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Tillandsia
Tillandsia flower in bloom.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Bromeliaceae
Subfamily: Tillandsioideae
Genus: Tillandsia
L.
Diversity
Over 600 species

The plant genus Tillandsia, a member of the Bromeliad family (Bromeliaceae), is found in the deserts, forests and mountains of Central and South America, and Mexico and the southern United States in North America.

The thinner-leafed varieties grow in rainy areas and the thick-leafed varieties in areas more subject to drought. Moisture and nutrients are gathered from the air (dust, decaying leaves and insect matter) through structures on the leaves called trichomes.

Tillandsia species are epiphytes (also called aerophytes, (i.e. they normally grow without soil while attached to other plants). Epiphytes are not parasitic, depending on the host only for support.

The genus Tillandsia was named by Carolus Linnaeus after the Swedish physician and botanist Dr. Elias Tillandz (originally Tillander) (1640-1693).

Contents

Etymology

Common names for Tillandsia include air plant, Ball moss (T. recurvata) and Spanish moss, the latter referring to T. usneoides in particular.

Description

Tillandsia plants mounted on the bark of a cork oak

Tillandsia are epiphytes and need no soil because water and nutrients are absorbed through the leaves. The roots are used as anchors only. Reproduction is by seeds or by offsets called "pups". A single plant could have up to a dozen pups.

Indoor arrangement of six Tillandsia plants mounted on a log section.

Although not normally cultivated for their flowers, some Tillandsia will bloom on a regular basis. In addition, it is quite common for some species to take on a different leaf colour (usually changing from green to red) when about to flower. This is an indication that the plant is monocarpic (flowers once before dying) but offsets around the flowering plant will continue to thrive.

Temperature is not critical, the range being from 32°C down to 10°C. They are sensitive to frost, except for the hardiest species, T. usneoides, which can tolerate night-time frosts down to about -10°C.

Tillandsia is a primary ingredient in Allerplex, a Standard Process herbal supplement to treat pollen allergies.

Subgenera

Species

See List of Tillandsia species

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Tillandsia
File:Tillandsia
Tillandsia flower in bloom.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Bromeliaceae
Subfamily: Tillandsioideae
Genus: Tillandsia
L.
Diversity
Over 600 species

The plant genus Tillandsia, a member of the Bromeliad family (Bromeliaceae), is found in the deserts, forests and mountains of Central and South America, and Mexico and the southern United States in North America.

The thinner-leafed varieties grow in rainy areas and the thick-leafed varieties in areas more subject to drought. Moisture and nutrients are gathered from the air (dust, decaying leaves and insect matter) through structures on the leaves called trichomes.

Tillandsia species are epiphytes (also called aerophytes or air plants) – ie they normally grow without soil while attached to other plants). Epiphytes are not parasitic, depending on the host only for support.

The genus Tillandsia was named by Carolus Linnaeus after the Swedish physician and botanist Dr. Elias Tillandz (originally Tillander) (1640-1693).

Contents

Etymology

Common names for Tillandsia include air plant, Ball moss (T. recurvata) and Spanish moss, the latter referring to T. usneoides in particular.

Description

]]

Tillandsia are epiphytes and need no soil because water and nutrients are absorbed through the leaves. The roots are used as anchors only. Reproduction is by seeds or by offsets called "pups". A single plant could have up to a dozen pups.


Although not normally cultivated for their flowers, some Tillandsia will bloom on a regular basis. In addition, it is quite common for some species to take on a different leaf colour (usually changing from green to red) when about to flower. This is an indication that the plant is monocarpic (flowers once before dying) but offsets around the flowering plant will continue to thrive.

Temperature is not critical, the range being from 32°C down to 10°C. They are sensitive to frost, except for the hardiest species, T. usneoides, which can tolerate night-time frosts down to about -10°C.

Tillandsia is a primary ingredient in an herbal supplement to treat pollen allergies.

Subgenera

Species

See List of Tillandsia species


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Tillandsia tenuifolia

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales
Familia: Bromeliaceae
Subfamilia: Tillandsioideae
Genus: Tillandsia
Species: T. acosta-solisii - T. aequatorialis - T. aeranthos - T. araujei - T. arequitae - T. baileyi - T. balbisiana - T. bartramii - T. brenneri - T. bulbosa - T. caput-medusae - T. cernua - T. circinnata - T. cucullata - T. cyanea - T. dyeriana - T. excelsa - T. fasciculata - T. festucoides - T. flabellata - T. flexuosa - T. insignis - T. ionanthe - T. juncea - T. lindenii - T. lineatispica - T. maxima - T. meridionalis - T. montana - T. paucifolia - T. pruinosa - T. recurvata - T. setacea - T. streptophylla - T. stricta - T. tectorum - T. tenuifolia - T. usneoides - T. utriculata - T. variabilis - T. xerographica

Hybrids

  • Tillandsia × floridana (L.B. Sm.) Luther (T. bartramii × T. fasciculata)
  • Tillandsia × smalliana Luther (T. balbisiana × T. fasciculata)

Name

Tillandsia L.

Vernacular names

English: Airplants
Español: Clavel del aire
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Tillandsia on Wikimedia Commons.

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