Timeline of Middle Eastern History: Wikis


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This timeline tries to compile dates of important historical events that happened in or that lead to the rise of the Middle East. The Middle East is the territory that comprises today's Afghanistan, Egypt, the Persian Gulf states, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, and Yemen. The Middle East with its particular characteristics was not to emerge until late second millennium AD. To refer to a concept similar that of today's Middle East but earlier in time, the term Ancient Near East is used.

This list is intended as a timeline of the history of the Middle East. For more detailed information, see articles on the histories of individual countries. See Ancient Near East for ancient history of the Middle East. The middle east is a place of conflict.


Neolithic period


8th millennium B.C.E.

7th millennium BCE

6th millennium BCE

  • September 1, 5509 BCE – "day of creation of the world" (according to the Byzantine Empire) and the beginning of their calendar.
  • 5403 BCE – "Date of the Descending of Adam & Eve to earth" (according to the extended Genesis Genealogy).

5th millennium BCE

Ancient Near East

4th millennium BCE

Overview map of the Ancient Near East

(see also Sumer: Ur, Uruk, Kish, Susa)

3rd millennium BCE

2nd millennium BCE

techniques in Anatolia or the Caucasus.

Early Iron Age

The Oriental Empires about 600 BCE

Inventions, Discoveries, Introductions

(see also: Roman Republic, David,Cyrus the Great, Darius the Great,Parthian Empire, Homer, Alexander the Great, Julius Caesar, Lydia, Median Empire, Chaldean Empire)

See also

Classical Antiquity

Middle Ages

Rise of Islam
"The Eighth Progressive Map - Arabic Acendency; showing (a,)The Arabic Empire in its greatest extent. (b,) The world at the beginning of the eighth century (Christianity on the point of being crushed by the Moslems.). (c,)The four Christian empires (Byzantine, Longobardian, Merovingian, and Anglo-Saxon.)."
The map shows the extension of the Caliphate under Al-Walid I, who reigned from 705 - 715
Turks, Crusaders and Mongols

(The dominance of the Arabs came to a sudden end in the mid 11th century with the arrival of the Seljuk Turks)

(see also: Seljuk Turks, Crusades, Mongols)

The Ottoman era
Ottoman Empire, 1481-1683

(main article: History of the Ottoman Empire)

  • 1869 - Construction of the Suez Canal is completed.

Modern period

European domination of the Arabic and Turkish regions (especially since World War I)
  • 1798 - Napoleon Bonaparte leads a campaign in Egypt and Syria.
  • 1882 - British troops occupy Cairo - Egypt becomes British protectorate.
  • 1922 - Egypt is granted independence from British occupation.
Contemporary Middle East

See also


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