Timeline of psychology: Wikis


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This article is a compiled timeline of psychology. A more general description of the development of the subject of psychology can be found in the history of psychology article. A more specific review of important events in the development of talk therapy can be found in the timeline of psychotherapy article.


Early history

Nineteenth century





  • 1874 - Wilhelm Wundt published his Grundzüge der physiologischen Psychologie (Principles of Physiological Psychology), the first textbook of experimental psychology.
  • ca. 1875 - William James opened the first experimental psychology laboratory in the United States, though it was intended for classroom demonstration rather than original research.
  • 1878 - G. Stanley Hall was awarded the first PhD on a psychological topic from Harvard (in philosophy).
  • 1879 - Wilhelm Wundt opened the first experimental psychology laboratory at the University of Leipzig in Germany.
  • 1890-William James published the "first psychology textbook" titled "Principles of Psycology."



Twentieth century




  • 1920 - John B. Watson and Rosalie Rayner conducted the Little Albert experiment, using classical conditioning to make a young boy afraid of white rats.
  • 1921 - Jacob L. Moreno conducted the first large scale public Psychodrama session at the Komoedienhaus, Vienna. He moves to New York in 1925.
  • 1922 - Boris Sidis publishes Nervous Ills: Their Cause and a Cure, a popularization of his work concerning the subconscious and the treatment of psychopathic disease.
  • 1923 - Boris Sidis dies suddenly from a cerebral hemorrhage on the morning of October 24.
  • 1927 - Ivan Pavlov publishes book on Classical Conditioning.
  • 1928 - Jean Piaget's book Judgement and Reasoning in the Child is published.








Twenty-first century


See also


  1. ^ Henry Chadwick, Augustine (Oxford, 1986), p.3.
  2. ^ a b c d e Ibrahim B. Syed PhD, "Islamic Medicine: 1000 years ahead of its times", Journal of the International Society for the History of Islamic Medicine, 2002 (2): 2-9 [7-8]
  3. ^ Saoud, R. "The Arab Contribution to the Music of the Western World" (PDF). http://www.muslimheritage.com/uploads/Music2.pdf. Retrieved 2007-01-12. 
  4. ^ Amber Haque (2004), "Psychology from Islamic Perspective: Contributions of Early Muslim Scholars and Challenges to Contemporary Muslim Psychologists", Journal of Religion and Health 43 (4): 357-377 [361]
  5. ^ Nurdeen Deuraseh and Mansor Abu Talib (2005), "Mental health in Islamic medical tradition", The International Medical Journal 4 (2), p. 76-79.
  6. ^ Haque, Amber (2004), "Psychology from Islamic Perspective: Contributions of Early Muslim Scholars and Challenges to Contemporary Muslim Psychologists", Journal of Religion and Health 43 (4): 357–377 [376], doi:10.1007/s10943-004-4302-z 
  7. ^ Omar Khaleefa (Summer 1999). "Who Is the Founder of Psychophysics and Experimental Psychology?", American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences 16 (2).
  8. ^ Bradley Steffens (2006). Ibn al-Haytham: First Scientist, Chapter 5. Morgan Reynolds Publishing. ISBN 1599350246.
  9. ^ Ibrahim B. Syed PhD, "Islamic Medicine: 1000 years ahead of its times", Journal of the International Society for the History of Islamic Medicine, 2002 (2), p. 2-9 [7].
  10. ^ S Safavi-Abbasi, LBC Brasiliense, RK Workman (2007), "The fate of medical knowledge and the neurosciences during the time of Genghis Khan and the Mongolian Empire", Neurosurgical Focus 23 (1), E13, p. 3.
  11. ^ Muhammad Iqbal, The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam, "The Spirit of Muslim Culture" (cf. [1] and [2])
  12. ^ a b c Martin-Araguz, A.; Bustamante-Martinez, C.; Fernandez-Armayor, Ajo V.; Moreno-Martinez, J. M. (2002). "Neuroscience in al-Andalus and its influence on medieval scholastic medicine", Revista de neurología 34 (9), p. 877-892.
  13. ^ Stroop, J.R. (1935) Studies of interference in serial verbal reaction. Journal of Experimental Psychology, Vol.18, 643-662
  14. ^ Eysenck, H. J. (1952). "The effects of psychotherapy: An evaluation.". Journal of Consulting Psychology 16: 319–324. doi:10.1037/h0063633. http://psychclassics.yorku.ca/Eysenck/psychotherapy.htm. 
  15. ^ Lambert, M. J.; Bergin, A. E., & Garfield, S. L.. "Introduction and Historical Overview". in Lambert, M. J.. Bergin and Garfield's Handbook of Psychotherapy and Behavior Change. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 3–15. 
  16. ^ Miller, G.A. (1956) The magical number seven, plus or minus two: Some limits on our capacity for processing information. Psychological Review, Vol. 63, 81-97
  17. ^ Fuller, J.L., Thompson, W.R. (1960) Behavior genetics. New York: Wiley
  18. ^ Tomkins, S. (1962). Affect Imagery Consciousness: The Positive Affects (Vol. 1). New York: Springer
  19. ^ Bion, W. R. (1962) A theory of thinking, International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, vol.43
  20. ^ Bandura, A. (1977). "Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change". Psychological Review 84 (2): 191–215. doi:10.1037/0033-295X.84.2.191. 
  21. ^ Plomin, R., DeFries, J.C., & Lohelin, J.C. (1977) Genotype-environment interaction and correlation in the analysis of human behavior, Psychological Bulletin, Vol. 85, 309-322
  22. ^ Yamagata et al. (2006) Is the Genetic Structure of Human Personality Universal? A Cross-Cultural Twin Study From North America, Europe, and Asia, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 90, No. 6, 987-998
  23. ^ Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of Thought and Action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
  24. ^ Merzenich, M.M., Recanzone, G., Jenkins, W.M., Allard, T.T., & Nudo, R.J. (1988) Cortical representational plasticity. In P Rakic and W. Singer (Eds.), Neurobiology of neocortex (pp.41-67). New York: Wiley
  25. ^ Pinker, S. (1991) Rules of Language. Science, Vol. 253, 530–535
  26. ^ Panksepp, J. (1992) A critical role for 'affective neuroscience' in resolving what is basic about basic emotions. Psychology Review, Vol. 99, No. 3, 554-560
  27. ^ Panksepp, J. (1998) Affective Neuroscience - The foundations of human and animal emotions, Oxford University Press, New York
  28. ^ LeDoux J.E. (1992) Brain mechanisms of emotion and emotional learning. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, Vol. 2, No. 2, 191-197
  29. ^ Plomin, R., McLearn, G.E. (1992) Nature, Nurture, and Psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
  30. ^ Smith, L.B., Thelen E. (1993) A Dynamic Systems Approach to Development
  31. ^ Baron-Cohen, S., (1995) Mindblindness: An essay on autism and theory of mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
  32. ^ Rizzolatti, G. et al. (1996) Premotor cortex and the recognition of motor actions, Cognitive Brain Research, Vol.3, 131-141
  33. ^ Baddeley, A.D. (2000) The episodic buffer: A new component of working memory? Trends in Cognitive Science, 4, 417-423.
  34. ^ Caspi, A., McClay, J., Moffitt, T.E., Mill, J., Craig, I.W., Taylor, A., Poulton, R. (2002) Role of Genotype in the Cycle of Violence in Maltreated Children. Science, Vol. 297, 851-854
  35. ^ Kim-Cohen, J., Caspi, A., Taylor, A., Williams, B., Newcombe, R, Craig, IW, Moffitt, T.E. (2006) MAOA, maltreatment, and gene-environment interaction predicting children's mental health: new evidence and a meta-analysis, Molecular Psychiatry, Vol. 11, 903-913
  36. ^ Pinker, S.(2002) The Blank Slate - The Modern Denial of Human Nature, London: Penguin books
  37. ^ Pinker, S. (2006) The Blank slate General Psychologist, 41(1), 1-8


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