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Timothy John "Tim" Winter (born 1960), also known as Abdal Hakim Murad, is a British Muslim scholar and teacher. Conversant in both traditional Islamic scholarship and Western thought and civilization, Winter has made contributions in the following areas: Muslim-Christian relations, Islamic ethics, Sufism, Islamic theology, Hadith studies, orthodox Muslim responses to extremism, sexuality in Islam, Islam and gender, Islam and the West, British Islam, religious life in Ottoman Turkey, and the Scriptural Reasoning project.



Born in 1960, Winter was educated at Westminster School, and graduated with a double-first in Arabic from the University of Cambridge in 1983. He went on to study the traditional Islamic sciences at the University of al-Azhar in Egypt for several years, and also spent an equal number of years in Jeddah, where he administered a commercial translation office and maintained close contact with the Sufi Shaykh Habib Ahmad Mashhur al-Haddad. In 1989, he returned to England and spent two years at the University of London where he studied Turkish and Persian.

Winter is currently the Shaykh Zayed Lecturer of Islamic Studies in the Faculty of Divinity at Cambridge University, Director of Studies in Theology at Wolfson College, and a doctoral student at Oxford University, where he is studying the relationship between the government and Sufi brotherhoods in the Ottoman Empire. Winter is also the secretary of the Muslim Academic Trust (London), Director of The Anglo-Muslim Fellowship for Eastern Europe, President of the UK Friends of Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Director of the Sunna Project, which has published the foremost scholarly Arabic editions of the major Sunni Hadith collections.

Winter's younger brother, Henry Winter, is a respected football writer.


XXI Asirda Islom: Postmodern Dunyeda qibleyi topush (Tashkent: Sharq neshriyet, 2005)

Postmodern Dünya’da kibleyi bulmak (Istanbul: Gelenek, 2003)

Co-authored with John A. Williams, Understanding Islam and the Muslims (Louisville: Fons Vitae, 2002).

Edited Volumes

The Cambridge Companion to Classical Islamic Theology (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008) ISBN 9780521780582.

Co-edited with Richard Harries and Norman Solomon, Abraham’s Children: Jews, Christians and Muslims in Conversation (Edinburgh: T&T Clark/Continuum, 2006).

Major Translations

Imam al-Busiri, The Mantle Adorned (London: Quilliam Press, 2009).

Imam al-Bayhaqi, Seventy-Seven Branches of Faith (London: Quilliam Press, 1990).

Roger Du Pasquier, Unveiling Islam (Cambridge: Islamic Texts Society, 1992).

Abu Hamid al-Ghazali, The Remembrance of Death and the Afterlife (Cambridge: Islamic Texts Society, 1989).

Abu Hamid al-Ghazali, Disciplining the Soul and Breaking the Two Desires (Cambridge: Islamic Texts Society, 1995).

Select Articles

"Jesus and Muhammad: New Convergences." Muslim World 99/1 (2009): 21-38.

"Poverty and the Charism of Ishmael." In Building a Better Bridge: Muslims, Christians, and the Common Good, edited by Michael Ipgrave (Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2009).

"Introduction." In The Cambridge Companion to Classical Islamic Theology, edited by Tim Winter (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008).

"Ibn Kemal (d. 940/1534) on Ibn 'Arabi's Hagiology." In Sufism and Theology, edited by Ayman Shihadeh (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2007).

"The Saint with Seven Tombs." In The Inner Journey: Views from the Islamic Tradition, edited by William Chittick (Ashgate: White Cloud Press, 2007).

"Ishmael and the Enlightenment's Crise de Coeur." In Scripture, Reason, and the Contemporary Islam-West Encounter, edited by Basit Bilal Koshul and Steven Kepnes (New York: Palgrave, 2007).

"Qur'anic Reasoning as an Academic Practice." Modern Theology 22/3 (2006): 449-463; reprinted in The Promise of Scriptural Reasoning, edited by David Ford and C. C. Pecknold (Malden: Blackwell, 2006).

"The Chador of God on Earth: the Metaphysics of the Muslim Veil." New Blackfriars 85 (2004): 144-57.

"Bombing Without Moonlight: the Origins of Suicidal Terrorism." Encounters 10:1-2 (2004): 93-126.

"The Poverty of Fanaticism." In Fundamentalism, and the Betrayal of Tradition, edited by Joseph Lumbard (Bloomington: World Wisdom, 2004).

"Readings of the 'Reading'." In Scriptures in Dialogue: Christians and Muslims Studying the Bible and the Qur’an Together, edited by Michael Ipgrace (London: Church House Publishing, 2004), 50-55.

"Tradition or Extradition? The threat to Muslim-Americans." In The Empire and the Crescent: Global Implications for a New American Century, edited by Aftab Ahmad Malik (Bristol: Amal Press, 2003).

"Muslim Loyalty and Belonging: Some Reflections on the Psychosocial Background." In British Muslims: Loyalty and Belonging, edited by Mohammad Siddique Seddon, Dilwar Hussain, and Nadeem Malik (Leicester: Islamic Foundation; London: Citizens Organising Foundation, 2003).

"'Pulchra ut luna: some Reflections on the Marian Theme in Muslim-Catholic Dialogue." Journal of Ecumenical Studies 36/3 (1999): 439-469.

"The Last Trump Card: Islam and the Supersession of Other Faiths." Studies in Interreligious Dialogue 9/2 (1999): 133-155.


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