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Coordinates: 30°59′04.73″N 8°13′42.51″W / 30.9846472°N 8.228475°W / 30.9846472; -8.228475

Tin Mal
Tin Mal is located in Morocco
Tin Mal
Location in Morocco
Coordinates: 30°59′04″N 8°13′43″W / 30.98444°N 8.22861°W / 30.98444; -8.22861
Country  Morocco
Region
Time zone WET (UTC+0)
 - Summer (DST) WEST (UTC+1)

Tin Mal (also Tinmel) is a small mountain village in the High Atlas at 100 km of Marrakech, Morocco. It is considered the cradle of the Almohad empire[1] from where they started their military campaigns against the Almoravids in early 12th century.[2]

Contents

History

With the seizure of Marrakech in 1147, Tin Mal became the spiritual capital and the artistic centre of the Almohad empire. The village is home of the tombs of the Almohad rulers. In Tin Mal the Almohad dirham, symbol of its economic prosperity, was struck.[3]

Tin Mal mosque

The Tin Mal Mosque is a mosque located in the High Atlas mountains of North Africa. It was built in 1156 to commemorate the founder of the Almohad dynasty, Mohamed Ibn Tumart. It is one of the two mosques in Morocco open to non-Muslims, the other being the Hassan II Mosque in Casablanca. The prototype for the Tin Mal mosque was the Great Mosque of Taza (near Fès), also built by Abd al-Mu'min. The Koutoubia in Marrakech was in its turn modelled on it.

World Heritage Status

The Tin Mal mosque was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List on July 1, 1995 in the Cultural category[4].

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Hoffmann, Eleanor (1965) (in English). Realm of the Evening Star: A History of Morocco and the Lands of the Moors. Chilton Books.  
  2. ^ André Julien, Charles (1970) (in Translation of v. 2 of Histoire de l'Afrique du Nord: De la conquête arabe à 1830.). History of North Africa: Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco: From the Arab Conquest to 1830. Praeger.  
  3. ^ http://grifterrec.com/coins/islam/muwahhid.html (accessed 12-07-2007)
  4. ^ Mosquée de Tinmel - UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  • Sanctuaires et fortresses almohades / H. Basset and Henri Terrasse, Collection "Hespéris" ; no 5, Paris, 1932

External links

  • MWNF [1]
  • Photo by Georges a. Bertrand [2]
  • Front of the mosque (photo by Alamy) [3]
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