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Toad
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Merrem, 1820

List of Anuran families

One example of a "toad", Bufo fowleri.
A male and female common toad in amplexus. The black strands are eggs.
A camouflaged toad
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1986-0423-019, Erdkröte.jpg

A toad can refer to a number of species of amphibians in the order Anura. A distinction is often made between frogs and toads by their appearance, prompted by the convergent adaptation among so-called "toads" to dry habitats. Many "toads" have leathery skin for better water retention, and brown coloration for camouflage. Their skin also includes wart-like parotoid glands. Contrary to popular belief a toad's "warts" cannot transmit warts by handling or skin contact, in fact their skin's bumps or "warts" are for blending in with their environment. They also tend to walk on foot, unlike frogs which jump, and they burrow in winter to hide their delicate skin. However, these adaptations are not reliable indicators of its ancestry. Because taxonomy reflects only evolutionary relationships, any distinction between frogs and toads is irrelevant to their classification.

For instance, many members of the frog families Bombinatoridae, Discoglossidae, Pelobatidae, Rhinophrynidae, Scaphiopodidae, and some species from the Microhylidae family are commonly called "toads". However, the only family exclusively given the common name "toad" is Bufonidae, or the "true toads". Some "true frogs" of the genus Rana have also adapted to burrowing habitats, while a bufonid species in the genus Atelopus are conversely known by the common name "harlequin frogs". Similarly to frogs, toads also display metamorphosis from tadpole to sexually mature adult.

Notes



Further reading

  • Beltz, Ellin (2005). Frogs: Inside their Remarkable World. Firefly Books. ISBN 1552978699. 

Wikisource-logo.svg "Toad". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911. 


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Gaming

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Wikia Gaming, your source for walkthroughs, games, guides, and more!

Toad

Toad

Information
Game Series Mario series
1st Appearance Super Mario Bros. (1985)
Alias: Mushroom Retainer
Alter Ego:
Japanese Name: Kinopio
Status:
Affiliation:
Occupation: Royal Service Worker
Position:
Rank:
Nationality:
Species
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Height:
Weight:
Gender:
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Birthdate:
Birthplace:
Likes:
Dis-Likes:
Hobbies:
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Home:
Power:
Fighting Style:
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Voice Actor(s):
Trademark: Small Mushroom capped creature
Notes:

Toad is a human-like mushroom found in Mario universe. Like the Yoshis, Toad is both a name of a specific character as well as the name of a species in the Mario universe. Their name probably came from the word "toadstool", which is another word for mushroom.

Contents

History of Toad and the Toads

NOOOOOOO!

Toads first appeared in the video game Super Mario Bros.. They are referred to in this game as simply the Mushroom Retainers. Here Mario, in his constant search for Princess Peach of The Mushroom Kingdom, defeats a Bowser look-alike and happens upon this friendly shroom. The Mushroom Retainer then uttered the now famous words, "Thank you Mario! But our princess is in another castle!" Mario took this in stride and went to the next castle only to find another toad which says the exact same thing! This happened five more times throughout the game (and became somewhat of a joke in the later games as well as popular culture in general). In summation the Toads got captured. A Lot.

In Super Mario Bros. 2 the fine fungii species returned. This is the game that established the character of Toad. This Toad, however, was different from his hapless counterparts. This Toad wasn't about to spend the game locked up in one of seven generic castles. No sir, this Toad would even be a playable character. Here Toad was one of four playable characters (the others being Princess Peach, Mario, and Luigi). Toad coundn't jump very high but he made up for it by being able to uproot weeds and dig through sand remarkably fast (a necessary skill in this game, I assure you).

Toad as he appears in Super Mario Bos. 1, 2 , and 3

In Super Mario Bros. 3 toads served the seven kings who had been turned into animals by Bowser. Mario, always busy saving everyone, stopped in on some of the toads living in the seven kingdoms. The toads allowed Mario to stay and play some games. If Mario won he would receive lives or various power-ups.

The toads in Super Mario 64 were also quite helpful. These little guys were found scattered around Princess Peach's castle. When Mario talked to them they would provide tips and hints. They would also sometimes give mario a star to add to his collection. The toads weren't, however, as generous in Super Mario Sunshine.

In Mario Kart: Double Dash!! female toads, long overlooked in the Mario series, gained some representation in the form of Toadette (like smurfette[1] of the toad's world). Before Toadette came into the picture it had been debated whether or not the toads that had been seen previously were male, or even had a gender at all. The arrival of Toadette however seems to be proof that the other toads indeed are dudes.

Toad and the toads in other media

Toad starred alongside Mario and his friends in the saturday morning cartoon show, "Super Mario Bros. Super Show."

Games Toad has Appeared in title (system) - date

Starring Roles

other appearances

Games the toads Have Appeared In title (system) - date

a group of toads

Other Toads

  • Toadsworth
  • Toadette
  • Fissa T.
  • The Chancellor of the
    Mushroom Kingdom
  • Chanterelle
  • Felissa T.
  • Fice T.
  • Gaz
  • Ghost T.
  • Grandma
  • Heff T.
  • Herb T.
  • Hinopio
  • Jolene
  • The Master
  • Minh T.
  • Miss T.
  • Montermama
  • Mr. E (1)
  • Mr. E (2)
  • Mrs. Shroomlock
  • Mushbert
  • Muss T.
  • Pine T.
  • Plenn T.
  • Prince Mush
  • Raz and Raini
  • Russ T.
  • Shroomlock
  • Starshade Bros.
  • Tayce T.
  • Toadia
  • Toadofsky
  • Toodles
  • Thriff T.
  • The Travelling Sisters Three
  • Vanna T.
  • Zess T.
  • Zip Toad

External Links

  • Game Sprite Archives - Super Mario Bros. 2 character sprites
  • The Mario Series Character Guide

This article uses material from the "Toad" article on the Gaming wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

Toads
File:Bufo
Golden Toad, Bufo periglenes
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura

A toad is a type of amphibian. Toads look like frogs. Toads mainly evolved in dry climates, so many toads have browner skin. Many toads also burrow, though that depends on the environment that the toad evolved in.

Look up Anura in Wikispecies, a directory of species









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