Tokyo Metro Ginza Line: Wikis

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     Tokyo Metro Ginza Line

An 01 series train for Shibuya departing Asakusa
Overview
Type Rapid transit
Locale Tokyo
Termini Shibuya
Asakusa
Stations 19
Operation
Opened 1927
Owner Tokyo Metro
Depot(s) Shibuya, Ueno
Rolling stock Tōkyō Metro 01 series
Technical
Line length 14.3 km
Track gauge 1,435 mm
Electrification 600 V DC, third rail
Operating speed 80 km/h
Route map

Tokyo metro Ginza line.png

The Ginza Line (銀座線 Ginza-sen ?) is a metro line of Tokyo Metro in Tokyo, Japan. The official name is Line 3 Ginza Line (3号線銀座線 3-gōsen Ginza-sen ?). It is 14.3 km long, and serves the wards of Shibuya, Minato, Chūō, Chiyoda, and Taitō.

On maps, diagrams and signboards, the line is shown with coloured circle or line of orange , and its stations are given numbers following the letter G.

Contents

History

The Ginza Line began as the brainchild of a businessman named Noritsugu Hayakawa (早川徳次 ?), who visited London in 1914, saw the London Underground and concluded that Tokyo needed its own underground railway. He founded the Tokyo Underground Railway (東京地下鉄道 Tōkyō Chika Tetsudō ?) in 1920, and began construction in 1925.

The portion between Ueno and Asakusa was completed on December 30, 1927 and publicized as "the first underground railway in the Orient." It was actually the first fully underground railway in East Asia. Upon its opening, the line was so popular that a passenger often had to wait more than two hours to get on a train for a five-minute trip.

In January 1, 1930, the subway was extended by 1.7 km to temporary Manseibashi Station, abandoned on November 21, 1931 when the subway reached Kanda, 500 meters further down south the line. The capital crunch resulting from the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923 slowed down construction, but the line finally reached its originally planned terminus of Shinbashi on June 21, 1934.

In 1938, the Tokyo Rapid Railway (東京高速鉄道 Tōkyō Kōsoku Tetsudō ?), a company tied to the predecessor of today's Tokyu Corporation, began service between Shibuya and Toranomon, later extended to Shinbashi in 1939. The two lines began through-service interoperation in 1939 and were formally merged as the Teito Rapid Transit Authority ("Eidan Subway" or "TRTA") in July 1941.

The "Ginza Line" name was applied in 1953 to distinguish the line from the new Marunouchi Line. In the postwar economic boom, the Ginza Line became increasingly crowded. The new Hanzōmon Line began to relieve the Ginza Line's traffic in the 1980s. The Ginza Line still is one of the Tokyo's most crowded, however, because its train cars are not long in sizes and it stops at numerous major stations. According to the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation, as of June 2009 the Ginza Line is the seventh most crowded subway line in Tokyo, running at 168% capacity between Akasaka-mitsuke and Tameike-Sannō stations.[1]

Tameike-Sannō Station opened in 1997 to provide a connection to the new Namboku Line.

Rolling stock

One of the original 1000 series cars operated on the Tokyo Underground Railway between Ueno and Asakusa. The last car was retired in 1968.

The Ginza Line uses a total of 38 six-car 01 series EMUs which have a maximum speed of 80 km/h. Each car is 16 m long and 2.6 m wide, with three doors on each side. Both the Ginza Line and the Marunouchi Line run on standard gauge (1,435 mm) rails powered by a 600 V DC third rail, while the other Tokyo Metro lines run on narrow gauge (1,067 mm) rails and use 1,500 V DC overhead.

Cars are stored and inspected at the Ueno Inspection Division (上野検車区 Ueno-kensha-ku ?), a facility located northeast of Ueno Station with both above-ground and underground tracks. The facility is capable of holding up to 20 6-car formations. Major inspections are carried out at Tokyo Metro's Nakano on the Marunouchi Line forwarding over a connecting track at Akasaka-Mitsuke.

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Former rolling stock

  • 1000 series (1927 - 1968)
  • 1500 series (1954 - 1986)
  • 2000 series (1958 - 1993)

Operation

Almost all Ginza Line trains operate on the line's full length from Asakusa to Shibuya. However, two trains depart in the early morning from Toranomon, and some late-night trains from Shibuya are taken out of service at Ueno.

On weekdays, trains run every two minutes in morning, and 2 minutes and 15 seconds in evening. It's same as holidays, the interval in afternoon is 3 minutes. This line is one of the most frequent served lines for passengers, like JR East Yamanote Line and Chūō Line. Its first trains start from Shibuya and Asakusa at 5:01 in early morning, and the last ones reach Shibuya at 0:37, and Asakusa at 0:39 in midnight.

Stations

Route diagram
Legend
Keiō Inokashira Line
Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
Tōkyū Den-en-toshi Line
Unknown route-map component "KBFa-ELEV" + Unknown route-map component "KDSa"
Exit tunnel Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
Shibuya Depot
Hub
Station on elevated + Hub
End station + Hub
Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
0.0 G-01 Shibuya Fukutoshin Line
Transverse track
Station on transverse track + Unknown route-map component "HUB26"
Unknown route-map component "hKRZ"
Transverse track + Unknown route-map component "HUB26"
Unknown route-map component "tKRZ"
Yamanote Line
Station on transverse track + Hub
Transverse track + Hub
Unknown route-map component "hKRZ"
Transverse track + Unknown route-map component "HUB26"
Unknown route-map component "tKRZ"
Saikyō Line
Transverse track
Transverse terminus from right + Hub
Elevated + Hub
Hub
Unknown route-map component "tBHF" + Hub
Tōkyū Tōyoko Line
Unknown route-map component "TUNNELa-ELEV" Unknown route-map component "tÜWcru" Unknown route-map component "tÜWor"
Tokyo Metro Hanzōmon LineTokyo Metro Hanzōmon Line
Unknown route-map component "tSTR" Unknown route-map component "tÜWo+l" Unknown route-map component "tÜWclo"
Unknown route-map component "tCPICl" Unknown route-map component "tCPICr"
1.3 G-02 Omotesandō Tokyo Metro Hanzōmon LineTokyo Metro Chiyoda Line
Unknown route-map component "tBHF" Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
2.0 G-03 Gaiemmae
Unknown route-map component "tBHF" + Hub
Unknown route-map component "tBHF" + Hub
2.7 G-04 Aoyama-itchōme Tokyo Metro Hanzōmon LineToei Ōedo Line
Unknown route-map component "tSTR" Unknown route-map component "tSTRlf"
Tokyo Metro Hanzōmon LineTokyo Metro Hanzōmon Line→
Unknown route-map component "tSTR" Unknown route-map component "tSTRrg"
Tokyo Metro Marunouchi LineTokyo Metro Marunouchi Line
Unknown route-map component "tCPICl" Unknown route-map component "tCPICr"
4.0 G-05 Akasaka-mitsuke Station Tokyo Metro Marunouchi LineTokyo Metro Namboku LineTokyo Metro Yūrakuchō LineTokyo Metro Hanzōmon Line
Unknown route-map component "tABZrg" Unknown route-map component "tABZrf"
Unknown route-map component "tSTR" Unknown route-map component "tSTRlf"
Tokyo Metro Marunouchi LineTokyo Metro Marunouchi Line→
Unknown route-map component "tBHF"
4.9 G-06 Tameike-Sannō Tokyo Metro Namboku LineTokyo Metro Chiyoda LineTokyo Metro Marunouchi Line
Unknown route-map component "tBHF"
5.5 G-07 Toranomon
Hub
Unknown route-map component "tBHF" + Hub
6.3 G-08 Shimbashi Toei Asakusa Line
Station on transverse track + Unknown route-map component "HUB26"
Unknown route-map component "tKRZ"
←Yamanote Line→
Station on transverse track + Unknown route-map component "HUB26"
Unknown route-map component "tKRZ"
Keihin-Tōhoku Line
Station on transverse track + Unknown route-map component "HUB26"
Unknown route-map component "tKRZ"
Tōkaidō Main Line
Transverse track + Unknown route-map component "HUB26"
Unknown route-map component "tKRZ"
Tokaido Shinkansen
Unknown route-map component "uKBFa" + Hub
Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
Waterway turning to right Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
Yurikamome
Unknown route-map component "tBHF"
7.2 G-09 Ginza Tokyo Metro Marunouchi LineTokyo Metro Hibiya Line
Unknown route-map component "tKRZt"
Keiyō Line
Unknown route-map component "tBHF"
7.9 G-10 Kyōbashi
Unknown route-map component "tBHF"
8.6 G-11 Nihombashi Toei Asakusa LineTokyo Metro Tozai Line
Unknown route-map component "tWSTR"
Nihombashi River
Hub
Unknown route-map component "tBHF" + Hub
9.2 G-12 Mitsukoshimae Tokyo Metro Hanzōmon Line
Unknown route-map component "tBHFq" + Hub
Unknown route-map component "tKRZt"
Shin-Nihombashi
Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
Sōbu Main Line
Track turning from left Unknown route-map component "tKRZ"
↓Yamanote Line / Keihin-Tōhoku Line / Chūō Line (Rapid)
Station on track + Hub
Unknown route-map component "tBHF" + Hub
9.9 G-13 Kanda
Junction to left Unknown route-map component "tKRZ"
↑Chūō Line (Rapid)→
Unknown route-map component "WBRÜCKE" Unknown route-map component "tWSTR"
Kanda River
Straight track Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
Chuo-Sobu Line
Tower station on transverse bridge over straight track Unknown route-map component "tKRZ"
Akihabara
Straight track Unknown route-map component "tBHF"
11.0 G-14 Suehirochō
Straight track Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
↓←Okachimachi
Station on track + Hub
Unknown route-map component "tBHF" + Hub
11.6 G-15 Ueno-hirokōji Tokyo Metro Hibiya LineToei Ōedo Line
Straight track Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
Unknown route-map component "tKBHFl" + Hub
Keisei Ueno Keisei Main Line
Track turning left Unknown route-map component "tKRZ"
Station on transverse track + Unknown route-map component "HUB26"
↑Yamanote Line / Keihin-Tōhoku Line
Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
Transverse terminus from left + Unknown route-map component "HUB26"
 Jōban Line / Utsunomiya Line / Takasaki Line
Unknown route-map component "tBHF" + Hub
Hub
12.1 G-16 Ueno Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line
Unknown route-map component "tABZlf" Enter transverse tunnel to right Non-passenger terminus from right
Ueno Depot
Unknown route-map component "tBHF"
12.8 G-17 Inarichō
Unknown route-map component "tBHF"
13.5 G-18 Tawaramachi
Unknown route-map component "tKRZt" Unknown route-map component "tHSTq"
Asakusa
Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
Tsukuba Express
Unknown route-map component "tKBHFe" + Hub
14.3 G-19 Asakusa Toei Asakusa Line
Head station + Hub
Tōbu Isesaki Line
Unknown route-map component "WBRÜCKE"
Sumida River

Being the oldest line, stations of the line are also the closest to the surface, generally no more than one and a half stories underground. The western tip of the line emerges to the surface, then entering on the third-floor (in Japanese sense, second floor in European sense) of a building in Shibuya, located in a depression.

Station Transfers Location
G-01 Shibuya Shibuya
G-02 Omotesandō Minato
G-03 Gaienmae  
G-04 Aoyama-itchōme
G-05 Akasaka-mitsuke

At Nagatachō:

G-06 Tameike-Sannō

At Kokkai-gijidōmae:

Chiyoda
G-07 Toranomon   Minato
G-08 Shimbashi
G-09 Ginza Chūō
G-10 Kyōbashi  
G-11 Nihombashi
G-12 Mitsukoshimae

At Shin-Nihombashi:

G-13 Kanda Chiyoda
G-14 Suehirochō  
G-15 Ueno-hirokoji At Naka-okachimachi:

At Ueno-okachimachi:

Taitō
G-16 Ueno

At Keisei Ueno:

G-17 Inarichō  
G-18 Tawaramachi  
G-19 Asakusa

See also

References

  • Shaw, Dennis and Morioka, Hisashi, "Tokyo Subways", published 1992 by Hoikusha Publishing
  1. ^ Metropolis, "Commute", June 12, 2009, p. 07. Capacity is defined as all passengers having a seat or a strap or door railing to hold on to.

Simple English

[[File:|300px|thumb|Ginza Line]] The Ginza Line (銀座線, ぎんざせん, Ginza-sen) is a metro line of Tokyo Metro in Tokyo, Japan.

Station

Station Japanese Transfers Location
G-01 Shibuya 渋谷
  • Tokyo Metro:
    • Hanzōmon Line (Z-01)*
    • Fukutoshin Line(F-16)
  • East Japan Railway Company
  • Tokyu Corporation
    • Den-en-toshi Line*
    • Tōyoko Line
  • Keiō: Inokashira Line
  • *The Ginza and Hanzōmon/Den-en-toshi lines at Shibuya are far apart, thus transfer is announced at Omotesandō
Shibuya
G-02 Omotesandō 表参道 Minato
G-03 Gaienmae 外苑前  
G-04 Aoyama-itchōme 青山一丁目
  • Tokyo Metro: Hanzōmon Line (Z-03)
  • Toei: Ōedo Line (E-24)
G-05 Akasaka-mitsuke 赤坂見附

At Nagatachō:

  • Tokyo Metro
    • Yūrakuchō Line (Y-16)
    • Hanzōmon Line (Z-04)
    • Namboku Line(N-06)
G-06 Tameike-Sannō 溜池山王

At Kokkai-gijidōmae:

Chiyoda
G-07 Toranomon 虎ノ門   Minato
G-08 Shimbashi 新橋
  • Toei:
  • JR East:
    • Yamanote Line
    • Keihin-Tōhoku Line
    • Tōkaidō Main Line
    • Yokosuka Line
  • Yurikamome: Yurikamome
G-09 Ginza 銀座 Chūō
G-10 Kyōbashi 京橋  
G-11 Nihombashi 日本橋
G-12 Mitsukoshimae 三越前

At Shin-Nihombashi:

  • JR East: Sōbu Line (Rapid)
G-13 Kanda 神田
  • JR East:
    • Chūō Main Line
    • Keihin-Tōhoku Line
    • Yamanote Line
Chiyoda
G-14 Suehirochō 末広町  
G-15 Ueno-hirokoji 上野広小路 At Naka-okachimachi:

At Ueno-okachimachi:

  • Toei: Ōedo Line (E-09)
Taitō
G-16 Ueno 上野
  • Tokyo Metro: Hibiya Line (H-17)
  • JR East:
    • Tōhoku Shinkansen
    • Jōetsu Shinkansen
    • Keihin-Tōhoku Line
    • Yamanote Line
    • Jōban Line
    • Takasaki Line
    • Tōhoku Main Line

At Keisei Ueno:

  • Keisei Electric Railway: Main Line
G-17 Inarichō 稲荷町  
G-18 Tawaramachi 田原町  
G-19 Asakusa 浅草

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