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Rajput Clan & Gurjar Clan: Tomar / Tanwar / Tuar [1]
Vansh Chandravansh
Lineage: Som - Puru - Kuru - Dushyant - Arjuna - Kshemaka - Tomar - Anangpal
Branches: Pathania, Janjua, Jarral, Janghara, Jatu'
Ruled in Indraprastha, Delhi, Nurpur, Tanwarawati / Torawati, Gwalior, Kayasthapad, Dholpur

The Tomaras (Hindi - तँवर , तोमर, तूर) (also spelt Tanwar and Toor) are a Rajput, Jatt and Gurjar[1] clan of the Chandravanshi kshatriya lineage. Descendants of Puru, Kuru, Dushyant, Arjuna, Kshemaka, Tomar lineage.

Contents

History

Historian Dr. Augustus Hoernle believes that Tomaras were one of the ruling clan of the Gurjaras (or Gujjars).[1]

According to legend, They are the descendants of the Pandava Prince Arjun, through his great grandson Emperor Janamejaya, son of Emperor Parikshit.

Lord Krishna displays his Vishvarupa (Universal Form) to Arjuna on the battlefield of Kurukshetra.

King Yudhishtra, who founded the Capital of Indraprasta in the kingdom of Hastinapur, later abdicated in favour of Parikshit, the grandson of his brother Arjun. Hastinapur was later said to be flooded and the Pandava kingdom was later asserted elsewhere. The modern city of Delhi is believed to be on the site of Indraprasta[2]. Delhi was established in 736CE by the Tomar/Tuar king Anangpal Tomar-I who re-established the Pandava ancestral capital.

The Kingdom of Delhi was founded by Anangpal Tomar, whose dynasty, by virtue of descent from the Pandavas, claimed to be Lords Paramount of India

—From A Pageant of India by Adolf Simon Waley[3]

The Tomar Rajput dynasty of Delhi lasted until Maharaja Anangpal Tomar-II, who to quote Lt. Col. Tod, in his Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan was "justly entitled to be termed the paramount sovereign of Hindustan".

Tomar Rajput ruler Anangpal Tomar II appointed his grandson (daughter's son, and son of King of Ajmer), Prithviraj Chauhan, as the heir apparent. Some historians believe that Prithvaraj was merely a caretaker king as long as his grandfather was alive. Prithviraj was never crowned in Delhi, hence adding weight to the view that the Chauhan ruler usurped the thrown from his maternal grandfather.[citation needed]

According to records kept by Jagas of Tomar/ Tanwar Rajputs, King Anangpal made Prithviraj only as caretaker when he went on a religious pilgrimage, as his own sons were very small at that time. When King Anangpal returned back, Prithviraj refused to hand over the kingdom. (Jagas are hereditary tribal record keepers of Rajputs.)[citation needed]

Following their loss of control at Delhi after the defeat at Tarain of the Indian Confederacy against Shahbuddin Ghori, a branch of the Tomar clan established itself in the area of modern Gwalior in northern Madhya Pradesh. Later - Man Singh Tomar built the fortress citadel which still stands there.

The Mughal emperor Akbar captured Gwalior in 1559. Some Tomar Rajputs converted to Islam during the Muslim-Mughal rule; Tomar Muslim Rajputs are found in western Rajasthan, Pakistan and Sind.

Tomars moved from Delhi to Haryana (Bhiwani, Mahendergarh and Karnal Districts), Madya Pradesh (Gwalior, and Morena and Bhind Districts), Punjab, and Rajasthan (Patan State and surrounding areas). They are spread from Punjab, to Western Uttar Pradesh (Meerut, Badaun, Bareilly, Baraut, Muzaffarnagar Ghaziabad, Aligarh, Bulandshahr), Bewar (Mainpuri) significant parts of Himachal Pradesh, to western Rajastan to Northern Madhya Pradesh and even some in Pakistan.

Vikramaditya

The great Vikramaditya of the year 56BC is claimed to be a Tuar Rajput.[4][5][6][7]

The principal era to which the luni-solar system is exclusively adapted is that of Vikramaditya, called Samvat. The prince from whom it was named was of the Tuár dynasty, and is supposed to have reigned at Ujjain (Ujjáyini).[8]

In the Hindu tradition in India and Nepal, the widely used ancient calendar is Vikrama Samvat or Vikrama's era. This is said to have been started by the legendary king following his victory over the Sakas in 56 BC.

Facts about Tomar Rajputs

  • Gotra - Kashyap/Garg
  • Ved - Yajurved
  • Kuldevi - Yogeshwari maata Sarund maata
  • Isht - Bhagwan Sri Krishna
  • Kul Dev - Shivji

Tomar Vanshavali (from Som to Anagpal Tomar, last Tomar King of Delhi)

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Vanshavali

Some Kings mentioned in the list were Adopted from within the Family e.g. Yudhishter Adapted his Brothers Grandson Parikshit as the Heir Apparent. The Jagas of Tomars have the detailed descriptions of when such adaptations occurred. http://spreadsheets.google.com/ccc?key=rdDZUCSAbqMfDY94LLtIbhQ [9]

Shakhas or sub-clans

Pathania Rajputs

Pathania is the name of a branch of the Tomar/Tuar Rajputs. It is one of the ruling Rajput Clans of India. Their Kingdom was at Nurpur, founded in the 12th century, situated in Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh. The kingdom included Pathankot and a large tract on the plains of the Punjab; also the whole of the present Nurpur Tahsil of Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh, with the addition of Shahpurkandi, now in Gurdaspur, and also a small tract to the west of the Ravi, called Lakhanpur, now in Jammu & Kashmir State. Rana Jethpal (12th century A.D.), the younger brother of Anangpal Tomar, came to Jallandhar Doab also called Bist Doab to carve out a territory for himself. After crossing the Beas river he captured a fort called Bhet, and for this reason it is said, he acquired the name Rana Bhet. After that he became master of the Fort and the town of Paithan, now known as Pathankot, and from then onwards, he came to be known as a Pathania Rajput instead of a Tanwar Rajput. Pathania Rajputs live in and around Himachal Pradesh, in North India. The Pathania clan ruled the Kingdom of Nurpur, till 1849 A.D. They were famous for their resistance against foreign rule, which they proved by giving battle to invaders till 1849 A.D., after which the Kingdom was annexed by the British, the Raja being a minor. This clan has to its credit three Maha Vir Chakra winners in the Indian Army. This clan has also won many other gallantry awards while serving in the British army of India.

Jatu Rajputs

Descendents Th. Jatu singh and now inhabit surrounding villages of Bhiwani (Haryana).It is believed that there were 1440 villages of Tanwars near Bhiwani. However, now there are not that many villages left but there is a significant number of villages. Villages Bawani Khera, Bapora, Luhari Jatu and Tigrana, Ratera (Ratangarh in past) Chhapar, Devsar, Haluwas, Paluwas, are a few bigger villages in District Bhiwani.

Janghára Rajputs

Known as a large and turbulent branch of the Tomar/Tuar Rajput clan[10], the Janghara Rajputs were readily recruited by the British Indian Army.

The turbulent nature of the tribe is further enhanced by the origin of the name Janghara being derived from the words, Jang (war) and Ahára (hunger) meaning "the men who hunger for war".[11]

After the fall of Delhi to the Chauhans, the Janghara sept parted from the main Tomar branch in disgust. They entered Rohilkhund under the leadership of the prince Dhápu Dhám whose warlike nature was proverbial. A couplet sung by women of the clan states "Neeche Darti upar Ram, beech mein lade Dhapu Dham", meaning "Below is Earth, above is Rám. Between the two, fights Dhápu Dhám"[12]

The Janghara Rajputs of Bareilly claim to have ejected the Gwálas in 1388CE. in 1405CE they expelled the Ahirs from their Kingdoms. The Katehriya Rajputs were also defeated and exiled from Rohillkhund by the Janghara Rai's .[12]

The Jangháras have always been turbulent and warlike; they should furnish the (British Indian) army with some excellent recruits.

—Handbook on Rajputs.[12]

Janjua Rájputs

The Janjua Rajputs also ruled in Mathura Uttar Pradesh during the 12th century AD near the Tuar settlements, before being exiled to Punjab where they flourished a warlike repute. They also claim Arjun Pandav descent and also allege to be descendants of the founder of Delhi.[13] The name Janjua also appears to be similar to Janghara, displaying that the derivation Janjua may also have been from the word Jang (war). The name Jangju has been used for the tribe too.[14]

The Janjúas of the Salt Range are considered second to none in Martial Spirit and Tradition.

—Jhelum Gazetteer[15]

The British held a high regard for the Janjua Rajputs;

The Janjuas of the Salt range by way of contrast, were held to be among the best Muslim soldiers, and were also 'the only really pure Rajputs in the plains of Punjab'....
—"Recruiting, Drafting, and Enlisting (Military and Society, 1)" Peter Karsten[16]

Jarral Rajputs

Originally a branch of Tomar/Tuar Rajputs, they gained prominence after their conversion to Islam in the 12th century. They are descendants of Pandavas and ruled a certain territory of Northern India from a place later came to be known as Kalanaur. They fought against Muhammad Ghor in both the battles of 1191 and 1192 joining Prithviraja Chauhan of Ajmer. They were ferocious and battle hardy Rajputs. Even after conversion they were fond of battles and seized Rajauri from the Pal rulers in 1193 AD.

Jarrals enjoyed fighting the Afghans, the Sikhs, the Dogras and the British and never rested but expanded their state in great length and width of the Punjab Hills. They were ousted from Rajauri State by the combined forces of Sikhs, Dogras and British in 1846. Later, knowing their feats of bravery and courage, the British befriended with them that helped them great in the latter years. It is one of the highest castes of Tomar but due to conversion to Islam were excommunicated by the clan and were not mentioned by the Sagas who note, maintain and narrate rajput family trees. They reside in India, Jammu, Kashmir, Punjab and other parts now in Pakistan. The descendents of Jarral Rulers reside in Musaman Burj, Wazirabad in Pakistan.

Beruari

Beruari/Beruar/Birwar is one of the most dominating caste of eastern UP. According to local sources, area of present days Balia and Mirzapur district was once governed by Sudra of Berua caste. One of the tomer prince defeated them and eastablished the rule of dharma. He and his decedents later called as Berua+ari (Beruari), i.e., enemy of Beruas. There are many villages of this clan in Mithilanchal (Bihar) also. Hati is one of the prominent village of this clan. They are being treated as Amnekh (Superior) rajput clan in Bihar.

Others

Sub Branches - Birwar, Badwar, Katiyar, Katouch, Jinwar, Indoria Kshatriya and Tirota Kshatriya. Indoria Kshatriya has branches - Raikwar, Jaiswar/Jaswar.

Major Tomar kingdoms

Delhi

The bastion of Lal Kot fort, Mehrauli, Delhi, built by Tomar Rajput ruler, Anangpal in ca 736 CE.
  • Founding of Delhi by Tomars

Pasanaha Chariu of Vibudh Shridhar (VS 1189-1230) an Apabhramsha writer, provides the first reference to the legend of the origin of the name Dhilli for Delhi[17].

हरियाणए देसे असंखगाम, गामियण जणि अणवरथ काम|
परचक्क विहट्टणु सिरिसंघट्टणु, जो सुरव इणा परिगणियं|
रिउ रुहिरावट्टणु बिउलु पवट्टणु, ढिल्ली नामेण जि भणियं|

Translation: There are countless villages in Haryana country. The villagers there work hard. They don't accept domination of others, and are experts in making the blood of their enemies flow. Indra himself praises this country. The capital of this country is Dhilli.

जहिं असिवर तोडिय रिउ कवालु, णरणाहु पसिद्धउ अणंगवालु ||
वलभर कम्पाविउ णायरायु, माणिणियण मणसंजनीय ||

Translation: The ruler Anangapal is famous, he can slay his enemies with his sword. The weight (of the Iron pillar) caused the Nagaraj to shake.

A VS 1383 inscription in Delhi Museum confirms the founding of Delhi by the Tomars:

देशोऽस्ति हरियानाख्यो पॄथिव्यां स्वर्गसन्निभः |
ढिल्लिकाख्या पुरी तत्र तोमरैरस्ति निर्मिता ||

Prithviraj Raso also confirms the founding by the Tomars and the legend of the loose nail (i.e., the Iron pillar):

हुं गड्डि गयौ किल्ली सज्जीव हल्लाय करी ढिल्ली सईव |
फिरि व्यास कहै सुनि अनंगराइ भवितव्य बात मेटी न जाइ ||

Iron pillar of Chandragupta with a inscription by Anangpal I

Today we have around 20 villages of Tomar or Tanwar Gujjars in and around Delhi which makes the perception strong that this was originally a Gurjar clan. These Gurjar Tanwars proved to be the toughest repellents to the Britishers in 1857 during the first war of independence. They captured the Matcalfe house for 12 days cutting all supplies to British Armies and declaring independence for Delhi (though for a small period of time only).

Genelogy

Chronology of Tomar Kings of Delhi

  1. Anangpal-I- 736 V.S. - 793 A.D.
  2. Gangeya 772
  3. Prithvimal 793
  4. Jagdev 812
  5. Narpal 833
  6. Udaysangh 848
  7. Jaidas 863
  8. Vachhal/VrikshPal 879
  9. Pavak 901
  10. Vihangpal 923
  11. Tolpal 944
  12. Gopal 965
  13. Sulakhan 983
  14. Jaspal 1009
  15. Kanvarpal/Kumara Pal 1025 (Masud captured Hansi briefly in 1038)
  16. Anangpal II/AnayPal 1046 (1052 inscription on the Iron pillar at Mahrauli)[18]
  17. Tejpal 1076
  18. Mahipal/Junpal 1100
  19. Dakatpal (Arkpal or Anangpal III) 1115 A.D.

Gwalior

Gwalior Fort built by the Tuar Rajputs of Gwalior
Chronology of Tomars Kings of Gwalior
  1. Beersingh Deo (1438-)
  2. Dungar Singh
  3. Man Singh Tomar (1486–1516), 'Father of Dhrupad'
  4. Name

In 1517 AD the Fort was taken by Ibrahim Lodhi and subsequently by Babar.

Tomars of Gwalior

  1. Virsingh nearly A.D. 1375
  2. Uddhharandev A.D. 1400
  3. Vikramdev
  4. Ganapatidev A.D. 1419
  5. Dugarendrasingh
  6. Kalyanmalla
  7. Mansingh A.D. 1486

Torawati - Patan, Rajasthan

Lord Krishna Chandravanshi.

Established by King Anangpal II while he was ruler at Delhi, Patan is a city in Rajasthan ruled by the Tomars since 12th Century AD. Patan was capital of Tanwarawati or Torawati state. It is one of the oldest remaining states still ruled by the Tanwar's who are direct descendants of Anang Pal Tomar.

Chronology of Tomar rulers at Patan:

  1. Rao Salunji (Saalivaahan), fought Alahuddin for 12 years, son of Anangpal II, last Tomar king of Delhi.
  2. Rao Nihaalji
  3. Rao Dothji (Dohthaji)
  4. Rao Popatraj ji
  5. Rao Peepalrajji (fought against Bhinvraj Sankhla of Bihar and killed him, founded Patan Fort)
  6. Rao Ranaji
  7. Rao Alsiji (Aasalji)
  8. Rao Kamalji (Kavarsi)
  9. Rao Mahipalji
  10. Rao Bhopalji, founded the Sarun Mata Temple in 1276 VS/ 1332 AD, the temple of Kuldevi of Tanwar Rajputs.
  11. Rao Bachrajji
  12. Rao Bhaadarji
  13. Rao Bahadur Singhji
  14. Rao Prithvirajji
  15. Rao Kalyaan Ji
  16. Rao Kumbhaaji
  17. Rao Baharsiji
  18. Rao Jagmaalji
  19. Rao Purnamalji
  20. Rao Laakhanji
  21. Rao Loonkaranji
  22. Rao Kanwalrajji (Kevalji), married and had issue.
  23. Rao Udoji, moved away from Patan and established Thikana Gaonri (or Gaondi), and was ancestor of the Thakur Sahebs of Mandholi.
  24. Rao Aasalji (qv)
  25. Rao Kheebu (Pevji)
  26. Rao Sahamalji
  27. Rao Karpooriji
  28. Rao Beekoji
  29. Rao Chhotaa Aasalji
  30. Rao Balbhadra Singhji
  31. Rao Dalpat Singhji
  32. Rao Pratap Singhji
  33. Rao Kesri Singhji (Sinhraj)
  34. Rao Fateh Singhji
  35. Rao Jaswant Singhji
  36. Rao Ghaasiramji
  37. Rao Bamsiramji
  38. Rao SAMRATH SINGHJI -/1757
  39. Rao SAMPAT SINGHJI 1757/1790
  40. Rao JAWAHAR SINGHJI 1790/-
  41. Rao LAXMAN SINGHJI
  42. Rao KISHAN SINGH -/1873
  43. Rao MUKUND SINGH 1873/-, born about 1862, son of Kunwar Pratap Singh, younger brother of # Rao Kishan Singh.
  44. Rao KHUMAN SINGH, married and had issue.
  45. Rao MAHARAJ SINGH
  46. Rao Sahib UDAYA SINGH, married 1928 in Kathmandu, Rani Thagendra Rajya Lakshmi Kumari Devi, daughter of Gen. HH Shri Tin Maharaja Mohun Shamsher Jung Bahadur Rana of Nepal, Prime Minister of Nepal.
  47. Rao Sahib BIR BIKRAM SINGHJI -/1991, born 18 August 1932, married 28 April 1960, Rani Sahiba Raghuraj Kumari [presently the Rajmata Sahiba of Patan], daughter of Maharaj Pratap Singhji of Bhupalgarh (Mewar).
  48. Rao Sahib DIGVIJAY SINGHJI, Rao of Patan and Head of the Tomar clan in India, since 11 September 1991.
  • Buhana:
    • Bhawani singh, Founder of Buhana (Jhunjhunu)in 1234.
    • Baba Umad Singh (Maharaj), lok Devta (Saint) of Buhana, Dist Jhunjhunu (Rajasthan), now Baba Umad Singh Seva & Vikash Samiti.
    • Rao Lakhaji Tanwar (1523–1544) of Gaonri Captured Mandholi from Jat Rulers, placed Inderpalji Tanwar at Mandholi.
  • Maonda kalan:
    • Two brothers Shyamdasji and Sunderdasji moved from Gaonri and founded Maonda Kalan. There Jagirdari was spread over twelve villages from Dudas on one side to Purana Baas. One of the sons of Sunderdasji moved from Maonda Kalan and founded Dantil.
  • Banethi: Near Kot Putli, Rajasthan
  • Gaonri (or Gaondi)

Nurpur

Founded in the 11th century (1095?), by Raja Jhet Pal, younger brother of the Ruler of Delhi (Anaypal Tomar). Originally known as Dhameri, name changed to Nurpur by Jehangir in honor of Queen Nur Jehan.

Rulers were:

  1. Raja JAS PAL 1313/1353, married and had issue, 9 sons, each of whom was progenitor of a branch of the Pathania family.
  2. Raja Kailas Pal 1353/1397
  3. Raja NAG PAL 1397/1438
  4. Raja PRITHI PAL 1438/1473
  5. Raja Bhil Pal 1473/1513
  6. Raja Bakht Mal 1513/1558, died 1558.
  7. Raja PAHARI MAL 1558/1580
  8. Raja BASU DEV 1580/1613, enjoyed a mansab of 1500 under Emperor Akbar, which was increased to 3500 by Emperor Jahangir, married and had issue. He died in the thana of Shahabad in 1613.
  9. Raja SURAJ MAL (qv)
  10. Raja JAGAT SINGH (qv)
  11. Mian Madho Singh, granted the title of Raja by Emperor Jahangir. He died after 1623.
  12. Raja SURAJ MAL 1613/1618, granted a mansab of 2000. He died 1618 in Chamba.[19][20]
  13. Raja Jagat Singh 1618/1646 Patronized by Jehangir, rebelled against Shah Jehan but restored, accompanied Dara Shikoh to Kandahar.
  14. Raja Rup Singh 1646/1661 Taragarh taken from him, granted 1500 mansab
  15. Raja Mandhata Singh]] 1661/1700
  16. Raja Dayadhata 1700/1735
  17. Raja Fateh Singh 1735/1770
  18. Raja Prithvi Singh 1770/1805
  19. Raja Bir Singh 1805/1846, born 1785, last ruling Chief of Nurpur, married a daughter of Raja Jit Singh of Chamba, and had issue. He died in Battle in, 1846 AD.
  20. Raja Jaswant Sngh 1846/1898
  21. Raja Gagan Singh 1898/1952, 6th Viceregal Darbari in Kangra District, an Honourary Magistrate in Kangra District, the Hereditary title of Raja was conferred 15 March 1909 by the Viceroy, married and had issue. He died 1952.
  22. Raja Devendra Singh 1952

REH

  1. Mian Indar Singh of Reh, married a daughter of the Raja of Kangra, settled in that state and was ancestor of the Reh branch of the Nurpur Royal Family, married and had issue.
   * Mian Arjun Singh of Reh, married and had issue.
         o Mian Ishwari Singh of Reh, married and had issue.
               + Kumari Rai Dei, married Raja GOPAL SINGH of Chamba.
         o Mian Keshari Singh, married and had issue.
               + Mian Shanker Singh of Reh, married and had issue.
                     # Rai Raghunath Singh of Reh, married and had issue.
                           * Rai Hoshiar Singh of Reh, married and had issue.
                                 o Rai Mohan Singh of Reh, married and had issue.
                                       + Rai Ranvir Singh of Reh, married and had issue.
                                             # Kumari Anjali Devi, married Raja ANIRUDH PAL SINGH of Awagarh, and has issue.
                                                   * Rajkumari Ambika Devi, born 1977, married Rajkumar Tushar Singh [Kumar Shri Tusharsinhji Kanaksinhji] of Dumraon, born 1970.
                           * Col. Kanwar Balwant Singh, married and had issue.
                                 o Col. Devendra Singh, married Kanwarani Rama Devi, daughter of Kanwar Baldev Singh of Kumharsain, and his wife, Kanwarani Hemavati Kumari, and had issue.
                                       + Kanwar Hemant Singh
                     # Mian Bikham Singh, married and had issue.
                           * Thakur Sarup Singh, married Kumari Saheb Dei, daughter of Kanwar Hoshiar Singh of Chamba, and had issue.
                                 o Wing-Cdr. Thakur Gajinder Singh Pathania, born 1921, served in the Indian Air Force, rising to the rank of Wing-Commander; married Thakurani Uma Dei of Barnai in Jammu, and had issue. He died 5 September 2009 in Dehradun.
                                       + Thakur Bhagwati Singh Pathania, born 21 August 1954 in Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, educated at The Lawrence School, Sanawar (Senior Cambridge), at Government College, Chandigarh (B.A. Econ.) and at Cambridge Tutorial College, U.K. (Diploma in Sales and Business management); has held Colours and Merit Certificates in all games, he was awarded the prestigious "Spartan Club" Membership, Member of the Lawrence School Sanawar Society as the Headmasters appointment in the years 2006 to 2009; worked overseas in Oman and the U.A.E. from 1981 to 2004; married 18 February 1984, Thakurani Renu Pathania, and has issue.
                                             # Kumari Karishma Pathania, born 24 January 1990 in Jammu, educated at The Lawrence School, Sanawar, and is presently (2010) in 2nd year at M.C.M. DAV College, Chandigarh.
                                             # Kumari Namrata Pathania, born 8 September 1991 in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, educated at The Lawrence School, Sanawar, presently (2010) awaiting her Boards for 12th Class.
                                 o Thakur Rajendra Singh, married, and had issue.
                                       + Kumari Dimpy, married Kunwar D. P. N. Singh of Padrauna in Bihar, and has issue.
                                       + Kumari Prithi [Rani Preeti Devi of Poonch], married 14 August 1975, Raja RAMAN DEV SINGH of Poonch, and has issue, two children.
                           * Thakur Devi Singh, married Kumari Radha Devi, and had issue.
                                 o Thakur Randhir Singh, married Thakurani Kamla Devi of Barnai in Jammu, and had issue.
                                       + Kumari Shahnaz, married Kanwar Anil Sen of Mandi.
               + Mian Bishan Singh, married and had issue.
                     # Sardar Bahadur Hira Singh, married and had issue.
                           * Kanwar Dalip Singh, married and had issue.
                                 o Kanwar Nasib Singh, married Kanwarani Sushma Dei of Kutlehar, and had issue.
                                 o Kumari Sharmishta Devi [Rani Sharmistha Devi of Bangahal], married Rai Sahib RAJENDRA PAL SINGH of Bir (Bangahal), and has issue.
                           * Kanwar Punjab Singh, married and had issue.
                                 o Kanwar Virendra Singh, married Kanwarani Asha Kumari, daughter of Kanwar Indra Vikram Singh of Keonthal, and has issue.
                                 o Kanwar Rajeshwar Singh, married Kanwarani Nirja Kumari, daughter of Kanwar  Romesh Singh of Sirmur, and his wife, Kanwarani Sidheshwari Kumari, and has issue.
                           * Kanwar Mahendra Singh, married Kanwarani Usha Kumari, and had issue.
                                 o Kumari Seema Kumari, married Kanwar Ajay Singh of Baghal, and has issue.
                           * Kumari Basantika Devi [Rani Basantika Devi of Kotkhai], married (as his second wife), Rana RAGHUNATH SINGH of Kotkhai, and had issue, two sons and one daughter.
         o Mian Sahib Singh, married and had issue.
               + Mian Sheo Singh, married and had issue.
                     # Kumari (name unknown), married (as his third wife), Maj.Gen. HH Maharaja Sir PRATAP SINGH Sahib Bahadur of Jammu and Kashmir.

Dholpur

The Honourable Raja Sri Pratap Arjun Singhji Tomar of Kayasthpada in his uniform of Her Majesty's Guards.
  1. Dholpur was founded in circa 700 AD, Raja Dholan Deo Tonwar founded Dholpur in 1004[21], his dynasty ruling till 1505, Sikander Lodhi Obliterating it and merging it with Mughal states. It was later captured by Mughal Babur. It was later merged with GOHAD state existing as such till 1806 when Rana Khirat Singh of Gohad (1803/1805), became the first ruler of Dholpur.[22][23][24]
  1. Kayasthapad, Dholpur - In 1873 Maj. HH Rais ud-Daulah Sipahdar ul-Mulk Maharajadhiraj Sri Sawai Maharaj Rana NIHAL SINGH Lokindra Bahadur Diler Jung Jai Deo of Dholpur Invited Thakur Saheb Karan Singh Ji of Musepur in 1876, from the family of the Thakur of Hussait, who were descendants of Raja Dholan Deo Tomar, and created him the Raja of Kaysathpada Thikana. He was succeeded by his son Raja Pratap Arjun Singh Tomar who was also a member of the His Majesty's Guards. Kayasthpada family is now headed by Raja Saheb Ravendra Singh Ji Saheb Tomar who is also a well known conservationist and nature photographer with being the pioneer of the Tourism industry in Kotah.

Bikaner

Lakhasar, Sawantsar and Janjheu villages have some tanwar population.

Diaspora

Diaspora in Uttar Pradesh

There are many Tomar Rajputs villages in Uttar Pradesh, over four hundred of them in Western Uttar Pradesh. These villages are mainly spread across the Meerut, Ghaziabad, Badaun, Bareilly, Hardoi, Muzaffar Nagar, Bulandshahr and Aligarh districts. The distribution of some of these villages is as follows:

  • 84 villages near Pilkhua in the Ghaziabad district
  • 1 village (ATRAULY) near PILKHUWA…
  • '1 village (ACHPAL GARHI) near PILKHUWA…
  • 1 villages near khandauli in Agra district
  • 1 village (Bhatyana) near Hapur in the Ghaziabad district
  • 5 villages near Khurja in the Bulandshahr district (Dharpa, Khalsia, Dinaul, Kirra & Dudupur)
  • 24 villages near Baraal in the Bulandshahr district
  • 12 villages(Nanglamal, Badla, Pachgaon, Manpur, Maukhas,Samaypur, Sisoli, Jitholi Etc) Garh Road in the Meerut district
  • 24 village near Khautali in the Muzaffar Nagar district
  • 12 villages near Siana in the Bulandshahr district
  • 6 Village in Delhi
  • 3 village in near khandwa m.p (atoot bhikari, atoot khas, metaval)
  • Some villages in Badaun and Bareilly District
  • Two village named LONGPUR & Simra Bori Pur in District Bareilly UP.
  • some village in bansdeeh tahsheel, ballia, up
  • 12 village is Etah district of Uttar Pradesh Basically they came from Gwalior after Mughals rule Main village Baghwala
  • 11 villages of tomars in ferojabad district nearly 10000 thousand tomars live in these villages originally migrated from aisa district morena of m.p.
  • 42 villages in Aligarh District near Mandrak and Nauhati villages astride Aligarh -Agra and Aligarh- Mathura road

Tomar/Tanwar Rajputs are also found in the, Bhiwani, Karnal, and Mahendergarh districts of Haryana; the Morena district in Madhya Pradesh, near Gwalior; and the Patan state near Jaipur.

Some of the Tomars from Morena district of MP have relocated to Dholpur District of Rajasthan. The major Villages of Tomars in Dholpur are - Sunderpur, Diwan Ka Pura, Gunpur, Chilpura and Kayasthpada.


Diaspora in Haryana

There are several Tanwar Rajput villages in Bhiwani District of Haryana, namely Luhari Jatu, Bapaura, Dinod, Ratera, Devsar, Tigrana, Haluwas, Paluwas, Kairu, Jeetwan Baas, Bajina, Dhani Mahu, Baliyali (Rampura), Kuhar, Talwandi Raanghdan etc., and a significant proportion of Bhiwani City comprises Jatu Tanwar (a sub clan of Tanwars).

Further, there are also several Tanwar Rajput villages in Mahendergarh District of Haryana, one of the largest being Dhanoda, followed by Kheri-Talwana, Bassai, Bhandor Unchi, Chitlang, Pali, Neembi, Bojawas, Pathera, Khudana, and many more.

One tomar village named Gorar in district sonepat right between the dahiya and hooda dominated areas. The people of this village are supposed to be migrated from Johri village under Baghpat district of Uttar Pradesh.

There are 16 Tanwer Rajput Villages in Kurukhetra Dist in Haryana Pharal (Now in Distt. Kaithal), Tangore, Lukhi, Jadena, Kalsana. There are 1 Tanwar rajput Village in Palwal Dist in Haryana 'KARNA'.

Further, there are also several Tanwar Rajput village in Yamuna Nagar District of Haryana, namely Maheshwari. There is one Mangaria Tanwar village named "Pachaanka" in Mewat District of Haryana. It is named after five brothers who founded it after they were displaced by army of Akbar - the Mughal Emperor from Mangar village on Faridabad - Delhi border.

Diaspora in Rajsthan

There are 84 villages between Kothputli and Shahpura. There are several villages near Pilani. Patan a former princely state (Torawati) in Rajsthan Near Jaipur was ruled by Tanwar Rajputs and ruler of this state is also considered the head of Tanwar clan.

Baba Ramdevji Tanwar

Baba Ramdevji, the Holy Sage from Runicha, Rajsthan also known as Ram Peer. Born in 13th Century was a great social reformer and propounder of peace and equality. An yearly mela is held in Ramdevra in Jaisalmer District 118 km from Jaisalmer in his remberance where devotees from Rajasthan, Haryana, Gujarat and Punjab participate[25].

Modern Tomar/Tanwar personalities

Politics

  • Dr. Ramesh Chand Tomar (Former two-time BJP MP from Hapur Constituency, UP)
  • Usha Rani Tomar (Former MP from Aligarh, UP)
  • Narendra Singh Tomar - President Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) MP StateAND MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT FROM MORENA
  • Satendra Singh Tomar- N.S.U.I President Gwalior
  • Dharmendra Singh Tomar- BJP yuva morcha leader Gwalior
  • Thakur Shambhu Singh Tanwar, Khetasar, Jodhpur, Rajasthan. Chief Secratory Bahujan Samajvadi Party, Rajasthan. He was first Rajput President of Jodh Taylor-Burtonpur University.
  • Smt. Vijay Laxmi W/o Vijay Bahadur Singh (Tomar Rajput) Ex. MLA of Banshdeeh Vidhan Shabha, Ballia, U.P.
  • Karan Singh Tanwar - MLA from Delhi Cantonment (Nariana), New Delhi (A Tanwar Rajput of clan Rava/Raya Rajput)
  • PRADHUMN SINGH TOMAR, M.L.A {CONGRESS} FROM GWALIOR MADHYA PRADESH
  • Thakur Om Prakash Singh elected MLA from Sanha Bareilly, twice held position of Home Minister in U.P govt.
  • Th Prithvi Raj Singh Depuaty Collector in British Rule later became MLA and a renouned freedom fighter. His son Raj Singh a freedom fighter later became MP in 3rd and 6th lok sabha from Bareilly and Aonla distt of UP lives in Bareill presently.
  • Thakur Vijaypal Singh Tomar Ex.MLA (belongs to Bhagwanpur village, Meerut)
  • Kunwar VED PAL SINGH TANWAR, Chief Haryana Sarvjati party
  • KUNWAR VEERENDRA SINGH TOMAR member of jila panchayat and pradhan (11 village) in KULWARIYA (village of TOMARS) IN DIST- ETAH, UTTAR PRADESH.
  • THAKUR ATTAR LAL(TANWAR RAJPUT) PRESIDENT Bhartiya Kisan Sangthan

Civil services

  • Bubu Jabar Singh Tomar, Former PWD Minister of Madhya Pradesh. One of the best known Tomar of modern era. A socialist by belief, Jabar Singh Tomar fraught for the plight of the poor farmers through out his public service.
  • Thakur Bharat Singh S/o Thakur Kartar Singh of Vill. Pharal (Now Distt. Kaithal) was the first Rajput to become Member, Public Service Commission, Punjab from 1943 to 1953. He was a renowned Lawyer in Ambala and was also Vice-President of Cantt. Board, Ambala for 17 years before becoming Member, PPSC. His younger brother Dr. Ratan Singh was the first MLA from Ambala after Independence.

Late Thakur Jagmaal Singh Tanwar appointed in High Rank Civil Services, served the state of Rajasthan for following ministries - Coal & Mining, Finance, Labor. His father served His Highness Maharaja Ganga Singhji for his life time as a minister in the Royal Bikaneer Darbar.

Armed forces

  • Lt. General V.K. Singh, G.O.C. in C, Eastern Command.
  • Lt Gen (Retd) YS Tomar; PVSM, Formar Adjutant General of Indian Army and commandant IMA Dehradun
  • Col. BrijPal Singh, Vir Chakra, Retd, Ist D.I.G. B.S.F and founder of Haryana Rajput Shaba V.P.O Bapora Distt. Bhiwani Haryana.
  • Brig. B.S. Tomar (Retd), Etawah
  • Air Marshal Prithi Singh, Retd. Air Marshal V.P.O Bapora, Distt. Bhiwani Haryana
  • Maj.Gen.Parkash Singh Tanwar V & p.o. Tigrana
  • Brig. Virpal Singh Tanwar (Retd). son of Late Col.Brijpal Singh Vir Chakra, Bapora, Bhiwani.
  • Late Shri. Lt. Col. Jagat singh Tanwar, father Lt. General V.K. Singh, PVSM, AVSM, YSM Bapora , Distt Bhiwani, the general is a third generation Rajput officer.
  • Retired Air Marshal Shri P. Singh is also belong to same village.Bapora village known has glorious record of Indian Army.
  • The first Rajput officer of Bapora village Shri Captain Umda Singh Ji , he was awarded with Victoria Course Medal.
  • Capt. Parmal Singh Tomar I.P.S, Captain of Mahar Regiment in Indian army & First I.P.S officer from morena Dist. Retd as I.G
  • Rif.Man Mathan Singh Vir Chakra, V.P.O Bapora, Distt Bhiwani
  • Capt. Sompal Singh, Simra Bori Pur Ditt Bareilly
  • Mr.Jaideep Singh Tanwar,Indian Navy.
  • Mr.Jogender Singh Tanwar, Chiefe Officer, Indian coast Guard,vill chitlang,distt.mahendergarh,Haryan,India.

Police/B.S.F.

  • Mr. V.P. Singh, D.I.G. (Retd.) B.S.F., recipient of Police Medal for Gallantry in the 1971 Indo Pak war (Village Bapora, District Bhiwani).
  • Mr. S.P.S. Tanwar, D.I.G. (Retd.) B.S.F., (Village Bapora, District Bhiwani).
  • Prabhat Singh Tomar—D.I.G Border Security Force (from Indore,MP)
  • Shree Teja Singh Tanwar (RATERA BHIWANI) EX DIG BSF
  • Capt. Parmal Singh Tomar I.P.S, Captain of Mahar Regiment in Indian army and first I.P.S officer from morena Dist. Retd as I.G
  • Kanwar Randip Singh, IPS S/o Thakur Bharat Singh was commissioned as an Officer in Indian Army in 1941 and later on joined IPS in 1952. He served in joint Punjab and later on in Haryana and was first Rajput Officer to head Haryana Police as IGP. He also seved as IG BSF and IGP Jammu & Kashmir. He was the first IPS officer to get extension in service and that too in his own cadre. He also served as Special Advisor, Ministry of Home, Govt. of Jammu & Kashmir. He was also appointed as Vice-Chairman, Anti-Corruption Board, Haryana and Chairman, Police Housing Corporation Haryana.
  • Late Raja Sahab Badam Singhji of Kayasthpada, DYSP of Rajasthan Police from Dholpur till 1992.
  • SHRI Gulab Singh Tanwar DySP RETD FROM M.P. POLICE AND - POLICE MEDAL
  • Murari Prasad Singh, Commandant BSF, contingent commander of Indian contingent on UN Mission to East Timor from Hati, Distt-Saharsa (Bihar)
  • Mr. K.S.TANWAR,SI(Retd)BSF.

Social service, sports and others

  • Raja Ravendra Singh Tomar, Raja Saheb of Kayasthpada, Dhaulpur, a leading wildlife conservationist and nature photographer.[26][27][28][29][30]
  • Om Prakash Tanwar S/O Late Sh. Ram Swarup Singh, Kohar, Distt. Bhiwani, is the recipient of Dhyanchand Lifetime Achievement Award for volleyball from The President of India.
  • Sudhakar Vardhan Singh Tomar (Chairperson of World Pulses Convention and Agricultural commodities expert)
  • Ku. Alka Tomar - Arjun Award winner for female wrestling (belongs to Sisoli village, Meerut)
  • Mr.Nahar Singh Tanwar,Engg.Ericsson India Pvt.Ltd.Cochin
  • Mr.Praveen Singh Tomar,Engg.JSL LTD.,Hisar
  • Mr.Prasoon Tomar,Engg.JSL LTD.,Hisar
  • Mr. Omvir Singh Tanwar NRI,Japan, vill chitlang, distt. Mahender garh, haryana,India Since Nov.1996 lives in Japan till date. His Father Lt. Bhart Singh ex rajrif, brother Jogender singh ex Coast guard still Marchantize . Now start shipping corporation in Goa.
  • Honourer Capt. Arty. shri Chander singh Tanwar is from vill chitlang. distt. Mahender garh.Haryana, India

References

  1. ^ a b c A. F. Rudolf Hoernle. Some Problems of Ancient Indian History. No. III: The Gurjara Clans(Concluded from p. 662, October, 1904). Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25208724?seq=2. "Both this "leader" and the "lord" Rudrena must have been chiefs of minor divisions of the imperial Tomara clan of Gurjaras." 
  2. ^ Delhi by Upinder Singh, Berghahn Books, 2007, p201
  3. ^ A Pageant of India by Adolf Simon Waley, Houghton, 1927, p123
  4. ^ Essays on Indian Antiquities by James Prinsep, Edward Thomas, Henry Thoby Prinsep, J.Murray 1858, p250
  5. ^ Pre-Mussalman India by M. S. Nateson, Asian Educational Services 2000, p131
  6. ^ The cyclopædia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia by Edward Balfour, B. Quaritch 1885, p502
  7. ^ Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan by James Tod, William Crooke, 1920, p912
  8. ^ Essays on Indian Antiquities, Historic, Numismatic, and Palæographic, of the Late James Prinsep by James Prinsep, Edward Thomas, Henry Thoby Prinsep, Publ. J.Murray, 1858, p157
  9. ^ http://spreadsheets.google.com/ccc?key=rdDZUCSAbqMfDY94LLtIbhQ
  10. ^ Memoirs on the History, Folk-lore, and Distribution of the Races of the North Western Provinces of India by Henry Miers Elliot, John Beames, Trübner & co., 1869, p141
  11. ^ Handbook on Rajputs by A. H. Bingley, 1899, republ.1986, p84
  12. ^ a b c Handbook on Rajputs by A. H. Bingley, 1899, republ.1986, p85
  13. ^ The Sikhs, an Ethnology by A. E. Barstow, 1985, p129
  14. ^ Sûrya India publ. A.Anand, 1993, p53
  15. ^ The Jhelum Gazetteer 1907, Lahore Press, p254
  16. ^ "Recruiting, Drafting, and Enlisting (Military and Society, 1)"Peter Karsten, 1998, USA, p119
  17. ^ An Early Attestation of the Toponym Ḍhillī, by Richard J. Cohen, Journal of the American Oriental Society, 1989, p. 513-519
  18. ^ Hickey, William. The Tanjore Mahratta Principality in Southern India. Google books. http://books.google.com/books?id=sGFFQgzGUYIC&pg=PR19&dq=Anangpal+Iron+pillar&ei=1sAcSqKeKoGczQSAsKSyCQ. Retrieved 2009-05-26. 
  19. ^ http://uqconnect.net/~zzhsoszy/ips/n/nurpur.html
  20. ^ [1]
  21. ^ The encyclopædia britannica: a dictionary of arts, sciences, Volume 8‎ - Page 143
  22. ^ "http://uqconnect.net/~zzhsoszy/ips/d/dholpur.html"
  23. ^ <"http://www.archive.org/stream/imperialgazettee04hunt/imperialgazettee04hunt_djvu.txt"
  24. ^ "Imperial Gazzeteer of India"
  25. ^ http://www.ramapeer.org/
  26. ^ "http://www.thehindu.com/2008/08/10/stories/2008081060020700.htm"
  27. ^ "http://www.hinduonnet.com/2003/07/17/stories/2003071702781300.htm"
  28. ^ "http://www.thehindu.com/2008/08/10/stories/2008081054690700.htm"
  29. ^ "http://dholpur.nic.in/Dolphin.htm"
  30. ^ "http://www.indianjungles.com/020505i.htm"

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