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Tommaso Tittoni


In office
12 March 1905 – 28 March 1905
Monarch Victor Emmanuel III
Preceded by Giovanni Giolitti
Succeeded by Alessandro Fortis

Born 16 November 1855(1855-11-16)
Rome, Italy
Died 7 February 1931 (aged 75)
Political party Liberal-Conservative

Tommaso Tittoni (16 November 1855 – 7 February 1931) was an Italian diplomat, politician and Knight of the Annunziata.

Biography

Tommaso Tittoni was born in Rome, to which he returned in 1870, because his Father Vincenzo, a devotee of the Risorgimento, was forced in 1860 to flee the Papal States.

He studied law and, after graduating, entered into politics under the auspices of the right-wing politicians.

He was elected to the Chamber of Deputies from 1886 to 1897, and was himself selected as senator by Victor Emmanuel III in 1902. From 1898 to 1903 he served as prefect in Perugia until 1900, and later in Naples.

Foreign Minister of Italy from 1903 to 1905, was acting Prime Minister of Italy for only eleven days, from 16 March to 27 March 1905. Italian ambassador to London (February to May 1906), he returned Foreign Minister in the third cabinet Giolitti and then was Italian ambassador to Paris (April 1910 - November 1916). For the third time Foreign Minister in the Nitti government from 23 June 1919, he was at the same time head of the Italian delegation to the Paris Peace Conference until his resignation from the government on 25 November 1919. From 1 December 1919 to 21 January 1929 he was president of the Italian Senate of the Kingdom.

After the March on Rome, Tittoni supported Mussolini's Government and later became the first president of Accademia d'Italia (28 October 1929–16 September 1930), the most important cultural institution of the fascist dictatorship. On 8 April 1923 he had received the supreme honour of the knighthood of the Annunziata by King Victor Emmanuel.

Political offices
Preceded by
Giulio Prinetti
Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs
1903–1905
Succeeded by
Antonino Paternò-Castello
Preceded by
Giovanni Giolitti
Prime Minister of Italy (acting)
1905
Succeeded by
Alessandro Fortis
Preceded by
Giovanni Giolitti
Italian Minister of the Interior (acting)
1905
Succeeded by
Alessandro Fortis
Preceded by
Francesco Guicciardini
Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs
1906–1909
Succeeded by
Francesco Guicciardini
Preceded by
Sidney Sonnino
Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs
1919
Succeeded by
Vittorio Scialoja
Preceded by
Adeodato Bonasi
President of the Italian Senate
1919-1929
Succeeded by
Luigi Federzoni
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

"TOMMASO TITTONI (1855-), Italian statesman, was born in Rome 1855. His father, Vincenzo, a tenant farmer on a large scale at La Manziana, had taken part in the defence of the Roman Republic under Garibaldi in 1849, was exiled by Pius IX., and reentered Rome in 1870 through the breach of Porta Pia. Tommaso Tittoni was educated first at Naples, and subsequently at Oxford and Liege. He began his parliamentary career as deputy for Civitavecchia in 1886, sitting on the Right, but he resigned his seat in 1897, having been appointed prefect of Perugia; three years later he went to Naples in a similar capacity, and in 1902 he was raised to the Senate. When Giolitti became premier for the second time in 1903, Tittoni became his Foreign 141inister. He aimed at improving relations with Austria, and also tried to bring about a reconciliation with France; it was in fact under his auspices that President Loubet visited Rome. On the resignation of Giolitti in March 1905 Tittoni became interim premier for a few days and remained in the Fortis Cabinet as Foreign Minister. His proposal to reduce the duty on Spanish wines in connexion with an ItaloSpanish commercial treaty aroused a storm of indignation among the agricultural classes and caused the fall of the Cabinet on Dec. 24 1905; and although Fortis composed a new administration, Tittoni did not enter it. A few months later he was appointed ambassador in London (March 1906), but in May, on the fall of the Sonnino Cabinet and the return of Giolitti to power, he was again summoned to the Consulta. He continued the policy of improving relations with Austria, which did not contribute to his popularity; after the annexation of Bosnia and the Herzegovina his imprudently worded speech at Carate created the illusion that Italy was to be compensated, perhaps by the cession of the Trentino, and the disappointment when nothing of the kind materialized greatly weakened his prestige. He remained in office until the fall of Giolitti in Dec. 1909. In April of the following year he was appointed ambassador in Paris. When the World War broke out, in spite of his Triplicist policy he openly expressed himself in favour of Italian neutrality, and on Italy's entry into the war he was careful not to compromise himself with Giolitti's attitude. But he was not at his ease in the French capital and in Nov. 1916 he resigned from the Paris embassy. On the fall of the Orlando Cabinet in June 1919, the new Premier Nitti chose Tittoni as Foreign Minister and first delegate at the Peace Conference, but the severe strain of the work told on his health and he was forced to resign in November. He was chosen president of the Senate in Dec., and soon after was appointed Italian delegate on the Council and Assembly of the League of Nations, but ill-health again forced him to relinquish both appointments. In 1910 he had published a volume of speeches, which was translated into English, and in 1919 he brought out a work on political conflicts and constitutional reform.


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