Torchwood Institute: Wikis


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Torchwood logo
Torchwood logo, composed of hexagonal shapes arranged in the shape of the letter T. Other coloured versions occur - for example, a red version appears in the intertitle for Torchwood, and a blue version appears on the show's microsite.
Universe Whoniverse
Type Intelligence agency
Founded Scotland, 1879 by Queen Victoria
Location Various
Key people Queen Victoria
Yvonne Hartman[2]
Jack Harkness
Purpose Extraterrestrial research
Protecting Britain
Developing new technologies
Arming humanity for the future
Technologies Dimensional transporter
Particle gun
Large energy weapon
Weight negation clamps
Huon particles
And more...
Powers*** Torchwood is a vastly powerful organisation, as such it possesses:
  • Wealth to build skyscraper and underground complex as headquarters
  • Influence beyond Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and United Nations
  • Staff given "psychic training", described as "basic mental training, level 1" which includes "psi shielding" as a defence from[3] as well as utilisation of telepathy[4][5]
  • Vast array of alien technology and weaponry

The Torchwood Institute (usually referred to simply as Torchwood) is a fictional secret organisation from the British science fiction television series Doctor Who and its spin-off series Torchwood. Established by HM Queen Victoria in 1879, its prime purpose is to defend the earth against extraterrestrial threats. The Torchwood Institute begins, however, to use their findings to restore the British Empire to its former glory. To those ends, the organisation acquires and reverse engineers alien technology by any means deemed necessary. According to one of its base's directors, Yvonne Hartman, its nationalist attitude includes refusing to use metric units.[2]

While described as "beyond the United Nations",[1] the Torchwood Institute is known to cooperate with UNIT (the Unified Intelligence Taskforce, formerly known as the United Nations Intelligence Taskforce) to some extent.[6] There appears to have been some rapport with the Prime Minister[6] although this may not always be the case. Those who have come in contact with Torchwood primarily believe it to be a special forces team.[1][7] They appear to maintain this illusion by using false witnesses,[8] or by sectioning any journalists who threaten to expose the truth,[9] and via the use of memory altering drugs.[1] Following a major incident involving the Institute,[10] the stance of the organisation becomes much less confrontational and secretive.[11]



The phrase "Torchwood", an anagram of "Doctor Who", was used as the codename for the new 2005 series of Doctor Who while filming its first few episodes and on the 'rushes' tapes to ensure that they would not be intercepted.[12] At the end of the first series, Russell T Davies confirmed that the arc word for Series 2 would be an anagram which had been used before (the "Old Earth Torchwood Institute" had been mentioned in the episode "Bad Wolf").[13]

The Torchwood arc ran the length of the second series, either mentioned just in passing ("Rise of the Cybermen", "The Idiot's Lantern", "Fear Her"), or providing backstory about the Institute: its inception in 1879 ("Tooth and Claw"), its access to alien technology ("The Christmas Invasion"), and an expedition to a planet orbiting a black hole ("The Impossible Planet"/"The Satan Pit"), until the first contemporary appearance in "Army of Ghosts"/"Doomsday". Following the conclusion of the Torchwood arc, ancillary media and the Torchwood spin-off itself would contribute towards defining and expanding upon the Institute's fictional history.

Fictional history



The Institute was founded by Queen Victoria in 1879, following the events of the Doctor Who episode "Tooth and Claw".[14] While staying at Torchwood House, the Scottish estate of Sir Robert MacLeish, the Queen (Pauline Collins) was attacked by a werewolf, in reality an alien intelligence that planned to infect her with its consciousness by biting her. The werewolf was ultimately dispatched, thanks to the efforts of the Tenth Doctor (David Tennant) and the sacrifice of Sir Robert.

Having discovered that "Great Britain had enemies beyond imagination," Victoria decided to establish the Torchwood Institute in memory of Sir Robert. She also decided that the Doctor was dangerous, and declared that if he ever returned, Torchwood would be waiting. The Doctor's name was written into the Torchwood Foundation's charter as an enemy of the Crown. Her Majesty also states in the Torchwood Charter Dec 31st 1879 that "Torchwood is also to administer to the Government thereof in our name, and generally to act in our name and on our behalf, subject to such orders and regulations as Torchwood shall, from time to time, receive from us through one of our Principal Secretaries of State."[15] In 1882, Victoria expanded Torchwood's role to include the acquisition of alien technology, creating the policy that "if it's alien, it's ours".[16] In 1888, Victoria reiterated the secrecy policy of the Torchwood Institute, protecting her subjects from the "evils that [Torchwood] fight[s]". [17] Not long after the foundation of the Institute, a spacetime rift was identified in Cardiff and as a result, a smaller branch of the Institute (Torchwood Three) was formed there to monitor and exploit the Rift.[18]

Torchwood Cardiff agents Alice Guppy and Emily Holroyd in 1899

As shown in the episode "Fragments", Jack Harkness (John Barrowman) came to the attention of Torchwood Three in 1899, due to visiting the rift and talking about the Doctor. He was forced into working for the organisation. Captured by two female Torchwood agents -- Alice Guppy (Amy Manson) and Emily Holroyd (Heather Craney), Jack was subjected to torture and interrogation regarding the Doctor before being put to work for the Institute as a freelance agent for over a century. A few years later (1901), whilst this Harkness was in Torchwood's employ, Guppy and Charles Gaskell (Cornelius Macarthy) found and disinterred another Harkness on a different timeline, who instructs them to immediately cryofreeze and store him for 107 years to avoid him meeting his other self - they comply with his request.

Old Torchwood Logo

The activities of the Torchwood Institute during the 20th century have, for the most part, yet to be revealed. It is known that the organisation "flourished down the decades, becoming stronger" and grew "more arrogant."[19] Some insights into the World War I-era organisation (such as their progressive policies regarding women's civil rights) were offered in Torchwood episode "To the Last Man". Torchwood Three's progressive stance is also shown in the episode "Exit Wounds", where a black Torchwood member (possibly leader) called Charles Gaskell is shown in 1901, an era of widespread racial prejudice.

Other events in the twentieth century have attributable dates. At the time of the British Raj, Torchwood also maintained a branch in Delhi. This was shut down in 1924, Torchwood anticipating Indian independence; agent Jack Harkness was sent to recover all their artefacts.[20] In 1965, agent Jack Harkness was elected on behalf of the Institute (along with representatives of different government agencies) to facilitate the sacrifice of twelve children to aliens known as the 456 to save the planet at large.[21] In 1983, Torchwood became the sole proprietor of H.C. Clements, a security firm.[22] Torchwood One owned a holding facility which was then abandoned in the 1995.[23] In 1996 a "Jathar Sunglider" flew into British airspace and was shot down by Torchwood. From its remains, an energy weapon was installed in London.[2] On New Year's Eve 1999, the then-leader of Torchwood Three (named "Alex Hopkins" by the Torchwood website)[24] killed all the staff apart from Jack, ending with himself. He claimed that he was "saving" them, as the twenty-first century was when it all changed and humanity was not ready. Left in charge of Torchwood Three, Jack began severing the links with Torchwood One and their more aggressive policy on extraterrestrial life. Over the next few years, Jack recruited his own team; Suzie Costello (Indira Varma), Toshiko Sato (Naoko Mori), and Dr Owen Harper (Burn Gorman).[25]

By 2006, the existence of Torchwood was apparently a secret known only to the British military and police. Torchwood's activities during the time the Third Doctor was exiled to earth (during either the 1970s or 1980s depending upon one's point of view) have yet to be revealed. Knowledge of Torchwood was supposedly kept even from Prime Minister Harriet Jones (Penelope Wilton) and the United Nations. However, Jones did know about its existence anyway, and ordered Major Richard Blake (Chu Omambala) of UNIT to prepare Torchwood for the impending arrival of the Sycorax on Christmas Day.[26] On the command of Prime Minister Harriet Jones, Torchwood used the Jathar Sunglider weapon to destroy a Sycorax ship on Christmas Day 2006.[26]


The Doctor discovered the existence of Torchwood in the 2006 series' two-part finale, "Army of Ghosts" and "Doomsday" set in 2007.[2][10] At this time, Torchwood operated software which blocked access to Internet searches about UFO activity ("School Reunion"). The TARDISODE for "Army of Ghosts" showed Torchwood agents abducting a journalist who was investigating the Institute and arranging to admit him to a psychiatric institution.

While investigating the manifestation of "ghosts" on Earth, the Doctor traced their origin back to Torchwood Tower, known publicly as One Canada Square, where Yvonne Hartman (Tracy-Ann Oberman) placed the Doctor in custody and confiscated the TARDIS. To Torchwood, the Doctor was a source of vast information and familiarity with alien technology which they could exploit to further the organisation's aims.

The interior of the Torchwood Tower, as seen in "Army of Ghosts".

Torchwood Tower had been built to reach a spatial breach 660 feet above sea level. Unbeknownst to Torchwood, the breach had been caused by the entrance into the universe of a "void ship", a vessel designed to travel through the void between parallel universes. Torchwood had been conducting experiments on the breach, in an attempt to harness its energy and reduce Britain's reliance on Middle Eastern oil, but these experiments had caused the breach to widen. The "ghosts" turned out to be Cybermen from an alternate universe, which were using the widening breach to travel between universes. A small advance force of Cybermen infiltrated Torchwood, upgrading or subverting Torchwood personnel, before eventually seizing control and opening the breach wide enough for ghost-like creatures around the world to manifest fully as millions of Cybermen.

However, the void ship was nothing to do with the Cybermen, and had in fact been created by the Daleks (voiced by Nicholas Briggs), four of whom had used it to escape the Time War. Caught between warring Daleks and Cybermen, many Torchwood workers were either killed, or "upgraded" by the Cybermen (including Hartman herself—although she retained some semblance of her identity). It is known that in the wake of these events, referred to as the "Battle of Canary Wharf", the Institute feels it must "learn by heart" a lesson about its own arrogance.[19] It was later revealed that the London branch of Torchwood, referred to as Torchwood One, lost 796 members of staff and was ultimately ordered to close by Queen Elizabeth II.[27]

In "The Runaway Bride", it is revealed that the London-based security firm "H. C. Clements" (which employed secretary Donna Noble (Catherine Tate), who inexplicably materialised in the TARDIS just as she was about to get married) was a front company for the Torchwood Institute.[22] On a restricted basement level of the company situated beneath the Thames Barrier was a secret laboratory which the Institute used to recreate ancient "Huon particles". Over a period of months, H. C. Clements' Human Resources Manager, Lance Bennett (Don Gilet), had courted and poisoned Donna with Huon particles, intending to sacrifice her to the Empress of the Racnoss (Sarah Parish). It would appear that Lance was not acting on behalf of the Institute, and the lab was in disuse since the Battle of Canary Wharf and the Queen's official closure of Torchwood One.

In 2007, following Torchwood One's closure, Torchwood Three leader Captain Jack Harkness allows former Torchwood One researcher Ianto Jones (Gareth David-Lloyd) to his team, and is no longer working under the authority of the headquarters in London; he is the de facto leader of the entire organisation. This team would work together until later the same year, when the hiring of policewoman Gwen Cooper (Eve Myles) coincided with the suicide of second-in-command Suzie Costello.

In "The Sound of Drums", Jack indicates to the Doctor that with Torchwood One gone, fewer than ten staff remain (between Wales and Scotland). He mentions that he rebuilt the Institute "in the Doctor's honour", with a new regime and a less aggressive stance. Outside the Institute's small workforce, journalists such as Vivien Rook (Nichola McAuliffe) of The Sunday Mirror investigate controversial figures such as Harold Saxon (John Simm) on behalf of the Institute. Saxon sent Torchwood Three on a 'wild goose chase' to the Himalayas to prevent them from helping Jack or the Doctor.[11]

Torchwood Three later fought against the Daleks in their second invasion of Earth. Torchwood used the rift to make contact with the Doctor. Although they were incapacitated in the main battle, thanks to a time lock created by Tosh that prevented them from escaping the Hub, Torchwood Three made a contribution to the Earth's return to the solar system by putting a lasso of temporal energy around the Earth with the help of K-9 (voiced by John Leeson) and Mr Smith (voiced by Alexander Armstrong), allowing the planet to be towed by the TARDIS.

Sometime prior to the 456 incident, Torchwood Two had closed down. Torchwood Three was the only force on Earth posed to combat the threat of the 456 invasion. However, Home Office Permanent Secretary John Frobisher (Peter Capaldi) ordered the assassination of remaining Torchwood agents Harkness, Cooper and Jones to cover up the UK's history with the aliens. On receiving communication from the 456, the government orders the assassination of all Torchwood Three staff to stop them interfering with the operation. While they evade assassination, Jones dies in the line of duty and Harkness abandons the planet after having to kill his grandson.

The future

In 2012, Torchwood is public enough to be mentioned in a television broadcast during the London 2012 Olympics.[28] In the novel The Twilight Streets, a potential future Torchwood Institute is shown to Torchwood Three by Bilis Manger (although as with all spin-off media, the canonicity of this remains unclear). In this future, Torchwood is no longer a private organisation and has branches all across the New British Empire (a dream once held by Torchwood). At the centre of the organisation's new image is the Cardiff branch, a new building in the centre of the city. The Rift Manipulator has been moved to the new building and has been plugged into a permanently comatose Jack Harkness, whose immortality allows the Rift to be held open safely, thus allowing two-way travel. The radio drama "Asylum" also suggests that Torchwood might gain control over the Rift in the near future, using it to send a half-alien girl back to the present day.

In the 42nd century, the Torchwood Archives sent a group of explorers to investigate a mysterious power source that kept a planet in stable orbit around a black hole.[29][30] By the 2002nd century, the Great Cobalt Pyramid has been built on the ruins of the Torchwood Institute.[31]

Parallel universe

In "Rise of the Cybermen", a parallel Earth Torchwood Institute is referred to.[32] It is public enough for a survey carried out by it to be reported in a news item, and for someone to be publicly asked about their work there. Prior to "Army of Ghosts", a group led by Pete Tyler (and including Jake Simmonds and Mickey Smith), which worked for the alternate world's People's Republic, took over the parallel Earth Torchwood. The people of this alternate universe discovered what was going on at Torchwood and it became a re-developed organisation run in full view of the public.[10]

In "Doomsday", it is revealed that the parallel Earth Torchwood had also been conducting experiments on the spatial breach, which led (between "The Age of Steel" and "Army of Ghosts") to it being infiltrated by the Cybermen, who used the breach to travel to Rose's universe. Following the events of "Doomsday", Rose Tyler, confined to the alternate world, goes on to work for the reformed organisation.[10] From this accelerated parallel universe, Rose's Torchwood becomes aware of Davros's reality bomb and, given that it has broken the barriers between universes in her time, she is sent first in "Turn Left" to right an alternate timeline in which the Doctor has been killed, and later in "The Stolen Earth" to defend London and find the Doctor as Davros's plot is acted out in the Doctor's reality. She is followed shortly by Mickey and Jackie, armed with Torchwood-developed anti-Dalek weaponry, in "Journey's End".

Divisions of Torchwood

  • Torchwood Cardiff
  • Torchwood Glasgow

Closed or missing

  • Torchwood Head Office (London)
  • Torchwood Four
  • Torchwood India

Torchwood One, London

One Canada Square, the hidden location of Torchwood One.

Torchwood One was Torchwood's head office[33] and operated out of Torchwood Tower, located within One Canada Square, the tallest of the three Canary Wharf skyscrapers, although it carried out operations across London, including beneath the Thames Barrier and through front organizations such as "H. C. Clements".[22] Torchwood One also owned a Torchwood Holding Facility which was then abandoned in 1995.[23] To those that have come in contact with Torchwood, they are primarily believed to be a special forces team.The beam which destroyed the Sycorax ship was fired from five different locations around London, suggesting a number of properties are owned by Torchwood One in the area. The tower installations were destroyed during the events of "Doomsday". According to the Torchwood website, there were 823 members of staff, of which only 27 were known to have survived. In the wake of the "Battle of Canary Wharf", Her Majesty ordered the immediate closure of Torchwood One.[27] Some of the notable employees included:

Torchwood Two, Glasgow

All that is known about the Glasgow division of the Torchwood Institute is that what is described as a "very strange man" works there and that it is presumably active.[1] In the novel The Twilight Streets, Jack contacts the "very strange man" whose name is revealed as Archie. As with all spin-off media, the canonicity of this remains unclear. An email shown in part one of Children of Earth suggests that Torchwood Two disbanded some time before the events of the 456, and that Torchwood Three is the only branch remaining.

Torchwood Three, Cardiff

Roald Dahl Plass, the exterior of Torchwood Three.

Torchwood Three, whose base is also known as the Hub, primarily serves as a monitoring station for the Cardiff spacetime Rift.[33] Whereas the London branch is originally staffed by hundreds of individuals, the Cardiff branch is considerably smaller and only employs a small team of experts, hired by Captain Jack[35] and is described as a "renegade outpost".[19] It is located beneath Roald Dahl Plass, and may be entered via an "invisible lift" in the Plass, or through a run-down Tourist Information Centre nearby. Torchwood Three is the setting of the eponymous Torchwood series. It is said by Jack Harkness that the Cardiff Branch has nothing to do with London and that all links were severed.

At the end of series three, the future of Torchwood is unclear, with the Hub destroyed, and Gwen Cooper being the only remaining member.

Some notable employees include:

† denotes personnel confirmed as deceased.
* denotes personnel who have previously appeared in Doctor Who before being revealed as or joining as Torchwood personnel.

Torchwood Four, location unknown

Torchwood Four is described as "missing".[1] It is not specified how this happened or where it may previously have been located before its disappearance. Captain Jack stated they would find it some day. In the novel The Twilight Streets Jack says in 1941 that Torchwood Four was still missing.

Torchwood India, Delhi

An Indian branch of Torchwood introduced in the radio play "Golden Age". Torchwood India was founded by Queen Victoria to find alien technology in the British Raj. It was led by Eleanor, Duchess of Melrose, who maintained the branch's cover as a gentlemen's club named the Royal Connaught Club. It was closed down by Captain Jack in 1924, when Torchwood realised the Raj was coming to an end, and all their alien equipment was taken to Britain. In 2009, Jack and Torchwood Three trace an alien energy field to the site of Torchwood India, and discover Eleanor and the other Torchwood India agents are using a time store to prevent time passing in the Royal Connaught Club. The store is powered by taking people's potential futures, killing them. Torchwood Three prevent the Duchess's plan to turn the whole planet back to 1924, resulting in the time store overloading. The club members refuse to leave before the building is frozen in time. [20]

Cultural impact

Due to the popularity of Doctor Who and Torchwood, Torchwood has had an influence on popular culture. On the heels of being featured in Torchwood, Cardiff has become one of the most popular tourist destinations in the UK, in particular, the Wales Millennium Centre, with a resident commenting that tourists often jump on the paving slab that was used as the "magic lift" in the series.[39] In January 2008, such was the popularity of Torchwood that being near the "Torchwood Tower" was used in advertising for local property.[40] A January 2009 article comments on the attraction the Torchwood 'Hub' has brought to the Wales Millennium Centre, as Minister for Heritage Alun Ffred Jones announced that resultingly, "The Wales Millennium Centre building itself is now established as a symbol of modern Welsh culture."[41]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Everything Changes". Russell T Davies, Brian Kelly. Torchwood. BBC Three. 2006-08-22.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Army of Ghosts". Russell T Davies, Graeme Harper. Doctor Who. BBC. 2006-08-07.
  3. ^ "Safe handling of alien objects" (JPG). Torchwood Institute External Hub Interface. Retrieved 2006-12-24. 
  4. ^ "Pamela's Brain (pamphlet)" (PNG). Torchwood Institute External Hub Interface. Retrieved 2006-12-24. 
  5. ^ "Instant messenger transcript". Torchwood Institute External Hub Interface. Retrieved 2006-12-24. 
  6. ^ a b "Greeks Bearing Gifts". Russell T Davies, Toby Whithouse, Colin Teague. Torchwood. BBC Three. 2006-11-26.
  7. ^ "Day One". Russell T Davies, Brian Kelly. Torchwood. BBC Three. 2006-08-22.
  8. ^ "False witness list". Torchwood External Hub Interface. BBC. 
  9. ^ TARDISODE 12 - Army of Ghosts. [Real Media]. BBC. 
  10. ^ a b c d "Doomsday". Russell T Davies, Graeme Harper. Doctor Who. BBC. 2006-07-08.
  11. ^ a b "The Sound of Drums". Russell T Davies, Colin Teague. Doctor Who. BBC. 2007-07-23.
  12. ^ "Doctor Who spin-off made in Wales". BBC News. 17 October 2005. 
  13. ^ Shaun Lyon (2005-08-15). "Casting Plus Other News and Rumors". Outpost Gallifrey. Retrieved 2007-05-28. 
  14. ^ "Tooth and Claw". Russell T Davies, Euros Lyn. Doctor Who. BBC. 2006-04-22.
  15. ^ "Children of Earth, "Day One"". Russell T Davies, Euros Lyn. Torchwood. BBC. 2009-07-06.
  16. ^ "Queen Victoria's speech, July 1882". Torchwood Institute External Hub Interface. Retrieved 2007-01-23. 
  17. ^ "Queen Victoria on secrecy, December 1888". Torchwood Institute External Hub Interface. Retrieved 2007-01-23. 
  18. ^ "The Rift". Torchwood Institute External Hub Interface. Retrieved 2006-12-24. 
  19. ^ a b c "Welcome to Torchwood". Torchwood Institute External Hub Interface. Retrieved 2006-12-24. 
  20. ^ a b "Golden Age", writer James Goss, director Kate McAll, producers Kate McAll and Brian Minchen. Torchwood (Cardiff: BBC)
  21. ^ "Children of Earth, "Day Four"". Russell T Davies, John Fay, Euros Lyn. Torchwood. BBC. 2009-07-09.
  22. ^ a b c "The Runaway Bride". Russell T Davies, Euros Lyn. Doctor Who. BBC. 2006-12-25.
  23. ^ a b "Children of Earth, "Day Three"". Russell T Davies, James Moran, Euros Lyn. Torchwood. BBC. 2009-07-08.
  24. ^ "Torchwood - Episodes". BBC. Retrieved 2009-03-02. 
  25. ^ a b "Fragments". Writer Chris Chibnall, Director Jonathan Fox Bassett, Executive producers Julie Gardner and Russell T Davies. Torchwood. BBC, Cardiff. 21 March 2008.
  26. ^ a b "The Christmas Invasion". Russell T Davies, James Hawes. Doctor Who. BBC. 2005-12-25.
  27. ^ a b "Report: Closure of Torchwood One". Torchwood Institute External Hub Interface. Archived from the original on 2007-08-24. Retrieved 2006-12-24. 
  28. ^ "Fear Her". Russell T Davies, Matthew Graham, Euros Lyn. Doctor Who. BBC. 2006-06-24.
  29. ^ "The Impossible Planet". Russell T Davies, Matt Jones, James Strong. Doctor Who. BBC. 2006-06-03.
  30. ^ "The Satan Pit". Russell T Davies, Matt Jones, James Strong. Doctor Who. BBC. 2006-06-10.
  31. ^ "Bad Wolf". Russell T Davies, Joe Ahearne. Doctor Who. BBC. 2005-06-18.
  32. ^ "Rise of the Cybermen". Russell T Davies, Tom MacRae, Graeme Harper. Doctor Who. BBC. 2006-05-13.
  33. ^ a b "Transcript - online counselling session". Torchwood Institute External Hub Interface. Retrieved 2006-12-24. 
  34. ^ a b "Cyberwoman". Writer Chris Chibnall, Director James Strong, Producer Richard Strokes and Chris Chibnall. Torchwood. BBC, Cardiff. 5 November 2006.
  35. ^ BBC Press Office (2006-11-03). "Torchwood pushes all the right buttons for Naoko". Press release. Retrieved 2006-11-04. 
  36. ^ "Psych evaluation". Torchwood Institute External Hub Interface. Retrieved 2006-12-24. 
  37. ^ A set of episodes, starting with "Reset", and continuing with "Dead Man Walking" and "A Day in the Death", focused specifically on an undead Owen trying to accommodate as such.
  38. ^ "A new face for Torchwood and a new look for Martha". 2007-08-15. Retrieved 2007-08-15. 
  39. ^ "Time lord tourism boost for city". 2007-03-15. 
  40. ^ "Buyers snap up Quayside apartments". Western Mail. 2008-01-12. Retrieved 2008-01-12. 
  41. ^ Hutchinson, Clare (2009-01-30). "Visitor numbers to Wales Millennium Centre soar". South Wales Echo. Retrieved 2009-01-31. 

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