Toronto Centre: Wikis

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Toronto Centre
Flag of Ontario.svg Ontario electoral district
Toronto Centre.png


'Toronto Centre in relation to other Toronto ridings

Federal electoral district
Legislature House of Commons
MP       Bob Rae
Liberal
District created 1933
First contested 1935
Last contested 2008
District webpage profile, map
Demographics
Population (2006) 121,407
Electors (2007) 84,898
Area (km²) 14
Pop. density (per km²) 8,671.9
Census divisions Toronto
Census subdivisions Toronto
Map of Toronto Centre

Toronto Centre is a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada, that has been represented in the Canadian House of Commons from 1872 to 1925, and since 1935, under the names Centre Toronto (1872–1903), Toronto Centre (1903–1925, and since 2004), Rosedale (1935–1997) and Toronto Centre—Rosedale (1997–2004).

Toronto Centre covers the heart of downtown Toronto. The riding contains notable areas such as Rosedale (one of Canada's wealthiest enclaves), Regent Park (Canada's first and largest social housing development), St. Jamestown (a largely immigrant area and the most densely populated neighbourhood in Canada), Cabbagetown, Church and Wellesley (Canada's largest gay community), the eastern portion of the University of Toronto and most of the city's financial district.

Historically, the riding was one of the few in central Toronto where the Progressive Conservatives usually did well. The PCs held the riding for all but 24 years from 1935 to 1993. Since 1993, as has been the case with other Toronto ridings, the Liberal Party has dominated the riding, and it is now considered one of the safest Liberal ridings in Canada. The Conservative Party of Canada has become the second party in the riding as of the 2008 General Election.

In the Canadian House of Commons, the riding is represented by Liberal Bob Rae as of the federal by-elections of March 17, 2008.

Its members of Toronto City Council are Pam McConnell and Kyle Rae. Kyle Rae is not related to Bob Rae.

Contents

2008 federal general election

On September 21, 2008, Conservative candidate Chris Reid resigned because he couldn't commit to four years in government; However, recent discovery found that blog entries that linked him to controversial musings on guns and the recent murder of Tim McLean aboard a Greyhound bus. [1] Chris Reid was replaced by David Gentili as the Conservative candidate for Toronto Centre.[2]

2008 federal by-election

A by-election, held on March 17, 2008 to fill a vacancy created by the resignation of Bill Graham was won by Liberal Bob Rae, a former Ontario NDP Premier .

The nominated Conservative candidate in the byelection, Mark Warner, was dropped by the party's national council on October 31, 2007[3]. Don Meredith was nominated as the Conservative candidate in December 2007[4].

Activist El-Farouk Khaki ran for the NDP and Chris Tindal ran for the Green Party of Canada candidate. Liz White was the Animal Alliance Environmental Voters Party of Canada candidate, and Doug Plumb represented the Canadian Action Party.

Federal electoral district

Centre Toronto riding was first created in 1872 from portions of West Toronto and East Toronto. In 1903, the name was changed to Toronto Centre. In 1924, the riding was broken into Toronto East Centre, Toronto West Centre and Toronto South.

A riding covering much the same area was created in 1933 named "Rosedale" after the wealthy neighbourhood of Rosedale. This riding was replaced with "Toronto Centre—Rosedale" in 1996, but the quickly-growing population resulted in large areas being shaved off on all sides. In 2003, Toronto Centre—Rosedale was abolished, and a new riding somewhat to the east was created named "Toronto Centre".

Each of the four major national political parties (the Liberal Party, the Conservative Party, the Green Party, and the NDP), have active federal and provincial riding associations which act as the local party organizations in the riding. Most contests, however, are between the Liberals and NDP.

Demographics

According to the Canada 2001 Census

Ethnic groups: 57.9% White, 9.1% Black, 8.6% South Asian, 8.3% Chinese, 5.2% Filipino, 1.9% Korean, 1.9% Southeast Asian, Latin American 1.8%, Arab 1.1%.
Languages: 58.5% English, 3.1% French, 36.6% Other, 1.8% Multiple languages
Religions: 25.8% Catholic, 22.0% Protestant, 7.6% Muslim, 4.7% Other Christian , 3.9% Hindu, 3.1% Jewish, 3.0% Christian Orthodox, 2.3% Buddhist, 26.8% No religious affiliation
Average income: $52,484

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Members of Parliament

These ridings have elected the following Members of Parliament:

Parliament Years Member Party
West Toronto and East Toronto prior to 1872
Centre Toronto
2nd 1872-1874     Robert Wilkes Liberal
3rd 1874-1875
1875-1878     John Macdonald Independent Liberal
4th 1878-1882     Robert Hay Liberal
5th 1882-1887
6th 1887-1891     George Cockburn Conservative
7th 1891-1896
8th 1896-1897     William Lount Liberal
1897-1900     G.H. Bertram Liberal
9th 1900-1904     William Brock Conservative
Toronto Centre
10th 1904-1905     E. F. Clarke Conservative
1905-1908     Edmund Bristol Conservative
11th 1908-1911
12th 1911-1917
13th 1917-1921
14th 1921-1925
see Toronto East Centre, Toronto West Centre and Toronto South for 1924-1933
Rosedale
18th 1935-1940     Harry Gladstone Clarke Conservative
19th 1940-1945     Harry Jackman National Government/Progressive Conservative
20th 1945-1949
21st 1949-1953     Charles Henry Liberal
22nd 1953-1957
23rd 1957-1958     David James Walker Progressive Conservative
24th 1958-1962
25th 1962-1963     Donald Stovel Macdonald Liberal
26th 1963-1965
27th 1965-1968
28th 1968-1972
29th 1972-1974
30th 1974-1978
1978-1979     David Crombie Progressive Conservative
31st 1979-1980
32nd 1980-1984
33rd 1984-1988
34th 1988-1993     David MacDonald Progressive Conservative
35th 1993-1997     Bill Graham Liberal
Toronto Centre—Rosedale
36th 1997-2000     Bill Graham Liberal
37th 2000-2004
Toronto Centre
38th 2004-2006     Bill Graham Liberal
39th 2006-2007
2008     Bob Rae Liberal

Former boundaries

Federal election results

Toronto Centre

Canadian federal election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
     Liberal Bob Rae 27,577 53.6% -5.6% $49,548
     Conservative David Gentili 9,405 18.3% +5.8% $23,136
     New Democrat El-Farouk Khaki 7,744 15.1% +1.3% $21,750
     Green Ellen Michelson 6,081 11.8% -1.8% $23,194
     Communist Johan Boyden 193 0.4% +0.2%** $432
     Animal Alliance Liz White 187 0.4% -0.1% $686
     Independent Gerald Derome 155 0.3% n/a $2,100
     Marxist-Leninist Philip Fernandez 92 0.2% +0.09%**
Total valid votes/Expense limit 51,434 100% $92,068
Total rejected ballots
Turnout 59.2%

**as compared to the 2006 General Election

By-election on March 17, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Bob Rae 14,187 59.2% +7.0%
     New Democrat El-Farouk Khaki 3,299 13.8% -9.9%
     Green Chris Tindal 3,263 13.6% +8.4%
     Conservative Donald Meredith 2,982 12.5% -5.7%
     Animal Alliance Liz White 123 0.5% +0.4%
     Canadian Action Doug Plumb 97 0.4%
     Liberal hold Swing +8.5%
Canadian federal election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Bill Graham 30,874 52.2% +4.3%
     New Democrat Michael Shapcott 14,036 23.7% 0.0%
     Conservative Lewis Reford 10,763 18.2% +3.4%
     Green Chris Tindal 3,080 5.2% +1.3%
     Communist Johan Boyden 120 0.2% 0.0%
     Not affiliated Michel Prairie 101 0.2% 0.0%
     Animal Alliance Liz White 72 0.1%
     Marxist-Leninist Philip Fernandez 66 0.1% 0.0%
     Liberal hold Swing -2.1%
2004 federal election : Toronto Centre edit
Party Candidate Votes % Expenditures
     Liberal Bill Graham 30,336 56.53%
     New Democrat Michael Shapcott 12,747 23.75%
     Conservative Megan Harris 7,936 14.78%
     Green Gabriel Draven 2,097 3.90%
     Marijuana Jay Wagner 313 0.58%
     Communist Dan Goldstick 106 0.19%
     Marxist-Leninist Philip Fernandez 65 0.12%
     Canadian Action Kevin Peck 63 0.11%

Note: Conservative vote is compared to the total of the Canadian Alliance vote and Progressive Conservative vote in 2000 election.

Toronto Centre—Rosedale

Canadian federal election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Bill Graham 26,264 55.27% +6.08%
     Progressive Conservative Randall Pearce 8,150 17.15% -2.13%
     New Democrat David Berlin 5,398 11.36% -9.22%
     Canadian Alliance Richard Walker 5,057 10.64% +2.83%
     Canadian Action Paul Hellyer 1,466 3.09% +2.44%
     Marijuana Neev Tapiero 722 1.52%
     Natural Law David Gordon 224 0.47% -0.11%
     Communist Dan Goldstick 121 0.25%
     Marxist-Leninist Philip Fernandez 116 0.24% -0.11%
Total valid votes 47,518 100%

Note: Canadian Alliance vote is compared to the Reform vote in 1997 election.

Canadian federal election, 1997
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Bill Graham 22,945 49.19% -0.80%
     New Democrat David MacDonald 9,597 20.58% +9.80%
     Progressive Conservative Stephen Probyn 8,993 19.28% -1.96%
     Reform John Stewart 3,646 7.82% -4.65%
     Green Jim Harris 577 1.24% +0.30%
     Canadian Action Anthony Robert Pedrette 303 0.65%
     Natural Law Ron Parker 270 0.58% -1.01%
     Marxist-Leninist Steve Rutchinski 166 0.36% +0.25%
     Independent Ted W. Culp 145 0.31%
Total valid votes 46,642 100%

Rosedale

Canadian federal election, 1993
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Bill Graham 25,726 50.00% +8.78%
     Progressive Conservative David MacDonald 10,930 21.24% -20.12%
     Reform Daniel Jovkovic 6,413 12.46%
     New Democrat Jack Layton 5,547 10.78% -4.28%
     National Martin Lanigan 1,091 2.12%
     Natural Law Doug Henning 817 1.59%
     Green Leslie Hunter 483 0.94% +0.22%
     Not affiliated Linda Dale Gibbons 350 0.68%
     Marxist-Leninist Steve Rutchinski 57 0.11%
     Abolitionist Yann Patrice D'Audibert Garcien 40 0.08%
Total valid votes 51,454 100%
Canadian federal election, 1988
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Progressive Conservative David MacDonald 22,704 41.36% -11.44%
     Liberal Bill Graham 22,624 41.21% +15.08%
     New Democrat Doug Wilson 8,266 15.06% -2.77%
     Libertarian Chris Blatchly 411 0.75% +0.09%
     Green Frank de Jong 397 0.72% -1.14%
     Rhino Liane McLarty 265 0.48%
     Independent Mike Constable 102 0.19%
     Independent Harry Margel 91 0.17%
     Commonwealth Paul Therrien 33 0.06% -0.27%
Total valid votes 54,893 100%
Canadian federal election, 1984
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Progressive Conservative David Crombie 23,211 52.80% +8.84%
     Liberal Bill Graham 11,488 26.13% -12.95%
     New Democrat Dell Wolfson 7,836 17.82% +2.97%
     Green Shirley Ruth Farlinger 821 1.87%
     Libertarian Clarke Slemon 291 0.66% +0.30%
     Communist Sylvie Baillargeon 172 0.39% +0.17%
     Commonwealth David Dube 144 0.33%
Total valid votes 43,963 100%
Canadian federal election, 1980
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Progressive Conservative David Crombie 16,862 43.96% -3.30%
     Liberal Anne Cools 14,993 39.08% +6.08%
     New Democrat Jim Hockley 5,698 14.85% -2.69%
     Rhino Geoff Yates 319 0.83%
     Libertarian Harry J. Nelson 140 0.36% -0.41%
     Independent Frank Sommers 125 0.33%
     Not affiliated Ann Ladas 104 0.27%
     Communist Dan Goldstick 85 0.22% +0.02%
     Marxist-Leninist Alan Miller 34 0.09% +0.01%
Total valid votes 38,360 100%
Canadian federal election, 1979
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Progressive Conservative David Crombie 18,594 47.26% -10.69%
     Liberal Anne Cools 12,987 47.26% -10.69%
     New Democrat Ron B. Thomson 6,902 17.54% +8.24%
     Libertarian Alex W. Eaglesham 305 0.78%
     Independent Hans Blumenfeld 196 0.50%
     Not affiliated Ann Ladas 176 0.45%
     Communist Dan Goldstick 80 0.20% -0.17%
     Independent Joanne Pritchard 49 0.12%
     Marxist-Leninist Alan Miller 32 0.08%
     Independent Sean Howes 27 0.07%
Total valid votes 39,348 100%
By-election on October 16, 1978
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Progressive Conservative David Crombie 18,732 57.95% +17.68%
     Liberal John Robert Evans 10,114 31.29% -17.84%
     New Democrat Ron B. Thomson 3,008 9.31% -0.06%
     Independent Donald M. Campbell 196 0.61%
     Independent Linda Cain 155 0.48%
     Communist Dan Goldstick 120 0.37% -0.02%
Total valid votes 32,325 100%
Canadian federal election, 1974
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Donald Stovel Macdonald 17,227 49.13% +5.11%
     Progressive Conservative Hal Jackman 14,119 40.27% -0.42%
     New Democrat Maurice Desjardins 3,285 9.37% -3.22%
     Independent Marshall Bruce Evoy 220 0.63%
     Communist Dan Goldstick 136 0.39%
     Marxist-Leninist Vern Harper 75 0.21%
Total valid votes 35,062 100%
Canadian federal election, 1972
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Donald Stovel Macdonald 16,073 44.02% -13.40%
     Progressive Conservative Warren Beamish 14,856 40.69% +11.44%
     New Democrat Ron Sabourin 4,598 12.59% +0.26%
     Independent Aline Gregory 892 2.44%
     Not affiliated David Starbuck 95 0.26%
Total valid votes 36,514 100%
Canadian federal election, 1968
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Donald Stovel Macdonald 19,011 57.42% +12.58%
     Progressive Conservative Bob Bradley 9,683 29.25% -5.16%
     New Democrat John Chamard 4,083 12.33% -8.41%
     Communist F. Nelson Clarke 183 0.55%
     Independent Fred Reiner (New Canada Party) 148 0.45%
Total valid votes 33,108 100%
Canadian federal election, 1965
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Donald Stovel Macdonald 9,757 44.84% -10.03%
     Progressive Conservative Hal Jackman 7,487 34.41% +5.38%
     New Democrat Harding E. Bishop 4,514 20.75% +5.67%
Total valid votes 21,758 100%
Canadian federal election, 1963
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Donald Stovel Macdonald 12,860 54.87% +12.06%
     Progressive Conservative Hal Jackman 6,803 29.03% -11.29%
     New Democrat Harding E. Bishop 3,534 15.08% -0.79%
     Social Credit George Leslie 240 1.02% +0.02%
Total valid votes 23,437 100%
Canadian federal election, 1962
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Donald Stovel Macdonald 10,191 42.81% +16.54%
     Progressive Conservative David J. Walker 9,597 40.31% -22.89%
     New Democrat Desmond Sparham 3,778 15.87% +5.34%
     Social Credit John David Brunne 240 1.01%
Total valid votes 23,806 100%

Note: NDP vote is compared to CCF vote in 1958 election.

Canadian federal election, 1958
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Progressive Conservative David J. Walker 15,429 63.21% +8.93%
     Liberal Tom O'Neill 6,412 26.27% -4.87%
     Co-operative Commonwealth Tom McAulay 2,570 10.53% -2.75%
Total valid votes 24,411 100%
Canadian federal election, 1957
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Progressive Conservative David J. Walker 12,415 54.28% +14.57%
     Liberal Charles Henry 7,122 31.14% -10.06%
     Co-operative Commonwealth Tom McAulay 3,038 13.28% -4.36%
     Social Credit Harvey Jamieson 299 1.31%
Total valid votes 22,874 100%
Canadian federal election, 1953
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Charles Henry 8,702 41.20% +1.35%
     Progressive Conservative David J. Walker 8,386 39.70% +2.23%
     Co-operative Commonwealth Dudley Bristow 3,727 17.64% -5.04%
     Labour-Progressive Janet M. Clark 308 1.46%
Total valid votes 21,123 100%
Canadian federal election, 1949
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Charles Henry 10,835 39.84% +10.85%
     Progressive Conservative Harry Jackman 10,189 37.47% -11.37%
     Co-operative Commonwealth Dudley Bristow 6,170 22.69% +4.69%
Total valid votes 27,194 100%

Note: Progressive Conservative vote is compared to "National Government" vote in 1945 election.

Canadian federal election, 1945
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Progressive Conservative Harry Jackman 11,784 48.84% +3.38%
     Liberal William Kearns 6,997 29.00% -20.80%
     Co-operative Commonwealth David Cass-Beggs 4,342 17.99% +13.25%
     Labour-Progressive John Weir 1,006 4.17%
Total valid votes 24,129 100%

Note: Progressive Conservative vote is compared to "National Government" vote in 1940 election.

Canadian federal election, 1940
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     National Government Harry Jackman 12,519 52.36% +12.1%
     Liberal J. Louis Shannon 10,399 43.49% +8.25%
     Co-operative Commonwealth Norah Dymond 991 4.14% -5.52%
Total valid votes 23,909 100%

Note: "National Government" vote is compared to Conservative vote in 1935 election.

Canadian federal election, 1935
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Conservative Harry Clarke 9,491 40.26% -13.62%
     Liberal George Alexander Urquhart 8,306 35.24% -10.88%
     Co-operative Commonwealth William Dennison 2,765 11.73%
     Reconstruction Bert Watts 2,277 9.66%
     Communist Samuel Scarlett 733 3.11%
Total valid votes 23,572 100%

Toronto Centre

Canadian federal election, 1921
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Conservative Edmund Bristol 5,985 53.88% -20.57%
     Liberal Norman McEachren 5,123 46.12% +21.91%
Total valid votes 11,108 100%

Note: Conservative vote is compared to Unionist vote in 1917 election.

Canadian federal election, 1917
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Government Edmund Bristol 12,051 74.45% +11.19%
     Liberal Charles MacGuire 3,918 24.21% -12.53%
     Unknown Archie Dramin 217 1.34%
Total valid votes 16,186 100%

Note: Unionist vote is compared to Liberal-Conservative vote in 1911 election.

Canadian federal election, 1911
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Conservative Edmund Bristol 5,156 63.26% +11.88%
     Liberal Charles MacGuire 2,994 36.74% -11.88%
Total valid votes 8,150 100%
Canadian federal election, 1908
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Conservative Edmund Bristol 3,482 51.38% -0.96%
     Liberal T.C. Robinette 3,295 48.62% 0.96%
Total valid votes 6,777 100%

Note: vote compared to 1904 election.

By-election on April 11, 1905
Party Candidate Votes
     Conservative Edmund Bristol acc.
Canadian federal election, 1904
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Conservative E.F. Clarke 4,321 52.34% +2.00%
     Liberal T.C. Robinette 3,935 47.66% +1.43%
Total valid votes 8,256 100%

Centre Toronto

Canadian federal election, 1900
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Conservative William Rees Brock 2,625 50.34% +3.33%
     Liberal John Flett 2,411 46.23% -6.76%
     Labour Henry Hargrave 179 3.43%
Total valid votes 5,215 100%
By-election on September 30, 1897
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal G.H. Bertram 2,212 52.99% +0.36%
     Conservative O.A. Howland 1,962 47.01% -0.36%
Total valid votes 4,174 100%
Canadian federal election, 1896
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal William Lount 2,394 52.64% +8.44%
     Conservative George Cockburn 2,154 47.36% -8.44%
Total valid votes 4,548 100%
Canadian federal election, 1891
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Conservative George Cockburn 2,414 55.80% +0.28%
     Liberal James Kerr 1,912 44.20% -0.28%
Total valid votes 4,326 100%
Canadian federal election, 1887
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Conservative George Cockburn 2,282 55.52%
     Liberal John Harvie 1,828 44.48% -8.78%
Total valid votes 4,110 100%
Canadian federal election, 1882
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Robert Hay 1,620 53.25% -5.58%
     Unknown J.D. Edgar 1,422 46.75%
Total valid votes 3,042 100%
Canadian federal election, 1878
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Robert Hay 1,631 58.84% +3.64%
     Independent Liberal John MacDonald 1,141 41.16%
Total valid votes 2,772 100%

Note: vote compared to 1874 election.

By-election on December 4, 1875
Party Candidate Votes
     Liberal John MacDonald acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1874
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
     Liberal Robert Wilkes 1,509 55.19% -0.76%
     Unknown A. Morrison 1,225 44.81%
Total valid votes 100%
Canadian federal election, 1872
Party Candidate Votes %
     Liberal Robert Wilkes 1,509 55.95%
     Unknown Shanly 1,188 44.05%
Total valid votes 2,697 100%

See also

References

  1. ^ [1], ctv news, September 21, 2008
  2. ^ [2],CBC News Online, September 21, 2008
  3. ^ Tory candidates forced to withdraw, Unnati Gandhi, Globe and Mail, November 1, 2007
  4. ^ Canadian Press

External links

Riding history from the Library of Parliament:


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