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Torremaggiore
—  Comune  —
Comune di Torremaggiore
Torremaggiore is located in Italy
Torremaggiore
Location of Torremaggiore in Italy
Coordinates: 41°41′N 15°17′E / 41.683°N 15.283°E / 41.683; 15.283Coordinates: 41°41′N 15°17′E / 41.683°N 15.283°E / 41.683; 15.283
Country Italy
Region Apulia
Province Foggia (FG)
Government
 - Mayor Alcide Di Pumpo
Area
 - Total 208 km2 (80.3 sq mi)
Elevation 169 m (554 ft)
Population (31 December 2007)
 - Total 17,149
 - Density 82.4/km2 (213.5/sq mi)
 - Demonym Torremaggioresi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 71017
Dialing code 0882
Patron saint St. Sabinus Bishop
Saint day First Sunday in June
Website Official website

Torremaggiore is a town and comune in the province of Foggia in the Apulia region of southeast Italy.

It lies on a hill, 169 m over the sea, and is famous for production of wine and olives.

Ancient postcard of Torremaggiore. On the left is visible the Ducal Castle.

Contents

History

The history of Torremaggiore is strictly connected to that ot the burg of Fiorentino (also Castel Fiorentino), a Byzantine frontier stronghold founded by the catepan Basil Boioannes in 1018. Later a Norman, Hohenstaufen, Angevine and finally Aragonese possession, it is especially remembered as the death place of Emperor Frederick II (December 13, 1250).

Five years later the burg was attacked by Pope Alexander IV's troops, and the inhabitants fled to a nearby Benedictine abbey. Later they were allowed to found a new settlement, called Codacchio, later, when other refugees from Dragonara arrived, christened Terra Maioris ("Major Land"), the modern Torremaggiore. This burg was later a fief of the counts of Sangro. It was destroyed by an earthquake on July 30, 1627.

From August 25, 1925 Terramaggiore was connected to the nearby San Severo by a tramway, the first in southern Italy.

Main sights

  • The Castle of the Dukes of Sangro, built from a Norman tower, it has maintained the Renaissance appearance. It has fourc circular and two square towers, and a throne hall with a precious 17th century fresco frieze. It is home to the archaeological exhibition of findings from Fiorentino.
  • Chiesa matrice di San Nicola ("Mother Church of St. Nicholas", 13th century), built by the refugees from Fiorentino and Dragonara. It was rebuilt in 1631 after the earthquake.
  • Church of Santa Maria della Strada (early 16th century).
  • Sanctuary of Santa Maria della Fontana.
  • Church of the Madonna di Loreto (16th century), erected by Albanian immigrates. It was rebuilt in 1627.
  • Church of Santa Maria degli Angeli (17th century).
  • Castle of "Fiorentino" (11th centuty), the place of the dead of Frederick II
  • Castle of "Dragonara" (11th century).

Notable people

Twinnings

Sister School

References

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