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Toruń
Toruń's Old Town, seen from the south bank of the Vistula

Flag

Coat of arms
Motto: "Durabo" (Latin: "I will endure")
Toruń is located in Poland
Toruń
Coordinates: 53°2′N 18°37′E / 53.033°N 18.617°E / 53.033; 18.617
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Kuyavian-Pomeranian
County city county
Established 13th century
City rights 1233
Government
 - Mayor Michał Zaleski
Area
 - City 115.72 km2 (44.7 sq mi)
Elevation 30 m (98 ft)
Population (2009)
 - City 205,934
 Density 1,779.6/km2 (4,609.1/sq mi)
 Metro 297,646
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 87-100 to 87-120
Area code(s) +48 56
Car plates CT
Website http://www.torun.pl/

Toruń [ˈtɔruɲ] ( listen) (German: Thorn (Ltspkr.png listen), Kashubian: Torń, Latin: Thorunium, see also: other names) is a city in northern Poland, on the Vistula River, with population over 205,934 as of June 2009, making it the second-largest city of Kujawy-Pomerania Province, after Bydgoszcz. The medieval old town of Toruń is the birthplace of Nicolaus Copernicus. In 1997 it was added to UNESCO's World Heritage List as a World Heritage Site.

Previously it was the capital of the Toruń Voivodeship (1975–98) and the Pomeranian Voivodeship (1921–45). Since 1999, Toruń has been a seat of the self-government of the Kujawy-Pomerania Province and, as such, is one of its two capitals (together with Bydgoszcz). The cities and neighboring counties form the Bydgoszcz-Toruń bipolar metropolitan area. In September 2004, Bydgoszcz Medical School joined Toruń's Nicolaus Copernicus University as its Collegium Medicum.

Contents

History

The first settlement in the vicinity is dated by archaeologists to 1100 BCE (Lusatian culture).[1] During medieval times, in the 7th-13th centuries, it was the location of an old Polish settlement,[2] at a ford in the river.

The Teutonic Knights built a castle in the vicinity of the Polish settlement in the years 1230-31. On 28 December 1233, the Teutonic Knights Hermann von Salza and Hermann Balk signed[3] the foundation charters for Thorn and Chełmno. Named after the city this took place, the original document (lost in 1244) with the city rights was called Kulmer Handfeste, the set of rights in general is known as Kulm law. In 1236, due to frequent flooding[4], it was relocated to the present site of the Old Town. In 1263 Franciscan monks settled in the city, followed in 1239 by Dominicans. In 1264 the nearby New Town was founded. In 1280, the city (or as it was then, both cities) joined the mercantile Hanseatic League and it soon turned into an important medieval trade centre.

The First Peace of Thorn ending the Polish–Lithuanian–Teutonic War was signed in the city in February 1411. In 1440, the gentry of Thorn formed the Prussian Confederation, and in 1454 rose with the Confederation against the Monastic state of the Teutonic Knights in the Thirteen Years' War. After almost 200 years of coexistence, New and Old Town amalgamated in 1454. The Teutonic castle was destroyed. The Thirteen Years' War ended in 1466 with the Second Peace of Thorn, in which the Teutonic Order ceded their control over western provinces, henceforth Royal Prussia. Toruń became part of Kingdom of Poland.

In 1557, during the Protestant Reformation, the city adopted Protestantism, while most Polish cities remained Roman Catholic. Under Mayor Heinrich Stroband (1586–1609) the city became centralized, and its administrative power passed into the hands of the city council. In 1595 Jesuits arrived to promote the Counter-Reformation, taking control of St. John's Church. The Protestant city officials tried to limit the influx of Catholics into the city, as Catholics (Jesuits and Dominican monks) already controlled most of the churches, leaving only St. Mary's to the Protestant citizens.

In 1677 the Prussian historian and educator Christoph Hartknoch was invited to be director of the Thorn Gymnasium, a post which he held until his death in 1687. Hartknoch wrote histories of Prussia, including the cities of Royal Prussia.

During the Great Northern War (1700–21), the restoration of Augustus the Strong as King of Poland was prepared in the town by Russian Tsar Peter the Great. In the second half of the 17th century, tensions between Catholics and Protestants had grown, leading to the Tumult of Thorn (1724).

In 1793 the city was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia following the Second Partition of Poland. In 1807 the city became part of the Duchy of Warsaw created by Napoleon and ruled by King Frederick Augustus I of Saxony, though Prussia regained control after Napoleon's defeat in 1814. In 1870 French prisoners of war taken during the Franco-Prussian War built a chain of forts surrounding the town. The following year the city, along with the rest of Prussia, became part of the new German Empire. Toruń became a center of resistance to Germanization and Kulturkampf by Poles, who established a Polish-language newspaper, Gazeta Toruńska.[2] In 1875 a Polish Scientific Society was established, and in 1884 a secret organization dedicated to the restoration of Poland.[2]

According to the Treaty of Versailles signed after World War I in 1919, it was part of the Polish Corridor assigned to Poland. Toruń became the capital of the then Pomeranian Voivodeship. In 1925, the Baltic Institute was established in the city, with the task of documenting Polish heritage in Pomerania. In general, the interwar period was a time of significant urban development in Toruń. Major investments were completed in areas like transportation (new streets, tramway lines and the Piłsudski Bridge), residential constructions (many new houses, particularly in Bydgoskie Przedmieście) and public buildings.

The city was annexed by Nazi Germany after the Invasion of Poland in 1939 and administered as part of Danzig-West Prussia. During World War II, the chain of forts were used by the Germans as POW camps, collectively known as Stalag XX-A. The city, escaped significant destruction during the war, and was liberated from the Nazis in 1945 by the Soviet Red Army and, as before the war, became part of Poland. The remaining German population was expelled primarily to East Germany between 1945 and 1947.

After World War II, the population increased more than twofold and industry developed significantly. However, one of the most important events of the post-war era was the founding of the Nicolaus Copernicus University in 1945. Over the years, it has become one of the better universities in Poland. Its existence has influenced the life of the city enormously, as well as its perception by non-locals. The University itself was founded by Polish professors of the University of Wilno, who were forced to abandon their native city and move to post-1945 Poland.

Since 1989, when local and regional self-government was gradually reintroduced and the market economy set in, Toruń, like other cities in Poland, has undergone deep social and economic transformation. There is some debate among locals as to whether this time has been really spent as successfully as it should have been, but the fact is that Toruń has recently reclaimed its strong position as a regional leader, together with Bydgoszcz.

Etymology

Early documents record the city's name as Thorun (1226, 1466), Turon, Turun, Toron, Thoron and Thorn.

Toruń was a royal city, subject to the kings of Poland, Latin documents and coins usually spelled it Thorun, Thorunium, civitas Thorunensis, or civitas Torunensis, and after the 15th century, the current Polish name Toruń.

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Polish

  • It may come from the Polish word tor, which means "track (of the Vistula river)". Toruń would therefore mean "town on the track".
  • It may have been originally Tarnów, based on the Polish word tarnina, a kind of river plant. There are many cities in Poland with a similar derivation.

Other

  • Some people, such as Jan Miodek, claim that "Toruń" does not have any etymological meaning.
  • It may come from the personal name Toron and mean "Toron's town".
  • from the Teutonic Castle of Toron in the Lebanon mountains

Sights

Panorama

Thorn in Christoph Hartknoch's Old and New Prussia (1684)
City walls and Leaning Tower
Gothic St. George's Guildhall
Dąbski Palace

Listed on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites since 1997, Toruń has many monuments of architecture beginning from the Middle Ages, including 200 military structures. The city is famous for having preserved almost intact its medieval spatial layout and many Gothic buildings, all built from brick, including monumental churches, the Town Hall and many burgher houses. The most interesting monuments are:

  • Gothic churches:
    • The Cathedral of Ss. John the Evangelist and John the Baptist, an aisled hall church built in the 14th century and extended in the 15th century; outstanding Gothic sculptures and paintings inside (Moses, St. Mary Magdalene, gravestone of Johann von Soest), Renaissance and Baroque epitaphs and altars (amongst them the epitaph of Copernicus from 1580)
    • St. Mary's church, a formerly Franciscan aisled hall built in the 14th century
    • St. Jacob's church, a basilica from the 14th century, with monumental wall paintings and Gothic stalls
  • The Old Town Hall, begun in 1274, extended and rebuilt between 1391 and 1399, and extended at the end of the 16th century; one of the most monumental town halls in Central Europe
  • City fortifications, begun in the 13th century, extended between the 14th and 15th centuries, mostly demolished in the 19th century, but partially preserved with a few city gates and watchtowers (among them the so-called Leaning Tower) from the Vistula side. See also: Toruń Fortress
  • A 15th-century Gothic house (now a museum) where Copernicus was reputedly born
  • Ruins of 13th-century Teutonic Knights' castle
  • House at the sign of the Star (Polish: Dom Pod Gwiazdą), previously Gothic, briefly owned by Filip Callimachus, then rebuilt in the 16th century and in 1697, with a richly-decorated stucco facade and wooden spiral stairs
  • Toruń has the largest number of preserved Gothic houses in Poland, many with Gothic wall paintings or wood-beam ceilings from the 16th to the 18th centuries

Toruń, unlike many other historic cities in Poland, escaped substantial destruction in World War II. Particularly left intact was the Old Town, all of whose important architectural monuments are originals, not reconstructions.

Major renovation projects have been undertaken in recent years to improve the condition and external presentation of the Old Town. Besides the renovation of various buildings, projects such as the reconstruction of the pavement of the streets and squares (reversing them to their historical appearance), and the introduction of new plants, trees and objects of 'small architecture', are underway.

Numerous buildings and other constructions, including the city walls along the boulevard, are illuminated at night, creating an impressive effect - probably unique among Polish cities with respect to the size of Toruń's Old Town and the scale of the illumination project itself.

Population

Old Town Square, dusk

The most recent statistics show a decrease in the population of the city, to 205,934 in the middle of 2009. This is mainly because quite a large number of citizens have been moving to nearby communities, adjacent to the formal administrative area of Toruń, but still outside it. As a result Toruń is surrounded by a belt of densely-populated settlements, whose inhabitants work, shop and entertain in the city proper, but do not officially live there.

In recent years, a discussion has been taking place as to whether or not these surrounding communities should be incorporated into the city's administrative area. This seems rather inevitable in the longer term, though many say Toruń has almost reached the limit of its development within the city's boundary.

Inside the city itself, most of the population is concentrated on the right (northern) bank of the Vistula river. Two of the most densely populated areas are Rubinkowo and Na Skarpie, housing projects built mostly in the 1970s and 80s, located between the central and easternmost districts; their total population is about 70,000.

Toruń and Bydgoszcz together make up a bipolar metroplex which, including those cities' counties and a number of smaller towns, may have a population of as much as 800,000. Thus the area contains about one third of the population of the Kuyavia-Pomerania region (which has about 2.1 million inhabitants).

Some groups of Japanese, Ukrainian and Vietnamese people live in Toruń now. The Japanese diaspora is the largest visible minority in the city; it stems from the management of businesses opened in recent years by Japanese companies such as Sharp. In additional to Japanese managers, engineers, translators, and their families; there are Japanese language teachers working at the local university and language schools, and people who have married locals and stayed in Toruń.

Transport

The transportation network in the city itself has been a subject of much criticism for years. Although the city proper is not very large, the underdeveloped street and road network is a source of problems. It has to deal not only with a traffic generated by Toruń itself, but also with heavy transit and metropolitan traffic. Even the construction of new wide avenues, both by reconstructing existing streets and by construction of others from scratch, has not been enough. The most serious problem, however, is that only a single car traffic bridge crosses the Vistula river inside the city's boundaries. The construction of beltways, and thus the reduction of the inflow of vehicles into the city, has helped significantly, but still the existence of only one downtown bridge causes serious transportation difficulties, especially traffic jams. A construction of another bridge, located 4 km east of the existing one, has been prepared and will start in 2009; as of December 2008, most of the necessary funds have been already secured.

The mass transit system is composed of 5 tram lines and about 40 bus lines, covering the city and some of the neighbouring communities.

Toruń is situated at a major road junction, one of the most important in Poland. The A1 highway reaches Toruń, and a southern beltway surrounds the city. Besides these, the European route E75 and a number of domestic roads (numbered 10, 15, and 80) run through the city.

With three main railway stations (Toruń Główny, Toruń Miasto and Toruń Wschodni), the city is a major rail junction, with two important lines crossing there (WarszawaBydgoszcz and WrocławOlsztyn). Two other lines stem from Toruń, toward Malbork and Sierpc.

The rail connection with Bydgoszcz is run under a name "BiT City" as a "metropolitan rail". Its main purpose is to allow traveling between and within these cities using one ticket. A joint venture of Toruń, Bydgoszcz, Solec Kujawski and the voivodeship, it is considered as important in integrating Bydgoszcz-Toruń metropolitan area. A major modernization of BiT City railroute, as well as a purchase of completely new vehicles to serve the line, is planned for 2008 and 2009. Technically, it will allow to travel between Toruń-East and Bydgoszcz-Airport stations at a speed of 120 km/h in a time of approximately half an hour. In a few years' time "BiT City" will be integrated with local transportation systems of Toruń and Bydgoszcz, thus creating a uniform metropolitan transportation network - with all necessary funds having been secured in 2008.

Since September 2008, the "one-ticket" solution has been introduced also as regards a rail connection with Włocławek, as a "regional ticket". The same is planned for connection with Grudziądz.

Two bus depots serve to connect the city with other towns and cities in Poland.

As of 2008, a small sport airfield exists in Toruń; however, a modernization of the airport is seriously considered with a number of investors interested in it. Independently of this, Bydgoszcz-Szwederowo airport, located about 50 km from Toruń city center, serves the whole Bydgoszcz-Toruń metropolitan area, with a number of regular flights to European cities.

Economy

Medieval Town of Toruń*
UNESCO World Heritage Site
State Party  Poland
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iv
Reference 835
Region** Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 1997  (21st Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
** Region as classified by UNESCO.

Although a medium-sized city, Toruń is the site of headquarters of some of the largest and most influential companies in Poland, or at least of their subsidiaries. The official unemployment rate, as of September 2008, is 5.4%.

In 2006, a construction of new plants owned by Sharp Corporation and other companies of mainly Japanese origin has started in a neighboring community of Łysomice (about 10 km from city center). The facilities under construction are located in a newly-created special economical area. As a result of cooperation of the companies mentioned above, a vast high-tech complex is to be constructed in the next few years' time, providing as many as 10,000 jobs (a prediction for 2010) at the cost of about 450 million euros. As of 2008, the creation of another special economic area is being considered, this time inside city limits.

Thanks to its architectural heritage Toruń is visited by more than 1.5 million tourists a year (1.6 million in 2007). This makes tourism an important branch of the local economy, although time spent in the city by individual tourists or the number of hotels which can serve them are still not considered satisfactory. Major investments in renovation of the city's monuments, building new hotels (including high standard ones), improvement in promotion, as well as launching new cultural and scientific events and facilities, give very good prospects for Toruń's tourism.

In recent years Toruń has been a site of intense building construction investments, mainly residential and in its transportation network. The latter has been possible partly due to the use of European Union funds assigned for new member states. Toruń city county generates by far the highest number of new dwellings built each year among all Kuyavian-Pomeranian counties, both relative to its population as well as in absolute values. It has led to almost complete rebuilding of some districts. As of 2008, many major constructions are either under development or are to be launched soon - the value of some of them exceeding 100 million euros. They include a new speedway stadium, major shopping and entertainment centers, a commercial complex popularly called a "New Center of Toruń", a music theater, a center of contemporary art, hotels, office buildings, facilities for the Nicolaus Copernicus University, roads and tram routes, sewage and fresh water delivery systems, residential projects, the possibility of a new bridge over the Vistula, and more. Construction of the A1 motorway and the BiT City fast metropolitan railway also directly effects the city.

About 25,000 local firms are registered in Toruń.

Culture

Toruń planetarium

Toruń has two drama theatres (Teatr im. Wilama Horzycy with three stages and Teatr Wiczy), two children's theatres (Baj Pomorski and Zaczarowany Świat), two music theatres (Mała Rewia, Studencki Teatr Tańca), and numerous other theatre groups. The city hosts, among others events, the international theatre festival, "Kontakt", annually in May

A building called Baj Pomorski has recently been completely reconstructed. It is now one of the most modern cultural facilities in the city, with its front elevation in the shape of a gigantic chest of drawers. It is located at the south-east edge of the Old Town.

Toruń has a number of cinemas including a Cinema City, which has over 2,000 seats.

Over ten major museums document the history of Toruń and the region. Among others, the "House of Kopernik" and the accompanying museum commemorate Nicolaus Copernicus and his revolutionary work, the university museum reveals the history of the city's academic past.

The Center of Contemporary Art (Centrum Sztuki Współczesnej - CSW) opened in June 2008 and is one of the most important cultural facilities of this kind in Poland. The modern building is located in the very center of the city, adjacent to the Old Town.

The Toruń Symphonic Orchestra (formerly the Toruń Chamber Orchestra) is well-rooted in the Toruń cultural landscape.

Toruń is equipped with a planetarium (located downtown) and an astronomical observatory (located in nearby community of Piwnice). The latter boasts the largest radio telescope in the Eastern part of Central Europe with a diameter of 32 m (104.99 ft), second only to the Effelsberg 100 m (328.08 ft) radio telescope.

Toruń is well-known for Toruń gingerbread, a type of pierniki often made in elaborate moulds.

Education

Over thirty elementary and primary schools and over ten high schools make up the educational base of Toruń. Besides these, students can also attend a handful of private schools.

The largest institution of higher education in Toruń, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń serves over 40 thousand students and was founded in 1945, based on the Toruń Scientific Society, Stefan Batory University in Wilno, and Jan Kazimierz University in Lvov. The existence of a high-ranked and high-profiled university with so many students plays a great role the city's position and importance in general, as well as in creating an image of Toruń's streets and clubs filled with crowds of young people. It also has a serious influence on local economy.

Other public institutions of higher education:

  • Wyższe Seminarium Duchowne (a section of the Theological Faculty of the Nicolaus Copernicus University)
  • College of English - Nauczycielskie Kolegium Języków Obcych (affiliated to the Nicolaus Copernicus University)
  • College of Fashion (Kolegium Mody)

There are also a number of private higher education facilities:

Healthcare

Five hospitals of various specializations provide medical service for Toruń itself, its surrounding area and to the region in general. The two largest of these hospitals, recently run by the voivodeship, are to be taken over by Nicolaus Copernicus University and run as its clinical units. At least one of them is to change its status in 2008, with the formal procedures being very advanced.

In addition, there are a number of other healthcare facilities in the city.

Media

Sports clubs

Notable residents

International relations

Toruń's twin cities

Twin cities

Toruń is twinned with:

Bulwar Filadelfijski (Philadelphia Boulevard), both a 2 km long street running mostly between Vistula River and walls of the Old Town, and the boulevard itself (bearing the same name), honours sister relationship with Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Ślimak Getyński (Goettingen Helix, German: Goettingen Schnecke) is one of the lanes connecting Piłsudski Bridge / John Paul II Avenue with Philadelphia Boulevard at their downtown interchange. It honours the relationship with Göttingen, its name derived from the street's half-circular shape (Polish word ślimak meaning "snail").

National senators

European deputies

Current Member of the European Parliament (MEP) elected from the Kuyavian-Pomeranian constituency:

Miscellanea

Gallery

Notes

  1. ^ Hypothetical reconstruction of a Lusatian culture settlement, built using bronze age tools: Wola Radziszowska, Poland, part of study by scientists from the Jagiellonian University’s Institute Of Archaeology.
  2. ^ a b c Encyklopedia Powszechna PWN Warsaw 1976
  3. ^ The Teutonic Knights—the founders of Thorn—The foundation charter for Thorn was signed on 28th December 1233 by the Grand Master of the Teutonic Order Herman von Salza and the National Master for Prussia and the Slavonic Lands Herman Balka. In that way Thorn was founded by the Teutonic Order and managed by the Knights until 1454 - torun.pl
  4. ^ Max Töppen Historisch-comparative Geographie von Preussen: Nach den Quellen, namentlich auch archivalischen, Published by J. Perthes, 1858 [1] PDF
  5. ^ "Tvp Bydgoszcz". Ww6.tvp.pl. http://ww6.tvp.pl/6490,20060910393179.strona. Retrieved 2009-05-06. 
  6. ^ "Heritage Twin Towns". © 2003-2009 Swindon Borough Council. http://www.swindon.gov.uk/heritage-twintowns. Retrieved 2009-02-16. 
  7. ^ "Torun - Twin Town in Poland". www.swindon.gov.uk. http://www.swindon.gov.uk/yourcouncil/heritage-twintowns/heritage-torun.htm. Retrieved 2009-11-07. 

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Torun article)

From Wikitravel

Toruń [1] (Kashubian: Torń, German: Thorn) is a beautiful, medieval city in North-Western Poland, situated on the Vistula River. Its architecture has managed to escape bombing, and as such represents one of the only examples of true gothic architecture in Poland. Still reasonably off the radars of most European travellers, one can expect to have an amazing Polish experience here without the nightmares of a million and one interail travellers.

One of the capitals of the Kujawsko-Pomorskie Voivodship (since 1999), previously the capital of the Toruń Voivodship (1975-1998) and the Pomeranian Voivodship (1921-1939), the city is located near the Geographic Center of Europe.

Toruń's medieval Old Town or Starowka is on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Toruń is a birthplace of world famous astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus. The house where Copernicus was born and the chapel where he was christened are still standing in the city. From Middle Ages town is known for its gingerbreads.

Statue of violinist in old town
Statue of violinist in old town

In all, as of the last census (2004), it has 208,386 inhabitants.

Get in

By plane

There is an international airport in the nearby town of Bydgoszcz. Ryan Air [2] operates a daily service from the UK at budget rates.

More flights go from Warsaw: Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport [3]: For those travelling from Warsaw serviced by Polski Express. See also routes/timetables [4].

By train

The Polish State Railways [5] has train connections from Warsaw and Gdansk as well as Poznan, Łódź, Katowice and Olsztyn.

Torun's main railway station, Torun Glowny is situated on the other side of the river Vistula, meaning you will need to cross the bridge to get to the town. On foot this will take you about 35 minutes. You can also get into town via:

  • Taxi - There will be a plethora waiting outside the train station
  • Bus - Buses number 22 and 27 run directly to the old town. These depart from both sides of the railway station, however the kiosk for actually buying tickets is on the south side of the station. Take the bus two stops to Plac Rapackiego (You'll also notice the old town as you cross the bridge - it's the stop that immediately follows the bridge). You may need an additional ticket if carrying a large bag.

By car

You can easily get there by car from Warsaw, Gdansk (A1) and Poznan.

By bus

Many international connections (see Poland::By bus).

Get around

Torun's old town is quite small, and has no mass transit within it's walls. Consequently, walkin garound the old town is your best (and only) option. Outside the old town, there are plentiful buses and trams, while taxis are quite cheap.

To get further afield car hire can be found for around 100zl a day.

Town Hall in Toruń
Town Hall in Toruń
  • In 1473 the world famous astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus was born in Toruń. There is a museum dedicated to him and his work in the Old Town, ul. Kopernika 15-17.
  • Toruń's medieval Old Town or Starowka is on the UNESCO World Heritage List, known as gothic pearl.
  • Town Hall - located on Old town square (Rynek Staromiejski), one of the most beautiful gothic town halls in Europe. The tower of the building is opened for tourists.
  • Torun Cathedral - Gothic church where astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus was christened.
  • Teatr Baj Pomorski - Even if you don't want to go to the theater you could still look at its amazing design which is made look a like a giant chest 'n drawers. [6]
  • Leaning tower - part of old Toruń defence wall system.
  • Medieval granaries. There are lots of beautiful examples of granary architecture.
  • Excellent panorama from left bank of the river Vistula.
  • Teutonic Knights Castle Ruins. Located at the Mostowa Gate is an outdoor museum. The castle is almost completely destroyed except for one tower and a dungeon that you can set foot on. Admission fee is 2 zloty.
  • Dybowski Castle Ruins - An old skeleton of what is left of the old Castle. It is easy to find, just at the entire opposite of the river and small walk from the bridge. You can explore the ruins at your own leisure and walk the walls.
  • The city's Fortresses. Torun has about twelve often listed in roman numbers. Some are located close to old town, others like the forth fortress are just outside the city.
  • Toruń is famous for it's gingerbread. You can have a go at making your own in the traditional fashion at the gingerbread museum, Rabianska street.
  • Piwnice Radio Observatory , a radio observatory with two dishes (diameters: 32 metres and 15 metres) at Piwnice
  • See everything in the Starowka or Old town, including the Krzywa Wieża, Ratusz, both Old and New Town Squares, Dwor Artusa, just to mention a few.
  • Town Hall. Visit town hall, Ratusz in Polish. Today museum locates there. Despite its many treasures it is however not too rewarding for foreign visitors as it is almost entirely explained in Polish. Translations are very sparse or non-existent. The Museum consists of Gallery of Gothic art, Exhibition of old Toruń 1233-1793, Exhibition of Toruń coins, Court hall, Hall of Polish kings etc. Town Hall tower is opened for tourists. Beautiful view opens to the old town and surroundings from the tower.
  • Events, entertainment, culture in Torun - updated daily (also in English): [7]

Buy

There are many shops, boutiques in old town. You can buy there everything - clothes, souvenirs, jewellery, music, food, drinks, vegetables and fruits (on New Town market), etc.

  • Galeria Copernicus, [8]. Large shopping centre, 40 min walk from old town, reachable by bus number 15.
  • Dom Towarowy. shopping centre located in medieval house on old town square.
  • Specialized gingebread shops "Toruńskie pierniki"

Eat

At warm times of year Toruń's old town is full of street cafes, restaurants where you can eat or drink outdoors and enjoy the medieval atmosphere. Some cafés are located on the bank of river Vistula, and at least two are on boats on the river. Different dishes - traditional food and fast food, drinks - beer, soft drinks and ice cream are offered there. If you are a football lover there are many street cafes where you can watch a game on TV while drinking good Polish beer.

  • Toruńskie Pierniki - Toruń is legendary for its gingerbread. You must try it.
  • "Manekin" restaurants - delicious, huge, naleśniki (filled crêpes) with a large choice of fillings for only about 10 PLN each. It can get quite busy at peak times, but you'll be warned if there will be a long wait. The staff are friendly and helpful and the restaurants have a nice ambiance. The restaurant on the old market square (Rynek Staromiejski) is particularly nice.

Drink

Drinks from all over the world, including Polish beer and vodka, in the cities are many clubs and bars, including Pod Aniolem, Niebo, Togun, Grota, Beka, Kuranty, Szwejk and many many others.

Sleep

There are plenty of hotels in the city, ranging in standard from 1 up to 4 stars. Many of them are located in the strict downtown. There is currently only one Hostel.

  • Bulwar (****) [9], Bulwar Filadelfijski 18 (Old Town)
  • Mercure Helios (****), Kraszewskiego 1/3 (within 0.5km from Old Town)
  • 1231 (****) [10], Przedzamcze 6 (Old Town)
  • Solaris (***) [11], Panny Marii 9 (Old Town)
  • Filmar (***) [12], Grudziądzka 37 (within 1 km from Old Town)
  • Spichrz (***) [13], Mostowa 1 (Old Town)
  • Polonia (***) [14], pl. Teatralny 5 (Old Town)
  • Petite Fleur (***) [15], Piekary 25 (Old Town)
  • Pod Czarną Różą (***) [16], Rabiańska 11 (Old Town)
  • Retman (***) [17], Rabiańska 15 (Old Town)
  • Gotyk (***) [18], Piekary 20 (Old Town)
  • Trzy Korony (**) [19], Rynek Staromiejski 21 (Old Town)
  • Hotelik w Centrum (**) [20], Szumana 2 (Old Town)
  • Central Hotel, Hotel Pod Orłem [21] - reasonably priced but sometimes noisy
  • Heban
  • Kopernik [22], Wola Zamkowa 16.
  • Orange Hostel. Located in the old town, 5 minutes walk from the river. ul. Prosta 19. +48 56 652 00 33. Dorm beds from 30 PLN per night.

There is also quite big camping open from 28th of April: [23] (location: [24])

  • Chełmno - beautiful well preserved medieval town in 40 km north from Toruń.
  • Chełmża - old small town with a lake beach. 15 km.
  • Golub-Dobrzyń - former Teutonic Knights' Castle, 40 km east from Toruń
  • Szafarnia - Frederic Chopin museum, 45 km east from Toruń
  • Ciechocinek - famous Polish spa, 25 km south from Toruń
  • Biskupin - archaeological reservation of the Lusatian Culture settlement (650-550 year BC), 90 km from Toruń
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also Toruň, and torun

Contents

Polish

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Toruń m.

  1. City in northern Poland in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship.

Declension

Singular only
Nominative Toruń
Genitive Torunia
Dative Toruniowi
Accusative Toruń
Instrumental Toruniem
Locative Toruniu
Vocative Toruniu

Derived terms

  • torunianin m., torunianka f.
  • adjective: toruński

Simple English

Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this name.


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