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Taungoo
တောင်ငူမြို့
Taungoo is located in Burma
Taungoo
Location in Burma
Coordinates: 18°56′N 96°26′E / 18.933°N 96.433°E / 18.933; 96.433
Country Flag of Myanmar.svg Burma
Admin. division Bago Division
Government
 - Type District Peace and Development Council and Township Peace and Development Council
 - Mayor
Population (2010)[1]
 - Total 121,000 (est.)
 - Ethnicities Burman, Karen
 - Religions Buddhism, Christianity
Time zone MST (UTC+6:30)

Taungoo (Burmese: တောင်ငူမြို့; MLCTS: taung ngu mrui., also known as Toungoo) is a city in the Bago Division of Myanmar, located 220 km from Yangon, towards the northeastern end of the division, with mountain ranges to both east and west. The main industry is in forestry products, with teak and other hardwoods extracted from the mountains. The city is also known for its areca palms, to the extent that a Burmese proverb for unexpected good fortune is equated to a "betel lover winning a trip to Taungoo".

Contents

History

Taungoo was founded in 1280 in the waning days of Pagan as part of frontier expansion southwards. After the fall of Pagan Empire in 1287, Taungoo came under the rule of Myinsaing Kingdom, and later Pinya Kingdom. In 1313, Uzana (later King Uzana of Pinya) was appointed governor of Taungoo.[2] In the late 14th century, Taungoo became a nominal part of the Ava Kingdom but its rulers retained a large degree of autonomy, playing larger Ava and Hanthawaddy kingdoms against each other. In 1510, King Mingyinyo formally broke away from Ava and founded the Taungoo Kingdom.

Mingyinyo's successors Tabinshwehti and Bayinnaung went on to found the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia.[3] Taungoo's stint as capital was short-lived, however. Tabinshwehti moved the kingdom's capital to Pegu (Bago) in 1539. The city briefly again became capital of a rebellion in 1599 when viceroy Minye Thihathu of Taungoo declared himself king. In December 1599, Taungoo's forces in collaboration with the Arakanese armies aided by Portuguese mercenaries, sacked Pegu. The rebellious city state remained independent for another 10 years when Natshinnaung ascended the Taungoo throne in 1609. In the following year, King Anaukpetlun captured Taungoo, and ended the city's long line of rulers.[4]

Although few visible historic remains survive, all four sides of the brick city wall remain from the dynastic period, with the exception of the part of the southern wall. The 9.6 m wide moat has largely dried up, except for a section on the eastern side, which is still maintained.

Administration

  • Taungoo District Peace and Development Council - List of Six Townships
  • Taungoo Township Peace and Development Council
  • Taungoo Ward Peace and Development Council - 22 Wards
  • Taungoo Municipal
  • District and Township Immigration Dept
  • Myanmar Timber Enterprise
  • Finance and Tax Dept
  • Civil Engineering Dept
  • District and Township Education Dept
  • Health Dept
  • District and Township Forestry Dept
  • MPPE
  • Taungoo Correctional Dept. Taungoo Prison
  • Taungoo Quarry Camp
  • Taungoo Post Office
  • Taungoo TeleCom station
  • Myanmar Television Sub-station
  • Myawady Television Sub-station
  • Union Solidarity and Development Association
  • Myanmar Maternal Children’s Welfare Association
  • Myanmar Women’s Affair Federation
  • Division 5 Railways Office
  • Taungoo Township and District Courts
  • Taungoo Weather Station
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Emergency

  1. No.1 Police Station Taungoo - 199
  2. No.2 Police Station Taungoo - 199
  3. District Police Force
  4. Township Police Force
  5. No.5 Railways Police Force
  6. Taungoo Motor Vehicle Police Station
  7. District Fire Station - 191
  8. Township Fire Station - 192
  9. Myanmar Red Cross Society - Ambulance

Military

  1. Southern Command - Kaytu Myothit
  2. Taungoo Air Force Base
  3. Amoury Division - Oak Twin
  4. Artillery Division - Oak Twin
  5. Police Battalion, Taungoo - Traning School

Investigation

  • Military Intelligence No.3 (MI)
  • Special Intelligence (Special Branch) SB
  • Bureau of special investigations (BSI)
  • Secret Police

Demographics

Taungoo's population is estimated be about 121,000.[1] The population was 66000 in 1983 when the last official census in Myanmar was conducted.[5] The Bamar (Burmans) make up the majority with a significant Kayin (Karen) population on the eastern side of the city. The Chinese, Indians, Shan and Kayah people make up the rest. The majority of residents are Theravada Buddhists, followed by Baptist and Roman Catholic Christians. Taungoo is home to a number of Kayin Christian association headquarters and 15 churches.

Transport

The main transport options to Taungoo is rail and motorways. The Taungoo Railway Station is on the main north line of Myanmar Railways, and the Taungoo Highway Bus Station is served by domestic bus lines. Taungoo Airport is the area's only airport, and served only by Myanma Airways with regular flights to Yangon, Mandalay, Naypyidaw, Loikaw, Tachilek, and Taunggyi. Intra-city transport is mainly through a circular railway line which serves around the Taungoo District and bus lines, which serve downtown, and suburban areas.

There are two main bridges: Sittaung Bridge and Kaphaung Bridge.

Lodging

  • Myanma Thiri Hotel
  • Myanmar Beauty Hotel
  • Min Gyi Nyo Hotel
  • Mother's House Guest House
  • Amazing Kaytu Hotel
  • Royal Kaytu Hotel
  • Panswaedaw Hotel

Education

Taungoo has six high schools, four public universities, a divinity school and two nursing/midwifery training schools.

  1. Taungoo University
  2. Taungoo Educational College
  3. Computer University, Taungoo
  4. Technological University, Taungoo
  5. Taungoo Nursing Training School
  6. Taungoo Midwifery Traing School
  7. Paku Divinity School

Healthcare

  1. Taungoo General Hospital
  2. Taungoo Railways Hospital
  3. Thaw Thee Ko Clinic
  4. Ketu Clinic

Major sites

  1. Thargaya Elephant Camp
  2. Kandawggyi Garden
  3. Kaytumaddy Garden
  4. Kaphaung Creek Bridge
  5. Sittaung Bridge
  6. Electronic Library
  7. Taungoo Gym
  8. Taungoo Stadium
  9. Taunngoo City Hall
  10. Taungoo Municipal Market
  11. Taungoo Market
  12. Bayinnaung Market
  13. Kayinmazay Market
  14. San Thiri Cinema
  15. Bayinnaung Cinema

Pagodas

  1. Shwesandaw Pagoda
  2. Myasigon Pagoda
  3. Kaungmudaw Pagoda
  4. Mya Saw Nyi Naung Pagoda

References

  1. ^ a b "Taungoo, Burma Page". Falling Grain. http://www.fallingrain.com/world/BM/16/Taungoo.html. Retrieved 2010-03-13. 
  2. ^ Lt. Gen. Sir Arthur P. Phayre (1883). History of Burma (1967 ed.). London: Susil Gupta. p. 90–93. 
  3. ^ Victor B Lieberman (2003). Strange Parallels: Southeast Asia in Global Context, c. 800-1830, volume 1, Integration on the Mainland. Cambridge University Press. p. 150–154. 
  4. ^ Maung Htin Aung (1967). A History of Burma. New York and London: Cambridge University Press. p. 140. 
  5. ^ "City Population of Myanmar". citypopulation.de. http://www.citypopulation.de/Myanmar.html. Retrieved 2010-03-13. 

External links

Coordinates: 18°56′N 96°26′E / 18.933°N 96.433°E / 18.933; 96.433

Template:Bago Division


Redirecting to Taungoo


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Taungoo article)

From Wikitravel

Taungoo (Toungoo) is a town and district in Bago Division, Myanmar.

Get in

Taungoo is about 170 miles away from Yangon. The old road take to Taungoo about 6 to 7 hrs. However , now with the new roads , it takes about 3 to 4 hrs only.

Get around

Taungoo is about 170 miles away from Yangon. The old road take to Taungoo about 6 to 7 hrs. However , now with the new roads , it takes about 3 to 4 hrs only. It is the mid way to Yangon - Inle or Mandalay if you want to go by car . Good for your night stop and rest . The tourist use to stop over night at Taungoo when they treavel from Golden Rock to Inle or Mandalay by hire car.

See

Most stop for over night. However ,most does not know is Taungoo is one of the kingdome in Myanmar history but nothing much left to see . Pho Kyar elephant camp is about 2 hrs drive from Taungoo , if you love nature and elephants.

Sleep

Hotel Amazing Kaytu , email . amazingsales@myanmar.com.mm , web: amazing-hotel.com Mother House Myanmar Ah-hla Hotel Myanmar Thiri Hotel Pan Swedaw Hotel

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

TOUNGOO, or Taung-Ngu, a town and district in the Tenasserim division of Lower Burma. The town is situated on the right bank of the river Sittang, 166 m. by rail N. from Rangoon. Pop. (1901), 15,837. From the 14th to the 16th century it was the capital of an independent kingdom. After the second Burmese War it was an important frontier station, but the troops were withdrawn in 1893. The district of Toungoo has an area of 6172 sq. m.; pop. (rigor), 279,315, showing an increase of 32% in the preceding decade. Three ' mountain ranges traverse the district - the Pegu Yomas, the Karen, and the Nat-taung or- "Great Watershed" - all of which have a north and south direction, and are covered for the most part with dense forest. The Pegu Yomas have a general elevation of from Boo to 1200 ft., while the central range averages from 2000 to 3 000 ft. The rest of Toungoo forms the upper portion of the valley of the Sittang, the only large river in the district, the chief tributaries of which are the Shwa, Hkabaung, Hpyu Thank-ye-Kat and Yank-thua-wa, all navigable for a great portion of their course. Limestone appears in various places, and in the north-east a light grey marble is quarried for lime. The rivers form the chief means of communication during the rainy season. The rainfall in 1905 was 80.30 in. There are 14 railway stations in the district. Rice is the staple crop; there are promising plantations of coffee and rubber. Forests cover more than 5000 sq. m., of which 1337 sq. m. have been reserved, yielding a large revenue.


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