The Full Wiki

Tourism in Brazil: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rio de Janeiro, the most visited destination in Brazil by foreign tourists for leisure trips, and second place for business travel.
São Paulo, the most visited destination in Brazil for foreign tourists who travel on business, and third place to travel for leisure.

Tourism in Brazil is a growing sector and key to the economy of several regions of the country. The country had 5.2 million visitors in 2008[1] and in 2007 ranked as the fourth largest tourist destination in the Americas, the main destination in South America, and second in Latin America after Mexico, in terms of the international tourist arrivals.[2][3] Revenues from international tourists reached USD 5.78 billion in 2008.[4] In 2005, tourism contributed with 3.2% of the country's revenues from exports of goods and services, and represented 7% of direct and indirect employment in the Brazilian economy.[5] In 2006 direct employment in the sector reached 1.87 million people.[6] Domestic tourism is a fundamental market segment for the industry, as 51 million traveled throughout the country in 2005,[7] and direct revenues from Brazilian tourists reached USD 21.8 billion,[8] 5.6 times more receipts than international tourists in 2005.

Brazil offers for both domestic and international tourists, an ample gamut of options, with natural areas being its most popular tourism product, a combination of ecotourism with leisure and recreation, mainly sun and beach, and adventure travel, as well as historic and cultural tourism. Among the most popular destinations are the Amazon Rainforest, beaches and dunes in the Northeast Region, the Pantanal in the Center-West Region, beaches at Rio de Janeiro and Santa Catarina, cultural and historic tourism in Minas Gerais and business trips to São Paulo city.

In terms of 2008 Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index (TTCI), which is a measurement of the factors that make it attractive to develop business in the travel and tourism industry of individual countries, Brazil reached the 49th place in the world's ranking, second among Latin American countries, and sixth in the Americas.[9] Brazil main competitive advantages are shown by the subindex measuring human, cultural, and natural resources, where Brazil ranks sixth at the worldwide level, and third when only the natural resources criteria is considered. The TTCI report also notes Brazil's main weaknesses, information and communications technology infrastructure (ranked 58th), ground transport infrastructure (ranked 95th), and safety and security (ranked 128th).[10]

Contents

International tourism

Historical international tourism arrivals
1995-2008
Year International
tourist
arrivals
(x1000)
Annual
growth
(%)
Total
revenue
(millions
USD)
Annual
growth
(%)
1995[11][12] 1,991 - 972 -
2000[11][12] 5,313 - 1,810 -
2003[11][12] 4,133 - 2,479 -
2004[11][12] 4,794 16.0 3,222 30.0
2005[13] 5,358 11.8 3,861 19.8
2006[13] 5,019 -6.3 4,316 1.1
2007[14][15] 5,025 0.1 4,953 14.8
2008[1][4] 5,050 0.5 5,780 16.7
Salvador, capital of Bahia state, is the center of Afro-Brazilian culture, and one of the top destinations by Brazilian nationals and international tourists.
Balneário Camboriú, in Santa Catarina state, is one of the top destinations by domestic and international tourists, mainly Argentines.
Brasília's Cathedral-Basilica of Our Lady Aparecida, in Brasília.
Carnatal in Natal, is one of the largest off-season carnivals in Brazil.

According to the World Tourism Organization (WTO), international travel to Brazil began to grow fast since 2000, particularly during 2004 and 2005. However, in 2006 a slow down took place, and international arrivals have had almost no growth both in 2007 and 2008.[1][2][13] In spite of this trend, revenues from international tourism continue to rise, from USD 3.9 billion in 2005 to USD 4.9 billion in 2007, a one billion dollar increase despite 333 thousand less arrivals. This favorable trend is the result of the strong devaluation of the American dollar against the Brazilian Real, which began in 2004, but on the other hand, making Brazil a more expensive international destination. Also, there have been a market demand contraction of international visitors due the 2006-2007 Brazilian aviation and airport crisis, and Varig Brazilian airline financial crisis, considered responsible for close to 400 thousand international travelers desisting to visit Brazil in 2006.[16]

Despite continuing record breaking of international tourism revenues, the number of Brazilian tourists travelling overseas has been growing steadily since 2003, resulting in a net negative foreign exchange balance, as more money is spent abroad by Brazilian than receipts from international tourist visiting Brazil. Tourism expenditures abroad grew from USD 5.76 billion in 2006, to USD 8.21 billion in 2007, a 42,45% increase, representing a net deficit of USD 3.26 billion in 2007, as compared to USD 1.45 billion in 2006, a 125% increase from the previous year.[17] This trend is caused by Brazilians taking advantage of the stronger Real to travel and making relatively cheaper expenditures abroad.[17] Brazilian traveling overseas in 2006 represented 3.9% of the country's population.[18]

In 2005, Rio de Janeiro, Foz do Iguaçu, São Paulo, Florianópolis and Salvador were the most visited cities by international tourists for leisure trips. The most popular destinations for business trips were São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Porto Alegre.[19] In 2006 Rio de Janeiro and Fortaleza were the most popular destinations by national visitors.[20]

Main destinations visited by international tourists in 2005[19]
Top 10 ranking by travel purpose
Leisure Business
events & conventions
Other purposes
Ranking
(2005)
Destination % Ranking
(2005)
Destination % Ranking
(2005)
Destination %
1st Rio de Janeiro 31.5 1st São Paulo 49.4 1st São Paulo 32.5
2nd Foz do Iguaçu 17.0 2nd Rio de Janeiro 22.3 2nd Rio de Janeiro 25.0
3rd São Paulo 13.6 3rd Porto Alegre 8.2 3rd Belo Horizonte 6.4
4th Florianópolis 12.1 4th Curitiba 5.4 4th Salvador 6.3
5th Salvador 11.5 5th Belo Horizonte 4.1 5th Foz de Iguaçu 5.1
6th Balneário Camboriú 6.7 6th Campinas 4.1 6th Curitiba 4.6
7th Fortaleza 6.4 7th Brasília 3.4 7th Florianópolis 4.0
8th Natal 5.8 8th Foz de Iguaçu 3.0 8th Porto Alegre 3.6
9th Búzios 5.4 9th Salvador 2.7 9th Fortaleza 3.4
10th Manaus 4.0 10th Florianópolis 1.8 10th Brasília 3.1

Most international visitors in 2008 came from Argentina (20.2%), from the United States (12.4%) and from Italy (5.3%), while as a region most visitors came from neighboring South American countries, mainly from Mercosul.[1] Top international arrivals by country of origin between 2006 and 2008 are:

Top 15 visitor arrivals to Brazil by country of origin (2006-2008)[1][14]
Ranking
2008
Country of
origin
Foreign
tourists
2008
 %
total
Foreign
tourists
2007
 %
total
Foreign
tourists
2006
 %
total
1st  Argentina 1,017,675 20.15 920,210 18.31 933,061 18.63
2nd  United States 625,506 12.39 699,169 13.91 721,633 14.41
3rd  Italy 265,724 5.26 268,685 5.35 287,898 5.75
4th  Germany 254,264 5.03 257,719 5.13 277,182 5.53
5th  Chile 240,087 4.75 260,430 5.18 167,357 3.34
6th  Portugal 222,558 4.41 280,438 5.58 299,211 5.97
7th  Paraguay 217,709 4.31 206,323 4.11 198,958 3.97
8th  France 214,440 4.25 254,367 5.06 275,913 5.51
9th  Spain 202,624 4.01 216,373 4.31 211,741 4.23
10th  Uruguay 199,403 3.95 226,111 4.50 255,349 5.10
11th  United Kingdom 181,179 3.59 176,948 3.52 169,627 3.39
12th  Colombia 96,846 1.92 45,838 0.91 50,103 1.00
13th  Peru 93,693 1.86 96,336 1.92 64,002 1.28
14th  Bolivia 84,072 1.66 61,990 1.23 55,169 1.10
15th  Netherlands 81,936 1.62 83,554 1.66 86,122 1.72
International visitor arrivals by region of origin (2006 to 2008)[1][21]
South America 2,070,391 41.0 1,906,451 37.9 1,818,352 36.2
Europe 1,776,333 35.2 1,906,078 37.9 1,951,528 38.9
North America 765,380 15.2 821,921 16.4 855,098 17.0
Iguazu Falls, in state of Paraná.
Advertisements

Comparison with other Latin American destinations

The following is a comparative summary of Brazil's tourism industry key performance indicators as compared with countries considered among the most popular destinations in Latin America, and relevant economic indicators are included to show the relative importance that international tourism has on the economy of the selected countries.

Selected
Latin American
countries
Internl.
tourism
arrivals
2008[22]
(x 1000)
Internl.
tourism
receipts.
2008[22]
(USD
(x1000)
Average
receipt
per visitor
2008[22]
(USD/turista)
Tourist
arrivals
per 1000 inhab
(estimated)
2007[2][13][23]
Receipts
per
capita [24]
2005
USD
Revenues
as %
exports of
goods and
services[5]
2003
Tourism
income
 %
GDP[5]
2003
 % Direct and
indirect
employment
in tourism[5]
2005
World
ranking
Tourism
Competitiv.[9]
TTCI
2008
2008
TTCI
Index[9]
 Argentina 4,665 4,633 993 115 57 7,4 1,8 9,1 58 4,17
 Brazil 5,050 5,785 1,146 26 18 3,2 0,5 7,0 49 4,29
 Chile 2,699 1,757 651 151 73 5,3 1,9 6,8 51 4,27
 Costa Rica 2,089 2,250 1,077 442 343 17,5 8,1 13,3 44 4,35
 Cuba 2,316 2,267 979 188 169 n/d n/d n/d n/d n/d
 Dominican Republic 3,980 4,176 1,049 408 353 36,2 18,8 19,8 63 4,05
 Mexico 22,637 13,289 587 201 103 5,7 1,6 14,2 55 4,18
 Panama 1,293 1,408 1,089 330 211 10,6 6,3 12,9 50 4,29
 Peru 2,058 1,991 967 65 41 9,0 1,6 7,6 70 3,87
 Uruguay 1,921 1,042 542 525 145 14,2 3,6 10,7 61 4,10
  • Note : The background green shadow denotes the country with the best indicator and yellow shadow corresponds to Brazil indicators.

Domestic tourism

Tropical forest in Manaus, is a popular ecotourism destination.

Domestic tourism is a key market segment for the tourism industry in Brazil. In 2005, 51 million Brazilian nationals[7] made ten times more trips than foreign tourists and spent five times more money than their international counterparts. The main destination states in 2005 were São Paulo (27,7%), Minas Gerais (10,8%), Rio de Janeiro (8,4%), Bahia (7,4%) and Santa Catarina (7,2%). The top three states by trip origin were São Paulo (35,7%), Minas Gerais (13,6%) and Rio de Janeiro (8,2%).[7] In terms of tourism revenues, the top earners by state are São Paulo (16,4%) and Bahia (11,7%). For 2005 the three main trip purposes were visiting friends and family (53,1%), sun and beach (40,8%), and cultural tourism (12,5%).[18]

Tourism by regions of Brazil

Southeast Region

Santinho Beach, at Santa Catarina island, Florianópolis. The beaches in Santa Catarina's littoral are one of the main destination for Argentine tourists.
The colonial city of Ouro Preto, a World Heritage Site, is one of the most popular destinations in Minas Gerais.
Genipabu beach and dunes, near Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, is one of the most popular destination among Portuguese tourists in the Northeast Region of Brazil.
The dune beaches of Jijoca de Jericoacoara, Ceará, is one of the most popular destination among Europeans in the Northeast Region of Brazil.

Southern Region

Center-West Region

Northeast Region

North Region

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f EMBRATUR (2009). "Anuário Estatístico de Turismo 2009" (in Portuguese). Ministério de Turismo. http://200.189.169.141/site/arquivos/dados_fatos/Anuario/anuario_estatistico_2009___ano_base_2008.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-05.   See tables 1.1 and 3.8
  2. ^ a b c World Tourism Organization (2008). "UNWTO World Tourism Barometer June 2008". UNWTO. http://www.tourismroi.com/Content_Attachments/27670/File_633513750035785076.pdf. Retrieved 2008-08-08.   Data corresponds to 2007
  3. ^ The World Tourism Organization. "Tourism Highlights 2006 [pdf"]. http://www.worldtourism.org/facts/eng/pdf/highlights/highlights_06_eng_lr.pdf. Retrieved 2006-01-06.  
  4. ^ a b Adair de Oliveira Júnior (2009-01-27). "Gasto de turistas estrangeiros registra recorde em 2008". Centro de Excelência em Turismo, UNB. http://www.cet.unb.br/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=823&Itemid=1. Retrieved 2008-02-01.   Source Brazilian Central Bank
  5. ^ a b c d Carmen Altés (2006). "El Turismo en América Latina y el Caribe y la experiencia del BID" (in Spanish). Inter-American Development Bank; Sustainable Development Department, Technical Paper Series ENV-149, Washington, D.C.. p. 9 and 47. http://idbdocs.iadb.org/wsdocs/getdocument.aspx?docnum=984876. Retrieved 2008-06-14.  
  6. ^ Margerida Coelho (2008). "Distribução Espacial da Ocupação no Setor de Turismo: Brasil e Regiões" (in Portuguese). Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada. http://www.ipea.gov.br/sites/000/2/publicacoes/tds/td_1320.pdf. Retrieved 2008-06-22.  
  7. ^ a b c Fundação Instituto de Pesquisas Econômicas (2007). "Caracterização e Dimensionamento do Turismo Domêstico no Brasil 2002 e 2006" (in Portuguese). Ministério do Turismo. http://200.189.169.141/site/arquivos/dados_fatos/demanda%20turistica/relatorio_executivo___turismo_domestico___2002_e_2006.pdf. Retrieved 2008-06-21.  
  8. ^ Diretoria de Turismo (2006). "Boletim Anual São Paulo Turismo" (in Portuguese) (PDF). Prefeitura de São Paulo. http://www.cidadedesaopaulo.com/pesquisa/pdf/rel_boletim_anual_pesquisas_spturis_%202006.pdf. Retrieved 2008-11-20.   see 2.1.3 "Receitas setor trurístico 2005".
  9. ^ a b c Jennifer Blanke and Thea Chiesa, Editors (2008). "The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report 2008". World Economic Forum, Geneva, Switzerland. http://www.weforum.org/pdf/CGR08/Rankings.pdf. Retrieved 2008-06-14.  
  10. ^ World Economic Forum (2008-03-06). "Country/Economy Profiles: Brazil". The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report 2008. http://www.weforum.org/ttcr08browse/index.html. Retrieved 2008-06-14.  
  11. ^ a b c d World Tourism Organization (2005). "Tourism Market Trends, Annex 5, 2005 Edition". http://unwto.org/facts/eng/pdf/indicators/ITA_Americas.pdf. Retrieved 2008-03-30.  
  12. ^ a b c d World Tourism Organization (2006). "Tourism Market Trends, Annex 12, 2006 Edition". http://unwto.org/facts/eng/pdf/indicators/new/ITR05_americas_US$.pdf. Retrieved 2008-03-30.  
  13. ^ a b c d World Tourism Organization (2007). "UNWTO Tourism Highlights, Edition 2007". UNWTO. http://www.unwto.org/facts/eng/pdf/highlights/highlights_07_eng_hr.pdf. Retrieved 2008-06-14.  
  14. ^ a b EMBRATUR (2008). "Principais Emissores de Turistas para o Brasil 2006-2007" (in Portuguese). Ministério de Turismo. http://200.189.169.141/site/br/dados_fatos/conteudo/emissores_turistas.php?in_secao=404. Retrieved 2008-06-19.  
  15. ^ Facultade Getúlio Vargas (2008). "Boletim de Desempenho Econômico do Turismo" (in Portuguese). Ministério de Turismo. http://200.189.169.141/site/br/dados_fatos/conteudo/emissores_turistas.php?in_secao=404. Retrieved 2008-06-19.   Janeiro 2008, Ano v, nº 17, pp. 2
  16. ^ Facultade Getúlio Vargas (2007). "Boletim de Desempenho Econômico do Turismo" (in Portuguese). Ministério de Turismo. http://200.189.169.141/site/arquivos/dados_fatos/Boletimdedesempenho/boletim_13___fevereiro_de_2007.pdf. Retrieved 2008-06-21.   Fevereiro 2007, Ano IV, nº 13, pp. 3
  17. ^ a b Facultade Getúlio Vargas (2008). "Pesquisa Anual de Conjuntura Econômica do Turismo" (in Portuguese). Ministério de Turismo. http://200.189.169.141/site/arquivos/dados_fatos/pesquisaanual/pacet4_12_mar.pdf. Retrieved 2008-06-22.   Março 2008, Ano IV, pp. 11
  18. ^ a b Fundação Instituto de Pesquisas Econômicas e EMBRATUR (2006). "Caracterização e Dimensionamento do Turismo Domêstico no Brasil 2002 e 2006: Metodologia e Desenvolvimento" (in Portuguese). Ministério do Turismo. http://www.braziltour.com/site/arquivos/dados_fatos/demanda%20turistica/demanda_turismo_domestico_setembro_2006.pdf. Retrieved 2008-06-22.  
  19. ^ a b EMBRATUR (2006). "Anúario Estatístico Volume 33 2006" (in Portuguese). Ministério do Turismo. http://200.189.169.141/site/arquivos/dados_fatos/Anuario/anuario_estatistico_2006_pdf.pdf. Retrieved 2008-06-22.   Tables 4.1 a 4.4: Summary Brasil by trip purpose 2004-2005
  20. ^ [1]
  21. ^ EMBRATUR (2008). "Anuário estatístico 2008" (in Portuguese). Ministério de Turismo. http://200.189.169.141/site/arquivos/anuario_2008___internet.pdf. Retrieved 2008-06-19.   Table 1.1: Tourist Arrivales to Brazil
  22. ^ a b c "UNWTO Tourism Highlights, 2009 Edition". World Tourism Organization. 2009. http://www.unwto.org/facts/menu.html. Retrieved 2009-10-04.   Click on the link "UNWTO Tourism Highlights" to access the pdf report.
  23. ^ United Nations. "UNData. Country profiles". http://data.un.org/CountryProfile.aspx?crName=Argentina. Retrieved 2008-08-08.   Population estimates for 2007 (search on each country profile)
  24. ^ World Tourism Organization (2006). "Tourism Market Trends, Annex 12, 2006 Edition". http://unwto.org/facts/eng/pdf/indicators/new/ITR05_americas_US$.pdf. Retrieved 2008-03-30.  


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message