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Ronda, Spain
Çeşme, Turkey a coastal Turkish town with traditional houses and an Ottoman Castle.
The alpine town of Davos in the Swiss Alps.
Reading, England, is a large town which has unsuccessfully tried to become a city.
.A town is a settlement ranging from a few hundred to several thousand (occasionally hundreds of thousands) inhabitants, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas; the precise meaning varies between countries and is not always a matter of legal definition.^ Although the apparent crust-waves are neither equal in size nor symmetrical in form, this complementary relationship between them is always discernible.

^ Next in importance comes a mountain range, but here there is often difficulty as to the definition of the actual crest-line, and mountain ranges being broad regions, it may happen that a small independent state, like Switzerland or Andorra , occupies the mountain valleys between two or more great countries.

^ The central governments of all civilized countries concerned with external relations are closely similar in their modes of action, but the internal administration may be very varied.

.Usually, a "town" is thought of as larger than a village but smaller than a city, though there are exceptions to this rule.^ City of Atlanta Office of Cultural Affairs to dedicate larger-than-life Kinetic Public Artworks .
  • City of Atlanta Online 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.atlantaga.gov [Source type: News]

^ Where two of the faunal realms meet there is usually, though not always, a mixing of faunas.

^ SpatiallyDisjointRegionType direct specialization of: #$CapitalCityOfRegion    #$USCity is the atomic form of (#$CityInCountryFn #$UnitedStatesOfAmerica)(#$CityInCountryFn #$UnitedStatesOfAmerica ) A specialization of #$City each instance of which is a city, town, or village in the #$UnitedStatesOfAmerica.
  • Geography 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.cyc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Historically, in Great Britain at least, a village became a town only when it had been granted a charter to hold a regular livestock market. This had little to do with the size of the population.
.The word "town" is of native Germanic origin, tūn, from Old English, which means an area of land enclosed by walls or a fence.^ The existence of a good natural harbour is often sufficient to give origin to a town and to fix one end of a line of land communication.

^ The only other important term which requires to be noted here is talweg, a word introduced from the German into French and English, and meaning the deepest line along the valley, which is necessarily occupied by a stream unless the valley is dry.

^ The school district was formed in 1907, and originally encompassed the town of Lubbock, Texas, and all neighboring areas, covering 10 square miles.
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[1]

Contents

Origin of the word and use around the world

The word Town is related to the German word Zaun [tsown ≈ English] the Dutch word tuin [toin ≈ English], and the Norse/Norwegian tun [tun ≈ English]. .The German word zaun comes closest to the original meaning of the word: some sort of fence of any material.^ The deviation is of importance in the movement of air, of ocean currents, and to some extent of rivers.3 In popular usage the words " physical geography " have come to mean geography viewed from a particular standpoint rather than any special department of the subject.

^ Some come from their relatives in Germany and others from their German descendants in Texas .
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^ Although the term has since been limited by some writers to one particular part of the subject, it seems best to maintain the original and literal meaning.

.It is thin and may vary from some vertical piles with only one (electric) wire, to a wooden construction that does not allow one to see through it (ex.^ Drilling began in May 1919 and, with varying success, continued through 1920 with an exploratory wildcat dipping into depths of 4,500 feet--one of the deepest wells drilled to that date.
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^ Only one file has letters from T. A. Hickey but there is some from his wife Clara Boeer Hickey.
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^ I’d never see some one-hit wonder band, but the Furs had so many cool tunes I had to go.
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construction sites), or a safe fence around a prison or, until .1989, between East and West Germany.^ Belgium is a small country in northwestern Europe, bounded on the northwest by the #$NorthSea, on the north by the #$Netherlands, on the east by #$Germany, on the southeast by #$Luxembourg, and on the west by #$France.
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(Although it was called the German Wall, this name originated from the wall in Berlin, made of solid stone and later concrete construction).
.In English and Dutch, the meaning of the word took on the sense of the space these fences used to enclose.^ Lentins use of the word "nakba," meaning catastrophe in Arabic, as a word to describe Israel's very existence illustrates her indifference to scholarship and academic neutrality.
  • DIRT LIST...7000+ Self-Hating Israel-Threatening Jews 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In English that was a small city which could not afford or was not allowed to build walls or other larger fortifications, and built a palisade/stockade instead (many early English settlements in North America used stockades.^ Urban Agriculture in Vancouver: Slideshow by City Farmer "Vancouver is recognized as one of North America's most liveable cities.
  • City Farmer's Urban Agriculture Notes 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.cityfarmer.org [Source type: General]

) .In the Netherlands, this space was a garden, more specifically the richer ones which had a high fence or a wall around them (like the garden of palace 't Loo in Apeldoorn which was the example for the privy garden of William and Mary at Hamptoncourt).^ Note that a particular place may be an instance of two or more instances of #$ContactLocationType, since, for example, one person's home might be another's vacation location.
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^ One would have hoped that more sensible Jews around Jennifer Loewenstein could "rein her in" a bit.
  • DIRT LIST...7000+ Self-Hating Israel-Threatening Jews 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In Norse/Norwegian tun means the (grassy) place between the farm houses.
In Old English and Early and Middle Scots, the word ton, toun, etc. could refer to kinds of settlements as diverse as agricultural estates and holdings, partly picking up the Norse sense (as in the Scots word fermtoun) at one end of the scale, to fortified municipality at the other. If there was ever properly any distinction between toun (fortified municipality) and burgh (unfortified municipality), it did not last in practice as burghs and touns developed. For example "Edina Burgh" or "Edinburgh" (called a city today) was built around a fort and eventually came to have a defensive wall.
.In some cases, "town" is an alternate name for "city" or "village" (especially a larger village).^ SpatiallyDisjointRegionType direct specialization of: #$CapitalCityOfRegion    #$USCity is the atomic form of (#$CityInCountryFn #$UnitedStatesOfAmerica)(#$CityInCountryFn #$UnitedStatesOfAmerica ) A specialization of #$City each instance of which is a city, town, or village in the #$UnitedStatesOfAmerica.
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^ An instance of #$CapitalCityOfRegion is an instance of #$StateCapital just in case it is the capital city of some instance of #$State-Geopolitical (q.v.
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Sometimes, the word "town" is short for "township." .In general, today towns can be differentiated from townships, villages, or hamlets on the basis of their economic character, in that most of a town's population will tend to derive their living from manufacturing industry, commerce, and public service rather than primary industry such as agriculture or related activities.^ The geographers who have hitherto given most attention to the forms of the land have been trained as geologists, and consequently there is a general tendency to make origin or structure the basis of classification rather than form alone.

^ In most cases, however, a very dense population can only be maintained in regions where mineral resources have fixed the site of great manufacturing industries.

^ A further subdivision depends on the character of the inter-relation of land and sea along the shore producing such types as a fjord-coast, ria-coast or lagoon -coast.

.A place's population size is not a reliable determinant of urban character.^ Crescent City is 1.6 square miles in size with a population of 7,542 and a surrounding urban service area of approximately 15,000.
  • City of Crescent City 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC crescentcity.org [Source type: General]

^ General study of hierarchy of urban places, including diffusion within urban hierarchy and theories to account for location and size distribution of cities.
  • UCLA General Catalog: Geography (1995-1997) 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.registrar.ucla.edu [Source type: Academic]

.In many areas of the world, as in India at least until recent times, a large village might contain several times as many people as a small town.^ City Year unites young people of all backgrounds for a year of full-time service, giving them skills and opportunities to change the world.

^ Consequently, the over 7,000 people of Tarrant enjoy the many attributes of both a small city and larger cosmopolitan area.
  • City of Tarrant 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC cityoftarrant.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Welcome to the Town of Boonton's home on the World Wide Web.  Please take a moment to familiarize yourself with our website and its many sections.
  • Welcome to the Town of Boonton 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC boonton.org [Source type: News]

.In the United Kingdom, there are historical cities that are far smaller than the larger towns.^ City of Atlanta Office of Cultural Affairs to dedicate larger-than-life Kinetic Public Artworks .
  • City of Atlanta Online 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.atlantaga.gov [Source type: News]

.The modern phenomenon of extensive suburban growth, satellite urban development, and migration of city-dwellers to villages have further complicated the definition of towns, creating communities urban in their economic and cultural characteristics but lacking other characteristics of urban localities.^ A "Committee 70" was created in January 1969 by the Lubbock Chamber of Commerce and Board of City Development to formulate "goals for the 1970s for the city."
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^ LA Times Story: Vancouver Envisions Radicchio on its Rooftops "The Canadian city sees food-producing gardens in urban residential developments as the wave of the future.
  • City Farmer's Urban Agriculture Notes 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.cityfarmer.org [Source type: General]

^ Our web site includes both local (Vancouver) City Farmer stories and urban agriculture information from around the globe.
  • City Farmer's Urban Agriculture Notes 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.cityfarmer.org [Source type: General]

.Some forms of non-rural settlement, such as temporary mining locations, may be clearly non-rural, but have at best a questionable claim to be called a town.^ Every non-frozen stream flows in (see #$in-ContOpen) some conduit (see #$FluidConduit) such as a streambed or riverbed.
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^ CountrySubsidiary #$USCity #$Entity #$CapitalCityOfRegion #$Individual #$cityInState    city in state (#$cityInState CITY STATE) means that the #$City CITY is located in the geopolitical sub-region STATE. Note that STATE may be an instance of #$State-Geopolitical, or it may be an instance of some other specialization of #$CountrySubsidiary, such as #$Territory.
  • Geography 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.cyc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Towns often exist as distinct governmental units, with legally defined borders and some or all of the appurtenances of local government (e.g., a police force). .In the United States these are referred to as "incorporated towns". In other cases the town lacks its own governance and is said to be "unincorporated". Note that the existence of an unincorporated town may be legally set forth through other means, as through zoning districts.^ This is the case, for instance, in the Caspian sea, the Aral and Balkhash lakes, the Tarim basin, the Sahara, inner Australia, the great basin of the United States and the Titicaca basin.

^ Limited monarchies are (with the exception of Japan) peculiar to Europe, and in these the degree of democratic control may be said to diminish as one passes eastwards from the United Kingdom.

^ He may be said to have set the pattern which was followed in succeeding ages by the compilers of " political geographies " Geschichte der wissenschaftlichen Erdkunde der Griechen (Leipzig, 1891), Abt.

.In the case of some planned communities, the town exists legally in the form of covenants on the properties within the town.^ In some cases a piece of land is only an island at high water, and by imperceptible gradation the form passes into a peninsula.

^ In any case it is fully recognized that the plan of the earth is so clear as to leave no doubt as to its being due to some general cause which should be capable of detection.

^ In the case of centripetal migrations people flock to some particula place where exceptionally favourable conditions have been found to exist.

.The United States Census identifies many Census Designated Places by the names of unincorporated towns which lie within them; however, those CDPs typically include rural and suburban areas and even surrounding villages and other towns.^ Using map-based evidence ONLY, identify and discuss two examples of settlement patterns found in rural areas of the map.
  • Geography ExamBrief - Exam Brief, Education - Independent.ie 18 September 2009 11:56 UTC www.independent.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They include designated historic sites and buildings in Fort Worth and other places, Afro-Mexican history, and Historic Places inventory.
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^ Scope includes agriculture, forest engineering, mining, and other rural uses of land.
  • UCLA General Catalog: Geography (1995-1997) 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.registrar.ucla.edu [Source type: Academic]

.The distinction between a town and a city similarly depends on the approach adopted: a city may strictly be an administrative entity which has been granted that designation by law, but in informal usage, the term is also used to denote an urban locality of a particular size or importance: whereas a medieval city may have possessed as few as 10,000 inhabitants, today some consider an urban place of fewer than 100,000 as a town, even though there are many officially designated cities that are very, very much smaller than that.^ The city quickly became home to 10,000 people on April 22, which is the day of the 1889 Land Run.

^ Study of links between urban social and urban spatial structure, emphasizing urban residential land use, social areas of the city, and accessibility and urban form.
  • UCLA General Catalog: Geography (1995-1997) 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.registrar.ucla.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ A less definite though very practical boundary is that formed by the meeting-line of two languages, or the districts inhabited by two races.

Age of Towns scheme

.Australian geographer Thomas Griffith Taylor proposed a classification of towns based on their age and pattern of land use.^ Using map-based evidence ONLY, identify and discuss two examples of settlement patterns found in rural areas of the map.
  • Geography ExamBrief - Exam Brief, Education - Independent.ie 18 September 2009 11:56 UTC www.independent.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Case studies of changing production organization and ecology of land-use patterns within different and emergent economic and political contexts.
  • UCLA General Catalog: Geography (1995-1997) 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.registrar.ucla.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Geographic patterns of domestication and diffusion of useful plants from antiquity to the present, based on detailed case histories of selected species.
  • UCLA General Catalog: Geography (1995-1997) 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.registrar.ucla.edu [Source type: Academic]

He identified five types of town:[2]

Australia

.In Australia, the status of a town is formally applied in only a few states.^ There is only one Gouverneur in the whole United States, so check out this official website for the Town of Gouverneur and find out what makes us so unique!

.Most states do define cities, and towns are commonly understood to be those centers of population not formally declared to be cities and usually with a population in excess of about 250 people.^ Perhaps the most important sites, from City Farmer's perspective, are people's home gardens.
  • City Farmer's Urban Agriculture Notes 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.cityfarmer.org [Source type: General]

^ The aggregation of population in towns was at one time mainly brought about by the necessity for defence, a fact indicated by the defensive sites of many old towns.

[citation needed]
The creation and delimitation of Local Government Areas is the responsibility of the state and territory Governments. .In all states and the Northern Territory each incorporated area has an official status.^ Annexation Survey The City of Perris is conducting a study of all land within its sphere of influence and is considering incorporating three different areas into the City.
  • Welcome to the City of Perris 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC cityofperris.org [Source type: General]

^ It's an established community with an abundance of park lands, older homes and convenient access to all parts of the tri-state metropolitan area.
  • Welcome to the Town of Boonton 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC boonton.org [Source type: News]

^ Overview_Description: Entity_and_Attribute_Overview: The dataset contains records for named geographic features located in the United States, its Territories and Outlying Areas.
  • Geographic Names Information System Metadata 11 September 2009 5:54 UTC geonames.usgs.gov [Source type: Reference]

The various LGA status types currently in use are:[citation needed]
  • New South Wales: Cities (C) and Areas (A)
  • Victoria: Cities (C), Rural Cities (RC), Boroughs (B) and Shires (S)
  • Queensland: Cities (C), Shires (S), Regions, Towns (T) and Island Councils (IC)
  • South Australia: Cities (C), Rural Cities (RC), Municipalities/Municipal Councils (M), District Councils (DC), Regional Councils (RegC) and Aboriginal Councils (AC)
  • Tasmania: Cities (C) and Municipalities (M)
  • Western Australia: Cities (C), Towns (T) and Shires (S)
  • Northern Territory: Cities (C), Towns (T), Community Government Councils (CGC) and Shires (S).

Austria

In Austria designations are similar to those in Germany with a trichotomy in Gemeinde, Markt(gemeinde) and Stadt.

Bulgaria

In Bulgaria the Council of Ministers defines what constitutes a settlement, while the President of Bulgaria grants each settlement its title. .In 2005 the requirement that villages that wish to classify themselves as town must have a social and technical infrastructure, as well as a population of no less than 3500 persons.^ Number of nights must be less than or equal to 99.

.For resort settlements the requirements are lower with the population needing to be no less than 1000 persons, (infrastructure requirements remain).^ Every geography major is required to pass five quarter courses in foreign language (in no more than two languages) or mathematics, in any combination.
  • UCLA General Catalog: Geography (1995-1997) 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.registrar.ucla.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ By the end of your junior year and no later than the beginning of your senior year, you are required to declare your specific concentration by filing a statement with the undergraduate adviser.
  • UCLA General Catalog: Geography (1995-1997) 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.registrar.ucla.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Every geography/environmental studies major is required to pass five quarter courses in foreign language (in no more than two languages) or mathematics, in any combination.
  • UCLA General Catalog: Geography (1995-1997) 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.registrar.ucla.edu [Source type: Academic]

The historic part of Plovdiv, a major town in central Bulgaria.

Canada

The legal definition of a town in Canada varies by province or territory, as each has jurisdiction over defining and legislating towns, cities and other types of municipal organization within its own boundaries.
.The province of Quebec is unique in that it makes no distinction under law between towns and cities.^ No one form occurs alone, but always grouped together with others in various ways to make up districts, regions and lands of distinctive characters.

.There is no intermediate level in French between village and ville (municipalité is an administrative term usually applied to a legal, not geographical entity), so both are combined under the single legal status of ville.^ Later the school was brought under the jurisdiction of the Church of Christ, and both elementary and high school level courses were taught.
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.While an informal preference may exist among English speakers as to whether any individual ville is commonly referred to as a city or as a town, no distinction and no objective legal criteria exist to make such a distinction under law.^ In case of failure, the student may make one more attempt, but no sooner than three months nor longer than one year from the first examination.
  • UCLA General Catalog: Geography (1995-1997) 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.registrar.ucla.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ No one form occurs alone, but always grouped together with others in various ways to make up districts, regions and lands of distinctive characters.

Chile

In Chile towns are defined by the National Statistics Institute (INE) as an urban entity with a population from 2001 to 5000 or an area with a population from 1001 to 2000 and an established economic activity.

Denmark

In Denmark no distinction is made between "city", "town" and "village"; all three translate as "by".
For small villages and hamlets the word "landsby" is used (appropriately. "country town" or "rural town"). For statistical purposes only such urban areas having at least 200 inhabitants are counted as "by".[3].
Historically some towns held various privileges, the most important of which was the right to hold market. They were administered separately from the rural areas in both fiscal, military and legal matters. Such towns are known as "købstad" (roughly the same meaning as "borough" albeit deriving from a different etymology) and they retain the exclusive right to the title even after the last vestiges of their privileges vanished through the reform of the local administration carried through in 1970.

France

The town of Salins-les-Bains, France
.From an administrative standpoint, the smallest level of local authorities are all called "communes".^ The general aim of RUAF is to facilitate the integration of urban agriculture into the policies and plans of city authorities and to enhance the active involvement of all local stakeholders."
  • City Farmer's Urban Agriculture Notes 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.cityfarmer.org [Source type: General]

However, some laws do treat these authorities differently based on the population and specific rules apply to the three main cities Paris, Lyon and Marseille. .For historical reasons, six communes in the Meuse département still exist as independent entities despite having no inhabitant at all.^ The " argument from design " had been a favourite form of reasoning amongst Christian theologians, and, as worked out by Paley in his Natural Theology , it served the useful purpose of emphasizing the fitness which exists between all the inhabitants of the earth and their physical environment.

^ The only feasible long-term solution must involve a multiracial, multiethnic state which guarantees equal rights for all of its inhabitants, independent of their ethnicity or religion....
  • DIRT LIST...7000+ Self-Hating Israel-Threatening Jews 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To date, there is no evidence of the IDF ever having destroyed a Palestinian library despite PLO accusations.
  • DIRT LIST...7000+ Self-Hating Israel-Threatening Jews 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

For statistical purposes, the national statistical institute (INSEE) operates a distinction between urban areas with fewer than 2,000 inhabitants and bigger communes, the latter being called "villes". Smaller settlements are usually called "villages". .In any case, the French language does not commonly make a difference between towns and cities.^ The Town of Pine Plains makes no representation concerning these web sites and does not assume any responsibility for content found on these web sites.
  • Town Of Pine Plains: Homepage: [Digital Towpath] 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC pineplains-ny.gov [Source type: News]

^ Do you know people who want to make a difference and willing to donate $10 or more to The City Mission?

^ A film that explores the dark and miserable town Basin City and tells the story of three different people, all caught up in the violent corruption of the city.
  • Sin City (2005) 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Germany

Germans do not, in general, differentiate between city and town. .The German word for both is "Stadt" as it is in many other languages that do not make any difference between the Anglo-Saxon concepts.^ Ship making and related nautical businesses prospered, since water was for many years by far the most efficient way to transport both goods and people.
  • http://town.huntington.ny.us/town_history.cfm 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC town.huntington.ny.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Research your answer: Search Answers.com > Wiki Answers > Categories > Literature and Language > English Language > Definitions and Word Differences > Example Sentences > A sentence using geography?
  • WikiAnswers - A sentence using geography 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: Reference]

^ It will contain an Etymology Dictionary, Surname Etymologies, and other helpful resources such as Anglo-Saxon Grammar, Pronunciation Dictionary, Aryan Roots, and more.
  • 20000-NAMES.COM: Female Names / L, Page 1 of 4. Etymologies of names. Meanings and Origins of female names. 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.20000-names.com [Source type: Original source]
  • 20000-NAMES.COM: Male Names / L, Page 1 of 3. Etymologies of names. Meanings and Origins of male names. 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.20000-names.com [Source type: Original source]

A city with more than 100,000 inhabitants is called a "Großstadt". In Germany also the historical importance (many settlements became a "Stadt" by being awarded a "Stadtrecht" in medieval times), the centrality and the population density of an urban place might be taken as characteristics of a "city". The word for a "village", as a smaller settlement, is "Dorf".
.In southern German states the word Markt or Marktflecken designates a town-like residential community between village and city.^ In order to maintain a high level of service, the City of Kissimmee has designed a form for citizens to use as a way to communicate directly with the City.
  • Kissimmee; Florida | Welcome 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.kissimmee.org [Source type: General]

^ These are divided into 41 counties plus the capital of Bucharest, with similar county status.Towns (262), Communes (2,686), Villages (13,149).
  • Romania Geography (Location, Area, Map, Land, Climate, Terrain, Environment) 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.aboutromania.com [Source type: Reference]

^ California City is a master planned community with over 52,000 lots and is the third largest city in land area in the State of California.
  • City of California City Official Website 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC californiacity.com [Source type: News]

.The current local government organization is subject to state law of a state and the related denomination of a specific settlement may differ from its common designation (e.g.^ Contains correspondence, national, state, and local material, printed material, and filmstrips and slides pertaining to UNICEF and UNRWA. The Lubbock Council for the United Nations was organized in 1952.
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.Samtgemeinde - a Lower Saxony legal term for a group of villages (Dorf, pl.^ Expanded Legal Definition of Labor Organization Labor Union A defined group of employees formed for the purposes of representing those employees with the employer as to the terms of a collective contract of employment.
  • Legal Dictionary 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.duhaime.org [Source type: Original source]

Dörfer) with common local government). Designations in different states are as diverse as for example in Australian States and Territories and differ from state to state.

Hong Kong

Main article: List of cities and towns in Hong Kong
Almost every town in Hong Kong has its own town hall. The picture shows the Sha Tin Town Hall in the town of Sha Tin.
Hong Kong started developing new towns in the 1950s, to accommodate booming populations. The very first new towns included Tsuen Wan and Kwun Tong. In the late 1960s and the 1970s, another stage of new town developments was launched. Nine new towns have been developed so far. .Land use is carefully planned and development provides plenty of room for public housing projects.^ The committee's objective was to develop programs, projects and priorities in creating a community development plan designed to produce Lubbock's orderly growth and development in the 1970s.
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^ The Department of Planning and Community Development’s Bureau of Housing HUD Owner Occupied Internal Investigation .
  • City of Atlanta Online 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.atlantaga.gov [Source type: News]

^ Fort McPherson Land Re-Use Plan Slated for Final Approval .
  • City of Atlanta Online 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.atlantaga.gov [Source type: News]

Rail transport is usually available at a later stage. The first towns are Sha Tin, Tsuen Wan, Tuen Mun and Tseung Kwan O. .Tuen Mun was intended to be self-reliant, but was not successful and turned into a bedroom community like the other new towns.^ This commerce was a great source of wealth to Venice; but after the discovery of the new passage round the Cape, and the conquests of the Portuguese, the trade of the East passed into other hands.

More recent developments are Tin Shui Wai and North Lantau (Tung Chung-Tai Ho).

Hungary

In Hungary, a village can gain the status of "város" (town), if it meets a set of diverse conditions for quality of life and development of certain public services and utilities (e.g. having a local secondary school or installing full-area sewage collection pipe network). .Every year the Minister of Internal Affairs selects candidates from a committee-screened list of applicants, whom the President of Republic usually affirms by issuing a bill of town's rank to them.^ Honduras is a democratic nation, led by a president who is elected popularly every four years.
  • Honduras 18 September 2009 11:56 UTC www.hth.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This year, the Zagat Survey ranked Gramercy Tavern, Per Se, and Chanterelle among the most popular restaurants in town (numbers 1, 13, and 17, respectively).
  • CITY magazine : The Destination for Style : Features 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC city-magazine.com [Source type: General]

^ The four additional members of the Town Board are elected for four years terms every two years.

.Since being a town carries extra fiscal support from the government, many relatively small villages try to win the status of "városi rang" nowadays.^ Since being alone in that space is kinda frightening, we choose not to go there and drive out of town for an ocean-side boardwalk instead.
  • town@Everything2.com 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These are divided into 41 counties plus the capital of Bucharest, with similar county status.Towns (262), Communes (2,686), Villages (13,149).
  • Romania Geography (Location, Area, Map, Land, Climate, Terrain, Environment) 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.aboutromania.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Some major attributes of the Town are a sense of "small town character", scenic land- scapes, outstanding school district, vast agricultural lands, and unique environmental settings that support many outdoor recreational activities.
  • Town of Marcellus, New York Government 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC town.marcellusny.com [Source type: General]

Before the fall of communism in 1990, Hungarian villages under 10,000 residents were not allowed to become towns. .Recently some settlements as small as 2,500 souls have received the rank of town (e.g.^ Cape Town Ranked #4 for business in Cape Town 30 reviews “ Almost excellent ” Jan 18, 2010 “ Small modern and charming hotel ” Jan 11, 2010 Cape Grace Hotel photos .
  • Cape Town Hotels: Read Cape Town Hotel Reviews and Compare Prices - TripAdvisor 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC www.tripadvisor.com [Source type: General]

^ Away from the Wasatch Front settlement is in small cities or towns.
  • Physical Geography of Utah 18 September 2009 11:56 UTC historytogo.utah.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Zalakaros or Gönc) and meeting the conditions of development are often disregarded to quickly elevate larger villages into towns.^ These are divided into 41 counties plus the capital of Bucharest, with similar county status.Towns (262), Communes (2,686), Villages (13,149).
  • Romania Geography (Location, Area, Map, Land, Climate, Terrain, Environment) 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.aboutromania.com [Source type: Reference]

^ During their November 2nd, 2009 meeting, the Plan Commission passed proposed amendments to Unified Development Ordinance with a favorable recommendation to the Town Council.
  • Town of Clear Lake Indiana - Steuben County - townofclearlake.org 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC townofclearlake.org [Source type: General]

^ May 7, 2009 Town Meeting Warning Town Meeting Warning Chestnut Hill Apndx A Existing Conditions 20090825.pdf Chestnut Hill Apndx B Alternatives 20090825.pdf .
  • Town of Brattleboro, VT -- Where It Can ALL Happen! 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC brattleboro.org [Source type: General]

.As of early 2007, there are 289 towns in Hungary, encompassing some 65% of the entire population.^ There are some people who do become intimately familar with their town by choosing to conduct their daily business , shopping and recreation , within its confines .
  • town@Everything2.com 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "I believe that in every town, there is some real estate professional who knows his or her city backward and forward," says Tartt.
  • How to Find the Best Location - Entrepreneur.com 22 September 2009 22:40 UTC www.entrepreneur.com [Source type: General]

^ There are some towns throughout the country that are still in the dark ages.
  • Location, Location, Location - Associated Content - associatedcontent.com 22 September 2009 22:40 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

.Towns of more than 50,000 people are able to gain the status of "megyei jog" (town with the rights of a county), which allows them to maintain own courts and a higher degree of autonomy.^ Want to book more than a 1,000 Ocean City condos, motel or hotel rooms?
  • Accommodations: Hotel & Motel Reservations and Condos - Ocean City, Maryland 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC ococean.com [Source type: General]

As of early 2007, there are only 23 such towns in Hungary.[citation needed]

Iceland

(Republic of) Ireland

The Local Government act 2001 provides that from January 1, 2002 (section 10 subsection (3) Within the county in which they are situated and of which they form part, there continue to be such other local government areas as are set out in Schedule 6 which - (a) in the case of the areas set out in Chapter 1 of Part 1 of that Schedule, shall be known as boroughs, and - (b) in the case of the areas set out in Chapter 2 of Part 1 and Part 2 of that Schedule, shall be known as towns, and in this Act a reference to a town shall include a reference to a borough.
These provisions affect the replacement of the boroughs, Towns and urban districts which existed before then. Similar reforms in the nomenclature of local authorities ( but not their functions) are effected by section 11 part 17 of the act includes provision (section 185(2)) Qualified electors of a town having a population of at least 7,500 as ascertained at the last preceding census or such other figure as the Minister may from time to time prescribe by regulations, and not having a town council, may make a proposal in accordance with paragraph (b) for the establishment of such a council and contains provisions enabling the establishment of new town councils and provisions enabling the dissolution of existing or new town councils in certain circumstances
The reference to town having a population of at least 7,500 as ascertained at the last preceding census hands much of the power relating to defining what is in fact a town over to the Central Statistics Office and their criteria are published as part of each census
Planning and Development act 2000
Another reference to the Census and its role in determining what is or is not a town for some administrative purpose is in the Planning and Development act 2000 (part II chapter I which provides for Local area plans)
A local area plan shall be made in respect of an area which —(i) is designated as a town in the most recent census of population, other than a town designated as a suburb or environs in that census, (ii) has a population in excess of 2,000, and (iii) is situated within the functional area of a planning authority which is a county council.
Central Statistics Office Criteria
In short they speak of "towns with legally defined boundaries" ( i.e. those established by the Local Government Act 2001) and the remaining 664 as "census towns", defined by themselves since 1971 as a cluster of 50 or more occupied dwellings in which within a distance of 800 meters there is a nucleus of 30 occupied houses on both sides of the road or twenty occupied houses on one side of the road there is also a 200 meter criterion for determining whether a house is part of a census town.

India

In India, under most state laws, no village or settlement can be classified as a town unless its population crosses 20,000 inhabitants. .On the basis of population and other issues, the state government notifies a larger community (over 10,000) as a notified area, and its administration is under the locally elected notified area committee.^ Contains materials from national, state, and local files, financial materials, photographs, and publications of the National, Texas, and local leagues, as well as other state leagues.
  • L 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.swco.ttu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A settlement over 20,000 population would be classified, with a charter from the state government as a town, with a town area committee.^ Heavily populated areas like major cities would have dozens or even hundreds of EDs while rural counties and places would have only a few or one.
  • NARA 1930 Census Microfilm Locator - Search Strategies - Geographic Method Page 12 September 2009 9:59 UTC 1930census.archives.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Every year in the United States, on average 5% to 20% of the population gets the flu; more than 200,000 people are hospitalized from flu complications and; about 36,000 people die from flu-related causes.
  • Welcome to the Official City of Hurst, Texas Website 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ci.hurst.tx.us [Source type: News]

^ Roma population probably account for 10% of the total population, although government statistics say there are only 420,000 of them.
  • Romania Geography (Location, Area, Map, Land, Climate, Terrain, Environment) 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.aboutromania.com [Source type: Reference]

.Some laws distinguish only towns and villages from each other, but by usage, settlement with larger populations, such as those having a municipal committee or municipal corporation would be called cities.^ Any town or zoning by-laws found on this website are subject to be incorrect, and should be used only as a convenience.
  • North Brookfield, Massachusetts 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC www.northbrookfield.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In turn, some of such Towns contain incorporated villages established for purposes of providing certain municipal services and facilities to their residents.

^ With this theme, we explore some of the possibilities of discovering nature and space using not only ActivInspire, but also innovative applications such as Google Earth.
  • Geography | Faviki. Tags that make sense. 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.faviki.com [Source type: General]

.The recent Census of India classified all settlements above 5000 population (subject to some other rules) as urban areas for the sake of census.In the Census of India 2001, the definition of urban area adopted is as follows: (a) All statutory places with a municipality, corporation, cantonment board or notified town area committee, etc.^ Examination of patterns of population/place/disease interactions and some effects of change and development on disease etiology and problems of health care.
  • UCLA General Catalog: Geography (1995-1997) 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.registrar.ucla.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The school district was formed in 1907, and originally encompassed the town of Lubbock, Texas, and all neighboring areas, covering 10 square miles.
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.(b) A place satisfying the following three criteria simultaneously: i) a minimum population of 5,000; ii) at least 75 per cent of male working population engaged in non-agricultural pursuits; and iii) a density of population of at least 400 per km2.^ Students must complete at least six courses in addition to the three required core courses (Geography 298A, 298B, 298C), for a minimum of 36 units.
  • UCLA General Catalog: Geography (1995-1997) 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.registrar.ucla.edu [Source type: Academic]

(1,000 per sq. mile).[4]

Iran

Shahrak-e Gharb, an example of shahrak in Iran.
In contemporary Persian texts, no distinction is made between "city" and "town"; both translate as "Shahr" (شهر). .In older Persian texts (until the first half of the 20th century), the Arabic word "Qasabeh" (قصبه) was used for a town.^ Lentins use of the word "nakba," meaning catastrophe in Arabic, as a word to describe Israel's very existence illustrates her indifference to scholarship and academic neutrality.
  • DIRT LIST...7000+ Self-Hating Israel-Threatening Jews 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

However, in recent 50 years, this word has become obsolete.
There is a word in Persian which is used for special sort of satellite townships and city neighborhoods. It is Shahrak (شهرک), (lit.: small city). Another smaller type of town or neighborhood in a big city is called Kuy (کوی). Shahrak and Kuy each have their different legal definitions. Large cities such as Tehran, Mashhad, Isfahan, Tabriz, etc. which have millions of populations are referred to as Kalan-shahrکلان‌شهر (metropole).
The pace in which different large villages have gained city status in Iran shows a dramatic increase in the last two decades.
Bigger cities and towns usually are centers of a township (in Persian: Shahrestan (شهرستان). Shahrestan itself is a subdivision of Ostan استان (Province).

Latvia

In Latvia, towns and cities are indiscriminately called pilsēta in singular form. The name is a contraction of two Latvian words: pils (castle) and sēta (fence), making it very obvious what is meant by the word - what is situated between the castle and the castle fence. A village is called ciemats or ciems in Latvian.

Lithuania

In Lithuania, towns are named miestelis or miestas. Cities are named didmiestis. Villages are named kaimas or vienkiemis.

Netherlands

In the Netherlands no distinction is made between "city" and "town"; both translate as "stad".
Before 1848 there was a legal distinction between stad and non-stad parts of the country, but the word no longer has any legal significance. .About 220 places got "stadsrechten" (city rights) and are still so called for historical and traditional reasons, though the word is also used for large urban areas that never got such rights.^ Study of links between urban social and urban spatial structure, emphasizing urban residential land use, social areas of the city, and accessibility and urban form.
  • UCLA General Catalog: Geography (1995-1997) 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.registrar.ucla.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ General study of hierarchy of urban places, including diffusion within urban hierarchy and theories to account for location and size distribution of cities.
  • UCLA General Catalog: Geography (1995-1997) 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.registrar.ucla.edu [Source type: Academic]

For example, The Hage, the third largest settlement of the country, never received official city rights, but is undoubtedly regarded as a city. The contrastive word for a village as a smaller settlement is dorp.

Poland

.Similarly to Germany, in Poland there is no official distinction between a city and a town.^ Now, in 2004, there's an effort underway to formalize a sister city relationship between Madison and Rafah, Gaza Strip.
  • DIRT LIST...7000+ Self-Hating Israel-Threatening Jews 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The word for both is miasto (as distinct from a village or wieś). .Town status is conferred by administrative decree – some settlements remain villages even though they have a larger population than many smaller towns.^ Arabs can more easily "get to" and murder even more Jews than they can now!
  • DIRT LIST...7000+ Self-Hating Israel-Threatening Jews 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In many cases, they will form a small village.
  • Geography ExamBrief - Exam Brief, Education - Independent.ie 18 September 2009 11:56 UTC www.independent.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The aggregation of population in towns was at one time mainly brought about by the necessity for defence, a fact indicated by the defensive sites of many old towns.

See List of cities and towns in Poland.

Portugal

.Like other Iberian languages, in Portuguese there is a traditional distinction between towns — vilas — and cities — cidades.^ Now, in 2004, there's an effort underway to formalize a sister city relationship between Madison and Rafah, Gaza Strip.
  • DIRT LIST...7000+ Self-Hating Israel-Threatening Jews 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The difference is defined by law[5], and a town must have:
  • at least 3,000 inhabitants
  • at least half of these services:
    • health unit
    • pharmacy
    • cultural center
    • public transportation network
    • post office
    • commercial food and drinking establishments
    • primary school
    • bank office
.In special cases, some villages may be granted the status of town if they possess historical, cultural or architectonic importance.^ In many cases, they will form a small village.
  • Geography ExamBrief - Exam Brief, Education - Independent.ie 18 September 2009 11:56 UTC www.independent.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Portuguese urban settlements heraldry reflects the difference between towns and cities[6], with the coat of arms of a town bearing a crown with 4 towers, while the coat of arms of a city bears a crown with 5 towers.^ The difference is merely in power: The immense damage caused to West Bank towns by Israel's military technology cannot be compared to the limited damage caused by Palestinian terrorism in Israel's cities."
  • DIRT LIST...7000+ Self-Hating Israel-Threatening Jews 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Study of links between urban social and urban spatial structure, emphasizing urban residential land use, social areas of the city, and accessibility and urban form.
  • UCLA General Catalog: Geography (1995-1997) 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.registrar.ucla.edu [Source type: Academic]

.This difference between towns and cities is still in use in other Portuguese speaking countries, but in Brazil is no longer in use.^ Town & Country, REALTORS® participates in MREIS' Maine Internet Data Exchange "Maine IDX" program, allowing us to display other Maine IDX participants' listings.
  • Maine real estate agents | Houses for sale | Town & Country, REALTORS® 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC www.tcreal.com [Source type: News]

^ Study of links between urban social and urban spatial structure, emphasizing urban residential land use, social areas of the city, and accessibility and urban form.
  • UCLA General Catalog: Geography (1995-1997) 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.registrar.ucla.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The difference is merely in power: The immense damage caused to West Bank towns by Israel's military technology cannot be compared to the limited damage caused by Palestinian terrorism in Israel's cities."
  • DIRT LIST...7000+ Self-Hating Israel-Threatening Jews 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Russia

The town of Reutov is separated from the city of Moscow just by the MKAD highway.
.Unlike English, the Russian language does not distinguish the terms "city" and "town"—both are translated as "город" (gorod).^ The terms employed, especially for the subdivisions, cannot be easily translated into other languages, and the English equivalents in the following table are only put forward tentatively Richthofen'S Classification Of Mountains I .

Traditionally, the term "city" is applied to large metropolitan areas and the term "town"—to smaller urban localities. Occasionally the term is applied to urban-type settlements as well, even though the status of those is not the same as that of a city/town proper.

Sweden

Sweden canceled the official legal term Town (in Swedish: Stad) in the year 1971. Only the word Municipality (in Swedish: Kommun. In US English approximately County) was used, making no legal difference between Stockholm and a countryside municipality. Before that there were a number of terms like "stad"/Town, "köping"/large village etc. The definition of Town (stad) was that it was given such a title. .Since the 1980s some municipalities (13 out of 290), who were "stad" before 1971, again call themselves town (stad), but only in tourist advertising.^ Lindley was a stock farmer and surveyor who laid out the town of Commerce, Texas.
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This has no legal or administrative significance whatsoever, and the municipalities have to use the word "kommun" in laws. In other cases the seat of the municipality is called "town".
.There is no difference between city and town, both translates to "stad" in Swedish.^ The difference is merely in power: The immense damage caused to West Bank towns by Israel's military technology cannot be compared to the limited damage caused by Palestinian terrorism in Israel's cities."
  • DIRT LIST...7000+ Self-Hating Israel-Threatening Jews 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Now, in 2004, there's an effort underway to formalize a sister city relationship between Madison and Rafah, Gaza Strip.
  • DIRT LIST...7000+ Self-Hating Israel-Threatening Jews 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The word "stad" is still in use in Sweden, referring to places which were "stad" before 1971. Statistics Sweden defines a "stad" as an urban area of at least 10,000 inhabitants.^ Study of links between urban social and urban spatial structure, emphasizing urban residential land use, social areas of the city, and accessibility and urban form.
  • UCLA General Catalog: Geography (1995-1997) 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.registrar.ucla.edu [Source type: Academic]

Ukraine

.There is no difference in the Ukrainian language between the notions of "town" and "city". Both these words are translated into Ukrainian as "місто" (misto).^ The difference is merely in power: The immense damage caused to West Bank towns by Israel's military technology cannot be compared to the limited damage caused by Palestinian terrorism in Israel's cities."
  • DIRT LIST...7000+ Self-Hating Israel-Threatening Jews 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Now, in 2004, there's an effort underway to formalize a sister city relationship between Madison and Rafah, Gaza Strip.
  • DIRT LIST...7000+ Self-Hating Israel-Threatening Jews 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The smallest population of a city of Ukraine can be about 10,000. Cities/towns should be distinguished from urban-type settlements ("селище міського типу", selyshche mis'koho typu; informally "містечко", mistechko), which, although urban in nature, do not have a city status.^ The aggregation of population in towns was at one time mainly brought about by the necessity for defence, a fact indicated by the defensive sites of many old towns.

As a rule, the population of an urban-type settlement is between 2,000 and 10,000.

United Kingdom

England and Wales

File:Rugby town center.jpg
A traditional English town center at Rugby
.In England and Wales, a town traditionally was a settlement which had a charter to hold a market or fair and therefore became a "market town". Market towns were distinguished from villages in that they were the economic hub of a surrounding area, and were usually larger and had more facilities.^ This makes the village very accessible to the surrounding area.
  • Geography ExamBrief - Exam Brief, Education - Independent.ie 18 September 2009 11:56 UTC www.independent.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In modern usage the term town is used either for old market towns, or for settlements which have a Town Council, or for settlements which elsewhere would be classed a city, but which do not have the legal right to call themselves such.^ [See photo at right] You're a first class fool, Howie, and the Arabs are using you as one!
  • DIRT LIST...7000+ Self-Hating Israel-Threatening Jews 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Atlantic House Bed & Breakfast 1920s Victorian Charm Bed and Breakfast located in Old Town Ocean City, a short walk to many major attractions.
  • Accommodations: Hotel & Motel Reservations and Condos - Ocean City, Maryland 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC ococean.com [Source type: General]

.Any parish council can decide to describe itself as a Town Council, but this will usually only apply to the smallest "towns" (because larger towns will be larger than a single civil parish).^ For information on how to apply to be considered for appointment by the Town Council, please email or call Town Hall.

.Not all settlements which are commonly described as towns have a "Town Council" or "Borough Council". In fact, because of many successive changes to the structure of local government, there are now few large towns which are represented by a body closely related to their historic borough council.^ A small castle town in the 16th century, Edo became Japan's political center in 1603 when Tokugawa Ieyasu established his feudal government there.

^ The body of inhabitants resident in a town; as, the town voted to send two representatives to the legislature; the town voted to lay a tax for repairing the highways.
  • town@Everything2.com 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Our goals are to make the town government readily accessible to every resident, and to keep our residents inform ed. The news page offers a complete set of all changes and updates to this site, so make sure you visit that every time you visit the site.
  • North Brookfield, Massachusetts 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC www.northbrookfield.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

These days, a smaller town will usually be part of a local authority which covers several towns. .And where a larger town is the seat of a local authority, the authority will usually cover a much wider area than the town itself (either a large rural hinterland, or several other, smaller towns).^ The unusual phenomena was also observed over several other towns in the South Plains.
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^ The school district was formed in 1907, and originally encompassed the town of Lubbock, Texas, and all neighboring areas, covering 10 square miles.
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^ On large-scale maps it is necessary to show two coast-lines, one for the highest, the other for the lowest tide ; but in small-scale maps a single line is usually wider than is required to Coast- represent the whole breadth of the inter-tidal zone.

Additionally, there are "new towns" which were created during the 20th century, such as Basildon, Redditch and Telford. .Milton Keynes was designed to be a "new city" but legally it is still a town despite its size.^ New York City SeaWiFS False Color Stills .
  • SVS Search Keyword: Physical geography 18 September 2009 11:56 UTC svs.gsfc.nasa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ New York City SeaWiFS True Color Stills .
  • SVS Search Keyword: Physical geography 18 September 2009 11:56 UTC svs.gsfc.nasa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Some settlements which describe themselves as towns (e.g. Shipston-on-Stour, Warwickshire) are smaller than some large villages (e.g. Kidlington, Oxfordshire).
The status of a city is reserved for places that have Letters Patent entitling them to the name, historically associated with the possession of a cathedral. Some large municipalities (such as Northampton and Bournemouth) are legally boroughs but not cities, whereas some cities are quite small — such as Ely or St David's for instance.
.It appears that a city may become a town, though perhaps only through administrative error: Rochester (Kent) has been a city for centuries but, when in 1998 when the Medway district was created, a bureaucratic blunder meant that Rochester lost its official city status and is now technically a town.^ Its sole purpose is to promote the growth of the city of Lubbock, Texas becoming actively involved through the business and commercial industries of the local area.
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^ Lubbock County, Texas created in the latter part of the 19 th Century has grown from a small community to the home of the city of Lubbock, Texas.
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It is often thought that towns with bishops' seats rank automatically as cities: however, Chelmsford remains a town despite being the seat of the diocese of Chelmsford. St. Asaph, which is the seat of the diocese of St Asaph, is another such town. In reality, the pre-qualification of having a cathedral of the established Church of England, and the formerly established Church in Wales or Church of Ireland, ceased to apply from 1888.
.The word town can also be used as a general term for urban areas, including cities and in a few cases, districts within cities.^ Study of links between urban social and urban spatial structure, emphasizing urban residential land use, social areas of the city, and accessibility and urban form.
  • UCLA General Catalog: Geography (1995-1997) 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.registrar.ucla.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ General study of hierarchy of urban places, including diffusion within urban hierarchy and theories to account for location and size distribution of cities.
  • UCLA General Catalog: Geography (1995-1997) 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.registrar.ucla.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Case studies of changing production organization and ecology of land-use patterns within different and emergent economic and political contexts.
  • UCLA General Catalog: Geography (1995-1997) 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.registrar.ucla.edu [Source type: Academic]

In this usage, a city is a type of town; a large one, with a certain status. .For example, Greater London is sometimes referred to colloquially as "London town". (The "City of London" is the historical nucleus, informally known as the "Square Mile", and is administratively separate from the rest of Greater London, while the City of Westminster is also technically a city and is also a London borough).^ The school district was formed in 1907, and originally encompassed the town of Lubbock, Texas, and all neighboring areas, covering 10 square miles.
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^ It measures about 30,000 square miles and has a few river tributaries known as water draws.
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Camden Town and Somers Town are districts of London, as New Town is a district of Edinburgh - actually the Georgian centre.

See also

Scotland

A town in Scotland has no specific legal meaning and (especially in areas which were or are still Gaelic-speaking) can refer to a mere collection of buildings (e.g. a .farm-town or in Scots ferm-toun), not all of which might be inhabited, or to an inhabited area of any size which is not otherwise described in terms such as city, burgh, etc.^ The only feasible long-term solution must involve a multiracial, multiethnic state which guarantees equal rights for all of its inhabitants, independent of their ethnicity or religion....
  • DIRT LIST...7000+ Self-Hating Israel-Threatening Jews 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Many locations of greatly different size will be encountered with a name ending with -town, -ton, -toun etc. (or beginning with the Gaelic equivalent baile etc.).
A burgh (pronounced burruh) is the Scots' term for a town or a municipality. .They were highly autonomous units of local government from at least the 12th century until their abolition in 1975 when a new regional structure of local government was introduced across the country.^ The geographical distribution of mountains is intimately associated with the great structural lines of the continents of which they form the culminating region.

^ They have clubs throughout the United States and they promote and support local activities in their cities.
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^ Before the Roman legions were sent into a new region to extend the limits of the empire, it was usual to send out exploring expeditions to report as to the nature of the country.

Usually based upon a town, they had a municipal corporation and certain rights, such as a degree of self-government and representation in the sovereign Parliament of Scotland adjourned in 1707.
The term no longer describes units of local government although various claims are made from time to time that the legislation used was not competent to change the status of the Royal Burghs described below. The status is now chiefly ceremonial but various functions have been inherited by current Councils (e.g. the application of various endowments providing for public benefit) which might only apply within the area previously served by a burgh; in consequence a burgh can still exist (if only as a defined geographical area) and might still be signed as such by the current local authority. .It should be noted that the word 'burgh' is generally not used as a synonym for 'town' or 'city' in everyday speech, but is reserved mostly for government and administrative purposes.^ Search Exclude words from your search See general search tips or using advanced search options In this category All Categories .
  • eBay Search: Advanced Search 18 September 2009 8:08 UTC shop.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Historically, the most important burghs were royal burghs, followed by burghs of regality and burghs of barony. Some newer settlements were only designated as police burghs from the 19th century onward, a classification which also applies to most of the older burghs.

United States

The tiny farming community of Wyatt, Indiana.
.In the United States of America, the meaning of the term town varies from state to state.^ This pizza-face punk stated that he lives in the "United Police States of America."
  • DIRT LIST...7000+ Self-Hating Israel-Threatening Jews 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In some states, a town is an incorporated municipality, that is, one with a charter received from the state, similar to a city (see incorporated town). In others, a town is unincorporated. .In most places, town refers to a small incorporated municipality of less than 10,000 people, although some of these municipalities may be called "cities."^ In the case of centripetal migrations people flock to some particula place where exceptionally favourable conditions have been found to exist.

^ Want to book more than a 1,000 Ocean City condos, motel or hotel rooms?
  • Accommodations: Hotel & Motel Reservations and Condos - Ocean City, Maryland 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC ococean.com [Source type: General]

.The types of municipalities in U.S. states include cities, towns, boroughs, villages, and townships, although most states do not have all five types.^ The sea is the most effective of all, and an island state is recognized as the most stable.

^ Germany (where the units include kingdoms, at least three minor types of monarchies, municipalities and a crown land under a nominated governor), or the United States, where the units are democratic republics.

Many states do not use the term "town" for incorporated municipalities. .In some states, like New England states, New York and Wisconsin, "town" is used in the same way that civil township is used elsewhere.^ Lapp, Benjamin Laqueur, Thomas W. Larkin, Victoria She is on the staff at Evergreen State College, the very same school which produces sickos like Rachel Corrie .
  • DIRT LIST...7000+ Self-Hating Israel-Threatening Jews 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Instead of making Madison, Wisconsin and a terror cesspool like Rafah, Gaza, "sister cities," why not make Wisconsin and Israel "Sister States?"
  • DIRT LIST...7000+ Self-Hating Israel-Threatening Jews 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In other states, such as Michigan, the term "town" has no official meaning and is simply used informally to refer to a populated place, whether incorporated or not.^ The term is also used to refer to communion .
  • Glossary of religious terms starting with "L" 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.religioustolerance.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Expanded Legal Definition of Lessor Letter of Credit An undertaking to pay money on stated terms such as the occurrence of a specified event or document(s).
  • Legal Dictionary 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.duhaime.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Logos : An ancient Pagan Greek term meaning " word " or " reason ", and used to indicate the concept that the universe was governed by a higher form of intelligence.
  • Glossary of religious terms starting with "L" 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.religioustolerance.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Arizona

In Arizona the terms "town" and "city" are largely interchangeable. .A community may incorporate under either a town or a city organization with no regard to population or other restrictions according to Arizona law (see Arizona Revised Statutes, Title 9).^ Each may be subdivided, though not with great exactness, into smaller groups, either according to physical_; characteristics, of which the form of the head is most important, or according to language.

^ Sebastian Munster, on the other hand, in his Cosmographia universalis of 1544, paid no regard to the mathematical basis of Munster.

.Cities may function under slightly differing governmental systems, such as the option to organize a district system for city governments, but largely retain the same powers as towns.^ This committee was organized to study and advise the Lubbock City government on improvements to be made.
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Arizona law also allows for the consolidation of neighboring towns and the unification of a city and a town, but makes no provision for the joining of two adjacent cities.

California

In California, the words "town" and "city" are synonymous by law (see Cal. Govt. Code Secs. 34500-34504). There are two types of cities in California - charter and general law. .Cities organized as charter cities derive their authority from a charter that they draft and file with the state, and which, among other things, states the municipality's name as "City of (Name)" or "Town of (Name)."^ They have clubs throughout the United States and they promote and support local activities in their cities.
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^ Contains materials from national, state, and local files, financial materials, photographs, and publications of the National, Texas, and local leagues, as well as other state leagues.
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^ He also signed a petition stating among other things, "We cannot celebrate the birthday of a state founded on terrorism, massacres and the dispossession of another people from their land.
  • DIRT LIST...7000+ Self-Hating Israel-Threatening Jews 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Government Code Sections 34500-34504 applies to cities organized as general law cities, which differ from charter cities in that they do not have charters but instead operate with the powers conferred them by the pertinent sections of the Government Code.^ The Lubbock United Neighborhood Association (LUNA) is a neighborhood organization whose priorities include crime prevention, zoning and code enforcement, neighborhood responsibility, and pressuring city officials.
  • L 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.swco.ttu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The difference is merely in power: The immense damage caused to West Bank towns by Israel's military technology cannot be compared to the limited damage caused by Palestinian terrorism in Israel's cities."
  • DIRT LIST...7000+ Self-Hating Israel-Threatening Jews 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This committee was organized to study and advise the Lubbock City government on improvements to be made.
  • L 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.swco.ttu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Like charter cities, general law cities may incorporate as "City of (Name)" or "Town of (Name)."^ LÁRISA ( Λάρισα ): Greek name derived from the name of an ancient city, possibly meaning "fortified town."
  • 20000-NAMES.COM: Female Names / L, Page 1 of 4. Etymologies of names. Meanings and Origins of female names. 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.20000-names.com [Source type: Original source]

.Some cities change their minds as to how they want to be called.^ While I can't say for certain how long your net will last I am getting some calls from clients that after 5-7 years of use their net needs some minor repair.
  • Portable Batting Cages with L-Screen 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC cagesplus.com [Source type: General]

^ Political ecology arose when some geographers used aspects of critical geography to look at relations of power and how they affect people's use of the environment.
  • SingaporeMoms - Parenting Encyclopedia - Geography 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.singaporemoms.com [Source type: Academic]

^ He is not sure how they will react to the black latex vinyl dipped netting, but the blue netting did attract them for some reason.
  • Portable Batting Cages with L-Screen 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC cagesplus.com [Source type: General]

The sign in front of the municipal offices in Los Gatos, California, for example, reads "City of Los Gatos", but the words engraved on the building above the front entrance when the city hall was built read "Town of Los Gatos." There are also signs at the municipal corporation limit, some of which welcome visitors to the "City of Los Gatos" while older, adjacent signs welcome people to the "Town of Los Gatos." Meanwhile, the village does not exist in California as a municipal corporation. Instead, the word "town" is commonly used to indicate any unincorporated community that might otherwise be known as an unincorporated village. Additionally, some people may still use the word "town" as shorthand for "township", which is not an incorporated municipality but an administrative division of a county.

Illinois

.In Illinois, the word town has been used both to denote a subdivision of a county called a township[7], and also to denote a form of chartered, incorporated, or unincorporated municipality, more similar to a village, being generally governed by a president and trustees rather than a mayor.^ The geographers who have hitherto given most attention to the forms of the land have been trained as geologists, and consequently there is a general tendency to make origin or structure the basis of classification rather than form alone.

^ B.C.-A.D. 24) followed Eratosthenes rather than Aristotle, but with sympathies which went out more to the human interests than the mathematical basis of geography.

[8] .Under the current Illinois Municipal Code, an incorporated or unincorporated town may choose to incorporate as a city or as a village, but other forms of incorporation are no longer allowed.^ In case of failure, the student may make one more attempt, but no sooner than three months nor longer than one year from the first examination.
  • UCLA General Catalog: Geography (1995-1997) 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.registrar.ucla.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ No one form occurs alone, but always grouped together with others in various ways to make up districts, regions and lands of distinctive characters.

[9]

Nevada

In Nevada, a town has a form of government, but is not considered to be incorporated. .It generally provides a limited range of services, such as land use planning and recreation, while leaving most services to the county.^ In any case it is fully recognized that the plan of the earth is so clear as to leave no doubt as to its being due to some general cause which should be capable of detection.

.Many communities have found this "semi-incorporated" status attractive; the state has only 20 incorporated cities, and towns as large as Paradise (186,020 in 2000 Census), home of the Las Vegas Strip.^ In later times, towns have been more often founded in proximity to valuable mineral resources, and at critical points or nodes on lines of communication.

.Most county seats are also towns, not cities.^ The City of Lubbock is the county seat of Lubbock County, Texas.
  • L 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.swco.ttu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

New England

.In the six New England states, a town is a municipality and a more important unit than the county.^ This system of geography founded a new epoch, and the book - translated into English, Dutch and French - was the unchallenged standard for more than a century.

^ Germany (where the units include kingdoms, at least three minor types of monarchies, municipalities and a crown land under a nominated governor), or the United States, where the units are democratic republics.

.In Connecticut, Rhode Island and 7 out of 14 counties in Massachusetts, in fact, counties only exist as map divisions and have no legal functions; in the other three states, counties are primarily judicial districts, with other functions primarily in New Hampshire and Vermont.^ New York Albany area , Buffalo area , Long Island , New York City , Rochester area , Syracuse area , Westchester County .
  • City-Data.com Forum: Relocation, Moving, Local City Discussions 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.city-data.com [Source type: News]

^ Contains correspondence, financial material, legal material, printed material, and maps concerning the District.
  • L 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.swco.ttu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We get excited about new crops, visitors from other countries, creatures both pest and beneficial --- and because Mike has a new digital camera, this page exists.
  • City Farmer's Urban Agriculture Notes 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.cityfarmer.org [Source type: General]

.In all six, towns perform functions that in most states would be county functions.^ Nevada City , one of the friendliest, liveliest and most colorful of all California Gold Rush towns!

^ The sea is the most effective of all, and an island state is recognized as the most stable.

.The defining feature of a New England town, as opposed to a city, is that a town meeting and a board of selectmen serve as the main form of government for a town, while cities are run by a mayor and a city council.^ During his stay at Gatesville, he served as the town’s mayor from 1928-1936.
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For example, Brookline, Massachusetts is a town, even though it is fairly urban, because of its form of government.

New York

.In New York, a town is similarly a division of the county, but with less importance than in New England.^ Donley County, Texas was created in 1876, settled by a Methodist colony from New York in 1878, and organized in 1882.
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.Of some importance is the fact that, in New York, a town provides a closer level of governance than its enclosing county, providing almost all municipal services to unincorporated areas, called hamlets, and selected services to incorporated areas, called villages.^ Discovery had outrun theory; the rush of new facts made Ptolemy practically obsolete in a generation, after having been the fount and origin of all geography for a millennium .

^ Donley County, Texas was created in 1876, settled by a Methodist colony from New York in 1878, and organized in 1882.
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.In New York, a town typically contains a number of such hamlets and villages.^ Microfilms are acquired particularly for newspapers such as the Globe and Mail, the New York Times and the London Times originally acquired in print format.
  • public:geography [Library Staff Web Site] 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC erl.lakeheadu.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ Contains scrapbook material such diaries and news clippings on Arthur F. Lee.
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.However, due to their independent nature, incorporated villages may exist in two towns or even two counties.^ On May 16, 1955, the Oklahoma-based Livingston Oil Company incorporated and began exploration drilling, development of oil and gas properties, and sale of crude oil and natural gas.
  • L 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.swco.ttu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Everyone in New York State who does not live in an Indian reservation or a city lives in a town and possibly in one of the town's hamlets or villages.^ We live in one of the best and most beautiful cities in the United States.
  • Welcome to Salt Lake City - The Official City Government Website 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.slcgov.com [Source type: News]

^ Relatively new, and listing the diverse selection of wildlife I have had at one point, living or just simply passing through my back garden.
  • Historic Ellicott City, Located in Maryland, listing local history, attractions, businesses, and restaurants & community information. 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC ellicottcity.net [Source type: General]

^ We ask everyone who lives, works or visits Philadelphia to be our brand ambassadors and help establish Philadelphia as a customer-friendly place where anything is possible ...
  • PHILA.GOV | Welcome to the City of Philadelphia 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.phila.gov [Source type: News]

.(Some other states have similar entities called townships.^ Each instance of #$ControlledLand is a geopolitical entity that is at least partially controlled by some other instance of #$GeopoliticalEntity.
  • Geography 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.cyc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He and other S elf- H ating I srael- T hreatening Jews like him openly call for the destruction of the Jewish State.
  • DIRT LIST...7000+ Self-Hating Israel-Threatening Jews 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ CountrySubsidiary #$USCity #$Entity #$CapitalCityOfRegion #$Individual #$cityInState    city in state (#$cityInState CITY STATE) means that the #$City CITY is located in the geopolitical sub-region STATE. Note that STATE may be an instance of #$State-Geopolitical, or it may be an instance of some other specialization of #$CountrySubsidiary, such as #$Territory.
  • Geography 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.cyc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

) In New York, "town" is essentially short for "township."

Oahu

The Hawaiian Island of Oahu has various municipalities that may be referred to as towns. However, the entire island is lumped as a single incorporated city, the City and County of Honolulu. The towns on Oahu are merely unincorporated census designated places.

Pennsylvania

.In Pennsylvania, there is only one municipality which is incorporated as a "town": Bloomsburg.^ Only one file has letters from T. A. Hickey but there is some from his wife Clara Boeer Hickey.
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.Most of the rest of the state is incorporated as townships (there are also boroughs and cities), which function in much the same way as the towns of New York or New England, although they may have different forms of government.^ The planning of towns, cities and rural areas may be seen as applied geography although it also draws heavily upon the arts, the sciences and lessons of history.
  • SingaporeMoms - Parenting Encyclopedia - Geography 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.singaporemoms.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The sophomore full-length from New York City's biggest breakout band since the Strokes is even better than their debut.
  • The L Magazine - New York City's Local Event and Arts & Culture Guide 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.thelmagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ We have attempted to list Asian artists under their family name, although they may be written as last-name-first-name or Westernized as first-name-last-name.
  • Artcyclopedia: Artist Names Beginning L through LA 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.artcyclopedia.com [Source type: General]

Virginia

.In Virginia, a town is an incorporated municipality similar to a city (though with a smaller required minimum population), but while cities are by Virginia law independent of counties, towns are contained within a county.^ These are divided into 41 counties plus the capital of Bucharest, with similar county status.Towns (262), Communes (2,686), Villages (13,149).
  • Romania Geography (Location, Area, Map, Land, Climate, Terrain, Environment) 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.aboutromania.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Contains correspondence, minutes and by-laws, financial material, scrapbooks, newsclippings, and photographs concerning the Lubbock City Council of Parents and Teachers Association.
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^ Related Topics: Countries of the world -- country -- nation -- state -- personal union -- province -- county -- city -- municipality .
  • SingaporeMoms - Parenting Encyclopedia - Geography 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.singaporemoms.com [Source type: Academic]

Wyoming

Wyoming statute indicates towns are incorporated municipalities with populations of less than 4,000. Municipalities of 4,000 or more residents are considered "first-class cities."
.According to the 2006 United States Census Hempstead, New York (western most Town in Long Island, New York) is the largest town in the United States.^ Was born and raised on Long Island, New York.
  • DIRT LIST...7000+ Self-Hating Israel-Threatening Jews 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The sea is the most effective of all, and an island state is recognized as the most stable.

The town of Hempstead has a population of over 760,000 people, making it larger than San Francisco, Boston, or Seattle.

See also

References

  1. ^ The New Oxford American Dictionary, Second Edition, Erin McKean (Editor), 2096 pages, May 2005, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-517077-6
  2. ^ Goodall, B. (1987) The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography. London: Penguin.
  3. ^ http://www.dst.dk/Vejviser/dokumentation/Varedeklarationer/emnegruppe/emne.aspx?sysrid=000766
  4. ^ Indian Census
  5. ^ Law n.º 11/82 (Lei das designações e determinação de categoria das povoações), of June, 2nd
  6. ^ Flags of the World
  7. ^ See the Township Code, 60 ILCS 1 et seq.
  8. ^ See Phillips v. Town of Scales Mound, 195 Ill. 353, 357, 63 N.E. 180 (1902)
  9. ^ See generally Article 2 of the Illinois Municipal Code, 65 ILCS 5/2‑1‑1 et seq.

External links

  • Open-Site Regional — Contains information about towns in numerous countries.
  • Geopolis : research group, university of Paris-Diderot, France — Access to Geopolis Database

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

TOWN, in its most general sense, a collection or aggregation of inhabited houses larger than a village. The O. Eng. tun (M. Eng. toun) meant originally a fence or enclosure, cf. Ger. zaun, hedge, hence an enclosed place. The Scottish and Northern English use of the word for a farmhouse and its buildings, a farmstead, preserves this original meaning, and is paralleled by the Icel. tun, homestead, dwelling-house. A cognate Celtic form meaning a fastness, a strong place, appears in Gael. and Irish dun, Welsh, din, fortress, hill-fort (cf. Welsh dinas, town). This is familiar from the many Latinized names of places, e.g. Lugdunum, Augustodunum, &c. In English law "town" is not a word defined by statute. .For purposes of local government there are boroughs, urban districts and rural districts, but many urban districts are rural in character and the distinction is purely an administrative One (see BOROUGH; CITY; COMMUNE (MEDIEVAL); MUNICIPIUM; ENGLAND: Local Government, and the sections on local administration under various country headings).^ (See City Farmer's country count .
  • City Farmer's Urban Agriculture Notes 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.cityfarmer.org [Source type: General]

^ For this section you need to be able to describe regions under the following headings; .
  • Geography ExamBrief - Exam Brief, Education - Independent.ie 18 September 2009 11:56 UTC www.independent.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its sole purpose is to promote the growth of the city of Lubbock, Texas becoming actively involved through the business and commercial industries of the local area.
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The meaning attached to the term "township" in the local administration of the United States is treated under UNITED STATES: Local Government.


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

.
A town is a community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas.
^ More than 140,000 people live in the tri-state metropolitan area.
  • City of Sioux City Iowa 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.sioux-city.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Town of Brookfield is a community of 6,420 people located about 15 miles west of Milwaukee.

^ The metropolitan area of nearly one million people offers an abundance of cultural arts, major sporting events and opportunities to explore almost any endeavor.
  • City of Tarrant 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC cityoftarrant.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Generally, a "town" is thought of as larger than a village but smaller than a "city."^ While Shallotte is still considered a small Town, it has a lot of amenities that larger cities provide.
  • Town of Shallotte, NC -- Welcome to the Town of Shallotte 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC townofshallotte.org [Source type: General]

^ Or browse by state (first link for each state is for cities with over 6000 residents, second is for smaller towns):  .
  • Stats about all US cities - real estate, relocation info, house prices, home value estimator, recent sales, cost of living, crime, race, income, photos, education, maps, weather, houses, schools, neighborhoods, and more 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.city-data.com [Source type: News]

^ KBV PRESENTS DALLMAN 4 KEY TO CITY. Ceremony marks the first addition of base-load generating capacity for CWLP in more than three decades.
  • Welcome to the Official City of Springfield, Illinois Webpage 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.springfield.il.us [Source type: News]

.The words "city" and "village" came into English from Latin via French.^ The only other important term which requires to be noted here is talweg, a word introduced from the German into French and English, and meaning the deepest line along the valley, which is necessarily occupied by a stream unless the valley is dry.

^ This system of geography founded a new epoch, and the book - translated into English, Dutch and French - was the unchallenged standard for more than a century.

"Town" and "borough" (also "burrow," "burgh," "bury," etc.) are of native Germanic origin, from Old English burg, a fortified settlement, and tūn, an enclosed piece of land.[1]

Contents

Origin and use around the world

In Old English and Old Scots, "Town" (or "toun," "ton," etc.) originally meant a fortified municipality, whereas a borough was not fortified. .But that distinction did not last long, and "Edina Burgh" or "Edinburgh" - modernly called a "city" - was a fortified "town" from its founding.^ Founded in 1636, incorporated into a town in 1738 and then into a city in 1884, Waltham is now a diverse community with various opportunities for living, education, work, and leisure.

^ A Short History of Silver City, Idaho Silver City, Idaho is one of the few old mining towns that did not burn down or become commercialized into a modern city.

^ Meet City Farmer Staff at the Garden or call our Compost Hotline "City Farmer staff both garden and teach at our Demonstration Garden all year long.
  • City Farmer's Urban Agriculture Notes 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.cityfarmer.org [Source type: General]

.In American English, a town is usually a municipal corporation that is smaller than a city but larger than a village.^ A bay is usually smaller than a gulf.
  • Bay (physical geography) - MSN Encarta 18 September 2009 11:56 UTC encarta.msn.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While Shallotte is still considered a small Town, it has a lot of amenities that larger cities provide.
  • Town of Shallotte, NC -- Welcome to the Town of Shallotte 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC townofshallotte.org [Source type: General]

^ Or browse by state (first link for each state is for cities with over 6000 residents, second is for smaller towns):  .
  • Stats about all US cities - real estate, relocation info, house prices, home value estimator, recent sales, cost of living, crime, race, income, photos, education, maps, weather, houses, schools, neighborhoods, and more 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.city-data.com [Source type: News]

.In some cases, "town" is an alternative name for "city" or "village" (especially a larger village).^ SpatiallyDisjointRegionType direct specialization of: #$CapitalCityOfRegion    #$USCity is the atomic form of (#$CityInCountryFn #$UnitedStatesOfAmerica)(#$CityInCountryFn #$UnitedStatesOfAmerica ) A specialization of #$City each instance of which is a city, town, or village in the #$UnitedStatesOfAmerica.
  • Geography 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.cyc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While Shallotte is still considered a small Town, it has a lot of amenities that larger cities provide.
  • Town of Shallotte, NC -- Welcome to the Town of Shallotte 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC townofshallotte.org [Source type: General]

^ LEVEL 3: Snow Emergency: City streets and highways are extremely hazardous and in some cases impassable.
  • City of Anderson, Indiana - Located in Central Indiana 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC cityofanderson.com [Source type: News]

Sometimes, the word "town" is short for "township."
.In general, towns can be differentiated from townships, villages, or hamlets on the basis of their economic character, in that most of a town's population will tend to derive their living from manufacturing industry, commerce, and public service rather than primary industry such as agriculture or related activities.^ The most important of the market-oriented agricultural activities is the dairy industry.
  • Physical Geography of Utah 18 September 2009 11:56 UTC historytogo.utah.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Originally, the city’s economy depended almost entirely on agriculture and related industries.

^ For the most current information on the Macomb Town Center project, call the Township office at 586-992-0710 .
  • Macomb Town Center - Macomb Township, Michigan - Macomb Town Hall 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC macombtowncenter.com [Source type: News]

.A place's population size is not a reliable determinant of urban character.^ Crescent City is 1.6 square miles in size with a population of 7,542 and a surrounding urban service area of approximately 15,000.
  • City of Crescent City 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC crescentcity.org [Source type: General]

^ General study of hierarchy of urban places, including diffusion within urban hierarchy and theories to account for location and size distribution of cities.
  • UCLA General Catalog: Geography (1995-1997) 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.registrar.ucla.edu [Source type: Academic]

.In many areas of the world, as in India at least until recent times, a large village might contain several times as many people as a small town.^ City Year unites young people of all backgrounds for a year of full-time service, giving them skills and opportunities to change the world.

^ Consequently, the over 7,000 people of Tarrant enjoy the many attributes of both a small city and larger cosmopolitan area.
  • City of Tarrant 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC cityoftarrant.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Welcome to the Town of Boonton's home on the World Wide Web.  Please take a moment to familiarize yourself with our website and its many sections.
  • Welcome to the Town of Boonton 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC boonton.org [Source type: News]

.The modern phenomenon of extensive suburban growth, satellite urban development, and migration of city-dwellers to villages have further complicated the definition of towns, creating communities urban in their economic and cultural characteristics but lacking other characteristics of urban localities.^ As a community, we cherish these qualities, but recognize the need for constructive economic development.
  • Beaver City, Utah welcomes you to our City. Come visit! 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.beaverutah.net [Source type: News]

^ Offer comments on economic development proposal Tell the City what you think online or at public meetings.
  • City of Austin - Austin City Connection: Home Page 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ci.austin.tx.us [Source type: General]

^ The City is development friendly and continues to attract new businesses and residential housing projects that improve the quality of life in the community.

.Some forms of non-rural settlement, such as temporary mining locations, may be clearly non-rural, but have at best a questionable claim to be called a town.^ Located on the far left hand side of this page, you will find a subsection entitled: Questions for the Town Manager?
  • Town of Killingly -- Welcome to the Town of Killingly's Website 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC killingly.org [Source type: General]

^ As a result of upgrading the telephone system at the Municipal Offices, all town officials at that location can now be reached by calling the main number, (413) 665-1400.
  • The Town of Deerfield, Massachusetts 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC www.town.deerfield.ma.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Take a Dip in LA's Hottest Pools this Winter Here in LA, hotel pools are an art form, and the ones on this list represent some of the best.

.The distinction between a town and a city similarly depends on the approach adopted: a city may strictly be an administrative entity which has been granted that designation by law, but in informal usage, the term is also used to denote an urban locality of a particular size or importance: whereas a medieval city may have possessed as few as 10,000 inhabitants, today some consider an urban place of fewer than 100,000 as a town, even though there are many officially designated cities that are very, very much smaller than that.^ India, equal to 10 5 or 100 000.
  • Units: L 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.unc.edu [Source type: Reference]

^ There have been many wiser men than I, but few have traveled as much road.
  • L. Ron Hubbard, A Profile - Contents 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.lronhubbard.org [Source type: Academic]

^ A few sections of the website that may be of particular interest are listed below.
  • .:: City of Sonoma ::. 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.sonomacity.org [Source type: General]

Australia

.In Australia, the status of a town is formally applied in only a few states.^ There is only one Gouverneur in the whole United States, so check out this official website for the Town of Gouverneur and find out what makes us so unique!

.Most states do define cities, and towns are commonly understood to be those centres of population not formally declared to be cities and usually with a population in excess of about 250 people.^ What people are saying about Shaky Town: .
  • http://www.shakytown.com/ 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC www.shakytown.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Or browse by state (first link for each state is for cities with over 6000 residents, second is for smaller towns):  .
  • Stats about all US cities - real estate, relocation info, house prices, home value estimator, recent sales, cost of living, crime, race, income, photos, education, maps, weather, houses, schools, neighborhoods, and more 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.city-data.com [Source type: News]

^ Welcome to the Town of Agawam, Massachusetts, U.S.A. Our mission is to connect you with the information, services, and people which comprise our City Government.
  • Town of Agawam, MA - Home Page 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC www.agawam.ma.us [Source type: General]

.The creation and delimitation of Local Government Areas is the responsibility of the state and territory Governments.^ It is privately funded, and receives no monies from the local, state, or federal government.
  • Welcome to the OLD TOWN FERNANDINA Website 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC oldtownfernandina.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We do this by providing responsive, cost-effective and innovative local government services."
  • Official Site of the City of Aventura, City of Excellence 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.cityofaventura.com [Source type: General]

^ News and perspective on Green Mountain politics and government written by the Vermont Press Bureau - Vermont's local state news service since 1935.

.In all states and the Northern Territory each incorporated area has an official status.^ Annexation Survey The City of Perris is conducting a study of all land within its sphere of influence and is considering incorporating three different areas into the City.
  • Welcome to the City of Perris 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC cityofperris.org [Source type: General]

^ It's an established community with an abundance of park lands, older homes and convenient access to all parts of the tri-state metropolitan area.
  • Welcome to the Town of Boonton 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC boonton.org [Source type: News]

^ Overview_Description: Entity_and_Attribute_Overview: The dataset contains records for named geographic features located in the United States, its Territories and Outlying Areas.
  • Geographic Names Information System Metadata 11 September 2009 5:54 UTC geonames.usgs.gov [Source type: Reference]

The various LGA status types currently in use are:
  • New South Wales: Cities (C) and Areas (A)
  • Victoria: Cities (C), Rural Cities (RC), Boroughs (B) and Shires (S)
  • Queensland: Cities (C), Shires (S), Towns (T) and Island Councils (IC)
  • South Australia: Cities (C), Rural Cities (RC), Municipalities/Municipal Councils (M), District Councils (DC), Regional Councils (RegC) and Aboriginal Councils (AC)
  • Western Australia: Cities (C), Towns (T) and Shires (S)
  • Tasmania: Cities (C) and Municipalities (M)
  • Northern Territory: Cities (C), Towns (T), Community Government Councils (CGC) and Shires (S).

References

Austria

.In Austria designations are similar to those in southern Germany with a trichotomy in Gemeinde, Markt and Stadt.^ Aristotle had himself shown that in the southern temperate zone winds similar to those of the northern temperate zone should blow, but from the opposite direction.

France

.From an administrative standpoint, the smallest level of local authorities are all called “communes”.^ Online poker is not legal in all locations, so you need to check with your local law enforcement authorities before playing.

^ We'll keep you posted on all of the latest happenings in the city, as well as offer special promotional discounts to followers from our local business community.
  • Welcome to the Official City of Hurst, Texas Website 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ci.hurst.tx.us [Source type: News]

^ From helping an elderly neighbour with their shopping, to providing legal advice for a local charity, volunteers make a vital contribution to all aspects of community life.

.However, some laws do treat these authorities differently based on the population and specific rules apply to the three main cities Paris, Lyon and Marseille.^ KBV PRESENTS DALLMAN 4 KEY TO CITY. Ceremony marks the first addition of base-load generating capacity for CWLP in more than three decades.
  • Welcome to the Official City of Springfield, Illinois Webpage 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.springfield.il.us [Source type: News]

^ If the information you are seeking is not clear please return to the main page for the specific city department and contact them directly.
  • City of Boulder Home Page 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC ci.boulder.co.us [Source type: News]

^ Annexation Survey The City of Perris is conducting a study of all land within its sphere of influence and is considering incorporating three different areas into the City.
  • Welcome to the City of Perris 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC cityofperris.org [Source type: General]

.For historical reasons, six communes in the Meuse département still exist as independent entities despite having no inhabitant at all.^ The " argument from design " had been a favourite form of reasoning amongst Christian theologians, and, as worked out by Paley in his Natural Theology , it served the useful purpose of emphasizing the fitness which exists between all the inhabitants of the earth and their physical environment.

^ In addition, Obata thought of a "dead eyes" concept involving L having "mostly no eyebrows" and "all-black eyes."
  • L Lawliet - Death Note Wiki 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC deathnote.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lewisville offers a small community atmosphere while still providing all of the urban amenities.

.For statistical purposes, the national statistical institute (INSEE) operates a distinction between urban areas with fewer than 2,000 inhabitants and bigger communes, the latter being called “villes”.^ More than 140,000 people live in the tri-state metropolitan area.
  • City of Sioux City Iowa 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.sioux-city.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Over 120,000 people call Waco home with over 100,000 more in the surrounding areas.
  • Official Site - City of Waco, Texas 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.waco-texas.com [Source type: News]

^ California City is a master planned community with over 52,000 lots and is the third largest city in land area in the State of California.
  • City of California City Official Website 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC californiacity.com [Source type: News]

Smaller settlements are usually called “villages”. .In any case, the French language does not commonly make a difference between towns and cities.^ The Town of Pine Plains makes no representation concerning these web sites and does not assume any responsibility for content found on these web sites.
  • Town Of Pine Plains: Homepage: [Digital Towpath] 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC pineplains-ny.gov [Source type: News]

^ Do you know people who want to make a difference and willing to donate $10 or more to The City Mission?

^ A film that explores the dark and miserable town Basin City and tells the story of three different people, all caught up in the violent corruption of the city.
  • Sin City (2005) 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Germany

.Germans do in general not differentiate between city and town.^ CITY OF CAPE TOWN General Service Enquires 0860 103 089 .
  • Simon's Town or Simonstown as some call it - The Perfect Holiday 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC simonstown.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The German word for both is "Stadt" as it is in many other languages that do not make any difference between the Anglo-Saxon concepts.^ Ship making and related nautical businesses prospered, since water was for many years by far the most efficient way to transport both goods and people.
  • http://town.huntington.ny.us/town_history.cfm 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC town.huntington.ny.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Research your answer: Search Answers.com > Wiki Answers > Categories > Literature and Language > English Language > Definitions and Word Differences > Example Sentences > A sentence using geography?
  • WikiAnswers - A sentence using geography 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: Reference]

^ It will contain an Etymology Dictionary, Surname Etymologies, and other helpful resources such as Anglo-Saxon Grammar, Pronunciation Dictionary, Aryan Roots, and more.
  • 20000-NAMES.COM: Female Names / L, Page 1 of 4. Etymologies of names. Meanings and Origins of female names. 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.20000-names.com [Source type: Original source]
  • 20000-NAMES.COM: Male Names / L, Page 1 of 3. Etymologies of names. Meanings and Origins of male names. 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.20000-names.com [Source type: Original source]

.A town with more than 100,000 inhabitants is called a Großstadt, which is the most adequate equivalence for city.^ More than 140,000 people live in the tri-state metropolitan area.
  • City of Sioux City Iowa 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.sioux-city.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences at the University of Kansas honored 73 students with more than $77,000 in scholarships and awards this spring.
  • KU: Department of Geography 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.geog.ku.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ KBV PRESENTS DALLMAN 4 KEY TO CITY. Ceremony marks the first addition of base-load generating capacity for CWLP in more than three decades.
  • Welcome to the Official City of Springfield, Illinois Webpage 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.springfield.il.us [Source type: News]

.In Germany also the historical importance (many settlements became a Stadt by being awarded a Stadtrecht in medieval times), the centrality and the population density of an urban place might be taken as characteristics of a "city". The word for a village, as a smaller settlement, is Dorf.^ Many of the rural villages where Heart to Honduras works were established by logging companies who stripped the land of the trees, leaving behind settlements of poor peasants.
  • Honduras 18 September 2009 11:56 UTC www.hth.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Heavily populated areas like major cities would have dozens or even hundreds of EDs while rural counties and places would have only a few or one.
  • NARA 1930 Census Microfilm Locator - Search Strategies - Geographic Method Page 12 September 2009 9:59 UTC 1930census.archives.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Affordable housing, one of the nation's shortest commute times, and an increasingly diverse population, make Des Moines a wonderful place to live, work and visit.

.In southern German states the word Markt or Marktflecken designates a town-like residential community between village and city.^ In order to maintain a high level of service, the City of Kissimmee has designed a form for citizens to use as a way to communicate directly with the City.
  • Kissimmee; Florida | Welcome 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.kissimmee.org [Source type: General]

^ These are divided into 41 counties plus the capital of Bucharest, with similar county status.Towns (262), Communes (2,686), Villages (13,149).
  • Romania Geography (Location, Area, Map, Land, Climate, Terrain, Environment) 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.aboutromania.com [Source type: Reference]

^ California City is a master planned community with over 52,000 lots and is the third largest city in land area in the State of California.
  • City of California City Official Website 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC californiacity.com [Source type: News]

.The current local government organisation is subject to Landesrecht (state law of a Bundesland) and the related denomination of a specific settlement may differ from its common designation (e.^ The City Council is the governing body and has the power to make and enforce all laws and policy related to municipal affairs.
  • City of Magnolia, Texas -- 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC cityofmagnolia.com [Source type: General]

^ Another modernized, but very different version, the L-39MS, actually has much more in common with the L-59 than the L-39, despite its designation.
  • Warbird Alley: Aero Vodochody L-39 Albatros / Albatross 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.warbirdalley.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It is privately funded, and receives no monies from the local, state, or federal government.
  • Welcome to the OLD TOWN FERNANDINA Website 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC oldtownfernandina.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

g. .Samtgemeinde - a Lower Saxony legal term for a group of villages (Dorf, pl.^ Expanded Legal Definition of Labor Organization Labor Union A defined group of employees formed for the purposes of representing those employees with the employer as to the terms of a collective contract of employment.
  • Legal Dictionary 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.duhaime.org [Source type: Original source]

Dörfer) with common local government). .Designations in different Bundesländern are as diverse as for example in Australian States and Territories and differ from Bundesland to Bundesland.^ For example, the collection #$State-UnitedStates is an instance of #$SpatiallyDisjointRegionType, since the territories of U.S. states do not overlap.
  • Geography 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.cyc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Hungary

.In Hungary, a village can gain the status of "város" (town), if it meets a set of diverse conditions for quality of life and development of certain public services and utilities (e.g.^ These are divided into 41 counties plus the capital of Bucharest, with similar county status.Towns (262), Communes (2,686), Villages (13,149).
  • Romania Geography (Location, Area, Map, Land, Climate, Terrain, Environment) 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.aboutromania.com [Source type: Reference]

^ This is a free service designed to protect utility lines from damage and to protect the general public from major injury or even death that can result from coming into contact with underground utility lines.
  • City of Seward, Nebraska - Official City of Seward Government Website 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.cityofsewardne.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In turn, some of such Towns contain incorporated villages established for purposes of providing certain municipal services and facilities to their residents.

having a local secondary school or installing full-area sewage collection pipe network). .Every year the Minister of Internal Affairs selects candidates from a committee-screened list of applicants, whom the President of Republic usually affirms by issuing a bill of town's rank to them.^ Honduras is a democratic nation, led by a president who is elected popularly every four years.
  • Honduras 18 September 2009 11:56 UTC www.hth.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This year, the Zagat Survey ranked Gramercy Tavern, Per Se, and Chanterelle among the most popular restaurants in town (numbers 1, 13, and 17, respectively).
  • CITY magazine : The Destination for Style : Features 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC city-magazine.com [Source type: General]

^ The four additional members of the Town Board are elected for four years terms every two years.

.Since being a town carries extra fiscal support from the government, many relatively small villages try to win the status of "városi rang" nowadays.^ Since being alone in that space is kinda frightening, we choose not to go there and drive out of town for an ocean-side boardwalk instead.
  • town@Everything2.com 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These are divided into 41 counties plus the capital of Bucharest, with similar county status.Towns (262), Communes (2,686), Villages (13,149).
  • Romania Geography (Location, Area, Map, Land, Climate, Terrain, Environment) 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.aboutromania.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Some major attributes of the Town are a sense of "small town character", scenic land- scapes, outstanding school district, vast agricultural lands, and unique environmental settings that support many outdoor recreational activities.
  • Town of Marcellus, New York Government 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC town.marcellusny.com [Source type: General]

.Before the fall of communism in 1990, Hungarian villages under 10,000 residents were not allowed to become towns.^ These are divided into 41 counties plus the capital of Bucharest, with similar county status.Towns (262), Communes (2,686), Villages (13,149).
  • Romania Geography (Location, Area, Map, Land, Climate, Terrain, Environment) 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.aboutromania.com [Source type: Reference]

^ In turn, some of such Towns contain incorporated villages established for purposes of providing certain municipal services and facilities to their residents.

^ The convenient location allows our residents to live in a safe, well-maintained community and be just minutes away from two of the largest cities in Texas.
  • Welcome to the Official City of Hurst, Texas Website 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ci.hurst.tx.us [Source type: News]

.Recently some settlements as small as 2,500 souls have received the rank of town (e.g.^ Cape Town Ranked #4 for business in Cape Town 30 reviews “ Almost excellent ” Jan 18, 2010 “ Small modern and charming hotel ” Jan 11, 2010 Cape Grace Hotel photos .
  • Cape Town Hotels: Read Cape Town Hotel Reviews and Compare Prices - TripAdvisor 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC www.tripadvisor.com [Source type: General]

^ Away from the Wasatch Front settlement is in small cities or towns.
  • Physical Geography of Utah 18 September 2009 11:56 UTC historytogo.utah.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Zalakaros or Gönc) and meeting the conditions of development are often disregarded to quickly elevate larger villages into towns.^ These are divided into 41 counties plus the capital of Bucharest, with similar county status.Towns (262), Communes (2,686), Villages (13,149).
  • Romania Geography (Location, Area, Map, Land, Climate, Terrain, Environment) 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.aboutromania.com [Source type: Reference]

^ During their November 2nd, 2009 meeting, the Plan Commission passed proposed amendments to Unified Development Ordinance with a favorable recommendation to the Town Council.
  • Town of Clear Lake Indiana - Steuben County - townofclearlake.org 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC townofclearlake.org [Source type: General]

^ May 7, 2009 Town Meeting Warning Town Meeting Warning Chestnut Hill Apndx A Existing Conditions 20090825.pdf Chestnut Hill Apndx B Alternatives 20090825.pdf .
  • Town of Brattleboro, VT -- Where It Can ALL Happen! 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC brattleboro.org [Source type: General]

.As of early 2007, there are 289 towns in Hungary, encompassing some 65% of the entire population.^ There are some people who do become intimately familar with their town by choosing to conduct their daily business , shopping and recreation , within its confines .
  • town@Everything2.com 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "I believe that in every town, there is some real estate professional who knows his or her city backward and forward," says Tartt.
  • How to Find the Best Location - Entrepreneur.com 22 September 2009 22:40 UTC www.entrepreneur.com [Source type: General]

^ There are some towns throughout the country that are still in the dark ages.
  • Location, Location, Location - Associated Content - associatedcontent.com 22 September 2009 22:40 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

.Towns of more than 50,000 people are able to gain the status of "megyei jog" (town with the rights of a county), which allows them to maintain own courts and a higher degree of autonomy.^ The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences at the University of Kansas honored 73 students with more than $77,000 in scholarships and awards this spring.
  • KU: Department of Geography 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.geog.ku.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ More than 50 miles of rivers and streams, accessible year round, are known French Island, Old Town (M.Daigle Photo) nationwide for small-mouthed bass.
  • City of Old Town, Maine -- Welcome to Old Town, Maine 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC www.old-town.org [Source type: General]

^ These are divided into 41 counties plus the capital of Bucharest, with similar county status.Towns (262), Communes (2,686), Villages (13,149).
  • Romania Geography (Location, Area, Map, Land, Climate, Terrain, Environment) 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.aboutromania.com [Source type: Reference]

As of early 2007, there are only 23 such towns in Hungary.

India

.In India, under most state laws, no village or settlement can be classified as a town unless its population crosses 20,000 inhabitants.^ Town USA General Town Information Search Look-Up for area code & phone prefix and population in the United States.
  • Town USA Area Code & Prefix Search 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC www.town-usa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Every year in the United States, on average 5% to 20% of the population gets the flu; more than 200,000 people are hospitalized from flu complications and; about 36,000 people die from flu-related causes.
  • Welcome to the Official City of Hurst, Texas Website 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ci.hurst.tx.us [Source type: News]

^ Though both incorporated villages are self-governing, the unincorporated area and the villages constitute the Town as a political and governmental subdivision of the State.

.On the basis of population and other issues, the state government notifies a larger community (over 10,000) as a notified area, and its administration is under the locally elected notified area committee.^ Includes nature of local government, political powers of the property industry, big business and community organizations and how these shape the geography of cities.

^ Hurst (population 38,500) is located in the heart of the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area, 10 miles from downtown Fort Worth and 25 miles from downtown Dallas.
  • Welcome to the Official City of Hurst, Texas Website 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ci.hurst.tx.us [Source type: News]

^ A Dixon administration-commissioned report the transit project could generate almost 10,000 jobs.
  • Baltimore City, Maryland Breaking News, Blogs & Video - baltimoresun.com 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.baltimoresun.com [Source type: News]

.A settlement over 20,000 population would be classified, with a charter from the state government as a town, with a town area committee.^ Heavily populated areas like major cities would have dozens or even hundreds of EDs while rural counties and places would have only a few or one.
  • NARA 1930 Census Microfilm Locator - Search Strategies - Geographic Method Page 12 September 2009 9:59 UTC 1930census.archives.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Every year in the United States, on average 5% to 20% of the population gets the flu; more than 200,000 people are hospitalized from flu complications and; about 36,000 people die from flu-related causes.
  • Welcome to the Official City of Hurst, Texas Website 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ci.hurst.tx.us [Source type: News]

^ Roma population probably account for 10% of the total population, although government statistics say there are only 420,000 of them.
  • Romania Geography (Location, Area, Map, Land, Climate, Terrain, Environment) 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.aboutromania.com [Source type: Reference]

.Some laws distinguish only towns and villages from each other, but by usage, settlement with larger populations, such as those having a municipal committee or municipal corporation would be called cities.^ Any town or zoning by-laws found on this website are subject to be incorrect, and should be used only as a convenience.
  • North Brookfield, Massachusetts 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC www.northbrookfield.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In turn, some of such Towns contain incorporated villages established for purposes of providing certain municipal services and facilities to their residents.

^ With this theme, we explore some of the possibilities of discovering nature and space using not only ActivInspire, but also innovative applications such as Google Earth.
  • Geography | Faviki. Tags that make sense. 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.faviki.com [Source type: General]

.The recent Census of India classified all settlements above 5000 population (subject to some other rules) as urban areas for the sake of census.^ The Census Bureau needs you or someone in your household to respond in order to have an accurate and fair count of all populations.

^ It is FULL of fun and games, maps, reproducibles, timelines and how to incorporate it all into other subjects, and it applies to all ages.
  • Geography | The Thomas Jefferson Education Consortium 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.tjed.org [Source type: General]

^ Nearly 80 percent of the growing U.S. population resides in urban areas while the land area dedicated to urban use continues to expand.
  • Geography Live Feed 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC geography.usgs.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1]

Republic of Ireland

The expression “Town” in Ireland has a similar history as in England and Wales and is surrounded by a simililar penumbra of ambiguity. However it is used officially in several different contexts as follows
.The Local Government act 2001 provides that from January 1st 2002 (section 10 subsection (3) Within the county in which they are situated and of which they form part, there continue to be such other local government areas as are set out in Schedule 6 which— (a) in the case of the areas set out in Chapter 1 of Part 1 of that Schedule, shall be known as boroughs, and (b) (b) in the case of the areas set out in Chapter 2 of Part 1 and Part 2 of that Schedule, shall be known as towns, and in this Act a reference to a town shall include a reference to a borough."'^ Since being alone in that space is kinda frightening, we choose not to go there and drive out of town for an ocean-side boardwalk instead.
  • town@Everything2.com 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A destination location is a place that your customer specifically sets out to visit, such as a nail salon, a doctor’s office, a favorite restaurant or an accountant.
  • Location, Location, Location | SCORE 22 September 2009 22:40 UTC www.score.org [Source type: General]

^ Includes nature of local government, political powers of the property industry, big business and community organizations and how these shape the geography of cities.

.These provisions effect the replacement of the boroughs, Towns and urban districts which existed before then.^ Butte County Air Quality Management District has a "Check Before You Light" program, which will be in effect until February 2010.
  • The Official City of Chico Website 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.chico.ca.us [Source type: News]

Similar reforms in the nomeclature of local authorities (but not their functions) are effected by section 11
part 17 of the act includes provision (section 185(2)) Qualified electors of a town having a population of at least 7,500 as ascertained at the last preceding census or such other figure as the Minister may from time to time prescribe by regulations, and not having a town council, may make a proposal in accordance with paragraph (b) for the establishment of such a council and contains provisions enabling the establishment of new town councils and provisions enabling the dissolution of existing or new town councils in certain circumstances
The reference to town having a population of at least 7,500 as ascertained at the last preceding census hands much of the power relating to defining what is in fact a town over to the Central Statistics Office and their criteria are published as part of each census
Planning and Development act 2000 Another reference to the Census and its role in determuining what is or is not a town for some administrative purpose is in the Planning and Development act 2000 (part II chapter I which provides for Local area plans)
.A local area plan shall be made in respect of an area which— (i) is designated as a town in the most recent census of population, other than a town designated as a suburb or environs in that census, (ii) has a population in excess of 2,000, and (iii) is situated within the functional area of a planning authority which is a county council.^ Area within which visible contact can be made.
  • CASDE | Remote Sensing Gallery - L 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC casde.unl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The planning of towns, cities and rural areas may be seen as applied geography although it also draws heavily upon the arts, the sciences and lessons of history.
  • SingaporeMoms - Parenting Encyclopedia - Geography 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.singaporemoms.com [Source type: Academic]

^ GIS can be used to analyse, for example, the impact on the environment of particular kinds of economic activity, or the spatial distribution of particular industries or populations (white collar, blue collar, for example), within urban areas.
  • Economic Geography - ninemsn Encarta 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC au.encarta.msn.com [Source type: Academic]

Central Statistics Office Criteria These are set out in full at http://www.cso.ie/census/documents/census_2006_Appendices.pdf
.In short they speak of “ towns with legally defined boundaries” ( ie those established by the Local Government Act 2001) and the remaining 664 as “census towns", defined by themselves since 1971 as a cluster of 50 or more occupied dwellings in which within a distrance of 800 metres there is a neucleus of 30occupied houses on both sides of the road or twenty occupued houses on one side of the road there is also a 200 metre criterion for determining whether a house is part of a census town.^ The population of the city as of the 1990 census was 10,621, but boasts a daytime population of more than 50,000.
  • City of Springdale, Ohio Home Page 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.springdale.org [Source type: General]

^ The Community Improvement Plan (or CIP) is a planning tool under authority provided under Section 28 of the Planning Act to establish a strategy for public improvements within a defined area (Downtown) and enabling the Town to provide financial incentives that are designed to help stimulate improvements, investments and rehabilitate properties in the CIP area.

^ Housing Authority of the City of Glendale Statement of Interest for the Development of Affordable Housing within the City of Glendale Learn More Updated: November 24, 2009 .

Netherlands

.In the Netherlands there is no distinction at all between "city" and "town", both translate as "stad". Before 1848 there was a legal distinction between stad and non-stad parts of the countries, but nowadays the word has no legal meaning any more.^ Two killed in road mishaps Free legal aid finds no takers in city Longest solar eclipse today Lack of arrangements at city ghats More from jaipur .
  • India City News, Indian Cities | Cities News - Times of India 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC timesofindia.indiatimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Online poker is not legal in all locations, so you need to check with your local law enforcement authorities before playing.

^ East, West or in between, no other part of the city has a richer crop of restaurants than Greenwich Village.
  • New York Region News - The City - The New York Times 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

.About 220 places got "stad rights" and are still called so for historical and traditional reasons, but the word is used too for large urban areas, which never got such rights.^ Community decisions relating to problems of air, water, and land pollution or locational issues, such as where to place industries, schools, and residential areas, also require the skillful use of geographic information.
  • Geography for Life Geographic Skills and Perspectives 11 September 2009 5:54 UTC www.hawaii.edu [Source type: Reference]

^ Livestock dominates Utah agriculture because grazing is the best and sometimes the only reasonable agricultural use for huge areas of the state due to the climate, the landform, or both.
  • Physical Geography of Utah 18 September 2009 11:56 UTC historytogo.utah.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Logos : An ancient Pagan Greek term meaning " word " or " reason ", and used to indicate the concept that the universe was governed by a higher form of intelligence.
  • Glossary of religious terms starting with "L" 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.religioustolerance.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The contrastive word for a village as a smaller settlement is dorp.

Poland

.Similarly to Germany, in Poland there is no difference between city and town.^ East, West or in between, no other part of the city has a richer crop of restaurants than Greenwich Village.
  • New York Region News - The City - The New York Times 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

^ Ken'ichi Matsuyama as L As there is no time delay between the first and second films, the second film begins soon before L supposedly dies.
  • L Lawliet - Death Note Wiki 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC deathnote.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The difference is merely in power: The immense damage caused to West Bank towns by Israel's military technology cannot be compared to the limited damage caused by Palestinian terrorism in Israel's cities."
  • DIRT LIST...7000+ Self-Hating Israel-Threatening Jews 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Polish word for city is miasto and the only difference between a very big village (in Polish wieś) and a small city is the administrative status of the latter one.^ Dunedin is one of only six (6) cities in Florida to have received this grant at this time under the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) Program.
  • City of Dunedin Florida 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.dunedingov.com [Source type: General]

^ Lubbock County, Texas created in the latter part of the 19 th Century has grown from a small community to the home of the city of Lubbock, Texas.
  • L 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.swco.ttu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North, little did we know that not only would we be bringing back one of these very special Limited Edition G&L models, but that we'd actually be bringing home 2 of them!

.Many Polish villages are older than some relatively young cities.^ Ohba believed that the story would not hold much interest if L was significantly older than Light, so Ohba created L as a young adult.
  • L Lawliet - Death Note Wiki 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC deathnote.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For example wieś Mstow is nearly 100 years older than the nearby town of Częstochowa.^ Discover the small town of Petersburg on Mitkof Island, founded more than 100 years ago by rugged Norwegian fishermen.

^ The "Mother City", as Cape Town is known, is the oldest city in South Africa, and its cultural heritage spans more than 300 years.
  • Cape Town Hotels Accommodation - Cape Town Tours - Book Online at discounted rates with cape-town-hotels.travel 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC www.cape-town-hotels.travel [Source type: General]

Russia

Main article: Types of settlements in Russia

Sweden

Sweden cancelled the official legal term Town (in Swedish: Stad) in the year 1971. Only the word Municipality (in Swedish: Kommun. .In US English approximately County) was used, making no legal difference between Stockholm and a countryside municipality.^ You can still yell at me, but I assume no responsibility for your actions and use of the information and disclaim any legal responsibility for any consequences of such actions.

^ The City of New Orleans makes no legal representation that relief will or will not be granted.
  • City Of New Orleans : Home 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.cityofno.com [Source type: News]

^ Geography also deals with the similarities of and differences between people in all parts of the world, where they live, and how they make a living.

Before that there were a number of terms like "stad"/Town, "köping"/large village etc. The definition of Town (stad) was that it was given such a title. .Since the 1980s some municipalities (13 out of 290) call themselves town (stad) meaning the same thing as municipality.^ We realize many residents may find it a challenge to conduct business with the various town offices, especially since some of them have limited hours.
  • North Brookfield, Massachusetts 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC www.northbrookfield.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Working with people you’re on the same page as and want the same things out of music and are where you want them to be musically just makes writing so much easier,” Vasoli says.
  • Person L on MySpace Music - Free Streaming MP3s, Pictures & Music Downloads 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ Although the term has since been limited by some writers to one particular part of the subject, it seems best to maintain the original and literal meaning.

.This has no legal or administrative significance whatsoever, and they have to use the word "kommun" in laws.^ You can still yell at me, but I assume no responsibility for your actions and use of the information and disclaim any legal responsibility for any consequences of such actions.

^ Expanded Legal Definition of Legalese Legalism The rigorous and ruthless adherence to the word of the law, usually combined with a policy to regulate as much as possible.
  • Legal Dictionary 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.duhaime.org [Source type: Original source]

^ K&L Gates believes that effective technology utilization can add significant value and is committed to using it to enhance client service and the law firm’s business.
  • K&L Gates : About K&L Gates : Our Firm 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.klgates.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In other cases the seat of the municipality is called "town". There is no difference between city and town, both translate to stad in Swedish.^ Personally I like Central City and Central City Casinos better than any of the other towns.

^ Ken'ichi Matsuyama as L As there is no time delay between the first and second films, the second film begins soon before L supposedly dies.
  • L Lawliet - Death Note Wiki 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC deathnote.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The firm and its lawyers have provided leadership in articulating both the ethical principles and the business case for pro bono and in exploring the synergy between pro bono and diversity.
  • K&L Gates : About K&L Gates : Our Firm 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.klgates.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

United Kingdom

England and Wales

.In England and Wales, a town traditionally was a settlement which had a charter to hold a market or fair and therefore became a "market town". Market towns were distinguished from villages in that they were the economic hub of a surrounding area, and were usually larger and had more facilities.^ For the environmental studies programs library holdings in the areas of agriculture, biology, geology, indigenous learning, environmental economics, and environmental engineering bolster the Department’s collections of monographs and journals.
  • public:geography [Library Staff Web Site] 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC erl.lakeheadu.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ This makes the village very accessible to the surrounding area.
  • Geography ExamBrief - Exam Brief, Education - Independent.ie 18 September 2009 11:56 UTC www.independent.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The surrounding area then became known as Central City.

.
In modern usage the term town is used either for old market towns, or for settlements which have a Town Council, or for settlements which elsewhere would be classed a city, but which do not have the legal right (by Letters Patent) to call themselves such.
^ Legal terms by first letter: .
  • Legal Dictionary 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.duhaime.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Town Council has declared the rails, spikes, ties, and associated items, and the old freight building on the former Pennsylvania Avenue Railroad property as surplus.

^ Expanded Legal Definition of Lessor Letter of Credit An undertaking to pay money on stated terms such as the occurrence of a specified event or document(s).
  • Legal Dictionary 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.duhaime.org [Source type: Original source]

.Any parish council can decide to describe itself as a Town Council, but this will usually only apply to the smallest "towns" (because larger towns will be larger than a single civil parish).^ For information on how to apply to be considered for appointment by the Town Council, please email or call Town Hall.

.Not all settlements which are commonly described as towns have a "Town Council" or "Borough Council". In fact, because of many successive changes to the structure of local government, there are now few large towns which are represented by a body closely related to their historic borough council.^ A small castle town in the 16th century, Edo became Japan's political center in 1603 when Tokugawa Ieyasu established his feudal government there.

^ The body of inhabitants resident in a town; as, the town voted to send two representatives to the legislature; the town voted to lay a tax for repairing the highways.
  • town@Everything2.com 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Our goals are to make the town government readily accessible to every resident, and to keep our residents inform ed. The news page offers a complete set of all changes and updates to this site, so make sure you visit that every time you visit the site.
  • North Brookfield, Massachusetts 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC www.northbrookfield.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These days, a smaller town will usually will be part of a local authority which covers several towns.^ These circuits are usually designed to be "scalable," so that the same design can be repeated on ever-smaller chips as technology improves.
  • Units: L 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.unc.edu [Source type: Reference]

.And where a larger town is the seat of a local authority, the authority will usually cover a much wider area than the town itself (either a large rural hinterland, or several other, smaller towns.^ Area - comparative: slighty smaller than Oregon, half the size of France, slightly smaller than the United Kingdom, about the combined size of New York and Pennsylvania.
  • Romania Geography (Location, Area, Map, Land, Climate, Terrain, Environment) 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.aboutromania.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The planning of towns, cities and rural areas may be seen as applied geography although it also draws heavily upon the arts, the sciences and lessons of history.
  • SingaporeMoms - Parenting Encyclopedia - Geography 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.singaporemoms.com [Source type: Academic]

^ There is some truck gardening to supply fresh produce to the local markets, but it is much less significant today than it was in the past.
  • Physical Geography of Utah 18 September 2009 11:56 UTC historytogo.utah.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Alternatively there are also "new towns" which were created during the 20th century, such as Basildon, Redditch and Telford.^ During the Middle Ages , Arabs such as Idrisi , Ibn Battuta , and Ibn Khaldun maintained the Greek and Roman techniques and developed new ones.
  • SingaporeMoms - Parenting Encyclopedia - Geography 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.singaporemoms.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In the West during the 20th century , the discipline of geography went through four major phases: environmental determinism , regional geography , the quantitative revolution , and critical geography .
  • SingaporeMoms - Parenting Encyclopedia - Geography 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.singaporemoms.com [Source type: Academic]

.Milton Keynes was designed to be a "new city" but legally it is still a town despite its size.^ The City of New Orleans makes no legal representation that relief will or will not be granted.
  • City Of New Orleans : Home 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.cityofno.com [Source type: News]

^ NEW KING STREET BICYCLE RACKS The City of Charleston’s Civic Design Center and the Department of Economic Development have...

^ New York City SeaWiFS False Color Stills .
  • SVS Search Keyword: Physical geography 18 September 2009 11:56 UTC svs.gsfc.nasa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Curiously some settlements which describe themselves as towns (e.g. Shipston-on-Stour, Warwickshire) are smaller than some large villages (e.g. Kidlington, Oxfordshire).
The status of a city is reserved for places that have Letters Patent entitling them to the name, historically associated with the possession of a cathedral. .Some large municipalities (such as Northampton) are legally boroughs but not cities, whereas some cities are quite small — such as Ely or St David's for instance.^ Some neighboring cities, such as Santa Monica and West Hollywood, protect their tenants with rent control ordinances.
  • Los Angeles City Guide | Hotels, Restaurants & Nightlife | Attractions & Real Estate 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.losangeles.com [Source type: News]

^ Instances of #$StateCapital include the capital cities of instances of #$State-UnitedStates, as well as the capital cities of instances of other specializations of #$State-Geopolitical, such as #$Prefecture and #$Province.
  • Geography 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.cyc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An urban area might be as small as an inner-city street corner or as large as the New York City Metropolitan Area.
  • Geography 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.cyc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It appears that a city may become a town, though perhaps only through administrative error: Rochester (Kent) has been a city for centuries but, when in 1998 when the Medway district was created, a bureaucratic blunder meant that Rochester lost its official City status and it is now technically a town.^ The planning of towns, cities and rural areas may be seen as applied geography although it also draws heavily upon the arts, the sciences and lessons of history.
  • SingaporeMoms - Parenting Encyclopedia - Geography 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.singaporemoms.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The Vice Mayor may serve as the City's top official in the event the Mayor cannot.
  • City of Bradenton -- Welcome to the City of Bradenton's Website! 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.cityofbradenton.com [Source type: General]

^ Its sole purpose is to promote the growth of the city of Lubbock, Texas becoming actively involved through the business and commercial industries of the local area.
  • L 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.swco.ttu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is often thought that towns with bishops' seats rank automatically as cities: however, Chelmsford remains a town despite being the seat of the Diocese of Chelmsford.^ Around the 1930s, this school of thought was widely repudiated as lacking any basis and being prone to (often bigoted) generalizations.
  • SingaporeMoms - Parenting Encyclopedia - Geography 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.singaporemoms.com [Source type: Academic]

St. Asaph, which is the seat of the Diocese of St. Asaph, is another such town. In reality, the pre-qualification of having a cathedral of the established Church of England, and the formerly established Church in Wales or Church of Ireland, ceased to apply from 1888.
.The word town can also be used as a general term for urban areas, including cities.^ As a leader in Chrysler Jeep Dodge sales and service for the Seattle Washington metropolitan area, Town & Country Chrysler Jeep Dodge has access to one of the largest Chrysler Jeep Dodge vehicle inventories including both new and used cars, trucks, vans and SUVs.
  • Town & Country Chrysler Jeep of Seattle Washington -- Serving Seattle, Everett, Kent, Bellevue, Bremerton, and Sammamish Washington with Chrysler Jeep vehicles, service, parts and accessories. 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC www.townandcountryjeep.com [Source type: News]

^ The planning of towns, cities and rural areas may be seen as applied geography although it also draws heavily upon the arts, the sciences and lessons of history.
  • SingaporeMoms - Parenting Encyclopedia - Geography 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.singaporemoms.com [Source type: Academic]

^ We invite you to use the links below to satisfy your curiosity about our beautiful cities, towns and countryside in the area we serve.
  • Town & Country Realty 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC www.tncrealty.com [Source type: General]

.In this usage, a city is a type of town — a large one, with a certain status.^ Nevada City , one of the friendliest, liveliest and most colorful of all California Gold Rush towns!

^ Central City is near ghost town status, again!

.For example, Greater London is a city, but is sometimes referred to affectionately as "London town". (The "City of London" is the historical nucleus, informally known as the "Square Mile", and is a London borough in its own right, the City of Westminster is also a city and London borough).^ On May 6, 1859, John H. Gregory located, staked, and pre-empted the first mining claims in what was to become known as the "Richest Square Mile on Earth."

^ The school district was formed in 1907, and originally encompassed the town of Lubbock, Texas, and all neighboring areas, covering 10 square miles.
  • L 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.swco.ttu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It described in everyday language how the authors grew all their own food right in the middle of the city of Berkeley.
  • City Farmer's Urban Agriculture Notes 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.cityfarmer.org [Source type: General]

Also, going from the suburbs to central London is to "go into town".

United States

.
In the United States of America, the meaning of the term town varies from state to state.^ For instance the phrase "United States of America".
  • COIN COLLECTING TERMINOLOGY and Definitions - Glossary of coin collector L words and terms. 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC cointerms.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Continental and regional variations in terrain, climate, and economic and social life of the United States and Canada, with emphasis on geographical principles, sources of data, and techniques of investigation.
  • IUPUI Course Bulletin: Introduction to IUPUI, School of Liberal Arts 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.indiana.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ In ordinary language in the U.S., a load often means the volume of a pickup truck, a varying unit.
  • Units: L 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.unc.edu [Source type: Reference]

.In some states, a town is an incorporated municipality, that is, one with a charter received from the state, similar to a city.^ For every $1 the city invested in the project, it received $39 in federal and state funds.
  • City of Anderson, Indiana - Located in Central Indiana 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC cityofanderson.com [Source type: News]

^ Nevada City , one of the friendliest, liveliest and most colorful of all California Gold Rush towns!

^ An instance of #$CapitalCityOfRegion is an instance of #$StateCapital just in case it is the capital city of some instance of #$State-Geopolitical (q.v.
  • Geography 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.cyc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In others, a town is unincorporated.
.The types of municipalities in U.S. states include cities, towns, boroughs, villages, and townships (in the sense of Pennsylvania townships and New Jersey townships; for the meaning in other states, see civil township), although most states do not have all five types.^ See all Part Types...
  • eBay Motors - Autos, Used Cars, Motorcycles, Boats, Trucks, Parts, Accessories, RVs and Other Vehicles 18 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.motors.ebay.com [Source type: General]

^ Nagpur: Five arrested in molestation saga The youths, most of them hailing from well off families, have been slapped with kidnapping charges after the distraught victim decided to employ all legal means to punish her tormentors.
  • India City News, Indian Cities | Cities News - Times of India 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC timesofindia.indiatimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Citizen's Resource Guide Schools, health care, City, County and State programs: it's all here, in English and Spanish .
  • Welcome to Salt Lake City - The Official City Government Website 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.slcgov.com [Source type: News]

Many states do not use the term "town" for incorporated municipalities. In some states, for example Wisconsin, "town" is used in the same way that civil township is used in elsewhere. .In other states, such as Michigan, the term "town" has no official meaning and is simply used informally to refer to a populated place, whether incorporated or not.^ The term is also used to refer to communion .
  • Glossary of religious terms starting with "L" 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.religioustolerance.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Expanded Legal Definition of Lessor Letter of Credit An undertaking to pay money on stated terms such as the occurrence of a specified event or document(s).
  • Legal Dictionary 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.duhaime.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Logos : An ancient Pagan Greek term meaning " word " or " reason ", and used to indicate the concept that the universe was governed by a higher form of intelligence.
  • Glossary of religious terms starting with "L" 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.religioustolerance.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the six New England states, a town is a municipality and a more important unit than the county.^ Area - comparative: slighty smaller than Oregon, half the size of France, slightly smaller than the United Kingdom, about the combined size of New York and Pennsylvania.
  • Romania Geography (Location, Area, Map, Land, Climate, Terrain, Environment) 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.aboutromania.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Ivy Tech is the state’s largest public post-secondary institution with more than 130,000 students enrolled annually.
  • City of Anderson, Indiana - Located in Central Indiana 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC cityofanderson.com [Source type: News]

^ Bruce comes to this position with more than thirty years of experience managing remote sensing investigations and applications for natural resources in both the United States and abroad.
  • Geography Live Feed 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC geography.usgs.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In Connecticut, Rhode Island and 7 out of 14 counties in Massachusetts, in fact, counties only exist as map divisions and have no legal functions; in the other three states, counties are primarily judicial districts, with other functions primarily in New Hampshire and Vermont.^ New York Albany area , Buffalo area , Long Island , New York City , Rochester area , Syracuse area , Westchester County .
  • City-Data.com Forum: Relocation, Moving, Local City Discussions 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.city-data.com [Source type: News]

^ Contains correspondence, financial material, legal material, printed material, and maps concerning the District.
  • L 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.swco.ttu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We get excited about new crops, visitors from other countries, creatures both pest and beneficial --- and because Mike has a new digital camera, this page exists.
  • City Farmer's Urban Agriculture Notes 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.cityfarmer.org [Source type: General]

.In all six, towns perform functions that in most states would be county functions.^ Nevada City , one of the friendliest, liveliest and most colorful of all California Gold Rush towns!

^ The sea is the most effective of all, and an island state is recognized as the most stable.

.The defining feature of a New England town, as opposed to a city, is that a town meeting and a board of selectmen serve as the main form of government for a town, while cities are run by a mayor and a city council.^ The City of Springdale has a Charter form of government.
  • City of Springdale, Ohio Home Page 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.springdale.org [Source type: General]

^ Speak at a City Council meeting?
  • City of Alexandria, Virginia 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC alexandriava.gov [Source type: News]

^ Lorraine Simoneau emerged as the person the City and the Board of Directors felt could move the Library forward into this new decade.

For example, Brookline, Massachusetts is a town, even though it is fairly urban, because of its form of government.
.In New York, a town is similarly a division of the county, but with less importance than in New England.^ Area - comparative: slighty smaller than Oregon, half the size of France, slightly smaller than the United Kingdom, about the combined size of New York and Pennsylvania.
  • Romania Geography (Location, Area, Map, Land, Climate, Terrain, Environment) 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.aboutromania.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The sophomore full-length from New York City's biggest breakout band since the Strokes is even better than their debut.
  • The L Magazine - New York City's Local Event and Arts & Culture Guide 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.thelmagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ New York Albany area , Buffalo area , Long Island , New York City , Rochester area , Syracuse area , Westchester County .
  • City-Data.com Forum: Relocation, Moving, Local City Discussions 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.city-data.com [Source type: News]

.Of some importance is the fact that, in New York, a town provides a closer level of governance than its enclosing county, providing almost all municipal services to unincorporated areas, called hamlets and selected services to incorporated areas, called villages.^ Providing a great service for Howard County and the surrounding area.
  • Historic Ellicott City, Located in Maryland, listing local history, attractions, businesses, and restaurants & community information. 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC ellicottcity.net [Source type: General]

^ Area - comparative: slighty smaller than Oregon, half the size of France, slightly smaller than the United Kingdom, about the combined size of New York and Pennsylvania.
  • Romania Geography (Location, Area, Map, Land, Climate, Terrain, Environment) 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.aboutromania.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The sophomore full-length from New York City's biggest breakout band since the Strokes is even better than their debut.
  • The L Magazine - New York City's Local Event and Arts & Culture Guide 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.thelmagazine.com [Source type: General]

.In New York, a town typically contains a number of such hamlets and villages.^ Microfilms are acquired particularly for newspapers such as the Globe and Mail, the New York Times and the London Times originally acquired in print format.
  • public:geography [Library Staff Web Site] 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC erl.lakeheadu.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ Contains scrapbook material such diaries and news clippings on Arthur F. Lee.
  • L 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.swco.ttu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, due to the independent nature of Incorporated Villages, they may exist in two towns or even two counties.^ These are divided into 41 counties plus the capital of Bucharest, with similar county status.Towns (262), Communes (2,686), Villages (13,149).
  • Romania Geography (Location, Area, Map, Land, Climate, Terrain, Environment) 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.aboutromania.com [Source type: Reference]

^ During later years however, the original incorporation was lost and the village was then re-incorporated in 1959 under the name of Springdale.
  • City of Springdale, Ohio Home Page 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.springdale.org [Source type: General]

^ In 1839, the town was officially incorporated as a village under that name.
  • City of Springdale, Ohio Home Page 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.springdale.org [Source type: General]

.Everyone in New York State who does not live in an Indian reservation or a city lives in a town and possibly in one of the town's hamlets or villages.^ We live in one of the best and most beautiful cities in the United States.
  • Welcome to Salt Lake City - The Official City Government Website 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.slcgov.com [Source type: News]

^ Relatively new, and listing the diverse selection of wildlife I have had at one point, living or just simply passing through my back garden.
  • Historic Ellicott City, Located in Maryland, listing local history, attractions, businesses, and restaurants & community information. 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC ellicottcity.net [Source type: General]

^ We ask everyone who lives, works or visits Philadelphia to be our brand ambassadors and help establish Philadelphia as a customer-friendly place where anything is possible ...
  • PHILA.GOV | Welcome to the City of Philadelphia 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.phila.gov [Source type: News]

.(Some other states have similar entities called townships.^ Each instance of #$ControlledLand is a geopolitical entity that is at least partially controlled by some other instance of #$GeopoliticalEntity.
  • Geography 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.cyc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He and other S elf- H ating I srael- T hreatening Jews like him openly call for the destruction of the Jewish State.
  • DIRT LIST...7000+ Self-Hating Israel-Threatening Jews 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ CountrySubsidiary #$USCity #$Entity #$CapitalCityOfRegion #$Individual #$cityInState    city in state (#$cityInState CITY STATE) means that the #$City CITY is located in the geopolitical sub-region STATE. Note that STATE may be an instance of #$State-Geopolitical, or it may be an instance of some other specialization of #$CountrySubsidiary, such as #$Territory.
  • Geography 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.cyc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

) In New York, "town" is essentially short for "township."
.In Pennsylvania, there is only one municipality which is incorporated as a "town": Bloomsburg.^ Only one file has letters from T. A. Hickey but there is some from his wife Clara Boeer Hickey.
  • L 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.swco.ttu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There's only ONE place with anything and everything you want to make your nights come alive – Universal CityWalk, The Entertainment Capital of Orlando.
  • CityWalk: Universal Orlando's Entertainment Hotspot 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.universalorlando.com [Source type: General]

.Most of the rest of the state is incorporated as townships (there are also boroughs and cities), which function in much the same way as the towns of New York or New England, although they may have different forms of government.^ The planning of towns, cities and rural areas may be seen as applied geography although it also draws heavily upon the arts, the sciences and lessons of history.
  • SingaporeMoms - Parenting Encyclopedia - Geography 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.singaporemoms.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The sophomore full-length from New York City's biggest breakout band since the Strokes is even better than their debut.
  • The L Magazine - New York City's Local Event and Arts & Culture Guide 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.thelmagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ We have attempted to list Asian artists under their family name, although they may be written as last-name-first-name or Westernized as first-name-last-name.
  • Artcyclopedia: Artist Names Beginning L through LA 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.artcyclopedia.com [Source type: General]

.In Virginia, a town is an incorporated municipality similar to a city (though with a smaller required minimum population), but while cities are by Virginia law independent of counties, towns are contained within a county.^ These are divided into 41 counties plus the capital of Bucharest, with similar county status.Towns (262), Communes (2,686), Villages (13,149).
  • Romania Geography (Location, Area, Map, Land, Climate, Terrain, Environment) 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.aboutromania.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Contains correspondence, minutes and by-laws, financial material, scrapbooks, newsclippings, and photographs concerning the Lubbock City Council of Parents and Teachers Association.
  • L 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.swco.ttu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Related Topics: Countries of the world -- country -- nation -- state -- personal union -- province -- county -- city -- municipality .
  • SingaporeMoms - Parenting Encyclopedia - Geography 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.singaporemoms.com [Source type: Academic]

In Nevada, a town has a form of government, but is not considered to be incorporated. .It generally provides a limited range of services, such as land use planning and recreation, while leaving most services to the county.^ Urban planning and regional planning use the science of geography to assist in determining how to develop (or not develop) the land to meet particular criteria, such as safety, beauty, economic opportunities, the preservation of the built or natural heritage, etcetera.
  • SingaporeMoms - Parenting Encyclopedia - Geography 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.singaporemoms.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Soil maps and related data in land use analysis and the planning process.
  • IUPUI Course Bulletin: Introduction to IUPUI, School of Liberal Arts 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.indiana.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ We do charge fees for using other services, such as listing items.
  • Your User Agreement 18 September 2009 8:08 UTC pages.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many communities have found this "semi-incorporated" status attractive; the state has only 20 incorporated cities, and towns as large as Paradise (186,020 in 2000 Census), home of the Las Vegas Strip.^ Any collection of houses larger than a village, and not incorporated as a city; also, loosely, any large, closely populated place, whether incorporated or not, in distinction from the country, or from rural communities.
  • town@Everything2.com 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Town of Ocean City, Maryland Department of Tourism • 4001 Coastal Highway Ocean City, Maryland 21842 • 1-800-OC-OCEAN • 1-800-626-2326 Home .
  • Accommodations: Hotel & Motel Reservations and Condos - Ocean City, Maryland 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC ococean.com [Source type: General]

^ Large vacation home in old Ocean City.
  • Accommodations: Hotel & Motel Reservations and Condos - Ocean City, Maryland 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC ococean.com [Source type: General]

.Most county seats are also towns, not cities.^ The City of Lubbock is the county seat of Lubbock County, Texas.
  • L 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.swco.ttu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In California, the words "town" and "city" are synonymous by law (see Cal. Govt. Code Secs. 34500-34504). There are two types of city in California - charter and general law. .Cities organised as charter cities derive their authority from a charter that they draft and file with the state, and which, among other things, states the municipality's name as "City of (Name)" or "Town of (Name)."^ While both factions strive for a common goal, they find themselves at odds with each other for control of the city, and the naaru's favor.
  • Shattrath City - WoWWiki - Your guide to the World of Warcraft 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.wowwiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Instances of #$StateCapital include the capital cities of instances of #$State-UnitedStates, as well as the capital cities of instances of other specializations of #$State-Geopolitical, such as #$Prefecture and #$Province.
  • Geography 20 November 2009 8:39 UTC www.cyc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ LÁRISA ( Λάρισα ): Greek name derived from the name of an ancient city, possibly meaning "fortified town."
  • 20000-NAMES.COM: Female Names / L, Page 1 of 4. Etymologies of names. Meanings and Origins of female names. 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.20000-names.com [Source type: Original source]

.Government Code Sections 34500-34504 applies to cities organised as general law cities, which differ from charter cities in that they do not have charters but instead operate with the powers conferred them by the pertinent sections of the Government Code.^ Shattrath City map The city is divided into four major sections on different levels, separated by lifts or stairs.
  • Shattrath City - WoWWiki - Your guide to the World of Warcraft 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.wowwiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The difference is merely in power: The immense damage caused to West Bank towns by Israel's military technology cannot be compared to the limited damage caused by Palestinian terrorism in Israel's cities."
  • DIRT LIST...7000+ Self-Hating Israel-Threatening Jews 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This City of Philadelphia Zoning web site also enables users to see relevant zoning overlay districts, print maps, and access a link to the Zoning section of the City Code (Section 14).
  • PHILA.GOV | Welcome to the City of Philadelphia 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.phila.gov [Source type: News]

.Like charter cities, general law cities may incorporate as "City of (Name)" or "Town of (Name)."^ LÁRISA ( Λάρισα ): Greek name derived from the name of an ancient city, possibly meaning "fortified town."
  • 20000-NAMES.COM: Female Names / L, Page 1 of 4. Etymologies of names. Meanings and Origins of female names. 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.20000-names.com [Source type: Original source]

.Some cities change their minds as to how they want to be called.^ While I can't say for certain how long your net will last I am getting some calls from clients that after 5-7 years of use their net needs some minor repair.
  • Portable Batting Cages with L-Screen 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC cagesplus.com [Source type: General]

^ Political ecology arose when some geographers used aspects of critical geography to look at relations of power and how they affect people's use of the environment.
  • SingaporeMoms - Parenting Encyclopedia - Geography 16 January 2010 2:49 UTC www.singaporemoms.com [Source type: Academic]

^ He is not sure how they will react to the black latex vinyl dipped netting, but the blue netting did attract them for some reason.
  • Portable Batting Cages with L-Screen 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC cagesplus.com [Source type: General]

.The sign in front of the municipal offices in Colma, California, for example, reads "City of Colma," but the words engraved on the building above the front entrance when the city hall was build read "Town of Colma."^ Chesapeake Youth Committee The February 4, 2010 meeting has been rescheduled to February 23, 2010 and moved to the Treasurer's Office, on the 1st floor of the City Hall building.

^ Another story is that a miner's supply store was in the same area and the sign over the entrance was "Central City Store."

^ The City of Atlanta Selects Earthlink to Build Out Municipal Wireless Network .
  • City of Atlanta Online 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.atlantaga.gov [Source type: News]

.There are also signs at the municipal corporation limit, some of which welcome visitors to the "City of Colma" while older, adjacent signs welcome people to the "Town of Colma."^ We realize many residents may find it a challenge to conduct business with the various town offices, especially since some of them have limited hours.
  • North Brookfield, Massachusetts 26 January 2010 5:36 UTC www.northbrookfield.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Meanwhile, the village does not exist in California, either in colloquial speech or as a municipal corporation. .Instead, the word "town" is commonly used to indicate any unincoporated community that might otherwise be known as an unincoporated village.^ In India the lakh is used commonly instead of the million and commas are used to isolate the number of lakh; for example, the number 5 300 000 is called 53 lakh and written "53,00,000".
  • Units: L 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.unc.edu [Source type: Reference]

.Additionally, some people may still use the word "town" as shorthand for "township," which is not an incorporated municipality but an administrative division of a county.^ After using it for some time my son said, You know, dad, I'll bet there are a lot of people out there who'd love to have what we have.
  • Portable Batting Cages with L-Screen 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC cagesplus.com [Source type: General]

^ In some instances it may be derived from the vocabulary word, meaning simply "lady."
  • 20000-NAMES.COM: Female Names / L, Page 1 of 4. Etymologies of names. Meanings and Origins of female names. 25 January 2010 21:31 UTC www.20000-names.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some eBay sites, services, and tools may have additional or other terms that we provide to you when you use those sites, services, or tools.
  • Your User Agreement 18 September 2009 8:08 UTC pages.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

References

  1. ^ The New Oxford American Dictionary, Second Edition, Erin McKean (Editor), 2096 pages, May 2005, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-517077-6

See also

  • List of towns
  • Company town
  • Town Hall
  • Township
  • Town square
  • Town privileges
  • Town charter
  • Townland
  • Town limits
  • Site

External links

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This article uses material from the "Town" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

]] A town is usually a place with a lot of houses, but not a city. As with cities, there is more than one way to say what a town is in different countries.

In English we also use the word "town" as a general word for places with a lot of houses (cities too). When we say "town" we are normally thinking of a big, important place. For example, London is a city, but people often call it "London town" ("the City of London" is a part of London where there are a lot of banks). Also, going from the outside to central London is to "go into town".

Generally, the difference between towns and villages or hamlets is the sort of economy they have. People in towns usually get money from industry (factories etc.), commerce (shops etc.) and public service (working for the town) not agriculture (growing food).

The number of people who live in a place does not tell us if it is a town or a village. In many areas of the world, for example India, a big village can have many more people than a small town. It is also difficult to say if a place is a town because today, some towns are becoming bigger, and in some places people live in a village or near a town and work in the town.

Sometimes a place is a city because it got the name "city" by law. But people often say it is a town because it is small. In the Middle Ages a place became a town by means of a charter, which granted it town privileges.

The United States

In the United States of America, the meaning of the term town is different in each state. In some states, a town is a town if the state says it is. In other states, for example Wisconsin, a town is a town if it has special powers. In other states, for example Michigan, the name "town" has no official meaning and people use it for any place with a lot of people.

In the six New England states, a town is a smaller part of the county, and in these states, really a more important part than the county. In Connecticut and Rhode Island, counties are only on the map and have no power. In the other four states, counties are mostly places with law powers. The counties with other functions are mostly in New Hampshire and Vermont. In all six, towns do things that in most states counties do. In many of these towns, town meetings are the main form of government, so citizens can say what happens where they live by direct democracy.

In New York, a town is also a smaller part of the county, but with less importance than in New England. In New York, a town gives people more direct power than its county, giving almost all town services to places not in towns, called hamlets, and some services to places in towns, called villages. In New York, a town usually has some hamlets and villages. But, because villages have power without towns (they are independent) they can be in two towns or even two counties. Everyone in New York State who does not live in an Indian reservation (a special place for American Indians) or a city lives in a town, and perhaps in one of the town's hamlets or villages.

In Virginia, a town is similar to a city, but it can have a smaller number of people in it. By Virginia law cities are independent of counties (they have power without counties), towns are part of a county.

England and Wales

In England and Wales, the name "city" is only for places that have a Royal Charter (a special paper) saying they can have that name. In the past, cities usually had a cathedral.

English people often think that when a place has a cathedral it must be a city, but it is not true today. For example, Chelmsford is a town but it has a cathedral.

In the past, a place was usually a town, not a village, when it had a regular market or fair (a market, but not so often). There are some English villages (for example Kidlington, Oxfordshire) larger than some small towns (e.g. Middleham, North Yorkshire).krc:Шахар


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 22, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Town, which are similar to those in the above article.








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