of the People's Republic
This article is part of the
Political divisions of China
|History of its political divisions|
This article is part ofAdministrative divisions
a series on the
of the Republic of China
(also known as "Areas")
and divisions of the
People's Republic of China
A township (Chinese: 乡; pinyin: Xiāng) is the basic level (fourth-level administrative units) of political divisions in China. They are similar to municipalities and communes in other countries and in turn may contain village committees and villages. In 1995 there were 29,502 townships and 17,532 towns (a total of 47,034 township-level divisions) in China.
In the PRC's dual governance system, the township's governance is divided between the Communist Party Township Secretary, and the Mayor (乡长). A township official is the lowest-level ranked official in the CPC government hierarchy. The township has very few defined government responsibilities, except for the Birth Planning Commission (计划生育委员会).
A town (镇; pinyin: zhèn) is larger, often more populous, and less remote than a township.
In the ROC, both xiāng (鄉) and zhèn (鎮) are officially translated as "township," where xiāng are less urban and populous.
A list of townships of China by province: