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Toxorhynchites
Toxorhynchites speciosus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Culicidae
Genus: Toxorhynchites
Theobald, 1901
Species

See text.

Toxorhynchites, also known as mosquito hawks or mosquito eaters, are a cosmopolitan genus and one of the few kinds of mosquito that do not suck blood. Rather, the adults subsist on nectar and other natural carbohydrates. Their larvae prey on the larvae of other mosquitoes.

The name apparently comes from the Greek toxo meaning arrow and rhynch meaning snout.

Most species occur in forests. The larvae of one jungle variety, Toxorhynchites splendens, consume larvae of other mosquito species occurring in tree crevices, particularly Aedes aegypti. The adults of these mosquitoes are larger than Aedes and are harmless to humans.

Disease vector or toxin control researchers have suggested that Toxorhynchites mosquitoes be introduced to areas outside their natural range in order to fight dengue fever.

Species

The genus Toxorhynchites is divided into 4 subgenus and contains 92 species:[1]

  • Toxorhynchites bambusicolus (Lutz and Neiva, 1913)
  • Toxorhynchites brevipapis (Theobald)
  • Toxorhynchites grandiosus (Williston, 1900)
  • Toxorhynchites guadeloupensis (Dyar and Knab, 1906)
  • Toxorhynchites haemorrhoidalis (Fabricius, 1787)
  • Toxorhynchites hexacis (Martini, 1901)
  • Toxorhynchites mariae (Bourroul, 1904)
  • Toxorhynchites montezuma (Dyar and Knab, 1906)
  • Toxorhynchites portoricensis (Roeder, 1885)
  • Toxorhynchites purpureus (Theobald, 1901)
  • Toxorhynchites pusillus (Lima, 1931)
  • Toxorhynchites rutilus
  • Toxorhynchites solstitialis (Lutz, 1904)
  • Toxorhynchites splendens (Wiedemann)
  • Toxorhynchites theobaldi (Dyar and Knab, 1906)
  • Toxorhynchites trichopygus (Wiedemann, 1828)
  • Toxorhynchites violaceus (Wiedemann, 1821)

References

External links

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Cladus: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Cladus: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Antliophora
Ordo: Diptera
Subordo: Nematocera
Infraordo: Culicomorpha
Superfamilia: Culicoidea
Familia: Culicidae
Subfamilia: Culicinae
Tribus: Toxorhynchitini
Genus: Toxorhynchites
Subgenera: T. (Afrorhynchus) - T. (Ankylorhynchus) - T. (Lynchiella) - T. (Toxorhynchites)

Name

Toxorhynchites Theobald, 1901

Type species: Toxorhynchites brevipalpis Theobald, 1901

Synonymy

References

  • Banks, C. S. 1906. A new genus and species of Culicidae. Philippine Journal of Science 1: 779-785.
  • Brunetti, E. 1914. Critical review of genera in Culicidae. Records of the Indian Museum 10: 15-73.
  • Edwards, F. W. 1932. Genera Insectorum. Diptera. Family Culicidae. 258 pp.
  • Lahille, D. F. 1904. Notes sur la classification des moustiques. Actas y Trabajos del Segundo Congreso Medico Latino-Americano, Buenos Aires 2: 71-96.
  • Lane, J. 1944. A tribo Megarhinini no Brasil Meridional. Revista de Entomologia, Rio de Janeiro 15: 172-190.
  • Lane, J. 1953. Neotropical Culicidae, Volume I. São Paulo, Brazil, 548 pp.
  • Leicester, G. F. 1908. The Culicidae of Malaya. Studies from the Institute for Medical Research, Federated Malay States 3: 18-261.
  • Lutz, A. 1904. pg. 53. In: C. Bourroul (ed.), Mosquitos do Brasil. Bahia, 78 pp.
  • Robineau-Desvoidy, J. B. 1827. Essai sur la tribu des Culicides. Mémoires de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris 3: 390-413.
  • Stone, A. 1948. A change of name in mosquitoes. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 50: 161.
  • Theobald, F. V. 1901. A monograph of the Culicidae or mosquitoes. Volume 1. London, 424 pp.
  • Theobald, F. V. 1901. The classification of mosquitoes. The Journal of Tropical Medicine 4: 229-235.

Vernacular names

English: mosquito hawks
日本語: オオカ属
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Category:Toxorhynchites on Wikimedia Commons.

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