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Toy Group is the name of a breed Group of the smallest kinds of dogs, used by kennel clubs to classify a defined collection of dog breeds. Toy Group does not necessarily refer to one particular type of dog. Most major English-language kennel clubs include a Toy Group although different kennel clubs may not include the same breeds in their Toy Group. The international kennel club association, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale, includes toy dogs in Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs, which is then further broken down into eleven Sections based on dog type and breed history.[1]

Contents

Toy dogs

The use of the term toy to refer to dogs is based on tradition, and is not a precise classification. Dogs traditionally referred to as toy dogs are usually the very smallest dogs. Toy dogs can be one of several dog types. Some are of ancient lap dog types, and some are small versions of hunting dog, Spitz, or terrier types, bred down in size for a particular kind of work or to create a pet of convenient size. The very smallest dogs are sometimes called Teacup, although no major dog registry recognizes that term.

The term "toydog" is also criticized, as pets should not be considered being toys. Although there has been attempts to change the term to another, more fitting, there has been no luck.

Toy Group breeds

In general, kennel clubs assign small breeds that are primarily kept as companions and pets to their Toy Group. Some kennel clubs prefer to use the category Companion Group for small and medium-sized dogs kept primarily as pets, and do not recognise a Toy Group. Other kennel clubs group small dogs with large dogs of the same type, or in the Utility Group or Non-Sporting Group.

Comparison of Toy Group breeds of major kennel clubs

Toy Group breeds of major kennel clubs[2]
The Kennel Club (UK) Toy Group Canadian Kennel Club Toy Dogs Group American Kennel Club Toy Group Australian National Kennel Council Toy Dogs Group New Zealand Kennel Club Toy Group
Affenpinscher Affenpinscher Affenpinscher Affenpinscher Affenpinscher
Australian Silky Terrier Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Brussels Griffon (elsewhere Griffon Bruxellois) Australian Silky Terrier Australian Silky Terrier
Bichon Frise Chihuahua (Long Coat) Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Bichon Frise Bichon Frise
Bolognese Chihuahua (Short Coat) Chihuahua (one breed) Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Bolognese
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Chinese Crested Chinese Crested Chihuahua (Long Coat) Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Chihuahua (Long Coat) Coton de Tulear English Toy Spaniel (elsewhere King Charles Spaniel) Chihuahua (Smooth Coat) Chihuahua (Long Coat)
Chihuahua (Smooth Coat) English Toy Spaniel (elsewhere King Charles Spaniel) Havanese Chinese Crested Dog Chihuahua (Smooth Coat)
Chinese Crested Griffon (Brussels) (elsewhere Griffon Bruxellois) Italian Greyhound English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) Chinese Crested Dog
Coton De Tulear Havanese Japanese Chin Griffon Bruxellois English Toy Terrier (Blk & Tan)
English Toy Terrier (Black and Tan) Italian Greyhound Maltese Havanese Griffon Bruxellois
Griffon Bruxellois Japanese Spaniel (elsewhere Japanese Chin) Toy Manchester Terrier Italian Greyhound Havanese
Havanese Maltese Miniature Pinscher Japanese Chin Italian Greyhound
Italian Greyhound Miniature Pinscher Papillon King Charles Spaniel Japanese Chin
Japanese Chin Papillon Pekingese Lowchen (Little Lion Dog) King Charles Spaniel
King Charles Spaniel Pekingese Pomeranian Maltese Lowchen
Lowchen (Little Lion Dog) Pomeranian Poodle (Toy only) Miniature Pinscher Maltese
Maltese Poodle (Toy) Pug Papillon Miniature Pinscher
Miniature Pinscher Pug Shih Tzu Pekingese Papillon
Papillon Silky Terrier (elsewhere Australian Silky Terrier) Silky Terrier (elsewhere Australian Silky Terrier) Pomeranian Pekingese
Pekingese Toy Manchester Terrier Toy Fox Terrier Pug Pomeranian
Pomeranian Yorkshire Terrier Yorkshire Terrier Tibetan Spaniel Pug
Pug Xoloitzcuintli (Toy) Yorkshire Terrier Yorkshire Terrier
Yorkshire Terrier

Fédération Cynologique Internationale Group 9 Sections

The Fédération Cynologique Internationale breaks down their Toy and Companion Group into Sections by general dog type; within the sections the dogs are listed by their country or area of origin. Also included in the Sections are variants and colours that have to do with how they are organised during dog shows. Since this grouping is for more than Toy dogs, not all of the dogs included in Group 9 are small.[3]

The sections are:

  • Section 1: Bichons and related breeds
Maltese.jpg
Maltese
Bichon Frise 600.jpg
Bichon Frise
Havanese9321.jpg
Havanese
Bolończyk 5e3.jpg
Bolognese
Coton de Tular 1.jpg
Coton de Tuléar
Lwi piesek 65.jpg
Löwchen
  • Section 2: Poodle
Pudel toy srebrny 67.jpg
Poodle (Toy)
  • Section 3: Small Belgian Dogs
Gryfonik22.jpg
Belgian Griffon
Gryfonik 144.jpg
Griffon Bruxellois (Brussels Griffon)
0709 gucci stolt.jpg
Petit Brabancon
  • Section 4: Hairless Dogs
Peruvian-Inca-Orchid.jpg
Chinese Crested
  • Section 5: Tibetan breeds
Goldenmalelhasaaspo.jpg
Lhasa Apso
Shih-Tzu.JPG
Shih Tzu
Tibetansk spaniel.jpg
Tibetan Spaniel
Tibetan-terrier-Blue-Blossom-Guldborg-Denmarkjpg.jpg
Tibetan Terrier
  • Section 6: Chihuahueño
ChihuahuaPrue.jpg
Chihuahua (Smooth-haired)
Chihuahua1 bvdb.jpg
Chihuahua (Long-haired)
  • Section 7: English Toy Spaniels
CavalierKgChas2 wb.jpg.jpg
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
King Charles Spaniel 200.jpg
King Charles Spaniel (English Toy Spaniel)
  • Section 8: Japan Chin and Pekingese
Pekingese1904.jpg
Pekingese
Jchinadult.jpg
Japanese Chin
  • Section 9: Continental Toy Spaniel
Papillondog.jpg
Papillon (with erect ears)
Spaniel miniaturowy kontynentalny phalene 00.jpg
Phalène (with drooping ears)
  • Section 10: Kromfohrländer
Kromfohrlaender glatt.jpg
Kromfohrlander
  • Section 11: Small Molossian type Dogs
FrenchBulldog.jpg
French Bulldog
Pug black 600.jpg
Pug
BostonTerrierBrindleStand w.jpg
Boston Terrier

The remainder of breeds assigned to the Toy Group by other kennel clubs are placed with larger dog breeds of the same type by the Fédération Cynologique International; for example, the toy size terriers are in Group 3, Section 2, Small-sized terriers or Group 3, Section 4, Toy Terriers.

Not included in the Fédération Cynologique Internationale Group 9, Companion and Toy are these breeds that are listed in the Toy Group of some kennel clubs:

  • Terrier-type breeds included in the Toy Group of some kennel clubs:
Australian Silky Terrier.jpg
Australian Silky Terrier
English Toy Terrier 600 01.jpg
English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan)
Mancherster Terrier.jpg
Manchester Terrier
Bailey3.jpg
Toy Fox Terrier
JorkshireNamedNika.png
Yorkshire Terrier
  • Spitz-type dogs included in the Toy Group of some kennel clubs:
Pomeranian 600.jpg
Pomeranian
Dog1.jpg
Schipperke
  • Pinscher-type dogs included in the Toy Group of some kennel clubs:
Affenpinscher.jpg
Affenpinscher
Bungartz-Pinscher.jpg
Miniature Pinscher
  • Sighthound-type dogs included in the Toy Group of some kennel clubs:
Italian Greyhound

Other clubs

The United Kennel Club (US) is often considered among the major kennel clubs; it does not recognise a Toy Group (see Companion Group for a comparison.)

Most clubs in non-English speaking countries also list small dogs in either a Toy Group or a Companion Group.

Very small dogs are also included in the listings of the enormous and ever-expanding number of specialty registries, minor kennel clubs, dog sports clubs, breed clubs, rare dog registries, and internet based dog clubs and businesses. Each will have its own definition of what breeds belong in their own Toy Group.

In addition, Toy dogs in particular have been used for crossbreeding to create what are called designer dogs, bred either accidentally or to enhance the marketability of puppies, often with cute portmanteau names created from syllables of each breed name. Although there are clubs willing to "register" such designer dogs, they are not breeds of dog. They may be called toy dogs but they are not part of any Toy Dog Group.

See also

References








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