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The Toyota Caldina is an automobile manufactured by Toyota for the Japanese market and was released on 1992. It replaced the Toyota Carina Surf.

While the Caldina has never been officially exported by Toyota outside of Japan, its 4WD capability and large capacity have made it a popular used-car import in rural South America, such as the dusty roads of Bolivia and eastern Russia. These vehicles have been converted to left hand drive.

Contents

Model history

1st generation (1992-1997)

First generation
1992 Toyota Caldina TZ-G (earlier model)
Manufacturer Toyota
Also called Toyota Carina E
Toyota Corona
Production 1992–1997
Predecessor Toyota Corona
Body style(s) 5-door wagon
5-door van
Layout FF layout, four-wheel drive
Engine(s) 1.5 L 5E-FE I4
1.8 L 4S-FE I4
1.8 L 7A-FE I4
2.0 L 3S-FE I4
2.0 L 3S-GE I4
2.0 L 2C I4 diesel
2.0 L 2C-T I4 Turbodiesel
2.2 L 3C-E I4 diesel

The original Toyota Caldina was the 5-door wagon or commercial van version (1992-2002) of the four-door sedan Toyota Corona in Japan. The wagon has independent strut rear suspension while the commercial wagon has semi-independent leaf springs.

Toyota Caldina van (later model)
Toyota Caldina van (later model)


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2nd generation (1997-2002)

Second generation
1997 Toyota Caldina 2.0G (earlier model)
Manufacturer Toyota
Also called Toyota Avensis
Production 1997–2002
Body style(s) 5-door wagon
Layout FF layout, four-wheel drive
Engine(s) 1.8 L 7A-FE I4
2.0 L 3S-FE I4
2.0 L 3S-GE I4
2.0 L 3S-GTE I4 Turbo
2.0 L 2C-T I4 Turbodiesel
2.2 L 3C-TE I4 Turbodiesel
2000 Toyota Caldina GT-T (later model)
2000 Toyota Caldina 2.0E (later model)

Sharing a platform with Toyota Allion and Toyota Premio, the Caldina is the Japanese version of Toyota Avensis wagon.

The 4WD models are coded ST215, and are offered as Active Sports GT with the 3S-GE engine. The top of the line GT-T came with the turbocharged 260 PS (191 kW; 256 hp) 4th generation 3S-GTE engine, and included an all-wheel drive system similar to the Toyota Celica GT-Four.The GT-T also came with optional electronic stability control(VSC). Weighing 1,470 kg (3,241 lb), the Caldina GT-T offers similar performance to a Subaru WRX wagon achieving 0–100 km/h in 7 seconds. A refresh was given in 2000 with new bumpers and lamps with a refreshed interior.

Engines for lesser models are the 1.8 L 7A-FE, the 2.0 L gasoline 3S-FE, and the 2.2 L diesel 3C-TE.


3rd generation (2002-2007)

Third generation
2002 Toyota Caldina ZT (earlier model)
Manufacturer Toyota
Production 2002–2007
Body style(s) 5-door wagon
Layout FF layout, four-wheel drive
Engine(s) 1.8 L 1ZZ-FE I4
2.0 L 1AZ-FSE I4
2.0 L 3S-GTE I4 Turbo
2002 Toyota Caldina GT-Four (early model)
2002 Toyota Caldina GT-Four (early model)
2002 Toyota Caldina GT-Four (early model)
2005 Toyota Caldina ZT (later model)

The all-new Caldina of September 2002 is a pure sports wagon, and does not share body panels with Allion, Premio, and Avensis. Engines for the Caldina are 1.8 L 1ZZ-FE, 2.0 L 1AZ-FSE, or 2.0 L turbo 3S-GTE. Trim levels are 1.8 X, 1.8 Z, 2.0 Z, 2.0 ZT, and 2.0 GT-Four (the later is coded ST246). There is also a MKII Model years 2005-2007 with Minor refresh was given to them. All models have automatic transmission and the GT-Four only comes in tiptronic transmission. They all also have an electronic handbrake system. With the discontinuation of Celica, the Caldina was one of sportiest Toyota models sold in Japan.

Caldina GT-Four is also widely available as reconditioned grey-import cars in Malaysia.

Production of the 3rd generation Caldina ended in 2007. That was also the end for both the 3S-GTE engine and the "GT-Four" moniker in Toyota's lineup.

As a tribute to Toyota motor sport development guru and the creator of the first GT-Four, Hiromu Naruse, a Special edition Caldina GT-Four was produced. The Caldina GT-Four “N” edition. (N for Naruse). This model was equipped with Several Performance enhancements specified by Hiromu Naruse. - Improved shocks and altered spring ratings - Front suspension strut brace - Torsen rear LSD - Recaro front seats and interior trim



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