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Toyota Motor Manufacturing Texas, Inc
Type Subsidiary
Founded 2003
Headquarters San Antonio, Texas, United States
Key people Kenji Fukuta, President
Industry Automobiles
Products Tundra, Tacoma
Employees 1,850
Parent Toyota Motor Corporation
Website Toyota.com

Toyota Motor Manufacturing Texas, Inc (TMMTX) is an automobile production subsidiary of Toyota Motor Corporation based in San Antonio, Texas, USA which owns and operates a manufacturing and assembly facility for the parent company. The TMMTX assembly lines currently produce the Tundra full-size pickup truck and the Tacoma mid-size pickup truck.

Contents

History

In 2002, Toyota began scouting locations in Alabama, Arkansas, Mississippi, Tennessee and Texas for a new assembly plant to build the second generation Tundra pickup.[1] After long deliberations including the offer of $227 million in subsidies, a 2,000 acre site in San Antonio was selected as the location for the new 2,000,000 square foot assembly plant.[2][3] Toyota broke ground at the new plant site on 17 October 2003.[4] During construction, the project evolved from a simple assembly plant into an automotive production site including several on-site suppliers which shipped directly to the factory. In addition, Toyota announced that production capacity, originally planned for 150,000 units per year, would be expanded to 200,000 units. This increase brought Toyota's investment in the plant to $1.2 Billion. Following four years of construction, the first new Tundra pickups rolled off the line in November 2006 during a grand-openeing celebration which drew executives, employees and dealers of Toyota from around the country.[5] One Toyota executive went so far as to call the launch of the second-generation Tundra the 'single biggest and most important launch in Toyota's 50-year U.S. history.'[6]

Production

Second-generation Tundra production was initially split between TMMTX in San Antonio and Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indiana in Princeton, Indiana (which had produced the first generation Tundra).[7] The Base Cab (2 door) and Double Cab (2 full doors and 2 small doors) pickups were produced in San Antonio, with additional Double Cab Tundras and all CrewMax pickups produced in Princeton. The Tundra was initially hailed as a revolutionary step forward for Toyota Trucks, winning the Motor Trend Truck of the Year award in 2008;[8] however the vehicle's reputation was marred by a recall of 15,000 units due to a mistake made by a supplier of a rear propeller shaft.[9] This initial problem aside, the 2007 model year Tundra was a success with sales in 2007 almost selling out annual production of 200,000 units. The surge in oil prices driven by the commodity boom in 2008 put significant pressure on sales of the truck, and Toyota sold just under 140,000 Tundras the following year.

As the economic downturn put pressure on the US auto market, combined with the high fuel prices of the summer of 2008, vehicle sales tumbled in the Fall and Winter of 2008 to the extent that Toyota shut down production at TMMTX for a three month period to reduce inventory of the Tundra pickup.[10]

In late 2008, Toyota announced that all Tundra production would be moved to TMMTX (ending Tundra production in Princeton, Indiana). This announcement effectively preserved the jobs of the 1,850 workers at TMMTX that were threatened by the ongoing financial crisis. Following the bankruptcy announcement of partner General Motors (who subsequently withdrew from the venture), Toyota announced it would be terminating Corolla and Tacoma production at the NUMMI assembly plant.[11] This change ultimately proved to benefit TMMTX, as Tacoma production was announced to be relocating to TMMTX, resulting in the addition of up to 1,000 workers to support the added production.[12] This change effectively moved all of Toyota's US pickup production to TMMTX for the foreseeable future.

Vehicles produced

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ "Article: Governor Says Texas Is in Running for Toyota Plant. | AccessMyLibrary - Promoting library advocacy". AccessMyLibrary. 2002-09-14. http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-8789019_ITM. Retrieved 2009-10-02. 
  2. ^ Yoshie Furuhashi (2008-03-22). "Richard D. Vogel, "How Globalization Works: Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Texas (TMMTX) - A Case Study"". Monthlyreview.org. http://www.monthlyreview.org/mrzine/vogel200808.html. Retrieved 2009-10-02. 
  3. ^ "Press Release: Toyota to Build Trucks in Texas; New Plant in San Antonio to Manufacture Full-Size Tundra Pick-up. - PR Newswire | HighBeam Research: Online Press Releases". Highbeam.com. 2003-02-05. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-131750133.html. Retrieved 2009-10-02. 
  4. ^ "News Release". Toyota.Co.Jp. http://www2.toyota.co.jp/en/news/03/1020.html. Retrieved 2009-10-02. 
  5. ^ Halcomb, Randall. "Autoblog — We Obsessively Cover The Auto Industry". Autoblog.com. http://www.autoblog.com/bloggers/randall-halcomb/. Retrieved 2009-10-02. 
  6. ^ "Article: San Antonio Express-News On the Road column. | AccessMyLibrary - Promoting library advocacy". AccessMyLibrary. 2007-03-09. http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-29923645_ITM. Retrieved 2009-10-02. 
  7. ^ "Article: All-New Second-Generation Toyota Tundra to Make World Debut at 2006... | AccessMyLibrary - Promoting library advocacy". AccessMyLibrary. 2006-01-17. http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-12366537_ITM. Retrieved 2009-10-02. 
  8. ^ "2008 Toyota Tundra - Truck of the Year". Motor Trend. http://www.motortrend.com/oftheyear/truck/112_0802_toty_winner/index.html. Retrieved 2009-10-02. 
  9. ^ "Toyota truck recall issued on 15,600 Tundra pickups". BostonHerald.com. 2007-12-14. http://www.bostonherald.com/business/automotive/view.bg?articleid=1050791. Retrieved 2009-10-02. 
  10. ^ By MICHELLE ROBERTS  / Associated Press. "Dallas Morning News | News for Dallas, Texas | Texas/Southwest". Dallasnews.com. http://www.dallasnews.com/sharedcontent/APStories/stories/D91R8QRG0.html. Retrieved 2009-10-02. 
  11. ^ "Calif. to get dose of auto anguish | Detroit Free Press". Freep.com. 2009-09-09. http://www.freep.com/article/20090909/BUSINESS01/909080415/1002/news01/Calif.-to-get-dose-of-auto-anguish. Retrieved 2009-10-02. 
  12. ^ "Toyota hiring up to 1,000 new workers". Mysanantonio.com. 2009-09-04. http://www.mysanantonio.com/community/Toyota_hiring_up_to_1000_new_workers.html. Retrieved 2009-10-02. 

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