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Trafalgar Day is the celebration of the victory won by the Royal Navy, commanded by Vice-Admiral Horatio Nelson over the combined French and Spanish fleets at the Battle of Trafalgar on 21 October 1805. The formation of the Navy League in 1894 gave added impetus to the movement to recognise Nelson's legacy, and grand celebrations were held in Trafalgar Square on Trafalgar Day, 1896.[1] It was widely commemorated by parades, dinners and other events throughout much of the British Empire in the 19th century and early 20th century. It is still widely celebrated in navies of the Commonwealth of Nations. The word Trafalgar is derived from the Arabic Taraf طرف (side) al-Aghar الأغر (victory) - literally 'side of victory'.

Its public celebration declined after the end of World War I in 1918. The massive casualties and upheaval had changed the general public perception of war as a source of glorious victories to a more sombre view of it as a tragedy, for which the newly instituted Armistice Day on 11 November was created. However, Trafalgar day was still marked as a public day each year. Around 1993 it was rumoured that John Major's government might make it a public holiday in place of May Day, but nothing came of this.

The year 2005 was the bicentennial of Trafalgar, and the Royal Navy led Trafalgar 200 celebrations. The 2005 International Fleet Review held off Spithead in the Solent on 28 June was the first since 1999 and the largest since Her Majesty The Queen's 1977 Silver Jubilee.

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British celebrations

The Lord Mayor of Birmingham lays a wreath at Birmingham's statue of Lord Nelson on Trafalgar Day 2007.

Sea Cadets of the United Kingdom celebrate this day usually with a parade of a town.

In Birmingham, the anniversary is celebrated by a ceremony at the statue of Lord Nelson in the Bull Ring. The statue is the oldest statue to Lord Nelson in the United Kingdom. The ceremony is led by the Lord Mayor of Birmingham and involves men and women of HMS Forward, Sea Cadet Units from across the West Midlands and various civic organisations including The Nelson Society and The Birmingham Civic Society. Afterwards there is a wreath laying by naval and civic organisations and a parade marches off to Victoria Square, the public square in front of the seat of local government, where the Lord Mayor takes the salute.

Another intriguing aspect of the Birmingham celebration, is that the statue is regaled with swags of laurel and flowers, no doubt due to its location by the wholesale flower markets of Birmingham. This tradition was carried on throughout most of the nineteenth century and was revived in 2004.

International celebrations

The victory is celebrated each year in the Australia town of Trafalgar, Victoria in which the small town of 2,200 hold an annual Battle of Trafalgar Festival with the Trafalgar Day Ball held on the Friday or Saturday closest to 21 October each year.

References

External links

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