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Coat of arms
Tran is located in Bulgaria
Location of Tran, Bulgaria
Coordinates: 42°50′N 22°40′E / 42.833°N 22.667°E / 42.833; 22.667
Country  Bulgaria
 - Mayor Stanislav Nikolov
Elevation 329 m (1,079 ft)
Population (2006-07-12)[1]
 - Total 2,913
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 2460
Area code(s) 07731

Tran (Bulgarian: Трън, pronounced [ˈtrɤn], meaning "thorn") is a small town in Pernik Province, western Bulgaria. It is 27 kilometres away from the town of Breznik and 15 km from the border with Serbia.

The town was first mentioned in 1451 as Tran; its name was also rendered as Turun, Tuin, Turan, Taran throughout the 15th–16th centuries.[2] One distinctive feature of the town is that a unique dialect of the Bulgarian language is spoken in Tran, closer to Serbian than ordinary Bulgarian making it hard for Bulgarians from Pernik e.g. to understand. The Erma River which flows from the town has formed a magnificent george known as Transko Zhdrelo. Tran holds the Bulgarian lowest temperature record at −38.3°C (−36.94°F) registered in the winter of 1947.

Monument to the fallen in the Serbo-Bulgarian War of 1885 on the central square of Tran



Tran is the seat of Tran municipality (part of Pernik Province), which includes the following 52 places:

  • Miloslavtsi
  • Mraketintsi
  • Mramor
  • Nasalevtsi
  • Nedelkovo
  • Paramun
  • Penkyovtsi
  • Prodancha
  • Radovo
  • Rani Lug
  • Reyanovtsi
  • Shipkovitsa
  • Slishovtsi
  • Staychovtsi
  • Strezimirovtsi
  • Studen Izvor
  • Tran
  • Tsegrilovtsi
  • Turokovtsi
  • Velinovo
  • Vidrar
  • Vrabcha
  • Vukan
  • Yarlovtsi
  • Zabel
  • Zelenigrad


Tran Crag on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Tran.


  1. ^ Source: Official population table as of 12 July 2006.
  2. ^ Чолева-Димитрова, Анна М. (2002) (in Bulgarian). Селищни имена от Югозападна България: Изследване. Речник. София: Пенсофт. pp. 174–175. ISBN 9546421685. OCLC 57603720.  

See also

Coordinates: 42°50′N 22°39′E / 42.833°N 22.65°E / 42.833; 22.65



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