Trans man: Wikis


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A trans man, transman, trans guy, FTM is a transsexual or transgender man: a person who was identified as female at birth, but who feels that this is not an accurate or complete description of themselves and consequently identifies as male. The initialism "FTM", sometimes FtM, F2M, or F→M, is short for "female-to-male", and identifies the general direction of transition and not a conscripted "start" to "finish" process.[1] Some trans men reject being seen as FTM, arguing that they have always been male and are only making this identity visible to other people, MTM, short for "male-to-male", represents this idea.[2]



The term "trans man" is used as a short form for either identity (transsexual man and transgender man), and sometimes transsexuality is seen as a type of transgenderism.[3] Trans men may identify as transsexual, as transgender, neither, or both.[4]

"Transgender man" is an umbrella term that may include anybody who was assigned the female sex at birth, but identifies as male. For instance, some drag kings,cross dressers, androgynous, bigendered, and genderqueer people might identify as trans men.[5]

Transsexual men usually seek medical interventions, such as hormones and surgery, to make their bodies as congruent as possible with their gender presentation. They usually live or wish to live full time as members of the gender opposite to the gender they were assigned at birth.[3] Sometimes the term "new man" is used to identify a post-operative transsexual man.[6]


For different trans men, transition might involve some or all of the following steps:[7]

  • Social transition: name change, wearing clothing seen as gender appropriate, disclosure to family, friends and usually at the workplace
  • Sex reassignment therapy: hormone replacement therapy (HRT), and/or surgery
  • Legal affirmation: name and (sometimes) sex marker correction in legal identification documents.

Originally, the term "trans men" referred specifically to female-to-male transsexuals who underwent HRT and/or surgery. In recent years, the definition of "transition" has broadened to include theories of psychological development or complementary methods of self-acceptance.[8][9]

Social aspects of transition

Most trans men prefer to live part-time or full-time as male.[10][11][12] Being socially accepted as male (sometimes known as passing) may be challenging for trans men who have not undergone HRT and/or surgery.[10][11][12] Some trans men may choose to present as female in certain social situations (e.g. at work).[10][11][12] After physical transition, trans men usually live full-time as male.[10][11][12]


In the United States the ratio of trans men within the general population is unclear, but estimates range between 1:2000 and 1:100,000.[13][14][15]

Although there is still disagreement as to how gender dysphoria begins and who should qualify for hormonal and surgical intervention, there is agreement amongst psychologists that gender dysphoria should be the subject of clinical attention separate from other disorders and that the gender identity of these people is profound, deep seated, and non-delusional. With respect to transsexual men who choose to seek sex reassignment surgery (SRS), outcome studies indicate that when three conditions are met: a proper differential diagnosis, a significantly long trial period of living in the gender of choice, and a satisfactory surgical result, there is only a small incidence of post-operative regret. Indeed, in a review of the outcome literature Pfafflin (1992) reports that less than 1% of the female-to-male transsexuals who had undergone sex reassignment had any regrets.[16] Not all transsexual men wish to undergo SRS, nor is surgery necessary for trans men to identify as male.

Sexual orientation

The sexual orientation of trans men is usually expressed with respect to male identity. Therefore a trans man who prefers female partners is considered heterosexual.[17] The FTM community has coined the phrase transfag to describe a trans man who desires other men, whether they be cisgendered males or other trans men. Some people may consider the term "transfag" offensive, as it may be taken as an derogatory term against MTF trans women, but generally most gay trans men are comfortable with this label of self-identification.[18]

Publicly known trans men


See also


  1. ^ Notes on Gender Role Transition
  2. ^ Transgender Terminology
  3. ^ a b Answers to Your Questions About Transgender Individuals and Gender Identity
  4. ^ Transgender Glossary of Terms
  5. ^ Hudson's FTM Resource Guide,FTM Basics: Terminology
  6. ^ Some Transgender Definitions
  7. ^ "What is transition?" FTM Australia
  8. ^ Hudson's FTM Resource Guide, FTM Basics: Terminology
  9. ^ Institute for Judaism and Sexual Orientation, Glossary of Terms and Usage
  10. ^ a b c d The Game of Vice Los Angeles, December 2004, Vol. 49, No. 12, ISSN 1522-9149, Emmis Communications; pp99-103, 155-159.
  11. ^ a b c d Transgender emergence: therapeutic guidelines for working with gender-variant people and their families (2004), Arlene Istar Lev, Routledge, ISBN 078902117X, 9780789021175.
  12. ^ a b c d "The Misconception of 'Sex' In Title VII: Federal Courts Reevaluate Transsexual Employment Discrimination Claims" (2008), Amanda S. Eno, Tulsa Law Review, Spring, 2008, 43 Tulsa L. Rev. 765, University of Tulsa.
  13. ^ "How Frequently Does Transsexualism Occur?" by Lynn Conway
  14. ^ "There are more of us than you think" by Joanne Herman
  15. ^ The Alliance of Lesbian, Bisexual, Gay, Transgendered and Straight Ally Students, FAQ - Transgenderism
  16. ^ "Notes on Gender Role Transition" by Anne Vitale Ph.D.
  17. ^ Factors Which Influence Individuals' Decisions When Considering Female-To-Male Genital Reconstructive Surgery
  18. ^
  19. ^ [1]
  20. ^ [2]
  21. ^ [3]
  22. ^ [4]
  23. ^ [5]

External links

Transman at the Open Directory Project Medicine and Psychology

Further reading

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