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.Transgender (pronounced /trænzˈdʒɛndər/) is a general term applied to a variety of individuals, behaviors, and groups involving tendencies to deviate from the normative gender roles.^ Bakwin, H. Deviant gender-role behavior in children: Relation to homosexuality.
  • neurodiversity.com | g.a. rekers: atypical gender development and psychosocial adjustment 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.neurodiversity.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Discusses the concepts of gender prevalent in our society and the cost to individuals and to society as a whole for rigidly adhering to the associated behavioral definitions.

^ John Money proposes classification of gender crosscoding, a broader term which encompasses gender identity, gender role, and object choice or sexual orientation, according to a multi-dimensional model on the basis of the number of components involved, and of the persistence of their behavior (see table, (3) ).
  • Transsexualism, introduction & general aspects oftreatment 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.xs4all.nl [Source type: Academic]

.Transgender is the state of one's "gender identity" (self-identification as woman, man, neither or both) not matching one's "assigned sex" (identification by others as male or female based on physical/genetic sex).^ She prefers females for sex and males for eating.
  • Psycho Lesbian - Television Tropes & Idioms 9 February 2010 14:45 UTC tvtropes.org [Source type: General]

^ Failure to identify with one sex or the other.
  • Homosexuality and the Bible | Gather 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.gather.com [Source type: General]

^ When referring to female and male brained individuals in this section, I will be referring to their Brain Sex regardless of the physical or Gender Brained states.
  • TransGenderCare.com : Guidance/Transition : What is Gender 16 September 2009 10:50 UTC www.transgendercare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

."Transgender" does not imply any specific form of sexual orientation; transgender people may identify as heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual, pansexual, polysexual, or asexual; some may consider conventional sexual orientation labels inadequate or inapplicable to them.^ Some say a homosexual cannot change his or her sexual orientation.
  • Homosexuality > Teen Bible Study Discussion Guides 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.ucg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Sexuality in homosexual and heterosexual couples.
  • Vanier Institute of the Family -- Virtual Library - Contemporary Family Trends - Same-Sex Couples and Same-Sex-Parent Families: Relationships, Parenting, and Issues of Marriage, 19 September 2009 1:21 UTC www.vifamily.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ Transgender vs. Sexual Orientation .
  • Transgender encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The precise definition for transgender remains in flux, but includes:
.
  • "Of, relating to, or designating a person whose identity does not conform unambiguously to conventional notions of male or female gender roles, but combines or moves between these."^ Quote: What is the difference between gender roles and gender identity.
    • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ These, incidentally, are still gender roles.
    • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ My body is distinctly female, but my gender identity is between “manâ€?
    • You learn something new every day. - Feministing 16 October 2009 11:15 UTC feministing.com [Source type: Original source]

    [1]
  • .
  • "People who were assigned a sex, usually at birth and based on their genitals, but who feel that this is a false or incomplete description of themselves."^ Eunuchs are people assigned males at birth who have later been castrated.
    • Religion, spirituality, and transsexuality 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC www.tsroadmap.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ How do the people who do have a sex change feel about it after the fact?
    • Transsexual and Transgender Issues 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.aphroweb.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "People who were assigned a sex, usually at birth and based on their genitals, but who feel that this is a false or incomplete description of themselves."
    • Transgender encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [2]
  • .
  • "Non-identification with, or non-presentation as, the sex (and assumed gender) one was assigned at birth."^ An even larger group of people born intersex have been successfully assigned near birth to be one sex or the other.
    • TRANSSEXUALISM---books reviewed by James Park 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.tc.umn.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ AP stylebook : “Use the pronoun preferred by the individuals who have acquired the physical characteristics of the opposite sex or present themselves in a way that does not correspond with their sex at birth.

    ^ The entire process of change from one gender presentation to another is known as transition .
    • Transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Transsexualism 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.hollywoodlawn.com [Source type: General]

    [3]
.A transgender individual may have characteristics that are normally associated with a particular gender, identify elsewhere on the traditional gender continuum, or exist outside of it as "other," "agender," "Genderqueer," or "third gender". Transgender people may also identify as bigender, or along several places on either the traditional transgender continuum, or the more encompassing continuums which have been developed in response to the significantly more detailed studies done in recent years.^ Many genderqueer people identify as transsexual.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ People Transgender bigendered crossdresser drag king drag queen More...
  • TransHistory - A Colourful Past and Present 14 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ If the transsexual is an individual who may be involved in illegal activities such as prostitution, etc., he or she should be aware that to do so while so dressed exposes one to the possibility, more likely probability, of verbal and physical assaults by either arresting officers, jail staff, or other inmates.
  • TransGenderCare.com : Guidance/Transition : Legal Aspects ofTranssexualism 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.transgendercare.com [Source type: Original source]

[4]

Contents

Evolution of the term transgender

.The term transgender (TG) was popularised in the 1970s[5] (but implied in the 1960s[6][7]) describing people who wanted to live cross-gender without sex reassignment surgery.^ Surgery for sex reassignment .
  • TransMann - Zeitschriften 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.transmann.de [Source type: Academic]

^ Isn't that what most transgendered people want?
  • Letterman on Obama's Trans Appointee | Slog | The Stranger, Seattle's Only Newspaper 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC slog.thestranger.com [Source type: General]

^ Transgender is an umbrella term for gender variant people.
  • You learn something new every day. - Feministing 16 October 2009 11:15 UTC feministing.com [Source type: Original source]

[8] .In the 1980s the term was expanded to an umbrella term,[9] and became popular as a means of uniting all those whose gender identity did not mesh with their gender assigned at birth.^ Disintegrating all meaning of gender.
  • exodus youth » homosexuality 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC exodusyouth.net [Source type: General]

^ Well, gender identity is the accepted term...
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The recommendations go on to define a transexual person and include symptoms relating to gender dysphoria and those people who attempt to assume the characteristics of a sex different to their birth sex by means of chemical and surgical procedures.
  • E Law: Sexual Orientation and the Law: 10 Years of the South Australian Equal Opportunity Act 1984 16 October 2009 11:15 UTC www3.murdoch.edu.au [Source type: Original source]

[10]
.In the 1990s, the term took on a political dimension[11][12] as an alliance covering all who have at some point not conformed to gender norms, and the term became used to question the validity of those norms[13] or pursue equal rights and anti-discrimination legislation,[14][15] leading to its widespread usage in the media, academic world and law.^ Anti-discrimination law proposals .

^ At this point some will cry out "Discrimination!"
  • Same-Sex Marriage 19 September 2009 1:21 UTC www.inplainsite.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We can't use terms which out us and/or third-gender us all the time.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

[16] The term continues to evolve.

Transgender vs. transsexual

.
Billy Tipton was born in 1914. He began living as a man full-time by 1940 at age 26, had a career as a jazz and swing pianist and entertainer, a common law marriage (unregistered but publicly accepted), and three sons by adoption.
^ Full-time cross-living?
  • A pound of flesh: The cost of transsexual health care in Canada | Briarpatch Magazine - Fiercely independent (& often irreverent) news & views. 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC briarpatchmagazine.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The establishment of families; marriage and common-law marriage.
  • Essays and Papers on HOMOSEXUALITY Research Papers, Essays, and Term Papers 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.research-assistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1996, Congress enacted laws that defined a marriage to be limited to a union between one man and one woman.

.He was discovered to have been female-bodied after he died in 1989 due to a hemorrhaging ulcer (that he refused to have treated).^ After being turned down for sex reassignment surgery due to not meeting necessary psychological evaluations, he then harvested female bodies to make a feminine suit.
  • Transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Billy Tipton , a minor, but well respected, jazz musician, dies and is discovered to be female...
  • 20th Century Transgender History 19 September 2009 23:16 UTC jenellerose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Feinberg nearly died in 1995 because of the bigotry of an emergency room doctor who told hir to leave after he discovered sie was female.
  • Transsexual and Transgender Issues 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.aphroweb.net [Source type: Original source]

Like many female-to-male transsexuals of this day he did not have genital surgery.
.The word transsexual, unlike the word transgender, has a precise medical definition.^ Whatever the reason be, the transsexual's plight is not a happy one & he/she definitely needs empathy and support - not only medical, also social.
  • ANDROLOGY :Transsexualism and sex change operations-Transsexualism,sex change operations,sexual disorders,impotence 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.andrology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lynn suggests that they substitute the word "transgender" or "transsexual" for "eunuch" whenever they are using English.
  • Information on Transgenderism, Transsexualism and Intersexualism, by Lynn Conway [ Part II ] 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC ai.eecs.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (BTW, Transsexuality is excluded from the definition of sexual orientation because it is a medical condition.
  • Transexuality (Transsexuality) and Homosexuality and "Choice" in Behavior 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

[17] .It was defined by Harry Benjamin in his seminal book "The Transsexual Phenomenon".[17] In particular he defined transsexuals on a scale called the "Benjamin Scale", which defines a few different levels of intensity of transsexualism; these are listed as "Transsexual (nonsurgical)", "True Transsexual (moderate intensity)", and "True Transsexual (high intensity)".[17] Many transsexuals believe that to be a true transsexual one needs to have a desire for surgery.^ In 1966, Benjamin published the seminal book, The Transsexual Phenomena.
  • TransHistory - A Colourful Past and Present 14 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Harry Benjamin's Syndrome is not transsexual, is Intersexual.

^ The transsexual phenomenon / Benjamin, Harry.
  • A Transgender Resource Page 16 September 2009 10:50 UTC epud.net [Source type: Academic]
  • Queer Eugene Trans Resources 16 September 2009 10:50 UTC www.queereugene.com [Source type: Academic]

[18] However, it is notable that Benjamin's moderate intensity "true transsexual" needs estrogen, or testostorone medication as a "substitute for or preliminary to operation."[17] There also exist people who have had sexual reassignment surgery (SRS) but do not meet the definition of a transsexual, such as Gregory Hemingway.[19][20], while other people do not desire SRS yet clearly meet Dr. Benjamin's definition of a "true transsexual".[21] Beyond Dr. Benjamin's work, which focused on Male to Female transsexuals, there are cases of Female to Male transsexuals for whom surgery is often considered to be not practical.
.Outside of the above medical definition there is a wide range of gender expressions which are contrary to the norm.^ There is a wide range of sexual abnormalities.
  • http://bahai-library.com/?file=compilation_homosexuality_bwc.html 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bahai-library.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The new policies address a wide range of contexts, including discrimination against patients, medical students and physicians as well as insurance policy.
  • A Transgender Resource Page 16 September 2009 10:50 UTC epud.net [Source type: Academic]
  • Queer Eugene Trans Resources 16 September 2009 10:50 UTC www.queereugene.com [Source type: Academic]

^ And anyone who's outside the gender norm is likely to figure that out long before, and much more concretely than, anyone who's ignorant of the realities outside the gender norm.
  • Transsexuality, is it real? - Topic Powered by Eve Community 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC episteme.arstechnica.com [Source type: General]

.Cross dressers, drag queens, transvestites, transvestic fetishist etc.^ Transvestism: a survey of 1032 cross-dressers .
  • Transgender-Transsexual-Transvestite: Bibliography and Abstracts 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.ucalgary.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ Transsexualism is often included within the broader term transgender , which is generally considered an umbrella term for people who do not conform to typical accepted gender roles , for example cross-dressers , drag queens , and people who identify as genderqueer .
  • Transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Transsexualism 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.hollywoodlawn.com [Source type: General]

^ Regardless of definition, transsexualism should not be confused with cross dressing or with the behaviour of drag queens and drag kings , which can be described as transgender but not transsexual.
  • Transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Transsexualism 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.hollywoodlawn.com [Source type: General]

.It is notable that many transsexuals go through one of those self identifications before realizing that they are in fact transsexual.^ In fact they are self-serving and vile.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Obama supporter: ‘God delivered me from homosexuality’ « - Blogs from CNN.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Yet treatment is 99.9% successful only one case of a person reversing treatment in the UK and they rushed through the process with self funded treatment and avoided all the checks that are in place.
  • 'Transsexuality gene' makes women feel like men - life - 29 July 2008 - New Scientist 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC www.newscientist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For those gay people who wish to be ordained there is only one way to get through the initial interviews, and that is the humiliating one of keeping their sexuality concealed.
  • The Battle Between Monotheism and Homosexuality 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.vexen.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Some transsexuals also take issue with the term because Charles "Virginia" Prince, the founder of the cross dressing organization Tri-Ess and coiner of the term "transgender",[22] did so because she wished to distinguish herself from transsexual people.^ Transsexuality and transgender(ed) are interchangeable terms.
  • Ten Most Common Lies (or being kind, misconceptions) About Transsexuality 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC ts-si.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This is not an issue that's really relevant to transgender/transsexuality.
  • Transsexuality, is it real? - Topic Powered by Eve Community 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC episteme.arstechnica.com [Source type: General]

^ Some transsexual people may also prefer transgender over transsexual , because this minority sees the issue to be about gender rather than sexuality .

.In "Men Who Choose to Be Women," Prince wrote "I, at least, know the difference between sex and gender and have simply elected to change the latter and not the former".[23] There is a substantial academic literature on the difference between sex and gender, but in pragmatic English, this academic distinction is ignored and "gender" is used mostly to describe the categorical male/female difference while "sex" is used mostly to describe the physical act.^ It’s a problem if you’re changing gender – especially if you’re changing from male to female.

^ The author's odd solution is to end the differences between men and women.
  • TRANSSEXUALISM---books reviewed by James Park 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.tc.umn.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ She prefers females for sex and males for eating.
  • Psycho Lesbian - Television Tropes & Idioms 9 February 2010 14:45 UTC tvtropes.org [Source type: General]

[24]
.There is political tension between the identities that fall under the "transgender umbrella."^ If there must be an acronym, why not LGBQ? This eliminates the instant relationship between transgender and transsexual that is caused by the purposeful mimicking of “transsexual” by the coiners of the transgender term.
  • Final thoughts on yet another Bilerico thread about transgender « Aria Blue 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC ariablue.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We further informed the Committee Members that there was also no state mechanism that would allow transgender people to change their documents in accordance with their gender identity.
  • Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Organization in Kyrgyzstan 14 January 2010 9:41 UTC kyrgyzlabrys.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Quite apart from the biological sex that we are born under (determined by the genitals between the legs ), all of us possess a gender identity.
  • ANDROLOGY :Transsexualism and sex change operations-Transsexualism,sex change operations,sexual disorders,impotence 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.andrology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For example, transsexual men and women who can pay for medical treatments (or who have institutional coverage for their treatment) are likely to be concerned with medical privacy and establishing a durable legal status as men and women later in life.^ Legal aspects of medical treatment .
  • Legal aspects of transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Men feel like this, women feel like this.

^ See Men who have sex with men and Women who have sex with women ↑ "...
  • Homosexuality - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Extending insurance coverage for medical care is a coherent issue in the intersection of transsexuality and economic class.^ A leading source for stimulating dialogue covering a wide range of gender topics, from medical and psychological care to family and partner issues.
  • COLAGE : Resources : For People with LGBT Parents : Books for Children with LGBT Parents 18 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.colage.org [Source type: General]

^ Once a transsexual is converted, medical care should be given.
  • JBEM: The Biblical Ethics Of Transsexual Operations 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC bmei.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Adapted and reprinted with permission from Table VII in Oriel KA. Medical care of transsexual patients.
  • Transsexualism: Clinical guide to gender identity disorder — The Journal of Family Practice 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.jfponline.com [Source type: Academic]

.Most of these issues can appeal even to conservatives, if framed in terms of an unusual sort of "maintenance" of traditional notions of gender for rare people who feel the need for medical treatments.^ Who are these people?
  • Transsexual wannabes: Fetishizing transsexualism 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.tsroadmap.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The intention is to diagnose these people as having ‘ gender identity ‘ issues.
  • Final thoughts on yet another Bilerico thread about transgender « Aria Blue 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC ariablue.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These are people born sort of 'on the fence' of gender.
  • AP Legitimizes Genderbender With Idaho Inmate Who Castrated 'Herself' | NewsBusters.org 16 October 2009 11:15 UTC www.newsbusters.org [Source type: Original source]

.Some trans people might express this by saying "I don't challenge the gender binary, I just started out on the wrong side of it."^ Were it you, it might be a rationalizing process, and I don't doubt that some people do this.

^ A traditionalist concept of gender might say: .
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Were it you, it might be a rationalizing process, > and I don't doubt that some people do this.

[25]

Transgender identities

Albert Cashier, a trans man who served as a soldier in the US civil war.
.While people self-identify as transgender, transgender identity includes many overlapping categories.^ Many genderqueer people identify as transsexual.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His thoughts on the developing sexual identity and sexuality of infants and children profoundly influenced how transgendered people would be viewed in North America.
  • 20th Century Transgender History 19 September 2009 23:16 UTC jenellerose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We further informed the Committee Members that there was also no state mechanism that would allow transgender people to change their documents in accordance with their gender identity.
  • Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Organization in Kyrgyzstan 14 January 2010 9:41 UTC kyrgyzlabrys.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These include cross-dresser (CD); transvestite (TV); androgynes; genderqueer; people who live cross-gender; drag kings; and drag queens; and, frequently, transsexual (TS).^ Transsexualism is often included within the broader term transgender , which is generally considered an umbrella term for people who do not conform to typical accepted gender roles , for example cross-dressers , drag queens , and people who identify as genderqueer .
  • Transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Transsexualism 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.hollywoodlawn.com [Source type: General]

^ If you point to various transgender people who do not seek transition, crossdressers simply are not transsexual.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The experiences of transsexuals, transgenderists, cross-dressers and intersexuals have interwoven as definitions of sex, gender, perversion and disorder evolved from Victorian to Post-Modern.
  • 20th Century Transgender History 19 September 2009 23:16 UTC jenellerose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26] .Usually not included are transvestic fetishists (because it is considered to be a paraphilia rather than gender identification).^ This interpretation aligns it alongside concepts like body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), or gender identity disorder, where the issue is one of self-identification, rather than just getting turned on by something that is a little bit, well, odd.
  • Transsexual wannabes: Fetishizing transsexualism 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.tsroadmap.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The father's own difficulty with affect regulation and inner sense of inadequacy usually produces withdrawal rather than approach.
  • Childhood experiences of homosexual men : Mothers and sons 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.fathersforlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some transsexual people may also prefer transgender over transsexual , because this minority sees the issue to be about gender rather than sexuality .

.In an interview, artist RuPaul talked about society's ambivalence to the differences in the people who embody these terms.^ Who are these people?
  • Transsexual wannabes: Fetishizing transsexualism 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.tsroadmap.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Consider these different types of people who struggle: .
  • FredsBibleTalk.com - Hope for the Homosexual - By Travis Allen 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.fredsbibletalk.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What about people who do not practice homosexuality?
  • Same-sex Marriage, Gay, Homosexual, and Lesbian Unions 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC gospelway.com [Source type: Original source]

."A friend of mine recently did the Oprah show about transgender youth," said RuPaul.^ That said, there is a divide and there was quite a bit of argument when my .edu's gay club was thinking of adding "Transgender" to its name (which they ultimately did).
  • Transsexuality, is it real? - Topic Powered by Eve Community 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC episteme.arstechnica.com [Source type: General]

^ When Huffman appeared on the Late Show with David Letterman, she was faced with a host focusing on "Andy" the phallus – and making disparaging comments about transgender people.

^ Havelock Ellis said it, as did Kinsey, and most recently Masters and Johnson.
  • Lesbianism: "Putting the Politics back into Lesbianism" 9 February 2010 14:45 UTC www.infoxchange.net.au [Source type: Original source]

"It was obvious that we, as a culture, have a hard time trying to understand the difference between a drag queen, transsexual, and a transgender, yet we find it very easy to know the difference between the American baseball league and the National baseball league, when they are both so similar."[27] These terms are explained below.
.The extent to which intersex people (those with ambiguous genitalia or other physical sexual characteristics) are transgender is debated, since not all intersex people disagree with their gender assigned at birth.^ Physical Gender — Our primary and secondary sexual characteristics.
  • TransGenderCare.com : Guidance/Transition : What is Gender 16 September 2009 10:50 UTC www.transgendercare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not all transgender people have surgery.
  • You learn something new every day. - Feministing 16 October 2009 11:15 UTC feministing.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Not all transgender people are transsexual.
  • You learn something new every day. - Feministing 16 October 2009 11:15 UTC feministing.com [Source type: Original source]

.The current definitions of transgender include all transsexual people, although this has been criticized.^ What are the experiences of transsexual and transgender people?
  • Transsexual and Transgender Issues 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.aphroweb.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Not all transgender people have surgery.
  • You learn something new every day. - Feministing 16 October 2009 11:15 UTC feministing.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Not all transgender people are transsexual.
  • You learn something new every day. - Feministing 16 October 2009 11:15 UTC feministing.com [Source type: Original source]

(See below.)
.The term trans man refers to female-to-male (FtM or F2M) transgender people, and trans woman refers to male-to-female (MtF or M2F) transgender people, although some transgender people identify only slightly with the gender not assigned at birth.^ The term 'transgender people' refers to those who identify with a gender identity and role different from the one assigned by birth.
  • allAfrica.com: Kenya: Hardships Faced by Transsexual People 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC allafrica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Transgender is an umbrella term for gender variant people.
  • You learn something new every day. - Feministing 16 October 2009 11:15 UTC feministing.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Eunuchs are people assigned males at birth who have later been castrated.
  • Religion, spirituality, and transsexuality 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC www.tsroadmap.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the past, it was assumed that there were far more trans women than trans men, but a Swedish study estimated a ratio of 1.4:1 in favour of trans women for those requesting sex reassignment surgery and a ratio of 1:1 for those who proceeded.^ Sex reassignment surgery: a study of 141 Dutch transsexuals .
  • TransMann - Zeitschriften 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.transmann.de [Source type: Academic]

^ There are more than two ways to be."

^ Psychiatric diagnosis of patients requesting sex reassignment surgery .
  • TransMann - Zeitschriften 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.transmann.de [Source type: Academic]

[28] .There is a school of thought that says terms such as "FtM" and "MtF" are subjugating language that reinforces the binary gender stereotype.^ Why do we have to believe that there is a gender binary?
  • Ten Most Common Lies (or being kind, misconceptions) About Transsexuality 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC ts-si.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A person may be troubled by homosexual thoughts and feelings even though there has been no homosexual behavior or such behavior has been eliminated.
  • Homosexuality and The Church of Jesus Christ 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.fairlds.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The fact that the term homosexuality as such does not appear in the New Testament says nothing about its ethical propriety.
  • Explicit and Implicit References to Homosexuality in the Bible 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.ambs.edu [Source type: Original source]

[29]
The term cisgender has been coined as an antonym referring to non-transgender people; i.e. those who identify with their gender assigned at birth.[30]

Transsexual

.Transsexual people identify as, or desire to live and be accepted as, a member of the sex opposite to that assigned at birth.^ Sexually attracted to members of the opposite sex .
  • Homosexinfo - Sexuality - Homosexuality, Child Molestation, Pedophilia and Hebephilia 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.homosexinfo.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Many genderqueer people identify as transsexual.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A transsexual simply is one who tries to correct a mistake of nature by eliminating the contradiction formed in the womb that creates a brain of one sex and the genitalia to be the opposite.
  • allAfrica.com: Kenya: Social Injustice And Transsexual People 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC allafrica.com [Source type: General]

[31][32]
.Many trans people desire to undergo gender transition.^ Quote: Nonetheless, many trans people defy gender roles.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Nonetheless, many trans people defy gender roles.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As a result of their desire to be politically correct, they now have been partially responsible for the outbreak of diseases, like AIDS, that have taken the lives of so many capable, young people.
  • Homosexuality 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.tbm.org [Source type: Original source]

.People who have transitioned, who do not necessarily identify as transgender or transsexual any longer, may identify as simply a man or a woman.^ If you point to various transgender people who do not seek transition, crossdressers simply are not transsexual.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ What are the experiences of transsexual and transgender people?
  • Transsexual and Transgender Issues 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.aphroweb.net [Source type: Original source]

^ How about folks who identify as neither man nor woman?
  • You learn something new every day. - Feministing 16 October 2009 11:15 UTC feministing.com [Source type: Original source]

.Those that continue identifying as transsexual men or women may not want to ignore their pre-transition life, and may continue strong ties with other trans people and raising social consciousness.^ Many genderqueer people identify as transsexual.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And I don't have any problems with transsexual women or men.
  • Letterman on Obama's Trans Appointee | Slog | The Stranger, Seattle's Only Newspaper 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC slog.thestranger.com [Source type: General]

^ Alma Mater prefers that we relate ourselves from that richness that there is in "differences" or from the plurality that all women and men can contribute in order to build ourselves as social beings.
  • Lesbian-Gay-Bi-sexual and Transgender issues in Cuba 16 October 2009 11:15 UTC www.walterlippmann.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[33]
.Many transsexual people have a wish to alter their bodies.^ (This is the wish of many transsexuals.
  • TRANSSEXUALISM---books reviewed by James Park 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.tc.umn.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Many genderqueer people identify as transsexual.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I know many religious people (religious of ALL varieties) and there is no common view of homo or transsexuality among them.
  • Corvino: The homosexual agenda | News Story on 365gay.com 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.365gay.com [Source type: Original source]

.These physical changes are collectively known as gender reassignment therapy and often (but not always) include hormone replacement therapy and sex reassignment surgery.^ Outcome of sex reassignment surgery.
  • Transsexualism: Clinical guide to gender identity disorder — The Journal of Family Practice 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.jfponline.com [Source type: Academic]

^ I'm not going to have surgery to change my gender.
  • You learn something new every day. - Feministing 16 October 2009 11:15 UTC feministing.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Since Jorgensen's 'sex-change, thousands of individuals have undergone gender reassignment surgery.
  • Transsexualism, introduction & general aspects oftreatment 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.xs4all.nl [Source type: Academic]

.References to "pre-operative", "post-operative" and "non-operative" transsexual people indicate whether they have had, or are planning to have sex reassignment surgery, although some trans people reject these terms as objectifying trans people based on their surgical status and not their mental gender identity.^ Sex reassignment surgery: a study of 141 Dutch transsexuals .
  • TransMann - Zeitschriften 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.transmann.de [Source type: Academic]

^ Surgery for sex reassignment .
  • TransMann - Zeitschriften 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.transmann.de [Source type: Academic]

^ Transsexuals then have the right to marry in their post-operative sex.
  • Legal aspects of transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: Original source]

Cross-dresser

The term 'cross-dresser' is not exactly defined in the relevant literature. Michael A. Gilbert,[34] professor at the Department of Philosophy, York University, Toronto, offers this definition: "[A cross-dresser] is a person who has an apparent gender identification with one sex, and who has and certainly has been birth-designated as belonging to one sex, but who wears the clothing of the opposite sex because it is the clothing of the opposite sex." This excludes people "who wear opposite sex clothing for other reasons". Also, the group doesn't include "those female impersonators who look upon dressing as solely connected to their livelihood, actors undertaking roles, individual males and females enjoying a masquerade, and so on. .These individuals are cross dressing but are not cross dressers."^ Yes, I am transgendered but I also am a cross-dresser—I dress as a woman.
  • Transsexual 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.menstuff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Will these cross-dressing cross-country skiers get what they want - or just discover that some like it cold?
  • Gay & Lesbian Studies: Motion Picture Videos in the Media Resources Center, UC Berkeley 9 February 2010 14:45 UTC www.lib.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ Cross-dresser A "Cross-Dresser" is someone who usually presents a male gender but dresses in female clothing occasionally mostly at home but seldom if ever goes out in public cross dressed.
  • TransHistory - A Colourful Past and Present 14 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

[35] .Cross-dressers may not identify with, or want to be the opposite gender, nor adopt the behaviors or practices of the opposite gender, and generally do not want to change their bodies medically.^ This doesn't change who I am, or what I may identify as.

^ Persons with GID may find ways of living with nontraditional or cross-gendered identities that do not involve altering their bodies.
  • Transsexualism: Clinical guide to gender identity disorder — The Journal of Family Practice 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.jfponline.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Then if you have a letter from a medical person stating you wish to live your life as the opposite gender, you can change your passport and then driving licence and bank details to the new one, before changing your birth certificate.
  • Transgender students force lavatory change - Telegraph 14 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: General]

.The majority of cross-dressers identify as heterosexual.^ The preponderance of evidence now available identifies homosexuality to be as natural a sexual orientation for a significant percentage of persons as heterosexuality is the natural sexual orientation for the majority of persons.
  • Is Homosexuality a Sin? 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC dignitycanada.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Linda Phillips, a heterosexual cross-dresser who now lives full time as a woman, had to deal with the expectation that a male who dressed in women's clothes was gay.
  • Transsexual and Transgender Issues 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.aphroweb.net [Source type: Original source]

[36]

Transvestite

.A transvestite is somebody who cross-dresses.^ Transvestiten Transvestites : the erotic drive to cross dress   2555 .
  • Guide to Gay and Lesbian Resources: Index T 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.lib.uchicago.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ IJ TRANSGENDER on transsexualism, transvestitism, cross dressing and other transgender topics This site offers a wide variety of sources about the Transgender community.
  • BGSU :: Office of Multicultural Affairs :: LGBT Resource Center 18 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.bgsu.edu [Source type: News]

^ The fact is, transvestites cross-dress, or wear the clothing of opposite sex to fulfill some sort of gratification, which can sometimes be sexual.
  • transgender : The Temple News 14 January 2010 9:41 UTC temple-news.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[37][38] .The term "transvestite" is used as a synonym for the term "cross-dresser",[39][40] although it has been stated that "cross-dresser" is the preferred term.^ (Although If my count is correct, there have already been about 4 different definitions used of the term “gender” in this comment section.
  • Ten Most Common Lies (or being kind, misconceptions) About Transsexuality 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC ts-si.org [Source type: Original source]

^ January 6, 2010 at 10:40 AM 27 27 @7, there's a big difference between stating a personal preference or aversion and applying it as a universal truth.
  • Letterman on Obama's Trans Appointee | Slog | The Stranger, Seattle's Only Newspaper 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC slog.thestranger.com [Source type: General]

^ For long-term post-op use, oestradiol valerate is probably preferable.

[40][41] .The term "transvestite" and the associated term "transvestism" are conceptually different from the term "fetishistic transvestism" (a.k.a.^ The terms come from the psychological establishment, which still associates gender identity with gender roles (as in the Standards of Care) but have acquired different meanings in trans circles.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

."transvestic fetishism"), as "transvestic fetishist" describes those who intermittently use clothing of the opposite gender for fetishistic purposes,[42][43] and "transvestite" does not.^ The following states have laws which might be used against transsexuals who are living and dressing in the clothes of their "opposite" sex: Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Nevada, New York, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas, Utah and Washington state.
  • Susan's Place Transgender Resources for Transsexuals and Crossdressers: Library: The Transsexuality Of A Parent As A Factor In The Award Of Child Custody And Visitation Rights 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC www.susans.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Although the incidence of transsexualism is "centuries old, "[12] until recently[13] transsexualism had been grouped together with transvestism[14] (a desire to wear the clothes of the opposite sex) and homosexuality[15] (sexual desire for those of one's own sex).
  • Susan's Place Transgender Resources for Transsexuals and Crossdressers: Library: The Transsexuality Of A Parent As A Factor In The Award Of Child Custody And Visitation Rights 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC www.susans.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The next key issue will be the classification of those IS people who reject the so-called gender assignment imposed on them as infants.
  • Final thoughts on yet another Bilerico thread about transgender « Aria Blue 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC ariablue.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In medical terms, transvestic fetishism is differentiated from cross-dressing by use of the separate codes 302.3[43] in the DSM and F65.1[42] in the ICD.^ Public's view of transvestism/ cross dressing Index .

^ Cross-dressing can be done by straight people and can be performative, using the performative space as a venue for trying things out.” .
  • transgender : The Temple News 14 January 2010 9:41 UTC temple-news.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "The term 'homophobia' is often used inaccurately to describe any person who objects to homosexual behavior on either moral, psychological or medical grounds.

Drag kings and queens

New York City drag king Murray Hill with drag queen Linda Simpson.
.Drag is a term applied to clothing and make-up worn on special occasions for performing or entertaining as a hostess, stage artist or at an event (e.g.^ Special feature: This month's short film : The Pick-up artist / director, Steffen Weinert (13 min., in German with English subtitles).
  • Gay & Lesbian Studies: Motion Picture Videos in the Media Resources Center, UC Berkeley 9 February 2010 14:45 UTC www.lib.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ The lack of long-term follow-up studies makes these statistics misleading.
  • Susan's Place Transgender Resources for Transsexuals and Crossdressers: Library: Sex Reassignment Surgery: Historical, Bioethical, and Theoretical Issues 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.susans.org [Source type: Academic]

^ "I'm not transgendered but I consider myself a very masculine woman and often times it has to do with gender performance (again, wearing make-up, etc.
  • You learn something new every day. - Feministing 16 October 2009 11:15 UTC feministing.com [Source type: Original source]

Lypsinka). .This is in contrast to those who cross-dress for other reasons or are otherwise transgender.^ The International Foundation for Gender Education is an educational and charitable organization addressing cross dressing and transgender issues.
  • history 18 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ohio.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ P.S. To other members: Why don't we just leave those who want to be removed from this list alone without reaching any conclusion?!
  • Transexuality (Transsexuality) and Homosexuality and "Choice" in Behavior 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ There is every reason for hope that with time those who seek freedom will find it, but we must recognize when we encourage hope, there are some who will not achieve their goals.

.Drag can be theatrical, comedic, or grotesque, and female-identified drag has been considered a caricature of women by second-wave feminism.^ (Of course, not all drag queens have sex-change operations in order to be closer to females in body, but all do pretend in many ways to be women.
  • TRANSSEXUALISM---books reviewed by James Park 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.tc.umn.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Gender is more than that, and real feminism, not this second wave "radical" feminism (which in reality is bigotry and its own form of misogyny when it displays this aspect), is about equal rights for all women.
  • You learn something new every day. - Feministing 16 October 2009 11:15 UTC feministing.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In Greek Theatre, not only were women not allowed to act, it was considered that because they lacked reason, women would be unable to comprehend theatrical presentations and they were not allowed to even attend a theatre.
  • TransHistory - A Colourful Past and Present 14 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.Within the genre of drag are gender illusionists who do try to pass as another gender.^ Transsexualism is often included within the broader term transgender , which is generally considered an umbrella term for people who do not conform to typical accepted gender roles , for example cross-dressers , drag queens , and people who identify as genderqueer .
  • Transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Transsexualism 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.hollywoodlawn.com [Source type: General]

^ AU / SAE is composed of people of all sexual orientations and gender identities and so it is open to all people within the United Church of Canada who support these goals.

^ Now, the drag queens, they do talk about passing and so do some of the questionable gender therapists.
  • Final thoughts on yet another Bilerico thread about transgender « Aria Blue 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC ariablue.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Drag artists explore gender issues and have a long tradition in LGBT culture.^ Descriptions from classical mythology, classical history, Renaissance and nineteenth-century history plus cultural anthropology point to the long-standing diversity of gender, and the ways it was expressed.
  • Transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ People Transgender bigendered crossdresser drag king drag queen gender lgbt trans trans man trans women transgender transsexual transvestite Rikki Recommends...
  • TransHistory - A Colourful Past and Present 14 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ As kids at ever-younger ages grapple with issues of gender variance, doctors, psychologists and parents are weighing how to balance immediate desires and long-term ones.
  • Transsexual 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.menstuff.org [Source type: Original source]

.Drag has been regarded as an area where transgender people can find more acceptance and financial support than mainstream work environments.^ Generally I suppose I find more acceptance than not.
  • While we're at it...... Transsexualism [Archive] - The Wench.Org Forums 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.wench.org [Source type: Original source]

^ People Transgender bigendered crossdresser drag king drag queen More...
  • TransHistory - A Colourful Past and Present 14 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ It is more advocacy and support than science .
  • TRANSSEXUALISM---books reviewed by James Park 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.tc.umn.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Generally the terms drag queen covers men doing female drag, drag king covers women doing male drag, and faux queen covers women doing female drag.^ Males and females typically become men and women, respectively.
  • PRIDE AND PREJUDICE: THE HOMOSEXUAL PANIC DEFENSE 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.bc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The term for females impersonating male counterparts is drag king.
  • transgender : The Temple News 14 January 2010 9:41 UTC temple-news.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because drag queens are male prostitutes who pretend to be female to please their gay male clients, they are often erased both by the general culture (which does not acknowledge homosexuals at all) and by the gay men's sub-culture because drag queens are entertainers and prostitutes not regular members of the gay men's sub-culture.
  • TRANSSEXUALISM---books reviewed by James Park 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.tc.umn.edu [Source type: Original source]

Genderqueer

.Genderqueer is a recent attempt to signify gender experiences that do not fit into binary concepts, and refers to a combination of gender identities and sexual orientations.^ In: Sexual and gender identity disorders.
  • NEJM -- Homosexuality 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC content.nejm.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures .
  • Homosexuality - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The hormone treatments had no effect on the sexuality or gender identity of the experiments.
  • 20th Century Transgender History 19 September 2009 23:16 UTC jenellerose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.One example could be a person whose gender presentation is sometimes perceived as male, sometimes female, but whose gender identity is female, gender expression is butch, and sexual orientation is lesbian.^ Ones sexual orientation is not what saves them.
  • Homosexuality & Christianity - The Christian Arsenal 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.christianarsenal.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Transsexualism is a gender identity problem and a person's sexual orientation is not relevant to this issue.
  • Transsexualism, introduction & general aspects oftreatment 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.xs4all.nl [Source type: Academic]

^ In: Sexual and gender identity disorders.
  • NEJM -- Homosexuality 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC content.nejm.org [Source type: Academic]

.It suggests nonconformity or mixing of gender stereotypes, conjoining both gender and sexuality,[44] and challenges existing constructions and identities.^ In: Sexual and gender identity disorders.
  • NEJM -- Homosexuality 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC content.nejm.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures .
  • Homosexuality - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sexual Inversion by Havelock Ellis, published in 1896, challenged theories that homosexuality was abnormal, as well as stereotypes, and insisted on the ubiquity of homosexuality and its association with intellectual and artistic achievement.
  • Homosexuality - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[45] .Genderqueerness is unintelligible and abjected in the binary sex/gender system.^ Persons with GID transgress the traditional binary gender system and as a consequence experience discrimination in employment, social services and housing.
  • Transsexualism: Clinical guide to gender identity disorder — The Journal of Family Practice 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.jfponline.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Gender’s nature: Intersexuality, transsexualism and the ‘sex’/’gender’ binary.
  • Transvestism, transsexualism and transgender issues (The Men's Bibliography) 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC mensbiblio.xyonline.net [Source type: Academic]

[46]

People who live cross-gender

.People who live cross-gender live always or mostly as the gender other than that assigned at birth.^ A strong and persistent cross-gender identification defined as the desire to be or the insistence that one is of the other sex (must not be merely a desire for any perceived cultural advantages of being the other sex) .
  • Transsexualism: Clinical guide to gender identity disorder — The Journal of Family Practice 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.jfponline.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Persons with GID may find ways of living with nontraditional or cross-gendered identities that do not involve altering their bodies.
  • Transsexualism: Clinical guide to gender identity disorder — The Journal of Family Practice 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.jfponline.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It's odd, it is seen as 'going against God' and plus, people think if we admit this is possible then people will want to live all over the gender spectrum.
  • AP Legitimizes Genderbender With Idaho Inmate Who Castrated 'Herself' | NewsBusters.org 16 October 2009 11:15 UTC www.newsbusters.org [Source type: Original source]

.If they want to be or identify as their gender assigned at birth, then the term "crossdresser"[47] may be used.^ If people want to use condoms, they can.

^ They target the gender-incongruous and subject them to verbal threats and harassment, physical intimidation and violence, and use discrimination and ostracism to isolate such individuals socially .
  • | HBS INTERNATIONAL | All About Harry Benjamin's Syndrome 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC shb-info.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Transgendered people who are transitioning are required to pass a real life test, which involves living [and therefore urinating] in the gender they identify with for a minimum of two years prior to obtaining their gender reassignment certificate and new birth certificate.
  • Transgender students force lavatory change - Telegraph 14 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: General]

.If they want to be or identify as the gender they always or mostly live in, then the term "transsexual" may be used.^ If people want to use condoms, they can.

^ It's odd, it is seen as 'going against God' and plus, people think if we admit this is possible then people will want to live all over the gender spectrum.
  • AP Legitimizes Genderbender With Idaho Inmate Who Castrated 'Herself' | NewsBusters.org 16 October 2009 11:15 UTC www.newsbusters.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They target the gender-incongruous and subject them to verbal threats and harassment, physical intimidation and violence, and use discrimination and ostracism to isolate such individuals socially .
  • | HBS INTERNATIONAL | All About Harry Benjamin's Syndrome 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC shb-info.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[31] .The term "transgender"[48][49][50] or "transgenderist"[51] has been applied to people who live cross-gender without sex reassignment surgery.^ Surgery for sex reassignment .
  • TransMann - Zeitschriften 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.transmann.de [Source type: Academic]

^ Transgender is an umbrella term for gender variant people.
  • You learn something new every day. - Feministing 16 October 2009 11:15 UTC feministing.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Psychiatric aspects of sex reassignment surgery .
  • TransMann - Zeitschriften 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.transmann.de [Source type: Academic]

Androgyne

.An androgyne is a person who does not fit cleanly into the typical gender roles of their society.^ Transsexualism does not reify gender roles.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Furthermore, with sex conflated with gender and gender conflated with gender role, is it any wonder that a person who never considered themselves accurately portrayed by their role as prescribed by society would reject that in favor of a sex or gender identity consistent with who they know themselves to be ?
  • Transsexuality, is it real? - Topic Powered by Eve Community 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC episteme.arstechnica.com [Source type: General]

^ Transsexualism is often included within the broader term transgender , which is generally considered an umbrella term for people who do not conform to typical accepted gender roles , for example cross-dressers , drag queens , and people who identify as genderqueer .
  • Transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Transsexualism 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.hollywoodlawn.com [Source type: General]

.It does not imply any specific form of sexual orientation.^ Does not discriminate against sexual orientation.
  • The American Fertility Association : Resources : The LGBT Professional Network 18 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.theafa.org [Source type: News]

^ Space does not allow for a discussion of cultural and ethnic diversity with regard to sexual orientation 2 .
  • NEJM -- Homosexuality 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC content.nejm.org [Source type: Academic]

^ It does not illumine the complex issues of sexual orientation.
  • Arguing Against Homosexuality 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.inplainsite.org [Source type: Original source]

.Androgynes may identify as beyond gender, between genders, moving across genders, entirely genderless, or any or all of these.^ Unfortunately found across all genders.
  • You learn something new every day. - Feministing 16 October 2009 11:15 UTC feministing.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Trans Man An umbrella term to describe someone who is somewhere on a continuum between female and male and presenting a male gender some or all of the time.
  • TransHistory - A Colourful Past and Present 14 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ All subjects reported that the feeling of incongruity between their anatomic sex and gender identity was relieved.
  • Transsexualism, introduction & general aspects oftreatment 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.xs4all.nl [Source type: Academic]

.Androgyne identities include pangender, bigender, ambigender, non-gendered, agender, gender fluid or intergender.^ Of the 147 universities that include gender identity and expression in their nondiscriminatory policies, Temple isn’t one of them.
  • transgender : The Temple News 14 January 2010 9:41 UTC temple-news.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In many countries, laws are providing increasing protection from workplace discrimination to transpeople, and an increasing number of companies are including "gender identity" in their non-discrimination policies.
  • Transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Transsexualism 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.hollywoodlawn.com [Source type: General]

^ "Transgender" is an umbrella term that includes anyone whose gender identity or expression differs from the sex of their birth—whether they have surgery or not.
  • Transsexual 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.menstuff.org [Source type: Original source]

.Androgyny can be either physical or psychological; it does not depend on birth sex and is not limited to intersex people.^ An even larger group of people born intersex have been successfully assigned near birth to be one sex or the other.
  • TRANSSEXUALISM---books reviewed by James Park 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.tc.umn.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The policy also allows people in same-sex relationships to declare their partners as dependents on income tax returns.
  • HOMOSEXUAL RIGHTS AROUND THE WOR 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.forplu.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is clear that the Constitution does not grant the right of marriage to same-sex couples either explicitly or implicitly.
  • Same-Sex Marriage 19 September 2009 1:21 UTC www.inplainsite.org [Source type: Original source]

.Occasionally, people who do not define themselves as androgynes adapt their physical appearance to look androgynous.^ Cis society questions people who look physically ambiguous.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I don't believe in the ex-gay thing, but I feel less anger and more pity for the people who convince themselves that that's how it works.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Obama supporter: ‘God delivered me from homosexuality’ « - Blogs from CNN.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Once ten o’ clock rolls around, the bar becomes scattered with people who are free to be themselves for a while.

.This outward androgyny has been used in fashion, and the milder forms of it (women wearing men's pants or men wearing two earrings, for example) are not seen as transgender behavior.^ However, the 'public manifestation' law against homosexuality is used against transgender people, effeminate men or any public displays of same-sex affection.
  • Homosexuality laws of the world - T-Vox 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.t-vox.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Other authors, Janice Ramond and Germaine Greer being notable examples, saw MTF transgender people as exploitive of women, aping the forms of femininity, supporting the artificial sexist forms that oppress women.
  • 20th Century Transgender History 19 September 2009 23:16 UTC jenellerose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Wearing make-up and dresses aren't inherenitly female, there was a time when both men and women did that.
  • You learn something new every day. - Feministing 16 October 2009 11:15 UTC feministing.com [Source type: Original source]

.The term androgyne is also sometimes used as a medical synonym for an intersex individual.^ More recently some of the students of animal behavior (e.g., Beach in later papers) have used the term bisexual to apply to individuals which assume sometimes male and sometimes female roles during sexual activities.
  • Kinsey Report on male sex behavior, Ch. 21 Homosexual Outlet 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.well.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "The term 'homophobia' is often used inaccurately to describe any person who objects to homosexual behavior on either moral, psychological or medical grounds.

^ A more modern method involves the use of scrotal tissue, and is sometimes termed 'peno-scrotal inversion'.

[52]

Transgender people and the LGBT community

.Gender identity and transgender identity are fundamentally different concepts to that of sexual orientation.^ In: Sexual and gender identity disorders.
  • NEJM -- Homosexuality 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC content.nejm.org [Source type: Academic]

^ What is the difference between gender roles and gender identity.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures .
  • Homosexuality - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Transgender people have more or less the same variety of sexual orientations as cisgender people.^ It's fine if one is sexually attracted to members of the same sex, but do you people really think it makes a different what whole that person sticks it in?

^ Women in particular are more likely to pursue sexual activities with others of the same gender.
  • Homosexual - The Local 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.thelocal.se [Source type: News]

^ Some transsexual people may also prefer transgender over transsexual , because this minority sees the issue to be about gender rather than sexuality .

[53] .In the past, the terms homosexual and heterosexual were used for transgender individuals based on their birth sex.^ We have objected to the use of the terms heterosexual and homosexual when used as nouns which stand for individuals.
  • Kinsey Report on male sex behavior, Ch. 21 Homosexual Outlet 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.well.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Homosexual and transgender individuals were also common among other pre-conquest civilizations in Latin America, such as the Aztecs, Mayans, Quechas, Moches, Zapotecs, and the Tupinambá of Brazil.
  • Homosexuality - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The sexual appeal of faces (ages 18-60 years) of the desired sex to homosexual and heterosexual men.
  • Homosexinfo - Sexuality - Homosexuality, Child Molestation, Pedophilia and Hebephilia 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.homosexinfo.org [Source type: Academic]

[54] .Professional literature now uses terms such as attracted to men (androsexual), attracted to women (gynosexual), attracted to both or attracted to neither to describe a person's sexual orientation without reference to their gender identity.^ Transsexualism is a gender identity problem and a person's sexual orientation is not relevant to this issue.
  • Transsexualism, introduction & general aspects oftreatment 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.xs4all.nl [Source type: Academic]

^ In: Sexual and gender identity disorders.
  • NEJM -- Homosexuality 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC content.nejm.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Hetero women, not hetero men, and thus, as women, attracted to men.
  • Transsexuality, is it real? - Topic Powered by Eve Community 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC episteme.arstechnica.com [Source type: General]

[55] .Therapists are coming to understand the necessity of choosing terms with respect to their clients' gender identities and preferences.^ The term "gender identity" comes from the medical establishment.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Well, gender identity is the accepted term...
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The operation was an historic turning point for the proper understanding of Gender Identity Disorder in our country.

[56][57]
.Despite this distinction, throughout history the gay, lesbian, and bisexual subculture was often the only place where gender-variant people were socially accepted in the gender role they felt they belonged to; especially during the time when legal or medical transitioning was almost impossible.^ Working against discrimination: Gay, lesbian and bisexual people on the job.

^ Lesbian, gay, and bisexual development during adolescence and young adulthood.

^ Lesbians, gay men, and bisexual people in college.

This acceptance has had a complex history. .Like the wider world, the gay community in Western societies did not generally distinguish between sex and gender identity until the 1970s, and generally perceived gender variant people more as homosexuals who behaved in a gender-variant way than as gender-variant people in their own right.^ What is the difference between gender roles and gender identity.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There are no rights or wrongs in the way people express their own gender style...
  • Transsexual and Transgender Issues 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.aphroweb.net [Source type: Original source]

^ I have seen people who are genuinely homosexual.
  • Transexuality (Transsexuality) and Homosexuality and "Choice" in Behavior 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In the years following the sexual revolution of the 1960s, transgender sexuality has often been accepted into the fold of the burgeoning LGBT movement.^ LGBT Movement LGBT Decision-making Publications staff transgender Uncategorized video violence Blog tags .
  • Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Organization in Kyrgyzstan 14 January 2010 9:41 UTC kyrgyzlabrys.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A little over a decade before the 1960s sexual revolution, Alfred C. Kinsey founded the Institute for Sex Research.
  • FredsBibleTalk.com - Hope for the Homosexual - By Travis Allen 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.fredsbibletalk.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 2003 Háttér Support Society for LGBT People in Hungary undertook research into the situation of transgender people in the social and health care system in Hungary.
  • Social visibility and acceptance of LGBT people in Hungary 18 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.policy.hu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The nature and degree of this acceptance has not been without controversy, however, and has drawn criticism from LGB and transgender people alike.^ However, the 'public manifestation' law against homosexuality is used against transgender people, effeminate men or any public displays of same-sex affection.
  • Homosexuality laws of the world - T-Vox 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.t-vox.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus, the Stonewall riots of 1969, naturally began with the standard sweeping arrests of transgendered people.
  • 20th Century Transgender History 19 September 2009 23:16 UTC jenellerose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Without transsexual, transgender is a flat, lifeless construct that exists only to ghettoize the lives of people who don’t live in the mainstream.
  • Final thoughts on yet another Bilerico thread about transgender « Aria Blue 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC ariablue.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Pride symbols

The transgender pride flag
A common symbol for the transgender community is the transgender pride flag, which was designed by Monica Helms, and was first shown at a pride parade in Phoenix, Arizona, United States in 2000.
The flag consists of five horizontal stripes, two light blue, two pink, with a white stripe in the center.
Monica describes the meaning of the flag as follows:
.The light blue is the traditional color for baby boys, pink is for girls, and the white in the middle is for those who are transitioning, those who feel they have a neutral gender or no gender, and those who are intersexed.^ His theory is that boys feel attraction for those who were different from them.
  • Born That Way? Facts and Fiction about Homosexuality 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.fairlds.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For the 2-3% who feel they have always been homosexual .
  • Homosexuality - options for a way out 14 January 2010 2:12 UTC boysunderattack.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One of the organizations logos, this symbol combines the lavender color and the pink triangle shape with a ring denoting various genders all fused into one.
  • history 18 January 2010 6:06 UTC www.ohio.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The pattern is such that no matter which way you fly it, it will always be correct.^ God loves you no matter what you are!
  • Young and Bisexual Lesbian stories 9 February 2010 14:45 UTC www.avert.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ No, because you were born that way.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Obama supporter: ‘God delivered me from homosexuality’ « - Blogs from CNN.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Grinding against one pole you’ll find a lesbian couple dressed in overalls that are in no way an ironic fashion statement.

.This symbolizes us trying to find correctness in our own lives.^ He offers her “living water.” That special drink symbolizes the Spirit of resurrection poured out on human hearts, able to satisfy the deepest desires within us.

^ In our obsession with pleasure, we may even walk away from the God who created us -- and in the process we may cause God to abandon all the great dreams God has for our lives.
  • What the Bible Says - And Doesn't Say - About Homosexuality 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.soulforce.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "Our families need to have these rights, especially people like us who live with HIV and need a shared health care plan," Freyre said.
  • Transsexual 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.menstuff.org [Source type: Original source]

.Other transgender symbols include the butterfly (symbolizing transformation or metamorphosis), and a pink/light blue yin and yang symbol.^ As far as you are aware, are any other blood members of your family transgendered (include grandparents, grandchildren, aunts/uncles & cousins)?

^ The transgender community lobbied the HRC and other organizations to amend the language to include transgender and gender variant gay & lesbian protection.
  • 20th Century Transgender History 19 September 2009 23:16 UTC jenellerose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Transgender people and feminism

.Some feminists and feminist groups are supportive of transgender people.^ To some authors this meant that transgender people were free to express themselves in any manner they chose since all gender expression is as valid as any other.
  • 20th Century Transgender History 19 September 2009 23:16 UTC jenellerose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Church feels that reference to "gays" or "lesbians" as such gives support to a false or unproven idea that some people are genetically determined to behave in a homosexual manner.
  • Homosexuality and The Church of Jesus Christ 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.fairlds.org [Source type: Original source]

^ August 2, 2007 1:41 PM [ 0 + I've always supported the right of people to get sex change operations more on libertarian grounds than feminist ones.
  • You learn something new every day. - Feministing 16 October 2009 11:15 UTC feministing.com [Source type: Original source]

Others are not.
.Feminist writer Janice Raymond asserts that sex determines gender, and that there is no practical difference between the two.^ So marriage is the joining of two different sexes.

^ What is the difference between gender roles and gender identity.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And there is no way to make sex-differences go away.
  • TRANSSEXUALISM---books reviewed by James Park 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.tc.umn.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In her view, genitalia or "birth sex" or chromosomes deeply and permanently determine one's essential identity as a woman or man; trying to violate this divide is impossible, unnatural, and unhealthy.^ We determine one's sex by looking at their parts.
  • Arguing Against Homosexuality 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.inplainsite.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Transgender is an identity...a third category, one separate from man or woman.
  • Ten Most Common Lies (or being kind, misconceptions) About Transsexuality 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC ts-si.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But it was also an abomination (and one worthy of death) to masturbate or even to interrupt coitus (to halt sex with your spouse before ejaculation as an act of birth control).
  • What the Bible Says - And Doesn't Say - About Homosexuality 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.soulforce.org [Source type: Original source]

.She argues that while transpeople may claim to feel like a certain gender, only a biological female can genuinely feel what it is to occupy a woman's body, including having experiences such as childbirth.^ This purpose can only be fulfilled when it is mixed with a female egg, and such a meeting can only occur while the penis is inside a vagina.
  • Arguing Against Homosexuality 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.inplainsite.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Penises and vulvas are all different from each other, what one woman likes I may not, what one man likes another may not.
  • Lesbians have better sex than straight women. - Feministing 28 January 2010 0:16 UTC feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saying that you aren't really a man or woman because you don't sincerely feel like one is a bold, brave declaration of your perspective - but it simultaneously implies that there are certain things a "real" man or a "real" woman can and cannot (or should and should not) feel.
  • Letterman on Obama's Trans Appointee | Slog | The Stranger, Seattle's Only Newspaper 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC slog.thestranger.com [Source type: General]

[58]

Transgender healthcare

Mental healthcare

.Beginning therapy is recommended for all people who are frustrated by their gender, especially if they desire to transition.^ All of us are people of desire.

^ That they are not really experiencing a gender at all...
  • 20th Century Transgender History 19 September 2009 23:16 UTC jenellerose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The next key issue will be the classification of those IS people who reject the so-called gender assignment imposed on them as infants.
  • Final thoughts on yet another Bilerico thread about transgender « Aria Blue 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC ariablue.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.People who experience discord between their gender and the expectations of others or whose gender identity conflicts with their body benefit by talking through their feelings in depth with someone who will listen indefinitely.^ What is the difference between gender roles and gender identity.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I feel it is someone other than Narissa.
  • Final thoughts on yet another Bilerico thread about transgender « Aria Blue 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC ariablue.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I do feel badly for people who feel as thogh they are in the wrong body.

.However, gender identity is new to psychology and research is still in its infancy.^ Toward a new psychology of gender   2349 .
  • Guide to Gay and Lesbian Resources: Index T 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.lib.uchicago.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ However, dramatic modern medical and surgical advances have made it possible for the gender-identity conflicts of intense transsexuals to be fully corrected.
  • Information on Transgenderism, Transsexualism and Intersexualism, by Lynn Conway [ Part II ] 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC ai.eecs.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gender identity disorders encompass, however, a whole spectrum of feelings of inappropriateness of the assigned sex and therefore a more global term as gender dysphoria is appropriate.
  • Transsexualism, introduction & general aspects oftreatment 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.xs4all.nl [Source type: Academic]

[59]
.Transgender people may be eligible for diagnosis of gender identity disorder (GID) "only if [being transgender] causes distress or disability."^ In: Sexual and gender identity disorders.
  • NEJM -- Homosexuality 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC content.nejm.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Terminology and classification of gender identity disorders.
  • Advances in the History of Psychology » Blog Archive » Bibliography: Histories of Homosexuality 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC ahp.yorku.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ Adult gender identity disorder can remit .
  • Transgender-Transsexual-Transvestite: Bibliography and Abstracts 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.ucalgary.ca [Source type: Academic]

[60] .This distress is referred to as gender dysphoria and may manifest as depression or inability to work and form healthy relationships with others.^ This may refer to a relationship or situation.
  • Dream Moods Dictionary: Words That Begin With H 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.dreammoods.com [Source type: General]

^ The entire process of switching from one physical sex and social gender presentation to the other is often referred to as transition , and usually takes several years.
  • Transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Transsexualism 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.hollywoodlawn.com [Source type: General]

^ Why is it that all cultures have approved of marriage as a male/female relationship--and only this relationship--while ignoring all other forms of relationships?
  • Same-Sex Marriage 19 September 2009 1:21 UTC www.inplainsite.org [Source type: Original source]

.This diagnosis is often over-simplified to mean that simply being transgender means a person suffers from GID which is not true.^ "It simply means those who fit the classic transsexual profile of early onset of knowledge of being transsexual, experience dysphoric imperative and if left untreated eventually have a GID crisis."
  • Transsexual "gene"? | The Bilerico Project 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.bilerico.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One Post-Modern philosophical theory, one that has a striking resemblance to the psychosocial theory that transgendered people are simply crazy, has it that transgendered people are suffering under a “false consciousness'”.
  • 20th Century Transgender History 19 September 2009 23:16 UTC jenellerose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So-called “true transsexuals” by then had to conform to the their reality, not having the technical means to even look like a “transgender” by then we were a bunch of cross dressers.
  • Ten Most Common Lies (or being kind, misconceptions) About Transsexuality 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC ts-si.org [Source type: Original source]

.This has caused much confusion to transgender people and those who strongly seek to either criticize or affirm them.^ You're a bigot for assuming anything about me, as is typical of those who throw around baseless accusations of racism and bigotry to rally sympathy to their cause...
  • Internet Archive Forums: View Post 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The next key issue will be the classification of those IS people who reject the so-called gender assignment imposed on them as infants.
  • Final thoughts on yet another Bilerico thread about transgender « Aria Blue 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC ariablue.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is every reason for hope that with time those who seek freedom will find it, but we must recognize when we encourage hope, there are some who will not achieve their goals.

.Transgender people who are comfortable with their gender, whose gender does not directly cause inner frustration or impair their functioning, do not have GID and are not applicable for a related mental disorder.^ The next key issue will be the classification of those IS people who reject the so-called gender assignment imposed on them as infants.
  • Final thoughts on yet another Bilerico thread about transgender « Aria Blue 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC ariablue.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Transsexualism is often included within the broader term transgender , which is generally considered an umbrella term for people who do not conform to typical accepted gender roles , for example cross-dressers , drag queens , and people who identify as genderqueer .
  • Transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Transsexualism 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.hollywoodlawn.com [Source type: General]

^ If you point to various transgender people who do not seek transition, crossdressers simply are not transsexual.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

.Further, GID is not permanent and is usually resolved through therapy and transitioning, especially its social aspects.^ Once you've permanently transitioned, try to raise your fundamental frequency further towards middle-C (262 Hz).
  • Information on Transgenderism, Transsexualism and Intersexualism, by Lynn Conway [ Part II ] 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC ai.eecs.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The entire process of switching from one physical sex and social gender presentation to the other is often referred to as transition , and usually takes several years.

^ They claimed that their permission was required for hormones, for social transition and for SRS, and it often was granted only after years of "therapy".
  • Information on Transgenderism, Transsexualism and Intersexualism, by Lynn Conway [ Part II ] 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC ai.eecs.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.GID does not refer to people who feel oppressed by the negative attitudes and behaviors or others including legal entities in the same way that racist institutions do not create a "race disorder."^ I think armchair coaches and theologists of all sexes feel the same about other leaders who seem a bit fuzzy-headed in the line of duty since last century, but only seem in charge about their fuzzy-headed decisions.
  • The radical feminist at Boston College for 33 years died on Jan 3rd. - Catholic Answers Forums 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC forums.catholic.com [Source type: General]

^ References to the scriptures are being used as the backbone of much of the heated discussion about gay people in a way that has not been seen since the Scopes evolution trial.

^ For hatred type comments, Noise Collector I refer you to the 1000s of other websites, where people of like mind to you, will willingly agree with hatred comments, (and even praise you for them,) against people of colour, religion, or even the way they comb their hair.
  • Internet Archive Forums: View Post 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Neither does GID imply an opinion of immorality - the psychological establishment holds the position that people with any kind of mental or emotional problem should not receive stigma.^ You people have mental problems.

^ To draw an analogy to the treatment of another mental disorder, Alcoholics Anonymous have been successful in treating alcoholism with the goal of abstinence, but that intervention success does not imply that everyone should never drink liquor.
  • neurodiversity.com | g.a. rekers: atypical gender development and psychosocial adjustment 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.neurodiversity.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The APA has distinct clinical criteria for identifying something as a mental (psychological) disorder, and "intrinsically immoral, against God's plan" is not part of the APA criteria.
  • California Catholic Daily - “Nudity laws still apply” 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.calcatholic.com [Source type: Original source]

.The solution for GID is whatever will alleviate suffering and restore functionality; this often, but not always, consists of undergoing a gender transition.^ The entire process of switching from one physical sex and social gender presentation to the other is often referred to as transition , and usually takes several years.
  • Transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Transsexualism 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.hollywoodlawn.com [Source type: General]

^ I have always supported people's rights to identify with whatever gender they like even though I too believe that most facets of gender are socially constructed.
  • You learn something new every day. - Feministing 16 October 2009 11:15 UTC feministing.com [Source type: Original source]

^ TS transition is a term used by transsexual people for the period of time when one is undergoing a "change of social and physical gender".
  • Information on Transgenderism, Transsexualism and Intersexualism, by Lynn Conway [ Part II ] 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC ai.eecs.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[59]
.The terms "transsexualism", "dual-role transvestism", "gender identity disorder in adolescents or adults" and "gender identity disorder not otherwise specified" are listed as such in the International Statistical Classification of Diseases (ICD) or the American Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) under codes F64.0, F64.1, 302.85 and 302.6 respectively.^ DSM-III-R Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of mental disorders (Third edition-revised).
  • Transsexualism, introduction & general aspects oftreatment 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.xs4all.nl [Source type: Academic]

^ In: Sexual and gender identity disorders.
  • NEJM -- Homosexuality 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC content.nejm.org [Source type: Academic]

^ What is the difference between gender roles and gender identity.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

[61]
.In February 2010, France became the first country in the world to remove transgender identity from the list of mental diseases.^ "Hermaphroditic identity and hermaphrodites", Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease (1964) 139, n5, pp.453-7.
  • bibliographie troubles de l'identité sexuelle bibliography sex gender identity troubles 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC pierrehenri.castel.free.fr [Source type: Academic]

^ In 2001, the Netherlands became the first country to legalize same-sex marriage and was followed by Belgium in 2003.
  • Vanier Institute of the Family -- Virtual Library - Contemporary Family Trends - Same-Sex Couples and Same-Sex-Parent Families: Relationships, Parenting, and Issues of Marriage, 19 September 2009 1:21 UTC www.vifamily.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ Transgender-related issues remain largely taboo in much of Africa and in developing countries around the world.
  • Transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[62][63]
.The issues around psychological classifications and associated stigma (whether based in paraphilia or not) of cross dressers, transsexual men and women (and for that matter lesbian and gay children who may be difficult to tell apart from trans children early in life) have recently become more complex since it was announced that CAMH colleagues Kenneth Zucker and Ray Blanchard would serve on the DSM-V's Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders Work Group [10].^ Family caregiving among lesbians and gay men.

^ We have been serving the Gay/Lesbian community since 1979.

^ Transvestites and transsexuals are examples of gay and lesbian life.
  • Final Report of Listening Committee for Homosexual Concerns 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.ambs.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.CAMH aims to 'cure' transgendered people of their 'disorder', especially in children.^ His thoughts on the developing sexual identity and sexuality of infants and children profoundly influenced how transgendered people would be viewed in North America.
  • 20th Century Transgender History 19 September 2009 23:16 UTC jenellerose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most people have not carefully and prayerfully researched the biblical texts often used to condemn God's lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender children.
  • What the Bible Says - And Doesn't Say - About Homosexuality 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.soulforce.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Children of Lesbians & Gays Everywhere Supporting young people with gay, lesbian, bisexual, & transgender parents.

.Within the trans community this has mostly produced shock and outrage, including a petition against the appointments [11] and attempts to organize other responses [12].^ Posted by step by step on January 6, 2010 at 1:48 PM Comment by eric (the other one) on January 6, 2010 at 2:11 PM 37 37 @20, I'm shocked too!
  • Letterman on Obama's Trans Appointee | Slog | The Stranger, Seattle's Only Newspaper 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC slog.thestranger.com [Source type: General]

^ Violence within and against the transgender community: Preliminary survey results.
  • Transgender-Transsexual-Transvestite: Bibliography and Abstracts 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.ucalgary.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ Other attempts to avoid the misleading -sexual have been the increasing acceptance of transgender or trans* and in some areas, transidentity .
  • Transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Transsexualism 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.hollywoodlawn.com [Source type: General]

.One of the reasons there is so much controversy about Kenneth Zucker and Ray Blanchard's work group is because many people believe that gender identity disorders/homosexuality are incurable as they are genetic and/or occur as a result of events occurring before birth (therefore already "solidified" by the time of birth).^ In: Sexual and gender identity disorders.
  • NEJM -- Homosexuality 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC content.nejm.org [Source type: Academic]

^ You are conflating homosexuality with Gender Identity Disorder.
  • Transsexuality, is it real? - Topic Powered by Eve Community 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC episteme.arstechnica.com [Source type: General]

^ Many transgender people have believed for the longest time that biology had been the cause.
  • Transsexual "gene"? | The Bilerico Project 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.bilerico.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If this is the case, then trying to 'cure' said condition(s) could lead (and in some individuals already has led[64][65][66]) to increased confusion, more intense dysphoria later in life, and perhaps even suicide (likely due to the fact that the younger the transgendered individual, the greater the effect of hormones).^ Security concerns about Alexa in Netscape 4.0.6: http://www.interhack.net/pubs/whatsrelated/ The logs of this data, when used in conjunction with cookies, could be used to build extensive dossiers of individual web users, even including their names, addresses, and telephone numbers in some cases.
  • Robot Wisdom WebLog Aug-Sept98waxing 16 September 2009 0:35 UTC www.robotwisdom.com [Source type: General]

^ There has also been intense speculation regarding the relationship between shame and disproportionately high levels of low self-esteem, depression, and even suicide among homosexuals.
  • Essays and Papers on HOMOSEXUALITY Research Papers, Essays, and Term Papers 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.research-assistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ More recently members of the APA have based some pretty outlandish theories on interviewing a very small (7 people) and non-random sample, and tried to apply said theory to millions of people.
  • Ten Most Common Lies (or being kind, misconceptions) About Transsexuality 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC ts-si.org [Source type: Original source]

.While some cases of individuals partaking in these sessions seem to show success, the long term repercussions (if any) of some of these individuals being 'cured' have not yet been observed, due to an indefinite amount of time before negative reactions could possibly occur.^ Some of these individuals are, of course, successful, but in a certain number of cases they finally reach the point, somewhere in their middle twenties, where they conclude that it is too costly to attempt to avoid the homosexual, and consciously, deliberately and sometimes publicly decide to renew such activities.
  • Kinsey Report on male sex behavior, Ch. 21 Homosexual Outlet 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.well.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While he makes an excellent case for same-sex "unions," occurring throughout church history, he does not provide a compelling case that these unions were necessarily "sexual" unions.
  • Gay Bibliography 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.jeramyt.org [Source type: Academic]

^ In more recent times the term homosexual orientation is being used to refer to a condition of self-identity which arises from genetic, biological or psychosocial causes and appears in an individual usually apart from that individual' 5 intention or personal choice.
  • Final Report of Listening Committee for Homosexual Concerns 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.ambs.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Transgender issues are both new in the scientific field and affect relatively few people, so understandably many mental healthcare providers know little about transgender issues.^ About 56 transgender people ...
  • Queer Eugene Trans Resources 16 September 2009 10:50 UTC www.queereugene.com [Source type: Academic]

^ I understand transgender, I am not blaming these people.

^ Mara Keisling, Executive Director of the NCTE, called the new AMA policies "a great step in moving the American healthcare system in a dir ection of more fairness for transgender people."
  • A Transgender Resource Page 16 September 2009 10:50 UTC epud.net [Source type: Academic]
  • Queer Eugene Trans Resources 16 September 2009 10:50 UTC www.queereugene.com [Source type: Academic]

.People seeking help from these professionals often end up educating the professional rather than receiving help.^ Seeking professional help.
  • Homosexuality and The Church of Jesus Christ 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.fairlds.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After all, we share 99%+ genes with our close relatives, so it may be better that 1 person in that family have 5 children rather than 5 people have 1 child each.

^ Some transsexual people may also prefer transgender over transsexual , because this minority sees the issue to be about gender rather than sexuality .

[59] .Among those therapists who profess to know about transgender issues, many believe that transitioning from one sex to another – the standard transsexual model – is the best or only solution.^ I know sex changes are very emotional, and respect those who get them.

^ The creator is the only one who truly knows a person's heart.

^ This is not an issue that's really relevant to transgender/transsexuality.
  • Transsexuality, is it real? - Topic Powered by Eve Community 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC episteme.arstechnica.com [Source type: General]

.This usually works well for those who are transsexual, but is not the solution for other transgender people, particularly genderqueer people who do not identify as exclusively male or female.^ Constructing a scrotum in female-to-male transsexuals.
  • TransMann - Zeitschriften 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.transmann.de [Source type: Academic]

^ Many genderqueer people identify as transsexual.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Information on female-to-male transsexualism in other cultures is not available.
  • Transsexualism, introduction & general aspects oftreatment 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.xs4all.nl [Source type: Academic]

Physical healthcare

.Medical and surgical procedures exist for transsexual and some transgender people.^ Not all transgender people are transsexual.
  • You learn something new every day. - Feministing 16 October 2009 11:15 UTC feministing.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What are the experiences of transsexual and transgender people?
  • Transsexual and Transgender Issues 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.aphroweb.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The project Remembering Our Dead , founded by Gwendolyn Ann Smith, archives numerous cases of transsexual and transgender people being murdered.
  • Transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Transsexualism 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.hollywoodlawn.com [Source type: General]

.(Most categories of transgender people as described above are not known for seeking the following treatments.^ Isn't that what most transgendered people want?
  • Letterman on Obama's Trans Appointee | Slog | The Stranger, Seattle's Only Newspaper 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC slog.thestranger.com [Source type: General]

^ If you point to various transgender people who do not seek transition, crossdressers simply are not transsexual.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This made Oregon the third state to extend employment protection to transgendered people, following Minnesota and Nebraska.
  • 20th Century Transgender History 19 September 2009 23:16 UTC jenellerose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

) .Hormone replacement therapy for trans men induces beard growth and masculinises skin, hair, voice and fat distribution.^ Alan Hart who had transitioned in 1917 is likely to have prescribed masculinizing hormones for himself, as he was described as having a beard and an “unusual voice.” Dr. Ewan Forbes-Semphill was another that was known to have prescribed male hormones for himself.
  • 20th Century Transgender History 19 September 2009 23:16 UTC jenellerose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sex reassignment therapy can consist of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) to modify secondary sex characteristics , sex reassignment surgery to alter primary sex characteristics, and permanent hair removal for trans women .
  • Transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Almost all trans men and most trans women can pass as cis men or cis women, respectively, after some time on hormones, and either top jobs or hair removal, respectively.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

.Hormone replacement therapy for trans women feminises fat distribution and breasts.^ Some Hijra today are fortunate to have access to female hormones, and can feminize their bodies by growing breasts and developing natural female body contours.
  • Information on Transgenderism, Transsexualism and Intersexualism, by Lynn Conway [ Part II ] 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC ai.eecs.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gender reassignment surgeries and hormonal therapy are not available in Azerbaijan which considerably limits transgender women’s access to employment.
  • Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Organization in Kyrgyzstan 14 January 2010 9:41 UTC kyrgyzlabrys.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Almost all trans men and most trans women can pass as cis men or cis women, respectively, after some time on hormones, and either top jobs or hair removal, respectively.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

.Laser hair removal or electrolysis removes excess hair for trans women.^ I have spent thousands of dollars on electrolysis, and laser hair removal treatments.
  • Ten Most Common Lies (or being kind, misconceptions) About Transsexuality 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC ts-si.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Electrolysis is also begun to remove facial hair and conspicuous body hair.
  • Information on Transgenderism, Transsexualism and Intersexualism, by Lynn Conway [ Part II ] 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC ai.eecs.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Almost all trans men and most trans women can pass as cis men or cis women, respectively, after some time on hormones, and either top jobs or hair removal, respectively.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

.Surgical procedures for trans women feminise the voice, skin, face, adam's apple, breasts, waist, buttocks and genitals.^ My breasts went from flat to nearly a "C" cup in 2 years, my skin softened, and as my thinking and feelings and emotions became feminized, I found that I felt a conscious and sub-conscious connection to women on a very deep level.
  • While we're at it...... Transsexualism [Archive] - The Wench.Org Forums 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.wench.org [Source type: Original source]

^ However, an 18 month requirement for trans women to have breast augmentation is typically to allow enough time for breast development due to hormones.
  • Transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A number of other procedures have been tried, to modify (feminise) the voice of a transsexual subject, with very mixed results.

.Surgical procedures for trans men masculinise the chest and genitals and remove the womb and ovaries and fallopian tubes.^ Anyway, before transition, trans women have been pressured towards "masculine" behaviors, and trans men towards "feminine" behaviors.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Other old testament laws detail the status of “eunuchs”, males whose genitals have been surgically removed.
  • 20th Century Transgender History 19 September 2009 23:16 UTC jenellerose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Almost all trans men and most trans women can pass as cis men or cis women, respectively, after some time on hormones, and either top jobs or hair removal, respectively.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

.The acronyms "GRS" and "SRS" refer to genital surgery.^ When genital surgery is undertaken it is commonly referred to as sex reassignment surgery or genital reconstructive surgery or even gender reassignment surgery by some health care providers and community members.
  • Transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Transsexualism 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.hollywoodlawn.com [Source type: General]

.The term "sex reassignment therapy" (SRT) is used as an umbrella term for physical procedures required for transition.^ Main article: Sex reassignment therapy .
  • Transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sex reassignment therapy (SRT) is an umbrella term for all medical procedures regarding sex reassignment of both transgender and intersexual people.
  • Transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sex reassignment therapy .
  • Transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Use of the term "sex change" has been debated.^ Cauldwell appears to be the first to use the term in direct reference to those who desired a change of physiological sex.
  • Transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Transsexualism 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.hollywoodlawn.com [Source type: General]

^ The use of Scripture within the Christian ethical debate concerning same-sex oriented persons.
  • Gay Bibliography 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.jeramyt.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The two terms of sex and gender have become popularly used as one concept, which blurs distinction, but they have different meanings.
  • Transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Transsexualism 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.hollywoodlawn.com [Source type: General]

[67] .Availability of these procedures depends on degree of gender dysphoria, presence or absence of gender identity disorder,[68] and standards of care in the relevant jurisdiction.^ In: Sexual and gender identity disorders.
  • NEJM -- Homosexuality 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC content.nejm.org [Source type: Academic]

^ To obtain sex reassignment therapy, transsexual people are usually required to receive psychological therapy and a diagnosis of gender identity disorder in accordance with the Standards of Care (SOC) as issued by the World Professional Association for Transgender Health (formerly and until 2006 the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association).
  • Transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Transsexualism 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.hollywoodlawn.com [Source type: General]

^ These cases are often cited as reasons for the lengthy triadic process outlined in the Standards of Care , which specifies a treatment process combining psychological, hormonal, and surgical care.
  • Transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Transgender people and the law

Dr. Camille Cabral, a transgender activist at a demonstration for transgender people in Paris, October 1, 2005
.Legal procedures exist in some jurisdictions allowing an individual to change their legal gender, or their name, to reflect their gender identity.^ Many Western societies have procedures whereby an individual can change their name , and sometimes, their legal gender, to reflect their gender identity (see Legal aspects of transsexualism ).
  • Transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Transsexualism 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.hollywoodlawn.com [Source type: General]

^ Marvin Richardson, an organic strawberry farmer in Idaho who is challenging Senator Larry Craig for his Senate seat, had his name legally changed to Pro-Life .
  • Homosexuality (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ A “body map” of some kind could exist hypothetically, but subconscious and pre-existing identification with whatever historically produced gender category can’t.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

.Requirements for these procedures vary from an explicit formal diagnosis of transsexualism, to a diagnosis of gender identity disorder, to a letter from a physician attesting to the individual's gender transition, or the fact that one has established a different gender role.^ These are all assumed and established facts.
  • TRANSSEXUALISM---books reviewed by James Park 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.tc.umn.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Quote: What is the difference between gender roles and gender identity.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These, incidentally, are still gender roles.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

[69] .In 1994, the DSM IV entry was changed from "Transsexual" to "Gender Identity Disorder."^ Rekers GA. Gender identity disorder.
  • Transgender-Transsexual-Transvestite: Bibliography and Abstracts 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.ucalgary.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ In: Sexual and gender identity disorders.
  • NEJM -- Homosexuality 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC content.nejm.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Adult gender identity disorder can remit .
  • Transgender-Transsexual-Transvestite: Bibliography and Abstracts 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.ucalgary.ca [Source type: Academic]

.In many places, transgendered people are not legally protected from discrimination (such as occupational) based on their condition.^ And 125 Fortune 500 companies now protect transgender employees from job discrimination, up from three in 2000.
  • Transsexual 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.menstuff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Discrimination may not be the worst worry for transgender people: they are also at high risk of violence and hate crimes.
  • Transsexual 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.menstuff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The professional discrimination theory does not have any explanatory power for the presence of male-to-female transgendered people, but the gay oppression does.
  • 20th Century Transgender History 19 September 2009 23:16 UTC jenellerose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[70]
.In Canada, a private members bill protecting the rights of freedom of gender expression and gender identity is anticipated in Spring 2010. This will amend the Canada Human Rights code to help protect gender-variant people from discrimination by including gender identity and expression in the list of prohibited grounds for discrimation, as well as including gender identity and expression in the description of identifiable group, so that offences deliberately against gender-variant people can be punished to a similar extent as a racial-based crime.^ It is her right to be included on a Medicare card which lists every member of her family.
  • Same-Sex: Same Entitlements: Chapter 5 19 September 2009 1:21 UTC hreoc.gov.au [Source type: Original source]

^ They are discriminated basing on their gender, but in addition to that, they are also discriminated basing on their alternative sexuality and alternative gender identity.
  • Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Organization in Kyrgyzstan 14 January 2010 9:41 UTC kyrgyzlabrys.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures .
  • Homosexuality - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[71]

Transgender people and religion

.The world's religions display great diversity and their interpretations of and reactions to transgender people demonstrate equal diversity.^ Transgender people; you are great.

^ With the mix of jazz, country, pop, and world music it’s a veritable melting pot of styles, but judging from the people surrounding me at the campground, the crowd is not nearly as diverse as the music.

^ This class will explore the people and the issues they faced as the transgender community formed and helped create today’s celebration of diversity.
  • 20th Century Transgender History 19 September 2009 23:16 UTC jenellerose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Even within one specific religion, Christianity, different groups have very different interpretations of gender identity and socio-cultural gender roles as well as very different attitudes toward and reactions to transgender people (see the main article on this topic).^ Quote: What is the difference between gender roles and gender identity.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Quote: Quote: Gender is at least two different things: gender identity and gender roles.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ What is the difference between gender roles and gender identity.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

.More generally the scriptures of Abrahamic religions include both texts[72] sometimes interpreted as condemning transgender persons as well as texts[73][74][75][76] sometimes interpreted as challenging conservative views of gender and of the possibilities open to transgender people as well as offering encouragement, support and hope to people who are trangendered.^ I know people who are both.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Obama supporter: ‘God delivered me from homosexuality’ « - Blogs from CNN.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Am seeing more and more people who are fine to be sortof both !

^ People who have done well in a credentialist, elitist system will of course support it.
  • Final thoughts on yet another Bilerico thread about transgender « Aria Blue 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC ariablue.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Transgender people and science

.Some recent findings have provided clues and possibly answers as to how or why some or most cases of transsexuality occur.^ How do I find answers to my questions?

^ How frequently does transsexualism occur?
  • Information on Transgenderism, Transsexualism and Intersexualism, by Lynn Conway [ Part II ] 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC ai.eecs.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While he makes an excellent case for same-sex "unions," occurring throughout church history, he does not provide a compelling case that these unions were necessarily "sexual" unions.
  • Gay Bibliography 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.jeramyt.org [Source type: Academic]

.In 1997, J.N. Zhou, M.A. Hofman, L.J. Gooren and D.F. Swaab conducted tests on the brains of transgender individuals.^ A Sex Difference in the Human Brain and its Relation to Transsexuality By J.-N. Zhou, M.A. Hofman, L.J. Gooren and D.F. Swaab .
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Zhou Jiang Ning, Hofman Michel, Gooren Louis & Swaab Dick .
  • bibliographie troubles de l'identité sexuelle bibliography sex gender identity troubles 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC pierrehenri.castel.free.fr [Source type: Academic]

^ Zhou JN Hofman MA Gooren LJ Swaab DF .
  • TransMann - Zeitschriften 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.transmann.de [Source type: Academic]

.Their tests showed that the volume of the central subdivision of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BSTc), a brain area that is essential for sexual behaviour, is larger in men than in women.^ Here we show that the volume of the central subdivision of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BSTc), a brain area that is essential for sexual behaviour [3,4], is larger in men than in women.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A crucial question resulting from a previous brain study in male-to-female transsexuals was whether the reported difference according to gender identity in the central part of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BSTc) was based on a neuronal difference in the BSTc itself or just a reflection of a difference in vasoactive intestinal polypeptide innervation from the amygdala, which was used as a marker.
  • Information on Transgenderism, Transsexualism and Intersexualism, by Lynn Conway [ Part II ] 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC ai.eecs.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Recent physiological research has discovered that a tiny node on the hypothalamus, a part of the brain known to be involved in regulating sexual activity, is nearly three times larger in heterosexual males than in homosexual men.
  • Final Report of Listening Committee for Homosexual Concerns 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC www.ambs.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A female-sized BSTc was found in male-to-female transsexuals.^ Constructing a scrotum in female-to-male transsexuals.
  • TransMann - Zeitschriften 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.transmann.de [Source type: Academic]

^ In contrast, the neuron number of a female-to-male transsexual was found to be in the male range.
  • Information on Transgenderism, Transsexualism and Intersexualism, by Lynn Conway [ Part II ] 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC ai.eecs.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Male and female transsexuals: a comparison.
  • Transgender-Transsexual-Transvestite: Bibliography and Abstracts 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.ucalgary.ca [Source type: Academic]

.The size of the BSTc was not influenced by sex hormones in adulthood and was independent of sexual orientation.^ The size of the BSTc was not influenced by sex hormones in adulthood and was independent of sexual orientation.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Sex, sexual orientation, and cognition, Sexual Orientation : Toward Biological Understanding (eds: Lee Ellis and Linda Ebertz),181-197.
  • Stalking the Wild Taboo - Homosexuality 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.lrainc.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Every member of society, regardless of race, national origin, religious belief, sex, sexual orientation, or sexual status (transsexual, hermaphrodite, etc.
  • TransGenderCare.com : Guidance/Transition : Legal Aspects ofTranssexualism 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.transgendercare.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Transgender Support Site Home Page 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC heartcorps.com [Source type: Original source]

.Their study was the first to show a female brain structure in genetically male transsexuals and supports the hypothesis that gender identity develops as a result of an interaction between the developing brain and sex hormones.^ My body is distinctly female, but my gender identity is between “manâ€?
  • You learn something new every day. - Feministing 16 October 2009 11:15 UTC feministing.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What is the difference between gender roles and gender identity.
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Homosexual and bisexual identity in sex-reassigned female-to-male transsexuals .
  • TransMann - Zeitschriften 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.transmann.de [Source type: Academic]

[77] .Perhaps confirming why this brain difference occurs, in 2008 at Prince Henry's Institute of Medical Research in Melbourne, biological studies were performed to attempt to find a link between genes and transsexuality.^ Why should it be any different with transsexualism?
  • Information on Transgenderism, Transsexualism and Intersexualism, by Lynn Conway [ Part II ] 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC ai.eecs.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Why is it different for sexed brains?
  • The Stonewall/Bindel affair, and the politics of transsexuality | libcom.org 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC libcom.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Back to top METHOD Research Design Data were gathered through in-depth interviews and observation between September 1988 and September 1992 as part of a sociological filed study for a book on female-to-male transsexuals.
  • (Aaron H. Devor's Homepage) 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC web.uvic.ca [Source type: Academic]

.Their study shows male to female transsexuals are more likely than non-transsexual males to have a longer version of a receptor gene for the sex hormone androgen or testosterone.^ Transsexuals”) 3)Are “DES Transsexuals” more sensitive to the influence to estrogens than DES non-transsexuals?
  • Ten Most Common Lies (or being kind, misconceptions) About Transsexuality 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC ts-si.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Homosexual and bisexual identity in sex-reassigned female-to-male transsexuals .
  • TransMann - Zeitschriften 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.transmann.de [Source type: Academic]
  • Transgender-Transsexual-Transvestite: Bibliography and Abstracts 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.ucalgary.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ Constructing a scrotum in female-to-male transsexuals.
  • TransMann - Zeitschriften 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.transmann.de [Source type: Academic]

.The research suggests reduced androgen and androgen signaling contributes to the female gender identity of male to female transsexuals.^ Homosexual and bisexual identity in sex-reassigned female-to-male transsexuals .
  • TransMann - Zeitschriften 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.transmann.de [Source type: Academic]
  • Transgender-Transsexual-Transvestite: Bibliography and Abstracts 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.ucalgary.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ Constructing a scrotum in female-to-male transsexuals.
  • TransMann - Zeitschriften 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.transmann.de [Source type: Academic]

^ Transformations: emerging female to male transsexual identities.
  • Transgender-Transsexual-Transvestite: Bibliography and Abstracts 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.ucalgary.ca [Source type: Academic]

.They say that it is possible that a decrease in testosterone levels in the brain during development might result in incomplete masculinization of the brain in male to female transsexuals, resulting in a more feminized brain and a female gender identity.^ During development these shift male brain development in the female direction.
  • Stalking the Wild Taboo - Homosexuality 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.lrainc.com [Source type: Academic]

^ They found homosexuals to be more masculine than heterosexual males.
  • Stalking the Wild Taboo - Homosexuality 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.lrainc.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Gender identity develops as the result of "imprinting" and "conditioning" processes.
  • Transsexualism, introduction & general aspects oftreatment 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.xs4all.nl [Source type: Academic]

[78]

Autogynephilia

.The controversial[79] Blanchard, Bailey, and Lawrence theory characterizes trans women as having one or another sexual motivations for transition.^ The entire process of change from one gender presentation to another is known as transition .
  • Transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Transsexualism 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.hollywoodlawn.com [Source type: General]

^ But we can still ask to what degree (or in which cases) were these women motivated by their sexual yearnings?
  • TRANSSEXUALISM---books reviewed by James Park 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.tc.umn.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Sexual abuse experiences were also reported by 31% (14) of the participants in this study, including one person who reported having been date-raped as a teenager.
  • (Aaron H. Devor's Homepage) 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC web.uvic.ca [Source type: Academic]

[80][81][82] .For example, Anne Lawrence, an openly autogynephilic transsexual [13], has hypothesized that the desire by persons with autogynephilia, including some cross dressers and some transsexuals, to alter their body can be compared with apotemnophilia (alternately body integrity identity disorder if framed as an identity issue rather than a fetish).^ Some transsexual people have pressured the American Psychiatric Association to remove Gender Identity Disorder from the DSM. Many of these people feel that at least some mental health professionals are being insensitive by labeling transsexualism as "a disease", rather than as an inborn trait.

^ Transsexualism is often included within the broader term transgender , which is generally considered an umbrella term for people who do not conform to typical accepted gender roles , for example cross-dressers , drag queens , and people who identify as genderqueer .

^ The experiences of transsexuals, transgenderists, cross-dressers and intersexuals have interwoven as definitions of sex, gender, perversion and disorder evolved from Victorian to Post-Modern.
  • 20th Century Transgender History 19 September 2009 23:16 UTC jenellerose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[83] .Characterizations related to libido like these have been criticized by many in the medical and transgender communities alike as being potentially unscientific[84] and transphobic.^ I find the continued demands of transgender supporters that my medical condition be perforce included in their politics to be inappropriate and damaging to me and others like me.
  • Final thoughts on yet another Bilerico thread about transgender « Aria Blue 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC ariablue.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The were many families with an absent or emotionally distant father, the vast majority of single mothers, whose sons did not show signs of being transgendered.
  • 20th Century Transgender History 19 September 2009 23:16 UTC jenellerose.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Many in the scientific community have criticized the APAs decision to remove homosexuality from the DSM IV, claiming its motives were more political than scientific.

[85]

Transgender people in non-Western cultures

Nong Tum, a Kathoey internationally recognized for her portrayal in the film Beautiful Boxer.

Asia

.In Thailand and Laos,[86] the term kathoey is used to refer to male-to-female transgender people[87] and effeminate gay men.^ It offers the experiences of female to male transgendered.
  • BGSU :: Office of Multicultural Affairs :: LGBT Resource Center 18 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.bgsu.edu [Source type: News]

^ Some people are physiologically intergendered and some people have bodies that are stereotypically male or female and yet have genetic makeups that don't match: XXY men, androgen insensitives, women with single X chromosomes, etc.
  • Letterman on Obama's Trans Appointee | Slog | The Stranger, Seattle's Only Newspaper 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC slog.thestranger.com [Source type: General]

^ Also, while the gay male culture may be fairly well defined, the transgender group in itself encompasses a range of identities and group behavior, from transvestite to gender transformation.

[88] .The cultures of the Indian subcontinent include a third gender, referred to as hijra[89] in Hindi.^ While Kathoey may encompass simple effeminacy or transvestism , it most commonly is treated in Thai culture as a third gender .
  • Homosexuality - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gay bashing Heterosexism Homophobia Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures Sodomy law [ edit ] References .
  • Homosexuality - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Third sex, third gender : beyond sexual dimorphism in culture and history   471 .
  • Guide to Gay and Lesbian Resources: Index T 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.lib.uchicago.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Transgender people also have been documented in Iran,[90] Japan,[91] Nepal,[92] Indonesia,[93] Vietnam,[94] South Korea,[95] Singapore,[96] and the greater Chinese region, including Hong Kong,[97][98] Taiwan,[99] and the People's Republic of China.^ (China / Hong Kong, 1993) Directed by Chen Kaige.
  • Gay & Lesbian Studies: Motion Picture Videos in the Media Resources Center, UC Berkeley 9 February 2010 14:45 UTC www.lib.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ In Healthy People 2010: Companion Document for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Health.

^ We further informed the Committee Members that there was also no state mechanism that would allow transgender people to change their documents in accordance with their gender identity.
  • Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Organization in Kyrgyzstan 14 January 2010 9:41 UTC kyrgyzlabrys.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[100][101][102]

North America

.In what is now the United States and Canada, many Native American and Canadian First Nations peoples recognised[103] the existence of more than two genders, such as the Zuñi male-bodied Ła'mana,[104] the Lakota male-bodied winkte[105] and the Mohave male-bodied alyhaa and female-bodied hwamee.^ There are more than two ways to be."

^ More than two people can have a parenting order.
  • Same-Sex: Same Entitlements: Chapter 5 19 September 2009 1:21 UTC hreoc.gov.au [Source type: Original source]

^ I am more than male and more than female.
  • Transsexual and Transgender Issues 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.aphroweb.net [Source type: Original source]

[106] .Such people were previously[107] referred to as berdache but are now referred to as Two-Spirit,[108] and their spouses would not necessarily have been regarded as gender-different.^ There are other cultures, however, that have not only held a place for transsexuals but even culturally sanction them, such as the so-called two-spirit people in some native American tribes.

^ This practical denial of gender identity becomes problematic for egalitarianism in regard to any morality that rests upon distinctions in gender, such as homosexuality.
  • CBMW » Egalitarianism and Homosexuality 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.cbmw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Male two-spirit people were prized as wives because of their greater strength and ability to work [ citation needed ] .
  • Homosexuality - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[106] .In Mexico, the Zapotec culture includes a third gender in the form of the Muxe.^ While Kathoey may encompass simple effeminacy or transvestism , it most commonly is treated in Thai culture as a third gender .
  • Homosexuality - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 14 January 2010 10:22 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Third sex, third gender : beyond sexual dimorphism in culture and history   471 .
  • Guide to Gay and Lesbian Resources: Index T 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.lib.uchicago.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The hijras of India: cultural and individual dimensions of an institutionalized third gender role .
  • Transgender-Transsexual-Transvestite: Bibliography and Abstracts 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.ucalgary.ca [Source type: Academic]

[109]

Other

.In early Medina, gender-variant[110] male-to-female Islamic people were acknowledged[111] in the form of the Mukhannathun.^ It’s a problem if you’re changing gender – especially if you’re changing from male to female.

^ Some fall off that specious male-female spectrum entirely; becoming totally new genders we haven't yet named...
  • Transsexual and Transgender Issues 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.aphroweb.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Difficult to define precisely, the concept of bisexuality nevertheless exerts a fascination for what it reveals about society's changing attitudes about sex, gender, and male-female relationships.
  • Essays and Papers on HOMOSEXUALITY Research Papers, Essays, and Term Papers 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.research-assistance.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In Ancient Rome, the Gallae were castrated[112] followers of the Phrygian goddess Cybele and can be regarded as transgender in today's terms.^ He wore a jet necklace, a jet bracelet, a shale armlet and a bronze expanding anklet - - - In life he would have been regarded as a transvestite and was probably a gallus, one of the followers of the goddess Cybele who castrated themselves in her honour."
  • Information on Transgenderism, Transsexualism and Intersexualism, by Lynn Conway [ Part II ] 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC ai.eecs.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sex reassignment therapy (SRT) is an umbrella term for all medical procedures regarding sex reassignment of both transgender and intersexual people.
  • Transsexualism - Susan's Place Transgender Wiki 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC wiki.susans.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Scientifically, the term "transgender" is far too broad and vague because it lumps all variations of sex and gender together , without regard to the causes or reasons behind each variation.
  • TRANSSEXUALISM---books reviewed by James Park 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.tc.umn.edu [Source type: Original source]

[113][114]
.Among the ancient Middle Eastern Akkadian people, a salzikrum was a person who appeared biologically female but had distinct male traits.^ Originally posted by .milFox: quote: Do you consider it deception if a person who is biologically male but psychologically female tries to seduce other (typical heterosexual) men without telling them?
  • Transsexuality, is it real? - Topic Powered by Eve Community 17 September 2009 2:38 UTC episteme.arstechnica.com [Source type: General]

^ There are also Female to Male transsexuals, I know a few, and they're also absolutely wonderful people.
  • While we're at it...... Transsexualism [Archive] - The Wench.Org Forums 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC www.wench.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We discover to our amazement that at least one out of every 2500 persons born male in the U. S. has ALREADY undergone SRS to become female!
  • Information on Transgenderism, Transsexualism and Intersexualism, by Lynn Conway [ Part II ] 16 January 2010 15:48 UTC ai.eecs.umich.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Salzikrum is a compound word meaning male daughter. According to the Code of Hammurabi, salzikrūm had inheritance rights like that of priestesses; they inherited from their fathers, unlike regular daughters.^ They like she-males.
  • Transsexual 11 January 2010 7:40 UTC www.menstuff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ How would you disable an aggressive person in your face acting like they were going hit you, knowing you were gay and unlikely to strike back at them?

^ They were 4.5 times as likely as exclusively heterosexual controls to have had more than 50 lifetime male sex partners.

.A salzikrum's father could also stipulate that she inherit a certain amount.^ In each case(and in other examples that could be given) the feelings or other characteristics that increase susceptibility to certain behavior may have some relationship to its inheritance.
  • Homosexuality and The Church of Jesus Christ 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.fairlds.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If the child has an absent or an emotionally distant mother or father, he or she will feel a certain amount of vulnerability - a vague longing for closeness and protection that the parent has not been able to fulfill.

^ Since there may be a certain irreducible number of errors in the sexual attraction process, a certain amount of asexuality could easily be explained.
  • Stalking the Wild Taboo - Homosexuality 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.lrainc.com [Source type: Academic]

[115]
Mahu is a traditional status in Polynesian cultures.

See also

References

  1. ^ Author unknown, (2004) "...Transgender, adj. Of, relating to, or designating a person whose identity does not conform unambiguously to conventional notions of male or female gender, but combines or moves between these..." Definition of transgender from the Oxford English Dictionary, draft version March 2004. Retrieved on 2007-04-07.
  2. ^ "USI LGBT Campaign - Transgender Campaign". Retrieved 2007-03-06.
  3. ^ Stroud District Council "Gender Equality SCHEME AND ACTION PLAN 2007"
  4. ^ "Layton, Lynne. In Defense of Gender Ambiguity: Jessica Benjamin. Gender & Psychoanalysis. I, 1996. Pp. 27–43". Retrieved 2007-03-06
  5. ^ Kotula, D (2002), "...The term transgender was popularized...in the 1970s..." in A Conversation with Dr. Milton Diamond from "in the Realm of the "Phallus Palace": the female to male transsexual". Pages 35–56, Alyson Books, Los Angeles. Retrieved on 2007-04-10.
  6. ^ Ekins, R., King, D. (2004) "... As far as we can see, Virginia first used the term 'transgenderal' in print in 1969..." Rethinking 'Who put the "Trans" in Transgender?' GENDYS 2004, The Eighth International Gender Dysphoria Conference, Manchester England. Retrieved on 2007-04-10.
  7. ^ Prince, V. (1969), Men Who Choose to be Women, Sexology, February, pp. 441–444. Use of the term "transgenderal".
  8. ^ Stryker, S. (2004), "... lived full-time in a social role not typically associated with their natal sex, but who did not resort to genital surgery as a means of supporting their gender presentation ..." in Transgender from the GLBTQ: an encyclopedia of gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender and queer culture. Retrieved on 2007-04-10.
  9. ^ Ekins R., King D. (1997), "... When one of us (Ekins) founded the Transgender Archive in 1986, that title was chosen to reflect the wide base of the archive and that it was not confined to material relating to medical conditions ..." in Blending Genders: Contributions to the Emerging Field of Transgender Studies from the International Journal of Transgenderism 1,1. Retrieved on 2007-04-10.
  10. ^ Ekins, R., King, D. (2004), "... The mid-1980s, in the United Kingdom, for instance, saw the establishing of groups that welcomed both transvestites and transsexuals and their partners ... Rather than advocate one particular view on transgender, the aim was to embrace all views in a spirit of acceptance and mutual support ..." Rethinking 'Who put the "Trans" in Transgender?' GENDYS 2004, The Eighth International Gender Dysphoria Conference, Manchester England. Retrieved on 2007-04-10.
  11. ^ Feinberg, L. (1992) Transgender Liberation: A Movement Whose Time Has Come, published by World View Forum, New York, ISBN 0-89567-105-0, ISBN 978-0-89567-105-9.
  12. ^ Feinberg, L. (1997) Transgender Warriors : Making History from Joan of Arc to Dennis Rodman, published by Beacon Press ISBN 0-8070-7941-3, ISBN 0-8070-7941-3.
  13. ^ Boswell, H. (1991) "... The transgenderist, whether crossing over part-time or full even while masking their genital incongruity gives honest expression to a reality that defies cultural norms ..." The Transgender Alternative, Chrysalis Quarterly, 1 (2): 29-31.
  14. ^ NCTE, (2003) Mission Statement "... The National Center for Transgender Equality is a national social justice organization devoted to ending discrimination and violence against transgender people through education and advocacy on national issues of importance to transgender people. By empowering transgender people and our allies to educate and influence policymakers and others, NCTE facilitates a strong and clear voice for transgender equality in our nation's capital and around the country ..." National Center for Transgender Equality. Retrieved on 2007-04-10.
  15. ^ PFC, (1995) Mission Statement 1995 "... Press for Change is a political lobbying and educational organisation, which campaigns to achieve equal civil rights and liberties for all transsexual and transgender people in the U.K. through legislation and social change ..." Press For Change. Retrieved on 2007-04-10.
  16. ^ Valentine, D. (2000) 'I know what I am': The Category 'Transgender' in the Construction of Contemporary U. S. American Conceptions of Gender and Sexuality." Ph. D. Dissertation, Anthropology Department, New York University, 2000.
  17. ^ a b c d Benjamin, H. (1966). The transsexual phenomenon. New York: Julian Press, page 23.
  18. ^ Gaughan, Sharon (19 August 2006). "What About Non-op Transsexuals? A No-op Notion". TS-SI. http://ts-si.org/content/view/1409/995/. Retrieved September 30, 2008. 
  19. ^ [|Conway, Lynn] (2003), The Strange Saga of Gregory Hemingway, http://ai.eecs.umich.edu/people/conway/TS/GregoryHemingway.html 
  20. ^ [|Schoenberg, Nara] (November 19, 2001), "The Son Also Falls From elephant hunter to bejeweled exhibitionist, the tortured life of Gregory Hemingway.", CHICAGO TRIBUNE, http://web.archive.org/web/20011120185300/http://www.newsday.com/features/printedition/ny-p2cover2470306nov19.story?coll=ny-features-print 
  21. ^ Miriam Rivera. (2004). Excerpt of "There's Something About Miriam". Miriam, a known non-op transsexual, talks about how she sees her self, her history, and transsexuality. Compare to Gregory Hemingway, then tell me Hemingway is the real post-op woman.Clip on youtube. [Television Via Youtube]. Filmed in Ibiza, Spain Produced in England.: Edemol & Brighter picture via various Newscorp properties.. 
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  28. ^ Landén, M., Wålinder, J., Lundstrom, B. (1996) "...Results: During the 20-year period of the study, 233 requests for sex reassignment were processed, and the incidence data were calculated on the basis of this group. This means that the average annual frequency was 11.6 cases. The number of inhabitants in Sweden over 15 years of age increased during the study period from 6.5 million to 7.1 million, i.e. there was a mean population of 6.8 million (12), which gives an annual incidence of request for sex reassignment of 0.17 per 100 000 inhabitants. The sex ratio (male:female) is 1.4 :1. To resolve the question of whether transsexualism increases or decreases, we divided the group into two 10-year periods. As can be seen from Table 1, not only do our results agree with the Swedish incidence data published in the 1970s, but also they remain remarkably stable over time. Separating from all applications the group with primary transsexualism yielded 188 cases, i.e. 9.4 cases annually. As is shown in Table 2, this corresponds to an incidence of primary transsexualism of 0.14 per 100000 inhabitants over 15 years of age. It should also be noted that primary transsexualism is equally common in women and men..." in Incidence and sex ratio of transsexualism in Sweden from Acta Psychiatrica Scandanavica, Volume 93, pages 261-263. Retrieved on 2007-09-22.
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  33. ^ Author and date unknown. "... For some, maintaining a link to their transness or their otherly-gendered-past is highly significant, while for others, they view themselves as no longer trans, but now fully as a man or woman..." Post transition identification as a man or ftm or other from FORGE (For Ourselves: Reworking Gender Expression), an American education, advocacy and support umbrella organization supporting FTMs and others. Retrieved 2007-04-03.
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  38. ^ various (2006) "trans·ves·tite...(plural trans·ves·tites), noun. Definition: somebody who dresses like opposite sex:" in Definition of the word "transvestite" from the Encarta World English Dictionary (North American Edition). Retrieved on 2007-08-13.
  39. ^ Raj, R (2002) "transvestite (TV): n. Synonym: crossdresser (CD):" in Towards a Transpositive Therapeutic Model: Developing Clinical Sensitivity and Cultural Competence in the Effective Support of Transsexual and Transgendered Clients from the International Journal of Transgenderism 6,2. Retrieved on 2007-08-13.
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  79. ^ Dreger, Alice D (2007-07-03). "The Controversy Surrounding The Man Who Would Be Queen: A Case History of the Politics of Science, Identity, and Sex in the Internet Age" (PDF). Archives of Sexual Behavior, in press: 55,56. http://www.bioethics.northwestern.edu/faculty/work/dreger/controversy_tmwwbq.pdf. Retrieved 2007-08-20. 
  80. ^ Bailey, J. M. (2003). The Man Who Would Be Queen: The Science of Gender-Bending and Transsexualism. Joseph Henry Press, ISBN 0-309-08418-0, ISBN 978-0-309-08418-5
  81. ^ Blanchard, R. (2005) "...Since the beginning of the last century, clinical observers have described the propensity of certain males fo be erotically aroused by the thought or image of themselves as women..." in Early History of the Concept of Autogynephilia from the Archives of Sexual Behavior, Volume 34, Number 4, pages 439-446. Retrieved on 2007-09-22.
  82. ^ Smith, Y.L.S., van Goozen, S.H.M., Kuiper, A.J., Cohen-Kettenis, P.T.. (2005) "...The present study was designed to investigate whether transsexuals can be validly subdivided into subtypes on the basis of sexual orientation..." in Transsexual subtypes: Clinical and theoretical significance from Psychiatry Research, Volume 137, Issue 3, pages 151-160. Retrieved on 2007-09-22.
  83. ^ Lawrence, A. A. (2006). Clinical and theoretical parallels between desire for limb amputation and gender identity disorder. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 25, 263–278.
  84. ^ McCloskey, D. (2003) "...The academics don't like Bailey's use of the mantle of Science to push a conservative, unscientific agenda worthy of National Review, or of The National Enquirer..." in Queer Science: A data-bending psychologist confirms what he already knew about gays and transsexuals from Reason, a libertarian magazine covering politics, culture, and ideas. Retrieved on 2007-09-22.
  85. ^ Marks, J. (2004). "...The specific issue was whether the book (The Man Who Would Be Queen) was transphobic...The judges looked at the book more closely and decided it was..." quoted by Letellier, P (2004) in Group rescinds honor for disputed book from Advocate Online News on Gay.com, retrieved on 2007-09-11.
  86. ^ Doussantousse, S. (2005) "...The Lao Kathoey’s characteristics appear to be similar to other transgenders in the region..." in Male Sexual Health: Kathoeys in the Lao PDR, South East Asia - Exploring a gender minority from the Transgender ASIA Research Centre. Retrieved on 2007-07-22.
  87. ^ Jackson, P. (2003) Performative Genders, Perverse Desires: A Bio-History of Thailand's Same-Sex and Transgender Cultures in Intersections: Gender, History and Culture in the Asian Context, Issue 9, August 2003.
  88. ^ Winter, S. and Udomsak, N. (2002) Male, Female and Transgender : Stereotypes and Self in Thailand in the International Journal of Transgender, Volume 6, Number 1, January - March 2002.
  89. ^ Author unknown, (2003) Human Rights Violations against the Transgender Community: A study of kothi and hijra sex workers in Bangalore, India, full text,summary, by the Peoples’ Union for Civil Liberties, Karnataka (PUCL-K), September 2003. Retrieved on 2007-04-07.
  90. ^ Harrison, F. (2005) "...He shows me the book in Arabic in which, 41 years ago, Ayatollah Khomeini wrote about new medical issues like transsexuality. "I believe he was the first Islamic scientist in the world of Islam who raised the issue of sex change," says Hojatulislam Kariminia. The Ayatollah's ruling that sex-change operations were allowed has been reconfirmed by Iran's current spiritual leader..." in Iran's sex-change operations, from the BBC. Retrieved on 2007-07-22.
  91. ^ Mitsuhashi, J. (2006) "...the male to female cross-dressing (MTFCD) community in Shinjuku, Tokyo, which plays an important role in the overall transgender world and how people in the community think and live..." in The transgender world in contemporary Japan: male to female cross-dressers, translated by Kasumi Hasegawa, from the Journal of Inter-Asia Cultural Studies, Vol. 7, No. 2. Retrieved on 2007-07-22.
  92. ^ Haviland, C. (2005) "...The Gurung people of western Nepal have a tradition of men called maarunis, who dance in female clothes..." in Crossing sexual boundaries in Nepal, from the BBC. Retrieved on 2007-07-22.
  93. ^ Graham, S. (2002) "...Among the Bugis of South Sulawesi, possibly four genders are acknowledged plus a fifth para-gender identity. In addition to male-men (oroane) and female-women (makunrai)..., there are calalai (masculine females), calabai (feminine males), and bissu..." in Priests and gender in South Sulawesi, Indonesia from the Transgender ASIA Research Centre. Retrieved on 2007-07-22.
  94. ^ Walters, I. (2006) "...In Vietnam, male to female (MtF) transgender people are categorised as lai cai, bong cai, bong lai cai, dong co, or be-de..." in Vietnam Some notes by Ian Walters from the Transgender ASIA Research Centre. Retrieved on 2007-07-22.
  95. ^ Shim, S. (2006) "...Rush, catering especially to crossdressers and transgenders, is a cafe owned by a 46-year-old man who goes by the female name Lee Cho-rong. "...Many people in South Korea don't really understand the difference between gay and transgender. I'm not gay. I was born a man but eager to live as a woman and be beautiful," said Lee..." in S. Korea in dilemma over transgender citizens right to choose from the Yonhap News Agency. Retrieved on 2007-07-22.
  96. ^ Heng, R. (2005) "...Even if we take Bugis Street as a starting point, we should remember that cross-dressing did not emerge suddenly out of nowhere. Across Asia, there is a tradition of cross-dressing and other forms of transgender behaviour in many places with a rich local lexicon and rituals associated with them...." in Where queens ruled! - a history of gay venues in Singapore from IndigNation. Retrieved on 2007-07-22.
  97. ^ Emerton, R. (2006) "...Hong Kong's transgender movement at its current stage, with particular reference to the objectives and activities of the Hong Kong Transgender Equality and Acceptance Movement..." in Finding a voice, fighting for rights: the emergence of the transgender movement in Hong Kong, from the Journal of Inter-Asia Cultural Studies, Vol. 7, No. 2. Retrieved on 2007-07-22.
  98. ^ Hung, L. (2007) "...there are many archetypal flamboyant embodiments of female-to-male transgender physicality living and displaying their unrestrained, dashing iconic presence..." in Trans-Boy Fashion, or How to Tailor-Make a King from the Gender Studies programme of The Chinese University of Hong Kong. Retrieved on 2007-07-22.
  99. ^ Ho, J. (2006) "...specificities of Taiwanese transgender existence in relation to body- and subject-formations, in hope to not only shed light on the actualities of trans efforts toward self-fashioning, but also illuminate the increasing entanglement between trans self-construction and the evolving gender culture that saturates it..." in Embodying gender: transgender body/subject formations in Taiwan, from the Journal of Inter-Asia Cultural Studies, Vol. 7, No. 2. Retrieved on 2007-07-22.
  100. ^ Hahn, L. (2005) "...Aware that he often felt more like a woman than a man, Jin Xing underwent a sex change in 1995; a daring move in a conservative Chinese society..." in Jin Xing TalkAsia Interview Transcript - June 13, 2005 from CNN. Retrieved on 2007-07-22.
  101. ^ Wang, Z. and Xie, F. (2006) "...While it is true that not everyone turns into a drag queen when they are feeling stressed out, many young people do seem to be caught up in the fad of androgyny..." in Cross-dressers captivate people across China from China Daily. Retrieved on 2007-07-22.
  102. ^ Goldkorn, J. (2006) "...At one point in 2003, there was so much media coverage of transsexuals in China that Danwei started a special section for it..." in Transsexuals in the Chinese media again from Danwei. Retrieved on 2007-07-22.
  103. ^ Fulton, R. and Anderson, S.W. (1992) The Amerindian "Man-Woman": Gender, Liminality, and Cultural Continuity in Current Anthropology: Vol. 33, No. 5, December 1992 pp. 603–610.
  104. ^ Parsons, E.P. (1916) "...of these 'men-women'..." from Zuñi Ła'mana in the American Anthropologist, New Series, Vol. 18, No. 4. (Oct. - Dec., 1916), pp. 521–528. Retrieved on 2007-05-21.
  105. ^ Schützer, M.A.N. (1994) Winyanktehca: Two-souls person, a paper presented to the European Network of Professionals in Transsexualism, August 1994
  106. ^ a b Parker, H.N. (2001) The myth of the heterosexual: anthropology and sexuality for classicists, from Arethusa 0004-0975, vol 34, p:313, 2001.
  107. ^ Stryker, S. Berdache, from the GLBTQ: an encyclopedia of gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender and queer culture.
  108. ^ Medicine, B. (2002) Directions in Gender Research in American Indian Societies: Two Spirits and Other Categories, taken from Online Readings in Psychology and Culture Center for Cross-Cultural Research, Unit 3, Chapter 2, Western Washington University.
  109. ^ Stephen, L (2002) Sexualities and Genders in Zapotec Oaxaca, Latin American Perspectives, Vol. 29, No. 2, pp. 41–59. Mar., 2002.
  110. ^ Partial Translation of the Sunan Abu-Dawud, Book 41, Number 4910, USC-MSA Compendium of Muslim Texts, University of Southern California, translated by Prof. Ahmad Hasan.
  111. ^ Rowsen, E.K. (1991) "...They played an important role in the development of Arabic music in Umayyad Mecca and, especially, Medina, where they were numbered among the most celebrated singers and instrumentalists..." from The Effeminates of Early Medina in the Journal of the American Oriental Society 111 (1991), pp. 671–93. Retrieved on 2007-04-07.
  112. ^ Tillyard, E.M.W. (1917), A Cybele Altar in London, The Journal of Roman Studies, Vol. 7 (1917), pp. 284–288.
  113. ^ Endres, N. Galli: Ancient Roman Priests from the GLBTQ: an encyclopedia of gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender and queer culture.
  114. ^ Brown, K. 20th Century Transgender History And Experience
  115. ^ Code of Hammurabi § 178 and following, and § 184 and following.

External links

.
  • Transgendered at the Open Directory Project
  • "Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender/Transsexual Individuals" - Chapter on LGBT issues and public health (co-authored with Emilia Lombardi).^ Issues in counseling lesbian, gay, and bisexual adolescents.

    ^ The organization is a public-private partnership in support of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual & Transgender youth.

    ^ A provider’s introduction to substance abuse treatment for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals .

    .Social Injustice and Public Health (eds.^ Social issues as public health: promise and peril.

    Barry Levy and Victor Sidel), Dr. Talia Mae Bettcher, Dr. Emilia Lombardi, Oxford University Press, 2005.

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to LGBT article)

From Wikiquote

.Quotes about lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people.^ Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Health Site offers information and resources about the issue of health in the LGBTA-Q community.
  • BGSU :: Office of Multicultural Affairs :: LGBT Resource Center 18 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.bgsu.edu [Source type: News]

^ The Church feels that reference to "gays" or "lesbians" as such gives support to a false or unproven idea that some people are genetically determined to behave in a homosexual manner.
  • Homosexuality and The Church of Jesus Christ 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.fairlds.org [Source type: Original source]

^ People think being gay is all about having sex, but it is not.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Obama supporter: ‘God delivered me from homosexuality’ « - Blogs from CNN.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

Contents

Sourced

  • With homosexuality added, it would be sparkling, unassimilable. .
  • I realize that gay people have put me on a pedestal, and I love it.^ Come on people is it really that important to you who I love and have been in a fourteen year, very fulfilling, loving relationship.
    • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Obama supporter: ‘God delivered me from homosexuality’ « - Blogs from CNN.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A puppy-love infatuation begins as Eric realizes that if he's falling in love with a male, he must be gay.
    • Gay & Lesbian Studies: Motion Picture Videos in the Media Resources Center, UC Berkeley 9 February 2010 14:45 UTC www.lib.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ The Church feels that reference to "gays" or "lesbians" as such gives support to a false or unproven idea that some people are genetically determined to behave in a homosexual manner.
    • Homosexuality and The Church of Jesus Christ 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.fairlds.org [Source type: Original source]

    Of all the oppressed minorities, they have to be the most oppressed. .
    • disco artist Sylvester, quoted in Saturday Night Forever: The Story of Disco
  • It's only gay if you push back.^ In case you were wondering, I just wanted to confirm what must be lurking in the backs of the minds of our anonymous bible quoting friends.

    ^ Fanny pack…not gay if you only use it to store (not wear) your drugs and condoms for use with females.
    • In Advance Of White Line Fever | Jeff Kay’s West Virginia Surf Report! 16 September 2009 0:35 UTC thewvsr.com [Source type: General]

    ^ October 29th, 2007 2:39 am ET Anderson Cooper, you are the only reporter making a big stink about this very dumb gay issue.
    • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Obama supporter: ‘God delivered me from homosexuality’ « - Blogs from CNN.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

    • James Dixon, The Demon (de Montfort University Students' Union newspaper), circa 2006
  • Sorry. .I'd much rather be gay than sleep with you just to prove I wasn't.^ I just want to fuck you.” is gay.
    • In Advance Of White Line Fever | Jeff Kay’s West Virginia Surf Report! 16 September 2009 0:35 UTC thewvsr.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I'd rather be a bigot than a hypocrite, but that's just me.
    • You learn something new every day. - Feministing 16 October 2009 11:15 UTC feministing.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Should she say that if you don't support gay people, than I don't want your vote?
    • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Obama supporter: ‘God delivered me from homosexuality’ « - Blogs from CNN.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

See also

References

  • Jones, Alan and Kantonen, Jussi (1999), Saturday Night Forever: The Story of Disco, p. 110. Chicago, Illinois: A Cappella Books. ISBN 1556524110.

External links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:
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Look up LGBT in Wiktionary, the free dictionary

Simple English

[[File:|thumb|An activist at a transgender rally in Paris, 2005]] Transgender is a term used to describe people who may act, feel, think, or look different from the gender that they were born with. The word transgender is used to include many groups of people who share one important "trait" (a way of feeling or behaving) but may not be the same in other ways. The common trait for transgender people is that they call themselves "transgender" and feel that their given gender is not quite right. Sometimes the word "transgender" is also used by people who prefer it to the word "transsexual".

The picture in the introduction shows, as an example, a person at a transgender rally in Paris. This person indentifies herself as being of the female gender, but she shows by the sign on her hand that she has XY chromosomes. This means she was born with male sex.

Contents

Definitions

Because the word "transgender" is used to cover a wide variety of people, it is called an "umbrella" word. Many different types of people think of themselves as "transgender". Many different types of people are called "transgender". Different English speakers define words in different ways. For these reasons, the term "trans people" is often used.

Some common definitions of the words used in this article are listed here. These are common ways but not agreed to by everyone:

  • Sex means whether someone was born with a male or female body.
  • Gender means whether a role or way someone acts is masculine or feminine, though it can also mean neither masculine nor feminine.
  • Gender identity is a person's sense in their mind of whether they are a man or a woman or something else.
  • Binary or "Gender Binary" is the common idea that there are only two groups a person can belong in: male or female. The "Gender Binary" idea also means that thoughts and actions can be classified as "male or female". For example, if a male child wants a doll, he might be told that he is "acting like a girl". If a female child climbs a tree, she is called a "Tomboy". Nowadays, in many societies it is considered wrong to force children into traditional gender roles.

These definitions are important to help understand that what people look like outside (sex) is not always the same as how they feel inside (gender.) Some people do not fit well into the gender binary idea. People who are transgender usually want to be called by the pronoun (ze, he or she among others) that matches their gender identity, so this article will do that.

Who is transgender?

There are many groups who are included under the 'umbrella' of transgender. Some of the bigger groups are:

photographed by the artist Man Ray]]
  • Transsexual – Transsexual men and women were born one sex and feel that they actually belong to the other sex. Transsexual people often want to take medicines and/or have surgery to change their body to fit their true sexual identity. For example a person born with a male body who feels inside that she is a woman and has surgery and takes medicines to make her body more female. Some transsexual people do not like this word and just call themselves transgender.
  • Cross-dresser – This is someone who is born one sex but likes to sometimes wear the clothes and act like the other sex. However, this person may not want to live full-time as the opposite sex.
  • Genderqueer – This means someone who uses both male and female roles, look, or actions at the same time. Some genderqueer people reject the whole idea of a gender binary.
  • FTM (acronym)– This means 'female-to-male.' It is someone who was born in a female body but who in some way feels or acts male. An FTM person is also sometimes called a transgender man, a transsexual man, or a trans man.
  • MTF – This means 'male-to-female.' It is someone who was born in a male body but who in some way feels or acts female. An MTF person is also sometimes called a transgender woman, a transsexual woman, or a trans woman.
  • Intersex - is a medical word for people who are born with both some male and some female biological traits. Many people argue that they do not belong under the transgender umbrella.

History

Surgeon James Barry was born a woman but spent his entire adult life as a man.]] 

People like those who, in modern Western societies, are now identified as transgender or transsexual, have existed in many cultures and for thousands of years. However, only in the last century, has science and medicine been able to meet some of the needs for bodily change of trans people who want to change their body.

People who have traits that are different from the gender they are born with, have been accepted in some societies, both historically and now. For example, some Native American tribes accepted two-spirit people[needs proof]. Similarly a Tongan person born with a male body who acts and dresses in a female way is known in the local dialect as a "fakaleiti".[needs proof]

The "hijra" in India are born physically male, but they socialize and act as if they are women in many ways. In the past they used to castrate themselves and even remove the penis in order to urinate through a small hole. Now, with the arrival of western medicine, many hijari choose to take hormone therapies and sometimes have surgery to change their physical gender. Many of these people still call themselves "hijari", but some now call themselves "transsexuals" or "transgender women". All of these people were and are accepted in their society and many have special roles in their society.

In Western Society, there have often been people who have chosen to act and dress in a way that was not gender specific, or was not that of the gender they were born with. Cross dressing actors were very popular in the theatre of the late 19th century.

An example of a transgender person is the 19th century military surgeon who was known as James Barry. It is now believed that Barry was born female but disguised his sex all his adult life. Barry's work, which saved, and helped thousands of lives by improving treatment of wounds to stop amputations, would not have been possible, as a woman, because as a female he could never have attended medical school or entered the army.[1]

A 20th century example of a transgender person is Jan Morris, a geographer, explorer and journalist, who began life as James Morris. As "James", Morris married and had children, but felt female and eventually became Jan Morris.[2]

Issues

T and LGBT

Transgender people are not always accepted in every society. They can suffer discrimination, violence, and even murder. Transgender people have fought for and have gained many rights and protections in some societies. In many places the fight for transgender rights is associated with the fight for homosexual and bisexual rights. Together these groups are sometimes called by the acronym LGBT for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender espesially since the Declaration of Montreal.

Unfortunately, like all political relationships, this is not always peaceful. Some transgender people do not want to be part of the gay, lesbian, and bisexual community. They may see themselves as 'straight' (heterosexual) and not feel like they belong with homosexual people. Some gay, lesbian, and bisexual people do not want to be part of the transgender community. They may see transgender people as strange or bad and worry that the rest of society will see homosexuals in that same way if transgender people are included in LGBT. However, homosexual and transgender people often have some of the same problems in society. So many gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender people try to work together to solve all of their problems.

Medical care

Transgender people who wish to take medicine and have surgery to change their bodies face several problems. In order to change their bodies, they must have doctors who are willing to help them and make the changes. They sometimes cannot do this because doctors will not help them. They may also not be able to do this because even if a doctor would treat them, they may not be able to afford the medicine or surgery. But the Declaration of Montreal affirms that such medical care be provided for them by public health insurance.

Disease versus difference

Many transgender people do not like being labeled as having a disease, "gender identity disorder". They do not feel being transgender is an illness or disease. They see it as a 'harmless trait' like being homosexual or left-handed.

However, many transgender people depend on this diagnosis. For some people, they can only get medical and surgical treatment paid for by their government if it is to 'treat a disease.' So if it is not a disease, they will not get the medicines and surgery they need. Also, some laws protect people from discrimination if they have a disease. If transgender people do not have a disease, they do not get this protection.

This argument still goes on in both the transgender community and in the medical community that treats them.

Legal problems

Transgender people have problems with laws and regulations about sex. To be seen and treated as the sex they wish, transgender people usually have to change their first name. They also may want to change their identity documents to say the correct sex. For example, a transgender woman may wish to change her birth certificate or driving license to say her new female name and to say that she is a female.

These changes can protect transgender people from discrimination. For example, transgender woman who have been raped may not be allowed to go to a rape crisis center for care unless her identity papers say she is a female. These changes can also be necessary for transgender people to be allowed to marry their spouses in places where it is illegal for homosexual people to marry. These changes can even protect transgender people from violence especially the rape. Some people may be revealed to be transgender because their identity papers do not match how they look. Being revealed as transgender can put people in danger in some places because of transphobia (fear and misunderstanding of transgender people.)

Unfortunately, in many places this is hard or impossible for transgender people to change their identity documents, unless after the surgery to change sex or even after the surgery. This is changing, however. Recently the United Kingdom passed the Gender Recognition Act of 2004. This act allows people to have their change of sex officially recognized without surgery. Once changed, they have all the rights, privileges, and responsibilities of their new gender.

References

  1. Dr James Barry, "A Strange Story", excerpt from "The Manchester Guardian" of 21st August 1865, accessed October 10 2008
  2. Jan Morris' biography

Other websites


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 22, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Transgender, which are similar to those in the above article.








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