Transport in Angola: Wikis

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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Transport in Angola comprises:

Contents

Railways

  • total: 2,761 km
  • narrow gauge: mainly 2,638 km of 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) (Cape gauge). There is also 123 km of 600 mm (1 ft 11+58 in) gauge (2002)

There are three separate lines which do not link up. The major railway is the Benguela railway. A fourth system once linked Gunza and Gabala.

Railways in Angola suffered a lot of damage in the civil war, particularly the Benguela railway. A $4b project is proposed to restore the lines, and even to extend the system. It was reported in January 2008 that the repair of the Northern Line (a.k.a. Luanda Railway), started in October 2003 will be completed by August 2008. The work was carried out by the Chinese firm MEC-TEC.[1]

A link to Namibia is partly under construction.

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Railway links to adjacent countries

Maps

Towns served by rail

North line (Luanda Railway)

(originally 1,000 mm (3 ft 3+38 in) gauge, converted to 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) in 1950s)

Middle line

(610 mm (2 ft)  gauge)

Central line (Benguela Railway)

( Always 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) gauge)

South Line (Moçâmedes Railway)

( originally 600 mm (1 ft 11+58 in) gauge but was converted to 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) gauge in the 1950s. [2] )



Proposed

Timeline

2008

2007

  • 26 October, 2007 - talks between Angola and Namibia regarding the link between Namibia and Chamutete. [4]

Specifications

Highways

  • total: 52,429 km
country comparison to the world: 79
  • paved: 5,349 km
  • unpaved: 46,080 km (2001)

Travel on highways outside of towns and cities in Angola (and in some cases within) is often not best advised for those without four-by-four vehicles. Whilst a reasonable road infrastructure has existed within Angola, time and the war have taken their toll on the road surfaces, leaving many severely potholed, littered with broken asphalt. In many areas drivers have established alternate tracks to avoid the worst parts of the surface, although careful attention must be paid to the presence or absence of landmine warning markers by the side of the road.

The Angolan government has contracted the restoration of many of the country's roads, though. Many companies are coming into the country from China and surrounding nations to help improve road surfaces. The road between Lubango and Namibe, for example, was completed recently with funding from the European Union, and is comparable to many European main routes. Progress to complete the road infrastructure is likely to take some decades, but substantial efforts are already being made in the right directions.

Waterways

  • 1,300 km navigable (2008)
country comparison to the world: 36

Pipelines

  • gas, 2 km; crude oil 87 km (2008)

Ports and harbors

Atlantic Ocean

Merchant marine

  • total: 6
country comparison to the world: 128
  • by type: cargo 1, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 2, roll on/roll off 1
  • foreign owned: 1 (Spain)
  • registered in other countries: 6 (Bahamas) (2008)
AngolaStatistics for the Shipping Industry of Angola
Total: 4 ships (1,000 gross register tons (GRT) or over)
Totalling: 4,343 GRT/4,643 metric tons deadweight (DWT)
Cargo ships
Bulk ships 67
Barge carrier 10
Cargo ship 1
Tanker ships
Petroleum tanker ships 1
Passenger ships
Combined passenger/cargo 2
Source: This article contains material from the CIA World Factbook which, as a US government publication, is in the public domain.

Airports

  • 211 (2008)

Airports - with paved runways

  • total: 30
  • over 3,047 m: 5
  • 2,438 to 3,047 m: 8
  • 1,524 to 2,437 m: 12
  • 914 to 1,523 m: 4
  • under 914 m: 1 (2008)

Airports - with unpaved runways

  • total: 181 (2008)
  • over 3,047 m: 2
  • 2,438 to 3,047 m: 5
  • 1,524 to 2,437 m: 32
  • 914 to 1,523 m: 100
  • under 914 m: 42 (2008)

National Airline

History

Angola had an estimated total of 43 airports as of 2004, of which 31 had paved runways as of 2005. There is an international airport at Luanda. International and domestic services are maintained by TAAG, Air France, Air Namibe, Sabena, South African Airways, TAP (Portugal) and several regional carriers. In 2003, domestic and international carriers carried 198,000 passengers. There are airstrips for domestic transport at Benguela, Cabinda, Huambo, Namibe, and Catumbela.

References

This article comes from the CIA World Factbook 2003.

  1. ^ Angola: Repair of Luanda Railway Complete in August
  2. ^ http://53.1911encyclopedia.org/Angola_%28Portuguese_West_Africa%29
  3. ^ Railways Africa - NORTHERN ANGOLAN RAIL LINK-UP
  4. ^ Railways Africa - ANGOLA-NAMIBIA LINK
  5. ^ http://www.icf.gov.in/html/angola_write-up.pdf

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the CIA World Factbook.


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