Transport in Barcelona: Wikis

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The team responsible for the introduction of railway in Spain with the Mataró-Barcelona line, headed by Miquel Badia i Bunyol.
One of Barcelona's central stations: Catalunya, with Renfe, FGC and Barcelona Metro services.

Public transport in Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain) is operated by several companies, most of which are part of the Autoritat del Transport Metropolità, a transport authority managing services in the Barcelonès and the rest of the metropolitan area of Barcelona. This article is a summary with transport facilities and services strictly within the munipality of Barcelona, and contains links to more specific articles.

Contents

Railway

Barcelona was the first major city in Spain where trains were implemented. The first line in the country ran from Mataró to Barcelona. After permission was granted by the government, it was built between 1845 and 1848. High-speed train services (AVE and Avant) were introduced by Renfe in 2008.

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Rodalies Barcelona and other commuter lines

Currently railway lines in Barcelona are owned by Renfe and Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya (FGC). Rodalies Barcelona is a commuter railway network serving the metropolitan area. It's presently operated by Renfe and FGC even though the latter will operate all Rodalies lines from 2010 onwards, alongside its other commuter lines. Altogether they will make up 15 lines.

Regional lines

Mitjana distància or Media distancia Renfe (in catalan or castilian MD.PNG (also called Catalunya Exprés: Ca lines) there are 9 lines (Ca1-Ca2-Ca3-Ca4-Ca5-Ca6-Ca7-R43-L7). Those lines go all around of the four catalan provinces and some of them go to Zaragoza (Aragón) and Castelló de la Plana and València in País Valencià. Lines are operated by:

  • Renfe Operadora: 8 lines (broad gauge) and one of standard gauge[1]:
    • Ca1 Barcelona - Tarragona - Salou - Tortosa (with some expeditions to Vinaròs and València Nord) [1]
    • Ca2 Barcelona - Girona - Figueres - Portbou - Cervera de la Marenda (France)
    • Ca3 Barcelona - Tarragona - Reus - Riba-Roja d'Ebre (with some expeditions to Caspe and Zaragoza-Delicias)
    • Ca4 Barcelona - Lleida-Pirineus
      • Ca4a by Montblanc (via Reus)
      • Ca4a by Montblanc (via Valls).
      • Ca4b by Manresa and Cervera.
    • Ca5 Barcelona - Puigcerdà Latour-de-Carol (France) [2]
    • Ca6 Barcelona - Caspe - Zaragoza-Delicias
    • R42 Lleida-Pirineus - Monzón - Zaragoza-Delicias
    • L7 Tortosa - L'Aldea-Amposta - València Nord
    • Avant Barcelona Sants - Camp de Tarragona - Lleida-Pirineus
  1. ^  All Barcelona trains start in Estació de França or Barcelona Sants.
  2. ^  That line was traspassed to U.N. Rodalies and now is considered a Rodalies Barcelona line 3 enlargement.

Railway stations

There are currently 27 open railway stations in Barcelona (228 in the metropolitan area). The city's current main terminal station is Barcelona Sants. The construction of Estació de la Sagrera, presently taking place in La Sagrera and designed by Frank Gehry, will be a station of equal importance serving the other side of the city. Among other main stations, Estació de França has seen its importance reduced in the past years, and Estació del Nord (next to Arc de Triomf is no longer a railway terminal but a coach station. El Clot-Aragó station will be soon replaced by a new Glòries railway station at Plaça de les Glòries Catalanes which will be one of the main transport hubs in the city when completed. Plaça de Catalunya railway station, in the centre of Barcelona (Plaça de Catalunya) is the only station in Barcelona where Renfe, FGC and Barcelona Metro lines join.

All FGC stations except for Les Planes also offer Barcelona Metro services.

Barcelona Metro

Barcelona Metro map.
Lesseps station.

The Barcelona Metro, an electrified railway network, has served the city since 1924, when the Gran Metro and Metro Transversal. The original project was devised in time for the 1929 Universal Exhibition which took place in the city. Nowadays it's operated by two different companies: the proper metro lines being part of the Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (or TMB) network, and three metro services integrated in the commuter railway network of Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya (or FGC), Catalonia's public railway company.

In addition to the nine current working lines, the network is currently being expanded with the introduction of a double metro line which will be the longest in continental Europe: L9/L10. Nearly all existing lines are also growing, some extensively like L2, and as of 2009 they're undergoing reforms.

In 2012, the metro network is expected to consist of:

Line Termini Opened in Length in km Stations
L1 Hospital de Bellvitge - Badalona Centre 1926 20,72 30
L2 Fira 2 - Morera 1995 13,53 23
L3 Zona Universitària - Trinitat Nova 1924 19,22 26
L4 Trinitat Nova - Sagrera-Meridiana 1926 18,91 25
L5 Cornellà Centre - Vall d'Hebron 1959 19,16 27
L6 Pça Catalunya - Reina Elisenda 1929 5,38 9
L7 Pça Catalunya - Av. Tibidabo 1954 4,63 7
L8 Pça Espanya - Molí Nou-Ciutat Cooperativa 1912 11,26 11
L9 Aeroport Terminal Sud - Can Zam 2009 42,6 51
L10 Zona Franca - Gorg 2010 42,6 51
L11 Trinitat Nova - Can Cuiàs 2003 2,1 5
Total 157,51 209

Trams in Barcelona

Trambesòs carriage by Glòries and the Torre Agbar.

Although Barcelona had an extensive tram network (operated by Tramways de Barcelona S.A., a distant antecessor of Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona) during the 20th century, and was highly dependant on trams, as the 1951 tram boycott proves, the network was eventually discontinued in 1971, except for the Tramvia Blau on the Tibidabo. In2004, however, two new tram systems were introduced: Trambaix (taking its name from the Baix Llobregat comarca, the western part of the metropolitan area), and the Trambesòs, from the river Besòs which runs through the eastern part). Both systems have three routes each (as of 2009), but new introductions are expected and pending of approval. An ambitious project to link the whole of Barcelona through Avinguda Diagonal and linking both systems is pending revision.

Bus lines in Barcelona

An articulated TMB bus in Barcelona.

Funicular in Barcelona

Parc de Montjuïc station of the Funicular de Montjuïc.

The Funicular de Montjuïc, climbing up Montjuïc hill, is fare-integrated with the Barcelona Metro network. Funicular de Vallvidrera, in Vallvidrera, is part of Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya. A third funicular, on Tibidabo hill, Funicular del Tibidabo, is operated by TMB and allows access to the Tibidabo theme park.

Barcelona international airport

Barcelona is served by Barcelona Airport in the town of El Prat de Llobregat, about 17 km (11 mi) from the centre of Barcelona. It is the second-largest airport in Spain, and the largest on the Mediterranean coast. It is a main hub for Vueling Airlines and Clickair, and also a focus for Spanair, Air Europa and Iberia. The airport mainly serves domestic and European destinations, but some airlines offer destinations in Asia and the United States. The airport is connected to the city by highway, commuter train and scheduled bus service. The airport handled 32,800,570 passengers in 2007.[2] A new terminal (T1) has been built, and entered service on 17 June 2009.

Port of Barcelona

Zona Franca.

The Port of Barcelona has a 2000-year history and a great contemporary commercial importance. It is Europe's ninth largest container port, with a trade volume of 2.3 million TEU's in 2006.[3] The port is managed by the Port Authority of Barcelona. Its 7.86 km2 (3 sq mi) are divided into three zones: Port Vell (the Old Port), the commercial port and the logistics port (Barcelona Free Port). The port is undergoing an enlargement that will double its size thanks to diverting the mouth of the Llobregat river 2 km (1¼ mi) to the south.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ Mitjana Distància Renfe map
  2. ^ Aena statistics (see annual report for 2007)
  3. ^ van Marle, Gavin (2008-01-31). "Europe terminals stretched to limit". Lloyd's List Daily Commercial News (Informa Australia): pp. 8–9.  
  4. ^ Port de Barcelona

External links


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