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Transport infrastructure in Brazil is characterized by strong regional differences and lack of development of the national rail network. [1]. Brazil's fast growing economy, and especially the growth in exports, will place increasing demands on the transport networks[2]. However, sizeable new investments that are expected to address some of the issues are either planned or in progress. [3][4]

Contents

Railways

Urban/suburban rail in São Paulo.
  • Total actual network: 29,295 km
Broad gauge: 4,932 km 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) gauge (939 km electrified)
Narrow gauge: 23,773 km 1,000 mm (3 ft 3+38 in) gauge (581 km electrified)
Dual gauge: 396 km 1000 mm and 1600 mm gauges (three rails)
Standard gauge: 194 km 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) gauge: (2006)
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Cities with Metros

Railway links with adjacent countries

  • Uruguay Uruguay - yes - break-of-gauge 1,000 mm (3 ft 3+38 in)
    (Brazil) /1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) (Uruguay)
  • Argentina Argentina - yes - break-of-gauge 1,000 mm (3 ft 3+38 in)
    (Brazil)/1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) (Argentina)
  • Paraguay Paraguay - no
  • Bolivia Bolivia - yes - 1,000 mm (3 ft 3+38 in) gauge both countries

Tramways (Street Railways)

Brazil had a hundred tramway systems.[5] Currently, there are vintage tramways operating in Belem[6], Campinas[7], Campos de Jordao[8], Itatinga[9], Rio de Janeiro[10] and Santos[11].

High-speed rail

A high-speed rail connecting São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro is currently under development.[12] The high-speed line is expected to be operational by 2014[13].

Highways

Brazil has 1,751,868 kilometers of roads,[14] 96,353 km of them paved and 1,655,515 km unpaved. That means that only 5.5% of the roads are paved and that 94.5% are unpaved.

The country has a low rate of car ownership of 140 per 1000 population, however in comparison to the other developing economies of the BRIC group Brazil exceeds India and China[14].

Waterways

50,000 km navigable (most in areas remote from industry or population) (2008)

Pipelines

Seaports and harbors

Atlantic Ocean

Amazon river

Paraguay River (international water way)

Merchant marine


total: 136 ships (1,000 gross register tons (GRT) or over) totaling 3,964,808 GRT/6,403,284 metric tons deadweight (DWT)
ships by type: (1999 est.)

Airports

Most international flights must go to Guarulhos International Airport in São Paulo or Galeão International Airport in Rio de Janeiro. Belo Horizonte is the main international airport outside Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. A few go to Brasilia, Recife, Natal, and just recently Fortaleza has accepted international flights. With South American integration, more airports can be expected to open to international flights.

Airports - with paved runways


total: 734
over 3,047 m: 7
2,438 to 3,047 m: 26
1,524 to 2,437 m: 169
914 to 1,523 m: 476
under 914 m: 56 (2008)

Airports - with unpaved runways


total: 3,442
1,524 to 2,437 m: 85
914 to 1,523 m: 1,541
under 914 m: 1,816 (2008)

National airlines

Heliports

  • 16 (2007)

See also

References

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