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Transport in Montenegro: Wikis

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Coat of arms of Montenegro.svg

This article is part of the series:
Montenegro

See also: Portal:Politics

Contents

Airports

Montenegro has two international airports, with their IATA Airport Codes:

Podgorica Airport has a new and modern terminal building, and Tivat Airport underwent terminal expansion and can now handle night landings.

There are also airports at Berane, Žabljak and Nikšić, but those are used mostly for general aviation, and are not equipped to handle larger aircraft.

Railways

Train in Podgorica station

total: 250 km
standard gauge: (1435 mm) 250 km
narrow gauge: none

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Rail links with adjacent countries

Overview

The Montenegrin part of the Belgrade - Bar railway is the backbone of the Montenegrin railway system. It opened in 1979, and then was a state-of-the art railway, with features such as Mala Rijeka viaduct (highest railway viaduct in the world) and the 6.2 km long Sozina tunnel. About one-third of the Montenegrin part of the railway is in tunnels or on viaducts. It is the only railway corridor in Montenegro that is fully electrified: electrification of the Podgorica - Nikšić corridor is not complete.

The railway suffered from chronic underfunding in the 1990s, resulting in it deteriorating and becoming unsafe. This culminated in the 2006 Bioče train disaster, when a passenger train derailed, killing 47 passengers. Efforts are being made to thoroughly reconstruct this railway.

The Podgorica - Nikšić railway (56,6 km long) was built in 1948 as a narrow gauge railway, and upgraded to standard gauge in 1965. Since 1992, it has been used solely for freight traffic, particularly bauxite from the Nikšić mine to the Podgorica Aluminium Plant, with the maximum speed on the railway reduced to 30 km/h. That is about to change, as this part of the railway is currently undergoing complete reconstruction and electrification. Passenger traffic is set to start in 2009, and maximum speeds will be between 75 and 100 km/h.

The Podgorica - Shkodër railway, which extends to Tirana, has been used exclusively for freight traffic for some time. Parts in Albania were damaged in 1997, but the connection was restored in 2002. There are plans to reconstruct the railway and re-introduce passenger traffic, as it is important for the interests of both Montenegro and Albania.

Currently, the railways are undergoing planned repairs and modernization with a budget, given by Government for 2009, of 9.7 million euros.

Highways

total: 5,277 km
paved: 1,729 km

All roads in Montenegro are of the single carriageway type. Although the road network is extensive, road infrastructure is generally not on par with European standards. Main transit routes connecting larger population centers and tourist destinations, called magistrala (highway), have been improved in the last decade, and now frequently feature a third, overtaking lane.

In recent years roads connecting Podgorica and the coastal towns have improved significantly with the completion of Sozina tunnel, which shortened the journey from Podgorica to Bar to under half an hour and made the trip significantly safer.

In the north, the road from Podgorica to Kolašin through Morača canyon to Serbia is considered the bottleneck of Montenegrin road network, as it is a curvy mountainous road, often unsafe during the winter. In order to bypass this route, preparatory work has begun on constructing the Bar - Boljare motorway, which is a project considered a national priority.

Another significant project is the construction of the Montenegrin section of Adriatic–Ionian motorway.

There is a proposed route from the city of Podgorica to Gusinje. The highway, expected to go through northern Albania, will mean a journey time to Gusinje and Plav of about half an hour.

Also, the Verige bridge spanning the Bay of Kotor and part of the Adriatic Highway is planned to be built in the future.

Routes

Ports and harbors

Port of Bar is the major seaport in Montenegro. It is capable of handling about 5 million tons of cargo, and is a port for ferries to Bari and Ancona in Italy. Kotor, Risan and Zelenika (in Bay of Kotor) are smaller ports.

Montenegro's rivers are generally not navigable, except for tourist attractions such as rafting on Tara River.

See also


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