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Transport in Paraguay: Wikis


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Paraguay’s transportation system ranges from adequate to poor, largely depending on the region of the country. The country has a network of roads, railroads, rivers, and airports, but significant infrastructure and regulation improvements are needed.[1]



Estimates vary on the total extent of Paraguay’s road system, from more than 60,000 kilometers to less than 30,000 kilometers. The discrepancies seem to be the result of differing standards regarding what constitutes a road. Thousands of kilometers of unpaved rural roads exist. Paraguay has about 15,000 kilometers of paved, major feeder roads. The core network connects Asunción, Encarnación, and Ciudad del Este. The Trans-Chaco highway is only partially finished, the paved portion ending at Mariscal Estigarribia. Bolivia’s portion of the highway, in contrast, is entirely paved. For trade purposes, the paved highways from Ciudad del Este to the Brazilian port of Paranaguá are particularly important. Additionally, the roads connecting Paraguay to Buenos Aires are adequate.[1]

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The government owns the country’s sole railroad company, including a 438-kilometer line from Asunción to Encarnación. An effort to privatize the company in 2002 failed when no buyer could be secured because of the steep investment required to make the line profitable. Currently, only a small section of the line is open. It is used for tourist traffic. Paraguay’s railroads operate on a standard 1.435-meter gauge.[1]

total: 971 km
standard gauge: 441 km 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) gauge
narrow gauge: 60 km 1,000 mm (3 ft 3+38 in) gauge
note: there are 470 km of various gauges that are privately owned


Rail links to adjacent countries

  • Argentina Argentina - yes - 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) both countries.
  • Bolivia Bolivia - no ??
  • Brazil Brazil - yes - break-of-gauge 1,000 mm (3 ft 3+38 in) (Brazil)/1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) (Paraguay)

Inland waterways

Paraguay has 3,100 kilometers of inland waterways. The Paraguay and Paraná are the country’s two main rivers. The Paraguay River, with headwaters at Mato Grosso, Brazil, flows southward, converging with the Paraná in southwestern Paraguay, and then flowing to the Río de la Plata Estuary in Argentina, the entrance for the great majority of ships servicing Paraguay’s ports.[1]

Ports and harbors

Villeta, located south of Asunción, serves as Paraguay’s primary port. Asunción, long the country’s only modern port, Encarnación, and San Antonio serve as the country’s other major ports. Paraguay’s ports are split between state and private ownership. The country’s 20 private ports, however, are far more efficient, handling nearly 90 percent of soybean exports.[1]

Paraguay River (international water way)

Paraná River

Merchant marine

total: 21 ships (1,000 gross register tons (GRT) or over) totaling 30,287 GRT/32,510 metric tons deadweight (DWT)
ships by type: (1999 est.)


Paraguay has 878 airports but only 12 with paved runways and only two that can receive four-engine commercial airplanes. The airport serving Asunción, located at Silvio Pettirossi, is the country’s major airport for international and domestic flights. The new (completed in 1996) Guaraní International Airport, located near Ciudad del Este and the Brazilian border, has been unable to compete with the nearby international airport at Foz do Iguaçu in Brazil. Improvements in technology are needed to bring Paraguay’s airports up to international standards. Paraguay privatized the state-owned Líneas Aéreas Paraguayas in 1994.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f Paraguay country profile. Library of Congress Federal Research Division (October 2005). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the CIA World Factbook.


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