Transport of concentration camp inmates to Tyrol: Wikis

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The Transport of Inmates of German Concentration Camps to Tyrol happened in late April 1945 and led to the only time such prisoners were liberated by German troops.

Contents

Transfer and liberation

On April 24, 1945 more than 130 prisoners from Dachau Concentration Camp were transferred to Niederdorf/Hochpustertal 70 km northeast of Bozen. The transport, which was consisted of trucks and old buses, was guarded by several dozen troops from the SS and SD. On board were the camp's most important and prominent prisoners as well as family members of the 20 July plotters. The officers in charge, Obersturmführer Edgar Stiller and Untersturmführer Bader, had orders to kill all the prisoners if in any doubt of capture.

But on arrival at “Arbeitserziehungslager Reichenau”, Innsbruck, camp authorities told the guards that they were not prepared to accept the prisoners. Instead the 139 prisoners were sent to the village hotel at Niederdorf, where they arrived on April 28.

Contrary to expectations, the building was unavailable as it was being used by three German Wehrmacht generals. A delegation from the prisoners' committee, that included Colonel Bogislaw von Bonin, who had been imprisoned for allowing a retreat on the Eastern Front, made contact with the senior army officers and made known the identity of the high-status prisoners and the fear that they were to be executed before liberation by U.S troops.

A message was sent to Wehrmacht troops at Bozen commanded by Captain Wichard von Alvensleben, who decided to come and protect the prisoners with his soldiers.

On April 30 against the background of advancing U.S troops and Alvensleben’s unit, which had now surrounded the village, the SS guards decided to escape.

The free prisoners were then accommodated at the Pragser Wildsee Hotel until U.S troops marched into Niederdorf on May 5.

List of the Prisoners

(by country)

Austria

Czech Republic

  • Josef Burda, Merchant
  • Josef Rozsévac-Rys, Journalist

Denmark

  • Hans Frederik Hansen, engineer
  • Adolf T. Larsen, Farmer
  • Hans Lunding, Head of the Danish Intelligence Service
  • Max J. Mikkelsen, Captain
  • Jörgen Lönborg Friis Mogensen, Viceconsul
  • Knud E. Pedersen, Captain

France

Germany

Great Britain

Greece

  • Constantin Bakopoulos, General
  • Panajotis Dédés, General
  • Vassilis Dimitrion, Soldier
  • Nikolaos Grivas, Caporal (corporal)
  • Georges Kosmas, General
  • Alexandros Papagos, General, Commander in Chief of the Greek Army
  • Jean D. Pitsikas, General

Hungary

  • Aleksander Ginzery, Colonel
  • Josef Hatz, Major
  • Samuel Hatz, Teacher, father of Josef Hatz
  • Andreas Hlatky, Hungarian Secretary of State
  • Miklós Horthy, Jr., diplomat, son of Miklós Horthy
  • Géza Igmándy-Hegyessy, General
  • Miklós Kállay, former Prime Minister of Hungary
  • Julius Király, Colonel
  • Desiderius Ónody, Secretary of Horthy jr.
  • Peter Baron Schell, Hungarian minister of Interior

Italy

Latvia

Netherlands

  • Johannes J. C. van Dijk, minister of defence

Norway

  • Arne Daehli, Captain

Poland

  • Jan Izycki, Pilot Officer, RAF
  • Stanislaw Jensen, Pilot Officer, RAF
  • Count Aleksander Zamoyski, major

Russia

  • Ivan Bessonov, General
  • Victor Brodnicov, Lieutenant Colonel
  • Fyodor Ceredilin, Soldier
  • Vassily Kokorin, Lieutenant
  • Pyotr Privalov, General
  • Nikolay Ruchenko, Officer

Slovakia

  • Imrich Karvaš, Professor and governor of Slovak National Bank
  • Ján Stanek, Major

Sweden

  • Carl S. Edquist, Director

Yugoslavia

  • Hinko Dragic, Lieutenant Colonel
  • Novak D. Popovic, Head of the post administration
  • Dimitrije Tomalevsky, journalist

The Kin Prisoners

  • Fey von Hassell Pirzio Biroli, daughter of Ulrich von Hassell
  • Annelise Gisevius, sister of Hans-Bernd Gisevius
  • Anneliese Goerdeler wife of Carl Goerdeler
  • Benigna Goerdeler, daughter of Goerdeler
  • Gustav Goerdeler, brother of Goerdeler
  • Marianne Goerdeler, daughter of Anneliese and Carl Goerdeler
  • Irma Goerdeler wife of Ulrich Goerdeler, daughter in law of Anneliese and Carl Goerdeler
  • Jutta Goerdeler, cousin of Benigna Goerdeler
  • Reinhard Goerdeler, son of Anneliese and Carl Goerdeler (not at the Pragser Wildsee Hotel)
  • Ulrich Goerdeler, son of Anneliese and Carl Goerdeler
  • Käte Gudzent
  • Franz von Hammerstein, son of Maria und Kurt von Hammerstein-Equord; (not at the Pragser Wildsee Hotel)
  • Hildur von Hammerstein, daughter of Maria and Kurt von Hammerstein-Equord.
  • Maria von Hammerstein-Equord wife of Kurt von Hammerstein-Equord
  • Anna-Luise von Hofacker, daughter of Cäsar von Hofacker
  • Eberhard von Hofacker, son of Cäsar von Hofacker
  • Ilse Lotte von Hofacker wife of Cäsar von Hofacker
  • Peter A. Jehle, (not at the Pragser Wildsee Hotel)
  • Elisabeth Kaiser, daughter of Therese Kaiser
  • Therese Kaiser
  • Arthur Kuhn, lawyer
  • Anni von Lerchenfeld, mother in law of Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg; died in the SS camp in Matzkau
  • Lini Lindemann wife of General Fritz Lindemann
  • Josef Mohr, brother of Therese Kaiser
  • Käthe Mohr wife of Josef Mohr
  • Gisela Gräfin von Plettenberg-Lenhausen, daughter of Walther Graf von Plettenberg-Lenhausen
  • Walther Graf von Plettenberg-Lenhausen, merchant
  • Dietrich Schatz, major, (not at the Pragser Wildsee Hotel)
  • Hans-Dietrich Schröder, son of Ingeborg Schröder.
  • Harring Schröder, son of Ingeborg Schröder
  • Ingeborg Schröder
  • Sybille-Maria Schröder, daughter of Ingeborg Schröder
  • Alexander Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg, brother of Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg.
  • Alexandra Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg, daughter of Markwart Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg
  • Clemens jr. Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg, son of Markwart Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg
  • Elisabeth Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg, wife of Clemens Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg
  • Inèz Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg, daughter of Markwart Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg
  • Maria Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg wife of Berthold Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg
  • Marie-Gabriele Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg, daughter of Elisabeth Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg and Clemens Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg
  • Markwart Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg (senior), Colonel
  • Markwart Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg (junior), son of Elisabeth Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg and Clemens sen. Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg, (not at the Pragser Wildsee Hotel)
  • Otto Philipp Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg, son of Elisabeth Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg and Clemens sen. Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg
  • Isa Vermehren, Comedian, sister of Erich Vermehren

Next to these prominent prisoners two inmates of the Dachau concentration camp, the cook Wilhelm Visintainer and the barber Paul Wauer were within the transport.

Vera Schuschnigg, wife of Kurt von Schuschnigg, and their daughter Maria Dolores Elisabeth had joined the transport voluntarily and were not officialy imprisoned.[1][2]

References

  1. ^ georg-elser-arbeitskreis.de (German)
  2. ^ Austrian Requiem

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