Transportation in Taiwan: Wikis

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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Ministry of Transportation and Communications (Republic of China) is the cabinet level (Executive Yuan) governing body for Taiwan's transportation network.

Contents

Land transportation

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Roads

  • Total length: 38,197 km (2005)
    • National highway: 901 km
    • Provincial highway: 4,680 km
  • highways: 20,947 km (including 872 km of freeways)
  • urban roads: 16,395, km
National freeway sign
Provincial freeway sign

Railways

Total: 1,496 km (2003) (all on the island of Taiwan)

Conventional rail

Light rail

Light Rail Demonstration, Central Park, Kaohsiung City.
  • Muzha Line (TRTS): 10.9 km elevated medium capacity line serving Daan area, Taipei
  • Neihu Line (TRTS): 14.8 km elevated medium capacity line serving Neihu area, Taipei. Pending revenue operations on June 25.

Metro

Currently, the TRTS in Taipei and the KMRT in Kaohsiung are the only two operational rapid transit systems in Taiwan. Several other cities in Taiwan, including Taichung, are also planning rapid transit systems.

High speed rail

Taiwan High Speed Rail (THSR) 700T Series Shinkansen train in Kaohsiung.

The Taiwan High Speed Rail (THSR) commenced operations on January 5, 2007, after some delays in 2006. The THSR connects Taipei City in the northeast of the island of Taiwan to Kaohsiung City in the southwest. The journey time is about 90 minutes compared to 4 hours by conventional rail. 30 Shinkansen Class 700T sets are running on the 345 km HSL, with station stops at Taipei Main station, Banciao, Taoyuan, Hsinchu, Taichung, Chiayi, Tainan and Zuoying near Kaoshiung. Four additional stations are planned: Songshan in north Taipei suburb, Miaoli, Changhua and Yunlin. In 2008 THSR increased the number of trains to 88 per day, each way.

The Shinkansen 700T is similar to the Japanese 700 Nozomi. It operates in 12 car sets (9 powered, 3 trailers) at a speed limit of 300 km/h over standard gauge 1435 mm track. OCS power is 25 kV AC 60Hz.

Gondolas

Air transportation

China Airlines.

Airports

Total: 18 (civil, 2005)

length of runways:

  • over 3,047 m: 6 (Taiwan Taoyuan, Taichung, Kaohsiung, Tainan, Chiayi, Pingtung)
  • 2,438 to 3,047 m: 5 (Kinmen, Magong, Hualien, Songshan, Taitung)
  • 1,524 to 2,437 m: 2 (Hengchun, Nangan)
  • 914 to 1,523 m: 4 (Beigan, Lanyu, Lyudao, Wan-an)
  • under 914 m: 1 (Cimei)

Heliports

Total: 9 (2006)

Sea transportation

Ports and harbors

Taiwan is surrounded by sea on all sides.

Major ports: Hualien, Kaohsiung, Keelung, Taichung

Other ports: Anping, Su-ao, Taipei

Interior ports: Budai, Magong, Kinmen, Matsu

Merchant marine: 235 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 3,827,173 GRT/6,121,877 metric tons deadweight (DWT) (2003)
ships by type:

  • bulk 35
  • cargo 64
  • container 42
  • petroleum tanker 20
  • passenger 38
  • other 36

Pipelines

petroleum products 3,400 km; natural gas 1,800 km (1999)


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