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Travis County, Texas
Seal of Travis County, Texas
Map of Texas highlighting Travis County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Seat Austin
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,022 sq mi (2,647 km²)
989 sq mi (2,561 km²)
33 sq mi (85 km²), 3.21%
PopulationEst.
 - (2007)
 - Density

974,365
985/sq mi (380.4/km²)
Founded 1840

Travis County is located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. It is part of the Austin-Round Rock metropolitan area. In the year 2008, the population was 998,543; the county has gained more than 400,000 residents since 1990. Its county seat is Austin,[1] the capital of Texas. The county is named in honor of William Barret Travis, the commander of the Republic of Texas forces at the Battle of the Alamo.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,022 square miles (2,647 km²). 989 square miles (2,562 km²) are land and 33 square miles (85 km²) (3.21%) are water.

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Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1900 47,386
1910 55,620 17.4%
1920 57,616 3.6%
1930 77,777 35.0%
1940 111,053 42.8%
1950 160,980 45.0%
1960 212,136 31.8%
1970 295,516 39.3%
1980 419,573 42.0%
1990 576,407 37.4%
2000 812,280 40.9%
Est. 2008 998,543 22.9%

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 812,280 people, 320,766 households, and 183,798 families residing in the county. The population density was 821 people per square mile (317/km²). There were 335,881 housing units at an average density of 340 per square mile (131/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.21% White, 9.26% Black or African American, 0.58% Native American, 4.47% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 14.56% other races, and 2.85% from two or more races. 28.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 12.0% were of German, 7.7% English, 6.6% Irish and 5.5% American ancestry according to Census 2000. English the sole language spoken at home by 71.42% of the population age 5 or over, while 22.35% speaks Spanish, and a Chinese language (including Mandarin, Taiwanese, and Cantonese) is spoken by 1.05% [1].

Travis County Justice Complex
Ned Granger Administration Building in Austin
A county complex at 1010 Lavaca Street
Health and Human Services and Veterans Services

The 2005 American Community Survey conducted by the census indicated that 25.1% of Travis County's population spoke Spanish in the home.[citation needed] In 2000 there were 320,766 households, of which 29.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.60% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.70% were non-families. 30.10% of all households were composed of individuals and 4.40% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.15.

The population's age distribution was 23.80% under the age of 18, 14.70% from 18 to 24, 36.50% from 25 to 44, 18.20% from 45 to 64, and 6.70% age 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 104.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.50 males.

The median income per household in the county was $46,761, and the median income per family was $58,555. Males had a median income of $37,298 versus $30,452 for females. The per capita income in the county was $25,883. About 7.70% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.90% of those under age 18 and 7.60% of those age 65 or over.

Travis County, along with other Texas counties, has one of the nation's highest property tax rates. In 2007, the county was ranked 37th in the nation for property taxes as percentage of the homes value on owner occupied housing. The list only includes counties with a population over 65,000 for accuracy[3]. Travis County also ranked in the top 100 for amount of property taxes paid and for percentage of taxes of income. Part of this is due to the complex Robin Hood plan school financing law that exists in Texas.[4]

Communities

Cities, towns, and villages

Herman Marion Sweatt Travis County Courthouse in Austin

(a growing portion of southern Round Rock also extends into northern Travis county)
(a growing portion of Elgin extends into Travis County)

Census-designated places

Unincorporated areas

Culture

The Austin Zoo is located at 10807 Rawhide Trail in an unincorporated area.[5]

Corrections

The Travis County Jail and the Travis County Criminal Justice Center are located in Downtown Austin.[6][7] The Travis County Correctional Complex is located in an unincorporated area in Travis County, next to Austin-Bergstrom International Airport.[8]

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates the Travis County Unit, a state jail for men, in eastern Austin.[9]

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ http://www.taxfoundation.org/research/show/1888.html
  4. ^ http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F04E5DB173BF934A35753C1A9629C8B63
  5. ^ "Contact Us." Austin Zoo. Retrieved on February 1, 2009.
  6. ^ "Travis County Jail (TCJ)." Travis County Sheriff's Office. Accessed September 14, 2008.
  7. ^ "Criminal Justice Center (CJC)." Travis County Sheriff's Office. Accessed September 14, 2008.
  8. ^ "Travis County Correctional Complex (TCCC)." Travis County Sheriff's Office. Accessed September 14, 2008.
  9. ^ "Travis County (TI)." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Accessed September 14, 2008.

External links

Coordinates: 30°20′N 97°47′W / 30.33°N 97.78°W / 30.33; -97.78


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

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Travis County, Texas
Seal of Travis County, Texas
Map
File:Map of Texas highlighting Travis County.png
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the USA highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1840
Seat Austin
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 3.21%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

812280

Travis County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. It is part of the Austin-Round Rock metropolitan area. In 2000, the population was 812,280. Its county seat is Austin,6 the capital of Texas. The county is named in honor of William Barret Travis, the commander of the Republic of Texas forces at the Battle of the Alamo.

Contents

Geography

Travis County is in Central Texas, about 75 miles northeast of San Antonio and 150 miles west of Houston. The Colorado River flows through Travis County, and three of the Texas Highland Lakes (Lake Travis, Lake Austin and Lady Bird Lake) are located there.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,647 km² (1,022 sq mi). 2,562 km² (989 sq mi) is land and 85 km² (33 sq mi) (3.21%) is water.

Major Highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 812,280 people, 320,766 households, and 183,798 families residing in the county. The population density was 317/km² (821/sq mi). There were 335,881 housing units at an average density of 131/km² (340/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 68.21% White, 9.26% Black or African American, 0.58% Native American, 4.47% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 14.56% other races, and 2.85% from two or more races. 28.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. English the sole language spoken at home by 71.42% of the population age 5 or over, while 22.35% speaks Spanish, and a Chinese language (including Mandarin, Taiwanese, and Cantonese) is spoken by 1.05% [1].

The 2005 American Community Survey conducted by the census indicated that 25.1% of Travis County's population spoke Spanish in the home.

In 2000 there were 320,766 households, of which 29.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.60% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.70% were non-families. 30.10% of all households were composed of individuals and 4.40% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.15.

The population's age distribution was 23.80% under the age of 18, 14.70% from 18 to 24, 36.50% from 25 to 44, 18.20% from 45 to 64, and 6.70% age 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 104.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.50 males.

The median income per household in the county was $46,761, and the median income per family was $58,555. Males had a median income of $37,242 versus $30,452 for females. The per capita income in the county was $25,883. About 7.70% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.90% of those under age 18 and 7.60% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

The Travis County Courthouse in Austin.

(a portion of southern Round Rock also extends into northern Travis county)
(a portion of Elgin extends into Travis County)
*unincorporated community

External links



Coordinates: 30°20′N 97°47′W / 30.33, -97.78

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Travis County, Texas. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Travis County, TexasRDF feed
County names Travis County, Texas  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Texas  +
Short name Travis County  +

This article uses material from the "Travis County, Texas" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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