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Negociation of the Peace of Karlowitz (note the way the turkish ambassadors sit with their legs crossed)
Poland after the Treaty of Karlowitz in 1699

The Treaty (Peace) of Karlowitz (Karlovci) was signed on 26 January 1699 in Sremski Karlovci (Serbian Cyrillic: Сремски Карловци, Serbo-Croatian: Srijemski Karlovci, German: Karlowitz, Turkish: Karlofça, Hungarian: Karlóca), a town in modern-day Serbia, concluding the Austro-Ottoman War of 16831697 in which the Ottoman side had finally been defeated at the Battle of Zenta and expulsed from the Hungarian Kingdom after almost one and a half century of occupation.

Following a two-month congress between the Ottoman Empire on one side and the Holy League of 1684, a coalition of various European powers including the Habsburg Monarchy, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the Republic of Venice and Peter I of Russia[1], a treaty was signed on 26 January 1699. The Ottomans ceded most of those territories to the Habsburg Monarchy, which were conquered from Hungary after 1526, while Podolia was returned to Poland. Most of Dalmatia passed to Venice, along with the Morea (the Peloponnesus peninsula in southern Greece), which the Ottomans reconquered in 1715 and regained in the Treaty of Passarowitz of 1718.

The Treaty of Karlowitz marked the beginning of the Ottoman decline, and made the Habsburg Monarchy the dominant power in Central Europe.


  1. ^ Robert Bideleux, Ian Jeffries, p. 86.


  • Bideleux, Robert., Jeffries, Ian., A History of Eastern Europe: Crisis and Change, Routledge, New York, 1998 ISBN 0415161118

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