Trebinje: Wikis

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Trebinje
Требиње

Coat of arms
Location of Trebinje within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Coordinates: 42°42′40″N 18°20′33″E / 42.7112°N 18.3425°E / 42.7112; 18.3425Coordinates: 42°42′40″N 18°20′33″E / 42.7112°N 18.3425°E / 42.7112; 18.3425
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity Republika Srpska
Settlements 178 (2008.)
Government
 - Mayor Dobroslav Ćuk (SNSD) [1]
Area
 - Total 904 km2 (349 sq mi)
Population (2008 estimate)
 - Total 37,000
 - Municipality 100,000
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) 59
Website www.trebinjedanas.com

Trebinje (Cyrillic: Требиње) is the southern-most municipality and town in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is administratively part of the Republika Srpska entity and is located in southeastern Herzegovina, some 10 km from the Adriatic Sea.

Contents

History

The toponym Trebinje comes from a medieval term Travunia. Trebinje was probably built by Slavs on the site of a Roman town laid waste by the Saracens in 840. In the mid-10th century Constantine Porphyrogenitus mentioned it under the name of Terbunia. It commanded the road from Ragusa to Constantinople, traversed, in 1096, by Raymond of Toulouse and his crusaders. Under the name of Tribunia or Travunja (the Trebigne of the Ragusans), it belonged to the Serbian Empire until 1355. Trebinje became a part of the expanded Medieval Bosnian state under Tvrtko I in 1373. There is a medieval tower in Gornje Police (Gornye Politse) whose construction is often attributed to Vuk Branković. The old Tvrdoš Monastery dates back to the 15th century.

In 1482, together with the rest of Herzegovina (see: Herzog Stjepan Vukčić Kosača), it was conquered by the Ottoman Empire. The Old Town-Kastel was built by Turks on location of the medieval fortress of Ban Vir, on the western bank of the Trebišnjica River. The city walls, the Old Town square, and two mosques, were built in beginning of the 18th century by Resulbegovic family. The Arslanagić bridge was originally built (16th century) at the village of Arslanagic, 5 km north of the town, by Mehmed-paša Sokolović, and it was managed by Arslanagic family. It was moved closer to Trebinje (1km) in the late 1960's. The Arslanagic bridge is one of the most attractive Turkish bridges in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It has two large and two small semicircular arches.

During the period of Austro-Hungarian administration (1878-1918) the several fortifications were built on the surrounding hills, and there was a garrison based in the town. They also modernized the town expanding it westwards, building the present main street, as well as, several squares, park, new schools, tobacco plantations, etc.

Trebinje strongly grew in the era of Tito's Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia between 1945 and 1990. It especially developed its hydroelectric potential (Hydroelectricity) with its, dams, artificial lakes, tunnels, and several hydroelectric plants. This industrial development brought large increase in urban population of Trebinje.

Ravno municipality was formed within the former border of Trebinje municipality for the area now belong to the federation.

Serb nationalists attacked people who sought to lay foundations for new mosques on the ruins of those destroyed by ethnic cleansing. The Osman Pasa mosque was one of hundreds destroyed in the Bosnian war between 1992 and 1995. There were indications of actual police collaboration.[2][3]

Trebinje town and valley

Geography

The town lies on the Trebišnjica River in Southeastern Herzegovina, some 24 km by road from the city of Dubrovnik (Croatia) on the Adriatic Sea. There are several mills along the river, as well as several bridges, including 2 in Trebinje itself, and a historic Ottoman Arslanagic bridge nearby. The river is heavily exploited for hydro-energy. After it passees through the Popovo polje area (South-West of the town), which always floods in winter, it naturally runs underground to the Adriatic Sea, near Dubrovnik in Croatia.

There is an Orthodox church in Trebinje, Saborna Crkva, as well as a new monastery, Trebinje Gracanica, located above the town, on the historic hill known as Crkvina, while nearby is also (what is now an Episcopal church) Tvrdoš Monastery, dating back to the 15th century. Trebinje is also home to the Catholic Cathedral of the Birth of Mary. The town largely escaped damage during the war, but Ottoman architecture was destroyed (Resulbegovic Historic House, Sultan's Mosque). The Osman-Pasha (Resulbegovic) Mosque of Trebinje was rebuilt by the returned Bosnian Muslim (Bosniak) community and inaugurated in July 2005.

Trebinje is the seat of the Catholic Bishopric of Trebinje-Mrkan.

The local football club is FK Leotar Trebinje.

Demographics

According to the 1910 census, the absolute majority in the Trebinje municipality were Eastern Orthodox Christians (71.38%).[citation needed]

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Municipality

Census year Total Serbs Bosniaks Croats Yugoslavs Others
1991 30,996 21,349 (68.87%) 5,571 (17.97%) 1,246 (4.01%) 1,642 (5.29%) 1,188 (3.83%)
1981 30,372 18,123 (59.67%) 4,405 (14.50%) 2,309 (7.60%) 4,154 (13.67%) 1,381 (4.54%)
1971 29,024 19,362 (66.71%) 4,846 (16.69%) 3,350 (11.54%) 424 (1.46%) 1,042 (3.60%)

Town (itself)

Census year Total Serbs Bosniaks Croats Yugoslavs Others
1991 21,870 14,915 (68.19%) 4,228 (19.33%) 347 (1.58%) 1,470 (6.72%) 910 (4.18%)

Sports

The local football club, FK Leotar Trebinje, plays in the Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Settlements of Trebinje municipality, 1991.

total: 178

Aranđelovo, Arbanaška, Arslanagića Most, Baljivac, Baonine, Begović Kula, Belenići, Bihovo, Bijelač, Bijograd, Bioci, Bobovišta, Bodiroge, Bogojević Selo, Borlovići, Brani Do, Brova, Budoši, Bugovina, Cerovac, Cicina, Cicrina, Čavaš, Čopice, Čvaljina, Čvarići, Desin Selo, Diklići, Djedići, Do, Dobromani, Dodanovići, Dolovi, Domaševo, Donja Kočela, Donje Čičevo, Donje Grančarevo, Donje Vrbno, Donji Orahovac, Dračevo, Dražin Do, Drijenjani, Dubljani, Dubočani, Duži, Dvrsnica, Glavinići, Glavska, Gojšina, Gola Glavica, Golubinac, Gomiljani, Gornja Kočela, Gornje Čičevo, Gornje Grančarevo, Gornje Vrbno, Gornji Orahovac, Gorogaše, Grab, Grbeši, Grbići, Grebci, Grkavci, Grmljani, Hum, Ivanica, Janjač, Jasen, Jasenica Lug, Jazina, Jušići, Kalađurđevići, Kijev Do, Klikovići, Klobuk, Konjsko, Korlati, Kotezi, Kovačina, Kraj, Krajkovići, Kremeni Do, Krnjevići, Kučići, Kunja Glavica, Kutina, Lapja, Lastva, Lokvice, Lomači, Lug, Lušnica, Ljekova, Ljubovo, Marić Međine, Mesari, Mionići, Morče, Mosko, Mrkonjići, Mrnjići, Necvijeće, Nenovići, Nevada, Nikontovići, Ograde, Orah, Orahov Do, Orašje Popovo, Orašje Površ, Orašje Zubci, Parojska Njiva, Petrovići, Pijavice, Podosoje, Podstrašivica, Podštirovnik, Podvori, Poljice Čičevo, Poljice Popovo, Prhinje, Pridvorci, Prosjek, Rapti Bobani, Rapti Zupci, Rasovac, Ravno, Rupni Do, Sedlari, Skočigrm, Slavogostići, Slivnica Bobani, Slivnica Površ, Sparožići, Staro Slano, Strujići, Šarani, Šćenica Bobani, Šćenica Ljubomir, Taleža, Todorići, Trebijovi, Trebimlja, Trebinje, Trnčina, Tuli, Tulje, Turani, Turica, Turmenti, Tvrdoš, Ubla, Ugarci, Ukšići, Uskoplje, Uvjeća, Veličani, Velja Gora, Velja Međa, Vladušići, Vlaka, Vlasače, Vlaška, Volujac, Vrpolje Ljubomir, Vrpolje Zagora, Vučija, Vukovići, Začula, Zagora, Zagradinje, Zaplanik, Zavala, Zgonjevo, Žakovo, Ždrijelovići, Željevo and Župa.

In the former Trebinje municipality of the 1991 census, today there are two municipalities: Trebinje in Republic of Srpska and Ravno in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Notable people

References

  • Treasures of Yugoslavia, published by Yugoslaviapublic Beograd, Belgrade 1980

External links

See also

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

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