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Trenčín
City
View to City from Trenčín Castle
Coat of arms
Country  Slovakia
Region Trenčín
District Trenčín
Tourism region Považie
River Váh
Elevation 211 m (692 ft)
Coordinates 48°53′31″N 18°02′12″E / 48.89194°N 18.03667°E / 48.89194; 18.03667
Area 81.996 km2 (31.66 sq mi)
Population 56,760 (2006-12-31)
Density 692 /km2 (1,792 /sq mi)
First mentioned circa 150
Mayor Branislav Celler (SDKÚ)
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 91101
Area code +421-32
Car plate TN
Location in Slovakia
Location in Slovakia
Location in the Trenčín Region
Location in the Trenčín Region
Wikimedia Commons: Trenčín
Statistics: MOŠ/MIS
Website: www.trencin.sk
City centre of Trenčín at night

Trenčín (German: Trentschin; Hungarian: Trencsén) is a city in western Slovakia of the central Váh River valley near the Czech border, around 120 km (75 mi) from Bratislava. It has a population of more than 56,000, which makes it the ninth largest municipality of the country and is the seat of the Trenčín Region and the Trenčín District. It has a medieval castle, standing on a rock above the city.

Contents

Names

Trenčín About this sound pronunciation was first mentioned under Greek name Leukaristos, depicted on the Ptolemy world map around 150 CE. During the course of the Marcomannic Wars between the Roman Empire and Germanic Quadi, the Romans carved an inscription on the rock under the present-day castle in 179 CE and the place was mentioned as Laugaricio. It is the northernmost known presence of the Romans in Central Europe.

The first written mentions in the Middle Ages are from 1111 (as Treinchen) and 1113 (adjective Trenciniensis). The German and Hungarian forms are Trentschin and Trencsén, respectively.

History

The site of Trenčín has been inhabited since time immemorial. Trenčín Castle, a typical medieval fortified castle is situated high on a rock above the city. Trenčín is best known for a Roman inscription on the rock below the Trenčín Castle dating from 179 AD, the era of the Marcomannic Wars, a series of wars between the Roman Empire and the Germanic Quadi. It denotes the site as Laugaricio and is the most northern evidence of the presence of Roman soldiers in central Europe. Trencin is one of the probable locations for the capital of Samo's Empire in the 7th century. Wogastisburg (Vogast castle) was probably located somewhere on the Vah (Vogas) river and was also the site of a decisive battle between the Slavic and Frankish armies in 631.

It is plausible that Trenčín Castle was founded during the Great Moravian era. By the end of the 11th century it had become the administrative centre of Trenčín county. As one of the few stone castles in the Kingdom of Hungary it resisted the disastrous invasion of Mongols in 1241. In 1263 Trenčín was in the possession of Jakab Cseszneky royal swordbearer, but in 1302 King Wenceslas I took it away from the Cseszneky brothers because they were supporting his rival Charles Robert, and donated it to Matthew Csák. Between 1302 and 1321 the castle was the seat of the powerful magnate Matthew Csák who controlled most of what is now present-day Slovakia. Challenging the authority of king Charles Robert, Matthew Csák maintained a large court and pursued his own foreign policy. The Treaty of Trentschin between Bohemia, Hungary, and Poland was signed in the city in 1335.

Trenčín gained a number of privileges during the Middle Ages: In 1324 the inhabitants were freed from paying tolls and the city received free royal town privileges in 1412 from King Sigismund. However during the following decades and centuries there were catastrophes and wars which lasted until the end of the 18th century. During the conflict between the Habsburgs and the supporters of the rival king, János Szapolyai, the town was captured in 1528 by imperial troops. In the 17th century the Ottomans were another threat from the south but they failed to conquer the city. The town then suffered from the Kuruc uprising against the Habsburgs and on 3 August 1708 the Battle of Trenčín took place close to the city. Two years later a plague killed 1,600 inhabitants of the city. Finally, in 1790 the town, along with the castle, was burned down and the castle has been in ruins ever since.

In the 19th century Trenčín flourished, as the railways to Žilina and Bratislava were built and many new enterprises were established, particularly in the textile, food and machine industries, and the town became the hub of the middle Považie (Váh) region. In 1867 Trenčín was downgraded from a "free royal town" to a "town with municipal government" and came under the direct control of the chief of Trenčín county. Trenčín flourished again during the era of the first Czechoslovak republic and became the capital of the Trenčín county again between 1940-1945 when the puppet Slovak Republic was in existence. Shortly after the Slovak National Uprising began, Trenčín was occupied by Nazi Germany and it became the headquarters of the Sicherheitsdienst and the Gestapo and a prison camp was placed there. Trenčín was captured by the Soviet troops on 10 April 1945.

Since 1990, the historical centre of the city has been largely restored and since 1996 it has been the seat of Trenčín Region and Trenčín District.

Geography

Trenčín lies at an altitude of 362 metres (1,188 ft) above sea level and covers an area of 81.996 square kilometres (31.7 sq mi).[1] It lies in the Trenčín Basin of north-western Slovakia, which is surrounded by the Strážov Mountains, Považský Inovec and White Carpathians, with the last mentioned being a protected area. The Váh River flows in the north-south axis.

Climate

Trenčín lies in the north temperate zone and has a continental climate with four distinct seasons. It is characterized by a significant variation between hot summers and cold, snowy winters.

Weather data for Trenčín
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average high °C (°F) 2
(35)
4
(40)
10
(49)
16
(60)
21
(70)
24
(75)
26
(79)
26
(79)
21
(70)
15
(59)
7
(45)
3
(37)
Average low °C (°F) -4
(25)
-3
(26)
0
(33)
4
(40)
9
(49)
12
(54)
14
(56)
14
(57)
10
(50)
6
(43)
2
(35)
-2
(28)
Precipitation cm (inches) 1.78
(0.70)
2.11
(0.83)
2.15
(0.85)
3.15
(1.24)
3.83
(1.51)
4.90
(1.93)
4.83
(1.90)
3.53
(1.39)
4.05
(1.59)
2.89
(1.14)
3.09
(1.22)
2.85
(1.12)
Source: MSN Weather[2] 2008-01-18

Tourism and sights

Trenčín Castle

The city is dominated by Trenčín Castle, which is the third-largest castle in Slovakia. Trenčín Castle is divided into upper and lower sections, with extensive fortifications. The upper castle has several palace buildings which surround the central medieval tower, which remains the highest point of the city. Below the castle, on the hillside, is the old parish church and a small upper square which is reached by historic covered stairs as well as by winding side streets. The old town has a large main square, with a large baroque church and a variety of shops, as well as a town tower.

Pohoda, the most visited music festival in Slovakia,[3] has been organized in Trenčín since 1997. As of 2008, it takes place at the Trenčín Airport.

Economy

Seagle Air has its head office in Trenčín.[4]

Demographics

Hotel Tatra under the Trenčín Castle

In 2005 the city had a population of 56,750.In 2009 Trenčín has a population 60 012. The population density was 692/km². According to the 2001 census the religious makeup was: 65.8% Roman Catholics, 22.3% people with no religious affiliation, and 7.1% Lutherans. 95.3% inhabitants were Slovaks and 2.4% Czechs.[5]

Sport

Football (soccer) club FK AS Trenčín is based in the city and actually plays in the 1.Liga (season 2008/2009). The Ice hockey club HC Dukla Trenčín plays in the Slovak Extraliga and is a four time winner of the domestic league.

Education

Synagogue in Trenčín

Trenčín is the seat of the public Alexander Dubček University with 7,140 students, including 110 doctoral students.[6] and of private College of Management in Trenčín with 1,275 students.[7]. The city's system of primary education consists of nine public schools and one religious primary school, enrolling in overall 4,623 pupils.[8] Secondary education is represented by five gymnasia with 1,974 students,[9], 5 specialized high schools with 1,892 students,[10] and 6 vocational schools with 3,975 students.[11][12]

Transport

Trenčín lies near the main Slovak motorway and is an important stop on the main railway line from Bratislava to Žilina and Košice. Roads from the city also lead into the Czech Republic and Prievidza/Nitra. Railway tracks from the aforementioned cities end in Trenčín.Trenčín has also a airport.

Territorial division

Trenčín is divided into four main boroughs:

  • Stred (center):Staré mesto, Dolné mesto also Down town, Dlhé Hony, Noviny, Biskupice
  • Juh (south):Juh I-III
  • Sever (north):Sihoť I-IV, Opatová nad Váhom, Pod Sokolice, Kubrá, Kubrica
  • Západ (west):Zámostie, Kvetná, Istebník, Orechové, Zlatovce, Nové Zlatovce, Záblatie

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Roman writing below castle

See also

References

  1. ^ "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. http://www.statistics.sk/mosmis/eng/run.html. Retrieved 2007-05-03.  
  2. ^ "Monthly Averages for Trenčín, Slovakia". MSN. http://weather.msn.com/monthly_averages.aspx?&wealocations=wc%3a33864&setunit=C. Retrieved 18 January 2007.  
  3. ^ "Pohoda wants to be the best, not the largest (Pohoda nechce byť najväčšia, ale najlepšia)". Palo Hlubina, eTREND. April 26, 2008. http://www.etrend.sk/generate_page.php?page_id=133022. Retrieved April 28, 2008.  
  4. ^ "Contact." Seagle Air. Retrieved on 25 October 2009.
  5. ^ Mestská a obecná štatistika SR
  6. ^ "Trenčianska univerzita Alexandra Dubčeka" (in Slovak) (PDF). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. http://www.uips.sk/statis/pdf/VS_P29.PDF. Retrieved 2008-03-03.  
  7. ^ "Vysoká škola manažmentu" (in Slovak) (PDF). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. http://www.uips.sk/statis/pdf/VS_P6.PDF. Retrieved 2008-03-03.  
  8. ^ "Prehľad základných škôl v školskom roku 2006/2007" (in Slovak) (PDF). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. 2006. http://www.uips.sk/statis/pdf/ZS_P3.PDF. Retrieved 2008-03-03.  
  9. ^ "Prehľad gymnázií v školskom roku 2006/2007" (in Slovak) (PDF). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. http://www.uips.sk/statis/pdf/GYM_P3.PDF. Retrieved 2008-03-03.  
  10. ^ "Prehľad stredných odborných škôl v školskom roku 2006/2007" (in Slovak) (PDF). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. http://www.uips.sk/statis/pdf/SOS_P2.PDF. Retrieved 2008-03-03.  
  11. ^ "Prehľad združených stredných škôl v školskom roku 2006/2007" (in Slovak) (PDF). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. http://www.uips.sk/statis/pdf/ZSS_P3.PDF. Retrieved 2008-03-03.  
  12. ^ "Prehľad stredných odborných učilíšť a učilíšť v školskom roku 2006/2007" (in Slovak) (PDF). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. http://www.uips.sk/statis/pdf/SOU_P3.PDF. Retrieved 2008-03-03.  

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Trenčín [1] is an old town in Western Slovakia. It is a beautiful old historic city, with a population of over 50,000.

Understand

Trenčín is the main city of the western part of Slovakia called “Považie”. It lies on the longest Slovak river called the “Váh”. Because of its importance and beauty, Trencin is called “the pearl of Povazie”. Trenčín is a peaceful city with a beautiful historical centre and several suburbs. The Trenčín hockey team belongs to the best of Slovak hockey clubs, and its soccer team is in the top league as well. Generally, Trenčín is one of the wealthiest cities in Slovakia with low unemployment and quite a high standard of living. Because of its position between the mountain chains, it is likely to have windy weather. Winters are quite long, and summers are not the warmest when compared to the Slovak average temperatures. Because of new investors and a wide number of new construction projects these days, Trenčín is redeveloping itself into a new regional tourist centre in Slovakia.

Get in

By car

Trenčín is situated in the north-west of Slovakia, 120 kilometres north of Bratislava, close to the border with the Czech Republic. The main highway from Bratislava to Kosice, which is in some parts still in progress, has a direct exit to the centre of Trenčín. When taking the D1 highway from Bratislava it shouldn't be more than a one hour trip. Traveling by car to Kosice from Trenčín takes about four hours, while Banska Bystrica, which is in the middle of Slovakia, is two hours drive away.

By train

You can take one of the frequent trains from Bratislava to Trenčín, as it is on the national main line. It takes about one hour and forty minutes to reach Trencin from Bratislava. The trip further east to Kosice takes from 3.5 to 4.5 hours depending on which kind of train you take.

By bus

Because of the location of Trenčín in relation to other surrounding destinations, it has many buses going through it. The trip to Bratislava from Trenčín takes about two hours (the train is a better option), to Banska Bystrica takes about three hours (a bus is the fastest way) and if you want to travel to Kosice, take the train.

  • Trenčín Castle

Trenčín castle is very old.

  • Executioner's House, Matusova Ul. 14;
  • Beckov Castle

Beckov Castle is a local castle ruin. It is easily reachable by bike from Trenčín.

Do

Sports

Bike Trips

  • Hradza on the Vah

The Hradza is a levee along the Vah river. The path is used by walkers, bikers, and rollerbladers.

  • Brezina

The Brezina is forest which runs around the south-east of Trenčín just two minutes by walk from the city centre. It contains number of very nice, quiet and safe trails also good for biking.

Squash

On the part of the town called “Ostrov”, which is situated on the Vah river, are many choices of sport and leisure activities. Here is also The Sports Indoor Centre, providing many sports including squash. tel. 032/744 44 47

  • Municipal indoor swimming pool - Mládežnícka 3, tel. 032/ 744 36 22

Tennis

  • Tennis courts – Karpatská ulica, open daily during the summer season. Tel. 0905 981 257
  • Tichá ulička – Tel. 0905 626 523
  • Ostrov – open daily during the Summer season, Tel. 0908 526 943

Fitness

  • Fitness Gabrhel - Opatovská cesta 676, tel. 032/743 15 03
  • Fitness Gabrhel - Gen. Svobodu 1, tel. 032/640 07 52
  • Fit Centrum - club - Šnajdr - Mládežnícka, tel. 032/743 14 35
  • Body building P + D Jarábek - Lavičková 3472, tel. 0903 220 080

Swimming

  • Outdoor swimming pool - Mládežnícka 2, tel. 032/743 27 44
  • Outdoor swimming pool - Zlatovská cesta, tel. 032/652 30 74
  • Municipal indoor swimming pool - Mládežnícka 3, tel. 032/ 743 48 13

Canoeing

There is possibility to go canoeing on the Vah river during the Summer season. You can also lend canoe at the "Ostrov".

Cultural activities

Cinema

  • Cinemax - ZOC MAX, it is a complex consisted of four cinemas in one shopping centre called Max on the Stefanikova street.
  • Metro – Cinema in the heart of the city on the main square. They use to play non-commercial movies from different countries worldwide.

Art Museums

  • Galeria M. A. Bazovskeho,Palackeho Ulica 27
  • Municipal gallery, Mierové námestie 22. Gallery hosts naive and professional artists from Trencin region.
  • Trenčín Museum, Mierové námestie 46. Museum is situated just at the beginning of the main square coming from hotel Tatra by the left hand. It is generally presenting the history of Trencin and has nice exposition of animals as well. Music undertakings often provided.
  • Pohoda Music Festival [[2]]

This is the big event that everyone looks forward to.

Buy

Fashion is a synonym to city Trenčín in the past it was called “Trenčín town of fashion”; this wonderful town has many nice small shops and big shopping malls. Small classical shops are surrounded in the town centre. A lot of nice shops create a nice look to the square. Both shopping and sightseeing could be done in the town centre.

  • Max –gen. M.R. Štefánika 426, there are a lot of cafés and small shops, located 1km from the train and bus station.
  • Baumax, Big Boxes and Tesco - Električná 911 01 Trenčín, are on the other side of the town. There are some good shops, and also cheap ones. But my recommendation is to go to the square.
  • Južanka Shopping Centre – it is located in the part of town which is called “Juh”.

Laugaricio- the new shopping centrum. There are a lot of sport shops and there are also shops with clothes and a lot of cafés and restaurants.

Eat

In Trenčín there are many good places where you can eat, there are some really good fast foods in the town centre, and you can have their national specialties in a roll, such as “Cigánska pečienka”, which pork roast on the split in the roll.

  • U Sanera this restaurant is very popular because they are serving huge portions of meal for good price, but they are cooking only Slovak meals
  • Gazdovska very popular restaurant in the centre near “Peace Square”
  • Cinema Movies Club it is restaurant and dancing club too, advantage is that they are serving meals during the night
  • Papa´s Garden located near the fountain of waterman, they are serving meals like Kebab, Gyros and so on…
  • Basta this restaurant is located on the place called “Ostrov (island)” and only this one restaurant is opened all day and all night.
  • Giacomo Pizzeria typical Italian pizza with everything what belongs to it, they are also serving pasta and salads. This pizzeria is very close to Restaurant U Sanera.
  • Retro Restaurant[3] Very clean, good service, they have very good meals and the prices are quite good, also every weekend there's live music.
  • Restaurant Fatima is on the way up to the Castle, very nice
  • The Tatra Hotel is absolutely excellent it has never been out of the top 10 hotels in Slovakia and does an very nice all you can eat breakfast for 150 Kc

Drink

Although Trenčín is a small city, there are many places where you can drink. The season begins on Friday and Saturday when many people drive out to centre to undergo some entertainment.

  • Life Music small pub with good background, students are meeting there especially on Friday and Saturday
  • Steps Pub and Cocktail Bar – http:/www.stepspub.com/ located near the town tower pub for “higher class” hockey players and other people like this, no fee during weekends, best sound and light system, drinks are quite expensive, but nobody under 18.
  • Cinema Movies Club – very good place for entertainment on Friday and Saturday, during the week it is the restaurant. No entrance fee to disco, drinks are cheap, and also society is middle class.

Tea Rooms

One big Tea room is located on the Mierové Square opposite to the Church, which is also a shop with tea stuff. There is one very good tea – Tea of Old Touaregs, green tea made from gun powder.

Čajovňa Jaipur is an oriental themed tea-house on the other side of the clocktower near the tourist info center on Hviezdoslavova 8. It has a pleasant atmosphere and friendly staff, delicious tea, non-alcoholic cocktails and sheesha pipes. They often have live music, and there is a terrace for pleasant evenings.

Sleep

Trenčín is a small town, but there are a lot of places with accommodation, 4 hotels and several lodging houses

  • Penzion u Svorada, Location of this Lodging house is in the middle of the Peace square, this is used by low category tourists and also prices is low.
  • Ostrov camping, basic camping situated near the lake Vah, Swimming pool and Sport Hall is close to that camp. It is good for anglers, fishermen, and people with boats and water scooters
  • Harmonia [4] very small and very close to main road also has a kitchen but it has only *** site
  • Formula [7] Nice Lodging house with good kitchen near the City University
  • Magnolia [8] Very nice outside of town centre also with kitchen
  • Hotel Pod hradom*** [12], Matúšova ulica 12/68 situated behind the “Mierove Square” it is close to the castle.
  • Hotel Brezina** [13] Somer a.s., Lesopark Brezina 911 00, this hotel is located in the Brezina forest, it is surrounded with beautiful nature
  • Hotel Tatra****, M. R. Štefánika 2, [14]. National Monument, hotel was built in the year 1900, hotel provide high quality services, accommodation and alimentation for higher prices, hotel is also famous for the message which kept Roman forces in the past, about 200AD.
  • Grand Hotel***, Palackého 24 close to the "Peace Square"
  • Internetova kaviaren, Braneckého 6; Hours: Monday - Friday 9 AM - 10 PM, 12 PM - 10 PM.
  • Internet Modra linka, Štúrovo námestie 11; Hours: Monday - Saturday: 10 AM - 10 PM, Sunday: 12 PM - 10 PM
  • Hajex Cafe, Palackého 17; Hours: Monday - Friday: 10 AM - 9 PM, Saturday: Closed, Sunday: 3 PM - 9 PM.

Stay safe

Trencin is quite a silent town it is very safe by European and American standards; there is not so much crime like in other parts of world, police is highly respected in town and could be met very often in downtown. But only one recommendation, stay safe of pickpockets or thieves. Take care of your wallet if you are in the bus, train and in crowded place.

Cope

Slovaks are very popular for they hospitality for foreign people. They are also well known in world for they adaptability and kindness, but if you have any problem try to ask them nowadays many Slovaks speak English or other foreign language and they will be glad to help you if not try to call 112(police, first aid, and firefighter).

Get out

There are many interesting places around Trenčín where you can go:

  • Trenčianske Teplice: very quiet international spa town, many foreign tourists visit this small town
  • Beckov old ruins of great castle
  • Lešná, near town Zlín in Czech Republic there is very big Zoo, and it is popular because of animals being free in the wild
  • Inovec highest hill in mountains around Trenčín nice panorama view and also good place for skiing
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