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Provincia autonoma di Trento
Autonome Provinz Trient
Trentino CoA.svg
Nation  Italy
Region Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
Capital(s) Trento
Area 6,207 km2
Population (2006) 507,030
Density 82 inhab./km2
Comuni 223
Vehicle Registration TN
Postal Code 38100
Telephone Prefix 0461, 0462, 0463, 0464, 0465
ISTAT 022
President Lorenzo Dellai (UpT)
Executive PDUpTUDC
Last elections 2008
Trento posizione.png
Map highlighting the location of the province of Trento in Italy

The Province of Trento (Italian: Provincia autonoma di Trento, German: Autonome Provinz Trient), [1] often referred simply as Trentino, is an autonomous province of Italy).[2 ] In the local languages, typically the word Trentin is used. The territory of the province equals to southern part of historic Trentino region (Italian: Trentino tirolese, German: Welschtirol).[3][4]

The Province of Trento is one of the two provinces which make up Italy's region of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, which itself is an autonomous region. The province is divided into 223 comuni (municipalities).[5] Its capital is the city of Trento. The province has an area of 6,207 km² and a total population of 507,030 (2006). The region is renowned for its mountains, such as the Dolomites, which compose a significant section of the Alps.

Contents

Etymology

The name Trentino derives from the capital city of the province, Trento. Originally, the term was used by the local population only to refer to the city itself and its immediate surroundings, while the common name for the whole region under Austrian rule was Welschtirol. [6] In this wider sense, Trentino was first coined around 1848 in an article by a cleric member of the Frankfurt National Assembly, and henceforward became popular among leftist intellectual circles. [6]

Geography

The Marmolada glacier

The Province of Trento is an almost entirely mountainous province with a main valley crossing it in its center. This valley is called Valle dell'Adige (Adige Valley), named after the Adige river flowing within it. The principal towns of Trentino lay on the Adige Valley as it is the largest one and has been a historical passage connecting Italy with Northern Europe. Among other important valleys are Val di Non, known for its apple production, Val di Sole, Val Giudicarie, which has been historically contended by Trento and Brescia, Val di Fiemme and many others.

The province has an area of 6,214 km², and a total population of 507,030 (2006). There are 223 comuni (singular: comune), in the province[2].

Politics

Administratively, the province enjoys a large degree of autonomy in the following sectors: health, education, welfare and transport infrastructure. The provincial council comprises 35 members, one of which must by law be drawn from the Ladin minority. The president of the provincial council alternates with the President of the province of Bolzano-Bozen as president of the Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol region. In the last elections in 2008, the strongest party became the Democratic Party (Partito Democratico del Trentino) with 8 deputies, Union for Trentino (7), Lega Nord Trentino (6), The People of Freedom (5), Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party (3), Divina Civic List (2), Greens and Democrats of Trentino (1), Ladin Autonomist Union (1), Italy of Values (1) and Administer Trentino (1).

Administration

Due the division of the territory into the 223 comuni, often of small or even tiny size, in the late 1970s larger units called comprensori ("communities") were introduced. The council of each comprensorio is elected by the comuni forming it. However, this tier of government has provoked criticism, and a reform is underway, aiming at the creation of 16 more homogenous "Valley Communities".

Cathedral Square in Trento.

The current comprensori have the following (population data as of December 31, 2004):

Comprensorio Capital Area Population Location
C1 Val di Fiemme Cavalese 415 km² 18.990 Eastern Trentino, Avisio Valley
C2 Primiero Fiera di Primiero 413 km² 9,959 Eastern Trentino, Cismon and Vanoi Valleys
C3 Bassa Valsugana e Tesino Borgo Valsugana 578 km² 26,167 Eastern Trentino, Brenta Valley and Tesino
C4 Alta Valsugana Pergine Valsugana 394 km² 48,342 Eastern Trentino, Brenta and Fersina valleys
C5 Valle dell'Adige Trento 656 km² 166,394 Central Trentino
C6 Val di Non Cles 596 km² 37,832 Western Trentino, Noce Valley
C7 Val di Sole Malè 609 km² 15,235 Western Trentino, Noce Valley
C8 Valli Giudicarie Tione 1,176 km² 36,282 Western Trentino, Sarca and Chiese Valleys
C9 Alto Garda e Ledro Riva del Garda 353 km² 44,288 Southern Trentino
C10 Vallagarina Rovereto 694 km² 84,781 Southern Trentino meridionale, Adige Valley
C11 Ladino di Fassa Vigo di Fassa 318 km² 9,276 Eastern Trentino, Avisio valley

As of May 31, 2005, the only comuni with a population over 20,000 were Trento and Rovereto.

Economy

Despite the overwhelmingly mountainous nature of the territory, agriculture remains important. Farms often join together to form larger cooperatives. The most important produce comprises: apples (50% of national production, together with South Tyrol) and other fruit, vegetables (mainly in the Val di Gresta) and grape: important especially for its quality, the latter is used for the production of renowned wines and sparkling wines.

Roadmap of Trentino.
A view of Lake Garda from the Riva del Garda.

The main industries, often small- and medium-sized, are concentrated in Valsugana, Vallagarina and the Adige Valleys. Sectors include textiles, mechanics, wood and paper productions. Also important is the production of hydro-electric energy.

Tourism is the mainstay of the provincial economy. The main resorts include: Madonna di Campiglio, San Martino di Castrozza, Fiera di Primiero, Canazei, Moena, Cavalese, Folgaria, Folgarida-Marilleva, Riva del Garda and Levico Terme, Comano Terme and Roncegno, these last three being renowned thermal stations.

Transport links

The Region of Trentino is crossed by the main road and rail connections between Italy and Germany. These include the Brenner A22 motorway and road which passes through the Etsch/Adige Valley. A regional project of switching much of the road traffic to railways is currently under consideration, including the construction of a tunnel under the Brenner Pass.

The province has two more railways: the Valsugana Line, connecting Trento to Venice and the Trento-Malè-Marilleva.

Linguistic minorities

The province of Trento is home to three linguistic minorities, protected by the regional and provincial statutes. The most numerous is the Ladin minority in the Fassa Valley (comuni of Campitello di Fassa, Canazei, Mazzin, Moena, Pozza di Fassa, Soraga, Vigo di Fassa). The German Mócheno language is spoken in the comuni of Frassilongo, Fierozzo and Palù del Fersina, while the Cimbrian language is spoken in Luserna.[2 ]

History

The history of Trentino begins in the mid-Stone Age the valleys of what is now Trentino were already inhabited by man, the main settlements being in the valley of the Adige River, thanks for its milder climate.

Research in agriculture

The Province of Trento, since January 2008, has established the Edmund Mach Foundation to enhance the research, training and services in the agricultural, agri-food and environmental field.

References

See also

External links

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also trentino

Contents

English

Proper noun

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Singular
Trentino

Plural
-

Trentino

  1. The province of Trento, in north-east Italy, that forms part of the region of Trentino-Alto Adige

Italian

Proper noun

Wikipedia-logo.png
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Trentino

Wikipedia it

Trentino

  1. Trentino

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