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Triakis octahedron
Triakis octahedron
(Click here for rotating model)
Type Catalan solid
Face type isosceles triangle
Faces 24
Edges 36
Vertices 14
Vertices by type 8{3}+6{8}
Face configuration V3.8.8
Symmetry group Oh
or *432
Dihedral angle 147°21'0"
 \arccos ( -\frac{3 + 8\sqrt{2}}{17} )
Properties convex, face-transitive
Truncated hexahedron.png
Truncated cube
(dual polyhedron)
Triakis octahedron Net
Net

In geometry, a triakis octahedron is an Archimedean dual solid, or a Catalan solid. Its dual is the truncated cube.

It can be seen as an octahedron with triangular pyramids added to each face, and is also sometimes called a trisoctahedron, or, more fully, trigonal trisoctahedron. Both names reflect the fact that it has three triangular faces for every face of an octahedron. The tetragonal trisoctahedron is another name for the deltoidal icositetrahedron, a different polyhedron with three quadrilateral faces for every face of an octahedron.

This convex polyhedron is topologically similar to the concave stellated octahedron. They have the same face connectivity, but the vertices are in different relative distances from the center.

It is also called the small triakis octahedron, so as to differentiate it from the great triakis octahedron, the dual of the stellated truncated hexahedron.

If its shorter edges have length 1, its surface area is 3\sqrt{7+4\sqrt{2}} and its volume is \frac{1}{2}(3+2\sqrt{2}).

Cultural references

References

  • Williams, Robert (1979). The Geometrical Foundation of Natural Structure: A Source Book of Design. Dover Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-486-23729-X.  (Section 3-9)
  • Wenninger, Magnus (1983), Dual Models, Cambridge University Press, MR730208, ISBN 978-0-521-54325-5  (The thirteen semiregular convex polyhedra and their duals, Page 17, Triakisoctahedron)
  • The Symmetries of Things 2008, John H. Conway, Heidi Burgiel, Chaim Goodman-Strass, ISBN 978-1-56881-220-5 [1] (Chapter 21, Naming the Archimedean and Catalan polyhedra and tilings, page 284, Triakis octahedron )

External links

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