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Tribhuvandas Kishibhai Patel (October 22, 1903 in Anand, Gujarat), was the founder of the Kaira District Co-operative Milk Producers' Union in 1946, and later the Amul co-operative movement in Anand, Gujarat, India.



Born on October 22, 1903, in Anand, Gujarat, to Kishibhai Patel, Tribhuvadas became a follower of Mahatama Gandhi and Vallabhai Patel during the Indian independence movement, and especially the civil disobedience movements, which led to his repeated imprisonment in 1930, 1935 and 1942.[1]

He is known as the father of the cooperative movement in India and also known as the father of white revolution in India.

By the late 1940s, he started working with farmers in Kheda district, with the guidance of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, and after setting it the Union, he hired a young manager named Verghese Kurien in 1950, who has since become synonymous with Amul, for his leadership of the co-operative movement, till 2005[2].

Tribhovandas Patel was awarded the 1963 Ramon Magsaysay Award for 'Community Leadership', together with Dara N. Khurody, and Verghese Kurien. [1], and the Padma Bhushan from the Govt. of India in 1964 [3].

He remained Secretary/President of the Pradesh Congress Committee (PCC), Indian National Congress (Congress I), and also a member of Rajya Sabha twice, 1967-1968 and 1968 -1974 from the party[4].

Awards and honours

Personal life

He was married to Shrimati Mani Laxmi, and had six sons and a daughter.

Further reading


  1. ^ a b Biography of Tribhuvandas K. Patel Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation Official website.
  2. ^ Amul : Evolution of Marketing Strategy Marketing Case Studies.
  3. ^ Awards Official listings Govt. of India Portal.
  4. ^ Previous Members Profile Rajya Sabha Official website."21/07/1967 - 02/04/1968 and 03/04/1968 - 02/04/1974, Gujarat, INC."

External links



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