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Poseidon sculpture holding a trident

A trident (pronounced /ˈtrаɪdənt/), also called a leister or gig, is a three-pronged spear. It is used for spear fishing and was formerly also a military weapon. Tridents are featured widely in mythical, historical and modern culture. The sea god Poseidon or Neptune is classically depicted bearing a trident.

Note that a trident is not a pitchfork. A pitchfork is an agricultural tool with two to six tines (also called prongs) which are shaped in such a way that they can be used to lift and pitch (throw) loose material.

Contents

Etymology

The word "trident" comes from the French trident, which in turn comes from the Latin tridens or tridentis: tri "three" and dentes "teeth". Several Indian languages use a similar word for "trident", trishula(tri-three + shool-thorn), derived from Sanskrit, meaning "triple spear". The Greek equivalent is τρίαινα, tríaina, from Proto-Greek *trianja, threefold, cognate with the Latin triens.

Biology

A number of structures in the biological world are described as trident in appearance. Since at least the late 19th century the trident shape was applied to certain botanical shapes; for example, certain orchid flora were described as having trident-tipped lips in early botanical works.[1] Furthermore, in current botanical literature, certain bracts are stated to have a trident-shape (e.g. Douglas-fir).[2]

Fishing

Tridents for fishing usually have barbed tines which trap the speared fish firmly. In the Southern and Midwestern United States, gigging is used for harvesting chinkens suckers, bullfrogs, flounder, and many species of rough fish.

Military use

Mosaic, 4th century BC, showing a retiarius or "net fighter", with a trident and cast net, fighting a secutor.

As a weapon, the trident was prized for its long reach and ability to trap other long-weapons between prongs to disarm their wielder. In Ancient Rome, in a parody of fishing, tridents were famously used by a type of gladiator called a retiarius or "net fighter". The retiarius was traditionally pitted against a secutor, and cast a net to wrap his adversary and then used the trident to kill him.[3]

In Alphabets

The arabic letter shin (letter) is the same shape as a trident. The english alphabet W is also similar in shape to a trident. Furthermore the english alphabet E when placed on its base takes the shape of a trident.

Symbolic use

Parallel to its fishing origins, the trident is associated with Poseidon, the god of the sea in Greek mythology, the Roman god Neptune, and Shiva, a Hindu God who holds a trident in his hand. In Greek myth, Poseidon used his trident to create water sources in Greece and the horse (from sea foam in a contest for the name of Athens). Poseidon, as well as being god of the sea, was also known as the "Earth Shaker" because when he struck the earth in anger he caused mighty earthquakes and he used his trident to stir up tidal waves, tsunamis and sea storms. In Roman myth, Neptune also used a trident to create new bodies of water and cause earthquakes. A good example can be seen in Gian Bernini's Neptune and Triton.

A trident also has references as:

See also

Notes

  1. ^ John Lindley and Thomas Moore (1964) The Treasury of Botany: A Popular Dictionary of the Vegetable Kingdom with which is Incorporated a Glossary of Botanical Terms, Published by Longmans Green, pt.1
  2. ^ C. Michael Hogan (2008) Douglas-fir: Pseudotsuga menziesii, globalTwitcher.com, ed. Nicklas Strõmberg)
  3. ^ Roland Auguet [1970] (1994). Cruelty and Civilization: The Roman Games. London: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-10452-1.

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

TRIDENT (Lat. tridens, tri-, tres, three and dens, tooth), a three-toothed or three-pronged fork or spear. It is and has been from primitive times the typical instrument for spearing fish, the Scottish "leister" (Norw. ljoster), and was thus taken as the badge or emblem of the Greek Poseidon, the god of the sea. In Homer (df. Il. xii. 27; Od. lv. 506 seq.) Poseidon is armed with the zpiacva (another word is Tpcolous, cf. Pind. 01. ix. 45). The trident as the symbol of the sovereignty of the sea is found as early as Archilochus (c. 700 B.C.); a more familiar example 1 s to be found in Aristophanes (Eq. 839). The emblematical figure of Britannia holds the trident as mistress of the sea. In the gladiatorial shows of ancient Rome the retiarius was armed with a trident as a weapon.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010
(Redirected to trident article)

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Wikipedia

Etymology

From Latin tridēns, from trēs (three) + dēns (tooth).

Noun

Singular
trident

Plural
tridents

trident (plural tridents)

  1. A three-pronged spear somewhat resembling a pitchfork.
    Poseidon's trident

Translations

Anagrams


French

Noun

trident m. (plural tridents)

  1. Trident







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