Tring: Wikis

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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 51°47′46″N 0°39′33″W / 51.7962°N 0.6592°W / 51.7962; -0.6592

Tring
Tring is located in Hertfordshire
Tring

 Tring shown within Hertfordshire
Area  36.21 km2 (13.98 sq mi)
Population 11,635 [1]
    - Density  321 /km2 (830 /sq mi)
OS grid reference SP924117
District Dacorum
Shire county Hertfordshire
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town TRING
Postcode district HP23
Dialling code 01442
Police Hertfordshire
Fire Hertfordshire
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament South West Hertfordshire
List of places: UK • England • Hertfordshire

Tring is a small market town in the Chiltern Hills in Hertfordshire, England. Situated 30 miles (48 km) north-west of London and linked to London by the old Roman road of Akeman Street, by the modern A41, by the Grand Union Canal and by rail lines to Euston Station, Tring is now largely a commuter town in the London commuter belt.

Contents

Geography

Tring is positioned in northwest Hertfordshire, at a low point in the Chiltern Hills, known as the Tring Gap, which has been used as a crossing point since ancient times, being at the junction of the Icknield Way and under the Romans Akeman Street, the major Roman road linking London to Cirencester. It is transected east and west by the ancient earthwork cal;led Grim's Dyke.[2] It is located at the summit level of the Grand Union Canal and both the canal and railway pass through in deep cuttings. Tring railway cutting is 4 km (2.5 mi) long and an average of 12 m (39 ft) deep and is celebrated in a series of coloured lithographs by John Cooke Bourne showing its construction in the 1830s.[3]

The four Tring reservoirs – Wilstone, Tringford, Startops End, and Marsworth – were built to supply water for the canal. These have been a national nature reserve since 1955, and identified as a Site of Special Scientific Interest since 1987.[4] Nearby, within the Chilterns Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty[5] that almost surrounds the town, is the Ashridge Estate, part of the National Trust and home to Ashridge Business School.

Tring railway station is about two miles from the town. The town's bypass from 1973 until 1987 was the former A41(M) motorway now down graded to be part of the A41 trunk road.

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Climate

Tring experiences an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb) similar to almost all of the United Kingdom.

Climate data for Tring
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6
(43)
7
(45)
10
(50)
12
(54)
16
(61)
19
(66)
21
(70)
22
(72)
18
(64)
14
(57)
9
(48)
6
(43)
13
(55)
Average low °C (°F) 3
(37)
3
(37)
4
(39)
5
(41)
8
(46)
10
(50)
12
(54)
13
(55)
11
(52)
8
(46)
5
(41)
3
(37)
7
(45)
Precipitation mm (inches) 69.3
(2.73)
59.4
(2.34)
46.5
(1.83)
70.1
(2.76)
58.1
(2.29)
58.9
(2.32)
46.0
(1.81)
68.9
(2.71)
51.7
(2.04)
84.3
(3.32)
93.9
(3.7)
80.9
(3.19)
788.0
(31.02)
Source: [6] 2009-05-23
Tring High Street, 19th century

History

The village straddles the Roman road called Akeman Street, which runs through it as the High Street.

The Manor of Treunga is described in the Domesday survey of 1086.[7] In 1682 the mansion of Tring Park designed by Sir Christopher Wren was built for the owner Colonel Guy, Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to Charles II.[8] A later tenant was Lawrence Washington, great-grandfather of George Washington, first President of the USA.

In the late 19th century the estate became the home of the Rothschild family, whose influence on the town was considerable. Nathan Mayer Rothschild's son Lionel Walter Rothschild (2nd Lord Rothschild) built a private zoological museum in Tring which, as The Walter Rothschild Zoological Museum, has been part of the Natural History Museum since 1937. In April 2007 the museum changed its name to the Natural History Museum at Tring in order to make people more aware of the museum's link to London's Natural History Museum.

The 2nd Lord Rothschild also released the edible dormouse into Tring Park. He used to ride around the town in a zebra-drawn carriage [9] and the town's symbol has been the head of a zebra ever since.

Gerald Massey – poet, literary critic, Egyptologist and Spiritualist – was born nearby at Gamnel Wharf, New Mill, on the Wendover Branch of the Grand Union Canal. Goldfield Mill is a converted windmill in Tring.

The former livestock market in Tring, redeveloped in 2005, was believed to be the last remaining example of its type in the UK[citation needed]. It is now the home of weekly Friday Market and fortnightly Saturday farmers Market. Some of the former livestock pens have been retained.

View over Tring, looking north
Tring Park

In 2008 Tring became a Transition Town with the support of Tring Town Council

Sport

Tring Sports Centre is in the grounds of Tring School.

Tring is the former home town of Premiership referee and 2003 FA Cup Final referee Graham Barber, now retired in Spain. It is also home to the retired FA and World Cup referee Graham Poll.

Tring is home to two football clubs, Tring Athletic and Tring Corinthians, both of which play in the Spartan South Midlands Football League, and to a youth football club, Tring Tornadoes, which field sides for boys and girls up to 16. It is also home to a rugby club, Tring Rugby Union Football Club, which won promotion to London Division One in 2008, and Tring Park Cricket Club, in the Home Counties Premier League.

Local economy

There is a Tesco on London Road, a Co-op on Silk Mill Way[10] and a Marks & Spencer food store in Dolphin Square that opened on 9 October 2007.

Tring brewery has been operating in Tring since 1992.

Heygates Mill is a flour mill. Originally it was a windmill, and the company was run by William Mead. The windmill was demolished in 1910 to make way for a wheat storage silo. In those days, Mead lived on site, in a house next to the yard, and owned half the area taken by the mill of today. The remaining space was occupied by boat-builders, Bushell Brothers, who built narrowboats for the canal.

The Heygate family took over Mead’s business in 1945, and today mills 100,000 tons of wheat a year, resulting in 76,000 tons of flour. This is mainly bakers' flour, but there is also a commitment to wholemeal digestive for biscuits, bulk outlets, and a large output of 1.5 kg bags from the pre-packed flour plant.

As in the days of Tring windmill, only two men operate the system - but in those days they milled half a ton per hour, and now, with a computerised installation, more than 12 tons an hour are produced.

Heygate’s Tring mill has 80 employees, and 16 trucks delivering throughout the south of England.

Education

Tring School is a state secondary school with approximately 1,500 pupils (ages 11–18). It is located on Mortimer Hill on the east side of the town. It is now designated a Specialist Humanities College with History, Geography and English as its lead subjects.

Tring Park School for the Performing Arts (formerly known as the Arts Educational School, Tring Park) is an independent specialist performing arts and academic school. It is located in Tring Mansion, Tring Park.

Tring has four state junior schools, Bishop Wood CE Junior School, Dundale Primary and Nursery School, Goldfield Infants and Nursery School and Grove Road Primary School.

Tring has a Youth Club - The Tring Youth Project- for those between 11 and 18 at the Temperance Hall in Christchurch Road

Gallery

References

  1. ^ 2001 Census - Population
  2. ^ Tring with Long Marston', A History of the County of Hertford: volume 2 (1908), pp. 281-294. Date accessed: 11 March 2010
  3. ^ Tring Cutting
  4. ^ Tring Reservoirs
  5. ^ Chilterns Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
  6. ^ "Averages for Tring". http://weather.msn.com/monthly_averages.aspx?wealocations=wc:33907&q=Tring%2c+GBR+forecast:averagesm. 
  7. ^ Tring with Long Marston', A History of the County of Hertford: volume 2 (1908), pp. 281-294. Date accessed: 11 March 2010
  8. ^ Howard Colvin, A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 3rd ed. 1995, s.v. "Wren, Sir Christopher": "probably c. 1680". Remodelled 1872 onwards. A surviving obelisk and temple portico in the park are presumably by James Gibbs, for William Gore (Colvin, s.v. "Gibbs, James").
  9. ^ Zebra-drawn carriage driven by Lord Lionel Walter Rothschild Tring National History Museum Retrieved June 11, 2009
  10. ^ "A silk-mill was set up in Brook Street in 1824" (A History of the County of Hertford, loc.cit.)

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Tring is a town in Hertfordshire, England.

Get in

The main train line from London Euston to Milton Keynes stops at Tring Station. The station is a couple of miles out of the town so you will need to arrange transport from the station into Tring. During the week day commute you can get a bus, otherwise it will be a taxi.

You can also get a bus from Watford or Hemel Hempstead to Aylesbury. There is also a bus to Luton and Dunstable.

Tring is close to the A41, and very accessible by car.

Get around

Tring is small enough that you can walk around. If you want to visit the surrounding area you will need a car.

  • Natural History Museum at Tring, The Walter Rothschild Building, Akeman Street, +44 (0)20 7942 6171, [1]. 10am -5pm Mon-Sat, 2-5pm Sunday. Home to the Natural History Museums bird collection and the Walter Rothschild collection of stuffed animals in a Victorian setting. Free.  edit
  • Local Community Events, [2]. For events in the community the town council web site lists them all  edit
  • Court Theatre at Pendley, Station Road, +44 (0)1442 823130, [3]. Variety of concerts through out the year.  edit
  • Sportspace, Mortimer Hill, +44 (0)1442 228958, [4]. Sports facilities open to the public when not being used by the school  edit

Buy

The shops in Tring tend to be more practical and aimed at people who live and work in the area. For example there is a small bookshop, some interior design related shops, a couple of ironmongers, and a stationers.

  • The Akeman, 9 Akeman Street, +44 (0)1442 826027, [5]. 9am - Midnight. Pub and restaurant at night. Also does coffee, breakfast and lunch.  edit
  • Premier Travel Inn, Tring Hill (On the A41 just outside Tring), +44 (0)8701 977 254, [6]. From £64/night.  edit
  • The Rose and Crown Hotel, High Street (In the centre of Tring), +44 (0)1442 824071, [7].  edit
  • Pendley Manor Hotel, Cow Lane (Between Tring and Tring Station), +44 (0)1442 891891, [8].  edit
  • Walk in the Chilterns along the Ridgeway National Trail.
  • Ashridge Estate, Moneybury Hill, Ringshall, Berkhamsted, +44 (0)1494 755557, [9]. Estate is open all year. Free.  edit
  • Champneys Health Spa, Wigginton, Tring, Herts, +44 (0)8703 300 300, [10].  edit
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

TRING, a market town in the Watford parliamentary division of Hertfordshire, England, 311 m. N.W. by W. from London by the London and North Western railway. Pop. of urban district (1901), 4349. It lies on the western slope of the Chiltern Hills, close to the entrance to a narrow valley which pierces them, and forms one of the highways through them to London, carrying the railway, the Grand Junction Canal, and a main road. The church of St Peter and St Paul shows fine Perpendicular work, especially in the ornate interior of the nave. Industries include straw-plaiting and the weaving of canvas and silk. The Rothschild Museum, erected in 1889, contains air extensive natural history collection. Living wild animals are also kept in a neighbouring paddock and cages. The road which passes through Tring and along the face of the hills represents the ancient Icknield Way, and there may have been a Romano-British village on the site of Tring.


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