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Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Flag Coat of arms
Motto"Together we aspire, together we achieve"
AnthemForged from the Love of Liberty
Capital Port of Spain
10°40′N 61°31′W / 10.667°N 61.517°W / 10.667; -61.517
Largest city San Fernando[1]
Official language(s) English
Ethnic groups  Africans, Indians, Venezuelans, Spaniards, French Creoles, Portuguese, Chinese, Britons, Lebanese, Syrians, Caribs
Demonym Trinidadian, Tobagonian
Government Parliamentary republic
 -  President George Maxwell Richards
 -  Prime Minister Patrick Manning
Legislature Parliament
 -  Upper House Senate
 -  Lower House House of Representatives
Independence
 -  from the United Kingdom 31 August 1962 
Area
 -  Total 5,128 km2 (172nd)
1,978 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
Population
 -  July 2009 estimate 1,299,953 (152nd)
 -  Density 254.4/km2 (49th)
659.2/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate
 -  Total $26.731 billion[2] 
 -  Per capita $20,437[2] 
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate
 -  Total $23.002 billion[2] 
 -  Per capita $17,586[2] 
HDI (2007) 0.814 (high) (57th)
Currency Trinidad and Tobago dollar (TTD)
Time zone (UTC-4)
Drives on the left
Internet TLD .tt
Calling code +1-868
.The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago (pronounced /ˈtrɪnɨdæd ən təˈbeɪɡoʊ/) is an archipelagic state[3] in the southern Caribbean, lying northeast of the South American country of Venezuela and south of Grenada in the Lesser Antilles.^ The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago shall be a sovereign democratic State.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Trinidad and Tobago and a foreign State; b.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Trinidad and Tobago in any other country.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

It shares maritime boundaries with other nations including Barbados to the northeast, Guyana to the southeast, and Venezuela to the south and west.[4][5]
.The country covers an area of 5,128 square kilometres (1,980 sq mi)[6] and consists of two main islands, Trinidad and Tobago, and numerous smaller landforms.^ Trinidad and Tobago in any other country.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The dual island nation of Trinidad & Tobago, famous for its Carnival and eclectic culture, has established the Tourism Development Company of Trinidad & Tobago Limited (TDC) as their tourism agency...

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Two senior management officials of Trinidad and Tobago's Digicel Telecommunications group have resigned, following a reported shake up within the Group.

.Trinidad is the larger and more populous of the main islands; Tobago is much smaller, comprising about 6% of the total area and 4% of the entire population which is estimated at 1.3 million (2005).^ There shall be a Teaching Service Commission for Trinidad and Tobago which shall consist of a Chairman and not more than four other members.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In this Schedule "Trinidad" means the island of Trinidad and its offshore islands, and "Tobago" means the Island of Tobago and its offshore islands.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Police in Tobago have discovered the body of a British national on the island.

The nation lies outside the hurricane belt.
.Trinidad and Tobago was a Spanish colony from the times of Christopher Columbus to 1802, when it was ceded to Britain.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The President of Trinidad and Tobago's Senate, Dr Linda Baboolal, has spoken out in favour of making all Members of Parliament in Trinidad and Tobago full-time.

^ It is time for the people of Trinidad and Tobago to wake up and connect the dots.

^ Each session of Parliament shall be held at such place within Trinidad and Tobago and shall commence at such time as the President may by Proclamation appoint.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The country obtained independence in 1962. Unlike most of the English-speaking Caribbean, Trinidad and Tobago's economy is primarily industrial,[7] with an emphasis on petroleum and petrochemicals.^ Trinidad and Tobago in any other country.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Officials of the gaming industry in Trinidad and Tobago are preparing to take legal action against a decision by Government to crack down on their operation.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The achievement of full employment and an unprecedented level of economy prosperity for nationals are what citizens of Trinidad and Tobago can look forward to in 2006...

.Trinidad and Tobago has a sound macroeconomic framework and a long tradition of institutional stability.^ Houses of Parliament supported by the votes of not less than two-thirds of all the members of each House declaring that democratic institutions in Trinidad and Tobago are threatened by subversion.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

.It scores relatively well in many of the 10 economic freedoms, and its economy has grown at an average rate of close to 7 percent over the past five years.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad (Reuters): The rate of annual inflation in Trinidad reached double digits in October, rising to 10 percent from 9.6 percent the previous month, the fastest pace of price rises in 12 years, the central bank said.

The government has tried to diversify the economic base, and the country has evolved into a key financial center in the Caribbean region.
Trinidad and Tobago is known for its Carnival and was the birthplace of steelpan, calypso, soca, and limbo.[citation needed]

Contents

History

Historian E.L. Joseph claimed that Trinidad’s Amerindian name was Iere, derived from the Arawak name for hummingbird, ierèttê or yerettê. However, Boomert claims that neither cairi nor caeri means hummingbird and tukusi or tucuchi does. Others have reported that kairi and iere simply mean island..July 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Christopher Columbus renamed it "La Ysla de la Trinidad" ("The Island of the Trinity"), fulfilling a vow he had made before setting out on his third voyage of exploration.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Four Tobagoian men have appeared before a Scarborough Magistrate charged in connection with attacking three British golfers on the island.

^ Trinidad and Tobago should be divided in order to give effect to the rules set out in the Second Schedule; or b.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Trinidad's government approached it about building an aluminum smelter in an alternative location to that planned on the island's Cap-de-Ville, denying a report that the project was cancelled.

[8]
Tobago's cigar-like shape may have given it its Spanish name (cabaco, tavaco, tobacco) and possibly its Amerindian names of Aloubaéra (black conch) and Urupaina (big snail) (Boomert, 2000), although the English pronunciation is /təˈbeɪɡoʊ/, rhyming with plumbago and sago.[citation needed]

Trinidad

.Both Trinidad and Tobago were originally settled by Amerindians of South American origin.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Trinidad and Tobago government has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with a US firm for the establishment of an ethylene plant at Point Lisas, South Trinidad.

^ WASHINGTON, USA: Ambassador Marina Valere of Trinidad and Tobago assumed office on Monday as chair of the Organization of American States (OAS) Permanent Council.

.Trinidad was first settled by pre-agricultural Archaic people at least 7,000 years ago, making it the earliest-settled part of the Caribbean.^ Trinidad and Tobago are making their first appearance in the World Cup finals.

^ BREMEN, Germany (AFP): Shaka Hislop may have to settle for a place on the substitutes bench when Trinidad and Tobago make their first-ever World Cup appearance against Sweden in Dortmund on Saturday.

^ Haiti's interim Prime Minister makes first official visit to Trinidad .

.Ceramic-using agriculturalists settled Trinidad around 250 BC and then moved further up the Lesser Antillean chain.^ Yorke will not be used up front, says Trinidad's coach .

.At the time of European contact Trinidad was occupied by various Arawakan-speaking groups including the Nepoya and Suppoya, and Cariban-speaking groups such as the Yao, while Tobago was occupied by the Island Caribs and Galibi.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The President of Trinidad and Tobago's Senate, Dr Linda Baboolal, has spoken out in favour of making all Members of Parliament in Trinidad and Tobago full-time.

^ It is time for the people of Trinidad and Tobago to wake up and connect the dots.

^ Each session of Parliament shall be held at such place within Trinidad and Tobago and shall commence at such time as the President may by Proclamation appoint.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

Store Bay in Tobago, one of the top tourist destinations in the country
.Christopher Columbus encountered the island of Trinidad on 31 July 1498. Antonio de Sedeño first settled Trinidad in the 1530s as a means of controlling the Orinoco and subduing the Warao (Whitehead, 1997).^ Trinidad's government approached it about building an aluminum smelter in an alternative location to that planned on the island's Cap-de-Ville, denying a report that the project was cancelled.

^ In this Schedule "Trinidad" means the island of Trinidad and its offshore islands, and "Tobago" means the Island of Tobago and its offshore islands.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The twin-island Republic of Trinidad and Tobago is observing the 16th anniversary of the attempted coup of July 27 1990.

Cacique Wannawanare (Guanaguanare) granted the St Joseph area to Domingo de Vera e Ibargüen in 1592 and then withdrew to another part of the island (Boomert, 2000). San José de Oruña (St Joseph) was established by Antonio de Berrío on this land. Walter Raleigh arrived in Trinidad on 22 March 1595 and soon attacked San José and captured and interrogated de Berrío obtaining much information from him and from the cacique Topiawari (Whitehead, 1997).
.In the 1700s, Trinidad belonged as an island province to the Viceroyalty of New Spain along with Central America, present-day Mexico and Southwestern United States (Besson, 2000).^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Trinidad and Tobago Army is to get a new Chief of Defence Staff before the end of this week.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The dual island nation of Trinidad & Tobago, famous for its Carnival and eclectic culture, has established the Tourism Development Company of Trinidad & Tobago Limited (TDC) as their tourism agency...

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Special investigators and US FBI officials in Trinidad working along with members of the island's Anti-Kidnapping Squad believe they have cracked a major kidnapping ring that has been operating in the country.

However Trinidad in this period was still mostly forest, populated by a few Spaniards with their handful of slaves and a few thousand Amerindians (Besson, 2000). Spanish colonisation in Trinidad remained tenuous. Because Trinidad was considered underpopulated, Roume de St. Laurent, a Frenchman living in Grenada, was able to obtain a Cédula de Población from the Spanish King Charles III on 4 November 1783.
.This Cédula de Población was more generous than the first of 1776 and granted free lands to Roman Catholic foreign settlers and their slaves in Trinidad willing to swear allegiance to the Spanish king.^ Roman Catholic head in Trinidad condemns attack on Archbishop in St Lucia .

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Thousands of Tobagonians have formed a pressure movement protesting against the sale of land on the island to foreigners.

^ There shall be a Teaching Service Commission for Trinidad and Tobago which shall consist of a Chairman and not more than four other members.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

.July 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed]The land grant was thirty two acres for each man, woman and child and half of that for each slave brought.^ BERLIN, Germany (AFP): Thirty-two teams have qualified for the 2006 World Cup finals which take place in Germany from June 9-July 9.

As a result, Scots, Irish, German, Italian and English families arrived. Protestants benefited from Governor Don José María Chacon's generous interpretation of the law..July 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] The French Revolution (1789) also had an impact on Trinidad's culture as it resulted in the emigration of Martiniquan planters and their slaves to Trinidad who established an agriculture-based economy (sugar and cocoa) for the island.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The dual island nation of Trinidad & Tobago, famous for its Carnival and eclectic culture, has established the Tourism Development Company of Trinidad & Tobago Limited (TDC) as their tourism agency...

[9]
.The population of Port of Spain increased from under 3,000 to 10,422 in five years and the inhabitants in 1797 consisted of people of mixed race, Spaniards, Africans, French republican soldiers, retired pirates and French nobility (Besson, 2000).^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Labour unions in Trinidad and Tobago are threatening to take serious action if steps are not taken soon to increase salaries of the working class.

^ After a break of over three years, officials from the two countries met in Port-of-Spain this week for talks aimed at settling the dispute.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The government of Trinidad and Tobago is due to begin widespread consultation before the end of the year on a proposed new National Draft Constitution for the country.

The total population of Trinidad in 1797 was 17,718; 2,151 of which were of European ancestry, 4,476 were "free blacks and people of colour", 10,009 were slaves and 1,082 Amerindians.
In 1797, General Sir Ralph Abercromby and his squadron sailed through the Bocas and anchored off the coast of Chaguaramas. The Spanish Governor Chacon decided to capitulate without fighting. Trinidad became a British crown colony, with a French-speaking population and Spanish laws (Besson, 2000). The conquest and formal ceding of Trinidad in 1802 led to an influx of settlers from England or the British colonies of the Eastern Caribbean. .The sparse settlement and slow rate of population increase during Spanish rule and even after British rule made Trinidad one of the less populated colonies of the West Indies with the least developed plantation infrastructure [10].^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Traveling from the land of peaches and southern hospitality to the cultural capital of the Caribbean and industrial epicenter of the West Indies is now easier than ever..

^ SYDNEY, Australia (Bloomberg): BHP Billiton, Australia's biggest oil and gas producer, has said it made an oil and gas discovery off the Trinidad coast that may be commercially developed.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: West Indies captain and batting maestro, Brain Lara, launched a cancer treatment centre in his name during a media conference in the Kapok Hotel in Port of Spain, Trinidad, on Wednesday.

Under British rule new estates were created and slave importation increased to facilitate development of the land into highly profitable sugar-cane estates, but mass importation of slaves was still limited and hindered, arguably, by abolitionist efforts in Britain [11],[12]
The Abolitionist movement [11] and/or the decreased economic viability of slavery as a means of procuring labour [12] both resulted in the abolition of slavery in 1833 via Slavery Abolition Act 1833 (citation 3 & 4 Will. IV c. 73), which was followed by its substitution by an "apprenticeship" period. .This was also abolished in 1838 with full emancipation being granted on August 1. An overview of the populations statistics in 1838, however, clearly reveals the contrast between Trinidad and its neighbouring islands: upon Emancipation of the slaves in 1838, Trinidad had only 17,439 slaves, with 80% of slave owners having less than 10 slaves each (pgs.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Caricom leaders have begun gathering in Port of Spain, Trinidad for the 17-Inter-sessional Caricom Heads of government conference to be held at the island's Hilton hotel on February 9-10.

84–85)[12]
In contrast, at twice the size of Trinidad, Jamaica had roughly 360,000 slaves [13]. Upon Emancipation, therefore, the incipient plantation owners were in severe need of labour, and the British filled this need by instituting a system of indenture. Various nationalities were contracted under this system, including Chinese, Portuguese and Indians. .Of these, the Indians were imported in the largest numbers, starting from May 1, 1845, when 225 Indians were brought in the first shipment to Trinidad on the Fatel Rozack, a Muslim-owned vessel [14] Indentureship of the Indians lasted from 1845 to 1917, over which more than 147,000 Indians were brought to Trinidad to work on sugarcane plantations.^ Trinidad labour unions demand more for working class .

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Operations at Trinidad and Tobago's national airline, BWIA, were almost brought to a halt on Saturday with a large number of employees calling in sick.

[15]
.They added what was initially the second largest population grouping to the young nation and their labour developed previously underdeveloped plantation lands.^ Indeed, the Hindu Festival of Lights has become Trinidads second largest national open-air festival after Carnival.

.The Indenture contract was exploitative, such that historians Hugh Tinker were to call it "a new system of slavery". Persons were contracted for a period of five years with a daily wage (25 cents in the early 20th century) after which they were guaranteed return passage to India.^ The New York Daily News has reported that 38-year-old Andre Neversen, is wanted for murdering his sister, and his former girlfriend.

Coercive means were often used to obtain labourers, however, and the indenture contracts were soon extended to 10 years after the planters complained that they were losing their labour too early [11]
In lieu of the return passage the British authorities soon began offering portions of land to encourage settlement, however the numbers of people who did receive land grants is unclear [16]. .Indians entering the colony were also subject to particular crown laws which segregated them from the rest of the Trinidad population, such as the requirement that they carry a "Pass" on their person once off the plantations, and that if freed, they carry their "Free Papers" or Certificate indicating completion of the indentureship period [17].^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Trinidad and Tobago Government is moving to provide increased protection for witnesses and persons who are required to give evidence in criminal court proceedings.

Despite this, however, the ex-Indentureds came to constitute a vital and significant section of the population, as did the ex-slaves.
The cacao (cocoa) crop also contributed greatly to the economic earnings in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. After the collapse of the cacao crop (due to disease and the Great Depression) petroleum increasingly came to dominate the economy. .The collapse of the sugar cane industry concomittant with the failure of the cocoa industry resulted in widespread depression among the rural and agricultural workers in Trinidad and encouraged the rise of the Labour movement in the 1920 -1930 period.^ Trinidad-born US labour leader calls on workers to speak up .

^ Trinidad labour union warns of massive retrenchment of workers .

.This was led by Tubal Uriah "Buzz" Butler, who, in combination with his Indian partners (notably Adrian Cola Rienzi) aimed to unite the working class and agricultural labouring class to achieve a better standard of living for all, as well as to hasten the departure of the British.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Labour unions in Trinidad and Tobago are threatening to take serious action if steps are not taken soon to increase salaries of the working class.

^ Trinidad labour unions demand more for working class .

This effort was severely undermined by the British Home Office and by the British-educated Trinidadian elite, many of whom were descended from the plantocracy themselves. They instigated a vicious race politicking in Trinidad which aimed at dividing the class-based movement on race-based lines, and they succeeded, especially since Butler's support collapsed from the top down. The Depression and the rise of the oil economy led to changes in the social structure. .By the 1950s oil had become a staple in Trinidad's export market and was responsible for a growing middle-class among all sections of the Trinidad population.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Government of Trinidad and Tobago is aiming to eradicate poverty among sections of the population by the year 2015.

Tobago

Columbus reported seeing Tobago on the distant horizon, which he named Bellaforma, but did not land on the island.[18] The name of Tobago is thought to probably be a corruption of its old name, "Tobaco".[8]
A beach near Crown Point, Tobago
The Dutch and the Courlanders had established themselves in Tobago in the 16th and 17th centuries and produced tobacco and cotton. Tobago changed hands between British, French, Dutch and Courlanders from modern-day Latvia. Britain consolidated its hold on both islands during the Napoleonic Wars, and they were combined into the colony of Trinidad and Tobago in 1889.
As a result of these colonial struggles, Amerindian, Spanish, French and English place names are all common in the country. African slaves and Chinese, Indian, and free African indentured labourers, as well as Portuguese from Madeira, arrived to supply labour in the nineteenth and early twentieth century. Emigration from Barbados and the other Lesser Antilles, Venezuela, Syria, and Lebanon also impacted on the ethnic make-up of the country.

Independence

Newly arrived indentured Indians in Trinidad
.Trinidad and Tobago became an independent nation (from the United Kingdom) in 1962. The presence of American military bases in Chaguaramas and Cumuto in Trinidad during World War II profoundly changed the character of society.^ PORT-OF-SPAIN, Trinidad: Anthony Warner, who keeps goal for English Premier League side Fulham United, has joined Trinidad and Tobago's national football team in preparation for the upcoming World Cup tournament in Germany in the summer...

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The dual island nation of Trinidad & Tobago, famous for its Carnival and eclectic culture, has established the Tourism Development Company of Trinidad & Tobago Limited (TDC) as their tourism agency...

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The achievement of full employment and an unprecedented level of economy prosperity for nationals are what citizens of Trinidad and Tobago can look forward to in 2006...

In the post-war period, the wave of decolonisation that swept the British Empire led to the formation of the West Indies Federation in 1958 as a vehicle for independence. Chaguaramas was the proposed site for the federal capital. The Federation dissolved after the withdrawal of Jamaica and the government chose to seek independence on its own.[citation needed]
In 1976, the country severed its links with the British monarchy and became a republic within the Commonwealth, though it retained the British Privy Council as its final Court of Appeal. Between the years 1972 and 1983, the Republic profited greatly from the rising price of oil, as the oil-rich country increased its living standards greatly. .In 1990, 114 members of the Jamaat al Muslimeen, led by Yasin Abu Bakr, formerly known as Lennox Phillip, stormed the Red House (the seat of Parliament), and Trinidad and Tobago Television, the only television station in the country at the time, and held the country's government hostage for six days before surrendering.^ Trinidad government wants millions in compensation from insurrectionist, Abu Bakr .

^ Trinidad Senate president calls for full-time members of parliament .

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Leader of the Jamaat-Al- Muslimeen in Trinidad, Yasin Abu Bakr, has been freed of all charges of conspiracy to murder two expelled members of his organisation.

[citation needed]
Since 2003, the country has entered a second oil boom, a driving force which the government hopes to use to turn the country's main export back to sugar and agriculture. Great concern was raised in August 2007 when it was predicted that this boom would last only until 2018. Petroleum, petrochemicals and natural gas continue to be the backbone of the economy. .Tourism is the mainstay of the economy of Tobago, and the island remains a favourite destination for many European tourists.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The dual island nation of Trinidad & Tobago, famous for its Carnival and eclectic culture, has established the Tourism Development Company of Trinidad & Tobago Limited (TDC) as their tourism agency...

^ Sixty European tourists fall ill at Tobago hotel .

[citation needed]

National symbols

Flag

Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg
The flag was chosen by the Independence committee in 1962. Red, black and white symbolize fire (the sun, representing courage), earth (representing dedication) and water (representing purity and equality), respectively.[19]

Coat of arms

Coattrinidadtobago.jpg
The coat of arms was designed by the Independence committee, and features the Scarlet Ibis (native to Trinidad), the Cocrico (native to Tobago) and the Hummingbird. The shield bears three ships, representing both the Trinity, and the three ships that Columbus sailed.[20]

Politics

The Red House: Trinidad and Tobago's Parliament Chamber 2008 (undergoing renovations)
.Trinidad and Tobago is a republic with a two-party system and a bicameral parliamentary system based on the Westminster System.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: High drama within Trinidad and Tobago's opposition party, the United National Congress (UNC) has resulted in three major developments.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Two senior management officials of Trinidad and Tobago's Digicel Telecommunications group have resigned, following a reported shake up within the Group.

^ ORLANDO, USA: Two corporate security consulting firms -- one based in the United States and the other in Trinidad & Tobago -- have formed an alliance to offer a wider range of security services to clients in the Caribbean basin.

.The head of state of Trinidad and Tobago is the President, currently George Maxwell Richards.^ Former Trinidad and Tobago president dies .

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Trinidad and Tobago 's President George Maxwell Richards has spoken of what he terms "convulsions," which are taking place in the country as food and social issues currently affect the nation.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Atlantic Liquefied Natural Gas Company, one of Trinidad and Tobago's biggest revenue earners, on Friday had its first Head of State visit after President George Maxwell Richards accepted an invitation to tour the company's Point Fortin Facility in south Trinidad.

The head of government is the Prime Minister Patrick Manning. The President is elected by an Electoral College consisting of the full membership of both houses of Parliament. .The Prime Minister is elected from the results of a general election which takes place every five years.^ Trinidad 's Prime Minister sees full employment by year's end .

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Trinidad's Prime Minister Patrick Manning says the country is likely to achieve full employment status for its people by the end of the year.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Trinidad and Tobago's Prime Minister, Patrick Manning, has postponed the country's local government elections for one year, elections which normally would have been held by July of this year.

The President is required to appoint the leader of the party who in his opinion has the most support of the members of the House of Representatives to this post; this has generally been the leader of the party which won the most seats in the previous election (except in the case of the 2001 General Elections). Tobago also has its own elections, separate from the general elections. .In these elections, members are elected and serve in the Tobago House of Assembly.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Tobago House of Assembly has allocated TT$20 million toward disaster preparedness for the year 2006.

^ Tobago House of Assembly blamed for denying disabled community a voice at UN Convention .

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Tobago House of Assembly recently announced an additional service from Piarco International Airport in Trinidad to Crown Point International Airport in Tobago.

The Parliament consists of two chambers, the Senate (31 seats) and the House of Representatives (41 seats).[21] .The members of the Senate are appointed by the president.^ Trinidad Senate president calls for full-time members of parliament .

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The President of Trinidad and Tobago's Senate, Dr Linda Baboolal, has spoken out in favour of making all Members of Parliament in Trinidad and Tobago full-time.

.Sixteen Government Senators are appointed on the advice of the Prime Minister, six Opposition Senators are appointed on the advice of the Leader of the Opposition and nine Independent Senators are appointed by the President to represent other sectors of civil society.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Trinidad and Tobago's former Prime Minister, and sitting Opposition leader, Basdeo Panday has been found guilty by a Trinidad court for failing to declare monies held in a London bank account.

^ Trinidad opposition leader calls for investigation into prime minister's assets .

^ Trinidad Prime Minister defends government's spending .

The 41 members of the House of Representatives are elected by the people for a maximum term of five years in a "first past the post" system.
.Since 24 December 2001, the governing party has been the People's National Movement led by Patrick Manning; the Opposition party is the United National Congress led by Basdeo Panday.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Several key members of the United National Congress (UNC), the main opposition party in Trinidad, have been publicly voicing their dissatisfaction with the leadership style of opposition leader Basdeo Panday.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: High drama within Trinidad and Tobago's opposition party, the United National Congress (UNC) has resulted in three major developments.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Trinidad's Opposition Party, the United National Congress, is asking that investigations be conducted into the role of the Prime Minister, Chief Magistrate, and Attorney General in the ongoing controversy surrounding Chief Justice Satnarine Sharma.

.Another recent party is the Congress of the People, or COP, led by Winston Dookeran.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Another key member of the Opposition (UNC) United National Congress party in Trinidad has resigned.

^ CHAGUANAS, Trinidad: Congress of the People political leader, Winston Dookeran, has slammed Trinidad and Tobago Prime Minister Patrick Manning, who has said he intends to create mixed communities using Caroni lands.

^ CHAGUANAS, Trinidad: The arrest of broadcaster, Inshan Ishmael was politically motivated and in fact, directly related to the wishes of the Government, Congress of the People political leader, Winston Dookeran has said.

Support for these parties appears to fall along ethnic lines with the PNM consistently obtaining a majority Afro-Trinidadian vote, and the UNC gaining a majority of Indo-Trinidadian support. COP gained 23% of the vote but failed to win a single seat. At present the PNM holds 26 seats in the House of Representatives and the UNC Alliance (UNC-A) holds 15 seats, following elections held on 5 November 2007.
There are 14 municipal corporations (two cities, three boroughs, and nine Regions) which have a limited level of autonomy. The various councils are made up of a mixture of elected and appointed members. .Elections are due to be held every 3 years, but have not been held since 2003, 4 extensions having been sought by the government.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Trinidad and Tobago's Prime Minister, Patrick Manning, has postponed the country's local government elections for one year, elections which normally would have been held by July of this year.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The government of Trinidad and Tobago is due to begin widespread consultation before the end of the year on a proposed new National Draft Constitution for the country.

Local Government elections are next due in July 2010.
.Trinidad and Tobago is a leading member of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the CARICOM Single Market and Economy (CSME), of which only the Caribbean Single Market (CSM) is in force.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Telecommunications Services of Trinidad and Tobago (TSTT) is claiming that its operations are being sabotaged due to current open market competition.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: A 27-member trade mission from Nova Scotia, Canada is now on a visit to Trinidad and Tobago to pursue business and investment opportunities.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The achievement of full employment and an unprecedented level of economy prosperity for nationals are what citizens of Trinidad and Tobago can look forward to in 2006...

.It is also the seat of the Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ), which was inaugurated on 16 April 2005. The CCJ is intended to replace the British Judicial Committee of the Privy Council as the final Appellate Court for the member states of the CARICOM. Since its inauguration, only two states, Barbados and Guyana, have acceded to the appellate jurisdiction of the CCJ. The CCJ also serves as an original jurisdiction in the interpretation of the Revised Treaty of Chaguaramas, to which all members of CARICOM have acceded.^ British court allows arrest of Trinidad chief justice .

^ Trinidad's Chief Justice appears before Privy Council .

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The London-based Privy Council has ordered a continuation of an injunction by Trinidad and Tobago's high court that prevents any arrest of Chief Justice Satnarine Sharma, who is accused of perverting the course of public justice.

Administrative divisions

.Trinidad and Tobago is split into Regional Corporations and Municipalities.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: With a booming economy and revenue from energy coming into Trinidad and Tobago, the spending habits of the Government have begun to worry Wall Street investors.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: CARICOM Chairman, Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago, Patrick Manning has renewed the call for deeper regional integration among Caribbean states.

The island of Tobago is governed by the Tobago House of Assembly, and there are 9 corporations and 5 municipalities in the island of Trinidad:
Regions of Trinidad and Tobago
Regional corporations and municipalities of Trinidad and Tobago Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg
Flag Corporations Area
(km²)
Population Population density
(/km²)
Urban centres
Port of Spain City Corporation 13.45 49,031 3,650 Port of Spain
San Fernando City Corporation 18.64 55,419 2,970 San Fernando, Marabella
Chaguanas Borough Corporation 59.65 67,433 1,130 Chaguanas, Cunupia, Endeavour, Felicity, Montrose
Arima Borough Corporation 11.15 32,278 2,890 Arima
Point Fortin Borough Corporation 23.88 19,056 800 Point Fortin, Guapo, Teschier
Couva-Tabaquite-Talparo Regional Corporation 719.64 162,779 230 Claxton Bay, Couva, Point Lisas, St. Mary's, Tabaquite, Talparo
Diego Martin Regional Corporation 127.53 105,720 830 Carenage, Diego Martin, Maraval, Westmoorings
Penal-Debe Regional Corporation 246.91 83,609 340 Penal, Debe
Princes Town Regional Corporation 621.35 91,947 150 Moruga, Princes Town
Rio Claro-Mayaro Regional Corporation 852.81 33,480 40 Mayaro, Rio Claro, Guayaguayare
San Juan-Laventille Regional Corporation 220.39 157,295 710 Barataria, Laventille, Morvant, St. Joseph, San Juan
Sangre Grande Regional Corporation 898.94 64,343 70 Guaico, Sangre Grande, Toco, Valencia
Siparia Regional Corporation 510.48 81,917 160 Cedros, Fyzabad, La Brea, Santa Flora, Siparia
Tunapuna-Piarco Regional Corporation 527.23 203,975 370 Arouca, Curepe, Piarco, St. Augustine, Trincity, Tunapuna

Military

Trinidad and Tobago Coast Guard members during a practice exercise at Staubles Bay in Chaguaramas for the arrival of Prince Charles in 2008.
.The Trinidad and Tobago Defence Force (TTDF) is the military organisation responsible for the defence of the twin island Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.^ Trinidad & Tobago to get new defence chief .

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Trinidad and Tobago Army is to get a new Chief of Defence Staff before the end of this week.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The dual island nation of Trinidad & Tobago, famous for its Carnival and eclectic culture, has established the Tourism Development Company of Trinidad & Tobago Limited (TDC) as their tourism agency...

It consists of the Regiment, the Coast Guard, the Air Guard and the Defence Force Reserves. .Established in 1962 after Trinidad and Tobago's independence from Britain, the TTDF is one of the largest Military forces in the English speaking Caribbean.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Trinidad and Tobago government has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with a US firm for the establishment of an ethylene plant at Point Lisas, South Trinidad.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The dual island nation of Trinidad & Tobago, famous for its Carnival and eclectic culture, has established the Tourism Development Company of Trinidad & Tobago Limited (TDC) as their tourism agency...

^ WASHINGTON, USA (AFP): US President George W. Bush has cleared the way for US military aid to Barbados, St Vincent & the Grenadines, and Trinidad & Tobago.

.Its mission statement is to "defend the sovereign good of The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, contribute to the development of the national community and support the State in the fulfillment of its national and international objectives".^ WASHINGTON, USA: Ambassador Marina Valere of Trinidad and Tobago assumed office on Monday as chair of the Organization of American States (OAS) Permanent Council.

^ Trinidad and Tobago Football Federation withdraws support for cultural programme .

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Trinidad's Police Commissioner, Trevor Paul has reacted to a report on police killings in the country and is urging Amnesty International not to prejudge the matter as it relates to Trinidad and Tobago.

The Defence Force has been engaged in Domestic incidents, such as the 1990 Coup Attempt, and International missions, such as the United Nations Mission in Haiti between 1993 and 1996.

Geography

Mayaro Beach in the south-eastern area of Trinidad
.Trinidad and Tobago are southeasterly islands of the Antilles, situated between 10° 2' and 11° 12' N latitude and 60° 30' and 61° 56' W longitude.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The dual island nation of Trinidad & Tobago, famous for its Carnival and eclectic culture, has established the Tourism Development Company of Trinidad & Tobago Limited (TDC) as their tourism agency...

^ Fishing accord talks resume between Barbados and Trinidad & Tobago .

^ Your correspondent from Trinidad, Stephen Cummings, was quick to report on Wednesday April 12, "A long-running maritime law battle between Barbados and Trinidad and Tobago has ended with a victory for Trinidad".

.At the closest point, Trinidad is just 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) off the Venezuelan coast.^ Trinidad and Venezuelan Coast Guards on lookout for armed bandits .

^ SYDNEY, Australia (Bloomberg): BHP Billiton, Australia's biggest oil and gas producer, has said it made an oil and gas discovery off the Trinidad coast that may be commercially developed.

^ BHP Billiton makes oil, gas discovery off coast of Trinidad .

Covering an area of 5,128 km2 (1,980 sq mi), the country consists of the two main islands, Trinidad and Tobago, and numerous smaller landforms – including Chacachacare, Monos, Huevos, Gaspar Grande (or Gasparee), Little Tobago, and St. Giles Island. Trinidad is 4,768 km2 (1,841 sq mi) in area (comprising 93.0% of the country's total area) with an average length of 80 km (50 mi) and an average width of 59 kilometres (37 mi).
Tobago has an area of about 300 km2 (120 sq mi), or 5.8% of the country's area, is 41 km (25 mi) long and 12 km (7.5 mi) at its greatest width. .Trinidad and Tobago lie on the continental shelf of South America, and is thus geologically considered to lie entirely in South America.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Trinidad and Tobago government has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with a US firm for the establishment of an ethylene plant at Point Lisas, South Trinidad.

However the Caribbean islands are generally considered to be part of North America, and as the language and cultural links of Trinidad and Tobago are not to South America but to the rest of the English speaking Caribbean nations, the nation is often treated as part of North America.
Hillside along Diego Martin
The terrain of the islands is a mixture of mountains and plains. The highest point in the country is found on the Northern Range at El Cerro del Aripo which is 940 m (3,080 ft) above sea level. The climate is tropical. There are two seasons annually: the dry season for the first six months of the year, and the wet season in the second half of the year. Winds are predominantly from the northeast and are dominated by the northeast trade winds. Unlike most of the other Caribbean islands, both Trinidad and Tobago have frequently escaped the wrath of major devastating hurricanes including Hurricane Ivan, the most powerful storm to pass close to the islands in recent history in September 2004.
As the majority of the population live in Trinidad, this is the location of most major towns and cities. .There are three major municipalities in Trinidad: Port of Spain, the capital, San Fernando, and Chaguanas.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: A major aluminum smelter symposium has begun in Port of Spain, Trinidad.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Preparations are underway in Trinidad and Tobago for the staging of two major world conferences to be hosted by the Trinidad and Tobago government in 2009.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Telecommunications Services of Trinidad and Tobago (TSTT) is claiming that its operations are being sabotaged due to current open market competition.

The main town in Tobago is Scarborough. Trinidad is made up of a variety of soil types, the majority being fine sands and heavy clays. The alluvial valleys of the Northern Range and the soils of the East-West Corridor are the most fertile.[citation needed]
The Chaconia (Warszewiczia coccinea) is the national flower of Trinidad and Tobago.
The Northern Range consists mainly of Upper Jurassic and Cretaceous metamorphic rocks. The Northern Lowlands (East-West Corridor and Caroni Plains) consist of younger shallow marine clastic sediments. South of this, the Central Range fold and thrust belt consisits of Cretaceous and Eocene sedimentary rocks, with Miocene formations along the southern and eastern flanks. The Naparima Plains and the Nariva Swamp form the southern shoulder of this uplift.
The Southern Lowlands consist of Miocene and Pliocene sands, clays, and gravels. .These overlie oil and natural gas deposits, especially north of the Los Bajos Fault.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: A reported shortage of drilling rigs has forced Petro-Canada to delay its exploration for oil and natural gas in waters off Tobago.

The Southern Range forms the third anticlinal uplift. It consists of several chains of hills, most famous being the Trinity Hills. The rocks consist of sandstones, shales and siltstones and clays formed in the Miocene and uplifted in the Pleistocene. Oil sands and mud volcanoes are especially common in this area.
.Although it is located just off-shore from South America, Trinidad and Tobago is generally included as part of the West Indies by virtue of its geographical and historical heritage in the Caribbean.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Trinidad and Tobago government has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with a US firm for the establishment of an ethylene plant at Point Lisas, South Trinidad.

^ ST JOHN'S, Antigua (AFP): West Indies captain Brian Lara paid tribute to the achievement of his native Trinidad and Tobago in earning a surprise draw in their first ever match at the World Cup.

^ Trinidad and Tobago show World Cup form in seeing off Martinique .

[citation needed]

Economy

Port of Spain skyscraper 2009
Port of Spain cityscape, 2008
The oil refinery at Pointe-à-Pierre
Trinidad's economy is strongly influenced by the petroleum industry. Tourism and manufacturing are also important to the local economy.Tourism is a growing sector, although not proportionately as important as in many other Caribbean islands. Agricultural products include citrus, cocoa, and other products.
Recent growth has been fueled by investments in liquefied natural gas (LNG), petrochemicals, and steel. .Additional petrochemical, aluminum, and plastics projects are in various stages of planning.^ Trinidad's government approached it about building an aluminum smelter in an alternative location to that planned on the island's Cap-de-Ville, denying a report that the project was cancelled.

.Trinidad and Tobago is the leading Caribbean producer of oil and gas, and its economy is heavily dependent upon these resources but it also supplies manufactured goods, notably food and beverages, as well as cement to the Caribbean region.^ UK producer to supply gas to Trinidad & Tobago .

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad (Reuters): BP Trinidad and Tobago plans to drill 10 wells over a decade when it resumes oil and gas exploration in the Caribbean twin island state in 2008 after a one-year break, a company official said.

^ LONDON, England (Bloomberg): BP Plc, Europe's second-biggest oil company, delivered a cargo of liquefied natural gas to Britain from Trinidad & Tobago, augmenting supplies in the UK. read more..

Oil and gas account for about 40% of GDP and 80% of exports, but only 5% of employment. The country is also a regional financial center, and the economy has a growing trade surplus.[22] .The expansion of Atlantic LNG over the past six years created the largest-single sustained phase of economic growth in Trinidad and Tobago.^ Trinidad's Atlantic LNG gets presidential visit .

^ BP delivers LNG cargo to UK from Trinidad & Tobago .

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The government of Trinidad and Tobago is due to begin widespread consultation before the end of the year on a proposed new National Draft Constitution for the country.

It has become the leading exporter of LNG to the United States, and now supplies some 70% of U.S. LNG imports. [23]
.Trinidad and Tobago has transitioned from an oil-based economy to a natural gas based economy.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The achievement of full employment and an unprecedented level of economy prosperity for nationals are what citizens of Trinidad and Tobago can look forward to in 2006...

^ UK producer to supply gas to Trinidad & Tobago .

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: With a booming economy and revenue from energy coming into Trinidad and Tobago, the spending habits of the Government have begun to worry Wall Street investors.

In 2007, natural gas production averaged 4 billion standard cubic feet per day (mmscf/d), compared with 3.2 bcf/d in 2005. In December 2005, the Atlantic LNG fourth production module or "train" for liquefied natural gas (LNG) began production. Train 4 has increased Atlantic LNG's overall output capacity by almost 50% and is the largest LNG train in the world at 5.2 million tons/year of LNG.
.Trinidad and Tobago's infrastructure is good by regional standards.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: CARICOM Chairman, Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago, Patrick Manning has renewed the call for deeper regional integration among Caribbean states.

^ Trinidad and Tobago gets good reviews from IMF .

.The international airport in Trinidad was expanded in 2001. There is an extensive network of paved roads with several good four and six lane highways including one controlled access expressway.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Four American nationals were questioned over the weekend by Trinidad immigration authorities after a plane in which they were traveling made an unscheduled landing around 4:15 Sunday morning at the Piarco International Airport.

^ FLORIDA, USA: US Major League soccer club Real Salt Lake on Saturday released six of its players, including Trinidad and Tobago's international Leslie "Tiger" Fitzpatrick to reduce their active roster.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Airports Authority of Trinidad and Tobago has relaxed security measures at the Piarco and Crown Point International Airports.

Nevertheless, even though most roads are paved, the island is in constant gridlock,[citation needed] a situation which leads to loss of productive hours. The Ministry of Works estimates that an average Trinidadian spend 4 hours in traffic per day. Emergency services are reliable, but may suffer delays in rural districts.[citation needed] Private hospitals are available and reliable.[citation needed] Utilities are fairly reliable in the cities.[citation needed] Some areas, however, especially rural districts, still suffer from water shortages.[citation needed] The government is addressing this problem with the construction of additional desalinization plants.[citation needed]
Telephone service is relatively modern and reliable.[citation needed] Cellular service is widespread and has been the major area of growth for several years. .Telecommunications Services of Trinidad and Tobago Limited (generally known as TSTT) is the largest telephone and Internet service provider in Trinidad and Tobago.^ Additional flight service from Trinidad to Tobago .

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Telecommunications Services of Trinidad and Tobago (TSTT) is claiming that its operations are being sabotaged due to current open market competition.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Two Trinidadian men employed at the Power Generation Company of Trinidad and Tobago Limited have been killed and another seriously injured following an explosion on Wednesday morning.

.The company, which is jointly owned by the Government of Trinidad and Tobago and Cable & Wireless, was formed out of a merger of Telco (Trinidad and Tobago Telephone Company Limited) and Textel (Trinidad and Tobago External Telecommunications Company Limited).^ New tourism company for Trinidad & Tobago .

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Preparations are underway in Trinidad and Tobago for the staging of two major world conferences to be hosted by the Trinidad and Tobago government in 2009.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Telecommunications Services of Trinidad and Tobago (TSTT) is claiming that its operations are being sabotaged due to current open market competition.

.TSTT no longer holds a monopoly in fixed-line telephone services due to Flow introducing a fixed-line service of their own, but their cellular monopoly was broken in June 2005 when licenses were granted to Digicel and Laqtel.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Telecommunications Services of Trinidad and Tobago (TSTT) is claiming that its operations are being sabotaged due to current open market competition.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Trinidad and Tobago's Telecommunications Authority will hold the first hearing in two weeks' time regarding a dispute between mobile operator Digicel and the Telecommunications Services of Trinidad and Tobago, (TSTT) over interconnection rates.

Laqtel however never started business.

Transport

Intersection of Churchill Roosevelt Highway & Uriah Butler Highway 2009
.Trinidad and Tobago has a transportation system with many components, including main roads, highways, freeways, ferries and water taxis, as well as public and private transportation.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: A recent survey conducted in Trinidad and Tobago has revealed that the use of alcohol and illicit drugs among students in public schools is on the rise.

^ BRIDGETOWN, Barbados: Barbados and Trinidad & Tobago have been told they have to work out an agreement to allow and govern the access of Barbadian fishermen to Trinidad waters.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Two of Trinidad and Tobago's most expensive anti-crime fighting air security surveillance systems have been taken out of commission.

.Located in Trinidad is the Piarco International Airport, the country's major airport.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Four American nationals were questioned over the weekend by Trinidad immigration authorities after a plane in which they were traveling made an unscheduled landing around 4:15 Sunday morning at the Piarco International Airport.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: A Trinidadian radio disc jockey is now in police custody after he was caught on Saturday evening attempting to traffic TT$800,000 worth in liquid cocaine through Port of Spain's Piarco International Airport.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: An American Boeing 757 jet was on Monday forced to make an emergency landing at Port of Spain Piarco International Airport in Trindad, the second aircraft to do so in less than three months.

.A smaller number of international flights fly to Tobago's Crown Point International Airport.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Airports Authority of Trinidad and Tobago has relaxed security measures at the Piarco and Crown Point International Airports.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Tobago House of Assembly recently announced an additional service from Piarco International Airport in Trinidad to Crown Point International Airport in Tobago.

Public transportation options on land are public buses, private taxis and minibuses. By sea, the options are inter-island ferries and inter-city water taxis.[24]

Airport

.The island of Trinidad is served by Piarco International Airport located in Piarco.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Four American nationals were questioned over the weekend by Trinidad immigration authorities after a plane in which they were traveling made an unscheduled landing around 4:15 Sunday morning at the Piarco International Airport.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: A Trinidadian radio disc jockey is now in police custody after he was caught on Saturday evening attempting to traffic TT$800,000 worth in liquid cocaine through Port of Spain's Piarco International Airport.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: An American Boeing 757 jet was on Monday forced to make an emergency landing at Port of Spain Piarco International Airport in Trindad, the second aircraft to do so in less than three months.

It was opened on 8 January 1931. Elevated at 17.4 m above sea level it comprises an area of 680 hectares and has a runway of 3200m. The airport consists of two terminals, the North Terminal and the South Terminal. The older South Terminal underwent renovations in 2009 for use as a VIP entrance point during the 5th Summit of the Americas. The North Terminal was completed in 2001, and consists of [25] 14 second-level aircraft gates with loading bridges from the aircraft to the terminal building for international flights, 2 ground level domestic gates and 82 ticket counter positions.
.Piarco International Airport was voted the Caribbean’s leading airport for customer satisfaction and operational efficiency at the prestigious World Travel Awards (WTA),[26] held in the Turks and Caicos in 2006.[27] The airport is the site of the world’s first ACI Global Training Centre on Aviation with the ultra-modern Aviation Security Training Centre at Piarco International Airport being used by the Airports Council International (ACI) as a model in the development of its five other training centres in other parts of the world.^ PIARCO, Trinidad: Former Trinidad and Tobago internationals Warren Archibald and Everard Cummings revealed contrasting viewpoints ahead of Friday's start of the FIFA 2006 World Cup tournament in Germany.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Passengers now traveling through Trinidad's Piarco International Airport are now subject to tighter security regulations following the discovery of a plot to blow up aircraft enroute from the UK to the US. read more..

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Four American nationals were questioned over the weekend by Trinidad immigration authorities after a plane in which they were traveling made an unscheduled landing around 4:15 Sunday morning at the Piarco International Airport.

[28] .In 2008 the passenger throughput at Piarco International Airport was approximately 2.6 million.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Passengers now traveling through Trinidad's Piarco International Airport are now subject to tighter security regulations following the discovery of a plot to blow up aircraft enroute from the UK to the US. read more..

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Airports Authority of Trinidad and Tobago has relaxed security measures at the Piarco and Crown Point International Airports.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Tobago House of Assembly recently announced an additional service from Piarco International Airport in Trinidad to Crown Point International Airport in Tobago.

.As of December 2006, nineteen international airlines operated out of Piarco and offered flights to twenty-seven international destinations.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Trinidad and Tobago national airline, BWIA is to be shut down by December 31, 2006.

^ FORT LAUDERDALE, USA: Caribbean Star Airlines and Caribbean Sun Airlines announced Wednesday a major expansion in their Trinidad operations to take effect in July 2006.

Airline

.Caribbean Airlines is the national airline of Trinidad and Tobago, with its main hub at the Piarco International Airport in Trinidad.^ Trinidad and Tobago unveils new airline .

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The dual island nation of Trinidad & Tobago, famous for its Carnival and eclectic culture, has established the Tourism Development Company of Trinidad & Tobago Limited (TDC) as their tourism agency...

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Four American nationals were questioned over the weekend by Trinidad immigration authorities after a plane in which they were traveling made an unscheduled landing around 4:15 Sunday morning at the Piarco International Airport.

.It operates international services from the Caribbean to the United States, United Kingdom, Canada and South America.^ ORLANDO, USA: Two corporate security consulting firms -- one based in the United States and the other in Trinidad & Tobago -- have formed an alliance to offer a wider range of security services to clients in the Caribbean basin.

.The airline which is wholly owned by the Government of Trinidad and Tobago, began operations on 1 January 2007, to replace its predecessor, BWIA or British West Indies Airways.^ Trinidad and Tobago unveils new airline .

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: As the December 31 date draws closer for shutting down operations at Trinidad and Tobago national airline BWIA, another airline, the recently established Caribbean Airlines, has now appointed a new team aimed at making a smooth transition from BWIA when it makes its first official flight on January 1, 2007.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Telecommunications Services of Trinidad and Tobago (TSTT) is claiming that its operations are being sabotaged due to current open market competition.

.In March 2010 the Trinidad and Tobago government acquired the Jamaican airline Air Jamaica.^ Trinidad and Tobago unveils new airline .

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Trinidad and Tobago government has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with a US firm for the establishment of an ethylene plant at Point Lisas, South Trinidad.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Officials of the gaming industry in Trinidad and Tobago are preparing to take legal action against a decision by Government to crack down on their operation.

The Jamaican government plans to officially hand over operations of national carrier Air Jamaica to Caribbean Airlines on April 12.

Demographics

.As of 2005, most (96%) of the country's 1.3 million inhabitants reside on the island of Trinidad with most of the remainder (4%) in Tobago.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The dual island nation of Trinidad & Tobago, famous for its Carnival and eclectic culture, has established the Tourism Development Company of Trinidad & Tobago Limited (TDC) as their tourism agency...

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The government of Trinidad and Tobago is due to begin widespread consultation before the end of the year on a proposed new National Draft Constitution for the country.

^ POINTE-A-PIERRE, Trinidad: Trinidad and Tobago defeated Barbados by 125 runs to claim the 2005-06 Carib Beer Challenge title at Guaracara Park on Wednesday.

The ethnic composition of Trinidad and Tobago reflects a history of conquest and immigration. .Two major ethnic groups, Indo-Trinidadians and Afro-Trinidadians, account for almost 80% of the population, while people of mixed race, European, Chinese and SyrianLebanese descent make up most of the rest of the population.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Two senior management officials of Trinidad and Tobago's Digicel Telecommunications group have resigned, following a reported shake up within the Group.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: News reaching Trinidad indicates that about 30 Trinidadians of Lebanese descent were up to Wednesday trying to leave Lebanon to escape the bombing there.

Indo-Trinidadians

The 26 m (85 ft) Hanuman Murti statue and Hindu Temple in Central Trinidad 2008. This monument is also the largest Hanuman Murti statue outside of India
Indo-Trinidadians make up the country's largest ethnic group (approximately 40%[29]). They are primarily descendants from indentured workers from India, brought to replace freed African slaves who refused to continue working on the sugar plantations. The Indian community is divided roughly half-and-half between those who maintained their original, native Hindu or Muslim religions and those who have taken to Christianity or have no religious affiliation. Through cultural preservation groups, Trinidadians of Indian descent maintain many of their customs and rites.

Afro-Trinidadians

Afro-Trinidadians make up the country's second largest ethnic group (approximately 37.5%[30]). .The majority are descendants of the Colonial slave laborers who were brought in the last few years of Trinidad's Spanish Colonial era, and the beginning of the English colonial period.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The government of Trinidad and Tobago is due to begin widespread consultation before the end of the year on a proposed new National Draft Constitution for the country.

^ LONDON, England (Reuters): An illegal Trinidadian immigrant who shot a trainee policewoman was jailed for 30 years last week for her attempted murder.

^ Among the recent murder victims was 27-year-old Keston Peters, who was said to have been killed outside the Penal police station in south Trinidad on Friday.

.The experience of slavery in Trinidad was limited in that the island was very sparsely populated.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The dual island nation of Trinidad & Tobago, famous for its Carnival and eclectic culture, has established the Tourism Development Company of Trinidad & Tobago Limited (TDC) as their tourism agency...

The Cedula of Population transformed a small colony of 1000 in 1773 to 18,627 by 1797.
In the census of 1777 there were only 2,763 people recorded as living on the island, including some 2,000 Arawaks. During this time there were many African slave owners. In 1807, the UK Parliament passed the Slave Trade Act 1807 that abolished the trading of slaves, and the Slavery Abolition Act 1833 abolished the practice of slavery.

Europeans

The Caucasian population is primarily descended from early settlers and immigrants. About half are of British origin, and the remainder are of French, Spanish, Portuguese, and German heritage. The recent census counted 11,000 British, 4,100 Spanish, 4,000 French, 2,700 Portuguese and 2,700 Germans. These numbers do not include people who have at least some Causasian ancestry but self-identify as African or Indian. They may be descended from settlers from Spain, or from mixed-raced immigrants from Venezuela, commonly referred to as "Cocoa Panyols".
The French arrived mostly during the Spanish period to take advantage of free agricultural lands. The Portuguese were brought to replace freed African slaves when they refused to accept low wages. .The Caucasian people who remain in Trinidad do so in the areas in and around Port of Spain.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Telecommunications Services of Trinidad and Tobago (TSTT) is claiming that its operations are being sabotaged due to current open market competition.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Trinidad and Tobago government has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with a US firm for the establishment of an ethylene plant at Point Lisas, South Trinidad.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Trinidad and Tobago Army is to get a new Chief of Defence Staff before the end of this week.

In Tobago, most Caucasians are retirees from Germany and Scandinavia.

Mixed race

.Given the large number of ethnic identities in Trinidad and Tobago many citizens have a mixed ethnic heritage.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The achievement of full employment and an unprecedented level of economy prosperity for nationals are what citizens of Trinidad and Tobago can look forward to in 2006...

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Operations at Trinidad and Tobago's national airline, BWIA, were almost brought to a halt on Saturday with a large number of employees calling in sick.

Such racial mixtures can include Caucasian and African, mulattos, and Indian and African, which is often colloquially known as dougla.

Other ethnic groups

There are groups of Chinese who, like the Portuguese and Indians, are descended from indentured laborers. .They account for about 20,000 people and live mostly in Port-of-Spain and San Fernando.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Caribbean Community (CARICOM) has signed an agreement with the United States, which now allows the US access to information about people traveling to and from the Caribbean and also within the region.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: There is a controversy brewing in Trinidad and Tobago about a reporter's right to accept cell phone calls from prisoners.

^ The Minister's response follows the deaths of over 2,000 chickens at a poultry farm in Cumuto just east of the capital Port of Spain...

.There are also about 2,500 Arabs, descending from Syria and Lebanon who live mostly in Port-of-Spain.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Trinidad and Tobago Law Association has threatened to take disciplinary action against its members who are practicing attorneys - members it says engage in interviews giving sensitive information about cases to the media.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: There is heightened concern about food security in the region and it is now believed that urgent measures must be taken to address the vulnerability of some Caricom member states on this issue.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Trinidad and Tobago Government is moving to provide increased protection for witnesses and persons who are required to give evidence in criminal court proceedings.

.The Syrian and Lebanese communities of Trinidad are predominantly Christian, migrating from the Middle East in the 19th century while fleeing religious persecution received from the Ottoman Empire later landing in the Caribbean and Latin America.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Traveling from the land of peaches and southern hospitality to the cultural capital of the Caribbean and industrial epicenter of the West Indies is now easier than ever..

Other Lebanese and Syrians came in the early to middle 20th century to escape the war and turmoil in the region. Finally there are the mixed raced Caribs who are descended from the native, precolonial people of the islands. They are organized around the Santa Rosa Carib Community and live mostly in and around Arima.

Emigration

Emigration from Trinidad and Tobago, as with other Caribbean nations, has historically been high; most emigrants go to the United States, Canada and Britain. Emigration has continued, albeit at a lower rate, even as the birth-rate sharply dropped to levels typical of industrialised countries. Largely because of this phenomenon, as of 2007, Trinidad and Tobago has been experiencing a low population growth rate (0.37%).

Religion

Religion in Trinidad and Tobago
religion percent
Christianity
  
43.6%
Hinduism
  
22.5%
Other
  
10.8%
Islam
  
5.8%
None
  
1.9%
Unspecified
  
1.4%
Judaism
  
0.1%
Many different religions are present in Trinidad and Tobago. The largest two are Roman Catholics (26%) and Hindus (22.5%). The Anglicans (7.8%), Muslims (5.8%), Seventh-day Adventists (4%), Other Christians (5.8%) Presbyterians, Jehovah's Witnesses and Methodists are among the other faith groups represented.
Two African syncretic faiths, the Shouter or Spiritual Baptists and the Orisha faith (formerly called Shangos, a less than complimentary term) are among the fastest growing religious groups, as are a host of evangelical and fundamentalist churches usually lumped as "Pentecostal" by most Trinidadians (although this designation is often inaccurate). A small Judaic community exists, as well as several other Eastern religions such as Taoism.Other 10.8%, unspecified 1.4%, none 1.9% (2000 census)

Language

English is the country's only official language, but the main spoken language is English dialect (Trinidadian English or Tobagonian Creole English) which reflects the Spanish, Indian, African and European heritage of the nation. Both creoles contain elements from a number and variety of African languages; Trinidadian English, however, is also largely influenced by French, French Creole, Spanish, and by Bhojpuri/Hindi. The spanish languages and other vernaculars are normally spoken in informal situations, and there is no formalized system of writing. Patois (a variety of Spanish/ French) was once the most widely spoken language in Trinidad, and there are various remnants of the language in everyday vernacular. There was also a Spanish-based creole, known as "Coco Payol", a term also used to describe people of Spanish ancestry.
Due to Trinidad's location on the coast of South America, the country has been slowly redeveloping a connection with the Spanish-speaking peoples but has been impeded by the fact that in 2004, only 45,500 inhabitants spoke Spanish. In 2004 the government initiated the "Spanish as a Foreign Language to those who don't know how to speak it (SAFFL) Initiative"[31] with a public launch in March 2005. People from Venezuela travel to Trinidad and Tobago to learn English, and many English schools have expanded to feature both English and Spanish.
Because of the country's colonial heritage, the names of towns in Trinidad are in roughly equal proportions of English (Chatham, Brighton, Green Hill, St. Mary's, Princes Town, Freeport, New Grant), French (Blanchisseuse, Sans Souci, Pointe-à-Pierre, Basse Terre, Matelot, Petit Bourg), Spanish (Puerto España, San Fernando, Sangre Grande, Rio Claro, San Juan, Las Cuevas, Maracas, Manzanilla, Los Bajos) East Indian (Fyzabad, Barrackpore, Indian Walk, Madras Settlement, Penal, Debe) and Amerindian languages (Chaguanas, Tunapuna, Guayaguayare, Carapichaima, Mucurapo, Chaguaramas, Arima, Arouca, Guaico, Oropouche, Aripo). In Tobago, English names predominate. However, there are several names which suggest its colonial past: Belle Garden, Bon Accord, Charlotteville, Les Coteaux, Parlatuvier (French), Auchenskeoch, Blenheim (Dutch), Great Courland Bay (the Courlanders).

Education

Children generally start pre-school at the early age of 3 years. This level of tuition is not mandatory but most children start school at this stage as children are expected to have basic reading and writing skills when they commence primary school. Students proceed to a primary school at the age of 5 years. Seven years are spent in primary school. The seven classes of primary school consists of Pre-Kindergarten and Kindergarten, followed by Standard One through Standard Five. During the final year of primary school, students prepare for and sit the Secondary Entrance Assessment (SEA) which determines the secondary school the child will attend.
Students attend secondary school for a minimum of five years, leading to the CSEC (Caribbean Secondary Education Certificate) examinations, which is the equivalent of the British GCSE O levels. Children with satisfactory grades may opt to continue high school for a further two year period, leading to the Caribbean Advanced Proficiency Examinations (CAPE), the equivalent of GCE A levels. Both CSEC and CAPE examinations are held by the Caribbean Examinations Council (CXC). Public Primary and Secondary education is free for all, although private and religious schooling is available for a fee.
Tertiary education is also free for all, however, up to the level of the Bachelors degrees for all students of the University of the West Indies (UWI), the University of Trinidad and Tobago (UTT), the University of the Southern Caribbean (USC) and certain other local accredited institutions. Government also currently subsidises some Masters programmes. Both the Government and the private sector also provide financial assistance in the form of academic scholarships to gifted or needy students for study at local, regional or international universities.

Culture

Members of a Costume band parade on the streets of Port of Spain during its pre-Lenten Carnival
It is also the birthplace of calypso music and the steelpan, which is widely claimed in Trinidad and Tobago to be the only acoustic musical instrument invented during the 20th century.[32] The diverse cultural and religious background allows for many festivities and ceremonies throughout the year.
Trinidad and Tobago claims two Nobel Prize-winning authors, V.S. Naipaul and St Lucian-born Derek Walcott. Edmundo Ros, the "King of Latin American Music", was born in Port of Spain. Designer Peter Minshall is renowned not only for his Carnival costumes, but also for his role in opening ceremonies of the Barcelona Olympics, the 1994 Football World Cup, the 1996 Summer Olympics and the 2002 Winter Olympics, for which he won an Emmy Award.

Sports

Olympics

Hasely Crawford won the first Olympic gold medal for Trinidad and Tobago in the men's 100 m dash in the 1976 Summer Olympics. Nine different athletes from Trinidad and Tobago have won twelve medals at the Olympics, beginning with a silver medal in weightlifting, won by Rodney Wilkes in 1948,[33] and most recently, a silver medal by Richard Thompson in the Men's 100m in 2008. Ato Boldon has won the most Olympic and World Championship medals for Trinidad and Tobago in athletics with eight in total – four from the Olympics and four from the World Championships. Boldon is the only world champion Trinidad and Tobago has produced to date in athletics. He won the 1997 200 m sprint World Championship in Athens. Swimmer George Bovell III has also won a bronze medal in the Men's 200m IM in 2004.

Cricket

Cricket is one of the most popular sports of Trinidad and Tobago, with intense inter-island rivalry with its Caribbean neighbours. Trinidad and Tobago plays Test Cricket, One Day International as well as Twenty20 cricket as a member of the West Indies team. The national team plays at the first-class level in regional competitions. Trinidad and Tobago along with other islands from the Caribbean co-hosted the 2007 Cricket World Cup. Brian Lara, world record holder for the most runs scored both in a Test and in a First Class innings and other records, was born in a small town of Santa Cruz, Trinidad and Tobago and is often referred to as the Prince of Port of Spain or simply the Prince. This legendary West Indian batsman is widely regarded as one of the best batsmen ever to have played the game, and is one of the most famous sporting icons in the country.

Football

The national football team qualified for the 2006 FIFA World Cup for the first time by beating Bahrain in Manama on 16 November 2005, making them the smallest country ever (in terms of population) to qualify. The team, coached by Dutchman Leo Beenhakker, and led by Tobagonian-born captain Dwight Yorke, drew their first group game – against Sweden in Dortmund – 0–0, but lost the second game to England on late goals, 0–2. They were eliminated after losing 2–0 to Paraguay in the last game of the Group Stage. Prior to the 2006 World Cup qualification, T&T came agonisingly close to qualifying in a controversial 1974 campaign. The referee was then fired based on unfairness. In 2007 a "rematch" was held between the two teams with the players that played in 1990 and was won by Trinidad and Tobago [34] and again for the 1990 competition needing only a draw at home against the United States but losing 1–0.[35] Trinidad and Tobago hosted the 2001 FIFA U-17 World Championship, and has been selected to host the 2010 FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup.

Baseball

The Trinidad and Tobago national baseball team is the national baseball team of Trinidad and Tobago. The team is controlled by the Baseball/Softball Association of Trinidad and Tobago, and represents the nation in international competitions. The team is a provisional member of the Pan American Baseball Confederation.

Other Sports

Netball has long been a popular sport in Trinidad and Tobago, although it has declined in popularity in recent years. At the Netball World Championships they co-won the event in 1979, were runners up in 1987, and second runners up in 1983.
Basketball is commonly played in Trinidad and Tobago in colleges, universities and throughout various urban basketball courts. Rugby continues to be a popular sport, and Horse Racing is regularly followed in the country.

International rankings

Organization Survey Ranking
Institute for Economics and Peace [1] Global Peace Index[36] 87 out of 144
United Nations Development Programme Human Development Index 64 out of 182
Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 79 out of 180
World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Report 86 out of 133
The Economist Worldwide Quality-of-life Index, 2005 51 out of 111
Heritage Foundation/The Wall Street Journal Index of Economic Freedom 55 out of 157
Reporters Without Borders Worldwide Press Freedom Index 28 out of 167

See also

References

  1. ^ Trinidad and Tobago -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia at www.britannica.com
  2. ^ a b c d "Trinidad and Tobago". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2009/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2006&ey=2009&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=369&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=51&pr.y=3. Retrieved 2009-10-01. 
  3. ^ Archipelagic Waters and Exclusive Economic Zone Act No 24 of 1986
  4. ^ "Treaty between the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago and the Republic of Venezuela on the delimitation of marine and submarine areas, 18 April 1990". The United Nations. http://www.un.org/Depts/los/LEGISLATIONANDTREATIES/PDFFILES/TREATIES/TTO-VEN1990SA.PDF. Retrieved 2009-04-13. 
  5. ^ "The 1990 Accord Replaces the 1942 Paris Treaty". Trinidad and Tobago News. http://www.trinidadandtobagonews.com/selfnews/viewnews.cgi?newsid1083159999,34015,.shtml. Retrieved 2009-04-13. 
  6. ^ "Background note Trinidad and Tobago". US Department of State. http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35638.htm. Retrieved August 2009. 
  7. ^ "Trinidad and Tobago Country brief". The World Bank. http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/LACEXT/TRINIDADANDTOBAGOEXTN/0,,contentMDK:21045974~menuPK:331460~pagePK:1497618~piPK:217854~theSitePK:331452,00.html. Retrieved September 2008. 
  8. ^ a b Hart, Marie. (1965). The New Trinidad and Tobago, p. 13. Collins. London and Glasgow. Reprint 1972.
  9. ^ Besson, 2000
  10. ^ (Brereton 1981)
  11. ^ a b c Brereton, Bridget(1981). A History of Modern Trinidad 1783-1962. London: Heinemann Educational Books
  12. ^ a b c Williams, Eric (1962). History of the People of Trinidad and Tobago. London : Andre Deutsch.
  13. ^ Meighoo, Kirk(2008)'Ethnic Mobilisation vs. Ethnic Politics: Understanding Ethnicity in Trinidad and Tobago Politics',Commonwealth & Comparative Politics,46:1,101–127
  14. ^ http://www.trinicenter.com/indian/indentureship.htm
  15. ^ (Deen, Shamshu (1994). Solving East Indian Roots in Trinidad. Freeport Junction. H.E.M. Enterprise. (ISBN 9768136251)
  16. ^ Tinker, Hugh (1991). A New System of Slavery: Export of Indian Labour Overseas (1830-1920). Hansib Publishing (Caribbean) Ltd.
  17. ^ Mohammed, Patricia (2002). Gender Negotiations Among Indians in Trinidad 1917-1947. Palgrave Macmillan.
  18. ^ Carmichael, Gertrude (1961). The History of the West Indian Islands of Trinidad and Tobago. 1498-1900, p. 14. Alvin Redman, London.
  19. ^ Trinidad and Tobgao government website
  20. ^ Ibid.
  21. ^ Trinidad News
  22. ^ U.S. State Department
  23. ^ US Energy Information Administration - LNG
  24. ^ Government of Trinidad and Tobago Information Services press release on water taxis
  25. ^ "Airport Authority of Trinidad and Tobago - Welcome to Piarco Airport". http://www.tntairports.com/piarco_about.html. 
  26. ^ "World Travel Awards". http://www.worldtravelawards.com/. 
  27. ^ "World Travel Award votes Piarco International Caribbean’s Leading Airport". 2006-10-12. http://www.tntairports.com/aat_press101206_2.html. 
  28. ^ "World’s First Global Training Centre on Aviation at Piarco International Airport". 10/12/2006. http://www.tntairports.com/aat_press101206.html. 
  29. ^ http://www.indexmundi.com/trinidad_and_tobago/demographics_profile.html Demographic Data
  30. ^ http://www.indexmundi.com/trinidad_and_tobago/demographics_profile.html 2000 Census information
  31. ^ Secretariat for The Implementation of Spanish, Government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
  32. ^ 20th Century Percussion
  33. ^ "Trinidad and Tobago's Olympic Medal Winners". http://www.nalis.gov.tt/Sport%5CSports_TTOlympicMedalists.html. Retrieved 2008-11-30. 
  34. ^ "Trinidad and Tobago Sport". http://www.nalis.gov.tt/Sport%5CBOLDON_LaraAmes.html. Retrieved 2008-11-30. 
  35. ^ "The Trinidad Guardian -Online Edition Ver 2.0". http://www.guardian.co.tt/archives/2005-11-19/pulse.html. Retrieved 2008-11-30. 
  36. ^ "Vision of Humanity". Vision of Humanity. http://www.visionofhumanity.org/gpi/home.php. Retrieved 2010-02-04. 

Further reading

  • Besson, Gérard & Brereton, Bridget. The Book of Trinidad (2nd edition, 1992), Port of Spain: Paria Publishing Co. Ltd.; ISBN 976-8054-36-0.
  • Besson, Gerard. Land of Beginnings - A historical digest, Newsday Newspaper, 27 August 2000.
  • Boomert, Arie. Trinidad, Tobago and the Lower Orinoco Interaction Sphere: An archaeological/ethnohistorical study. Alkmaar: Cairi Publications, 2000.
  • Lans C: Creole Remedies of Trinidad and Tobago.
  • Mendes, John. Cote ce Cote la: Trinidad & Tobago Dictionary. Arima, Trinidad. 1986
  • Saith, Radhica and Lyndersay, Mark. Why Not a Woman? Port of Spain: Paria Publishing Co. Ltd. ISBN 976-8054-42-5; 1993

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

North America : Caribbean : Trinidad and Tobago
Maracas Bay from the hills above
Location
noframe
Flag
Image:td-flag.png
Quick Facts
Capital Port of Spain
Government parliamentary democracy
Currency Trinidad and Tobago dollar (TTD)
Area 5,128 sq km
Population 1,065,842 (July 2006 est.)
Language English (official), Hindi, French, Spanish, Chinese
Religion Roman Catholic 29%, Hindu 24%, Anglican 11%, Muslim 6%, Presbyterian 3%, other 27%
Electricity 115-230V/60Hz (North American or UK plug)
Calling Code +1-868
Internet TLD .tt
Time Zone UTC -4
.Trinidad and Tobago [1] is a nation consisting primarily of two Caribbean islands just off the northeastern coast of Venezuela.^ Geography Trinidad and her tiny sister island of Tobago lie off the Venezuelan coast.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Overview | Trinidad and Tobago Tour Guide | iExplore 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.iexplore.com [Source type: News]

^ It consists of two main islands—Trinidad and Tobago—and several smaller islands.
  • Trinidad and Tobago -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ COUNTRY DESCRIPTION: Trinidad and Tobago is a developing nation in the Caribbean composed of two islands.
  • Trinidad & Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: News]

.The La Brea Pitch Lake, on Trinidad's southwestern coast, is the world's largest natural reservoir of asphalt.^ Pitch Lake, on Trinidad's southwestern coast, is the world's largest natural reservoir of asphalt .
  • Caribbean-Search.com search results for Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.caribbean-search.com [Source type: General]
  • Trinidad and Tobago Physical Map by Maps.com from Maps.com -- World’s Largest Map Store. 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.maps.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pitch Lake, in the southwest, is the world's largest (114 acres/46 hectares) basin of natural asphalt.
  • Trinidad and Tobago News - Breaking World Trinidad and Tobago News - The New York Times 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

^ We also have petroleum and the largest of ONLY three pitch lakes in de world!

Map of Trinidad and Tobago
Map of Trinidad and Tobago
Boroughs:
  • Arima - birthplace of famous calypso artiste "Lord Kitchener"
  • Chaguanas - fastest growing and largest municipality
  • Point Fortin - south western municipality, which lies on the outskirts of the La Brea Pitch Lake and is known for oil production
Towns:
  • Chaguaramas - a town with one of the major yachting centres, also famous for nightlife; venue of the 1999 Miss Universe Pageant.
  • Princes Town
  • Toco
  • St. James - fondly known by locals as the city that never sleeps
  • Caroni Bird Sanctuary and former sugar cane estates (very nice place to watch birds. .MANY mosquitoes)
  • Church of La Divina Pastora - contains a famous statue, believed to be of the Virgin Mary, also claimed by Amerindians
  • Point Lisas Industrial Estate - Trinidad's largest industrial estate
  • Pointe-A-Pierre oil refinery
  • North coast beaches (Maracas, Las Cuevas, Tyrico, Blanchisseuse)
  • Divali Nagar site (Divali, "The Festival of Lights" is the celebration of good over evil.^ The Point Lisas industrial park is nearby.
    • Culture of Trinidad and Tobago - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In the summer of 2003, Trinidad signed a landmark agreement with nearby Venezuela, one of the world’s largest producers, to collaborate in all aspects of the oil and gas industries.
    • Trinidad and Tobago History | iExplore 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.iexplore.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Pitch Lake, on Trinidad's southwestern coast, is the world's largest natural reservoir of asphalt .
    • Caribbean-Search.com search results for Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.caribbean-search.com [Source type: General]
    • Trinidad and Tobago Physical Map by Maps.com from Maps.com -- World’s Largest Map Store. 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.maps.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Trinidad and Tobago | Missionaries.com 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC missionaries.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Trinidad and Tobago Information 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.country-info.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The Hindu deity of wealth, Mother Lakshmi is held in high honour on this day.^ The last time it was actually held on New Years Day, and like back then, many of the ladies turned up in trendy dresses and high heels.
    • Trinidad and Tobago's Newsday : newsday.co.tt : Daily News from Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.newsday.co.tt [Source type: News]
    • Trinidad and Tobago's Newsday : newsday.co.tt : Daily News from Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.newsday.co.tt [Source type: News]

    ^ Australian High Commissioner Hosted Reception in Honour of World Youth Day 2008 On 1 July 2008 Australian High Commissioner, Mr Philip Kentwell, hosted a reception in honour of World Youth Day 2008 (WYD 2008) at his residence.

    ^ On 25 January 2008, Australian High Commissioner, Mr Philip Kentwell, hosted a reception in honour of Australia Day at his official residence.

    )
  • .
  • Fyzabad - annual labour day parade on June 19
  • La Brea Pitch Lake
  • Lopinot Historical Site - museum built on former Cocoa estate owned by French Count Charles Joseph de Lopinot
  • Penal and Debe - Two towns famous for Indian delicacies
  • Roxborough - Northern Tobago, tropical rainforest reserve
  • Down the Islands - the small islands off the north-west peninsula offer a calm retreat.
  • The Soap Kitchen - A company that manufactures handmade face and body soaps for personal use as well as guest amenities for hotels and guest houses.^ Hotels in Trinidad and Tobago 4-star Hotels in Trinidad and Tobago 3-star Hotels in Trinidad and Tobago Amenities .
    • Trinidad and Tobago Hotels: Read Trinidad and Tobago Hotel Reviews and Compare Prices - TripAdvisor 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.tripadvisor.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Caroni Bird sanctuary and former sugar cane estates Church of La Divina Pastora - Contains a famous statue, believed to be of the Virgin Mary, also claimed by Amerindians Point Lisas industrial estate - Largest industrial estate in the country Pointe-A-Pierre oil refinery North coast beaches (Las Cuevas, Maracas, Tyrico) Divali Nagar site Fyzabad - Annual labour day parade on June 19 La Brea Pitch Lake Lopinot - Museum built on former Cocoa estate owned by French count Charles Joseph de Lopinot Penal and Debe - Famous for Indian delicacies Roxborough - Northern Tobago, tropical rainforest Sangre Grande U.W.I. St. Augustine Down the Islands - The small islands off the North East penninsula offer a calm retreat.
    • Trinidad and Tobago Guide: List of Things to Do in Trinidad and Tobago - Hotels in Trinidad and Tobago, Trips, Destinations and Reviews - TripWiser: Social Trip Planner for Family Trips and Road Trips 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.tripwiser.com [Source type: General]

    ^ It consists of two islands, Trinidad and Tobago.
    • Trinidad and Tobago - Wikinfo 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Visitors are welcome to view whatever aspect of the soapmaking process that is being conducted at the time of their visit, from the blending of oils and lye, to the molds used to make each batch and the cutters used to cut each bar to the packaging of every soap bar.

Understand

.The islands were first inhabited by Arawak and Carib people, who settled here from the South American mainland, and whose descendants make up a small minority of the population.^ The original inhabitants of this Caribbean island belong to the Arawaks and Caribs tribe.
  • Caribbean Beach Hotels | Trinidad and Tobago Hotels | Caribbean Beach Club | Trinidad and Tobago Caribbean Resorts 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.tobagobeachresort.net [Source type: General]

^ On July 31, 1498, Christopher Columbus discovered the islands, which were inhabited by about 40,000 native peoples (Arawaks and Caribs) whom he called Indians.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Geography The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, the most southerly of the Caribbean islands, is northeast of the South American country of Venezuela .
  • World InfoZone - Trinidad and Tobago Information - Page 1 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.worldinfozone.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A cosmopolitan society exists and the majority of the population descended from African slaves and East Indian indentured servants.^ A cosmopolitan society exists but the majority of the population descended from African slaves and East Indian indentured servants.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Guide: List of Things to Do in Trinidad and Tobago - Hotels in Trinidad and Tobago, Trips, Destinations and Reviews - TripWiser: Social Trip Planner for Family Trips and Road Trips 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.tripwiser.com [Source type: General]

^ The population of both these islands is approximately 1.3 million, comprising of descendants of various ethnic groups, Africans, Indians, Europeans, Chinese, Syrians.

^ Trinidad's East Indian culture came to the island with indentured servants brought to fill a labor shortage created by the emancipation of the African slaves in 1833.
  • GeographyIQ - World Atlas - North America - Trinidad and Tobago - Historical Highlights 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.geographyiq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Additionally, some laborers were imported from Portugal and China.^ Additionally, some laborers were imported from Portugal and China.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Guide: List of Things to Do in Trinidad and Tobago - Hotels in Trinidad and Tobago, Trips, Destinations and Reviews - TripWiser: Social Trip Planner for Family Trips and Road Trips 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.tripwiser.com [Source type: General]

.However, most of the Portuguese laborers could not cope with the hot tropical climate and died.^ However, most of the Portuguese laborers could not cope with the hot tropical climate and died off.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Guide: List of Things to Do in Trinidad and Tobago - Hotels in Trinidad and Tobago, Trips, Destinations and Reviews - TripWiser: Social Trip Planner for Family Trips and Road Trips 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.tripwiser.com [Source type: General]

.The Chinese grew tired of slave-like labor and started their own businesses such as small shops and laundromats.^ The Chinese grew fed up of slave like labor and started their own businesses such as small shops and laundromats.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Guide: List of Things to Do in Trinidad and Tobago - Hotels in Trinidad and Tobago, Trips, Destinations and Reviews - TripWiser: Social Trip Planner for Family Trips and Road Trips 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.tripwiser.com [Source type: General]

^ Whether you're a small business, starting a woman-owned business or make a living from agriculture, there are some special products and services geared toward your unique needs.
  • Banks in Trinidad and Tobago: Providers and Solutions | Business.com 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.business.com [Source type: News]

^ As Africans lost their own languages, what would have started out as pidgin for basic communication grew into a language capable of the whole range of expression.
  • PEOPLE 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC users.rcn.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Spanish, French, and Dutch all had a presence here before the two islands came under British control as a single colony in the late 19th century.^ Trinidad and Tobago, Trinidad and Tobago map, Trinidad and Tobago flag Trinidad and Tobago: First colonized by the Spanish, the islands came under British control in the early 19th century.
  • Trinidad and Tobago, Trinidad and Tobago map, Trinidad and Tobago flag 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.enjoytravelling.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The British merged to two islands into one colony.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Travel Guide 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.epictrip.com [Source type: General]

^ The island was held by the Dutch and the French before being acquired by the British in 1803.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Trinidad and Tobago News - Breaking World Trinidad and Tobago News - The New York Times 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

Trinidad and Tobago became independent in 1962.
The two islands have distinct personalities. .Trinidad is the larger of the two, and is the location of most of the country's cities and activity.^ As the majority of the population live in Trinidad, this is the location of most major towns and cities.

^ The Trinidad and Tobago ISO country code is a two- or three-letter code to represent Trinidad and Tobago internationally.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Country Code 1 868 Country Code TT 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC countrycode.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If there is no Trinidad and Tobago Office located near to you, an application may be made to a British Embassy or Consulate in a non-Commonwealth country.

.It is also the country's industrial centre, noted for petroleum and natural gas production, which make T&T one of the most prosperous countries in the Caribbean.^ At present, the country is one of the most prosperous in the Caribbean, thanks largely to petroleum and natural gas production and processing.
  • Trinidad and Tobago - Wikinfo 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The country is one of the most prosperous in the Caribbean thanks largely to petroleum and natural gas production and processing.
  • Trinidad and Tobago - Republic of Trinidad and Tobago - Destination Twin Isles, Windward Islands, Caribbean, West Indies, the Caribbean Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, Lesser Antilles 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.nationsonline.org [Source type: News]
  • Trinidad and Tobago - Encyclopedia of Earth 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.eoearth.org [Source type: Academic]
  • GeographyIQ - World Atlas - North America - Map of Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.geographyiq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Trinidad and Tobago, Trinidad and Tobago map, Trinidad and Tobago flag 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.enjoytravelling.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Country Fast Facts: Trinidad & Tobago - CBS News 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.cbsnews.com [Source type: General]
  • InsideTrinidadAndTobago- Local News and Information 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.insideworld.com [Source type: News]

^ Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, asphalt .

.Tobago is known for tourism, which is its main industry and is a popular tourist destination.^ Tobago is a growing international tourist destination.
  • Culture of Trinidad and Tobago - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However our smaller sister island Tobago does, and so has kept her beaches clean, winning awards as the BEST TOURIST DESTINATION IN THE CARIBBEAN!!

^ Trinidad and Tobago market the natural beauty of the island to attract visitors.  Much of the tourist industry is based on activities related to the environment.
  • Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC darwin.bio.uci.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Both islands have a share of natural beauty.^ Trinidad and Tobago market the natural beauty of the island to attract visitors.  Much of the tourist industry is based on activities related to the environment.
  • Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC darwin.bio.uci.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With all of these natural wonders on full display, the only point of contention is which island is more beautiful.

Get in

Visa requirements

.Those with passports from USA, UK, and Canada do not require a visa.^ Citizens of the USA, Canada, and most European Commonwealth countries do not require visas.
  • Trinidad and Tobago travel & resort/hotel information - Debbie's Caribbean Travel & Resort Reviews 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.debbiescaribbeanresortreviews.com [Source type: General]

^ London UK, Washington USA, New York USA, Miami USA and Toronto Canada.
  • http://immigration.gov.tt/applicationloader.asp?app=articles&id=772 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC immigration.gov.tt [Source type: Academic]

.Australia and New Zealand may require a visa in advance through the local embassy, or a waiver.^ Visas are required by citizens of some countries, including Australia, New Zealand, India and Sri Lanka.
  • Trinidad and Tobago travel & resort/hotel information - Debbie's Caribbean Travel & Resort Reviews 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.debbiescaribbeanresortreviews.com [Source type: General]

^ Some preliminary research assistance may be provided for foreign researchers, but full access to the collection requires a visit to the local reading room.
  • GlobaLex - Trinidad and Tobago Law and Legal Research 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.nyulawglobal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ However, a preferential margin of 10% is accorded to local suppliers of goods and services, and, in some cases, if tenders go to foreigners, a local agent may be required.
  • WTO | Trade policy review - Trinidad and Tobago 1998 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.wto.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

For details, and information on other countries, view the official web site

By plane

.The main airport is Piarco International Airport (IATA: POS) on Trinidad, approximately 25 km south east of Port of Spain.^ Most popular flights to Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago (POS) .
  • Book Flights to Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago (POS) - Get Airline Tickets at Expedia 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC flights.expedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Departure - Depart Piarco Airport in Port-of-Spain (POS) early on May 20.
  • Cheesemans' Ecology Safaris: Trinidad and Tobago, May 2011 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.cheesemans.com [Source type: General]

^ Current conditions in Piarco International Airport - Trinidad .
  • Current local time in Trinidad and Tobago – Port of Spain 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC timeanddate.com [Source type: News]

Air service is available from Miami, Ft. .Lauderdale, Houston, New York (JFK & Newark), and San Juan, Puerto Rico; Toronto, Canada; London, UK; Caracas, Venezuela; Panama City, Republic of Panama; Georgetown, Guyana; Barbados and various other islands in the Caribbean.^ Later immigrants often chose the second option and increasingly became part of the distinctly Caribbean community in New York City and Florida.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Location: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela .

^ As in other island countries, the most popular breed is the Barbados Blackbelly (JPG), the "antelope-like" sheep, brown in color, with black points and a black underbelly.

Airlines serving Trinidad (IATA/POS) are:

Caribbean Airlines (The National Airline) http://www.caribbean-airlines.com Direct flights from Miami, New York, Toronto, Ft Lauderdale, Caracas, Guyana, Barbados, Jamaica and other caribbean Islands
Delta Airlines http://www.delta.com Direct flights from Atlanta and New York
American Airlines http://www.aa.com Direct flights from Miami
Continental Airlines http://www.continental.com Direct flights from Houston and Newark
British Airways Direct flights from London Gatwick
COPA Airlines Direct and connecting flights from Central and South America via Panama
Liat Airline http://www.liatairline.com regional island hopper in the eastern Caribbean
Conviasa (venezuelan Airline with flights from The island of Margarita Venezuela)
Tobago's Crown Point Airport (IATA: TAB) has limited direct service, mostly to London

Airlines serving Tobago (IATA/TAB) are:

Caribbean Airlines (offering domestic flights from Trinidad as well as a direct flight from Barbados)
LIAT Airline (offering direct flights from Barbados and Grenada)
Virgin Atlantic (direct flights from Gatwick London)
British Airways (direct Flights from Gatwick London)
Monarch Airways (charter service from Gatwick London)
Condor (Charter service from FrankFurt, Germany)
Delta Airlines (direct flights from Atlanta)
.International departure tax is TT$100 (about US$16.50), which is now included in the cost of your ticket at the point of sale.^ Any departure or airport tax if not included on the international flight tickets.
  • Cheesemans' Ecology Safaris: Trinidad and Tobago, May 2011 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.cheesemans.com [Source type: General]

^ The islands now cater to about 400,000 visitors annually; the industry is worth about US$275 million to the Trinidadian economy.
  • Trinidad and Tobago History | iExplore 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.iexplore.com [Source type: News]

^ We will arrange the flights between Trinidad and Tobago and the cost will be included with the final payment, which should be about $150 round trip (quoted September 2009).
  • Cheesemans' Ecology Safaris: Trinidad and Tobago, May 2011 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.cheesemans.com [Source type: General]

By boat

Trinidad is a popular location among yacht owners. .Most anchor in the Chaguaramas area on the far northwest side of the island.^ This area is considered the most tranquil and loveliest on the island.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Homes for sale*Luxury Homes and Luxury Real Estate*Realtors and agents* Houses*Condos 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.luxuryhomesnetwork.com [Source type: News]

.The Trinidad and Tobago Sailing Association[2] provides services to boaters, who are locally known as "Yachties". Cruise ships can also dock at the Cruise Ship Complex in Port of Spain.^ The capital of Trinidad and Tobago is Port of Spain , located on the northwestern coast of Trinidad.
  • Trinidad and Tobago -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Additional flight service from Trinidad to Tobago .

^ The following are some places associated with "Trinidad and Tobago" British Empire (historical state, United Kingdom) Caroni River (river, Trinidad and Tobago) Gulf of Paria (gulf, South America) Lesser Antilles (islands, West Indies) Port of Spain (Trinidad and Tobago) San Fernando (Trinidad and Tobago) Scarborough (Trinidad and Tobago) South America West Indies Other .
  • Trinidad and Tobago -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Get around

Within the islands

By taxi

Taxicabs are simply normal passenger cars with no special markings. .However, their license plates start with the letter "H". They are found at Taxi stands which may be at a street corner or at the side of the road.^ To those who disapprove of the activity, liming loitering, as in groups of aimless men standing around at the street corners or sitting on a culvert watching the world go by.
  • PEOPLE 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC users.rcn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Keep watch for monkeys that may be found high in the trees along the road.
  • Cheesemans' Ecology Safaris: Trinidad and Tobago, May 2011 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.cheesemans.com [Source type: General]

Taxi stands in the cities and boroughs are usually marked, but outside of the city they are not. However, one can hail a taxi from the side of the road and ask where they are going and the fare before hiring the taxi. .One pays for an individual seat and the taxicabs are shared, but a whole car can be hired if so desired, and if there are not a lot of passengers waiting.^ Hi all- there has been a lot of guest blogging in the recent week, but this one is just me (Elizabeth, the TA).

Airport taxis are an exception to this in that one almost always has to hire the whole car.
.There are larger taxis, called "Maxi Taxis" or simply "Maxis" that go along a specified route.^ There have also been reports of attempts to illegally block traffic along Lady Young Road, which is an alternate airport route close to the city of Port of Spain.
  • Travel Advice for Trinidad and Tobago - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.smartraveller.gov.au [Source type: News]

^ Road transport is effected mainly through buses and thousands of shared route taxis (cars and minibuses, popularly known as "maxi taxis").
  • a n a n s i w e b w o r k s  version TWO - About Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC anansiweb.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

These are similar to mini buses and are painted white or beige and have a colored band around them. Each maxi usually holds approximately 11 or 25 passengers. The colour of the band indicates the area in which they travel. They have their own taxi stands and terminals. .In Port of Spain, the maxis depart and arrive at the City Gate terminal, and in San Fernando they depart and arrive at the bus terminal at King's Wharf.^ They chose Port of Spain as the capital.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Port of Spain Mayor Murchison Brown says he will not relax rules to allow vendors to ply their trade at anytime so they can cash in on Christmas sales.
  • San Fernando, Trinidad and Tobago News - Topix 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.topix.net [Source type: News]

^ There have also been reports of attempts to illegally block traffic along Lady Young Road, which is an alternate airport route close to the city of Port of Spain.
  • Travel Advice for Trinidad and Tobago - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.smartraveller.gov.au [Source type: News]

If so desired, a maxi taxi can be hired for a whole day on a chartered trip. These can be negotiated directly with the maxi taxi drivers in advance. Prices vary.
Gypsy cabs are available as well. .Locally they are called "PH" because they are private cars illegally used for hire.^ Pay the local rate for local calls and use a cellular phone in Trinidad and Tobago like you do at home.
  • Trinidad and Tobago SIM Card 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.telestial.com [Source type: General]

^ Because they are recent immigrants, Chinese and Lebanese cultures remain fairly closed--practiced "privately" while participating in the common culture of the country.
  • PEOPLE 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC users.rcn.com [Source type: Original source]

.Use caution as "PH" drivers have been linked to crime including murder, kidnapping and robbery and carry no insurance for hired passengers.^ Those which are in the use and possession of the passenger for at least one (1) year - no duties and taxes are payable.
  • Trinidad & Tobago High Commission - Ottawa, Canada - Frequently Asked Questions 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.ttmissions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Serious crimes against tourists and foreigners, including rape and armed robbery, have been reported in Tobago.
  • Travel Advice for Trinidad and Tobago - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.smartraveller.gov.au [Source type: News]

^ Penalties for some serious crimes, including murder and treason, include the death penalty.
  • Travel Advice for Trinidad and Tobago - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.smartraveller.gov.au [Source type: News]

Some tips
  • All taxi fares are to be paid in cash in TT dollars. .Some drivers accept US dollars, Canadian dollars or Euros, but they may not give you a favorable exchange rate.^ If you have an expertise or just wish to lend a hand please give us a call.

    ^ The exchange rate for the Trinidad and Tobago Dollar was last updated on ?
    • Calculator for Trinidad and Tobago Dollar (TTD) Currency Exchange Rate Conversion 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC coinmill.com [Source type: General]

    ^ What unites all these teams is that they wear red, a colour that some scientists say gives such an advantage in sport that it should even be regulated.

    It's okay to ask your fare in advance. In Maxi taxis, pay the conductor, or the driver if there is no conductor. Tipping is not expected except for airport taxis. However, if you feel generous, you can give a tip if you desire. .Taxi drivers usually do not provide receipts.
  • If going off the usual designated route (usually the main road), tell the taxi driver before you board the taxi.^ Before you go, organise a variety of ways to access your money overseas, such as credit cards, travellers' cheques, cash, debit cards or cash cards.
    • Travel Advice for Trinidad and Tobago - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.smartraveller.gov.au [Source type: News]

    .Some may not want to go off the main road due to crime or bad roads.^ However, a preferential margin of 10% is accorded to local suppliers of goods and services, and, in some cases, if tenders go to foreigners, a local agent may be required.
    • WTO | Trade policy review - Trinidad and Tobago 1998 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.wto.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ May be some of your visitors want to check my site: .

    .If you fail to notify them in advance, they may just drop you off at a close point to your destination and you'll have to walk.^ Favorites You don't appear to have any favorites yet, or your cookies may be disabled.
    • Tobago Crown Point, Trinidad And Tobago Forecast : Weather Underground 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.wunderground.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Free Research Consultation Are you just not sure where to begin your genealogy research?
    • Trinidad and Tobago Genealogy, Family History, Ancestry 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.mygenealogist.com [Source type: General]

    ^ You may not post new threads You may not post replies You may not post attachments You may not edit your posts .
    • Port of Spain, Trinidad & Tobago - SkyscraperCity 20 September 2009 0:17 UTC www.skyscrapercity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Maxi taxis will usually not go off the designated route, however, some of them will ask passengers if an alternate route can be taken if there is excessive traffic.^ However, a preferential margin of 10% is accorded to local suppliers of goods and services, and, in some cases, if tenders go to foreigners, a local agent may be required.
    • WTO | Trade policy review - Trinidad and Tobago 1998 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.wto.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .If in doubt as to whether the maxi will miss your destination, ask the conductor.
  • Avoid looking for a taxi or maxi during rush hour (AM and PM, but PM is worse).^ If you are travelling to Trinidad and Tobago during hurricane season, you should contact your tour operator to check whether tourist services at your planned destination have been affected.
    • Travel Advice for Trinidad and Tobago - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.smartraveller.gov.au [Source type: News]

    ^ Public transport, such as maxi-taxis, should be avoided if possible in favour of safer means of transport, such as taxis hailed from ranks at major hotels.
    • Travel Advice for Trinidad and Tobago - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.smartraveller.gov.au [Source type: News]

    The taxi stands tend to be crowded, and others may resort to stopping the taxi before the taxi stand. .The net result is that the taxi is full before it reaches the stand and the wait may be exceedingly long.
  • Some maxi and taxi drivers will want to put more than the legal number of passengers in the vehicle.^ The ever-present cacophony in urban areas is the result of cars, taxis, "maxi-taxi" minibuses, street vendors, pedestrians, and the homeless jamming the streets.
    • Culture of Trinidad and Tobago - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Some preliminary research assistance may be provided for foreign researchers, but full access to the collection requires a visit to the local reading room.
    • GlobaLex - Trinidad and Tobago Law and Legal Research 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.nyulawglobal.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Thereafter, an election for President shall be held not more than sixty days nor less than thirty days before the expiration of the term of that office.
    • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

    This is a dangerous and illegal practice, as there is no insurance coverage for any of the passengers if the maxi taxi is overloaded and gets into an accident. .Politely decline or at least know what you're risking.
  • If your taxi or maxi is involved in a crash, make a report to the police as soon as possible in order to secure your legal rights.^ Whether you're a small business, starting a woman-owned business or make a living from agriculture, there are some special products and services geared toward your unique needs.
    • Banks in Trinidad and Tobago: Providers and Solutions | Business.com 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.business.com [Source type: News]

    ^ And very few species could be considered noxious: even the snakes are non-poisonous, which is always nice to know when you're walking through the rainforest.
    • Trinidad and Tobago Hotels : Resorts : Villas : Vacations :: CaribbeanMag.com 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.caribbeanmag.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I was wondering if you know how to make "aloe pie."

    Taxi drivers are required to carry insurance for all passengers. Police reports can be made in person to the police station that has jurisdiction. Ask a local. They will know. .If you or someone requires immediate medical attention, dial 999 or 990.
  • Some taxi stands will fill up the taxis from the back going forward.^ It takes you 20 minutes by bus or taxi to go to the island's capital Scarborough.
    • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

    This is more common in the cities and boroughs.
  • To stop a maxi taxi while on it (i.e. at your destination) push the stop button. They will sometimes not be labeled, but by law maxi taxis are required to have them.
  • Smoking is allowed by law, but is up to the discretion of the driver to allow it in his/her taxi. It's best to smoke outside.

By bus

.Buses are run by the Public Transport Service Corporation (PTSC) owned by the Government of Trinidad and Tobago.^ The Trinidad and Tobago government has threatened to...
  • Trinidad and Tobago Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Parliament of the government of Trinidad and Tobago .
  • GlobaLex - Trinidad and Tobago Law and Legal Research 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.nyulawglobal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Additional flight service from Trinidad to Tobago .

.Buses and bus tickets are available at City Gate in Port-of-Spain, King's Wharf in San Fernando and various other terminals and bus stops.^ Located minutes from various Industrial Estates, Universities, Financial Centres, and 30 minutes from Port of Spain.
  • WhereToStay.com: Trinidad and Tobago Villas, Hotels and Resorts with reviews. 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.wheretostay.com [Source type: General]

^ There have also been reports of attempts to illegally block traffic along Lady Young Road, which is an alternate airport route close to the city of Port of Spain.
  • Travel Advice for Trinidad and Tobago - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.smartraveller.gov.au [Source type: News]

^ The Uriah Butler and Solomon Hochoy Highways connect the two cities - Port of Spain in the north and San Fernando in the south, while the Beetham and Churchill Roosevelt Highways connect Port of Spain to Arima, the major town in the east .
  • a n a n s i w e b w o r k s  version TWO - About Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC anansiweb.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A ticket is required to board the bus. Bus drivers do not accept cash or credit cards. see: http://www.ptsc.co.tt

By Domestic Ferry

.There is now a domestic ferry operating on the island of Trinidad between the two main cities of Port-of-Spain in the north and San Fernando in the south.^ Port of Spain is Trinidad & Tobago's most developed city.

^ Trinidad and Tobago are the two main islands of the country and there are twenty one smaller islands.
  • Trinidad and Tobago - Blog Toplist 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.blogtoplist.com [Source type: General]

^ There are three major municipalities in Trinidad: Port of Spain, the capital, San Fernando, and Chaguanas.

.The ferry ride is approximately 45 minutes between destinations and a one-way trip costs TT$15.00 (approximately US$2.50).^ We will arrange the flights between Trinidad and Tobago and the cost will be included with the final payment, which should be about $150 round trip (quoted September 2009).
  • Cheesemans' Ecology Safaris: Trinidad and Tobago, May 2011 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.cheesemans.com [Source type: General]

^ Scarborough lies about 5 km away, while guests will reach Crown Point international airport in approximately 15 minutes.
  • Trinidad And Tobago Vacation Packages - Save on air + hotel Trinidad And Tobago packages - Cheap Trinidad And Tobago Vacations 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC beach.tripmasters.com [Source type: General]

^ Between 1993 and 1997, imports more than doubled, while exports increased by around 50%, and in 1997 a trade deficit of US$610 million was registered.
  • WTO | Trade policy review - Trinidad and Tobago 1998 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.wto.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Driving

Car rental is widely available, and driving is on the left side (British style). .There are several companies that rent cars including international chains such as Budget and Hertz.^ It has been the recipient of a UNESCO prize and has performed at several major international events, including the Sydney Olympics in 2000 and at the opening of the Rugby World Cup in 2003.

There are also local companies such as Auto Rentals, Kalloo's and many others. It is best to reserve a car in advance. However, one can rent a car at the airport upon arrival. .The license plates of rental cars are usually designated with an "R" (meaning "Rental") as the first letter.^ Status symbols tend to be Western symbols—material possessions such as cars, the year model of which are designated by their license plates, houses, television sets, and dress.
  • Culture of Trinidad and Tobago - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some private individuals will rent cars with plates designated with the letter "P" (meaning "Private"), but this is an illegal practice and it is better to rent a car with an "R" plate.^ Status symbols tend to be Western symbols—material possessions such as cars, the year model of which are designated by their license plates, houses, television sets, and dress.
  • Culture of Trinidad and Tobago - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, it is becoming common practice for criminals to target drivers of rental cars since many locals seem to believe all foreigners are rich.^ We all had a great time hanging out and dancing, even though we seemed to be the only ones, and got some weird looks from locals sitting at the bar.

^ Trinidad's rich deposit of oil and its strategic location have attracted many foreign powers over the years, most notably the United States.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But today some Hindi vocabulary has become the common property of all.
  • PEOPLE 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC users.rcn.com [Source type: Original source]

.So more and more car rental firms are now outfitting their cars with "P" in hopes that it would disguise the fact that the car is actually a rental.^ Weather Forums Island Facts Attractions Articles Car Rentals .
  • Trinidad and Tobago Hotels : Resorts : Villas : Vacations :: CaribbeanMag.com 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.caribbeanmag.com [Source type: General]

Road conditions and traffic
Beware of drivers who do not follow the laws of the road. They may not stop at red lights, and make unannounced turns whenever, wherever! If you're only accustomed to right-side driving (US/ Canada/ Cont. Europe) strongly consider not driving at all. Basically, it is driving based on common sense. Drive to stay alive. .If you foresee the possibility of unpleasantness, especially one that can turn into a road rage incident, avoid it.^ Infrastructure improvement is one of the government's budget priorities, especially rehabilitating rural roads and bridges, rural electrification, flood control, and improved drainage and sewerage.
  • Trinidad and Tobago, Trinidad and Tobago map, Trinidad and Tobago flag 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.enjoytravelling.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If possible, avoid travel outside Port of Spain or San Fernando after dark, especially the Beetham Highway.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

Speed limits are in effect (80 km/h on highways), but rarely enforced. In fact, the police use timers, not radar, to catch speeders. It is a fun experience, if you can drive well, to enjoy the roads especially late at night or early morning. .Avoid speeding on the main highways in rush hour or around the Queen's Park Savannah at any time.^ Located just 2 blocks east of Queens Park Savannah which caters for many social, sporting and cultural activities, the main road way to the islands capital city Port of Spain fronts Admirals Inn.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

^ Controversial faith-healer, Benny Hinn, is scheduled to conduct his "International Crusade" in Trinidad at the Queens Park Savannah on May 19-21, 2006.

^ Crown Point international airport is around 45 km away and can also be reached by taxi (journey time of around 1 hour 15 minutes).
  • Trinidad And Tobago Vacation Packages - Save on air + hotel Trinidad And Tobago packages - Cheap Trinidad And Tobago Vacations 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC beach.tripmasters.com [Source type: General]

Other than that, chances that you will be pulled over are next to nil.
.Although you will see many drivers doing it, it is against the law to make a left turn on Red (equivalent to a right turn on red in Left Hand Drive countries such as the United States).^ Since 2003, the country has entered a second oil boom, a driving for many European tourists.
  • Top20TrinidadandTobago.com - Your Top20 Guide to Trinidad and Tobago! 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.top20trinidadandtobago.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the 1930s and 1940s Padmore, C.L.R. James, and Eric Williams joined W. E. B. DuBois and others in criticizing foreign interference in Africa and discrimination against blacks in the United States.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since the turn of the twentieth century, there have been three distinct waves of Caribbean immigrants into the United States.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

U-Turns are also illegal.
Taxis and Maxi Taxis in particular have been linked to a lot of crashes and traffic deaths. .They will often stop without warning to pick up or drop off passengers, make risky maneuvers and generally drive recklessly.^ Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1) regulations made under that subsection may, subject to section 11, make provision for the detention of persons.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ We dropped Cristo off back at his house (which was a 20 min drive and both Tim and I fell asleep) and then picked up groceries for the rest of the crew.

^ This way they make money off you also.
  • Calculator for Trinidad and Tobago Dollar (TTD) Currency Exchange Rate Conversion 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC coinmill.com [Source type: General]

While these may illegal, the police don't seem to bother them except for occasional spot checks and road blocks. Police action involving Maxi Taxis and Taxis usually happens when they cause serious traffic problems, in which case, it is not uncommon for the Police and the town or city to relocate the Maxi Taxis.
.People will also park their vehicles in the middle of the road where there is no shoulder.^ There is no relief from the payment of VAT in respect of a motor vehicle imported by a returning national.
  • Trinidad & Tobago High Commission - Ottawa, Canada - Frequently Asked Questions 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.ttmissions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Wait until the opposite lane clears, then go around the parked car.
.In more populated areas, such as the cities of Port of Spain and San Fernando, watch out for pedestrians, as jaywalking is the norm.^ The Uriah Butler and Solomon Hochoy Highways connect the two cities - Port of Spain in the north and San Fernando in the south, while the Beetham and Churchill Roosevelt Highways connect Port of Spain to Arima, the major town in the east .
  • a n a n s i w e b w o r k s  version TWO - About Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC anansiweb.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Our stunning new Port of Spain hotel offers unprecedented luxuries in the most desired more--> .
  • WhereToStay.com: Trinidad and Tobago Villas, Hotels and Resorts with reviews. 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.wheretostay.com [Source type: General]

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The President of Trinidad and Tobago's Senate, Dr Linda Baboolal, has spoken out in favour of making all Members of Parliament in Trinidad and Tobago full-time.

Pedestrian crossing traffic signals are few and far between. Additionally, they require people to push the button in most cases. Most people don't bother and just wait for traffic to clear, or run across the road. Be cautious as hitting a pedestrian, jaywalking or not, can land you in more trouble than hitting a car.
Driving without insurance or with crooked insurers is fairly common. Sadly, it is not enforced as it is in the US or Europe. .Use caution and try to avoid an accident as the other person may not have insurance, or their insurance may not be willing to settle with you.^ In addition to High Commission/Consulate General Diplomatic/Consular staff, the following persons may take statutory declarations in Canada for use in Trinidad and Tobago: .
  • Trinidad & Tobago High Commission - Ottawa, Canada - Frequently Asked Questions 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.ttmissions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The functions of the Director of Public Prosecutions under subsection (3) may be exercised by him in person or through other persons acting under and in accordance with his general or special instructions.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

Many road signs are old and not highly visible. Distances are marked in kilometres. .Some rural areas off the main highways may have homes whose ground floors are paved with cow dung and dirt, called "leepay."^ Urdu is spoken in some rural areas.
  • Culture of Trinidad and Tobago - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ombudsman considers that he ought to investigate the matter on the ground that some person or body of persons has or may have sustained such injustice.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Utilities are fairly reliable in cities, but some rural areas suffer from power failures and water shortages in the dry season.
  • Trinidad and Tobago, Trinidad and Tobago map, Trinidad and Tobago flag 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.enjoytravelling.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

However, this trend is fast disappearing as Trinidad on a whole becomes more wealthy.

Time and distance

.If planning to go to the other side of the island (Trinidad), get an early start and allow the entire day with nothing important scheduled for the late afternoon.^ Tobago's development was similar to other plantation islands in the Lesser Antilles and quite different from Trinidad.
  • Trinidad and Tobago, Trinidad and Tobago map, Trinidad and Tobago flag 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.enjoytravelling.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Trinidad has recently launched its indents (Independence Feast) in late August, with other events such as Too Season, and Point Fortin Borough Day being supported by the State tourism sector.
  • a n a n s i w e b w o r k s  version TWO - About Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC anansiweb.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Emigration from Trinidad and Tobago, as with other Caribbean nations, has historically been high; most emigrants go to the United States , Canada and Britain .
  • Top20TrinidadandTobago.com - Your Top20 Guide to Trinidad and Tobago! 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.top20trinidadandtobago.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although the island is not huge, getting somewhere can take longer than you might think.^ It takes you 20 minutes by bus or taxi to go to the island's capital Scarborough.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

.With the influx of used cars from Asia (locally called "foreign used") cars and the growing economy, more people own cars than ever.^ A band can have 4,000-7,000 people divided into 25 or more sections, each with it's own theme and several music trucks.
  • IZATRINI.com | Trinidad and Tobago Dictionary of Terms 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.izatrini.com [Source type: General]

^ The more affluent people become, the less use they have for the larger family.
  • PEOPLE 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC users.rcn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Additionally, mixed people more often are called douglas rather than creoles.
  • Culture of Trinidad and Tobago - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Therefore traffic jams are not uncommon, especially when going to Port of Spain.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Trinidad's opposition leader, Basdeo Panday could go on trial this week for a breach of the country's Integrity in Public Life Act.

Inter-island transport

.There are two options for travel between Trinidad and Tobago - by ferry and by air.^ Trinidad And Tobago travel deals.
  • Trinidad And Tobago Travel: Deals and travel information for Trinidad And Tobago, Caribbean- lastminute.com 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.lastminute.com [Source type: General]

^ Trinidad and Tobago are southeasterly islands of the Antilles , situated between 10° 2' and 11° 12' N latitude and 60° 30' and 61° 56' W longitude .
  • Top20TrinidadandTobago.com - Your Top20 Guide to Trinidad and Tobago! 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.top20trinidadandtobago.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Buy World Cup 2010 qualifying match tickets and travel packages online safely and securely – there’s no better way to support Trinidad and Tobago than screaming from the stands!
  • Trinidad And Tobago Football Federation – TTFF - News, History, Trinidad and Tobaga Football Teams, Results 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.oleole.com [Source type: General]

.Travelling by air will cost TT$300 (US$50) round trip or TT$150 one way per person.^ Cost per Person, Double Occupancy .
  • Cheesemans' Ecology Safaris: Trinidad and Tobago, May 2011 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.cheesemans.com [Source type: General]

^ The hotel features one inclusive spa treatment per person per day (excluding arrival and departure days), and a variety of leisure activities to enhance the relaxing experience.
  • Trinidad And Tobago Vacation Packages - Save on air + hotel Trinidad And Tobago packages - Cheap Trinidad And Tobago Vacations 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC beach.tripmasters.com [Source type: General]

^ Costs: $4,650 per person, double occupancy.
  • Cheesemans' Ecology Safaris: Trinidad and Tobago, May 2011 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.cheesemans.com [Source type: General]

There are twelve flights per day. Flight time is approximately 25 minutes each way. .Caribbean Airlines (http://www.caribbean-airlines.com) runs the service.^ Please check the travel advice for Trindad and Tobago on http://www.smartraveller.com for further information .

^ Toronto Lime Caribbean Soca and Party Schedules [ http://www.toronto-lime.com ] .
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

^ L:http://www.bangla2000.com/Images/logo1.gif%3BLH:96%3BLW:746%3B&start=30&sa=N .
  • Statistics for Massachusetts Export Center 20 September 2009 0:17 UTC www.mass.gov [Source type: Academic]

.There are two types of ferry service - fast and conventional.^ There shall be a Public Service Commission for Trinidad and Tobago which shall consist of a Chairman, a Deputy Chairman and not less than two nor more than four other members.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

Travelling by fast ferry costs TT$50 one way and TT$100 return. .Vessels are the T&T Express and The T&T Spirit, which are both owned by the Port Authority of Trinidad and Tobago.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Telecommunications Services of Trinidad and Tobago (TSTT) is claiming that its operations are being sabotaged due to current open market competition.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Trinidad and Tobago government has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with a US firm for the establishment of an ethylene plant at Point Lisas, South Trinidad.

^ You can look at flights to Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago (POS) from each of our airline partners.
  • Book Flights to Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago (POS) - Get Airline Tickets at Expedia 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC flights.expedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The journey is approximately 2.75 hours. The Express is the faster of the two ships, but the Spirit is newer and has better facilities.
Travelling by conventional ferry costs TT$37.50 one way and TT$75 return, but the journey is approximately 5.5 hours. Vessels are the MF Panorama and Warrior Spirit.
.Vehicles can be taken aboard the ferry, but this incurs a different charge which varies by size and weight.^ Each terminal has different specifications such size, weight and connection speed.
  • Trinidad and Tobago - Satellite Internet Access : Tempest Telecommunications 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.tempestcom.com [Source type: News]

A return trip for a private car costs TT$350. This includes the cost of the driver.
Tickets can be bought at the ferry terminal or at some select travel agencies. For sheduled sailings see: http://www.patnt.com

See

Beaches

.Popular beaches in Trinidad are Maracas, Tyrico, Las Cuevas, Toco, Mayaro, Chagville, Los Iros and Quinam.^ Thirty minutes from the popular Maracas beach.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

^ In Trinidad, for example, there are isolated strips of beach at Las Cuevas, just beyond Maracas Bay, where visitors have been robbed of valuables.
  • Trinidad & Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: News]

^ Some of the Spanish place names are San Rafael, Las Cuevas, Sangre Grande, Sangre Chiquito, San Fernando, El Socorro, Los Iros.
  • PEOPLE 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC users.rcn.com [Source type: Original source]

.Most of the beaches on the North coast are beautiful, with powdery sand and clear blue water.^ After lunch enjoy the coastline along rocky points, white sand beaches, and tall coconut trees blowing in the North East Trade Winds.
  • Cheesemans' Ecology Safaris: Trinidad and Tobago, May 2011 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.cheesemans.com [Source type: General]

^ Here you'll find beautiful views of Blue Waters Bay, Goat Island and Little Tobago.
  • Cheesemans' Ecology Safaris: Trinidad and Tobago, May 2011 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.cheesemans.com [Source type: General]

^ Black Rock is located at the north-west coast which has the most beautiful beaches of the island, only 15 minutes away from the international airport Crown Point.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

Los Iros and Quinam are okay, however Quinam's water may be brown, largely due to sediment from the orinoco river in South America. .Although Maracas and Tyrico are not too far apart, you cannot walk from one to the other along the beach.^ Beaches: One of the great things about Tobago is that with a little initiative and a sturdy vehicle, you can find an idyllic expanse of sand and sea.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Hotels : Resorts : Villas : Vacations :: CaribbeanMag.com 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.caribbeanmag.com [Source type: General]

^ After breakfast, if you still feel energetic, take a walk into the rainforest with a local bird guide and Edward, bringing along a packed lunch.
  • Cheesemans' Ecology Safaris: Trinidad and Tobago, May 2011 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.cheesemans.com [Source type: General]

^ Channel-billed Toucans, along with so many other birds, await you on forest walks.
  • Cheesemans' Ecology Safaris: Trinidad and Tobago, May 2011 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.cheesemans.com [Source type: General]

.Popular beaches in Tobago include Pigeon Point, Store Bay and Man-of-War Bay.^ We are just a stroll away from the pristine beaches of Store Bay and Pigeon Point Beach.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

^ Irvine/Buccoo Bay, and Bacoletareas, and robberies occurring at the waterfalls and on isolated beaches in Tobago where visitors are not in a group.
  • Trinidad & Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: News]

^ Tropikist Beach This hotel is situated on the leeward side of Tobago, just a few minutes from popular Store Bay Beach in the south of the island.
  • Trinidad And Tobago Vacation Packages - Save on air + hotel Trinidad And Tobago packages - Cheap Trinidad And Tobago Vacations 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC beach.tripmasters.com [Source type: General]

.Tobago's beaches are extremely beautiful, but are beginning to suffer the effects of population expansion and the resultant pollution.^ An intimate family-owned 10 room hotel just minutes away from Tobago's beautiful beaches.
  • WhereToStay.com: Trinidad and Tobago Villas, Hotels and Resorts with reviews. 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.wheretostay.com [Source type: General]

Bucco Reef and the nylon pool

.Buccoo Reef is a natural coral reef on the North Coast of Tobago.^ The coral reefs on Tobago have very good snorkeling and after lunch we can swim or snorkel.
  • Cheesemans' Ecology Safaris: Trinidad and Tobago, May 2011 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.cheesemans.com [Source type: General]

.Glass Bottom Boat tours are available from Pigeon Point and Store Bay.^ We are just a stroll away from the pristine beaches of Store Bay and Pigeon Point Beach.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

^ After lunch take another pelagic trip, this time on a glass-bottomed boat to Little Tobago island.
  • Cheesemans' Ecology Safaris: Trinidad and Tobago, May 2011 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.cheesemans.com [Source type: General]

^ Snorkel in beautiful reefs to see colorful fish up-close or watch through a glass-bottom boat - it's your choice.
  • Cheesemans' Ecology Safaris: Trinidad and Tobago, May 2011 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.cheesemans.com [Source type: General]

The nylon pool is an area of shallow water on top of the reef. The water is crystal clear and looks like fishing line nylon, hence the name. A glass bottom boat tour will take you there and allow you to bathe.

Caroni Bird Sanctuary

Located in the Caroni Swamp, this is a must for bird watchers. .Several indigenous species of bird nest in the bird sanctuary, including one of the national birds - the Scarlet Ibis (Eudocimus ruber).^ The national police force comprises nine countrywide divisions, including 17 specialized branches, with approximately 7,000 members.
  • Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Larkin and I counted a total of fourteen different species of birds that we saw just in that one sitting.

Tours generaly take place during dusk as the Scarlet Ibis returns to the swamp to roost. It is also a good idea to wear thick clothing(jeans and a jacket/sweater) as the mosquitoes in the bird sanctuary are especially viscious and are capable of biting through the thickest of clothing.

Divali and the Divali Nagar

.The Hindu festival of lights, Divali, is celebrated in most areas in Trinidad and a few areas in Tobago.^ Most popular flights to Trinidad and Tobago .
  • Trinidad and Tobago Flight Information - Most popular airports and flights 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC flights.expedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other popular festivals in Trinidad and Tobago are Phagwa (honoring the Hindu god Lord Krishna), Divali (a Hindu celebration with millions of lights honoring Mother Laskami), and Hosay (the Muslim New Year festival).
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The major national festival of Trinidad and Tobago--Carnival--has its origin in a European celebration (French, to be exact), and although it has been developed to its present state by the African population, white Trinidadians continue to participate in some measure in Carnival activities.
  • PEOPLE 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC users.rcn.com [Source type: Original source]

.Every year during one night in October-November small oil lamps called deyas are lit on the inside and outside of homes and in public places.^ One of the objectives of the bill is to ban smoking in certain public places.
  • Articles:Listing Trinidad_and_tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.tobacco.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Getting caught smoking one in a public place could cost you $10,000.
  • Articles:Listing Trinidad_and_tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.tobacco.org [Source type: News]

^ And during the course of one conversation (or better still, one argument) speakers are liable to touch every part of the keyboard.
  • PEOPLE 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC users.rcn.com [Source type: Original source]

.Additionally, there is a celebration and festival called the Divali Nagar, where Indian song, dance, plays and other cultural items are on display.^ The Republic's Asian Indian culture is celebrated through Divali (Festival of Lights), Hosay (Muslim New Year festival), East Indian music, and various philosophical beliefs and practices foreign to western cultures.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other popular festivals in Trinidad and Tobago are Phagwa (honoring the Hindu god Lord Krishna), Divali (a Hindu celebration with millions of lights honoring Mother Laskami), and Hosay (the Muslim New Year festival).
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Indian music and dance are also greatly appreciated and there are highly accomplished Trinidadian Indian musicians, dancers and singers, some of whom are trained in the ancestral country.
  • PEOPLE 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC users.rcn.com [Source type: Original source]

The Divali Nagar takes place at the Divali Nagar Site in Chaguanas, Trinidad. .Many corporate sponsors set up booths and there is even an open air indian restaurant where one can purchase Indian food including roti.^ Indian food consists of curried chicken, potatoes, channa (chick peas), white rice, and roti , an Indian flatbread.
  • Culture of Trinidad and Tobago - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The government nationalized many industries, including sugar, which employed mainly Indians.
  • Culture of Trinidad and Tobago - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is also no mention of doubles (curried chick peas served with a fried bread) which is one of the most popular food item here .
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Divali is a public holiday in Trinidad and Tobago.^ Brent Ching wants the Trinidad and Tobago public to know that he was born in Trinidad and left here at the age of 5.

^ The finished buss up shut ready to be served Note: Arrival Day - Holiday, better known as Indian Arrival Day celebrates the arrival of the first East Indians to Trinidad and Tobago.

^ Parliament to meet the public expenditure of Trinidad and Tobago; b.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

Emperor Valley Zoo (Port of Spain) and the Botanical Gardens

.Trinidad and Tobago's only zoo features a wide variety of tropical species including lions, tigers, monkeys, birds and fish.^ Over 430 species of birds, and over 600 species of butterflies have been recorded in Trinidad and Tobago.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Hotels : Resorts : Villas : Vacations :: CaribbeanMag.com 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.caribbeanmag.com [Source type: General]

^ Flora and Fauna Over 260 species of birds breed in Trinidad and Tobago.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Hotels : Resorts : Villas : Vacations :: CaribbeanMag.com 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.caribbeanmag.com [Source type: General]

^ As a former British colony, the official language of Trinidad and Tobago is English, although Hindi is also spoken widely in Indian communities, both in the Republic and in the United States.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is located in the capital, Port of Spain.^ They chose Port of Spain as the capital.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Located minutes from various Industrial Estates, Universities, Financial Centres, and 30 minutes from Port of Spain.
  • WhereToStay.com: Trinidad and Tobago Villas, Hotels and Resorts with reviews. 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.wheretostay.com [Source type: General]

^ Ideally located in the outskirts of Port-of-Spains vibrant business district and within walking distance of its buzzing night life, you are near to everywhere you need to be...
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

.The Botanical Gardens contains many species of plants and is right next to the zoo, close to the President's house.^ The President of the Senate and the Speaker shall cause the report to be laid before the Senate and the House of Representatives, respectively, at the next sitting of the Senate and the House of Representatives after the receipt thereof, respectively.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

Fort George (Tobago)

.Tobago's Fort George offers a glimpse into Tobago's colonial history and beautiful views of the ocean.^ Britain consolidated its hold on both islands during the Napoleonic Wars , and they were combined into the colony of Trinidad and Tobago in 1889.
  • Top20TrinidadandTobago.com - Your Top20 Guide to Trinidad and Tobago! 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.top20trinidadandtobago.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Similarities between Australia and Trinidad and Tobago such as climate and a shared history of sugarcane cultivation offer common ground for collaboration in areas such as crop diversification.

^ The two islands of Trinidad and Tobago were incorporated into a single colony in 1888.
  • Trinidad and Tobago (11/09) 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Goat races (Tobago)

.Goat racing in Tobago on Easter Tuesday is a tradition dating back to 1925. Amazingly, it shares many similarities to horse racing, where there are owners, stables and trainers.^ Trinidad and Tobago's primary sports are cricket and soccer but basketball, netball, table tennis, track and field, golf, horse racing, and water sports are also popular.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Similarities between Australia and Trinidad and Tobago such as climate and a shared history of sugarcane cultivation offer common ground for collaboration in areas such as crop diversification.

^ In the future, Trinidad and Tobago will be targeting Far Eastern countries as potential niche markets for non-traditional products and for the expansion of market share with respect to its current exports.
  • WTO | Trade policy review - Trinidad and Tobago 1998 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.wto.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

TTPBA Great Race

.During the month of August (mainly in second or last weekend of August) there is an annual power boat race from Trinidad to Tobago called the Great Race.[3].^ Trinidad&Tobago - CELL calling cards .
  • Trinidad&Tobago - CELL calling cards, Prepaid calling cards from Trinidad&Tobago - CELL 20 September 2009 0:17 UTC calling-cards.wincmd.ru [Source type: Academic]

^ Trinidad&Tobago cheap calling card .

^ Trinidad&Tobago prepaid calling card .

.It starts at Pier 1 in Chaguaramas, Trinidad and ends at Store Bay in Tobago.^ Trinidad and Tobago end barren spell .

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The government of Trinidad and Tobago is due to begin widespread consultation before the end of the year on a proposed new National Draft Constitution for the country.

^ The Americans then built a sizable air strip in Port of Spain and a superb naval installation at Trinidad's well-placed deep-water harbor at Chaguaramas Bay.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are places to see the boats racing live (such as Maracas Bay).^ We pledge our lives to thee, / Here every creed and race / Finds an equal place, / And may God bless our nation."
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Trinidad, for example, there are isolated strips of beach at Las Cuevas, just beyond Maracas Bay, where visitors have been robbed of valuables.
  • Trinidad & Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: News]

.The boats typically travel around the North West peninsula, then along the north coast then make a bee line to Tobago.^ Before traveling to Trinidad and Tobago you can make arrangements to have your communications services in place when you arrive with Tempest Telecom.
  • Trinidad and Tobago : Tempest Telecommunications 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.tempestcom.com [Source type: News]

^ Black Rock is located at the north-west coast which has the most beautiful beaches of the island, only 15 minutes away from the international airport Crown Point.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

The first finishers typically finish in an hour.

La Brea Pitch Lake

.The La Brea Pitch Lake is the world's largest natural reservoir of asphalt.^ Canadians should be highly vigilant in Laventille and at popular tourist sites such as Fort George and La Brea ( Pitch Lake ), where crimes targeting foreigners have also been reported.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

However, commercial excavation of asphalt has slowed down considerably, since other more cost effective materials are available for road construction. The pitch lake is now primarily a tourist destination. .Many go to bathe in its waters, which contain sulphur, which some say has healing properties.^ Many of the proverbs in Trinidad and Tobago are European in origin but some sayings from Afro-Caribbean and Asian Indian cultures have been preserved as well.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Leatherback turtles on Mathura Beach

.The Leatherback sea turtles (Dermochelys coriacea) can be seen on Trinidad's Mathura beach.^ Sponsored Links Turtle Beach by Rex Resorts Turtle Beach by Rex Resorts is an escape to a land of Hyatt Regency Trinidad Contemporary design, ocean views and unequalled amenities.
  • WhereToStay.com: Trinidad and Tobago Villas, Hotels and Resorts with reviews. 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.wheretostay.com [Source type: General]

.Every year around Easter, the turtles return to Trinidad to lay their eggs.^ About 20,000 U.S. citizens visit Trinidad and Tobago on vacation or for business every year, and more than 6,500 American citizens are residents.
  • Trinidad and Tobago (11/09) 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Tours are available from conservation groups. Volunteer opportunities are also available. .Since the turtles are an endangered species, it is illegal to kill the turtles or the eggs, therefore care and caution should be exercised so as not to disturb the turtles.^ Canadians should exercise a high degree of caution in this country due to high crime rates.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ Visitors and expatriate residents in Trinidad and Tobago should exercise caution and good judgment as in any large urban area.
  • Trinidad & Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: News]

Tobago heritage festival

.Every year during the last week in July and first week in August, the Tobago heritage festival takes place.^ About 20,000 U.S. citizens visit Trinidad and Tobago on vacation or for business every year, and more than 6,500 American citizens are residents.
  • Trinidad and Tobago (11/09) 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ U.S. commercial ties with Trinidad and Tobago have always been strong and have grown substantially in the last 10 years due to economic liberalization in the 1990s.
  • Trinidad and Tobago (11/09) 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There shall be a session of each House once at least in every year, so that a period of six months shall not intervene between the last sitting of Parliament in one session and the first sitting thereof in the next session.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

.It is a two week long show of Tobagonian dance, music, story telling, culture and food.^ Many less well-known Trinidadians and Tobagonians have studied and taught classical music and dance in American colleges and universities.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is a showpiece into Tobago's long held traditions and a unique glimpse into the island's way of life.^ The two islands of Trinidad and Tobago were incorporated into a single colony in 1888.
  • Trinidad and Tobago (11/09) 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Trinidad's north coast (Toco/Matelot/Grand Riviere)

.The North coast of Trinidad is beautiful and largely unspoilt.^ Black Rock is located at the north-west coast which has the most beautiful beaches of the island, only 15 minutes away from the international airport Crown Point.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

There are a lot of scenic beaches and undeveloped areas. .At the North East tip of the island is the village of Toco.^ It has three mountain ranges, roughly parallel to each other, running east to west in the north, central, and south parts of the island.
  • Culture of Trinidad and Tobago - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The North East trade wind blows literally 24 hours per day and lounging on the beach can be quite relaxing.^ The hotel features one inclusive spa treatment per person per day (excluding arrival and departure days), and a variety of leisure activities to enhance the relaxing experience.
  • Trinidad And Tobago Vacation Packages - Save on air + hotel Trinidad And Tobago packages - Cheap Trinidad And Tobago Vacations 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC beach.tripmasters.com [Source type: General]

^ Passport information is available 24 hours, 7 days a week.
  • Trinidad and Tobago (11/09) 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Do

Pre-Lenten Carnival

.The annual festival of Carnival is one of the most famous things about Trinidad and Tobago.There are many beautiful dances and alot of celebrating around this time.^ Crimes of opportunity such as petty theft tend to increase during the annual Trinidad Carnival in February or March, and during the Christmas holidays.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ The finished buss up shut ready to be served Note: Arrival Day - Holiday, better known as Indian Arrival Day celebrates the arrival of the first East Indians to Trinidad and Tobago.

^ About 20,000 U.S. citizens visit Trinidad and Tobago on vacation or for business every year, and more than 6,500 American citizens are residents.
  • Trinidad and Tobago (11/09) 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Every year on the Sunday, Monday and Tuesday before Ash Wednesday and the season of Lent, thousands of costumed revelers parade on the streets in an annual street party dubbed "The Greatest Show On Earth."^ However, Carnival is perhaps the best known of Trinidadian and Tobagonian holidays; it takes place from Friday through Tuesday before Ash Wednesday of the Lenten season.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Monday and Tuesday see lots of "carnivalling," or dancing and masquerading with fantastic costumes.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: With its massive masquerade bands, astounding costumes, pulsating music and unparalleled stamina for partying, Trinidad & Tobago Carnival is often referred to as the worlds greatest street festival.

.They are accompanied by music from steel bands, with calypso and soca music played on large loudspeakers carried on large trucks.^ With independence, symbols of the state and nation were conflated with what was taken to be Afro-Trinidadian culture, such as Carnival, the steel band, and calypso music—turning the colonial hierarchy on its head.
  • Culture of Trinidad and Tobago - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Trinidad and Tobago, land of Carnival, steel band, tassa, calypso and chutney, is the same country that gives the world its unique brand of Divali.

^ They should not carry large amounts of cash nor show signs of affluence.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

.In the buildup to the two day Carnival celebration there are other activities including Calypso tents (indoor calypso concerts), the "Panorama" steelband competition, Soca monarch, Chutney Soca monarch, as well as open air parties called fetes.^ On the first night of Carnival there is a "pan around the neck" competition.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Indeed, the Hindu Festival of Lights has become Trinidads second largest national open-air festival after Carnival.

^ On Sunday night, able calypsonians vie for the title of "calypso monarch" at the Dimanche Gras, and the "King and Queen of Carnival" are named.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Carnival Monday and Tuesday are not official public holidays, but many businesses and all schools close for those two days anyway.^ Many toddlers are sent to pre-schools and nurseries by age two.
  • Culture of Trinidad and Tobago - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Travelers are cautioned against wearing military or camouflage clothing in public, as it is against local laws to do so, unless they are in Trinidad and Tobago on official military business.
  • Trinidad & Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: News]

^ However, Carnival is perhaps the best known of Trinidadian and Tobagonian holidays; it takes place from Friday through Tuesday before Ash Wednesday of the Lenten season.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Carnival derives from the French traditions which were adopted by African slaves.^ It attracted white and colored French planters who brought their African and African-descended slaves to cultivate sugar and cocoa.
  • Culture of Trinidad and Tobago - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although it has its roots in African oral traditions, it was sung in French dialect until 1883 when calypsonians began singing in English.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Carnival is both a "See" and "Do" activity.^ Holiday periods, especially Christmas and Carnival, often see an increase in criminal activity.
  • Trinidad & Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: News]

One can just stand at the side of the road and watch the parade of the bands, or actually participate and "play mas." Many tourists participate in Carnival bands. Booking well in advance is a must as the spaces fill up quickly. Getting in shape is also a must as many costumes are very skimpy. In fact some locals' physical fitness goals are centered around Carnival.

Nightlife

.There are quite a few nightclubs in Trinidad and Tobago, especially in the Chaguaramas area.^ Tobago’s development was similar to other plantation islands in the Lesser Antilles and quite different from Trinidad’s.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Country Information 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.countryreports.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are no documented medical problems unique to Trinidadians and Tobagonians in the United States or in Trinidad and Tobago.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But then again, if there is one country in the world these days where going too far is commonplace, Trinidad and Tobago appears to be it.
  • Articles:Listing Trinidad_and_tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.tobacco.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Pier 1, Anchorage, Base, MoBS2 to name a few. .Some very popular night clubs are Club Zen and 51 Degrees Lounge in Port of Spain and Sting nightclub in La Romaine, as well as Space la Nouba and Prive, both also in La Romaine.^ Ideally located in the outskirts of Port-of-Spains vibrant business district and within walking distance of its buzzing night life, you are near to everywhere you need to be...
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Some residents in Trinidad are calling on the authorities to put strict controls on the construction of cellular phone towers.

^ Orchard View is a guest house, located close to the Piarco International Airport, Port-of-Spain, an ideal accommodation for an over-night or in-transit stay.
  • WhereToStay.com: Trinidad and Tobago Villas, Hotels and Resorts with reviews. 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.wheretostay.com [Source type: General]

.However, due to the crime situation, caution is advised and it is a good idea to be with a group rather than by yourself.^ Canadians should exercise a high degree of caution in this country due to high crime rates.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

Golf

.One can play golf at several golf courses throughout Trinidad and Tobago.^ Trinidad and Tobago's primary sports are cricket and soccer but basketball, netball, table tennis, track and field, golf, horse racing, and water sports are also popular.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ U.S. commercial ties with Trinidad and Tobago have always been strong and have grown substantially in the last several years due to economic liberalization.
  • Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ NUREMBERG, Germany (AFP): Minnows Trinidad and Tobago play their biggest ever match against England on Thursday, but have no fear of their star-studded opponents.

Some courses are 9 holes and others are 18 holes. Two popular golf courses are the St. Andrews' Golf course [4] in Maraval (just outside of Port of Spain) and the Mt. .Irvine Golf Course in Tobago.^ Tobago Island Suites is located on the beautiful island of Tobago, part of the twin island republic of Trinidad and Tobago, by a championship golf course on the southwestern side of the more--> .
  • WhereToStay.com: Trinidad and Tobago Villas, Hotels and Resorts with reviews. 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.wheretostay.com [Source type: General]

^ Located adjacent to the Tobago Plantations PGA golf course, this hotel is only 3 miles from Scarborough.
  • WhereToStay.com: Trinidad and Tobago Villas, Hotels and Resorts with reviews. 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.wheretostay.com [Source type: General]

^ Mount Irvine Bay Golf Club and Hotel Tobago Box 222 Tobago Tobago Tobago Rooms From: $USD Good Value - Contact us.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

Talk

.English is the official language.^ The official language is English.
  • Culture of Trinidad and Tobago - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Words are spelt with British spellings (e.g. colour, labour, tyre, etc.). English Creole (though it is not referred to by locals by that name) is very frequently used for informal communication among locals. It's mostly an oral language, and is seldom written (and then just by ad-lib). .A Trinidadian Dictionary, "Cote Ci Cote La" can be found at one of the many bookstores in the country and is an excellent souvenir to remember your vacation to Trinidad and Tobago.^ Trinidad and Tobago in any other country.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Cote ce Cote la: Trinidad and Tobago Dictionary , 1986.
  • Culture of Trinidad and Tobago - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ White Pages - Trinidad and Tobago - Telephone Directory - Phone Book Numberway is the easy way to find phone numbers all around the world Trinidad and Tobago Phone Numbers Get Trinidad and Tobago Phone Numbers, Or Phone Numbers In 75+ Countries.

Here's an example of just one of those many words that have radically different meanings from American English:
liming ; meaning to hang out in public with your friends
.Also, Hindi, French (mostly Creole or Patois), Spanish, and Chinese are occasionally heard.^ Creole is a mixture of African elements with Spanish, French, and English colonial culture.
  • Trinidad and Tobago (11/09) 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At present, Trinidad is multilingual, with inhabitants speaking standard and nonstandard forms of English, a French-based creole, nonstandard Spanish, and Bhojpuri.
  • Culture of Trinidad and Tobago - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Small percentages also speak Hindi, French patois, and several other dialects.
  • Trinidad and Tobago (11/09) 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It may seem, at times, you are in a country that only speaks a foreign language.^ The President may from time to time, by Order subject to affirmative resolution of the Senate and the House of Representatives amend subsection (3) by adding any Commonwealth country thereto or by deleting any Commonwealth country therefrom.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Tourist Visa: Not required Business Visa: Not required (for less than 30 days) Student Visa: Required Proof of yellow fever vaccination may be required if you are arriving from a country where yellow fever is endemic.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ You may speak with a representative Monday-Friday, 8 a.m.
  • Trinidad and Tobago (11/09) 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, since virtually everyone knows standard (British) English, there's no need to ask.^ The styles of English therefore range from standard British English, usually spoken in formal conversations, to the more common Trinidad English, a mixture of Spanish, French, British, and African.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are no restricted sectors for foreign investment; however, approval is required for acquisition of commercial and residential land exceeding a certain area, or where a licence is needed (e.g.
  • WTO | Trade policy review - Trinidad and Tobago 1998 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.wto.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It must be noted, however, that no sharp break exists between Trinidad English and standard English.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Of course, if someone does suddenly start talking in standard English -- take notice. .They may very well be talking to you!^ Yesterday it was me, today it is Inshan Ishmael, tomorrow it could very well be you.

^ "This may well be the motivation they need," Moritsugu said in a shipboard interview .
  • Articles:Listing Trinidad_and_tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.tobacco.org [Source type: News]

Buy

.The currency on Trinidad and Tobago is the Trinidad and Tobago dollar, also known as the TT (pronounced teetee).^ The currency is the Trinidad and Tobago dollar (TT$).
  • Trinidad and Tobago Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ Trinidad and Tobago dollar (TTD) .
  • CIA - The World Factbook 2002 -- Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.travlang.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook 2002 -- Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC permanent.access.gpo.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The finished buss up shut ready to be served Note: Arrival Day - Holiday, better known as Indian Arrival Day celebrates the arrival of the first East Indians to Trinidad and Tobago.

US dollars are also widely accepted. .Visa and Mastercard credit cards are accepted at many stores.^ Major credit cards are widely accepted.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ Check with your bank to find out if your credit card will be accepted abroad.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

American Express, Diners' Club, Discover, JCB and others are only accepted in a few places. .ATM (ABM) cards using Cirrus and Plus networks will work in local ATMs and will allow you to make withdrawals in TT dollars converted to your home currency.^ The currency is the Trinidad and Tobago dollar (TT$).
  • Trinidad and Tobago Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ Registration will make your presence and whereabouts known in case it is necessary to contact you in an emergency and will enable you to receive up-to-date information on security conditions.
  • Trinidad and Tobago (11/09) 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When using credit cards, ensure your card remains in view, and retain your transaction copy along with the carbon paper.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

The exchange rate when withdrawing from the ATM is slightly better than when exchanging cash. .There are also ATMs in a few places such as shopping malls that will dispense US dollars.^ It will, however, still be an offence for any person to smoke or hold a lighted tobacco product in any enclosed public place such as public transportation terminals, workplaces, bars, restaurants, shopping malls, clubs, cinemas, and sports facilities or any enclosed workplace.
  • Articles:Listing Trinidad_and_tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.tobacco.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Be advised that Trinidad and Tobago ATMs do not accept PINs longer than four digits.^ Many of America's largest corporations have commercial links with Trinidad and Tobago, and more than 30 U.S. firms have offices and operations in the country.
  • Trinidad and Tobago (11/09) 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ About 20,000 U.S. citizens visit Trinidad and Tobago on vacation or for business every year, and more than 6,500 American citizens are residents.
  • Trinidad and Tobago (11/09) 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: There is a controversy brewing in Trinidad and Tobago about a reporter's right to accept cell phone calls from prisoners.

.Consider changing it to four digits before you travel.^ Before cancelling a scheduled trip, you should discuss the matter with your travel agent, your travel insurer, or the airline.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ MEDICAL FACILITIES AND HEALTH INFORMATION: We strongly recommend that you obtain comprehensive travel and medical insurance before traveling.
  • Trinidad & Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC travel.state.gov [Source type: News]

Prices in shops and stores are generally displayed and do not change according to the customer. Outdoor vendors, however, are another story: they are likely to charge a different, higher price for a foreigner than for a local. A few will even suggest or demand payment in US dollars. You can try haggling, or just grin and bear it.
.Most items except necessities and certain other items that are zero rated attract Value Added Tax (VAT) at the rate of 15%.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: As budget day nears, the Trinidad and Tobago Government is expected to remove Value Added Tax (VAT) on specific items in the next fiscal year.

The tax is collected at the time of sale.
.Weights and measures are officially in Metric, however it is not uncommon for imperial (English) units to still be used.^ As a former British colony, the official language of Trinidad and Tobago is English, although Hindi is also spoken widely in Indian communities, both in the Republic and in the United States.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Though the other units are the same, the imperial gallon is not the same as the U.S. gallon.

Eat

.Due to its varied background, Trinidad and Tobago has excellent and varied food options.^ Trinidad and Tobago, the leading Caribbean producer of oil and gas, has earned a reputation as an excellent investment site for international businesses.
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.travlang.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Trinidad and Tobago has earned a reputation as an excellent investment site for international businesses.
  • CIA - The World Factbook 2002 -- Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIA - The World Factbook 2002 -- Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC permanent.access.gpo.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Despite Trinidad and Tobago's culturally diverse people, the family, regardless of ethnic background, fulfills certain basic roles.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In particular, the Indian roots have added to some of the best foods of any country in the world.^ Indian food taboos and customs remain in some areas, while in others, the food customs are reinterpreted and take new form or are not relevant.
  • Culture of Trinidad and Tobago - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If you can't tolerate extremely hot and spicy food, be sure to let the cook or waiter know in advance.^ Hi Folks, Just to let you know that the Trinidad and Tobago Tennis Team is in Costa Rica for the JITIC Tournament from 7th August - 14 August 2004 .

.Popular throughout T&T are tasty rotis, Indian flatbreads stuffed with Channa(chickpea curry), usually some meat, and other items (including green beans, pumpkin, and mangoes).^ Asian Indian dishes of Trinidad and Tobago include roti (usually made of beef, chicken, or goat with potatoes and spices wrapped in flat bread), dalpori (balled spiced dough usually accompanied by a sauce), channa, and curry goat.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

There are several types of roti available in Trinidad-- sada, which is similar to pita or naan; dhalpouri, which is filled with ground yellow split peas; and buss up shut, a heartier bread, with a silken texture. .Cheap breakfasts of sada roti and 'choka' - vegetables of all kinds are available for about TT$3-4. But the most popular fast snack is a 'doubles'. One Famous spot is "GEORGE DOUBLES" located in Woodbrook outside the ever famous "Brooklyn Bar". Doubles is curried chick peas enclosed in two pieces of fried bread, and servied your choice of condiments.^ There is also no mention of doubles (curried chick peas served with a fried bread) which is one of the most popular food item here .
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Indian food consists of curried chicken, potatoes, channa (chick peas), white rice, and roti , an Indian flatbread.
  • Culture of Trinidad and Tobago - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two special dishes of Tobago are curry crab and dumplings and accra, which is seasoned salt fish pounded and shaped into small cakes and fried.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is a roadside snack, available everywhere at about TT$2-$4. "Ali's Doubles" is a chain that sells doubles. .There are a few locations around Trinidad, mostly in San Fernando.^ San Fernando, Trinidad (2565 Miles) .
  • Women Seeking Men in Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.amigos.com [Source type: General]

^ San Fernando, Trinidad (2548 Miles) .
  • Women Seeking Men in Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.amigos.com [Source type: General]

^ San Fernando, Trinidad and Tobago (2565 Miles) .
  • Women Seeking Men in Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.amigos.com [Source type: General]

Eat hot.
Phoulourie is another popular roadside snack. .Phoulourie are small balls, made of fried ground chick peas and flour.^ There is also no mention of doubles (curried chick peas served with a fried bread) which is one of the most popular food item here .
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It and other popular snack foods like roast corn, cow heel soup, aloo pies (fried potato pies) and saheena (spinach dipped in batter and fried), are often available from street vendors, especially around the Savannah.^ Other popular dishes are dumpling and pig-tail or cow-heel soup, souse (well-cooked pickled pigs feet), and chicken stew.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is also no mention of doubles (curried chick peas served with a fried bread) which is one of the most popular food item here .
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Trinidad and Tobago is also famous for its mouth watering callaloo-- a soup made from green leafy vegetables, similar to spinach or kale, sometimes with crab or pigtail added (vegetarians beware!^ Trinidadians are said by Creoles to be ethnically "mixed-up" like callaloo , a kind of soup made from dasheen leaves and containing crab.
  • Culture of Trinidad and Tobago - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Trinidad and Tobago has made a transition from an oil-based economy to one based on natural gas.
  • Trinidad and Tobago (11/09) 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In closing, this site should be made the number one site for researching Trinidad & Tobago History.
  • Culture of Trinidad and Tobago - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

) Callalloo is not the most appetizing of foods to look at, but it is certainly worth a try.
Another must try in T&T is the infamous Bake and Shark or Shark 'n Bake. .Most easily obtained along the north coast near Maracas Bay, pieces of Shark are deep fried, served in cut fried bread called "fried bake", and accompanied by various sauces, most popular of which is a puree of shadow beni (a herb similar to cilantro.^ There is also no mention of doubles (curried chick peas served with a fried bread) which is one of the most popular food item here .
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

)
Another popular food traditionally associated with beach limes is pelau, usually accompanied with coleslaw. Pelau, is not, however, available for purchase at the beach, although you may be able to find it in a creole restaurant.
If you have a sweet tooth, there are many local sweets and candies to sample like Toolum, Tambran Ball, Guava Cheese, Sugar Cake, Paw Paw Ball, Benna Ball, Jub Jub, Kurma, Barfi, Ladoo, Peera. .Many of these will be available on the "lookout" on the way to Maracas Beach, and prepackaged in some supermarkets.^ In addition, a few commercial facilities, such as some supermarkets, made parking spaces available to disabled shoppers.
  • Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

A few American style fast food chains are available including KFC, Subway, Pizza Hut and Burger King. There are also a few franchised eat-in restaurants such as TGI Friday's and Ruby Tuesday. There are a few local chains such as Royal Castle (chicken and chips), Chicken Unlimited. These local fried chicken chains have a different taste from American or European fried chicken chains. Pizza Boys and Mario's are two popular local Pizza chains. The pizza is quite different from American or Italian pizza.
Chinese food is available in many places from Chinese takeout stores. It is cantonese style but the spices are uniquely Trinidadian.
.Barbecued chicken is another popular Trinbagonian dish.^ Other popular dishes are dumpling and pig-tail or cow-heel soup, souse (well-cooked pickled pigs feet), and chicken stew.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One popular Trinidadian and Tobagonian dish is pelau, or rice mixed with pork or chicken and various local vegetables.
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is similar to American barbecue, but with local spices. .There are roadside barbecue stands that sell a box of barbecued chicken (quarter) with fries, salad and garlic bread.^ There is also no mention of doubles (curried chick peas served with a fried bread) which is one of the most popular food item here .
  • Trinidadian and Tobagonian Americans - Overview, History, Modern era, The first trinidadians and tobagonians in america 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.One popular place is The Barbecue Hut which is an open air tent where patrons will buy barbecue to sit down and eat or take away.^ The opening ceremony of the ITF Under 14 Development Championships takes place on .

.It is located on the South Trunk Road in La Romaine, South Trinidad close to the Gulf City mall.^ San Fernando in the south is Trinidad's second city.
  • Culture of Trinidad and Tobago - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Be aware that it is run by Muslims therefore no alcohol is allowed on the compound.
The condiments available in Trinbagonian restaurants are ketchup, plain mustard and hot pepper. Soy sauce is available in Chinese restaurants. If taking hot pepper as a condiment, be warned! It is extremely hot! .You may see locals putting a lot of pepper on their food, but remember they have been eating it for years so they are accustomed to it.^ They may not remain in the country for more than three years per visit but may re-enter after a year's absence.
  • Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

It is best to try a little and if you feel comfortable add more. If in doubt, avoid it. Salt and black pepper are generally not available as in American restaurants.
Local bakeries sell pastries such as beef and chicken pies and currant rolls. They also sell hops bread which are rolls made with white or whole wheat flour. Hops bread is best eaten hot and can be enjoyed with cheese or butter for a quick snack.

Grocery shopping

Grocery stores sell a wide variety of packaged goods and produce. However, for really fresh produce, one can go to the market. .Towns usually have a market day (or days) where sellers, usually local farmers, will bring their produce to sell.^ There is considerable formal and informal market commercial activity in the sale of imported and locally-produced consumer goods.
  • Culture of Trinidad and Tobago - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Government publishes prices for produce, however one may be able to bargain to get a better price.^ The government's Registration and Certification Board, however, determines whether a given workers' organization meets the definition of bargaining unit and can limit union recognition by this means.
  • Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

Again, while weights and measures are officially in Metric, most sellers use imperial units.

Drink

Non-alcoholic

The most refreshing drink on a hot sunny day is a large glass of a very cold delicious Mauby, a beverage made with the bark of the mauby tree and spices, such as anise and cinnamon. It is very refreshing and cooling, but may be an acquired taste, since it has a bitter aftertaste.
Cold soft jelly coconut water -- available along the roadsides -- costs about TT$3-4. And do try all the many varied local fruit juices, readily available chilled in most groceries.
.Sorrel is a popular drink available during Christmas time.^ In Christian families, sorrel, made from a flower, and ponche de creme, a kind of eggnog with rum, are typical Christmas drinks.
  • Culture of Trinidad and Tobago - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 17 September 2009 23:36 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is made from the boiled flowers of the Roselle (hibiscus sabdariffa) plant. It is red in colour and best enjoyed cold. It also has nutritious benefits.
Soft drinks are sweetened with cane sugar, rather than high fructose corn syrup as is the common practice in North America. This gives soft drinks a different taste, which some argue is better.
.Malta is a popular drink, made from malt and hops and available from local bars, restaurants and supermarkets.^ In addition, a few commercial facilities, such as some supermarkets, made parking spaces available to disabled shoppers.
  • Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

It is high calorie and full of b vitamins, and best enjoyed ice cold.

Alcoholic drinks

Rum
.Being a former sugar cane colony, Trinidad and Tobago is famous for its Rum.^ Former Trinidad and Tobago president dies .

^ Expansion of the Crown Point airport on Tobago is being planned, which follows opening of the Piarco terminal on Trinidad in 2000.
  • Trinidad and Tobago (11/09) 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Telecommunications Services of Trinidad and Tobago (TSTT) is claiming that its operations are being sabotaged due to current open market competition.

Popular brands of Rum are Black Label and Vat 19 by Fernandes and White Oak, Old Oak by Angostura. Some Bars will allow you to buy individual rum drinks either straight with or without a chaser, or mixed. Some bars will allow you to purchase a whole bottle of Rum, or a "half" which is equivalent to half a bottle. Some bars will sell a "nip" which is less than half. One can also purchase bottles of Rum in stores and at duty free stores at the airport to carry home. Puncheon Rum is a stronger type of Rum (no less than 75% alcohol). It is not quite like moonshine but definitely stronger than regular Rum. In fact it may not be legal to take it back with you. .However it is legal in Trinidad and Tobago and is available from many local bars.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Officials of the gaming industry in Trinidad and Tobago are preparing to take legal action against a decision by Government to crack down on their operation.

^ Trinidad and Tobago – People Photos *** Note: Only people groups with photos available are displayed here.
  • Joshua Project - Ethnic People Groups of Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.joshuaproject.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Attorney General shall, subject to section 79, be responsible for the administration of legal affairs in Trinidad and Tobago and legal proceedings for and against the State shall be taken- a.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

Beer
Beer is available and quite popular. The two most popular brands of beer are Carib and Stag, which are brewed locally. .Additionally, some imported beer such as Miller is available.^ In addition, a few commercial facilities, such as some supermarkets, made parking spaces available to disabled shoppers.
  • Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

Other malt liquor drinks are available, brewed locally, such as Smirnoff Ice, and various stouts (Mackeson, Guinness etc). .There are no microbreweries in Trinidad, and beer-lovers may find the local beers not to their taste.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Health Minister John Raheal has assured the Trinidad and Tobago population that there is no outbreak of the H5NI strain of bird flu in the country.

Wine and other spirits
Wine, vodka, tequila and other spirits are usually imported. .There are no wineries in Trinidad and Tobago, as the tropical climate is not conducive to the growing of grapes.^ There shall be an Elections and Boundaries Commission for Trinidad and Tobago (in this Part referred to as "the Commission").
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ NUREMBERG, Germany (AFP): Minnows Trinidad and Tobago play their biggest ever match against England on Thursday, but have no fear of their star-studded opponents.

^ There shall be a Cabinet for Trinidad and Tobago which shall have the general direction and control of the government of Trinidad and Tobago and shall be collectively responsible therefore to Parliament.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

Many restaurants will serve a range of imported wines, however, and wine bars, such as More Vino in Woodbrook have opened in the past few years.
Laws related to alcohol
.Not surprisingly, drinking alcohol in public is not frowned upon in Trinidad and Tobago.^ Brent Ching wants the Trinidad and Tobago public to know that he was born in Trinidad and left here at the age of 5.

^ Parliament to meet the public expenditure of Trinidad and Tobago; b.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: A recent survey conducted in Trinidad and Tobago has revealed that the use of alcohol and illicit drugs among students in public schools is on the rise.

It is legal to drink alcohol in public. Public drunkenness may get you arrested only if you engage in disorderly conduct. .Also the legal drinking age is 18 yrs.^ Children under the age of 18 may work legally only during daylight hours, with the exception that 16- to 18-year-olds may work at night in sugar factories.
  • Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

However, during election day, sale of alcohol is prohibited and must not be overtly displayed.

Sleep

There are a wide variety of lodging options. .There are major hotels such as Crowne Plaza, Hyatt, and the Hilton.^ Crowne Plaza Hotel Port of Spain Wrightson Road & London Street 1017 Port Of Spain Port of Spain Port of Spain Port of Spain Rooms From: $USD Good Value - Contact us.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

.There are also smaller guest houses, particularly in Tobago and beach houses at the coasts (especially the East coast).^ D.- There is established a fund to be called "the Tobago House of Assembly Fund" which shall consist of - a.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ There shall be an Assembly for Tobago to be called "the Tobago House of Assembly", in this Chapter referred to as "the Assembly".
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation .
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

Rates vary. On Trinidad, many cities and towns of limited interest to the typical tourist do not have any official accommodations. Staying with locals may be the only option.
  • Hilton Trinidad & Conference Center. .Lady Young Road, Port of Spain, Trinidad.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Preparations are underway in Trinidad and Tobago for the staging of two major world conferences to be hosted by the Trinidad and Tobago government in 2009.

    ^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Telecommunications Services of Trinidad and Tobago (TSTT) is claiming that its operations are being sabotaged due to current open market competition.

    ^ Melbourne Trinidad Inn Port of Spain 7 French Street Woodbrock Port of Spain Port of Spain Port of Spain Rooms From: $USD Good Value - Contact us.
    • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

    Tel: 1-868-624-3211.[www.hiltoncaribbean.com/trinidad/]. Newly renovated, this hotel boasts hosting President Barack Obama, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and the whole US delegation during the 2009 Summit of the Americas.
  • University of the West Indies St. Augustine campus
  • University of the Southern Caribbean. There is also the
  • University of Trinidad and Tobago
  • Other smaller colleges offer external degrees and diplomas from foreign institutions such as the University of London and City and Guilds of London.
Be careful where you park. High end hotels like the Nornandie has reported a drastic increase in vehicular break in. Recently one was reported while the secured car park was almost empty and two security guards was on duty.

Work

Tourist visas do not permit employment. .In order to work, one must obtain a work permit for the job and there must be no suitably qualified nationals to fill the job.^ The government permitted prison visits by independent human rights observers, but the Ministry of National Security must approve each visit.
  • Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The minister of national security may authorize preventive detention in order to preclude actions prejudicial to public safety, public order, or national defense, in which case the minister must state the grounds for the detention.
  • Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ There are no laws or regulations requiring equal pay for equal work.
  • Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

In addition, to pay taxes, one needs to apply for a BIR file number (used like a social security number) and a PAYE number. One must file tax returns every year if taxes are owed, and pay those taxes.

Stay safe

Generally, it is best to travel with the sun. .When it sets, make sure you are in a safe place with people you trust.^ We will make sure you have a good time, well be the best host you could ask for.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

.This is more important in Trinidad than in Tobago.^ PORT OF SPAIN , Trinidad: After the toughest route to the final, playing more qualification games than any other team, Haiti lifted the Digicel Caribbean Cup after defeating Trinidad & Tobago 2-1 in a thrilling final.

^ Houses of Parliament supported by the votes of not less than two-thirds of all the members of each House declaring that democratic institutions in Trinidad and Tobago are threatened by subversion.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Trinidad and Tobago or for altering any such charge otherwise than by reducing it; or iii.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

In Port of Spain, areas east of Charlotte Street become increasingly unsafe (but this shouldn't be considered an absolute boundary -- on some east-west streets you can go a block or two further). Stay out of East Dry River, Belmont, and Laventille.
.The current trend in criminality is kidnapping for ransom, but it is usually directed at local store owners, prominent Trinidadian families and more recently, the teenage children, mainly girls, of middle class professionals.^ However, a growing number of officials and candidates for public office were reluctant to comply with this provision, claiming that such disclosures would make them and their families a target of criminals engaged in kidnappings for ransom.
  • Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

Foreigners haven't been targeted for kidnapping as yet, but it is advisable to be very careful just in case the criminals have a change of heart.
.Trinidad and Tobago has one of the highest murder rates per capita in the world, but thus far, murderers have not targeted tourists.^ Subject to the provisions of this section, Parliament may alter any of the provisions of this Constitution or (in so far as it forms part of the law of Trinidad and Tobago) any of the provisions of the Trinidad and Tobago Independence Act, 1962.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ List of best rates for calls from Trinidad&Tobago : .
  • Trinidad&Tobago Phone Cards, Trinidad&Tobago Calling Cards 20 September 2009 0:17 UTC www.1st-phonecard.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Find all available calling cards rates to call from Trinidad&Tobago to other countries of the world.
  • Trinidad&Tobago calling cards 20 September 2009 0:17 UTC www.centcalls.com [Source type: News]

. However, it is not unheard of for stray bullets to have injured innocent bystanders. .Travelers are advised to check travel advisories from the USA, Britain and Canada before deciding to travel to Trinidad and Tobago.^ WASHINGTON, USA: Ambassador Marina Valere of Trinidad and Tobago assumed office on Monday as chair of the Organization of American States (OAS) Permanent Council.

^ Trinidad and Tobago for a period of two years immediately before the date of his nomination for election or is domiciled and resident in Trinidad and Tobago at that date.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The commencement or conduct of civil or criminal proceedings before any court in Trinidad and Tobago or before any international court or tribunal.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

Be warned, these travel advisories are not encouraging. .The crime rate in the once peaceful Tobago is now at a worrying level with murders, robberies and rapes now becoming an everyday thing.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Trinidad and Tobagos murder rate has now jumped to 301.

It is best to conceal your valuables in public places. Pickpockets and chain snatchers, while not common, are present, especially in Trinidad. Foreign currency, jewelry and portable electronics (cameras, iPods etc) in particular tend to attract thieves. Do not leave valuables visible in a rental car and it is best to not leave any valuables in the car trunk. It's best not to have any valuables like money, jewelry and clothes while on the islands since this will attract bandits.
In previous years crime tended to peak in the Carnival (January-March) and around Christmas (October-December) seasons, but recently crime activity is year round. .It is best to exercise extreme caution while in Trinidad and Tobago.^ Trinidad and Tobago Hotels and Resorts - Best Price on Trinidad and Tobago Hotels and Resorts Selected Trinidad and Tobago Hotels and Resorts for your preview with online hotel booking service!!!
  • Trinidad and Tobago Hotels - Best Price Hotels in Trinidad and Tobago with Instant Confirmation & Last Minute Bookings 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.southtravels.com [Source type: General]

^ Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), the supreme command of the armed forces of Trinidad and Tobago shall be vested in the President and the exercise of this power shall be regulated by law.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The executive authority of Trinidad and Tobago shall be vested in the President and, subject to this Constitution, may be exercised by him either directly or through officers subordinate to him.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

For extended stays, register yourself at your country's nearest diplomatic mission. They can provide assistance to their citizens. .A listing of diplomatic missions in Trinidad and Tobago is available on the Trinidad and Tobago Government's website.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Trinidad and Tobago government has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with a US firm for the establishment of an ethylene plant at Point Lisas, South Trinidad.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Officials of the gaming industry in Trinidad and Tobago are preparing to take legal action against a decision by Government to crack down on their operation.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: A 27-member trade mission from Nova Scotia, Canada is now on a visit to Trinidad and Tobago to pursue business and investment opportunities.

[5]
In an emergency dial 999 from any telephone for the police. Dial 990 for the fire department and 811 for an ambulance. These calls are free of charge from any telephone, including payphones (no coins or cards required).
The islands are in an earthquake zone, though serious quakes are extremely rare.

Stay healthy

The Tobago Tourist Board boasts that "the wildlife in Tobago won't kill you", which is mostly true. The islands do have mosquitoes and isolated cases of dengue fever have been reported. The tap water is generally safe to drink, though many visitors prefer bottled water because the public water often has a strong chlorine taste. Use your best judgement if in an area where homes collect rain water from the roof, but very few problems are reported.
The adult HIV/AIDS prevalence at 3.0% or 1 in 33 adults, which is 5 times higher than the USA. The best advice is to use caution and use protection if engaging in sexual activity. Condoms are available from pharmacies to help prevent the spread of AIDS and other STD's.
If you need prescription medication, it is best to bring enough with you for the duration of your trip. There is no guarantee that what you need will be available. American OTC drugs are often available in many pharmacies, however, don't expect everything to be available. They may also be under different names whether American or European market names.

Healthcare

.Public Healthcare is free to everyone in Trinidad and Tobago and is paid for by the Government and taxpayers.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Preparations are underway in Trinidad and Tobago for the staging of two major world conferences to be hosted by the Trinidad and Tobago government in 2009.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Former Venezuelan Ambassador to Trinidad and Tobago, Ambassador Hector Azcar, says the cordial relationship between the Trinidad and Tobago government and Venezuela is now permanent.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Trinidad and Tobago government has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with a US firm for the establishment of an ethylene plant at Point Lisas, South Trinidad.

Healthcare services are offered on a walk-in basis. .There are a few major hospitals throughout the country as well as smaller health centers and clinics located regionally.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Health Minister John Raheal has assured the Trinidad and Tobago population that there is no outbreak of the H5NI strain of bird flu in the country.

These can be found on the Minstry of Health's website.[6] The public health facilities are way below the standard of what can be found in developed countries. .Industrial action (strikes and sickouts) by doctors and nurses happen from time to time, and some healthcare facilities are overcrowded and understaffed, with older equipment and medicines.^ Some parts of the public school system failed to meet the needs of the school-age population due to overcrowding, substandard physical facilities, and occasional classroom violence.
  • Trinidad and Tobago 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

As an alternative there are also private healthcare facilities that offer healthcare services. Prices will vary and can be quite expensive. Private doctors are also available on an appointment basis.
Public Ambulance services are available to everyone by dialing 990. This service is operated by the fire department. However these may prove to be unreliable since ambulances are limited and fire stations are often far away. Private ambulance services are available. They are generally more reliable but are not free. In an emergency it may be better to arrange one's own transportation to a healthcare facility.
Water tanks collecting rainwater from the roof
Water tanks collecting rainwater from the roof
.It's a good idea to greet a stranger before asking him or her a question.^ The Ombudsman may not be empowered to summon a Minister or a Parliamentary Secretary to appear before him or to compel a Minister or a Parliamentary Secretary to answer any questions relating to any matter under investigation by the Ombudsman.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

It's a better idea to avoid strangers when not in the company of others. .There is no nude or topless bathing anywhere in Trinidad and Tobago.^ There shall be an Elections and Boundaries Commission for Trinidad and Tobago (in this Part referred to as "the Commission").
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ NUREMBERG, Germany (AFP): Minnows Trinidad and Tobago play their biggest ever match against England on Thursday, but have no fear of their star-studded opponents.

^ There shall be a Cabinet for Trinidad and Tobago which shall have the general direction and control of the government of Trinidad and Tobago and shall be collectively responsible therefore to Parliament.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

Racial slurs should obviously be avoided. The "N" word is a definite no-no. Using the word "Coolie" to refer to Indian people is also frowned upon. Note though, these words are often used among friends, where no insult is intended.
Many Trinbagonians like to discuss sports. .Being a former British colony, these discussions usually centre around football(soccer) and cricket.^ The former British colony is living up to its carnival reputation with parties celebrating the achievement of the Soca Warriors.

.In Trinidad and Tobago, many of the world's great religions are well represented.^ Appointments of principal representatives of Trinidad and Tobago.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ House of Representatives or if by writing under his han addressed, in the case of the Speaker to the Clerk of the House and in the case of the Deputy Speaker to the Speaker, or, if the office of Speaker is vacant or the Speaker is absent from Trinidad and Tobago, to the Clerk of the House, he resigns that office; or d.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Trinidad and Tobago are making their first appearance in the World Cup finals.

Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism and Bah'ai are popular. Judaism is not very popular and is practised mostly among expatriates. Atheism and agnosticism are not widespread although many people will hold agnostic beliefs without being openly agnostic.
Some Christians may attempt to "save" you, especially if you are Hindu. .Jehovah's Witnesses are also present in Trinidad and Tobago and may try to give you religious reading material and ask for donations.^ Each session of Parliament shall be held at such place within Trinidad and Tobago and shall commence at such time as the President may by Proclamation appoint.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Trinidad+and+Tobago&forcetrack=2 You can copy and paste this text into an e-mail or other document E.g.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

^ CONSTITUTION OF OFFICES, ETC. 86.- Subject to the provisions of this Constitution and of any enactment, the President may constitute offices for Trinidad and Tobago, make appointments to any such office and terminate any such appointment.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Although Trinidad has a large Indian Hindu community, there are no taboos that Westerners would have a difficult time getting used to.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Health Minister John Raheal has assured the Trinidad and Tobago population that there is no outbreak of the H5NI strain of bird flu in the country.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Trinidad and Tobago's Prime Minister, Patrick Manning, says there will be no attempt by him at this time to recommend to the President that the Chief Justice ought to be investigated or removed from office.

The cow is not so sacred as to prohibit eating beef or wearing leather although Hindus do not eat beef. .(A few ultra-conservative Hindus may take exception to all this, but they are very, very few in number.^ The beach and a number of pubs and restaurants can all be reached in a few minutes on foot.
  • Trinidad And Tobago Vacation Packages - Save on air + hotel Trinidad And Tobago packages - Cheap Trinidad And Tobago Vacations 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC beach.tripmasters.com [Source type: General]

)
Trinidadians can be extremely friendly and hospitable -- especially with guests who share a common religion with them. .Be sure to bring small gifts to show your appreciation, as some visitors who had no intention of visiting or staying with locals end up doing so anyway.^ Our small team look forward to making your holiday stay a truly Tobago experience...
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

.Some homes (including a few guest houses) in rural areas are not connected to any underground water mains.^ Get a group of friends, couples and come and take some fun and a few beers and chill in Trinidads finest beach house.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

^ The guest house was once the family home to the couple and their six children.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

However, they may still have running water from a large, round, black outdoor water tank. If staying in such a place, be sure to conserve water -- especially in the dry season (or year-round if it doesn't collect rainwater from the roof). If the tanks run dry, water trucks for refills may be available. However, even underground piped water may be rationed during the dry season. .In short, if you are not staying in a major hotel, ask about the water situation.^ The peaceful waters of Pigeon Point are a mere 7 minutes drive from the hotel and it is about 10 minutes to the capital town of Scarborough.
  • Trinidad And Tobago Vacation Packages - Save on air + hotel Trinidad And Tobago packages - Cheap Trinidad And Tobago Vacations 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC beach.tripmasters.com [Source type: General]

^ For questions or to ask about hotels not listed , please Inquire Here .
  • Trinidad and Tobago Hotels - Best Price Hotels in Trinidad and Tobago with Instant Confirmation & Last Minute Bookings 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.southtravels.com [Source type: General]

Contact

.Trinidad's international area code is 868 under the North American Numbering Plan.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: An earthquake measuring 4.2 on the Richter scale shook parts of North Trinidad on Tuesday sending tremors through several areas.

.From the U.S. and Canada, it's no different than calling other states and provinces (1+868), but costs more.^ Planetcalls offers more than 20 different phone cards so that you could choose the one that suits you best.
  • Trinidad&Tobago phone cards, Trinidad&Tobago calling cards, calling to Trinidad&Tobago, calling from Trinidad&Tobago 20 September 2009 0:17 UTC www.callingcom.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Trinidad&Tobago - CELL phone cards, Trinidad&Tobago - CELL calling cards, calling to Trinidad&Tobago - CELL, calling from Trinidad&Tobago - CELL 20 September 2009 0:17 UTC www.callingcom.com [Source type: Academic]

^ No moneys shall be withdrawn from any public fund other than the Consolidated Fund unless the issue of those moneys has been authorised by an Act.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ There shall be a Teaching Service Commission for Trinidad and Tobago which shall consist of a Chairman and not more than four other members.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

Its top level domain is .tt and its ITU callsign prefixes are 9Y and 9Z.

The telecommunications authority

.All telecommunications in Trinidad and Tobago are now under the authority of the Telecommunications Authority of Trinidad and Tobago (TATT)[7].^ Trinidad and Tobago under section 17(1); or b.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Telecommunications Services of Trinidad and Tobago (TSTT) is claiming that its operations are being sabotaged due to current open market competition.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The authorities in Trinidad and Tobago are now considering the introduction of a gun amnesty aimed at getting guns off the streets and so reduce the number of firearms-related crimes in the country...

.All telecommunications and broadcasting licenses and franchises in Trinidad and Tobago are obtained from and administered by TATT. Complaints about telecommunications service providers can also be made to them.^ Additional flight service from Trinidad to Tobago .

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Telecommunications Services of Trinidad and Tobago (TSTT) is claiming that its operations are being sabotaged due to current open market competition.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Two senior management officials of Trinidad and Tobago's Digicel Telecommunications group have resigned, following a reported shake up within the Group.

Landline telephones

.Landline telephones are available in larger hotels but may be unavailable in guest rooms of smaller guest houses.^ Joy and Brandon Guest house Buccoo Point Buccoo Rooms From: $USD 19.00.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

^ Caribbean Hotel and Guest House Online Booking Available.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

^ Alicias House Limited Hotel Saint Anns Coblentz Garden 7 Saint Anns Saint Anns Saint Anns Rooms From: $USD Good Value - Contact us.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

.The telephone company is Telecommunications Services of Trinidad and Tobago[8], which is jointly owned by the Government of Trinidad and Tobago and Cable and Wireless.^ New tourism company for Trinidad & Tobago .

^ Additional flight service from Trinidad to Tobago .

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Preparations are underway in Trinidad and Tobago for the staging of two major world conferences to be hosted by the Trinidad and Tobago government in 2009.

Local calls incur toll charges, however, calls in the same area code and telephone exchange are billed at a flat rate for the whole call. Hotels of course may charge more if you use their telephones. There are calling cafes around the country. .For visitors who wants to make international calls, it might be a good idea to use calling cafes.^ PIN-less Dialing Make calls directly from your phones without entering PIN. Register phones using My Account.
  • Trinidad&Tobago - CELL Phone Cards, Trinidad&Tobago - CELL Calling Cards 20 September 2009 0:17 UTC www.1st-phonecard.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Trinidad&Tobago Phone Cards, Trinidad&Tobago Calling Cards 20 September 2009 0:17 UTC www.1st-phonecard.com [Source type: Academic]

Mobile telephones

.Trinidad and Tobago currently has two active operating mobile telephone carriers - bmobile[9] and Digicel[10].^ Digicel officially launches in Trinidad and Tobago .

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Telecommunications Services of Trinidad and Tobago (TSTT) is claiming that its operations are being sabotaged due to current open market competition.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Officials of the gaming industry in Trinidad and Tobago are preparing to take legal action against a decision by Government to crack down on their operation.

They both operate under the GSM standard, with bmobile using the 1800MHz frequency band, and Digicel using the 850MHz and 1900MHz frequency bands. .There are roaming agreements with GSM carriers such as AT&T (ex Cingular) in the US, however the cost to roam may be prohibitive and calling within Trinidad may incur international toll charges.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Caribbean Community (CARICOM) has signed an agreement with the United States, which now allows the US access to information about people traveling to and from the Caribbean and also within the region.

^ Trinidad-born US labour leader calls on workers to speak up .

^ Each session of Parliament shall be held at such place within Trinidad and Tobago and shall commence at such time as the President may by Proclamation appoint.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

One can purchase a prepaid SIM card and GSM phone from Digicel or bmobile stores for as little as TT$100 and use that card in an unlocked GSM phone for the duration of their stay. You can also purchase a phone with SIM for that price. .CDMA or PCS phones will not work in Trinidad and Tobago.^ Trinidad&Tobago prepaid phone card .

^ Phone cards to Trinidad&Tobago.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: There is a controversy brewing in Trinidad and Tobago about a reporter's right to accept cell phone calls from prisoners.

They will appear to be active due to TSTT's EVDO data only network, but one cannot make or receive calls on the CDMA network.

Payphones

Pay phones are a hit or miss in Trinidad. Some phones may be vandalized, full and in need of maintenance or simply not working. .If you are lucky enough to find a working payphone, you can use either 25 cent coins or calling cards with an 800 number to access them.^ To avoid running up unwanted toll or long distance charges when calling local access numbers, be sure to check the number is "local call" for you.

^ If you have a cellular phone with unlimited night & weekend free domestic long distance minutes, you can take advantage of it by calling from any local access number in the states to get lower rate and more minutes.

^ Chopin phone card calling price start from 25.00 ¢/min .

Some phones also accept phonecards which are pre-paid with a magnetic stripe. Insert the card and make your call. .Some phones in hotels and at the airport allow the use of foreign calling cards.^ Simply phone card calling price start from 8.77 ¢/min .

^ Discovery phone card calling price start from 10.14 ¢/min .

^ Cheap Call phone card calling price start from 8.10 ¢/min .

Calls to local 800 numbers, 999 and 990 are free.

Internet access

Internet cafés offer Internet access on public terminals at an hourly rate usually from TT$1 to TT$10.
Dialup access is available from TSTT[11] and other independent ISP's. There are monthly plans and pay as you go access. .Pay as you go service is available through the 619-EASY service for TT$0.75 per minute.^ It takes you 20 minutes by bus or taxi to go to the island's capital Scarborough.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

Roaming with foreign ISP accounts is available through an agreement between TSTT and IPASS, inc.
Broadband internet options in Trinidad are extremely limited. .Due to the fact that TSTT has a contractual monopoly over some telecommunications services in Trinidad and Tobago, their service is often sub-standard and overpriced.^ Additional flight service from Trinidad to Tobago .

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Telecommunications Services of Trinidad and Tobago (TSTT) is claiming that its operations are being sabotaged due to current open market competition.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Two senior management officials of Trinidad and Tobago's Digicel Telecommunications group have resigned, following a reported shake up within the Group.

But they are a monopoly, for now anyway, so locals usually grin and bear it. This is changing as the contracts expire and competition moves in.
.Wi-Fi access is available in a few places such as Piarco airport, Movie Towne and select hotels and restaurants.^ Stopover Caribbean Style - Bel Air Airport Hotel is conveniently located immediately just outside the perimeter of Piarco International Airport only 5 minutes away...
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

^ Bel Air International Airport Hotel Piarco Golden Grove Road Ntcl Mail Cntr Piarco Piarco Piarco Rooms From: $USD Good Value - Contact us.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

It is free of charge right now but this is subject to change. EVDO and EDGE broadband access are also available, but may require contracts and a service commitment. .Some hotels and guest houses provide free high speed internet.^ High Speed internet access available throughout property with your own laptop.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

^ Our exquisite rooms are themed after orchids Wireless/High Speed Internet access throughout property...
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

^ Caribbean Hotel and Guest House Online Booking Available.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

Always inquire if you don't see it listed on their web site, as it may have been added recently.
There are other options including fixed wireless, DSL, cable modem (only in a few areas) and satellite but these are generally not available to tourists for a short term stay.
.A good discussion of Trinidad and Tobago internet access options is available at the TTCS website.^ BRIDGETOWN, Barbados: Barbados and Trinidad & Tobago have been told they have to work out an agreement to allow and govern the access of Barbadian fishermen to Trinidad waters.

^ High Speed internet access available throughout property with your own laptop.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Bed and Breakfast Cheap Hotel Guest House Accommodation 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC www.bedandbreakfasts.carib.com [Source type: General]

^ Trinidad and Tobago gets good reviews from IMF .

[12]

Postal facilities

.The postal service is run by the Trinidad and Tobago Postal Corporation, TTPost[13].^ Additional flight service from Trinidad to Tobago .

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Telecommunications Services of Trinidad and Tobago (TSTT) is claiming that its operations are being sabotaged due to current open market competition.

^ Trinidad & Tobago welcomes new Delta Air Lines service .

Postal rates are available on the TTPost website. Post offices are located close to the center of town in many places with red drop-off boxes in some places. Thanks to restructuring of the postal service, TTPost has become comparable to the postal service in many developed countries and is generally reliable. .Additionally, other services such as US visa fee payment, bill payment and the purchase of inter island ferry tickets are available from TTPost.^ Subsections (5) to (11) apply to the office of Ombudsman, a member of the Election and Boundaries Commission, a member of the Integrity Commission, a member of a Service Commission, a member of the Salaries Review Commission and to such other offices as may be prescribed.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ This section and sections 130 and 131 shall be, in addition to and not in derogation of any other provisions for review of the decision of any Service Commission.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

Two way radio

Amateur radio

.Be advised that ham radio tourism and DXpeditions are very risky in Trinidad and Tobago, mostly because of the difficulty in importing equipment.^ New tourism company for Trinidad & Tobago .

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The dual island nation of Trinidad & Tobago, famous for its Carnival and eclectic culture, has established the Tourism Development Company of Trinidad & Tobago Limited (TDC) as their tourism agency...

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Ministry of Agriculture in Trinidad and Tobago has banned all poultry products imported from France.

Please see the note about importing equipment below.
The internationally allocated ITU prefixes in Trinidad and Tobago are 9Y and 9Z.
.In order to operate an Amateur Radio Station in Trinidad and Tobago, one needs a license.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Telecommunications Services of Trinidad and Tobago (TSTT) is claiming that its operations are being sabotaged due to current open market competition.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Officials of the gaming industry in Trinidad and Tobago are preparing to take legal action against a decision by Government to crack down on their operation.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Operations at Trinidad and Tobago's national airline, BWIA, were almost brought to a halt on Saturday with a large number of employees calling in sick.

If one's country of citizenship is a signatory to the IARP agreement and one holds a license equivalent to US General class (Novice and US Technician licenses are excluded) in that country, one can simply operate with 9y4/home callsign. For example, if your home callsign is W1ZZZ, you operate using 9Y4/W1ZZZ.
Otherwise one will need to apply for a license at TATT. The following are needed:
  • Photo ID and photocopy (passport)
  • Original and copy of certificate(s) showing a pass in an amateur radio exam, in English or accompanied by an English translation.
  • Original and copy of your home amateur radio license, in English, or accompanied by an English translation.
  • Form L-2 from TATT website, filled out and photocopied
  • TT$20 application fee and TT$100 license fee
.Appear in person at the TATT office at 76 Boundary Road, San Juan, Trinidad to apply.^ The person holding the office of Governor-General of Trinidad and Tobago at the commencement of this Constitution shall hold the office of President under this Constitution until a President is elected under the provisions of this Chapter and assumes office.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The President acting in accordance with the advice of the Prime Minister shall have power to appoint persons to the offices to which this section applies and to remove persons from any such office.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Subsections (5) to (11) apply to the office of Ombudsman, a member of the Election and Boundaries Commission, a member of the Integrity Commission, a member of a Service Commission, a member of the Salaries Review Commission and to such other offices as may be prescribed.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

Processing time varies. .If you want to have the license arranged in advance, it is better to contact the Trinidad and Tobago Amateur Radio Society TTARS[14] and they can assist you.^ BRIDGETOWN, Barbados: Barbados and Trinidad & Tobago have been told they have to work out an agreement to allow and govern the access of Barbadian fishermen to Trinidad waters.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago Patrick Manning, has defended his administration's spending, saying it is for the betterment of the country.

^ Puerto Rico wants stronger trade ties with Trinidad and Tobago .

Foreigners will be granted 9Y4/homecall for the duration of their stay.
It is at the discretion of the Technical officer issuing your license, but generally a license equivalent to US General class and above (or its equivalent) gets full privileges including HF. Technician gets privileges above 30MHz only. In some cases they may deny Novice or Technician class amateurs altogether.
Importing equipment
Importing equipment can be painless and easy or it can be a long, drawn out bureaucratic process. .The difficulty of importing ham radio equipment has caused many tourists to simply forget about doing any ham radio activities in Trinidad and Tobago.^ Wall Street worries about Trinidad and Tobago spending .

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The Ministry of Agriculture in Trinidad and Tobago has banned all poultry products imported from France.

^ While on vacation there in 2004, the Trinidad & Tobago government received about US$9 million.

It is best to operate at a local's station if you can.
You will need to have the equipment type approved by TATT. There is a form on their website. Call them in advance. One should also get a receipt showing the value of one's equipment.
When you go through customs and they search your bags, the customs officer will ask about the ham radio equipment if they see it. You should tell them what it is and show them your license. They will tell you that you need to pay a bond equal to the value of the equipment and you will retrieve it before you leave. Otherwise they wil probably seize your equipment and there is no guarantee that you'll get it back. Sometimes you'll just get lucky and they'll tell you to walk through. Sometimes they'll let you go with it but charge 20% customs duty. Officially the law says that ham radio equipment is duty free for nationals. It's a gamble. It is best to not have your radio in the original boxes as this will more likely encourage customs officers to charge you a bond or duty.
You should carry as much of your equipment in your carry on luggage as possible. Incidents of theft from checked luggage, while not very frequent, do happen.
Repeaters and local frequencies
There are a few local repeaters that you can say hello on. Those are:
  • 147.930MHz -600kHz 9Y4TT (North)
  • 146.940MHz -600kHz 9Y4TT (Central/South)
  • 147.760MHz -600kHz 9Y4TT (Tobago)
  • 146.100MHz +600KHz 9Y4NG (Central/South)
  • 147.705MHz -600Khz 9Y4TTL (North)
In addition 146.520MHz is often monitored as a simplex channel. In the South (San Fernando) 146.550MHz is monitored and there is also an echolink node run by 9Y4NG on that frequency.
The local custom for a general call on the repeater is to say, "QRZ? This is <your callsign>, is anyone on frequency?"

CB

.Citizens Band Radio (CB) is not licensed for use in Trinidad and Tobago.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The achievement of full employment and an unprecedented level of economy prosperity for nationals are what citizens of Trinidad and Tobago can look forward to in 2006...

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: A recent survey conducted in Trinidad and Tobago has revealed that the use of alcohol and illicit drugs among students in public schools is on the rise.

^ A person shall not become a citizen of Trinidad and Tobago by virtue of subsection (1), if at the time of his birth- a.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

However, recent changes to the laws by the Telecommunications Authority have indicated that CB will be licensed and legal soon in Trinidad. However, the CB prohibition did not stop many locals from purchasing and using CB's. As a tourist you may not be so lucky. It is best to not carry any CB radios into Trinidad. They will most likely be seized by customs.

Personal radio services (FRS, GMRS, MURS, PMR446)

.These are not licensed for use in Trinidad and Tobago.^ Using our phone rates search you can sort all available calling cards by their rates to call from Trinidad&Tobago - CELL to another country or to call to Trinidad&Tobago - CELL from another country.
  • Trinidad&Tobago - CELL phone cards, Trinidad&Tobago - CELL calling cards, calling to Trinidad&Tobago - CELL, calling from Trinidad&Tobago - CELL 20 September 2009 0:17 UTC www.callingcom.com [Source type: Academic]

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: A recent survey conducted in Trinidad and Tobago has revealed that the use of alcohol and illicit drugs among students in public schools is on the rise.

^ To find best rates for calls from Trinidad&Tobago - CELL to a needed country and buy phone cards use this form: USA-Continental .
  • Trinidad&Tobago - CELL Phone Cards, Trinidad&Tobago - CELL Calling Cards 20 September 2009 0:17 UTC www.1st-phonecard.com [Source type: Academic]

The radios may be seized by customs. Best to leave them at home. .It is also illegal to use these within the territorial waters of Trinidad and Tobago.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: Trinidad and Tobago and Germany are putting measures in place to encourage investments within each other's borders.

^ BRIDGETOWN, Barbados: Barbados and Trinidad & Tobago have been told they have to work out an agreement to allow and govern the access of Barbadian fishermen to Trinidad waters.

^ Each session of Parliament shall be held at such place within Trinidad and Tobago and shall commence at such time as the President may by Proclamation appoint.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

This means that if you are on a cruise ship or other vessel docked in TT waters, leave the FRS/GMRS/MURS/PMR446 radios off and do not transmit. .Other licensed services use those frequencies and you may interfere with them.^ Subsections (5) to (11) apply to the office of Ombudsman, a member of the Election and Boundaries Commission, a member of the Integrity Commission, a member of a Service Commission, a member of the Salaries Review Commission and to such other offices as may be prescribed.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

Marine radios

Provided your radios are part of your boat's equipment and licensed by your home country, you should not have any issues bringing these in. Bringing these in other than installed in boats could result in them being seized.

Broadcast radio and TV

Radio

Thanks to the liberalization of the telecommunications market, there are now many radio stations on the FM band. Most of the stations play music, with Indian music and calypso/soca being popular.

TV

.There are some local TV stations, the major one being TV6 on Channels 6 and 18. Most of them carry local programming, but TV6 carries American series, sitcoms and soap operas.^ Owner of Islamic TV station in Trinidad released after being held under Terrorism Act .

.Some stations are cable only whereas others are low power so they are only available regionally.^ Trinidad and Tobago any citizen of Trinidad and Tobago but only on the acquisition of citizenship of some other country in the case of a citizen by birth or descent; or c.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Gayelle The Channel on Channels 23 and 27 is a 100% local television station that can give visitors to Trinidad and Tobago an interesting and entertaining insight into local life and culture.^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: The dual island nation of Trinidad & Tobago, famous for its Carnival and eclectic culture, has established the Tourism Development Company of Trinidad & Tobago Limited (TDC) as their tourism agency...

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: A 27-member trade mission from Nova Scotia, Canada is now on a visit to Trinidad and Tobago to pursue business and investment opportunities.

^ PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad: With a booming economy and revenue from energy coming into Trinidad and Tobago, the spending habits of the Government have begun to worry Wall Street investors.

Other local channels include; NCC 4, Synergy TV, Trinity Television and the Islamic Channel.
Cable television is also available. .Most major American networks are available on cable including CBS, NBC and ABC. Cable TV is available at hotels and guest houses.^ House or that no party commands the supports of such a majority, the member of the House of Representatives who, in his judgment, is most likely to command the support of the majority of members of that House; and who is willing to accept the office of Prime Minister.
  • Trinidad and Tobago: Constitution 7 January 2010 23:40 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

Satellite TV from DirecTV Latin America is also available, but their offerings are not as good as cable and they tend to feature more Spanish language programming.
Big dish satellite TV is also available.
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Proper noun

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Plural
-
  1. A country in the Caribbean. Official name: Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.

Translations

See also


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 16, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Trinidad and Tobago, which are similar to those in the above article.








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