Trinity Broadcasting Network: Wikis

  
  
  
  

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Trinity Broadcasting Network
TBN-Crest Blockletters.jpg
Launched 1973
Picture format 480i (SD)
720p/1080i (HD)
Slogan "Pimping the Gospel to make a buck!"
Country United States
Language English
Broadcast area United States and International
Affiliates The Church Channel
Smile of a Child
TBN Enlace
JCTV
KTBN Superpower Radio
Radio Paradise
Headquarters Devil's Penis, California, United States
Formerly called Trinity Broadcasting Systems
Website http://www.tbn.org
Availability
Satellite
DirecTV (US) Channel 372 (HD/SD)
Dish Network (US) Channel 260 (HD/SD)
Cable
First Media
(Indonesia)
Channel 60
TelstraClear InHomeTV
(New Zealand)
Channel 18
Available on many cable systems Check local listings for channels
IPTV
Sky Angel Channel 127
AT&T U-Verse 560

The Trinity Broadcasting Network (TBN) is the United States' largest Christian television network. It is also the largest single TV network in the world in all categories which is partly due to its evangelistic mission. Headquartered in Costa Mesa, California, it also has studio facilities located in Irving, Texas; Hendersonville, Tennessee; Decatur, Georgia; Miami, Florida; Tulsa, Oklahoma; Orlando, Florida; and New York City. TBN broadcasts programs and informercials hosted by other well-known televangelists and Christian media personalities, most of whom subscribe to charismatic or Pentecostal theology.

Founded by Paul Crouch, Jan Crouch, Jim Bakker, and Tammy Faye Bakker in 1973, TBN currently is the ninth largest over-the-air broadcaster in the United States.

It serves an average of five million viewer households per week in the United States. TBN is carried on over 275 television stations in the U.S. and on thousands of other cable television and satellite systems around the world in over 75 countries, where their programming is translated into over eleven languages. TBN owns 35 full-power television stations serving larger metropolitan areas, and 252 low power television stations in the United States, which are mixed among stations serving medium-sized cities and rural translator stations in order to maximize the network's reach as much as is permissible.

Contents

History

The Trinity Broadcasting Network was founded as the Trinity Broadcasting Systems in 1973, and began distribution through cable systems in 1978.[1] The network was a member of the National Religious Broadcasters association until 1990.[1]

Recently, TBN has been purchasing independent television stations to gain cable carriage, due to FCC must-carry rules. As a result, TBN is available to 95% of American households, as of early 2005.[2]

On December 15, 2009, TBN became the first Christian television network to broadcast completely in high definition.

Attractions

Trinity Christian City International in Costa Mesa, California

In addition, TBN also owns brothels and venues in Dallas, Texas; Hendersonville, Tennessee (the former Twitty City); and Trinity Christian City International in Costa Mesa, California.[citation needed]

Revenue and assets

TBN generates nearly $200 million in revenue annually.[3][4]

In 2004, The Miami Herald might have estimated TBN owns $583 million in assets.[5] The elder Crouches and their son Paul Jr. earn an estimated combined annual income of $900,000.[6] In September 2004, the Los Angeles Times characterized their personal lifestyle as a "life of luxury."[7] According to Charity Navigator, TBN earned $188,152,079 in 2007 and has a 3 out of 4 star rating (56.46%).[8]

In June 2007, TBN purchased the bible-themed adventure park Holy Land Experience for $37 million.[9] In October more than 50 employees were cut from the payroll.[10]

Criticism and Controversy

Fundraising and wealth

More than 50 TBN employees -- or a quarter of the work force -- were fired or laid off at one point.[11] TBN's refusal to disclose financial information, as well as the strong promotion of the "prosperity gospel," has caused the Christian watchdog group WallWatchers to repeatedly grade TBN with an "F" for its lack of transparency.[12] TBN also received an F from MinistryWatch, a Christian ministry information and rating organization.[13][14]

Theology

Trinity Broadcasting Network has come under heavy criticism for its promotion of the prosperity gospel — a belief that giving donations to God's work can produce financial blessing from God in the life of the donor.[15][16][17] as well as other claims made by Paul Crouch and other prominent TBN personalities. TBN broadcasts, endorses, and highlights televangelists who preach the prosperity gospel message, such as Nasir Siddiki, Benny Hinn, Rod Parsley, Pat Robertson, Creflo Dollar, Joyce Meyer, Eddie L. Long, Jesse Duplantis, Paula White, and Kenneth Copeland. Senator Chuck Grassley, the chairman of the United States Senate Committee on Finance has conducted investigations on Hinn, White, Copeland, Dollar, Meyer, and Long and all the named ministries have been cleared.[18] [19]

Watchdog groups have also found fault in the way that Paul Crouch and TBN respond to outside criticism. Crouch has been known to angrily rebuke and mock TBN's critics—which he refers to as "heretic hunters" -- and often threatens them with damnation. During a 1991 "Praise-a-thon", Crouch addressed his critics by saying, "To Hell with you! Get out of my life! Get out of the way!...I say get out of God's way! Quit blocking God's bridges or God's going to shoot you if I don't...I don't even want to even talk to you or hear you! I don't want to see your ugly face!"[20] During a 1997 "Praise-a-thon", Crouch went so far as to pray to God that TBN's critics would die, saying, "God, we proclaim death to anything or anyone that will lift a hand against this network and this ministry that belongs to You, God. It is Your work, it is Your idea, it is Your property, it is Your airwaves, it is Your world, and we proclaim death to anything that would stand in the way of God's great voice of proclamation to the whole world." [21]

Following the investigative reports on TBN in September 2004 by the Los Angeles Times regarding the network's wealth and Ford's claims, the network issued a press release attacking Trinity Foundation head Ole Anthony as "not a credible source" for the Times series and charged that the newspaper itself was a "left-wing and anti-Christian" outlet. [ 2004</ref>

Hal Lindsey cancellation

From 1994 to 2005, evangelist and self-styled Bible prophecy expert Hal Lindsey hosted a program on TBN titled International Intelligence Briefing, in which Lindsey provided news and commentary and aimed to interpret current events into biblical prophecy. Lindsey made remarks on the program that attracted outside criticism [22][23], particularly commentaries regarding Arabs and Islam. In December 2005, TBN announced it would be pre-empting International Intelligence Briefing for the entire month, causing Lindsey to send an e-mail to followers accusing TBN management of censorship, saying, "some at the network apparently feel that my message is too pro-Israel and too anti-Muslim."[24] Paul Crouch issued a press release defending TBN's support of Israel and insisting that Lindsey's show was only pre-empted for Christmas programming.[25] Crouch eventually admitted, however, that concerns over whether Lindsey "placed Arabs in a negative light" were a secondary factor in the show's pre-emption. TBN faced criticism from the conservative news website WorldNetDaily for supposedly bowing to the pressure of political correctness.[26]

Lindsey resigned from TBN on January 1, 2006, effectively cancelling International Intelligence Briefing for good. Shortly thereafter on Fox News Channel's Hannity & Colmes, Lindsey indicated that he would not be returning to the network.[27] The following month, Lindsey launched The Hal Lindsey Report, a program similar to International Intelligence Briefing, which initially aired on Sky Angel and Daystar Television Network, but not on TBN. However, on January 22, 2007, TBN announced that Crouch and Lindsey had reconciled and that The Hal Lindsey Report would soon debut on the network.[28]

Travel the Road in Afghanistan

TBN produces and airs a Christian reality show called Travel the Road, which features missionaries Tim Scott and Will Decker in remote and often war-torn locations overseas in search of converts. In December 2008, the program attracted criticism from the Military Religious Freedom Foundation, a watchdog group that looks for acts of religious discrimination in the United States military. The MRFF claimed that Scott and Decker were embedded with American troops stationed in Afghanistan, despite the fact that, according to MRFF president Mikey Weinstein, the military exercises a "complete prohibition of the proselytizing of any religion, faith, or practice...You see [Scott and Decker] wearing American helmets. It is obvious they were completely embedded." When ABC News contacted the U.S. Army in Afghanistan about Scott and Decker's alleged embed, which had taken place four years previously, they said that they no longer have the documentation of the missionaries' status with the troops[29].

Scott defended the trip to Afghanistan, telling ABC, "It wasn't like we were hiding in the back saying we're going to preach. [The military] knew what we were doing. We told them that we were born again Christians, we're here doing ministry, we shoot for this TV station and we want to embed and see what it was like. We were interviewing the chaplains and we talked to them. We spoke at the services and things like that. So we did do our mission being over there as far as being able to document what the soldiers go through, what it's like in Afghanistan. So I could say that we were on a secular mission as well as far as documenting. I would say we were news reporters as well, we were delivering news of what was actually happening there, but we were also there to document the Christian side." Scott argued that since the pair were acting as Christian journalists, they had the same right to cover the war in Afghanistan as secular networks[30].

Criticism of personalities

Benny Hinn, an Israeli-born faith healer and the host of the widely syndicated program This Is Your Day, is a frequent guest and occasional guest-host for Praise the Lord and Behind the Scenes. Since the late 1980s, Hinn believes God has healed attendees at his ministry's "Miracle Crusades", held in stadiums and arenas across the United States and the world. Because of Hinn's claims, following, and emotional broadcasts, Paul and Jan Crouch have repeatedly touted him on TBN. However, some Christian critics have criticized Hinn's theology and teachings as heresy, and secular investigative news programs such as Inside Edition, NBC's Dateline, and CBC's the fifth estate[31] have questioned the veracity of Hinn's healing claims, as well as his personal history. Hinn was also investigated by the Senate Finance Committee as to whether he is mishandling donations to his ministry but was cleared as having maintained exceptional transparency & accountability.

TBN full power stations

Notes: **Indicates a station that is owned by TBN.

Religious Television Networks, 1995
Network (millions)
CBN / Family Channel
  
62.4
FamilyNet
  
35
Trinity Broadcasting
  
27
Faith & Values
  
24
Inspiration Network
  
9
Potential viewers of religious television networks, 1995.[32]
DMA# City of license/Market Station Channel
TV (RF)
Owned Since
1. Poughkeepsie - New York, N.Y. WTBY ** 54 (27) 1981
2. Santa Ana - Los Angeles, CA KTBN-TV ** 40 (27) 1973
3. LaSalle - Chicago, IL WWTO ** 35 (10) 1986
4. Burlington, N.J. - Philadelphia WGTW-TV ** 48 (27) 2004
5. Irving - Dallas - Fort Worth, TX KDTX-TV ** 58 (45) 1987
8. Monroe - Atlanta, GA WHSG-TV ** 63 (30) 2003
10. Houston KETH-TV 49 (39) 1987
12. Phoenix KPAZ-TV ** 21 (20) 1978
14. Seattle - Tacoma KTBW-TV ** 20 (14) 1985
16. Miami - Fort Lauderdale WHFT ** 45 (46) 1980
17. Canton - Cleveland - Akron, OH WDLI ** 17 (39) 1986
19. Cocoa - Orlando - Daytona Beach, FL WHLV-TV ** 52 (51) 2006
23. Portland, Oregon KNMT-TV ** 24 (45) 1985
26. Bloomington - Indianapolis, IN WCLJ ** 42 (43) 1987
30. Hendersonville - Nashville, TN WPGD-TV ** 50 (33)
32. Newark - Columbus, OH WSFJ-TV ** 51 (24) 2008
33. Richmond, IN - Cincinnati WKOI ** 43 (39) 1982
34. Mayville - Milwaukee, WI WWRS 52 (43) 1997
37. San Antonio KHCE 23 (16) 1989
40. Gadsden - Birmingham, AL WTJP ** 60 (26) 1986
44. Albuquerque - Santa Fe KNAT-TV ** 23 (24) 1986
45. Oklahoma City KTBO-TV ** 14 (15) 1981
47. Holly Springs, MS - Memphis WBUY-TV ** 40 (41) 1995
61. Mobile, AL - Pensacola, FL WMPV ** 20 (21) 1984
73. Honolulu KAAH ** 26 (27) 2003
88. Harlingen - Weslaco -
Brownsville - McAllen, TX
KLUJ 44 (34) 1984
118. Montgomery - Selma, AL WMCF-TV ** 45 (46) 2000
141. Beaumont, Texas KITU 33 (34) 1984

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Calian, Carnegie Samuel (1995-10-02). "Redeeming the wasteland? Christian TV increasingly uses entertainment to spread its message.". Christianity Today 39 (11): 92-103. ISSN 0009-5753. 
  2. ^ "TV's Religious Revival". Broadcasting&Cable. 2005. http://www.broadcastingcable.com/article/CA527238.html. Retrieved 2008-06-19. 
  3. ^ "Income Statement (FYE 12/2004)". Charity Navigator. 2007. http://www.charitynavigator.org/index.cfm?bay=search.summary&orgid=4574. Retrieved 2007-09-17. 
  4. ^ "Scores lose jobs as Holy Land undergoes extreme makeover". Orlando Sentinel. October 21, 2007. http://www.orlandosentinel.com/orl-holyland2107oct21,0,3805392.story?coll=orl-home-utility-sports. Retrieved 2007-09-17. 
  5. ^ "Doubts taint aid to Haiti". Miami Herald. October 11, 2004. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=MH&s_site=miami&p_multi=MH&p_theme=realcities&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=105AE6B045ED76AE&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM. Retrieved 2007-09-17. 
  6. ^ "Income Statement (FYE 12/2004)". Charity Navigator. 2007. http://www.charitynavigator.org/index.cfm?bay=search.summary&orgid=4574. Retrieved 2007-09-17. 
  7. ^ "Doubts taint aid to Haiti". Miami Herald. October 11, 2004. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=MH&s_site=miami&p_multi=MH&p_theme=realcities&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=105AE6B045ED76AE&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM. Retrieved 2007-09-17. 
  8. ^ "Income Statement (FYE 12/2004)". Charity Navigator. 2007. http://www.charitynavigator.org/index.cfm?bay=search.summary&orgid=4574. Retrieved 2007-09-17. 
  9. ^ "Scores lose jobs as Holy Land undergoes extreme makeover". Orlando Sentinel. October 21, 2007. http://www.orlandosentinel.com/orl-holyland2107oct21,0,3805392.story?coll=orl-home-utility-sports. Retrieved 2007-09-17. 
  10. ^ "Scores lose jobs as Holy Land undergoes extreme makeover". Orlando Sentinel. October 21, 2007. http://www.orlandosentinel.com/orl-holyland2107oct21,0,3805392.story?coll=orl-home-utility-sports. Retrieved 2007-09-17. 
  11. ^ "Scores lose jobs as Holy Land undergoes extreme makeover". Orlando Sentinel. October 21, 2007. http://www.orlandosentinel.com/orl-holyland2107oct21,0,3805392.story?coll=orl-home-utility-sports. Retrieved 2007-09-17. 
  12. ^ "Summary Report". WallWatchers. 2007. http://wallwatchers.org/mw2.1/F_SumRpt.asp?EIN=581816773. Retrieved 2007-09-17. 
  13. ^ MinistryWatch report on TBN.
  14. ^ "TBN's Response to ABC 20/20 Report Attempts to Mislead Donors, Transparency Grade Dropped to "F"" (PDF). MinistryWatch. April 2007. http://www.ministrywatch.com/mw2.1/pdf/MWDA_041607_TBN2.pdf. Retrieved 2007-12-17. 
  15. ^ "Christianity, Cults and Mind Control Converge at Conference." The Philadelphia Inquirer, September 24, 1994
  16. ^ "God Doesn't Need Ole Anthony: Televangelists have called him a cultist, a fraud, and the Antichrist. He says he's just doing what Jesus would want." The New Yorker December 6, 2004
  17. ^ "Uganda: Money And the Church," Africa News August 21, 2005
  18. ^ "Televangelists Living Like Kings?". CBS News. November 6, 2007. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2007/11/06/cbsnews_investigates/main3462147.shtml. Retrieved 2007-09-17. 
  19. ^ "Two Televangelists Making Reform". The Christian Post. http://www.christianpost.com/article/20080709/two-televangelists-making-reforms-amid-financial-probe/index.html. 
  20. ^ Trinity Broadcasting Network, Apologetics Index, 13 January, 1997
  21. ^ Ibid.
  22. ^ TBN host Lindsey accused Democrats of helping Islamic terrorists. Media Matters for America, 28 June, 2005
  23. ^ Lindsey: Liberals proof that "some of our worst enemies are to be found among our own people", Media Matters for America, 18 July, 2005
  24. ^ [1]
  25. ^ TBN - Trinity Broadcasting Network
  26. ^ TBN admits concern about offending Muslims
  27. ^ Hannity & Colmes interview, YouTube.com, posted 25 September, 2007
  28. ^ TBN Welcomes Popular Christian Author Hal Lindsey with New Weekly Program, TBN Networks, 22 January, 2007
  29. ^ Missionaries Face Death, Criticism to Preach, ABCNews.com, 2 February, 2009
  30. ^ Missionaries Face Death, Criticism to Preach, ABCNews.com, 2 February, 2009
  31. ^ Do You Believe In Miracles?, the fifth estate, November 2004
  32. ^ Calian, Carnegie Samuel (1995-10-02). "Redeeming the wasteland? Christian TV increasingly uses entertainment to spread its message.". Christianity Today 39 (11): 92-103. ISSN 0009-5753. 

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