Triple-double: Wikis

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In basketball, a double is the accumulation of a double-digit number total in one of five statistical categories—points, rebounds, assists, steals, and blocked shots—in a game. There are four possible types. A double-double is the accumulation of a double-digit number total in two of the five categories in a game. The most common double-double combination is points-rebounds, followed by points-assists. Since the 1986–87 season, Karl Malone led the National Basketball Association (NBA) in the points-rebounds combination with 779 and John Stockton led the points-assists combination with 696. A triple-double is the accumulation of a double-digit number total in three of the five categories in a game. The most common way to notch triple-double is through points, rebounds, and assists. Oscar Robertson led the all-time NBA list with 181. Jason Kidd led the list among active players with 104. A quadruple-double is the accumulation of a double-digit number total in four of the five categories in a game. This has occurred four times in the NBA. A quintuple-double is the accumulation of a double-digit number total in all five categories in a game. One known quintuple-double has occurred at the U.S. high school level, when Tamika Catchings recorded one in 1997. A similar accomplishment is the five-by-five, which is the accumulation of at least five points, five rebounds, five assists, five steals, and five blocks in a game. In the NBA, only Hakeem Olajuwon and Andrei Kirilenko have accumulated multiple five-by-fives since the 1986–87 season.

Contents

Double-double

A double-double is defined as a performance in which a player accumulates a double-digit number total in two of five statistical categories—points, rebounds, assists, steals, and blocked shots—in a game. The most common double-double combination is points and rebounds, followed by points and assists.[1] Double-doubles are fairly common in the NBA. During the 2008–09 season, 69 players who were eligible for leadership in the main statistical categories recorded at least 10 double-doubles during the season.[2]

Special double-doubles are rare. One such double-double is called double double-double (also referred to as 20-20 or Double-20). It occurs when a player accumulates 20 or more in two different statistical categories in a game.[3][4][5]

NBA

Double-double leaders (in regular season)

The following is a list of regular season double-double leaders since the 1986–87 season (accurate as of December 4, 2009):

* Denotes active player
Point-rebound[6]
Rank Name Numbers
1 Malone, KarlKarl Malone 779
2 O'Neal, ShaquilleShaquille O'Neal* 719
3 Olajuwon, HakeemHakeem Olajuwon 673
4 Garnett, KevinKevin Garnett* 660
5 Duncan, TimTim Duncan* 652
6 Barkley, CharlesCharles Barkley 620
7 Ewing, PatrickPatrick Ewing 563
8 Robinson, DavidDavid Robinson 543
9 Mutombo, DikembeDikembe Mutombo 469
10 Willis, KevinKevin Willis 454
Point-assist[7]
Rank Name Numbers
1 Stockton, JohnJohn Stockton 696
2 Kidd, JasonJason Kidd* 374
3 Johnson, KevinKevin Johnson 319
3 Nash, SteveSteve Nash* 319
5 Hardaway, TimTim Hardaway 279
6 Johnson, MagicMagic Johnson 277
7 Strickland, RodRod Strickland 271
8 Jackson, MarkMark Jackson 242
9 Payton, GaryGary Payton 242
10 Marbury, StephonStephon Marbury 210
Karl Malone (left) and John Stockton (right), who played for the Utah Jazz together in the 1990s, are double-double leaders in point-rebound and point-assist combination, respectively (based on figures since the 1986–87 season).

Triple-double

A triple-double is defined as a performance in which a player accumulates a double digit number total in three of five statistical categories—points, rebounds, assists, steals, and blocked shots—in a game. The most common way for a player to achieve a triple-double is with points, rebounds, and assists, though on occasion players may record 10 or more steals or blocked shots in a game.[8] The origin of the term "triple-double" is unclear. Some sources claim that it was coined by former Los Angeles Lakers public relations director Bruce Jolesch in the 1980s in order to showcase Magic Johnson's versatility,[9][10] while others claim that it was coined by then Philadelphia 76ers media relations director Harvey Pollack in the 1980.[11][12]

A triple-double is seen as an indication of an excellent all-around individual performance.[8] In the National Basketball Association (NBA), they are rare, as the top players usually accumulate fewer than 10 in a season (out of a possible 82 games in the regular NBA season).[13] They are even more rare at the collegiate level (though double-doubles are much more common). There are two primary reasons for this: the shot clock in men's college basketball is 35 seconds as opposed to 24 seconds in the NBA, and college games last only 40 minutes instead of 48 in the NBA. Both timing issues considerably reduce the number of possessions in a game and thus the chances for amassing large numbers in any one statistic, much less all three.[14]

There has been occasional controversy surrounding triple-doubles made when a player achieves the feat with a late rebound. Players with nine rebounds in a game have sometimes been accused of deliberately missing a shot late in the game in order to recover the rebound; a few have even gone so far as shooting off their opponent's basket trying to score a triple-double. To deter this, NBA rules allow rebounds to be nullified if the shot is determined not to be a legitimate scoring attempt.[15]

NBA

Facts

  • Averaging a triple-double in a single season: Oscar Robertson is the only player in NBA history to achieve this feat.[9][16] During the 1961–62 season, Robertson averaged 30.8 points, 12.5 rebounds, and 11.4 assists per game.[9][17] At the end of that season and each season through 1964–65, Robertson's cumulative career averages were a triple-double.[17]
  • Most triple-doubles in a single season: Oscar Robertson recorded 41 triple-doubles during the 1961–62 season.[16] Wilt Chamberlain is in second with 31 triple-doubles in the 1967–68 season.[18]
  • Youngest player: LeBron James (Cleveland Cavaliers), aged 20 years and 20 days, logged a triple-double on January 19, 2005, versus the Portland Trail Blazers. He had 27 points, 11 rebounds and 10 assists.[19]
  • Oldest player: Karl Malone (Los Angeles Lakers), aged 40 years and 127 days—the only 40-year-old player to do so—logged a triple-double on November 28, 2003, versus the San Antonio Spurs. He had 10 points, 11 rebounds and 10 assists.[20]
  • Double-triple-double[21] (at least 20 of any 3 statistics): Wilt Chamberlain is the only player to have accomplished this; in a February 2, 1968 game vs. Detroit Pistons, Chamberlain tallied 25 points, 22 rebounds, and 21 assists.[22][23]
  • Longest continuous streak of triple-doubles: Wilt Chamberlain holds the record for the most consecutive triple-doubles. In 1968, from March 8 to March 20, he recorded a triple-double in nine straight games.[18]
  • Triple-doubles by teammates in a regular season game: This has been accomplished only twice since 1986. It was achieved in a January 3, 1989 game[24] by Michael Jordan and Scottie Pippen of the Chicago Bulls vs. the Los Angeles Clippers. Jordan had 41 points, 11 assists and 10 rebounds, while Pippen had 15 points, 12 assists and 10 rebounds. It was also achieved in an April 7, 2007 game by Vince Carter and Jason Kidd of the New Jersey Nets vs. the Washington Wizards. Carter had 46 points, 16 rebounds and 10 assists while Kidd had 10 points, 16 rebounds, and 18 assists.[25]
* Denotes active player
All-time triple-double leaders (accurate as of March 16, 2010)
Rank Name Triple-double
1 Robertson, OscarOscar Robertson 181
2 Johnson, MagicMagic Johnson 138
3 Kidd, JasonJason Kidd* 104[26]
4 Chamberlain, WiltWilt Chamberlain 78
5 Bird, LarryLarry Bird 59
6 Lever, FatFat Lever 43
7 Havlicek, JohnJohn Havlicek 30
8 Hill, GrantGrant Hill* 29[27]
9 Jordan, MichaelMichael Jordan 28
9 James, LeBronLeBron James* 28[28]
10 Drexler, ClydeClyde Drexler 25
Sources:[29][30]

NCAA Division I

Name Team Opponent Stage Date / Year Points Rebounds Assists Steals Blocks
Robertson, OscarOscar Robertson Cincinnati Louisville Third place 01959-03-21 March 21, 1959 39 17 10
Johnson, MagicMagic Johnson Michigan State Penn Final Four 01979-03-24 March 24, 1979 29 10 10
Grant, GaryGary Grant Michigan North Carolina Second round 01987-03-14 March 14, 1987 24 10 10
O'Neal, ShaquilleShaquille O'Neal LSU BYU First round 01992-03-19 March 19, 1992 26 13 11
Cain, DavidDavid Cain St. John's Texas Tech First round 01993-03-19 March 19, 1993 12 11 11
Miller, AndreAndre Miller Utah Arizona Elite Eight 01998-03-21 March 21, 1998 18 14 13
Wade, DwyaneDwyane Wade Marquette Kentucky Elite Eight 02003-03-29 March 29, 2003 29 11 11
Aldrich, ColeCole Aldrich Kansas Dayton Second round 02009-03-22 March 22, 2009 13 20 10
  • Others
  • Kalara McFadyen of the Memphis Lady Tigers achieved perhaps the most unusual triple-double in history, without scoring a point or even attempting a shot. On February 3, 2002, in a women's Division I game against Charlotte, she had 12 assists, 10 steals, and 10 rebounds.[38][39]

Quadruple-double

Center David Robinson is the most recent NBA player to accomplish the feat of a quadruple-double by recording at least 10 points, rebounds, assists, and blocks in a game.

A quadruple-double is defined as a performance in which a player accumulates a double digit number total in four of five statistical categories—points, rebounds, assists, steals, and blocked shots—in a game.[40] This feat is extremely rare:[40][41] only four players have officially recorded a quadruple-double in National Basketball Association (NBA) history. The first American male player above the high school level to officially record a quadruple-double was Nate Thurmond, who achieved this feat in 1974 while playing for the NBA's Chicago Bulls. The first American female player above the high school level to officially record a quadruple-double was Ann Meyers, who achieved this feat in 1978 while playing for the UCLA Bruins.[42] The first male player in NCAA Division I history to record a quadruple-double was Lester Hudson.[43]

NBA

Quadruple-doubles have only been possible since the 1973–74 season, when the NBA started recording both blocked shots and steals. It is often speculated by observers that other all-time greats, namely Oscar Robertson (all time triple-doubles leader with 181[30][44]), Wilt Chamberlain, Bill Russell or Jerry West could conceivably have had quadruple-doubles.[41] According to West's biography at NBA.com, he reportedly recorded a quadruple-double after having 44 points, 12 rebounds, 10 assists and 10 blocks.[45] Wilt Chamberlain also reportedly recorded a quadruple-double in Game 1 of the 1967 Eastern Division Finals against the Boston Celtics, when he had 24 points, 32 rebounds, 13 assists and 12 blocks.[46]

The reason why [quadruple-double] is such a hard thing to accomplish is because it requires a player to be completely dominant on both ends of the court without being too selfish—so he can get the assists—and without fouling out trying to block every shot or grab every rebound. A lot of guys can get the points, rebounds and assists, but it's the defensive stuff that messes everybody up. You have to love defense to get a quadruple-double. There's no way around it.
 
— Nate Thurmond, [47]

The four players listed below are the only players who have officially recorded a quadruple-double in an NBA game (accurate as of November 2009). Except Thurmond who retired before the award was established in 1983, all of them have won NBA Defensive Player of the Year at least once.[47]

Name Date Team Opponent Points Rebounds Assists Steals Blocks Overtime Reference
Thurmond, NateNate Thurmond 01974-10-18 October 18, 1974 Chicago Bulls Atlanta Hawks 22 14 13 12 Yes (OT) [48]
Robertson, AlvinAlvin Robertson 01986-02-18 February 18, 1986 San Antonio Spurs Phoenix Suns 20 11 10 10 No [49]
Olajuwon, HakeemHakeem Olajuwon 01990-03-29 March 29, 1990 Houston Rockets Milwaukee Bucks 18 16 10 11 No [50]
Robinson, DavidDavid Robinson 01994-02-17 February 17, 1994 San Antonio Spurs Detroit Pistons 34 10 10 10 No [51]

Several others missed that mark by finishing with triple-doubles and a total of 9 in a fourth statistical category (statistical categories in which they fell short are in bold): (accurate as of February 2010)

Name Date Team Opponent Points Rebounds Assists Steals Blocks Overtime Reference
Barry, RickRick Barry 01974-10-29 October 29, 1974 Golden State Warriors Buffalo Braves 30 10 11 9 No [52][53]
Steele, LarryLarry Steele 01974-11-16 November 16, 1974 Portland Trail Blazers Los Angeles Lakers 12 11 9 10 No [54]
Moore, JohnnyJohnny Moore 01985-01-08 January 8, 1985 San Antonio Spurs Golden State Warriors 26 11 13 9 No [55]
Bird, LarryLarry Bird[a] 01985-02-18 February 18, 1985 Boston Celtics Utah Jazz 30 12 10 9 No [56][57]
Richardson, Micheal RayMicheal Ray Richardson 01985-10-30 October 30, 1985 New Jersey Nets Indiana Pacers 38 11 11 9 Yes [58]
Drexler, ClydeClyde Drexler 01986-01-10 January 10, 1986 Portland Trail Blazers Milwaukee Bucks 26 9 11 10 No [54]
Olajuwon, HakeemHakeem Olajuwon 01990-03-03 March 3, 1990 Houston Rockets Golden State Warriors 29 18 10 (9)[b] 11 No [47][59]
Drexler, ClydeClyde Drexler 01996-11-01 November 1, 1996 Houston Rockets Sacramento Kings 25 10 9 10 No [60]
Notes
  • a Bird sat out the fourth quarter of the game.[61]
  • b Olajuwon was originally credited a quadruple-double as shown by the box score; however, the NBA stripped Olajuwon of one assist after reviewing the game tape.[47] Although the NBA does not recognize this as a quadruple-double, Olajuwon is still credited with 10 assists in his career statistics.[62]

Other men's basketball

  • Accurate as of February 2010
League Name Date Team Opponent Points Rebounds Assists Steals Blocks Overtime Reference
French National League Lewis, DerrickDerrick Lewis[a] 01990-02-24 February 24, 1990 Reims Lorient 20 11 12 10 No [63]
Chinese Basketball Association Hu Xuefeng 02004-12-08 December 8, 2004 Jiangsu Dragons Yunnan Bulls 16 10 12 10 No [64]
American Basketball Association (2000–) Staten, JamelJamel Staten 02007-02-02 February 2, 2007 Minnesota Ripknees St. Louis Stunners 29 13 10 10 No [65]
NCAA Division I men Hudson, LesterLester Hudson[b] 02007-11-13 November 13, 2007 Tennessee-Martin Central Baptist 25 12 10 10 No [43][66]
Continental Basketball Association Blackburn, JermaineJermaine Blackburn 02008-12-20 December 20, 2008 East Kentucky Miners West Virginia Wild 22 10 14 10 No [67]
Chinese Basketball Association Williams, ChrisChris Williams 02009-12-25 December 25, 2009 Qingdao Doublestar Dongguan Leopards 15 11 11 11 No [68]
Notes
  • a This is the only quadruple-double in French National League history.[63]
  • b This is the only quadruple-double in NCAA Division I men's basketball history.[43]

Women' basketball

  • Accurate as of February 2010
League Name Date Team Opponent Points Rebounds Assists Steals Blocks Reference
American Basketball League Black, DebbieDebbie Black 01996-12-08 December 8, 1996 Colorado Xplosion Atlanta Glory 10 14 12 10 [69][70]
Israeli Basketball Super League Brown, EdwinaEdwina Brown 02008-12-01December 2008 Ramat Hen Hapoel Holon 22 10 10 10 [71]
AIAW Division I women Meyers, AnnAnn Meyers 01978-02-18 February 18, 1978 UCLA Stephen F. Austin 20 14 10 10 [42]
NCAA Division III women Esteves, EvitaEvita Esteves 02004-02-05 February 5, 2004 Emmanuel College Johnson & Wales 10 10 11 13 [72][73]
NCAA Division III women Purnell, DannaDanna Purnell 02007-02-10 February 10, 2007 SUNY-Old Westbury New Rochelle 14 10 11 13 [72][74]
NCAA Division III women Williams, LatiquaLatiqua Williams 02008-11-16 November 16, 2008 Bard College New Rochelle 21 13 10 11 [75]

Other known quadruple-doubles

  • Accurate as of February 2010
League Name Date Team Reference
NCAA Division I women Tate, SonjaSonja Tate 01993-01-27 January 27, 1993 Arkansas State [72][76]
NCAA Division III women Venet, SuzySuzy Venet 01997 1997 Mount Union [72]
NCAA Division III women Santiago, KatherineKatherine Santiago 01999 1999 Lehman [72]
NCAA Division III women Poppleton, AmandaAmanda Poppleton 02003 2003 Notre Dame (Md.) [72]

Quintuple-double

A quintuple-double is defined as a performance in which a player accumulates a double-digit number total in all five statistical categories—points, rebounds, assists, steals, and blocked shots—in a single game.[77] The only known quintuple-double has occurred at the girls' high school level when Tamika Catchings of Duncanville High School (Duncanville, Texas) recorded 25 points, 18 rebounds, 11 assists, 10 steals and 10 blocks in 1997.[78]

Five-by-five

A five-by-five is defined as a performance in which a player accumulates a total of five in five statistical categories—points, rebounds, assists, steals, and blocks—in a single game.[79] Statistics for steals and blocks were not kept in the NBA until the 1973–74 season, so NBA five-by-fives were only possible from that season onward. Hakeem Olajuwon (six times) and Andrei Kirilenko (three times) are the only players to have recorded multiple five-by-fives (based on records since the 1986–87 season).[79] Both are also the only players to record five-by-sixes (at least six in all five statistical categories).[79]

NBA

The following listed players have recorded a five-by-five since the 1986–87 season:[80] (accurate as of November 2009)

Name Date Age Team Opponent Score Points Rebounds Assists Steals Blocks Overtime Reference
Olajuwon, HakeemHakeem Olajuwon 01987-03-10 March 10, 1987 24 Houston Seattle 127–136 38 17 6 7 12 Yes (2OT) [81]
Olajuwon, HakeemHakeem Olajuwon 01990-03-03 March 3, 1990 27 Houston Golden State 129–109 29 18 10 5 11 No [59]
Olajuwon, HakeemHakeem Olajuwon 01992-04-11 April 11, 1992 29 Houston Dallas 92–99 19 13 6 5 5 No [82]
Robinson, DavidDavid Robinson 01992-11-10 November 10, 1992 27 San Antonio Milwaukee 104–98 29 9 5 5 10 No [83]
Coleman, DerrickDerrick Coleman 01993-01-15 January 15, 1993 25 New Jersey Philadelphia 110–105 21 10 7 5 5 Yes (OT) [84]
Olajuwon, HakeemHakeem Olajuwon 01993-04-22 April 22, 1993 30 Houston Minnesota 112–110 33 13 5 5 5 Yes (OT) [85]
Olajuwon, HakeemHakeem Olajuwon 01993-11-05 November 5, 1993 30 Houston New Jersey 110–88 24 19 6 5 5 No [86]
Olajuwon, HakeemHakeem Olajuwon 01993-12-30 December 30, 1993 30 Houston Minnesota 110–104 34 10 5 5 8 No [87]
Divac, VladeVlade Divac 01995-02-22 February 22, 1995 27 L. A. Lakers Philadelphia 112–100 19 12 8 5 5 No [88]
Tinsley, JamaalJamaal Tinsley 02001-11-16 November 16, 2001 23 Indiana Minnesota 113–120 12 9 15 6 5 Yes (2OT) [89]
Kirilenko, AndreiAndrei Kirilenko 02003-12-03 December 3, 2003 22 Utah Houston 101–107 19 5 7 8 5 Yes (OT) [90]
Kirilenko, AndreiAndrei Kirilenko 02003-12-10 December 10, 2003 22 Utah New York 95–73 10 12 6 6 5 No [91]
Camby, MarcusMarcus Camby 02004-01-09 January 9, 2004 29 Denver Utah 106–96 8 11 5 5 8 No [92]
Kirilenko, AndreiAndrei Kirilenko 02006-01-03 January 3, 2006 24 Utah L. A. Lakers 90–80 14 8 9 6 7 No [93]

Facts

All facts based on data since 1986:

  • Greatest five-by-fives (most of each stat): Hakeem Olajuwon, on March 10, 1987, became the first in NBA history to record a five-by-six (at least 6 each of all five statistics: points, rebounds, assists, blocks, steals).[94] It took nearly twenty years for the second official occurrence in NBA history. Andrei Kirilenko, on January 3, 2006, recorded a five-by-six against the Lakers. Though his numbers were not quite as impressive as Olajuwon's, Andrei Kirilenko performed the feat in regulation. No one in the NBA has ever recorded a five-by-seven or higher. But Olajuwon was just 1 assist away in the game just mentioned, whereas Andrei Kirilenko was only 1 steal shy in his five-by-six.
  • Most five-by-fives in a career: Hakeem Olajuwon leads all players with 6 career five-by-fives.[79] Andrei Kirilenko, with 3, is the only other player with more than one career five-by-five.
  • Most five-by-fives in the same season: The record for most five-by-fives in a season is 2. Olajuwon was the first to do this, in the 1993–94 season. Kirilenko was the second to do so in the 2003–04 season.
  • Most five-by-fives in the same year: Olajuwon recorded 3 five-by-fives in a one-year span. Beside the two from the 1993–94 season, he had another late in the 1992–93 season.
  • Quickest pair of five-by-fives: Kirilenko performed a five-by-five on December 3, 2003, and completed another just a week later, on December 10, 2003. The second quickest five-by-fives were completed by Olajuwon on November 5, 1993 and another, 55 days later, on December 30, 1993.
  • Youngest player: Kirilenko's first NBA five-by-five came on December 3, 2003, making him the youngest to record a five-by-five at age 22 years, 9 months, and 15 days old.
  • Oldest player: Olajuwon is the oldest player to record a five-by-five. His last career five-by-five came on December 30, 1993, at which time he was 30 years, 11 months, and 9 days old.

Players with at least 5 steals and 5 blocked shots in a game

This is a list of players since the 1986–87 NBA season who have posted totals of five or more in both steals and blocked shots, but did not record a five-by-five.[95][96] Only regular season games are taken into account.

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