Tripunithura: Wikis

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Thrippunithura
തൃപ്പൂണിത്തുറ
A view of Tripunithur during Onam
Thrippunithura
Location of Thrippunithura
in Kerala and India
Coordinates 9°57′10″N 76°20′19″E / 9.952767°N 76.338673°E / 9.952767; 76.338673
Country  India
State Kerala
District(s) Ernakulam
Population 59,881 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Thrippunithura or Tripunithura (Malayalam: തൃപ്പൂണിത്തുറ) is a part of Greater Cochin area [1]in the state of Kerala,India . It was the capital of erstwhile Kingdom of Cochin. The descendants of the Cochin royal family still live here. The Hill Palace situated near Thripunithura was the palace of Maharaja of Cochin ,the ruler of Kingdom of Cochin.

Contents

Etymology

There are many stories that describe the origin of the word Thripunithura. The name is widely believed to have originated from its supposedly earlier name "Poorna Veda Puri" - the town of Vedas in its entirety. Another possible origin to name comes from the meaning "the land on the shores of Poorna river".

There is a story of Arjuna - one of Pandavas - who once visited Lord Vishnu. The Lord gave him an idol and Arjuna carried it in his "pooni" (quiver). While searching for a place to install it, he met Lord Ganapati and sought help. Ganapati found this place and installed himself facing east. When Arjuna found this out, he kicked Ganapati and turned him towards south. Arjuna placed the idol facing east and worshipped there.

At the end of Dwaparayug the period of Lord Krishna , Lord himself an idol to Arjuna one of the pandavas and asked him to install it in a proper place. He kept the idol in a bag used to keep arrows and called "POONEERAM" in local language. When he reached the place he shouted "POONEERAM THURA" means open the bag in local language. Thus the name Poonithura has come. when the Kings of erstwhile cochin Dynasty made this place their capital, The area where the palaces and the fort are constructed came to known as "THIRU POONITHURA" as the word "THIRU" shows respect. In due course it became Tripunithura.

Townscape

  • Fort (Kottakagam)
  • North Fort Gate (Vadakkekotavathil)
  • East Fort Gate (Kizhakkekottavathil)
  • Thamaramkulangara
  • Nadama Thekkumbhagom
  • Chakkamkulangara
  • Kannamkulangara
  • Statue circle and main market
  • Eroor
  • Palliparambu Kavu
  • SN Junction
  • Maradu
  • Thiruvankulam
  • Hill Palace

Culture and Contemporary Life

The 'Raja nagari' or the royal city is one of the most prominent centers of traditional kerala cultural heritage. The erstwhile rulers of Kingdom of Cochin were great patrons of art. This made fine arts and architecture flourish under them in many ways. The town is also a prominent centre of learning for classical arts like Carnatic music, Kathakali and Mohiniyattam besides percussion instruments like mridangam, chenda and maddalam. Much of this is facilitated by the RLV College of Music and Institute of Fine Arts was established here in 1956.[2]. Another center of learning is Kalmandalam. Tripunithura also has many dedicated centers for stage performances and promotion of art.

The culture and surprisingly many aspects of the life of a typical person here is intrinsically bound to temples and surroundings. In the current 'modern' age fine arts and art forms are still promoted and sustained by temples in and around Tripunithura.

Tripunithura is the place where the legendary artiste couple of Kathakali maestro Kalamandalam Krishnan Nair and Mohiniyattam doyenne Kalamandalam Kalyanikutty Amma lived for long. KJ Yesudas is another famous artist who learned and grew intripunithura.

Tripunithura is also a prominent center of Ayurveda. One of the three Ayurveda colleges in Kerala is located in the town.It also has attached hospital to it.[3] One of the famous celebration "Atha Chamayam" takes place in this town during Onam festival.

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Places of Worship

Sree Poornathrayisa Temple

Thripunithura is also known as the Land of temples. The famous Sree Poornathrayesa temple is one of them.Sree Poornathrayeesa, the deity of Poornathrayeesa temple, is in the form of "Santhana Gopala Moorthy" as told in the Bhagavatha. It is believed those worship him truly, will be blessed with children.It is also believed that the temple Thantri's family, (belonging to puliyannoor mana) is the next generations of the Brahmana of the Santhana Gopalam story.

Thamaramkulangara Sree Dharma Sastha temple

Thamaramkulangara Sree Dharma Sastha temple is among the most prominent temples in Tripunihura. The deity is Lord Ayyapa in the form of Dharmasastha. According to anecdotes Lord Dharma Sastha of Chamravattom (in Malappuram District) followed one of his Priests from Morakkala Mana who had shifted to Tripunithura. Lord Sastha assumed the form of a lizard and came with the priest comfortably by sitting on his traditional umbrella made up of palm leaves.Though the temple is owned by Uranma Devaswom Board, almost all the affairs are managed by THAMARAMKULANGARA AYYAPPA SEVA SAMITHY (TASS), a voluntary organization led by local people. The main festival of the temple is 5 day 'Makaravilaku' festival culminating on Makar Sankranthi in Zodiac calendar(Falls around Jan 15th).

Ameda Temple (Nagarajav) , Puthiyakavu

Muthukulangara Sree Krishan Temple, Eroor

Legend behind the Muthukulangara Sree Krishan Temple

The story begins from a brahmin at puliyannur Illam in Thripunithura. Whenever his wife delivered, the child will die. Then he prayed to Arjuna the great warrior of 'panchpandavas' to save his 10th child. Arjuna promised him to save the child. Even in the presence of Arjuna, the child vanished after the birth. Arjuna tried to trace the way child vanished and they both, the brahmin and Arjunan went to Vaikundam the place of Maha Vishnu. There they saw bhagawan and Lakshmidevi was surrounded by the ten babies of the brahmin. Vishnu handed over an two idols and the babies to Arjuna. The place where they get down is known as Muthukulangara and arjuna placed one idol at the point they landed andlater that were realised as Muthululengara santhanagopla khsetram.

Marankulangara Sree Krishna Temple ,Eroor

Media

Sports

Thrippunithura Cricket Club

Restaurants and hotels

There are a few choices in the market area, but in general Tripunithura does not have too wide a selection of restaurants and hotels. The Bharath Cafe near the Sree Poornathrayesa temple offers excellent vegetarian choices, and is popular for its sweets. Expect basic service at all places.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census[4], Tripunithura had a population of 59,881. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Thrippunithura has an average literacy rate of 87%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 88%, and female literacy is 86%. In Tripunithura, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Government

Education

Transport

Royal Heritage

Misc Pictures

References

External links


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