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Triumph (TWN): Wikis


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Fate Taken over
Successor Adler
Founded 1896
Founder(s) Siegfried Bettmann
Defunct 1956
Headquarters Nuremberg, Germany
Products bicycles, motorcycles
Triumph Knirps moped
350cc Triumph Boss

In 1886, Siegfried Bettmann founded the Triumph bicycle factory in Coventry, England, and in 1896 he founded a second bicycle factory in his native Nuremberg, Germany, under the same Triumph name. Both factories branched out into making motorcycles: the Coventry factory in 1902 and the Nuremberg factory in 1903.[1]

In its early decades the Nuremberg factory produced models with the same 499 cc and 545 cc four-stroke engines as its sister plant in Coventry.

Confusion between motorcycles produced by the Coventry and Nuremberg Triumph companies led to the latter's products being renamed "Orial" for certain export markets. However in the 1920's there was already an Orial motorcycle maker in Lyons, France], so the Nuremberg motorcycles were renamed again as "TWN", standing for Triumph Werke Nürnberg.[2]

After 1929 the English and German factories diverged, with the Nuremberg works making motorcycles with 248 cc and 269 cc two-stroke engines. After the Second World War Triumph made successful models including the 200 cc Cornet split single two-stroke and the twin cylinder 350 cc Boss. A split single has two cylinders but only one combustion chamber and spark plug. Triumph/TWN's production of split singles began with the BD250 in 1939 designed by Otto Rieze.

In 1956 Max Grundig took over the Nuremberg company, merged it with his Adler motorcycle and typewriter business and terminated motorcycle production under the Triumph and TWN names.


  1. ^ TWN history Motorcycle Classics, July/Aug 2008
  2. ^ Online Classic Motorcycle Museum TWN article

External links



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