Trogir: Wikis

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Trogir
—  Town  —
The town of Trogir
Trogir is located in Croatia
Trogir
Location of Trogir within Croatia
Coordinates: 43°31′0.85″N 16°15′4.91″E / 43.5169028°N 16.2513639°E / 43.5169028; 16.2513639
Country Croatia
County Split-Dalmatia County
Government
 - Mayor Damir Rilje
Population (2001)
 - Total 13,322
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 21220
Area code(s) 021
Website trogir.hr

Trogir (Italian & Dalmatian: Traù, Latin: Tragurium, Greek Tragurion, Hungarian: Trau) is a historic town and harbour on the Adriatic coast in Split-Dalmatia County, Croatia, with a population of 12,995 (2001)[1] and a total municipality population of 13,322 (2001). The historic city of Trogir is situated on a small island between the Croatian mainland and the island of Čiovo.[2] It lies 27 kilometres west of the city of Split.

Since 1997, the historic centre of Trogir has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.[3]

Contents

History

In the 3rd century BC, Tragurion was founded by Greek colonists[4] from the island of Vis, and it developed into a major port until the Roman period. The sudden prosperity of Salona deprived Trogir of its importance. During the migration of Slavs the citizens of the destroyed Salona escaped to Trogir. From the 9th century on, Trogir paid tribute to Croatian rulers. The diocese of Trogir was established in the 11th century (abolished in 1828) and in 1107 it was chartered by the Hungarian-Croatian king Coloman, gaining thus its autonomy as a town.

In 1123 Trogir was conquered and almost completely demolished by the Saracens. However, Trogir recovered in a short period to experience powerful economic prosperity in the 12th and the 13th centuries. In 1242 King Béla IV found refuge there as he fled the Tatars. In the 13th and the 14th centuries, members of the Šubić family were most frequently elected dukes by the citizens of Trogir; Mladen III (1348), according to the inscription on the sepulchral slab in the Cathedral of Trogir called "the shield of the Croats", was one of the most prominent Šubićs.

In 1420 the period of a long-term Venetian rule began.

On the fall of Venice in 1797, Trogir became a part of the Habsburg Empire which ruled over the city until 1918, with the exception of French occupation from 1806 to 1814. After World War I, Trogir, together with Croatia, became a part of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs and subsequently the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. During this period Italian citizens, until 1918 the ruling class and almost half part of the population, were forced to leave for Italy. During World War II, Trogir was occupied by Italy and subsequently liberated in 1944. Since then it belonged to the second Yugoslavia, and from 1991 to Croatia.

Cultural heritage

Historic City of Trogir*
UNESCO World Heritage Site

A view of Trogir
State Party  Croatia
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iv
Reference 810
Region** Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 1997  (21st Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
** Region as classified by UNESCO.

Trogir has a fascinating 2300 years of continuous urban tradition. Its rich culture was created under the influence of old Greeks, Romans, and Venetians. Trogir has a high concentration of palaces, churches, and towers, as well as a fortress on a small island, and in 1997 was inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List. "The orthogonal street plan of this island settlement dates back to the Hellenistic period and it was embellished by successive rulers with many fine public and domestic buildings and fortifications. Its beautiful Romanesque churches are complemented by the outstanding Renaissance and Baroque buildings from the Venetian period", says UNESCO report.

Trogir is the best-preserved Romanesque-Gothic complex not only in the Adriatic, but in all of Central Europe. Trogir's medieval core, surrounded by walls, comprises a preserved castle and tower and a series of dwellings and palaces from the Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque periods. Trogir's grandest building is the church of St. Lawrence, whose main west portal is a masterpiece by Radovan, and the most significant work of the Romanesque-Gothic style in Croatia.

The most important sites:

  • Historical city core, with about 10 churches and numerous buildings from 13th century
  • The city gate (17th cent.) and city walls (15th cent.)
  • The Fortress Kamerlengo (15th century)
  • The Duke's Palace (13th century)
  • Cathedral of St. Lawrence, Trogir from the 13th century with the Portal of Master Radovan, the unique work of this great Croatian artist
  • The big and small palaces Cipiko from the 15th century
  • The city loggia from 15th century

Economy

Tourism is the most important economic factor in the Trogir region, covering 50% of the municipal budget with more than 20,000 beds in hotels and private apartments. There is also a strong fishing and agriculture tradition among the population in surrounding areas.

The most important industry is shipbuilding, with shipyard "Trogir" established at the beginning of the 20th century. The shipyard has a capacity of two ships of 55,000 tons. Between 1990 and 2004, 93 ships were built in the shipyard.

Infrastructure

Trogir lies six kilometers from Split Airport, and a regular bus connects Trogir with the airport and Split. In the future, the Split Suburban Railway will be lengthened towards the airport and Trogir.

Water supply to Trogir is from the Jadro River; moreover, the Jadro River is the same source that supplied the ancient Diocletian's Palace.[5]

Notable people from Trogir

References

See also

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents
church tower in the middle
church tower in the middle

Trogir [1] is a city in Croatia, close to Split and very close to Split airport. It is on the UNESCO World Heritage List as it is one of the best preserved medieval towns in Europe. It is a fascinating place to just wander and also contains a range of accommodation. At present the town is undergoing considerably redevelopment, but it far from fully developed and you will still find run down or even abandoned houses. It is definitely worth the day trip from Split

View from tower
View from tower

Get in

Trogir is 10 minutes from the Split airport and about 30 minutes from down town Split. From the airport take the regular 37 bus (runs every 20 minutes during the day and every 30 minutes in the evening and on Sundays, cost 20 Kuna). The 37 bus is the regular Split -Trogir service and you can use this bus to get to Trogir from Split (or vice versa). It is also relatively cheap to catch a taxi from the airport to Trogir.

harbour front
harbour front

The old part of Trogir occupies an island which you can walk around in about 20 minutes.

See

Stunning beaches, spectacular islands with lavender-covered hills, small medieval and renaissance towns and Roman ruins characterize the intriguing strip of land that comprises Central Dalmatia. Warm Dalmatian hospitality and cheer is sure to capture your soul as you explore the quaint towns and old fishing ports.

Trogir is a jewel of a town encased in 15th-century walls. Tiny medieval streets wind through the enchanting town revealing hidden restaurants and eye-catching galleries. A wide seaside promenade snakes around the town, culminating in a charming port full of sailboats waiting to take you to the islands of Drvenik Mali and Drvenik Veli with their pristine sand beaches and secluded coves. Stretching out from the main land of Trogir to either side is an infinite number of beautiful beaches as well. A pleasing blend of Romanesque and Renaissance architecture, Trogir boasts a spectacular Venetian Cathedral of St. Lovro, a 15th-century town hall, the Church of St. John the Baptist with its gorgeous carved portal. Trogir is a delightful little town that is conveniently located to explore Central Dalmatia.

Just a short drive away, visitors may explore the intriguing city of Split with its busy commercial port, residential houses, shops and restaurants all rising from the incredible ruins of Diocletian’s Palace. The ancient ruins of the Roman city of Solin are also just a short drive away from Trogir and make an extraordinary day trip.

  • Kamerlengo Fortress, (at the waterfront). Old fortress. You walk on top of the walls and go to the top of the big tower and enjoy the view over the town 15 Kn.  edit

Do

In Poljica you can take peaceful evening walks free of modern day noise. In the village you can find a restaurant, shop and cafe bar. Peaceful place for leisure time on the reach of attractive destinations (Trogir, Split, Šibenik, etc.).

  • Mirkec Pizzaria, Budislaviceva 15 (At the harbour). Good food at reasonable prices 60 kuna.  edit
  • The End, Matije Gupca 10 (in the middle of the old part), +385(0)21 88 42 84. Charming restaurant occupying the end of a very narrow street in the old part. Croation/Italian food, mostly seafood HRK 80.  edit
  • Palace Derossi, Hrvatskih Mučenika 1 (old part, towards bus station), +385(0)21881-241, [2]. from HRK 600.  edit
  • Roso, Ribarska 21 (old town, close to the waterfront), +385 (0) 91 7243148 (). Nice and clean in good location. Ensuite bathrooms and air condition HRK 250.  edit
  • Apartmani Sirovic, Put Tunjare 58, Marina (beautiful location in the picturesque village of Marina, 12km west of Trogir), [3].  edit
  • www.apartments-croatia-alebic.hr (House on the beach), Poljica, Marina - Trogir, [4]. checkin: 13:00; checkout: 10:00. Apartments are in the middle of Marina bay, at the seaside just few steps from the beach! Four apartments (A2+2 and Studio) with the commodities of modern living, these are: air condition, SAT-TV, radio, kitchen and a bathroom with shower. Big shady balconies with tables and benches with a grill place. 45-65Eur/Day. (43.518851,16.134496) edit
  • www.villa-carmen-apartments.com, Vinisce Trogir, [5]. checkin: 12:00; checkout: 10:00. Villa Carmen is close to Trogir with six apartments which are 5 meters from crystal sea, fantastic panoramic sea view at islands, natural beaches Villa Carmen is 25 km from Trogir and 30 from Split airport. Kayak. motorboat and yacht charter. 45-65Eur/Day.  edit
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