Trois-Rivières: Wikis

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Coordinates: 46°21′N 72°33′W / 46.35°N 72.55°W / 46.35; -72.55

Trois-Rivieres
—  City  —
Ville de Trois-Rivières
The skyline of Trois-Rivières.

Coat of arms
Trois-Rivieres is located in Quebec
Trois-Rivieres
Location in Quebec, Canada
Coordinates: 46°21′N 72°33′W / 46.35°N 72.55°W / 46.35; -72.55
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Mauricie
Founded 1634
Amalgamated January 1, 2002
Government
 - Mayor Yves Lévesque
(2001–2010)
 - Governing Body Trois-Rivières City Council
 - MPs Paule Brunelle
 - MNAs Danielle St-Amand
Area
 - City 288.92 km2 (111.6 sq mi)
 - Urban 176.92 km2 (68.3 sq mi)
 - Metro 880.36 km2 (339.9 sq mi)
Elevation 61 m (200 ft)
Population (2006)[1]
 - City 129,100
 Density 437.2/km2 (1,132.3/sq mi)
 Urban 121,666
 - Urban Density 684.8/km2 (1,773.6/sq mi)
 Metro 141,529
 - Metro Density 160.8/km2 (416.5/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal code span G8(T,V-W,Y-Z), G9(A-C)
Area code(s) 819
Access Routes[2]
A-40
A-755 ( A-40 )
A-55

Route 138
Route 153
Route 155
Route 157
Route 352
Route 359
Website www.v3r.net

Trois-Rivières is a city in the Mauricie region of Quebec, Canada, located at the confluence of the Saint-Maurice and Saint Lawrence Rivers. It is situated in the Mauricie administrative region, on the north shore of the Saint Lawrence River across from the city of Bécancour. It is part of the densely populated Quebec City – Windsor Corridor and is approximately halfway between Montreal and Québec City. Trois-Rivières is the economic and cultural hub of the Mauricie region. It was founded on July 4, 1634, the second permanent settlement in New France,[3] after Quebec City in 1608.

The city's name, which is French for three rivers, is named for the fact that the Saint-Maurice River, which is divided by two small islands at the river's opening, has three mouths at the Saint Lawrence River. Traditionally, Trois-Rivières was referred to in English as Three Rivers, although in more recent decades it has been referred to as Trois-Rivières in both English and French. The anglicized name still appears in many areas of the town (e.g., the city's Three Rivers Academy), bearing witness to the influence of English settlers in the town. The city's inhabitants are known as "Trifluviens" (Trifluvians).

Trois-Rivières is also the name of a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality (TE) of Quebec, coextensive with the city of Trois-Rivières. Its geographical code is 371. Together with the regional county municipality of Les Chenaux, it forms the census division (CD) of Francheville (37). The municipalities within Les Chenaux and the former municipalities that were amalgamated into Trois-Rivières formerly constituted the regional county municipality of Francheville. The Trois-Rivières metropolitan area also includes the city of Bécancour which is situated on the south shore of the St. Lawrence River across the Laviolette Bridge.

Contents

History

The Sieur of Laviolette, founder of Trois-Rivières. The Laviolette Bridge is his namesake.

For a long time, the area that would later become known as Trois-Rivières was frequented by Algonquins who used it as a summer stopping place. The French explorer Jacques Cartier described the site while on his second journey to the New World in 1535. The name "Trois-Rivières", however, was only given in 1599, by Captain Dupont-Gravé, and first appeared on maps of the area in 1601[4].

In 1603, while surveying the Saint-Lawrence River, Samuel de Champlain recommended establishing a permanent settlement in the area, which was finally done on July 4, 1634 by the Sieur of Laviolette. Additional of the original city of Trois-Rivières include: Pierre Boucher, Jacques Le Neuf, Jean Godefroy de Lintot, Michel Le Neuf du Hérisson, François Hertel, Quentin Moral, Sieur de St. Quentin, François, Marguerie, René Robineau, and Jean Sauvaget.[5] The city was second to be founded in New France (after Quebec City, before Montreal) and played an important role in the colony and in the fur trade, thanks to its strategic location. The settlement became the seat of a regional government in 1665. Ursuline nuns first arrived at the settlement in 1697, establishing the first school and helping local missionnaries to Christianize the local Aboriginals and Métis.

French sovereignty in Trois-Rivières continued until 1760, when the city was captured as part of the British conquest of Québec. Sixteen years later, on June 8, 1776, it was the theatre of the Battle of Trois-Rivières (part of the ill-fated Invasion of the province of Québec by Americans from the Boston area—les Bostonnais) during the American Revolutionary War.

The front of the Ursulines Monastery, on rue des Ursulines.

Trois-Rivières continued to grow in stature throughout the period and beyond; in 1792 it became the seat of a judicial district, and that of a Roman Catholic diocese in 1852.

The greater part of the city of Trois-Rivières was destroyed by a fire in 1908. The majority of the city's original buildings, many of which dated back to French colonial years, were destroyed. Only a few were spared, including the Ursuline Monastery and the De Tonnancour Manor. As a result of the destruction, a major redesign and renovation of the city was undertaken, including the widening and renewal of many of the city's roads. As well, many new businesses and industries became established in the town, which attracted many new residents.

In the 1960s, Trois-Rivières undertook a large-scale project of economic diversification, including the establishment of several cultural institutions and attractions. The Old City of Trois-Rivières was declared an "historic sector" in 1964. The Laviolette Bridge, linking Trois-Rivières to Bécancour and the south shore of the Saint-Lawrence River, was inaugurated on December 20, 1967. Finally, in 1969, the city appeared on Canada's academic map with the inception of the Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, known for its chiropractic school, its podiatric medical education and its excellent programs for primary and secondary school education.

Although historically an important center of commerce, trade and population, Trois-Rivières has relinquished much of its earlier importance to the two major cities of Quebec, the metropolis of Montreal and capital of Quebec City. It does, however, remain one of the principal medium-sized cities of Quebec, along with Saguenay, Sherbrooke and Gatineau.

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Municipal reorganization

On January 1, 2002, the former city of Trois-Rivières along with the neighbouring towns of Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Sainte-Marthe-du-Cap, Saint-Louis-de-France, Trois-Rivières-Ouest, and the municipality of Pointe-du-Lac, were amalgamated to form the new city of Trois-Rivières.

Cityscape

The city's main street is Boulevard des Forges, an area several blocks long in the heart of the Old City composed of century-old buildings housing a great variety of cafés, restaurants, clubs, bars, and shops. In the warmer months, the area is regularly closed to vehicular traffic to accommodate various festivals and events, turning the downtown core into a pedestrian mall.

Notable landmarks include the Forges du Saint-Maurice, a foundry dating back to the 1730s, the Ursulines Monastery, and Notre-Dame-du-Cap Basilica.

Economy

Downtown Trois-Rivières.

Trois-Rivières is Canada's oldest industrial city, with its first foundry established in 1738.[6] The forge produced iron and cast for 150 years, much of it being shipped to France to be used in Royal Navy ships.[7] The first port facility was built in 1818 near rue Saint-Antoine, and today handles 2.5 million tonnes of cargo annually.[8] The first railway was built in 1879 to support the growing lumber industry.[9]

The city was known as the pulp and paper industry capital of the world from the late 1920s until the early 1960s.[10] The city once had four mills in operation. Today, there are two mills left operating (Kruger Trois-Rivières and Kruger Wayagamack), the closures largely due to decline in newsprint demand and globalization. The closures were not just limited to the pulp and paper industry; Trois-Rivières experienced an industrial decline in the 1980s and 1990s, with unemployment rising to 14 percent in the 1990s.[11]

Trois-Rivières is attempting an industrial revitalization by establishing technology parks and taking advantage of its central location to both Montréal and Québec City, its university and port. An example of the new economy is Marmen Incorporated, which manufactures wind turbine towers and employs 1,000 people between its operations in Trois-Rivières and Matane.

The city's other prominent industries include metal transformation, electronics, thermoplastics, as well as the production of food crops and cabinet making. An industrial park adjoining Trois-Rivières Airport also serves as a major centre for the aeronautical industry.

Climate

Climate data for Trois-Rivières
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13
(55)
10
(50)
17
(63)
31.5
(89)
32.2
(90)
34.5
(94)
34
(93)
36.1
(97)
30.5
(87)
27.2
(81)
20
(68)
12.5
(55)
Average high °C (°F) -7.3
(19)
-4.6
(24)
1.4
(35)
9.9
(50)
18.6
(65)
23.2
(74)
25.5
(78)
24.1
(75)
18.3
(65)
11.5
(53)
3.8
(39)
-3.8
(25)
10.1
(50)
Average low °C (°F) -17.6
(0)
-15.4
(4)
-8.8
(16)
-0.5
(31)
6.2
(43)
11.5
(53)
14.1
(57)
13
(55)
7.9
(46)
2.2
(36)
-3.8
(25)
-12.8
(9)
-0.3
(31)
Record low °C (°F) -41.1
(-42)
-35.6
(-32)
-35
(-31)
-17.2
(1)
-6.1
(21)
-1.5
(29)
3.5
(38)
1.1
(34)
-7.2
(19)
-10.6
(13)
-25.6
(-14)
-35.5
(-32)
Precipitation mm (inches) 85.6
(3.37)
59.8
(2.35)
74.9
(2.95)
80.2
(3.16)
92.3
(3.63)
101.3
(3.99)
108.6
(4.28)
107.7
(4.24)
104.7
(4.12)
94
(3.7)
101.6
(4)
89.1
(3.51)
1,099.8
(43.3)
Source: Environment Canada[12] 2009-07-24

Culture

Trois-Rivières hosts the FestiVoix de Trois-Rivières, a 10-day summer music festival which attracts in excess of 300,000 visitors annually.[13] The city also hosts the Festival International de la Poésie, an international poetry festival as well as the Festival International Danse Encore[14], and the MetalFest de Trois-Rivieres every november. In 2009, Trois-Rivières was designated as the 2009 Cultural Capital of Canada for cities with a population of 125,000 or more.[15]

Trois-Rivières is officially the "National Poetry Capital of Quebec"; numerous plaques displaying poetic verses are installed across the centre of the city, and its International Festival of Poetry (held each year in the first week of October) honours this title.

Demographics

Prior to amalgamation in 2001, the new city of Trois-Rivières was divided among six municipalities.

Municipal population, pre-amalgamation (December 14, 2000)[16]

Municipality Population
Trois-Rivières 48 285
Cap-de-la-Madeleine 32 927
Trois-Rivières-Ouest 24 170
Saint-Louis-de-France 7 798
Pointe-du-Lac 6 846
Sainte-Marthe-du-Cap 6 428
Total 126 454


Age Structure

  • 0–14 years: 16.1%
  • 15–64 years: 68.6%
  • 65 years and over: 15.3%

Religious Groups

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Sport

Trois-Rivières has an internationally known racetrack named Circuit Trois-Rivières. The track hosts American Le Mans Series, NASCAR Canadian Tire Series, and the Formula Atlantic events.[17]

Media

Notables

Sister city

See also

References

  1. ^ Statistics Canada (January 12, 2008). "Trois-Rivières- 2006 Community Profiles". http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/profiles/community/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=2437067&Geo2=PR&Code2=24&Data=Count&SearchText=Trois-Rivi%E8res&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=. Retrieved 2008-01-13. 
  2. ^ Official Transport Quebec Road Map
  3. ^ Roy-Sole, Monique. "A Tale of Tenacity", Canadian Geographic Magazine, April 2009, Vol. 129, No. 2, p. 31
  4. ^ untitled
  5. ^ Report Concerning the Archives of Canada for the year 1905. Vol I. of III., p. li.
  6. ^ "Forges du Saint-Maurice National Historic Site of Canada". Parks Canada. http://www.pc.gc.ca/lhn-nhs/qc/saintmaurice/index_e.asp. Retrieved 2009-03-27. 
  7. ^ Roy-Sole, Monique. "A Tale of Tenacity", Canadian Geographic Magazine, April 2009, Vol. 129, No. 2, p. 32
  8. ^ "Le Port de Trois-Rivières". http://www.porttr.com/en/?faq.html#6. Retrieved 2009-03-27. 
  9. ^ Roy-Sole, Monique. "A Tale of Tenacity", Canadian Geographic Magazine, April 2009, Vol. 129, No. 2, p. 35
  10. ^ Roy-Sole, Monique. "A Tale of Tenacity", Canadian Geographic Magazine, April 2009, Vol. 129, No. 2, p. 36
  11. ^ Roy-Sole, Monique. "A Tale of Tenacity", Canadian Geographic Magazine, April 2009, Vol. 129, No. 2, p. 37
  12. ^ Environment Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed 24 July 2009
  13. ^ "Le FestiVoix de Trois-Rivières". http://www.festivoix.com. Retrieved 2009-04-03. 
  14. ^ http://www.festival-encore.com
  15. ^ Roy-Sole, Monique. "A Tale of Tenacity", Canadian Geographic Magazine, April 2009, Vol. 129, No. 2, p. 38
  16. ^ Ville de Trois-Rivières
  17. ^ Grand Prix de Trois-Rivières

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

North America : Canada : Quebec : Mauricie : Trois-Rivières
Contents

Trois-Rivières (historically and rarely Three Rivers, [1]) is the second-oldest city in Quebec, founded in 1634. It lies almost half-way between Montreal and Quebec City and can make a nice stopover on travel between those two cities.

Rue des Ursulines
Rue des Ursulines

Get in

Route 40 between Quebec and Montreal passes straight through Trois-Rivières.

An Orléans Express [2] bus travels to Trois-Rivières about every two hours from the central bus stations in Montreal and Quebec. Cost for students is $56 for a round trip.

See

The main (arguably only) sight in Trois-Rivières is the old city (vieille-ville), concentrated by the river along rue des Ursulines. It's far smaller than those of Montreal or Quebec, but picturesque in a low-key way and worth a stroll.

Do

Québec Museum of Folk Culture - Musée québécois de culture populaire The Museum presents six bold and unusual exhibitions, with something to please everyone... all in a distinctly Québécois style. Visitors can also look behind the scenes as the Museum opens up its storage area to reveal part of its rich ethnological collection - an innovation in Québec!

Old prison of Trois-Rivières - Vieille prison de Trois-Rivières The Old Prison of Trois-Rivières, classified as an historical monument, offer the visit-experience Go to Jail!, where ex-inmates lead visitors on a tour that provides a real glimpse into prison life. This prison was in operation from 1822 to 1986, and closed its doors due to the unhealthy conditions. The tour of cells and places of solitary confinement is a true eye-opener! You can start the tour with a prison card that includes your photograph and fingerprints. Groups can serve a one-night sentence, upon reservation.

Grand Prix de Trois-Rivières - [3] Each August, the city puts on a weekend of auto races. The Grand-Am KONI Challenge Series headlines the 2008 edition of the race, which takes place in the streets just north of downtown.

Bistro L'Ancêtre
Bistro L'Ancêtre
  • Bistro L'Ancêtre, 603 rue des Ursulines. Oddly enough, this is the only restaurant on Ursulines, tucked away in a suitably old building at the far (east) end, but it draws a local crowd in addition to tourists. The food is more Italian than French, with pizzas and pastas making up most of the menu, but all mains include soup, dessert and coffee and cost only $7-12.  edit

Drink

The main drinking strip is located on boulevard Des Forges, starting at the Saint-Lawrence river until rue Royale.

Orange Kaki Bistro Bar Nord-Ouest Café 1441 Notre-Dame St., Trois-Rivières, 819-693-1151 Monkey Night Club 1392 Rue Hart, Trois-Rivières, 819-375-8333 D'artagnan's

  • Auberge Godefroy hotel-spa-golf. Becancour, Becancour, Quebec, Canada, G9H 1A5. Four star deluxe hotel. Only 10 minutes from down town Trois-Rivieres. Renowned for is art of hospitality, comfort, fine cuisine, Health center and much more. 17 575 boul. 1-800-361-1620 www.aubergegodefroy.com
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