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Trollhättan
The Göta älv river and Trollhättan Water Tower in central Trollhättan
Trollhättan is located in Sweden
Trollhättan
Coordinates: 58°17′N 12°17′E / 58.283°N 12.283°E / 58.283; 12.283Coordinates: 58°17′N 12°17′E / 58.283°N 12.283°E / 58.283; 12.283
Country Sweden
Province Västergötland
County Västra Götaland County
Municipality Trollhättan Municipality
Area [1]
 - Total 23.80 km2 (9.2 sq mi)
Population (2005-12-31)[1]
 - Total 44,498
 - Density 1,869/km2 (4,840.7/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Trollhättan (Swedish pronunciation: [trɔlhɛtan]) is a city and the seat of Trollhättan Municipality, Västra Götaland County, Sweden with 44,498 inhabitants in 2005.[1] It is located 75 km north of Sweden's second-largest city, Gothenburg.

Contents

History

Trollhättan was founded by the river Göta älv, at the location of Trollhättan Falls. The site was first mentioned in literature from 1413. For centuries, Trollhättan was an obstacle for the boats travelling the river, up until a lock system was completed in the nineteenth century. It has since been updated several times and the present locks were finished in 1916.

In the late nineteenth century, hydropower was developed in Trollhättan. The Swedish energy corporation Vattenfall ("waterfall") took its name from the falls in Trollhättan. Today the city has two operational hydropower stations, Olidan and Håjum. The hydropower has helped the city in its industrial revolution.

Trollhättan was granted city rights (which today have no legal effect, but is purely historical) in 1916 at which time it had about 15,000 inhabitants, now grown to 54,000.

Name

The name "Trollhättan" comes from folkloristic tales. People believed that large trolls lived in the river Göta älv and that the islands in the river were the Trolls' hoods ("hättor"). Other former names of the site is Eiðar and Stora Edet; the latter lives on in the name of the south-bordering municipality of Lilla Edet. The Trollhättan Falls of Trollhättan has been theorized to be the Mímir's Well from the Norse mythology.

Industries

Trollhättan houses a number of industries, foremost the main production sites for Saab Automobile and Volvo Aero. In the area, there is also a large number of suppliers to these two facilities. Historically Trollhättan housed the NOHAB industries that produced locomotives, and Stridsberg & Biörk who had specialized in saws for sawmills.

There is also a film production facility, known as Trollywood; movies shot there include Show Me Love (Fucking Åmål), Dancer in the Dark and Dogville. The movie studio Film i Väst centered here produces about half of the Swedish feature-length films.

References

External links

Murkrona.svg Trollhättan is one of 133 places with the historical city status in Sweden.

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Trollhättan [1] is an industrial city in Sweden, and home of the Saab automobile company. It lies in Västergötland province in the modern (larger) Götaland region, and has 53,000 inhabitants.

Get in

By plane

Fyrstads Flygplats doesn't connect to many places other than Stockholm, however a connection to Frankfurt has been opened to serve mainly the Saab clientele. Sources say that this connection will soon be open to the public.

By train

The train station (Resecentrum) lies just ten minutes walk from the center of the town. You can choose either to go north - Oslo or Karlstad or south towards Gothenburg or Copenhagen.

By car

80 km 1h north of Gothenburg via the road RV45.

Get around

Bus

Bus connection is very good within the city, and also covers most of the countryside and almost all surrounding cities as well as major distant cities. The standard fare is 20 kr which is valid within Zone 1 which covers the city, neighbouring cities and the countryside.

Taxi

Taxis are on the expensive side. Taximeter is virtually always used but make sure that the driver really does turn it on unless a price has been negotiated in advance. Often the price can be better this way.

  • The locks, the Göta Älv river, and the surrounding nature.
  • Innovatum [2], Åkerssjövägen 10. A hands-on science and industry museum.
  • The Saab Museum (Saab bilmuseum) [3], Åkerssjövägen 10. Museum with many historic cars on display.
  • A common tourist attraction is the falls and the locks. Both attracts thousands of tourists every year. On the third Friday of July, the falls are opened and the city turns into a festival area.
  • Also popular is a walk along the 'Göta Älv' River in the western part of the city, near the locks.

Buy

A Saab?

  • Trollhättan has many restaurants with many different categories of food. From Japanese, Thai and Chinese to English food and basic Swedish food. During lunchtime prices are very reasonable but tend to rise during the evening. Some of the restaurants converts into bars in the late evening.

Trollhättan is also famous for its many pizzerias which have Sweden's best (?) kebab-pizza. What makes the pizza special is the sauce which is different from kebab sauce in other parts of Sweden.

Drink

Coffee

There are a lot of cafés in Trollhättan. A few of them are:

  • Café Smulan is a nice café.
  • Café Strandgatan is also a nice place with a nice view over the canal, however it's on the expensive side.
  • Espresso House on the main pedestrian mall has excellent coffee, though the surroundings are nothing special.
  • Gula Villan, Tingvallavägen 12, +46 520 129 60.
  • Hotel Albert is in a nice location with views all over the town.
  • Scandic Hotel Swania, Storgatan 47-49, +46 520 89 000. Also pretty nice, located in the old town-hall (not very old because the town is very young).
Routes through Trollhättan
KarlstadVänersborg  N noframe S  GöteborgFrederikshavn
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