The Göta älv river and Trollhättan Water Tower in central Trollhättan
|County||Västra Götaland County|
|- Total||23.80 km2 (9.2 sq mi)|
|- Density||1,869/km2 (4,840.7/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|- Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Trollhättan (Swedish pronunciation: [trɔlhɛtan]) is a city and the seat of Trollhättan Municipality, Västra Götaland County, Sweden with 44,498 inhabitants in 2005. It is located 75 km north of Sweden's second-largest city, Gothenburg.
Trollhättan was founded by the river Göta älv, at the location of Trollhättan Falls. The site was first mentioned in literature from 1413. For centuries, Trollhättan was an obstacle for the boats travelling the river, up until a lock system was completed in the nineteenth century. It has since been updated several times and the present locks were finished in 1916.
In the late nineteenth century, hydropower was developed in Trollhättan. The Swedish energy corporation Vattenfall ("waterfall") took its name from the falls in Trollhättan. Today the city has two operational hydropower stations, Olidan and Håjum. The hydropower has helped the city in its industrial revolution.
Trollhättan was granted city rights (which today have no legal effect, but is purely historical) in 1916 at which time it had about 15,000 inhabitants, now grown to 54,000.
The name "Trollhättan" comes from folkloristic tales. People believed that large trolls lived in the river Göta älv and that the islands in the river were the Trolls' hoods ("hättor"). Other former names of the site is Eiðar and Stora Edet; the latter lives on in the name of the south-bordering municipality of Lilla Edet. The Trollhättan Falls of Trollhättan has been theorized to be the Mímir's Well from the Norse mythology.
Trollhättan houses a number of industries, foremost the main production sites for Saab Automobile and Volvo Aero. In the area, there is also a large number of suppliers to these two facilities. Historically Trollhättan housed the NOHAB industries that produced locomotives, and Stridsberg & Biörk who had specialized in saws for sawmills.
There is also a film production facility, known as Trollywood; movies shot there include Show Me Love (Fucking Åmål), Dancer in the Dark and Dogville. The movie studio Film i Väst centered here produces about half of the Swedish feature-length films.
|Trollhättan is one of 133 places with the historical city status in Sweden.|
Fyrstads Flygplats doesn't connect to many places other than Stockholm, however a connection to Frankfurt has been opened to serve mainly the Saab clientele. Sources say that this connection will soon be open to the public.
80 km 1h north of Gothenburg via the road RV45.
Bus connection is very good within the city, and also covers most of the countryside and almost all surrounding cities as well as major distant cities. The standard fare is 20 kr which is valid within Zone 1 which covers the city, neighbouring cities and the countryside.
Taxis are on the expensive side. Taximeter is virtually always used but make sure that the driver really does turn it on unless a price has been negotiated in advance. Often the price can be better this way.
Trollhättan is also famous for its many pizzerias which have Sweden's best (?) kebab-pizza. What makes the pizza special is the sauce which is different from kebab sauce in other parts of Sweden.
There are a lot of cafés in Trollhättan. A few of them are:
|Routes through Trollhättan|
|Karlstad ← Vänersborg ←||N S||→ Göteborg → Frederikshavn|
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