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Trondheim kommune
—  Municipality  —

Coat of arms

Sør-Trøndelag within
Norway
Trondheim within Sør-Trøndelag
Coordinates (city): 63°25′47″N 10°23′36″E / 63.42972°N 10.39333°E / 63.42972; 10.39333Coordinates: 63°25′47″N 10°23′36″E / 63.42972°N 10.39333°E / 63.42972; 10.39333
Country Norway
County Sør-Trøndelag
District Trondheim Region
Municipality ID NO-1601
Administrative centre Trondheim
Government
 - Mayor (2003) Rita Ottervik (Ap)
Area (Nr. 258 in Norway)
 - Total 587 km2 (226.6 sq mi)
 - Land 784 km2 (302.7 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 - Total 170,936
 Density 480/km2 (1,243.2/sq mi)
 - Change (10 years) 8.6 %
 - Rank in Norway 3
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Official language form Neutral
Norwegian demonym Trondhjemmer [1]
Trondheimar
Trondheimer[2]
Website www.trondheim.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway
Historical populations
Year Pop.  %±
1769 11,315
1951 56,582 400.1%
1960 59,286 4.8%
1970 126,190 112.8%
1980 134,726 6.8%
1990 137,346 1.9%
2000 148,859 8.4%
2010 171,540 15.2%
2020 198,209 15.5%
2030 220,735 11.4%
Source: Statistics Norway[3][4]

About this sound Trondheim (historically Nidaros and Trondhjem) is a city and municipality in Sør-Trøndelag county, Norway. The city of Trondheim was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The rural municipalities of Byneset, Leinstrand, Strinda, and Tiller were merged with Trondheim on 1 January 1964.

Trondheim is a Norwegian center of education, technical and medical research with the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) and SINTEF located in the city. NTNU has about 25,000 students. With 170,936 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2010), Trondheim is Norway's third largest municipality, as well as the centre of the fourth largest urban area, with a population of approximately 162,568 (January 1, 2009). As of April 2009, the Trondheim Region, a statistical metropolitan area, has a population of 260,364, making it the fourth largest in Norway.[5]

Contents

History

The Old Town Bridge of Trondheim.
For the ecclesiastical history, see Archiepiscopate of Nidaros

Trondheim was named Kaupangen (English: market place or trading place) by Viking King Olav Tryggvason in 997. Fairly soon, it came to be called Nidaros. In the beginning it was frequently used as a military retainer (Old Norse: "hird"-man) of King Olav. It was frequently used as the seat of the king, and was capital of Norway until 1217.

People have been living in the region for thousands of years as evidenced by the rock carvings in central Norway, the Nøstvet and Lihult cultures and the Corded Ware culture. In ancient times, the Kings of Norway were hailed at Øretinget in Trondheim, the place for the assembly of all free men by the mouth of the river Nidelva. Harald Fairhair (865–933) was hailed as the king here, as was his son, Haakon I – called 'the Good'. The battle of Kalvskinnet took place in Trondheim in 1179: King Sverre Sigurdsson and his Birkebeiner warriors were victorious against Erling Skakke (a rival to the throne). Some scholars believe that the famous Lewis chessmen, twelfth century chess pieces carved from walrus ivory found in the Hebrides and now at the British Museum, may have been made in Trondheim.

Trondheim was the seat of the (Catholic) Archdiocese of Nidaros for Norway from 1152. Due to the introduction of Lutheran Protestantism in 1537, the last Archbishop, Olav Engelbrektsson, had to flee from the city to the Netherlands, where he died in present-day Lier, Belgium.

The city has experienced several major fires. Since it was a city of log buildings, out of wood, most fires caused severe damage. Great fires ravaged the city in 1598, 1651, 1681, 1708, 1717 (two fires that year), 1742, 1788, 1841 and 1842. It must be noted that these were only the worst cases. The 1651 fire destroyed 90% of all buildings within the city limits. The fire in 1681 (the "Horneman Fire") led to an almost total reconstruction of the city, overseen by General Johan Caspar von Cicignon, originally from Luxembourg. Broad avenues like Munkegaten were created, with no regard for property rights, in order to stop the next fire. At the time, the city had a population of roughly 8000 inhabitants. After the Treaty of Roskilde on 26 February 1658, Trondheim and the rest of Trøndelag, became Swedish territory for a brief period, but the area was reconquered after 10 months. The conflict was finally settled by the Treaty of Copenhagen on 27 May 1660.

During World War II, Trondheim was occupied by Nazi Germany from 9 April 1940, the first day of the invasion of Norway, until the end of the war in Europe, 8 May 1945. The home of the most notorious Norwegian Gestapo agents, Henry Rinnan, it was also subject to harsh treatment by the occupying powers, including imposition of martial law in October 1942.

Toponymy

The city was originally given the name by Olav Tryggvason. It was for a long time called Nidaros (English: Mouth of the river Nid), or Niðaróss in the Old Norse spelling. In the late Middle Ages the name was changed to Trondheim (Old Norse: Þróndheimr). In the Dano-Norwegian period, during the years as a provincial town in the united kingdoms of Denmark-Norway, the city name was spelled Trondhjem. The words heim(r) and hjem all mean "home", the word "Trond" means "A good place" or alternative, i.e. "A good place to live", or "A good home".[citation needed]

The flag of Trondheim is one of few Norwegian municipal flags, that is not a banner of arms of the municipal coat-of-arms.

Following the example set by the renaming of the capital Kristiania into Oslo, Nidaros was reintroduced as the official name of the city for a brief period from 1 January 1930 until 6 March 1931. The name was restored in order to reaffirm the city's link with its glorious past, despite the fact that a 1928 referendum on the name of the city had given this result: 17,163 votes in favour of Trondhjem and 1,508 votes in favour of Nidaros.[6] Public outrage later in the same year, even taking the form of riots, forced the Storting to settle for the medieval city name Trondheim. The name of the diocese was, however, changed from Trondhjem stift to Nidaros bispedømme (English: Diocese of Nidaros) in 1918.

Historically, Trondheimen indicates the area around the Trondheimsfjord. The spelling Trondhjem was officially rejected, but many still prefer that spelling of the city's name. Today, many inhabitants still refer to their city as "Tronn-yam", where "tronn" rhymes with "gone".[citation needed]

The traditional German version of the city's name was Drontheim. During the Nazi German occupation, 1940–1945, the Germans made it into a major base for submarines (DORA 1) and also contemplated a scheme to build a new city of 300,000 inhabitants, Neu-Drontheim (New Trondheim), centered 15 km (10 mi) southeast of Trondheim, near the wetlands of Øysand in the outskirts of Melhus municipality. The new city — northern capital of a Germanized Scandinavia — was meant to be the future German main naval base of the North Atlantic region, and would be the largest of all German naval bases. Today, there are few physical remains of this giant construction project.[7]

Coat-of-arms and seal

The coat-of-arms dates back to the 13th century. To the left, there is an archbishop with his staff and mitre in a church archway. On the right, a crowned king holding scales in a castle archway. These two pictures rest on a base which forms an arch. Underneath that arch, are three male heads which symbolize the city's rank as Norway's first capital and the archbishop's place of residence. The scales symbolize justice and the motif is based on the political philosophy of the 1200s, where the balance of power between king and church was an important issue. The three heads at the bottom may symbolize the city council. The motif is unique in Norwegian municipal heraldry, but similar motifs are found in bishopric cities on the continent. The design of the coat-of-arms that was adopted in 1897, and is still used today, was made by Håkon Thorsen.[8]

Geography

Trondheim is situated where the river Nidelva meets Trondheimsfjorden with an excellent harbour and sheltered condition. The river used to be deep enough for most boats in the Middle Ages. An avalanche of mud and stones made it less navigable and partly ruined the harbour in the mid-17th century.

Fall foliage along Nidelva on the 21 of October, 2009

The municipality's top elevation is the Storheia hill, 565 metres (≈1850 ft) above sea level. At summer solstice, the sun rises at 03:00 and sets at 23:40, but stays just below the horizon – there is no darkness from 20 May to 20 July.[9] At winter solstice, the sun rises at 10:00, stays very low above the horizon, and sets at 14:30.

Climate

Trondheim has a predominantly maritime climate,[10] but is mostly sheltered from the more windy conditions on the coast. The warmest temperature ever recorded is 35 °C (95 °F) on 22 July 1901, and the coldest is −26.1 °C (−15.0 °F) in February 1899. Trondheim experiences moderate snowfall from November to March,[11] but mixed with mild weather and rainfall. There are on average 14 days each winter with at least 25 cm snow cover on the ground and 22 days with daily minimum temperature −10 °C (14 °F) or colder. There is often substantially more snow in suburban areas at somewhat higher elevation, such as Byåsen and Heimdal, with good skiing conditions in Bymarka. Spring often sees much sunshine, but nights can be chilly or cold. The daily high temperature can exceed 20 °C (68 °F) from early May to late September, but not reliably so; on average are 34 days each summer warmer than 20 °C (68 °F). October is the most typical autumn month with cool temperatures and fall foliage, while November is considerably darker and colder. Average annual precipitation is 892 mm fairly evenly spread out over the year, although September and October typically sees twice as much precipitation as March, April and May. Temperatures have tended to be warmer in recent years. The Trøndelag area has seen average temperatures increase by almost 2 °C (3.60 °F) in the last 25 years.[12]

Climate data for Trondheim (1961-90)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0.1
(32)
1.0
(34)
4.1
(39)
7.8
(46)
14.1
(57)
17.3
(63)
18.4
(65)
17.8
(64)
13.6
(56)
9.1
(48)
3.7
(39)
1.5
(35)
9.0
(48)
Average low °C (°F) -6.5
(20)
-5.7
(22)
-3.0
(27)
0.3
(33)
5.0
(41)
8.8
(48)
10.3
(51)
9.8
(50)
6.6
(44)
3.3
(38)
-2.0
(28)
-4.8
(23)
1.8
(35)
Precipitation mm (inches) 63
(2.48)
52
(2.05)
54
(2.13)
49
(1.93)
53
(2.09)
68
(2.68)
94
(3.7)
87
(3.43)
113
(4.45)
104
(4.09)
71
(2.8)
84
(3.31)
892
(35.12)
Source: World Weather Information Service All data is for Trondheim – Værnes (12 m amsl), base period is 1961–1990.
Climate data for Trondheim (2009)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1.9
(35)
-0.6
(31)
4.6
(40)
11.0
(52)
14.7
(58)
16.7
(62)
20.0
(68)
19.8
(68)
14.4
(58)
7.0
(45)
6.1
(43)
0.6
(33)
9.7
(49)
Average low °C (°F) -3.5
(26)
-5.4
(22)
-0.8
(31)
3.6
(38)
6.2
(43)
8.5
(47)
11.8
(53)
11.9
(53)
8.4
(47)
1.3
(34)
0.2
(32)
-5.0
(23)
3.1
(38)
Precipitation mm (inches) 92
(3.62)
93
(3.66)
52
(2.05)
17
(0.67)
52
(2.05)
65
(2.56)
134
(5.28)
54
(2.13)
204
(8.03)
78
(3.07)
22
(0.87)
53
(2.09)
824
(32.44)
Source: Meteorologisk institutt All data is for Trondheim – Voll (127 m amsl), 2009.
A panorama of Trondheim, the Trondheimsfjord and surrounding areas.

Fauna

Several wetland habitats can be found within the city limits. The Gaulosen is one of these. Here you will find a newly built observation tower and information on the birdlife that can be found.

Despite Trondheim being Norway's third largest city, wild animals can be seen. Otters and beavers thrive in Nidelva and Bymarka.[13] Badgers and foxes are not uncommon sights. Moose and deer are common in the hills surrounding the city, and might wander into the city, especially in May when the one year olds are chased away by their mothers, or in late winter when food grows scarce in the snow-covered higher regions. Since 2002, a wolverine has stayed in Bymarka.[14]

Cityscape

The Nidelva flows through Trondheim with old storehouses flanking both sides of this river. The Nidaros Cathedral and Old Town Bridge can be seen on the left side of this panorama.

Most of the downtown area is scattered with small specialty stores and shops, however a considerable part of the downtown shopping area is concentrated around the pedestrian street Nordre gate (English: Northern street) and the Olav Tryggvasons gate even though the rest of the city center also is riddled with everything from old, well established companies to new, hip and trendy shops.

In the mid- to late 1990s, the area surrounding the old drydock and ship construction buildings of the defunct Trondhjems mekaniske Værksted shipbuilding company at the Nedre Elvehavn (Lower River Docks) were renovated and old industrial buildings were torn down to give place for semi high-rise condominiums. A shopping mall was also built, known as Solsiden (The Sunny Side). This is a popular residential and shopping area, especially for young people.

DORA 1 is a German submarine base that housed the 13th Flotilla during the World War II occupation of Norway. Today the bunker houses various archives, among them the city archives, the university and state archives. More recently, DORA has been used as a concert venue.

Central Trondheim as seen from the tower of the Nidaros Cathedral looking towards the Trondheimsfjord and Munkholmen Island.

Kristiansten Fortress, built 1681–1684, is located on a hill east in Trondheim. It repelled the invading Swedes in 1718, but was decommissioned in 1816 by Crown Prince Regent Charles John.

A statue of Olav Tryggvason, the founder of Trondheim, is located in the city's central plaza, mounted on top of an obelisk. The statue base is also a sun dial, but it is calibrated to UTC+1 so that the reading is inaccurate by one hour in the summer.

The islet Munkholmen is a popular tourist attraction and recreation site. The islet has served as a place of execution, a monastery, a fortress, prison, and a World War II anti-aircraft gun station.

Stiftsgården is the royal residence in Trondheim, originally constructed in 1774 by Cecilie Christine Schøller. At 140 rooms constituting 4,000 m2 (43,055.64 sq ft) (43000 ft²), it is possibly the largest wooden building in Northern Europe, and has been used by royals and their guests since 1800. Singsaker studenterhjem is the largest inhabited wooden building in Scandinavia as it houses 110 students throughout the school year. In the summer the student home is turned into a summer hotel, Singsaker Sommerhotell.

A statue of Leif Ericson, donated by the Leif Ericson Society in Seattle, is located at the seaside, close to the old Customs Building, the cruise ship facilities and the new swimming Hall. The statue is a replica, the original being located at a Seattle marina.

Nidaros Cathedral

The Nidaros Cathedral as seen from the southern bank of the Nidelva.

The Nidaros Cathedral and the Archbishop's Palace are located side by side in the middle of the city centre. The cathedral, built from 1070 on, is the most important Gothic monument in Norway and was Northern Europe's most important Christian pilgrimage site during the Middle Ages,[15] with pilgrimage routes from Oslo in southern Norway and from the Jämtland and Värmland regions of Sweden. Today, it is the northernmost medieval cathedral in the world, and the second largest in Scandinavia.

During the Middle Ages, and again after independence was restored in 1814, the Nidaros Cathedral was the coronation church of the Norwegian kings. King Haakon VII was the last monarch to be crowned there, in 1906. Starting with King Olav V in 1957, coronation was replaced by consecration. In 1991, the present King Harald V and Queen Sonja were consecrated in the cathedral.[16] On 24 May 2002, their daughter Princess Märtha Louise married the writer Ari Behn in the cathedral.[17]

The pilgrimage route to Nidaros Cathedral, the site of Saint Olav's tomb, has recently been re-instated. In Norwegian, the route is known as Sankt Olavs vei (English: St. Olav's Way). The main route, which is approximately 640 km long, starts in Oslo and heads North, along the lake Mjøsa, up the valley Gudbrandsdalen, over the mountain range Dovrefjell and down the valley Oppdal to end at Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim. There is a Pilgrim's Office in Oslo which gives advice to pilgrims, and a Pilgrim Centre in Trondheim, under the aegis of the cathedral, which awards certificates to successful pilgrims upon the completion of their journey.

Museums

Trondheim Museum of Arts has Norway's third largest public art collection, mainly Norwegian art from the last 150 years.[18] The National Museum of Decorative Arts boasts a large collection of decorative arts and design, including a great number of tapestries from the Norwegian tapestry artist Hannah Ryggen, as well as Norway's only permanent exhibibition of Japanese arts and crafts.[19] Sverresborg, also named Zion after King David's castle ]in Jerusalem, was a fortification built by Sverre Sigurdsson. It is now an open air museum, consisting of more than 60 buildings. The castle was originally built in 1182-1183, but did not last for long as it was burned down in 1188. However, the Sverresaga indicates it had been restored by 1197.[citation needed]

Trondheim Science Museum (Norwegian: Vitensenteret i Trondheim) is a scientific hands-on experience center. The Museum of Natural History and Archaeology is part of the Norwegian University of Science and Technology. There are also a variety of small history, science and natural history museums, such as the Trondheim Maritime Museum, the Armoury, adjacent to the Archbishops's Palace, the music and musical instrument museum Ringve National Museum, Ringve Botanical Garden, the Trondheim Tramway Museum, and the Jewish Museum (Trondheim), co-located with the city's synagogue, which is among the northernmost in the world.

Political structure

On 1 January 2005, the city was reorganized from five boroughs into four, with each of these having separate social services offices. The current boroughs are Midtbyen (44,967 inhabitants), Østbyen (42,707 inhabitants), Lerkendal (46,603 inhabitants) and Heimdal (30,744) inhabitants. Population statistics are as of 1 January 2008.

Prior to 2005, Trondheim was divided into the boroughs Sentrum, Strinda, Nardo, Byåsen and Heimdal.

City council elections 2007
Party Percent Votes Seats in council Members of the
executive board
% ± total ± total ±
Labour (AP) 44.0 13.3 33184 12539 37 11 5
Progress (FrP) 14.7 3.1 11113 3325 13 3 1
Conservative(H) 15.0 -5.3 11351 -2365 13 -5 2
Christian Democrat (KrF) 3.5 -0.1 2640 174 3 0 0
Centre (SP) 2.7 -0.4 2035 -61 2 -1 1
Socialist Left (SV) 8.2 -9.6 6170 -5763 7 -8 1
Liberal (V) 4.0 1.2 3033 1160 3 1 1
Pensioners (PP) 1.5 -3.2 1145 -2023 1 -3
Red Electoral Alliance (RV) 3.4 0.7 2542 736 3 1
Green Party (MDG) 2.0 0.4 1522 435 2 1
Democrats (D) 0.9 -0.1 662 -3 1 0
Turnover/Total 60% 75497 85 11
Mayor: Rita Ottervik (Ap) Deputy mayor: Knut Fagerbakke (SV)
Comments: Source: Ministry of Local Government

Education and research

See also the list of primary schools in Trondheim.

There are 11 high schools in the city. Trondheim katedralskole ("Trondheim Cathedral School") was founded in 1152 and is the oldest gymnasium-level school of Norway, while Brundalen videregående skole is the largest in Sør-Trøndelag with its 1100 students and 275 employees.

Trondheim is home to the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (Norges Teknisk-Naturvitenskapelige Universitet, NTNU) with its 20,000[20] students, as well as Sør-Trøndelag University College (Høgskolen i Sør-Trøndelag, HiST) with 7,000 registered students. Both NTNU and HiST receive thousands of students from all over the country, which means that the actual population of the city is somewhat higher than the official number.

The regional hospital, St. Olavs University Hospital, is located in Trondheim. The university hospital, cooperates closely with the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU). A new hospital is currently being built,[21] with a projected cost of 12 billion NOK.

SINTEF, the largest independent research organisation in Scandinavia, has 1800 employees with 1300 of these located in Trondheim.[22] The Air Force Academy of the Royal Norwegian Air Force is located at Kuhaugen in Trondheim.

Media

Adresseavisen is the largest regional newspaper and the oldest active newspaper in Norway, having been established in 1767. The newspaper owns the regional television channel TVAdressa and the radio channel RadioAdressa. The two Headquarters of The Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK) are located at Tyholt in Trondheim and Oslo.[23] The student milieu of Trondheim features three types of media. Under Dusken is the student paper, Radio Revolt is the student radio, and Student-TV broadcasts videos online.

Transport

Trondheim has an international airport, Trondheim Airport, Værnes, situated in Stjørdal, which is Norway's fourth largest airport in terms of passenger traffic.

A tram making its way through Trondheim.

Major railway connections are the northbound Nordlandsbanen (to Mo i Rana 1942, Fauske 1958, Bodø 1962), the eastbound Meråkerbanen (opened 1882) to Sweden via Storlien, and two southbound connections to Oslo, Rørosbanen (opened 1877) and Dovrebanen (opened 1921).

The Coastal Express ships (Hurtigruten: Covering the BergenKirkenes stretch of the coast) call at Trondheim, as do many cruise ships during the summer season. Since 1994 there is also a fast commuter boat service to Kristiansund, the closest coastal city to the southwest.

Trondheim also boasts the northernmost (since closure of Arkhangelsk tram in 2004) tramway line in the world: Gråkallbanen, the last remaining bit of the Trondheim Tramway is an 8.8 km (5.5 mi) route (which is mostly single-track outside the inner most parts of the city; except the stretch between Breidablikk and Nordre Hoem stations) which runs from the city centre, through the Byåsen district, and up to Lian, in the large recreation area Bymarka. Trondheim boasts the world's only bicycle lift, Trampe.

The bus network, operated by Team Trafikk, runs throughout most of the city and its suburbs. Bus service starts at about 05:00 and the latest service is around midnight. In addition, the Nattbuss (Night Bus) service ensures cheap and effective transport for those enjoying nightlife in the city centre during the weekends. E6 passes through the city centre of Trondheim in addition to a motorway bypass along the eastern rim of the city.

Culture

Stage

The main regional theatre, Trøndelag Teater, is situated in Trondheim. The theatre is the oldest theatre in Scandinavia; still in use from 1816. The city also features an alternative theatre house, called Avant Garden.

Music

The Ringve Museum is a museum devoted to music.

Trondheim has a broad music scene, and is known for its strong communities committed to rock, jazz and classical music[citation needed], the latter two spearheaded by the music conservatory at NTNU and the municipal music school, Trondheim Kommunale Musikk- og Kulturskole, with the Trondheim Symphonic Orchestra and the Trondheim Soloists being the best-known arenas. Classical artists hailing from Trondheim include violinist Arve Tellefsen, Elise Båtnes and Marianne Thorsen. Also the Nidaros Cathedral Boys' Choir.

Pop/rock artists and bands associated with Trondheim include Åge Aleksandersen, Margaret Berger, DumDum Boys, Gåte, Keep Of Kalessin, Lumsk, Motorpsycho, Kari Rueslåtten, The 3rd and the Mortal, TNT, Tre Små Kinesere, The Kids, Casino Steel (of The Boys), Atrox, Bloodthorn, Manes, child prodigy Malin Reitan and Aleksander With. The most popular punk scene is UFFA.

Georg Kajanus, creator of the bands Eclection, Sailor and DATA, was born in Trondheim. The music production team Stargate started out in Trondheim.

Bars and clubs

The nightlife in Trondheim is varied and often changing but staples of the DJ/live music scene, are the Brukbar and Supa located on Prinsensgate in the center of town which are connected with the Pair-a-Dice 50s diner and Saft Suse, which also serve alcohol late into the evening. Also, the northernmost part of Nordre gate (north of the pedestrian zone) is considered a nightlife HQ, together with the adjacent Carl Johans gate and Brattørgata.

Across the river, by the Solsiden mall, you find a popular center for nightlife. There, you can find quiet cafés and restaurants as well as live music venues such as Blæst. Blæst hosts live bands as well as DJ's throughout the year. Very close, heading back towards the center of town on Kjøpmannsgata, you will find Fru Lundgren. This bar is in the basement of an old building and has a dark, goth or punk inspired motif. It consistently showcases local bands. Around the corner in Brattørgata is 3B, a long-time staple of Trondheim nightlife, it has cheap beers and a pool table as well as a downstairs lounge and bar with a dance floor and DJs in the back.

Trondheim has a unique student centre, Studentersamfundet, located just by Elgeseter bridge close to the university's Gløshaugen campus and the university hospital. A unique red, round building, it teems with life every weekend during term time, doubling as a hostel in summer. The building is absolutely huge and quirky.

There are many other possibilities for nightlife in the center of town, including discos, piano bars and pubs.

Sports and recreation

The Pavement Cafes at Bakklandet.

Trondheim is the home town of football team Rosenborg Ballklub (colloquially known as RBK), a successful team nationally as well as internationally[24] playing in the UEFA Champions League for the 11th time in 2007.[25] The team's name, and initially most of its players, came from an east-end borough.

The city is also known for its active winter sports scene,[citation needed] with cross-country skiing tracks in Bymarka and a ski jumping arena in Granåsen, as well as nearby alpine skiing facilities at Vassfjellet. Trondheim hosted the 1997 Nordic skiing World Championships, held World Cup ski sprint races in the city centre in February 2004, and hosted the 2006 National Biathlon Championships. In March 2007, Trondheim lost the bid to Tromsø to be the Norwegian candidate in the contest to host the 2018 Winter Olympics.[26]

Trekking and cross-country skiing are popular among Norwegians. In Trondheim, people often go to the hills surrounding the city – Bymarka in the west and Estenstadmarka in the east - to engage in these activities. Many kilometers of prepared skiing tracks are available during the winter, as are a few establishments serving food and beverages in the middle of the forested skiing areas.[27]

Mountain hiking is also popular, and several mountain ranges are within short distance from the city. Trollheimen is located to the southwest, Dovrefjell to the south and Sylane to the east. There is an 9-hole Golf course bordering Bymarka, Trondheim Golfklubb, and an 18 hole course at nearby Byneset.

Salmon fishing is a popular activity. The record in Nidelva is 31.8 kg.[28] Gaula, one of the best salmon rivers in Europe,[29][30][31][32] empties into Gaulosen at Leinstrand in Trondheim municipality, south of the city center.

Student culture

The building of the Studentersamfundet i Trondhjem.

With students comprising almost a fifth of the population, the city of Trondheim is heavily influenced by student culture. Most noticeable is Studentersamfundet i Trondhjem, the city's student society. Its characteristic round, red building from 1929 sits at the head of the bridge crossing the river southwards from the city centre.

Student culture in Trondheim is characterized by a long-standing tradition of volunteer work. The student society is for example run by more than 1200 volunteers.[33] NTNUI, Norway's largest sports club, is among the other volunteer organizations that dominate student culture in Trondheim. Students of Trondheim are also behind two major Norwegian culture festivals, UKA and The International Student Festival in Trondheim (ISFiT). NTNU lists over 200 student organizations with registered web pages at its servers alone[34]

In an effort to bring attention to the strong student culture of Trondheim, the organization StudiebyEN (Student City One) in 2004, launched a "love guarantee" that attracted worldwide attention. The notion of Trondheim as a romantic city appears to have stuck with its image.[35][36][37]

Notable people

Honorary citizens

Others

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Trondheim is twinned with:[41]

See also

References

Notes
  1. ^ "Trondhjemmer". www.trondheim.com. http://www.trondheim.com/content.ap?thisId=92936487&language=0. Retrieved 2008-01-09.  (Norwegian)
  2. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. http://www.sprakrad.no/Sprakhjelp/Rettskriving_Ordboeker/Innbyggjarnamn. 
  3. ^ "Microsoft Word - FOB-Hefte.doc" (in (Norwegian)) (PDF). http://www.ssb.no/fob/kommunehefte/1601/fob_1601_tabeller.pdf. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  4. ^ "Tabell 6 Folkemengde per 1. januar, etter fylke og kommune. Registrert 2009. Framskrevet 2010-2030, alternativ MMMM" (in (Norwegian)). Ssb.no. http://www.ssb.no/emner/02/03/folkfram/tab-2009-06-11-06.html. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  5. ^ "Table 1 Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality. 1 January 2009" (in (Norwegian)). Ssb.no. 2009-01-01. http://www.ssb.no/beftett_en/tab-2009-06-16-01-en.html. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  6. ^ Bratberg, Terje T. V. (10 January 2008). "Striden om bynavnet". Arbeideravisa (Trondheim): p. 27.  (Norwegian)
  7. ^ Hitlers drøm om Trondheim (Norwegian)
  8. ^ "Trondheim's coat of arms and seal". Trondheim kommune. http://www.trondheim.no/content.ap?thisId=519505. Retrieved 2008-10-29. 
  9. ^ Trondheim, Norway - Sunrise, sunset, dawn and dusk times for the whole year - Gaisma
  10. ^ World Weather Information Service - Trondheim
  11. ^ "See Norway's snow, weather, water and climate anytime anywhere". http://senorge.no/mapPage.aspx. Retrieved 2007-12-29. 
  12. ^ "Nyhet fra Meteorologisk institutt". met.no. 27 November 2007. http://met.no/aktuelt/nyhetsarkiv/2007/11november/speilsalen.html.  (Norwegian)
  13. ^ "Bymarkbeveren skal holdes i sjakk". http://www.adressa.no/nyheter/trondheim/article347991.ece. Retrieved 2007-08-03.  (Norwegian)
  14. ^ "Jerven som flyktet til byen". http://www.adressa.no/nyheter/dokument/article1077747.ece. Retrieved 2008-05-09.  (Norwegian)
  15. ^ "Pilgrim ways in Norway, background". Trondheim kommune. http://www.trondheim.com/content.ap?thisId=5510350. Retrieved 2007-08-04. 
  16. ^ "The consecration of King Harald and Queen Sonja". The Norwegian Royal Family. http://www.kongehuset.no/c27283/artikkel/vis.html?tid=28740. Retrieved 2007-08-03. 
  17. ^ "The wedding of Princess Märtha Louise". The Norwegian Royal Family. http://www.kongehuset.no/c28617/artikkel/vis.html?tid=28747. Retrieved 2007-08-03. 
  18. ^ [1]
  19. ^ http://www.nkim.museum.no/
  20. ^ "NTNU – Facts and figures". http://www.ntnu.no/facts. Retrieved 2009-03-18. 
  21. ^ The Hospital Development Project for Central Norway
  22. ^ About us – SINTEF
  23. ^ Haugan, Trond E. Byens magiske rom: Historien om Trondheim kino (Tapir Akademisk Forlag, 2008, ISBN 9788251922425)
  24. ^ "Club facts: Rosenborg". http://www.uefa.com/footballeurope/club=52806/club.html. Retrieved 2007-09-22. 
  25. ^ "Club facts: Rosenborg". http://www.uefa.com/footballeurope/club=52806/club.html. Retrieved 2007-09-22. 
  26. ^ "Pressemelding vedr. valg av Tromsø som mulig norsk søkerby til OL og Paralympic 2018". http://www.idrett.no/t2.aspx?p=65242&x=1&a=194496. Retrieved 2007-10-28.  (Norwegian)
  27. ^ Hytter i Trondheimsmarka
  28. ^ Trondheim – the official website – outdoor activities
  29. ^ Gaula River, Trondheim, Norway, fishing guides, fly fishing, salmon
  30. ^ Fishmaster Global Fishing - Fly Fishing - Norway - Gaula
  31. ^ Gaula < Norway < English < Vefsvæði lax-a.is
  32. ^ FT.com / Home UK / UK - Norwegian salmon rivers
  33. ^ "About Studentersamfundet". http://www.samfundet.no/informasjon/omsamfundet.php. Retrieved 2008-02-18.  (Norwegian)
  34. ^ "NTNU Student Organizations (in Norwegian". http://org.ntnu.no/. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  35. ^ "StudiebyEN: Love guarantee". http://www.studiebyen.no/index.php?option=com_content&task=blogcategory&id=14&Itemid=34. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  36. ^ "Bergensavisen: Studenter får kjærestegaranti". http://www.ba.no/nyheter/Innenriks/article909954.ece. Retrieved 2008-02-18.  (Norwegian)
  37. ^ "Telegraph.co.uk: Students are offered course of true love". http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2004/03/18/wluv18.xml&sSheet=/portal/2004/03/18/ixportal.html. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  38. ^ a b "Formidabel festuke". Trondheim kommune. http://www.trondheim.kommune.no/content.ap?thisId=1117610252&language=0. Retrieved 2007-08-05.  (Norwegian)
  39. ^ "Arve Tellefsen Awards". Arve Tellefsen. http://www.arvetellefsen.no/eng/utm.html. Retrieved 2009-04-13.  (Norwegian)
  40. ^ "Historiske klipp fra Trøndelag" (in Norwegian). Norsk Rikskringkasting. http://www.nrk.no/nyheter/distrikt/nrk_trondelag/4678258.html. Retrieved 2009-04-13.  (Norwegian)
  41. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Trondheims offisielle nettsted - Vennskapsbyer
  42. ^ Town Twinnings and international relations (from the official city website. Retrieved 2008-08-11.
  43. ^ "Twin Towns - Graz Online - English Version". www.graz.at. http://www.graz.at/cms/beitrag/10045157/606819/. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  44. ^ (Transnistria State Flag.svg part of de facto independent Transnistria)

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

View of the Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim.
View of the Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim.

Trondheim [1] is an old city in central Norway. The city is dominated by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology; its more than 25,000 students are a lot in a city with merely 160,000 inhabitants in total, and this contributes greatly to the city's economy.

Trondheim is the oldest of Norway's major cities, and its old heritage can still be traced in and around the city centre. The marvellous Nidaros Cathedral, the largest church of Northern Europe, towers over the city centre, which is roughly the area inside the serpentining Nidelva river.

The city boasts a rich, cultural heritage, but is still a major centre. Even if the size is modest, there's a lot going on in Trondheim. Music, arts, culture, alternative politics, nightlife, student life... all combines into making Trondheim one of the most exciting city centres of Northern Europe.

Understand

Contrary to popular belief, Trondheim was not so much of a center for the Vikings, as it was founded at the end of the Viking Age. However, it was the religious center of northern Europe during the Middle Ages and a vital hub for North Atlantic trade, giving it plentiful of characteristic mansions and harbour houses. For centuries, Trondheim was the northernmost mercantile city in Europe, giving it a special "edge-of-the-world" feeling. This also resulted in a more open-hearted, international culture than many other Scandinavian cities at the time. The inhabitants like to call their city the historical, the religious and the technology capital of Norway. The city celebrated its 1000nd anniversary in 1997.

Get in

By plane

Trondheim Airport Værnes [2] serves international and national flights. There are plenty of flights every day to Oslo, and several to places including Bergen, Stavanger, Bodø and Tromsø, as well as the short-field airports of Mosjøen, Sandnessjøen, Brønnøysund, Namsos and Rørvik. International destinations include London (Stansted), Amsterdam, Copenhagen, Stockholm, Alicante (Spain), Murcia (Spain), Malaga (Spain), Riga, Warsaw and Prague.

To get to the city from the airport, grab the Flybussen [3] service, departing every 15 minutes on weekdays (NOK 90, student NOK 70, children NOK 45). You can also take the train [4] to the centre, as well as to the north. Local trains depart every hour for the centre (passing Hell station just 2 mins after the airport... did you really land that close?), every hour for the neighbouring cities of Stjørdal, Levanger, Verdal and Steinkjer, and three times a day for Norway's northern train line towards Fauske and Bodø. Both the Flybussen and the train pass the centre, with several stops, and end up close to the football stadium at Lerkendal. There are also local buses to Stjørdal and the areas between the airport and Trondheim. The travel time to the centre is approx. 40 mins.

By train

There are four daily trains between Oslo and Trondheim on the Dovre line [5]. These are the quickest ground transport between the cities, and you may find cheap discount tickets on the NSB website.

There are no longer direct trains on the Røros line [6], but there are two daily connections with Oslo, with changes in Røros and Hamar.

Three daily trains make their way northwards on the Nordlandsbanen [7] towards Mosjøen and Mo i Rana, with two of them continuing to Fauske and Bodø. Fauske is the main hub for buses northwards, for instance to Lofoten. Incidentally, the night service passes Hell station just before midnight...

Local trains [8] between Trondheim and the airport, continuing to Steinkjer, depart every hour on weekdays, roughly every second hour on weekends. Trains for Oppdal and Røros depart a few times per day.

The Nabotåget [9] service runs twice daily to the Swedish border at Storlien, continuing to the ski resort Åre and the city of Östersund. There are connections to Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmo.

By car

The Norwegian north-south highway E6 passes Trondheim. The coastal highway E39 has its terminus at Klett, 10 km south of Trondheim. The eastbound E14 forks off from E6 near the airport.

Parking in the city centre is easy, but expensive. Useful parking spots include the central station, the garage under the main square, the garage in Fjordgata, the Central Park garage, the garage in Sandgata (ALWAYS empty spots here) and the garage just across Bakke bridge.

By bus

From Oslo, Nor-way Bussekspress [10] runs the Østerdalsekspressen [11] via Elverum and Tynset. No prebooking needed. This bus is painfully much more slow than the train, but convenient if you are going to/from some of the destinations the train don't serve.

Also from Oslo, the Lavprisekspressen [12] budget bus line runs along the E6 all the way. Tickets must be booked and prepaid on the internet site. They are infinitely cheaper than Nor-Way, and are the cheapest alternative if you get discount tickets. However, the train is more comfy and quicker, even if the buses are okay.

The Mørelinjen [13] express, operated by Nor-Way, runs down the coast towards Kristiansund, Molde and Ålesund.

Other Nor-Way lines from Trondheim include the Namsos line [14] the Røros line [15] and the useful Bergen line [16], passing the fjord areas of western Norway on the way and connecting these with Trondheim. All the way to Bergen, it takes a whopping 14 hrs.

By boat

If you have the time and money, you should definitely take the Coastal Steamer Hurtigruten [17]. It runs from Bergen to Trondheim, and on to Bodø, Tromsø, Hammerfest and finally Kirkenes, just on the Russian border. The trip from Bergen takes 36 hours and costs about 750 NOK if you are a student (be sure to check for updated prices on their home page). This trip takes you through one of the most magnificent parts of coastal Norway, even popping by the famous Geiranger fjord during summer. Travelling north, Bodø is reached in 24 hrs, while Tromsø takes 50 hrs. All the way to Kirkenes takes another two days from Tromsø...

Get around

Trondheim has a well developed bus [18] network, covering nearly all of the city. There are frequent departures during the day, less frequent during evenings. On weekend nights, a comprehensive night bus system runs from the terminus in Olav Tryggvasons gate, close to the action.

Here [19] is a map of the system. Here [20] you can find links to the time schedules (in PDF). A Night service map [21] is here (in PDF). Remember, these only run nights after Friday and Saturday.

Tickets are bought from the driver, and are NOK 30 for single tickets (NOK 15 for under 16's). A day pass is NOK 70, while the night bus costs NOK 60 (day pass not valid).

One tram [22] line operates from St. Olavs gate near the centre to Lian, up in the Bymarka forests. It operates on the same fare schedule, so day passes are valid.

The resort island of Munkholmen [23], ideal for swimming, sunbathing or a peek at the old monastery, can be reached by boat from Ravnkloa every hour in summer. Make sure you don't miss the last boat home in the evening!

Local trains [24] can also be used within the city boundaries (between stations Rotvoll and Lerkendal/Heimdal). Sadly, these are no longer part of the common public transport fare system, so day passes are not valid. Buy single tickets from the station clerks or the conductor on the train.

If you want to find anywhere in Trondheim, try the Yellow Pages website [25]. The maps have more detail than a certain popular map website, and are very useful if you've heard the name of a place, but don't know where it is.

  • Stay close to the river Nidelva if you want to see the real pearl of the city. The sunsets can be magnificent, especially in summer, and the city is so far north that the first hints of arctic blue sky is seen. Summer days seem to last forever, although for a real midnight sun, you have to travel further north. The river is nicely experienced in the park Marinen just behind the Cathedral.
  • Nidarosdomen [26] is the biggest church of Northern Europe and the only major gothic cathedral in Norway, and the pride of the city. Towering over the city centre at its southern edge, the majestic cathedral is the defining feature of Trondheim. Nidarosdomen is also Norway's national cathedral. It was erected over what was believed to be St.Olav's grave and it became a major pilgrimage site in Northern Europe. Next door is the Archbishop's Palace, which was partly burnt down in the 80's, and has been heavily restored.
  • Wooden mansions in and around the city centre. Stiftsgaarden, the King's local residence, is the biggest together with the Singsaker summer hotel, but the small, wooden houses in parts of the city like Bakklandet [27], Hospitalsløkkan Ila and Ilsvikøra are even more picturesque.
  • The ancient fortress island Munkholmen, accessible by boat.
  • Wooden harbour buildings along Kjøpmannsgata, Fjordgata and Sandgata. The best view is from the Old Town Bridge [28] across Nidelva river, leading from close to the Cathedral to Bakklandet.
  • The world's first bike lift Trampe at Bakklandet, just across the bridge
  • TV-tower with a rotating top restaurant (bus 20,60 to Tyholttårnet/Otto Nielsens veg)
  • Museum of Musical instruments [29] at Ringve (bus 3,4 to Ringve museum). Also has the bothanical gardens of Trondheim.
  • The small community of squatters in the area of Reina (dubbed by themselves Svartla'mon [30]), now an ecological experiment-part of the city. A different neighbourhood to walk around in, with very few shops, cafes and lots of graffiti.
  • DORA 1 , the German submarine base for the 13th flotilla during the German occupation of Norway 1940 - 1945. Today the bunker is housing many archives, among them the city archives, university and state archives.
  • Trøndelag folkemuseum [31] at Sverresborg, with lots of old houses depicting lifestyle in old days. In a very beautiful park area overlooking the city, and truly worth a visit! Activities for children on Sundays. Eat at the nice inhouse-cafe, or at the next-door "Tavern" dating from the 18th century. (Bus 8 to Trøndelag Folkemuseum)
  • Every year in the end of July and the beginning of August, you can visit the St. Olav Festival [32]. The festival is a celebration of Olav Haraldsson, who attempted to christianise Norway. The festivals programme consists of both religious contributions, like masses for pilgrimages in the Nidaros cathedral and cultural festivities like concerts, Middle-Age-plays, lectures, exhibitions and many other activities.
  • Have a swim in the modern Pirbadet [33] swimming pool, a magnificent water palace just by the sea, but definitely warmer! (Bus 46 or 52 to Pirterminalen, end station)
  • Have a even cooler swim in the sjøbadet, a tiny little, but very cosy beach that consists of not much more than a wooden diving tower. It gains its uniqueness through its location, right to the left behind the central trainstation, in the area of harbor and industries. Don't worry, it's the cleanest water in the world!
  • If the weather is nice and the fjord is warm, the best swimming spots are found east of the city. The Lade area contains a footpath along the fjord, which passes many of the best swimming spots. (Bus 3 to Strandveikaia, then walk along the industrially-looking road to the left... and you'll find beauty soon!) Also, the Rotvoll/Ranheim-area further out is brilliant for sunbathing and swimming. (Bus 6 to Rotvoll or longer, or local train to Rotvoll station)
  • Check out Trondheim's bustling nightlife. During term time, the students make the nightlife rocking all week, and skyrocketing in weekends. Check the "Drink" section for more.
  • Have a walk in the Kristiansten Fortress-areakristiansen Fortress , overlooking the city. (If you can't be bothered with the hills, get bus 63 to Ankersgata, or rent a bike and use the bike lift!)
  • Take the local train to Hell Station and get a photo of yourself. If you can't be bothered going there, you can still buy a one-way ticket to Hell from Central Station... for that special someone.
  • Go skiing at Vassfjellet [34] just outside Trondheim, in the season there's a bus service from Munkegata, and a Ski Shop [35] with ski and snowboard rental service.

Learn

The Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU [36]) in Trondheim represents academic eminence in technology and the natural sciences as well as in other academic disciplines ranging from the social sciences, the arts, medicine, architecture to fine arts. Cross-disciplinary cooperation results in innovative breakthroughs and creative solutions with far-reaching social and economic impact.

Work

If you're looking for work check out the website of the governmental agency NAV [37]. Tech industry boom; Google has a new office here that focuses on advanced computer engineering, Yahoo's arrived & there's other start-ups. If you are truly impressive in this field they'll pay for your move and process your work visa. But you have to excell in your field; if there's a Norwegian that can do your job, they'll get it not you.

  • Nordre gate. The central shopping street in Trondheim, with international stores as well as local shops. Clothes, food, jewellery, watches, electronics, and much more can be found in this pedestrian-only street.
  • Thomas Angells Gate. Crossing Nordre gate at approximately half-way, this is a slightly smaller street with record shops and different other stores.
  • Fjordgata. Following the canal at the north of the city centre you have this lenghty street filled mainly with speciality stores as well as a decent selection of restaurants.
  • Trondheim Torg, Kongens g 11. Smack in the middle of the city, this mall should be able to suit most of your needs. This mall especially has many diners/cafés. In 2005 it was extended with about 20 new stores and cafés. No frill, nothing fancy, just a centrally located shopping mall with good prices.
  • Mercur Shopping Center, Kongens gate 8. Also very central, this is a smaller and slightly less crowded shopping centre than Torg; a good alternative.
  • Byhaven, Olav Tryggvasons g 28. Slightly posh shopping mall with a slight majority of expensive stores. Granted, there were many more posh stores when it opened some years ago now, but the posh enviroment seems to remain.
  • Solsiden, Beddingen 10, Nedre Elvehavn. Solsiden translates directly to "The Sunny Side". It was realized and hurrily transformed from an abandoned ship-building site into the hippest shopping mall Trondheim has to offer. Very stylish and well thought out in beautiful surroundings flanked by penthouse apartments as far as you can see. It has a long stretch of restaurants/bars located by the old area where ships were launched back in the good ol' days. Perhaps the most enjoyable of the malls in Trondheim(?). Walk across the pedestrian bridge from close to the train station, or get any eastbound bus from the centre.
  • City SydCitySyd restaurant , Østre Rosten 28 -30, 7075 Tiller. The largest shopping mall in central Norway, with 38000 square metres of shops, restaurants and whatever else you can think of. Slightly off the beaten tourist track but it can be reached by bus/taxi. Not very recommened as it feels quite worn and gray. Good if you care to get all your essentials packed under one roof. Generally low prices. Bus 9, 46 or 47 to City Syd.
  • City Lade, Haakon VIIs gate 9. A new-ish, large mall at Lade, some 3kms from the centre. Bus 4 takes you there.

Eat

Trondheim has food spots to suit every taste.

  • Studentersamfundet, Elgeseter gate 1. In the weird, wild, round, red house that houses the Interrail centre in summer and the student society otherwise. The café Edgar serve some decent grub for not too much money (The chocolate cake is big and cheap). The entrance is at the back of the building, and nearly unmarked. Go through the door and to the left. Lyche (entrance from the south) serves quite good dinner of the day for 50 NOK. All southbound buses stop at Studentersamfundet.
  • Student canteens. The size of the university means there are 21 student canteens around, serving up pretty bad food at pretty good prices (48 NOK). Find the list here: [38].
  • Hot Dog. Any kiosk will offer pølse in a bun and/or lompe (a soft tortilla-like patty) with condiments, and it may appear to be a cheap meal, though making a habit of eating pølse at all times is strongly discouraged.
  • Kafé Knaillhard, Innheredsveien 69c. Kafé Knaillhard is part of the uffahus [39] and serves vegetarian/vegan food during the week around 6PM for 25 kroner.
  • 1001 Natt, Olav Tryggvasons gate. In the main thoroughfare through the centre, 1001 Natt is the main kebab-dealer in Trondheim.
  • Sesam, Studentersamfundet. Just by the main entrance, Sesam makes the city's most hyped and beloved burgers.
  • Tavern, Trøndelag Folkemuseum. Hardly a bargain at normal times, this old 18th century-inn dishes up all-you-can-eat klubb (potato dumplings with bacon and brown cheese sauce) every Tuesday for well below NOK 100. Well worth it, for a taste of real Norwegian peasant cuisine. At least I like it... Be prepared to roll down the hills towards the city afterwards, this is filling food! (Bus 8 to Trøndelag Folkemuseum)
  • Ramp, Strandveien, Svartlamon. This totally laid-back, semi-organic offering in the squat area of Svartlamon is a good places to while away the hours while watching totally exotic people doing their stuff. Great food at great prices. The letdown is the view of a train goods terminal, a German-built submarine bunker complex and that it is cool to the point of pretension; bring your tats and dreads. Any eastbound bus will take you to Strandveien stop.
  • EGON Tårnet, Otto Nielsens vei 4, Tyholt. The rotating restaurant at the top of Radio Tower in Tyholt offers a pizza buffet for only NOK 105. It is every Sunday and Monday from 11AM to 11PM. All other days it is from 11AM to 6PM. Tap water is for free, other beverages. [40] with adress and pricelist. (Bus 20 or 60 to Tyholttårnet/Otto Nielsens veg) There are also other EGON outlets around town, the most central being in Søndre gate.
  • Credo Bar, Credoveita just behind Byhaven shopping centre. This is one of the best restaurants in Trondheim, with prices to match. Nice, then, that they have a bar on the 1st floor serving the daily special (choice between fish and meat) for NOK 110. It's ALWAYS delicious. 3-course dinner for NOK 220. Enter through the "hidden" door to the left of the restaurant, and walk up the stairs. This bar turns into a rocking place at night.
  • Bakklandet Skydsstation, Øvre Bakklandet. The place to find old Norwegian standards, such as kjøttkaker (meat cakes) and baccalao (dried, salted cod in a tomato sauce), in what must be the city's most charming and least right-angled house.
  • Cafe Ni Muser, Prinsens gate. Nice, artsy café with good food and a big outdoor section. A bit too close to the traffic-ridden Prinsens gate, however.
  • Kaktus, Nedre Bakklandet 6. Located in a small, but wonderful Trondheim street serving a nice range of very tasty food. Includes some mexican and plenty of steaks.
  • Emilies, Erling Skakkes gate close to the Theatre. A homely gourmet restaurant with a slant towards French cuisine, Emilies is one of the top offerings in town.
  • Chablis, Øvre Bakklandet. Informal but consistently good, Chablis is a brilliant bistro with a smashing location just across Old Town bridge.
  • Credo, Credoveita behind Byhaven shopping centre. A top offering with a stellar wine list, this restaurant manages to be both informal, creative and top-end. Expensive, but a memory for life.
  • Prins Olav Grill, Royal Garden hotel. Maybe the best hotel restaurant in Norway, this is worth the splurge if you have the money and the interest in fine dining. Be prepared for exquisite dining at corporate prices.

Drink

Trondheim has a rocking nightlife. However, everything closes fairly early, meaning that there's a well developed culture for after-parties in homes. To find one, the area just outside Downtown and Harvey's in Nordre is the best bet, or befriend someone working at the Studentersamfundet, that can take you into the private quarters of the house. They are only allowed one guest each...

Learn the customs if you want a good time... essential words are "Vorspiel", referring to the pre-parties people have before they go out, and "Nachspiel", the after-parties. Vorspiels are necessitated by the very high prices in bars and clubs... the idea is generally to drink as much as you can before going out, spend as little as possible while in the venue, and drink more afterwards.

Also, beware of the stringent regulations governing the sale of alcohol! You can only get drinks of strength 4,7% or less from regular shops. So, only beer. Also, they stop selling beer at 8PM sharp on weekdays, 6PM sharp on Saturdays and they don't sell it at all on Sundays... a legacy from Christian Democracy. Beware of the alcohol-free beer too, there's lots of it, and many people drink it if they are driving... if you see beer that seems cheap(er) than the rest, check the strength!!

If you want wine or spirits, you'll need to find a Vinmonopolet, the state-run liquor stores. There are only a few in Trondheim, and they close early, 5 or 6PM during the week and 3PM on Saturdays. Sunday? Forget it. The easiest one to find is beside Burger King right in the middle of town, close to the statue of Olav at Torget. There's another one at Byhaven mall.

The cafe scene in Trondheim is the best developed in Norway, with tons of fine coffee-and-cake spots around. Most double as pubs during the night.

  • Studentersamfundet, Elgeseter gate 1. A big, red, round temple to partying. Major concerts coincide with political meetings, discussions, wine tasting, disco, football matches and... you name it. You are certain to get lost in the mazes of this wonderful house. Fairly empty in summer and on weekdays, but on term time weekends it's good. Expect to pay around NOK 30- 60 in the door on weekends, more if there's a major concert going on. Befriend anyone who works there, and try to gain access to their private quarters, with some 20 pubs staying open all night (and day... and night again...)
  • Bar Circus, Olav Tryggvasons gate 27. Quite popular and almost always very full - but that's not just because of the music or location, but because of the beer price which is cheap in norwegian terms (33,- for 0,4l.)
  • Kieglekroa Pub, Kongens gate 30. Pretty nice place to start your evening. Half-welcoming prices and good music. Try the "kjeglespill" in the basement - amusing, addictive and its for free!
  • Den Gode Nabo, Bakklandet. Just across the Old Town bridge and down a scary-looking staircase, this is a brown fisherman's pub in an old warehouse. As atmospheric as it gets, they have Trondheim's most lovely outdoor seating in summer. The place is divided between the "grown ups section" by the entrance, and the "student section" further in. Popular amongst students and all others. Not too expensive, either.
  • DownTown, Near the harbour, it is widely known among students due to its pianobar. Cheap beer during the week (19 NOK for 33cl) and a lot of international students, especially on thursday.
  • Blæst, Solsiden. In the new Solsiden complex at Nedre Elvehavn, Blæst is the best and most affordable offering. Discos and major concerts are held. Good outdoor seating along the whole front, but Blæst has the cheapest beer of the 6-7 pubs there.
  • Cafe 3b, Brattørgata. 3b is an institution in Trondheim. Leading on in the "big beer war" of the -90's, it was dirt cheap for years. Now it's more expensive, but it's still an enjoyable, black hole catering for rock and indie kids of every denomination imaginable. Hiphop kids have their own private dungeon down the corridor behind the bar in the basement.
  • Credo, Credoveita behind Byhaven shopping centre. Above the Credo restaurant is the 3b for grown ups. Rock and indie for people who know their musical history, and the occasional live gig of guaranteed quality music. Entrance in the dark alley around the corner from the restaurant. Hard to spot unless the smokers are taking fresh air.
  • Fru Lundgreens, Olavskvartalet. In the basement of the concert hall, Fru Lundgreens looks like the inside of a lung but has good, cheap beer and a brilliant jukebox. Crowd is rock. Pooltable in the back. Prices vary on time, but always good value. The food of the day is good if you need something with your beer.
  • Carl Johan, Nordre gate. The northernmost end of Nordre gate is the hub of Trondheims nightlife, with mainstream discos, sausage kiosks and lots of drunk, well-dressed people. Carl Johan is a straightforward pub with more relaxed ambience than most offerings in the area.
  • Kjemikjellern, (Often pronounced Sjemisjeller'n by drunk students visiting from southeastern Norway), A great place for getting drunk in the weekends, very cheap beer and booze. Try befriending some local students and you might get to taste some lovely karsk.
  • Kvilhaugen gård, Tyholt (bus 60 to Kvilhaugen). If you venture out of the centre to get your beer, make it here. Wonderful outdoor seating with views of most of Trondheim. Inside, it's an old farmhouse with plenty of atmosphere.
  • Bakklandet Skydsstation, Øvre Bakklandet. Doubles as a cosy cafe-cum-pub at night.
  • Cafe Ni Muser, Prinsens gate. Their outdoor section is packed with artsy types in summer. A lovely spot to get imbibed, just by the Cathedral.
  • Mormors Stue. In the centre of town, this cafe has a cake-buffet on Sundays, 69nok for as much cake and tea/coffee as you can eat and drink. Carrot cake, cheesecake, apple cake, chocolate cake... all are totally edible. The free coffee's not up to Dromedar standards by fra, but do go in a group and hang out for an hour or two. It's a good way to spend a hung over Sunday afternoon.
  • Choco Boco, Solsiden. A good coffee-bar with Italian-style coffee and exotic specials like Snickers coffee. Lovely cakes as well.
  • Dromedar Kaffebar, Nedre Bakklandet and Nordre gate. The best coffee in Norway (save Tim Wendelboes in Oslo), ultra-top-quality coffee comes with the typical laid-back Trondheim atmosphere thrown in for free, especially at their Bakklandet outlet. Plain awesome.
  • UFFA [41], Innherredsveien 69c. The UFFA-Hus (Ungdom for fri aktivitet) is a autonomous youth-center in Trondheim with a lively history of 25 years. You'll find concerts of regional, norwegian and international Punk, Hardcore and Metal-bands for decent prices. During the week they serve cheep vegetarian food.
  • Camping There are several managed camp sites, some with huts. If you want to go free-camping, get the tram to the terminus at Lian and walk into the forest from there. Some people camp rough in the area around the fortifications of Kristiansten festning: Do this at your own risk. (This is technically a park.) There is an unofficial law in Norway stating that nature is for everyone, you may camp out anywhere if you keep a distance of 300 meters from homes/structures. It underscores Norwegians deep love of the outdoors & their trust in people using but not abusing this precious resource. If you want to camp close to the city, it is allowed to camp behind the Studentersamfundet, under the administration of Trondheim InterRail Center, during the summer months against a low fee.

Campsites include:

  • Flakk [42], close to the ferry terminal for the car ferry to Fosen. (Bus 75 to Flakkråa, infrequent)
  • Sandmoen [43], south of the city and frequently served by slo-o-ow bus. Shop, huts and all amenities. (Bus 19 or 47 to Sandmoen)
  • Vikhammer [44], east of the centre near the fjord. (Local bus towards Stjørdal or local train to Vikhammer station, day pass not valid)
  • Storsand [45], east of the centre and maybe the most picturesqure of the lot. (Local bus towards Stjørdal, fairly frequent, day pass not valid)
  • Øysand [46], south of the city near the Øysand beach. (Local buses towards Orkanger, frequent, day pass not valid).

Hostels include:

  • The Trondheim InterRail Centre [47] is run by students at the marvellous student society building near the city campus. It functions as a youth hostel late June to mid-August. Price NOK 180 per person per night including breakfast. There's also free internet and they serve warm meals for NOK 50. (Bus to Studentersamfundet)
  • Trondheim Hostel [48] is located on top of a hill, fairly close to the centre, Lademoen and the fortress. Clean, efficient and nice. (Bus 63 to Sigurd Bergs allé)
  • Pensjonat Jarlen [49] is the most central offering, in Kongens gate near the main square. Slightly more expensive, but still good for Trondheim.

Hotels include:

  • Singsaker Sommerhotell [50] is a lovely studenthome converted into a summer hotel while the students are home during the summer. It's located near to city center and the University. The standard is simple, but upgraded this year (summer 2008). The breakfast buffet is included. The hotel opens in the beginning of June and closes in the middle of August (this may vary). Be early to book if you want a room with bathroom, although the common bathrooms are really nice too.
  • Thon Hotel Trondheim [51], Kongens gate 15. You will find the hotel in the middle of the historic district in Trondheim, only 50 metres from the town square. The airport shuttle bus and most of the public transportation stops close to the hotel. Fixed low prices; 695/895 NOK single/double.
  • Thon Hotel Gildevangen [52], Søndre gate 22B. The hotel is ideally situated in the middle of Trondheim, a short 300 metres walk from both the train- and bus station. Airport shuttle stops right outside the hotel from the airport.
  • Hotell Britannia [53] with its 1890's facade, and a matching but modern interior is the most stylish hotel in the city. Its location in Dronningens gate 5 is an almost impossibly central quiet street. It has two restaurants, a number of bars, and modern but stylish rooms. There are also a number of themed rooms, like rooms decorated by well-known Norwegian artists. Normal prices start at 1500/1700 and go a long way up, but note that you will get a solid 30% discount on by booking online. The summer offers of 795/995 are rather good value.
  • Radisson SAS Royal Garden Hotel is a modern palace of glass, brass and marble with 295 rooms. Centrally located, excellent communications, but a little soulless. Rooms start at 1198/1298 at summer weekends and go way up.

Stay safe

Generally considered to be the sort of city where little old ladies can walk safely in dark alleys. It is also not terribly uncommon that regular people will go to great strides to give you back your wallet if you drop it, with cash and credit cards intact.

The only "danger" you might encounter are the occasional youths stumbling around in large groups on Friday/Saturdays. The same goes for Trondheim as anywhere else; leave drunk people alone and it's a good chance they'll leave you alone as well.

There are some beggars and rough people. Norway has an extensive social wellfare system, and everyone is guaranteed a place to live and a minimum hand out from the government (for single person aprox 5000 NOK a month). Beggars are therefore usually people whose economical difficulties are related to excessive use of drugs or alcohol. In the summer, you might also encounter foreigners who have travelled to Norway on the purpose of begging for money. Begging is not illegal in Norway.

Contact

Internet cafes are scarce as most people are connected at home. You will however find a few PCs at some museums and public buildings, reserved for visitors, and more at the public library (may be waiting time).

  • Wireless Trondheim [54] is a wireless network covering most of the city centre. 3h=NOK 10, 24h=NOK 29.
  • Trondheim Public Library Peter Egges plass 1. Mon - Thu 9:00AM - 7:00PM, Fri 9:00AM - 4:00PM, Sat 9:00AM - 3:00PM
  • Main Post Office, Dronningens gt. 10.
  • The Railway Station has an electronic information kiosk about the city. It has a keyboard but the web browser has no address bar, so you can only click on links to other sites. But find your way to Google (it's possible, be creative), and you can type in the address of the website you want to visit into Google Search.

Get out

See the "Get in" section for details.

Day trips

Øysand is one of the best beaches close to Trondheim. Get the Orkanger-bound buses.

 You may also rent a car.

Hitch-hiking

Hitching a ride out of Trondheim can be difficult. The best spots require a bus-ride at the start.

For south/south-westbound travel, the bus stop close to the Shell station at E6, just across the street from City Syd shopping mall, may be the best choice within city limits. Get bus 46 to City Syd and walk, or get the Orkanger-bound bus that stops right there. If you want to make it clear whether you are going the E6 (towards Oslo) or the E39 (towards Molde/Ålesund), you need to get the Orkanger-bound bus to Øysand (for E39) or the Støren-bound bus to Kvål (for E6). This may be sensible, as the traffic splits roughly in half at Klett, where the two main roads meet. If you are lucky, a bus driver would drive you to the best available hiking spot free of charge (especially if you are from abroad).

For north/eastbound travel, get bus 7 or 36 to Travbanen stop. Sadly, there are no good hitching spots beyond the start of the highway. To avoid short runs, it may be wise to get a bus or train to Stjørdal (close to the airport), then hitch on the E6 or E14 depending on where you want to go. In Stjørdal, there are good spots at both roads close to the station.

Routes through Trondheim
NarvikHell  N noframe S  MelhusOslo
END  W noframe E  ÅreÖstersund
END  N noframe S  MoldeBergen
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Wikipedia

Norwegian

Proper noun

Trondheim

Trondheim

  1. A municipality in Sør-Trøndelag, Norway. It is also the third largest town in Norway after Oslo and Bergen.

Simple English

 Trondheim (info • help) is a city and municipality in the county of Sør-Trøndelag, Norway. With 161,730 inhabitants inhabitant (as of 2006), Trondheim is Norway's third largest municipality, as well as the centre of the fourth largest urban area, with a population of about 152,800. As of 2006, the Trondheim Region, a statistical metropolitan area, has a population of 246,751.

History

The city of Trondheim was founded in 997. It was frequently used as the seat of the king, and was capital of Norway until 1217. In the Middle Ages, Trondheim was the site of several battles, including the battle between King Sverre and Erling Skakke, in 1179. The city has experienced several major fires - the most devastating in 1651 and 1681. The 1651 fire destroyed 90% of the buildings in Trondheim, and the 1681 fire led to a total reconstruction of the city.

The city of Trondheim became a municipality January 1, 1838. The rural municipalities of Byneset, Leinstrand, Strinda and Tiller were joined into Trondheim on January 1, 1964.

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